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civil engineering board exam problems

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STEEL DESIGN : A riveted lap joint is as shown, the rivets used are A502, Grade 2, hot-driven with

diameter of 16mm. The steel is ASTM A501, 200 mm wide and 10 mm thick.

I. Bolted Connections : Determine the value of P in all possible modes of failure and the safe value of P that

Problem 1. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 67) the connection can resist.

The single 200 mm x 10 mm steel plate is connected to a 12-mm thick steel plate by

P

four 16 mm diameter rivets. The rivets used are A502, Grade 52, hot driven rivets.

The steel is ASTM A36 with Fy = 248 MPa and Fu = 400 MPa. Determine the value of

P that the connection can resist.

50mm 100mm 50mm

35mm P

The 300 mm wide, 8 mm thick plate is attached to another plate by three 25 mm

diameter A490 bolts whose threads are not excluded from shear planes. The plate is

A36 with Fu = 410 MPa. Determine the safe tensile load P the connection can resist.

P

70mm

80mm

Problem 2. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 70) 80mm

A plate with width of 300 mm millimetres and thickness of 20 millimetres is to be

70mm

connected to two plates of the same width with half the thickness by 25 millimetres

diameter rivets, as shown. The rivet holes have a diameter 2 millimetres larger than

the rivet diameter. The plate is A36 steel with yield strength Fy = 248 MPa.

Allowable tensile stress on net area is 0.60Fy and allowable bearing stress of 1.35Fy.

The rivets are A502, Grade 2, hot driven rivets with allowable shear stress of 150

MPa. P

a.) Determine the maximum load that can be applied to the connection without

exceeding the allowable tensile stress in the plates.

b.) Determine the maximum load that can be applied to the connection without

exceeding the allowable shear stress in the rivets. Problem 5. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 88)

c.) Determine the maximum load that can be applied to the connection without A Plate with width of 400 millimeters and thickness of 12 millimeters is to be

exceeding the allowable bearing stress between the plate and the rivets. connected to a palte of the same width and thickness by 34 millimeters diameter

bolts, as shown. The holes are 2 mm larger than the bolt diameter. The plate is A36

steel with yield strength Fy = 248 MegaPascals. Assume allowable tensile stress on

net area is 0.60Fy. It is required to determine the value of b such that the net with

along bolts 1-2-3-4 is equal to the net width along bolts 1-2-4.

300mm a.) Calculate the value of b in millimetres,

4-16mm Ø

b). Calculate the value of the net area for tension in plates in square millimetres.

c).Calculate the value of P so that the allowable tensile stress on net area will not be

exceeded.

t/2 P/2

t

P/2

60 mm b Problem 9. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 109)

In the connection shown, a load transmits 200 kN load acting at an eccentricity of

Bottom Plate 200 mm. For this problem a=b=250mm. The load is transmitted to the column by

the plates and eight 22-mm diameter rivets. The plates are adequate to transmit the

100 mm

Top Plate

load to the rivets. The connection can be analyzed by replacing the given load with

P 100 mm 150

an equivalent loading composed of a vertical force alone acting through the

100 mm mm

centroid of the rivets and a moment.

200mm

150

mm

75mm

Combined Shear and Tension

Problem 6. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 101) 75mm

Determine the adequacy of the fasteners in the figure when the 22-mm diameter

75mm

A325 bolts are used in a bearing-type connection with threaded excluded from

shear planes. Assume the strength of the column flange and the ST section does not 75mm

govern the strength.

22 mm Ø bolt 250mm

W

ST

4

5

Problem 1. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 145)

Two steel plates, each 350 mm wide and 12 mm thick, are to be joined together by

welded lap splice as shown. The electrode used for the weld has a nominal tensile

strength of 550 MPa.

330 kN a.) Determine the maximum weld size that can be used.

b.) Determine the effective net area of the fillet weld using the maximum weld size

allowed by the code.

Eccentric Shear c.) Determine the maximum load that can be resisted by the weld using the

Problem 8. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 107) maximum weld size allowed by the code.

Determine the shear force on the most stressed fastener in the given figure if P =

1000 kN.

Problem 2. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 146)

A double-angle truss member shown consists of two angles 125mm x 88mm x 10

mm thick with the 125 mm side welded to a gusset plate. The member is to carry a

total tensile force of 848 kN. Using 6-mm fillet weld with E60 electrode, determine

the length of each side fillet weld required for balanced condition. All stees are A36

with Fy=250MPa.

A plate is lapped over and welded to a gusset plate as shown in the figure.

a.) Determine the maximum force per millimeter of weld due to moment alone

acting at the centroid of the weld group.

b.) Determine the maximum force per millimeter of weld due to the given load.

