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MID185 APM Volvo Air Dryer Control


Units

Interpretation of diagnostic codes of malfunctions of control units of air dryers MID185 APM
Volvo.

Possible fault conditions - FMI field

- FMI 0: Data is reliable, but is above the norm;

- FMI 1: Data is reliable, but is below normal;

- FMI 2: Incorrect data;

- FMI 3: A short to high or short circuit;

- FMI 4: Short to low voltage or low voltage circuit;

- FMI 5: Open circuit or low current;

- FMI 6: Current is above normal or the circuit is shorted to ground;

- FMI 7: Incorrect mechanical response;


- FMI 8: Invalid pulse frequency;

- FMI 9: Incorrect update frequency;

- FMI 10: Large fluctuations;

- FMI 11: Unknown fault;

- FMI 12: Component defective;

- FMI 13: Incorrect calibration value;

- FMI 14: Special instructions;

- FMI 15: Reserve for future use.

Restarting the control unit air dryer MID185

The car is standing still.

1. Switch off the ignition, wait at least 10 seconds for the control unit to reset data;
2. Disconnect the power from the batteries to the main switch or remove the terminals;
3. Power on;
4. Ignition ON;
5. Delete fault codes;
6. Start the engine;
7. If the DTC remains active, turn off the ignition, turn off the power from the batteries
for at least 30 seconds before taking further action.

MID 185 PID 70


Parameter:
Parking brake status
Fault:

FMI 0 The pressure in the power accumulator is above 10 Bar. Defective air dryer
control unit (installed inside the air dryer) is faulty. Replace air dryer.

FMI 2 The signal value of the air pressure sensor in the accumulator is outside the
allowable limits (the pressure sensor is installed inside the air dryer). Defective air
dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

MID 185 PID 84


Parameter:
Car speed
Fault:

FMI 2 The driving speed signal received from the MID144 vehicle control unit is
incorrect or missing. Breakage or partial damage to the SAE J1587 / J1708 data
channel wiring. Damaged or oxidized pins in connectors. Perhaps faulty vehicle
control unit.
MID 185 PID 93
Parameter:
Torque
Fault:

FMI 2 The signal received from the engine control unit MID128 is incorrect or
missing. Breakage or partial damage to the SAE J1587 / J1708 data channel wiring.
Damaged or oxidized pins in connectors. The engine control unit may be faulty.

MID 185 PID 190


Parameter:
Engine speed
Fault:

FMI 2 The signal received from the engine control unit MID128 is incorrect or
missing. Breakage or partial damage to the SAE J1587 / J1708 data channel wiring.
Damaged or oxidized pins in connectors. The engine control unit may be faulty.

MID 185 PID 245


Parameter:
Mileage information
Fault:

FMI 2 The signal received from the dashboard control unit MID140 is incorrect or
missing. Breakage or partial damage to the SAE J1587 / J1708 data channel wiring.
Damaged or oxidized pins in connectors. Perhaps faulty control unit dashboard. Check
for the presence of fault codes for dashboard control units.

MID 185 PID 252


Parameter:
date
Fault:

FMI 2 The signal received from the dashboard control unit MID140 is incorrect or
missing. Breakage or partial damage to the SAE J1587 / J1708 data channel wiring.
Damaged or oxidized pins in connectors. Perhaps faulty control unit dashboard. Check
for the presence of fault codes for dashboard control units.

MID 185 SID 229


Parameter:
Downshift switch
Fault:

FMI 2 The signal coming from the car control unit MID144, incorrect or absent.
Breakage or partial damage to the SAE J1587 / J1708 data channel wiring. Damaged
or oxidized pins in connectors. Perhaps faulty vehicle control unit.

MID 185 SID 230


Parameter:
Idle switch № 1 accelerator pedal
Fault:

FMI 2 The signal coming from the car control unit MID144, incorrect or absent.
Breakage or partial damage to the SAE J1587 / J1708 data channel wiring. Damaged
or oxidized pins in connectors. Perhaps faulty vehicle control unit.

MID 185 SID 231


Parameter:
SAE J1939 data feed
Fault:

FMI 2 Signals by which the air dryer unit and other control units communicate with
each other over an SAE J1939 data channel are out of range or absent. Breakage of
wiring, damage to the contacts in the data channel connectors SAE J1939

MID 185 SID 233


Parameter:
Control unit 2
Fault:

FMI 2 Incorrect internal calculations. Defective air dryer control unit.

