CHEMISTRY REPORT

Thermochemical
Enthalpy Change of Neutralization

by: BERNADETTA

INFANTERI BANOWATI XI SCIENCE 1 / 04

SMA NEGERI 2 CIREBON
2010/2011

Preface
Gratitude that I convey to the presence of God, Most Gracious, because thanks to the mercy of this report I could complete as expected. During the finishing writing this report, ranging from preparation to finish, I get a lot of support from other parties. So on this occasion for their assistance and moral encouragement and material I wish to express my respect and deep gratitude to: 1. Mrs. Tuti .S S,Pd as a chemistry teacher. Who have provided guidance. 2. All members of my chemistry group who have helped me in the process of labolatorium work. 3. And all parts involved in this practice.

In preparing this report, I realize there are many disadvantages. Therefore I apologize for all the shortcomings I hope this report will be particularly beneficial for the writer himself and for others in general. Amin.

Cirebon, 13 October 2010

Bernadetta Infanteri Banowati

1. Purpose
To determine enthalpy change ((Hn) with experimental methods, namely experiment an acid-base neutralization reaction (HCl and NaOH)

2. Basic theory
The part of the chemistry that studies the changes of heat or heat a substance that accompanies a reaction or physical and chemical processes called Thermochemistry. Operationally thermochemical pernafsiran related changes of measurement and the heat that accompany the chemical reactions, changes in circumstances, and the formation of condensation. Thermo is a must have, or can be obtained from chemical, but also necessary reactions as a knowledge base for the evaluation of chemical bonding and chemical structure theory knowledge base. The focus of discussion in Thermochemistry is approximately the amount of heat that can be produced by a certain amount of reagents and measurement of heat of reaction. The heat of reaction can be determined through experiments with the calorimeter. The process of measuring the heat of reaction is called calorimetry. data DH response contained in the tables are generally determined by calorimetry. simple calorimetry is to measure changes in the temperature a little water or solvents as a result of a chemical reaction in an isolated container. Plastic is a material nonkonduktor, so the amount of heat absorbed or switching to the environment can be ignored. If a reaction is exothermic, below, heat will be absorbed in its entirety by the solution in the glass. Conversely, if they have been classified as an endothermic reaction, absorbs heat in the vase solution. Thus, the heat of reaction equal to the amount of heat absorbed or released in the Crystal solution. The amount of heat absorbed or released solution can be determined by measuring the change in temperature (Ted Lister and Janet Renshaw, 2000). Since energy is created or destroyed, then:

Qreaction + Qsolution = 0
Standard Enthalpy Change of Neutralization The heat is involved in the process of the reaction of a mole of acidic compounds (H +) with a mol of compound base (OH-). For example the reaction of HCl (aq) + NaOH (aq) of NaCl (aq) + H2O (l) is a mol of acid a mole base neutralization reaction. The hea t involved in this reaction is called H°n. The reaction enthalpy ( H) can be marked positive or negative, depending on the processes that occur. In endothermic reactions, heat moves from the environment to the system, causing the product enthalpy is higher than the enthalpy of the reactants, so that H is positive ( H > 0). In contrast, exothermic reaction, heat moves from system to environment, causing the product enthalpy is lower than the enthalpy of the reactants, so H is negative ( H <0). In the laboratory, the temperature changes that occur due to physical or chemical processes can be measured with a calorimeter. The principle of calculation of the enthalpy

of reaction on t e principle met od t at uses black, t e heat of reaction calorimeter is proportional to the mass reaction of substances, substances that react tothe type, heat and changes in temperature caused by the reaction. Mathematically, the principle of black can be expressed in the following equation:

=m.c. T
Q= heat reaction , m= mass of reacting substances , c= heat type substances , T = temperature changes

The number of moles of a substance that reacts can be calculated with one of the following equation: n= or 
      

n= Molar . Volume (specifically for solution)

unit is the joule per mole or kilojoule per Mole. Relations heat of reaction (Q), the number of moles of the substance reacts (n), and the enthalpy of reaction ( ) can be expressed in the following equation: =

3. Tool and material
Mixer stick Measuring Flask Funnel Beaker glass

Calorimeter

solution of HCl and NaOH

aquades

Pipette

thermometer

4.Work procedures
Creating 1liter HCl, 1M 1. Prepare tools and materials 2. Take a solution of concentrated HCl with the percentage of 36,46% as much as 84,84 ml and input into the measuring flask 3. Dissolve it with concentrated HCl solution until the volume reaches aquades 1liter 4. Shake the solution until evenly mixed Acid-base neutralization reaction to determine (H with experimental method (with calorimeter) 1. Prepare tools and materials 2. Measure the initial temperature of each solution, the solution of NaOH and HCl solution, record the result as the initial temperature of the experiment after the second temperature averaged solution 3. Prepare a 0.1 M NaOH solution as much as 50ml and 50ml of 1M HCl solution also 4. Input into the NaOH solution and prepare a simple calorimeter thermometer on the calorimeter 5. Mix a solution of HCl with NaOH solution that already exists in the calorimeter, stir as she noticed changes in temperature, record the temperature change that is read as the final temperature experiment

5.Observation
From the experiments had been conducted, can provide the following observations: T0 NaOH = 29, 2 oC T0 HCl = 30,4 oC T0 reaction = ½ (29,2 oC + 30,4 oC) = 29,8 oC

T1 reaction = 30,6 oC
(T rection

= ( T1 ± T2 ) = (30,6 oC ± 29,8 oC) = 0.8 oC

6.Calculation
Calculating the volume of HCl that would be diluted to 1liter 1M solution of concentrated HCl producing 36.46% Volume of HCl solution is 1000ml
V = mass of solution : Vol of solution

mass

= V x Vol = 1,18 x 1000 = 1180 grams

Percentage of HCl in solution is 36,46%, so the « Mass of HCl = 36,46% x 1180 = 430, 228 grams M1 of HCl solution = = = 11,787 mol1 M1xVol1 11,787 x Vol1 Vol1 = mol2 x x

= M2 x Vol2 = 1 x 1000 = 1000/11,787 = 84,84 ml

Calculating (Hn of the neutralization reaction of HCl and NaOH HCl 50ml, 1M = 0,05 mol

NaOH 50ml, 0,1M = 0,005 mol HCl + NaOH 0,05 0,005 0,005 0,005
p

NaCl + H2O

DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD

0,045

= V x volume = 1 x 100 = 100

Mass of HCl

qsolution

= m x c x (t = 100 x 4,2 x 0,8 = 336 J

qreaction = -qsolution = -336 J (in 0,045 mol) so, qreaction in 1 mol is... 1mol qreaction = mol x (-336) J

= -67200 J = -67,2 kJ

@(Hn = -67,2 kJ

7.Conclution
From the experiments and calculations have been done, we find that (Hn of the neutralization reaction of NaOH and HCl is -67,2 KJ

References

http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hukum_Hess http://ruzdeeweb.com/search/praktikum+kalor+kalorimeter+dan+perubahan+entalpi+suatu+re aksi http://muniri.com/?s=entalpi+reaksi+dengan+kalorimeter http://www.chem-is-try.org/materi_kimia/kimia-smk/kelas_x/entalpi-dan-perubahan-entalpi/ http://kimia-asyik.blogspot.com/2009/12/penentuan-entalpi-reaksi.html http://andykimia03.wordpress.com/2009/08/29/materi-energi-dan-termokimia/ http://oliviadankimia.blogspot.com/2010/02/termokimia.html