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1|Basic English Book RPI-ONLINE
DAFTAR ISI

COVER

CONTENTS .............................................................................................. 2

PART I ...................................................................................................... 3

PART II ...................................................................................................... 4

PART III ................................................................................................... 5

PART IV ................................................................................................... 6

PART V ..................................................................................................... 9

PART VI ................................................................................................... 10

PART VII .................................................................................................. 12

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PART 1

INTRODUCTION
HOW TO INTRODUCE YOURSELF AND OTHERS ?

1. INTRODUCE YOURSELF
A. INFORMAL
 Hello ! My name is Jimmy
 Hi ! I am Sally from Jakarta

B. FORMAL
 I would like to introduce my self, my name is Jimmy
 Let me introduce my self, my name is Sally
 May I introduce my self ? my name is Jimmy

2. INTRODUCE OTHERS
A. INFORMAL
 Hello my friends ! She is Sally
 Hi ! He is Jimmy from Bali

B. FORMAL
 Bill, I‟d like to introduce you to Sally
 Sally, I‟d like you to meet Billy
 Jimmy, Let me introduce you to Billy

LET’S TRY IT !
I would like to introduce my self, my name is Sally
I am from Jakarta
I live in Menteng street
I am a student of University in Jakarta
My majure is Business Management
My activities are studying, and working
I like fishing with my father every month

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PART II

PART OF SPEECH

Part of speech merupakan bagian-bagian mendasar dalam suatu kalimat. Part of


speech dibagi menjadi 8, yaitu: Pronoun, Adjective, Noun, Conjunction, Adverb, Verb,
Interjection, Preposition atau biasa disebut dengan mudah yaitu PANCAVIP.

P (Pronoun) : kata ganti = She, He, I, Our, Us, Yourself, It


A (Adjective) : kata sifat = Beautiful, Cute, Ugly, Small, Sad, Big
N (Noun) : kata benda = Bag, Cup, Apple, Pillow
C (Conjunction) : kata hubung = And, Or, But, For
A (Adverb) : kata keterangan = Here, There
V (Verb) : kata kerja = Accompany, Speak, Go, Drive
I (Interjection) : kata seru = Oops !, Hahaha... Hi !
P (Preposition) : kata depan = In, On, At, By, Without

Personal Possesive
Reflexive
Subject Object Adjective Pronoun
I Me My + noun Mine Myself
You You Your + noun Yours Yourself
Yourselves
They Them Their + noun Theirs Themselves
We Us Our + noun Ours Ourselves
She Her Her + noun Hers Herself
He Him His + noun His Himself
It It Its + noun Its Itself
Table 1. Pronoun

EXAMPLE :
1. She is my little sister
2. I come to your home
3. I do my homework by myself
4. My friends are lazy
5. Her sister is friendly

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PART III

ADJECTIVE

WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT HIM ?

He is smart student

He has white skin

He wears a glasses

His hair is brown colour

He is handsome

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PART IV

SIMPLE PRESENT

Formula :

Verbal Nominal
(+) S + V1 (s/es) + O + Adv (+) S + to be (is, am are) + C
(-) S + do/does + not + V1 + O + Adv (-) S + to be + not + C
(?) Do/Does + S + V1 + O + Adv ? (?) to be+ S + C ?
Example :
Verbal
(+) My father gives me money everyday
(-) My father doesn‟t give me money everyday
(?) Does my father give me money everyday ?
Yes, He does.
No, He doesn‟t but He gives me food everyday.

Nominal
(+) I am handsome
(-) I am not handsome
(?) am I handsome ?
Yes, You are
No, You aren‟t but you are cool.