FMI 8 Incorrect self test results. Defective air dryer control unit.

FMI 12 Internal control unit malfunction.

MID 185 SID 240


Parameter:
Program memory
Fault:

FMI 2 Invalid checksum value. Error in the program or incorrectly programmed


parameters. Perform reprogramming. If the fault persists, replace the air dryer.

FMI 8 Invalid checksum value. Error in the program. Try restarting MID185.

FMI 9 Malfunction of the internal memory of the air dryer control unit or incorrectly
programmed parameters. Try restarting MID185. perform reprogramming. If the fault
persists, replace the air dryer.

FMI 10 Incorrectly programmed parameters in the air dryer control unit. Try
restarting MID185. perform reprogramming. If the fault persists, replace the air dryer.

FMI 11 Incorrectly programmed parameters in the air dryer control unit. Try
restarting MID185. Perform reprogramming. If the fault persists, replace the air dryer.

FMI 12 Air dryer control unit faulty. Replace air dryer.

FMI 14 Air dryer control unit faulty. Replace air dryer.


MID 185 SID 246
Parameter:
Brake pedal switch
Fault:

FMI 2 The signal from the MID136 braking system control unit is incorrect or
missing. Breakage or partial damage to the SAE J1587 / J1708 data channel wiring.
Damaged or oxidized pins in connectors. The brake control unit MID136 or the car
control unit MID144 may be faulty.

MID 185 SID 251


Parameter:
Power supply control unit air dryer
Fault:

FMI 0 High voltage between power contact 3 and ground 4 at the air dryer connector.
Possible generator malfunction. Try restarting MID185.

FMI 1 Low voltage between power contacts 3 or 1 and ground 4 at the dehumidifier
connector. A short to earth on the power supply wires is possible. Try restarting
MID185.

FMI 5 Break of power wires to the contacts of the air dryer 3 or 1, break of the ground
wire to the contact of the air dryer 4. One of the fuses F8 or F47 has blown out. Try
restarting MID185.

MID 185 SID 252


Parameter:
Calibration control unit
Fault:

FMI 14 The control unit is in self-test mode. Try restarting MID185.

MID 185 SID 253


Parameter:
Gauge EEPROM Memory
Fault:

FMI 2 Invalid checksum value at the start of operation. Parameters in the air dryer
control unit are incorrectly programmed. Try restarting MID185. Perform
reprogramming.

FMI 6 Internal fault in the air dryer control unit. Try restarting MID185. Perform
reprogramming. If the fault persists, replace the air dryer.

FMI 7 Invalid checksum value at the beginning of work. Parameters in the air dryer
control unit are incorrectly programmed. Try restarting MID185. Perform
reprogramming.
FMI 12 Internal fault in the air dryer control unit. Try restarting MID185. Perform
reprogramming. If the fault persists, replace the air dryer.

FMI 13 Internal fault in the air dryer control unit. Try restarting MID185. Perform
reprogramming. If the fault persists, replace the air dryer.

FMI 14 Internal fault in the air dryer control unit. Try restarting MID185. Perform
reprogramming. If the fault persists, replace the air dryer.

MID 185 SID 254


Parameter:
Control unit 1
Fault:

FMI 2, 10, 11, 12 Internal malfunction in the air dryer control unit. Try restarting
MID185. Perform reprogramming. If the fault persists, replace the air dryer.

MID 185 PPID 55


Parameter:
Control unit temperature
Fault:

FMI 2 The sensor signal of the internal temperature of the air dryer control unit is out
of tolerance. Defective air dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

FMI 10 Block temperature below -48 degrees or above +93 degrees. Extreme weather
conditions or defective temperature sensor. Restart MID185 at an ambient temperature
of 20 degrees. If the code remains active, replace the air cleaner.

MID 185 PPID 258


Parameter:
Engine speed control
Fault:

FMI 2 The signal received from the engine control unit MID128 is incorrect or
missing. Breakage or partial damage to the data channel wiring. Damaged or oxidized
pins in connectors. The engine control unit may be faulty.

MID 185 PPID 294


Parameter:
Air pressure in the parking brake circuit
Fault:

FMI 8 The pressure in the parking brake circuit increases, even with the solenoid
valve activated. Air ingress from trailer circuit or defective air dryer. Try to
completely empty and fill the pneumatic system. Try restarting MID185.

FMI 9 The circuit of the parking brake is not completely filled for a certain period of
time. Leaks in the parking brake or trailer circuit are blocked or partially blocked. Try
to completely empty and fill the pneumatic system. Try restarting MID185.
FMI 12 Air pressure in the parking brake circuit or trailer circuit is lower than 4.5 bar
at speeds above 10 km / h. Leaks in the parking brake or trailer circuit are blocked or
partially blocked. Try to completely empty and fill the pneumatic system. Try
restarting MID185.

MID 185 PPID 295


Parameter:
Fixed neutral position
Fault:

FMI 2 The signal from MID144 vehicle control unit is incorrect or missing. Breakage
or partial damage to the SAE J1587 / J1708 data channel wiring. Damaged or oxidized
pins in connectors. Perhaps faulty vehicle control unit.

MID 185 PPID 305


Parameter:
Front circuit of the main brake system
Fault:

FMI 0 The pressure in the front loop is above 14 Bar, at a speed of more than 10 km /
h. Defective air dryer. Try to completely empty and fill the pneumatic system. Try
restarting MID185.

FMI 12 The pressure in the front loop is below 4.5 Bar, at a speed exceeding 10 km /
h. The elements of the front contour are leaking or partially clogged. Try restarting
MID185.

MID 185 PPID 306


Parameter:
Rear side of the main brake system
Fault:

FMI 0 The air pressure in the rear loop is 1.5 bar higher. automatic shutdown
pressure. Defective air dryer. Try to completely empty and fill the pneumatic system.
Try restarting MID185.

FMI 12 The pressure in the rear loop is below 4.5 Bar, at a speed of more than 10 km
/ h. The elements of the rear contour are leaking or partially clogged. Try restarting
MID185.

MID 185 PSID 1


Parameter:
Main solenoid valve
Fault:

FMI 3, 5 Internal malfunction in the air dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

MID 185 PSID 2


Parameter:
Safety valve
Fault:

FMI 3, 5 Internal malfunction in the air dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

MID 185 PSID 3


Parameter:
Valve restoring
Fault:

FMI 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 For FMI 8, first check the integrity of the wiring of the data
channels SAE J1939 and SAE J1587. Internal malfunction in the air dryer control unit.
Replace air dryer.

MID 185 PSID 4


Parameter:
Blocking valve
Fault:

FMI 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 For FMI 8, first check the integrity of the wiring of the data
channels SAE J1939 and SAE J1587. Internal malfunction in the air dryer control unit.
Replace air dryer.

MID 185 PSID 5


Parameter:
Drive, heating
Fault:

FMI 3 Short circuit of the power supply of the air dryer to battery positive or
defective air dryer.

FMI 5 Internal fault in the air dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

FMI 6 Internal fault in the air dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

FMI 7 Internal fault in the air dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

FMI 9 Internal fault in the air dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

FMI 13 The parameters in the air dryer control unit are incorrectly programmed. Try
restarting MID185. Perform reprogramming. If the fault persists, replace the air dryer.

MID 185 PSID 6


Parameter:
Air pressure sensor in the front brake circuit
Fault:

FMI 2 Signals from the air pressure sensor in the front loop have values that go
beyond normal limits. Defective air dryer control unit.
FMI 10 High differential pressure in the front and rear circuits. Air leakage in one of
the circuits. Try restarting MID185.

MID 185 PSID 7


Parameter:
Air pressure sensor in the rear brake circuit
Fault:

FMI 2 Signals from the air pressure sensor in the rear loop have values that go beyond
normal limits. Internal malfunction in the air dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

MID 185 PSID 8


Parameter:
Air pressure sensor in the parking brake circuit
Fault:

FMI 2 The signals from the air pressure sensor in the parking brake circuit have
values that go beyond normal limits. Internal malfunction in the air dryer control unit.
Replace air dryer.

MID 185 PSID 10


Parameter:
Solenoid valve setting
Fault:

FMI 13 Internal fault in the air dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

MID 185 PSID 11


Parameter:
Setting pressure sensors
Fault:

FMI 13 Internal fault in the air dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

MID 185 PSID 13


Parameter:
Pressure limiter
Fault:

FMI 2 High air pressure in the parking brake circuit and trailer brake circuit. Pressure
above 10 bar. The air dryer control unit is faulty. Try restarting MID185.