Function :
a. Untuk menyatakan kegiatan sehari-hari (daily activity)
Example :
I go to school every morning
My sister sweeps the living room every afternoon
b. Untuk menyatakan kebenaran umum (general truth)
Example :
President Jokowi leads our country this period.
One week has 7 days

Time Signal :
 Always
 Everyday
 Often
 Seldom
 Sometimes
 Usulally

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*Note :
 Untuk subject (I, You, They, We) verbnya tanpa s/es dan auxiliary yang dipakai adalah
“Do”.
 Untuk subject (She, He, It) verbnya menggunakan s/es dan auxiliary yang digunakan
adalah “Does”.
 Aturan penambahan es / s ketika diikuti subjek (she, he, it dan name of person) :
1) Jika kata kerja berakhiran dengan huruf desis (ch, ss, sh, x, o) maka ditambahkan
“es” .
Example :
Catch (Catches) Go (Goes)
Watch (Watches) Fix (ixes)
2) Jika kata kerja yang berakhiran “y” dan didahului huruf konsonan maka huruf “y”
diganti dengan “ies”.
Example :
Study (Studies) Cry (Cries) Fly (Flies)
3) Jika kata kerja yang berakhiran “y” dan didahului huruf vocal maka huruf “y”
diganti dengan “s”.
Example :
Play (Plays) Buy (Buys)

Exercise
1) Complete the sentences into +, -, ?, -? Forms !
a) Rian does not live in Sragen.
(+) ..............................................................................................................
(?) ..............................................................................................................
(-?) ..............................................................................................................
b) Is Syam a good student among his friends ?
(+) ..............................................................................................................
(-) ..............................................................................................................
(-?) ..............................................................................................................
c) Don‟t they eat rice everyday ?
(+) ..............................................................................................................
(-) ..............................................................................................................
(?) ..............................................................................................................

2) Translate into English


a) Apakah Yogi menyirami bunga-bunganya setiap pagi ?
Answer : ..............................................................................................................
b) Bukankah mereka datang tepat waktu ?
Answer : ..............................................................................................................
c) Wanita cantik itu ada di rumahku
Answer : ..............................................................................................................
d) Pertanyaan-pertanyaan ini sangat mudah
Answer : ..............................................................................................................

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DAILY ACTIVITY

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PART V

QUESTION WORD

QW Meaning Function Example


Who Siapa Subject Person Who studies English ?
Whom Siapa Object Person Whom do you love ?
What Apa Subject/Object non person What do they eat everyday ?
Why Kenapa Reason Why does she come here ?
When Kapan Adverb of time When does he go to school ?
Where Dimana Adverb of place Where do you live ?
How Bagaimana Adverb of manner How do they speak English ?

Exercise

Please translate into English !

1. Siapa yang bangun setiap pagi ?


2. Siapa yang ayahmu temui ?
3. Apa yang mereka ambil di atas meja ?
4. Kenapa dia (pr) tidak datang ?
5. Kapan sepupumu membeli sayur ?

Reading Text

THE BEST AND THE WORST

Joe Sanders has the most beautiful garden in our town. Nearly everybody enters for„The
Nicest Garden Competition‟each year, but Joe wins every time. Bill Frith's garden is larger
than Joe's. Bill works harder than Joe and grows more flowers and vegetables, but Joe's
garden is more interesting. He has made neat paths and has built a wooden bridge over a
pool. I like gardens too, but I do not like hard work. Every year I enter for the garden
competition too, and I always win a little prize for the worst garden in the town!

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PART VI

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

Formula :

Verbal Nominal
(+) S + to be (is, am, are) + Ving + O + Adv (+) S + to be (is, am are) + C
(-) S + to be + not + Ving + O + Adv (-) S + to be + not + C
(?) to be + S + Ving + O + Adv ? (?) to be+ S + C ?

Example :
Verbal
(+) They are having lunch now
(-) They are not having lunch now
(?) Are they having lunch now ?
Yes, They are
No, They aren‟t but they are doing their duty now.

Nominal
(+) She is there now
(-) She is not there now
(?) Is she there now?
Yes, She is
No, She isn‟t but She is here.

Function :
Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang sedang terjadi pada waktu sekarang.