MID 185 PSID 19


Parameter:
Air dryer filter element
Fault:

FMI 0 Pressure not supported 12.5 Bar. Air leaks in the vehicle or trailer system, the
compressor is faulty, the air line between the compressor and the air dryer is blocked.
The air dryer element is completely filled with moisture. Possible defective air dryer.
First replace the filter element. Try restarting MID185.

MID 185 PSID 20


Parameter:
Air dryer filter element.
Fault:
Compressor shutdown pressure 12.5 bar. not achieved for a long time. Air leaks in the
vehicle or trailer system, the compressor is faulty, the air line between the compressor
and the air dryer is blocked. The air dryer element is completely filled with moisture.
Possible defective air dryer. First replace the filter element. Try restarting MID185.
MID 185 PSID 21
Parameter:
Large amounts of condensate in the brake system
Fault:

FMI 0 Compressor shutdown pressure 12.5 bar. not achieved for a long time. Air
leaks in the vehicle or trailer system, the compressor is faulty, the air line between the
compressor and the air dryer is blocked. The air dryer element is completely filled
with moisture. Possible defective air dryer. First replace the filter element. Try
restarting MID185.

MID 185 PSID 22


Parameter:
Compressor activation
Fault:

FMI 0 Pressure not supported 12.5 Bar. Air leaks in the vehicle or trailer system, the
compressor is faulty, the air line between the compressor and the air dryer is blocked.
The air dryer element is completely filled with moisture. Possible defective air dryer.
First replace the filter element. Try restarting MID185.

MID 185 PSID 30


Parameter:
Air pressure in the brake system
Fault:

FMI 0 The pressure in the discharge phase is higher by more than 0.5 Bar. The air
dryer control unit may be faulty. Try restarting MID185.

FMI 1 The air pressure in the brake system is below normal. Air leaks from the brake
system. The actual air pressure in the brake system is different from the pressure
measured by the air dryer control unit. Try restarting MID185.

FMI 2 Internal fault in the air dryer control unit. Replace air dryer.

MID 185 PSID 200


Parameter:
Communication failure by SAE J1939 data link with MID128 engine control unit
Fault:
FMI 9 The MID185 air dryer control unit does not receive signals from the engine
control unit MID128 via data channel SAE J1939. Broken or partial damage to the
wires of the data channel. Between the blocks. The engine control unit may be faulty.

MID 185 PSID 201


Parameter:
Communication failure by SAE J1939 data link with MID144 vehicle control unit
Fault:

FMI 9 The MID185 air dryer control unit does not receive signals from the car control
unit MID144 via data channel SAE J1939. Broken or partial damage to the wires of
the data channel. Between the blocks. Perhaps faulty vehicle control unit.

MID 185 PSID 202


Parameter:
Communication failure by SAE J1939 data link with dashboard control unit MID140
Fault:

FMI 9 The MID185 air dryer control unit does not receive signals over the SAE J1939
data channel from the MID140 dashboard control unit for 5 seconds. Broken or partial
damage to the wires of the data channel. Between the blocks. Perhaps faulty control
unit dashboard.

MID 185 PSID 203


Parameter:
Communication failure by SAE J1939 data link with dashboard control unit MID140
Fault:

FMI 9 The MID185 air dryer control unit does not receive signals via the SAE J1939
data channel from the MID140 dashboard control unit for 50 seconds. Broken or
partial damage to the wires of the data channel. Between the blocks. Perhaps faulty
control unit dashboard.

MID 185 PSID 204


Parameter:
Communication violation by data channel SAE J1939 with braking system control
unit MID136
Fault:

FMI 8 Conflict signals from the control unit of the air dryer MID185 and the control
unit of the braking system MID136. Broken or partial damage to the wires of the data
channel. Between the blocks. Perhaps defective control unit braking system.

FMI 9 Broken or partial damage to the data channel wires. Between blocks. Perhaps
defective control unit braking system.

MID 185 PSID 205


Parameter:
Communication failure by SAE J1939 data link with MID130 transaxle control unit
Fault:
FMI 9 The MID185 air dryer control unit does not receive signals from the MID136
gearbox control unit via data channel SAE J1939. Broken or partial damage to the
wires of the data channel. Between the blocks. The gearbox control unit may be faulty.

MID 185 PSID 208


volvo , trouble codes