Time signal :
 Now  Right now
 At present  Still
 At this time  At .... o‟clock

*Note :
Subject I You They We He She It
To be am Are Is

Exercise
1) Apakah mereka sedang menunggu kita ?
Answer : ..............................................................................................................
2) Gadis kecil itu tidak sedang menangis
Answer : ..............................................................................................................
3) Bukankah dia sedang menyanyikan lagu favorit mu ?
10 | B a s i c E n g l i s h B o o k RPI-ONLINE
Answer : ..............................................................................................................
4) Apakah kelinci-kelinci itu sedang menggali lubang-lubang di halaman ?
Answer : ..............................................................................................................
5) Seorang gadis sedang berteriak untuk meminta tolong.
Answer : ..............................................................................................................

QUESTION WORD

QW Meaning Function Example


Whose Punya siapa Possesive Whose book is she taking ?
Which Yangmana Adjective Which boy do you mean ?
What Apa Subject/Object non person What are they doing ?
Who Siapa Subject Who is speaking Indonesian ?
Whom Siapa Object Whom are you calling ?
Where Dimana Adverb of place Where is he waiting for us ?

Exercise

Please translate into English !

1. Apa yang sedang adikmu lakukan ?


2. Siapa yang sedang menulis di depan kelas ?
3. Apa yang sedang orang-orang bersihkan ?
4. Motornya siapa yang sedang ayahnya (Lk) perbaiki ?
5. Sepeda mana yang sedang kalian gambar ?

Reading Text

Anggun is helping to cut some onions, chilies, carrots, potatoes and other vegetables. She is
also writing her grandmother‟s recipe. She plans to make chicken soup at home next Monday.
She is making the chicken soup for her mother. Next Monday is her mother‟s birthday.

An hour later, Chiya and grandparents have finished eating chicken soup. Now, Chiya is
listening to her grandfather‟s story. Chiya also loves listening to her grandpa‟s story.

Her gandpa has many stories about life, joke, culture and many more. Now, Chiya with
grandmother are listening to one story of The Arabian Nights (1001 nights). They‟re enjoying
their time together.

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PART VII

TIME AND DATE


What time is it?

 9.00: It is nine o‟clock (jam sembilan tepat)


 6.25: It is twenty-five past six. (jam enam lebih dua puluh
lima menit)
 3.17: It is seventeen past three. (jam tiga lebih tujuh belas
menit)
 8.55: It is five to nine. (jam Sembilan kurang lima menit)
 9.40: It is twenty to ten. (jam sepuluh kurang duapuluh
menit)

DAY /’deɪ/ MONTH /ˈmʌnth

How to Nama Bulan Name of Month How to Pronounce


Nama Hari Name of Day
Pronounce
Januari January /ˈdʒanjʊ(ə)ri/
Minggu Sunday /ˈsʌndeɪ/
Februari February /ˈfɛbrʊəri/
Senin Monday /ˈmʌndeɪ/
Maret March /mɑːtʃ/
Selasa Tuesday /ˈtjuːzdeɪ/
April April /ˈeɪpr(ɪ)l/
Rabu Wednesday /ˈwɛnzdeɪ/
Mei May /meɪ/
Kamis Thursday /ˈθəːzdeɪ/ Juni June /dʒuːn/

Jumat Friday /ˈfrʌɪdeɪ/ Juli July /dʒʊˈlʌɪ/

Sabtu Saturday /ˈsatədeɪ/ Agustus August /ɔːˈɡʌst/


/
September September /sɛpˈtɛmbə/

Oktober October /ɒkˈtəʊbə/

Nopember November /nə(ʊ)ˈvɛmbə/

Desember December /dɪˈsɛmbə/

12 | B a s i c E n g l i s h B o o k RPI-ONLINE
Dear all members of Rumah Pelajar Indonesia,

This E-book only for you who are the members of Rumah Pelajar Indonesia.

Thank you very much for being our family in this class.

We hope that all of us can be successful people and these lessons can be useful
for us.

May our English be better than before

Aamiin,

July 2018

English Teacher of RPI

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