A 100 x 100 x 10 mm angle is to be welded to a gusset plate as shown in the figure. The A-36 steel W6x20 column in the figure is pin connected at its ends and is

The angle carries a load of 185 kN applied along its centroidal axis. The maximum subjected to the axial load P. The column is laterally supported about its weak axis.

size of fillet weld that can be used is 8 mm and the allowable shear stress of 94 MPa. Determine the maximum value of P.

Determine the lengths of the side fillet welds if a transverse fillet weld is added at

the end of the angle. Problem 6. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 179)

Determine the allowable axial load P for the nonstandard shape of the figure below

for an effective length of 3.5m. Use Fy = 248 MPa.

Problem 5. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 153)

A column resting on a baseplate is shown in the figure. The column transmits a Problem 7. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 179)

moment of 78 kN-m to the foundation and the axial load on the column is Determine the allowable axial load P for the nonstandard shape of the figure below

negligible. The moment is transmitted through two angles welded to the column for an effective length of 3.5m. Use Fy = 248 MPa.

flange, then to two anchor bolts. The weld has an allowable stress of 110 MPa and

the allowable stress on the bolt is 150 MPa. Problem 8. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 184)

a.) What is the force that will be transmitted through the anchor bolts? A W14 x 550 is used as a column to carry an axial load of 3600 kN. Design a square

b.) What is the moment acting on the welds? base plate to support a column. The baseplate rests on full area of a square

c). Determine the minimum nominal size of the weld.

concrete compression block with f’c = 21 MPa. Use 36 steel base plate.

Properties :

III. Columns and Other Compression Members

Bf = 514 mm

Problem 1. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 169) D = 437 mm

A wide flange section for a 5 m long column (hinged at both ends) has the following

properties : Problem 9. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 184)

Cross sectional area : 8,000 mm2 Determine the capacity of the 38-mm thick A 36 steel baseplate shown in the figure.

Radius of Gyration, rx = 100 mm The baseplate rests on a 600 mm x 600 mm concrete column. Use f’c = 27 Mpa.

Radius of Gyration, ry = 200,000 MPa

Modulus of Elasticity, E = 200,000 MPa. Determine the Euler critical load of the IV. Beams and Other Flexural Members

column

Problem 1. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 218)

A beam is built-up from the following plates : 450 mm x 20 mm as flanges and 500

Problem 2. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 169) mm x 20 mm as web. All plates are A36 steel with Fy = 248 MPa and the flanges are

A steel column has the following properties : Modulus of Elasticity E = 200,000 MPa, continuously connected to the web by means of fillet welds.

Yield Strength Fy = 200 MPa, length l= 15m, moment of Inertia I = 37.7 x106 mm4

and area = 8,000 mm2. Determine the allowable compressive stress if the column is The beam is simply supported at its ends and laterally supported only at supports.

fixed at both ends. Determine the value of the allowable bending stress for a length of a) 4m b.) 6 m c.)

10 m d.) 16 m.

Problem 3. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 170)

Two A36 L150x90x10 angles are used with a 10-mm gusset plate to create a top

Problem 2. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 222)

chord of a truss. The long legs are back-to-back making the short legs unstiffened

A W24 x 103 is used as a beam that is simply supported at its ends. The properties

elements. Determine the axial load capacity for length of 2 meters.

of the section is as follows :

Problem 4. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 172)

A double angle compression chord member for a truss consists of 2-L200x100x12, d = 623.10mm Ix =1,248,694,000,000 mm4

having short legs back to back in a 10-mm gusset plate. The member is braced in the tw =14.0 mm Sx = 4,008,005 mm4

plane of the truss every 2.13 m, but only at the end of the transverse direction. bf = 228.60 mm rx = 252.74 mm

Assume the two angles are attached together with fully tightened bolts and the tf = 24.90 mm

spacing of the connectors is close enough that the double angle member reaches its A = 19,548.0 mm2 Iy = 49,532,000,000 mm4

maximum axial load strength. Use A50 steel. W = 153.76 kg/m Sy =pp433,350.83

Problem 3. (Gillesania, 2006, 225) mm3

rt = 59.18 mm ry = 50.34 mm

The beam shown in the figure has a length of 9 m and is not restrained against

lateral buckling. The beam is A36 Steel with yield strength Fy = 248 MPa. The Beam

is a W21 x 248 steel shape, whose relevant properties are as follows : a.) Determine the slenderness ratio, above which the beam is long with respect to

lateral buckling

b.) Determine the allowable flexural stress in the compression flange.

W = 369.4 kg/m c.) Determine the maximum value of the moment at the left support.

Area = 46, 968 mm

Depth, d = 603 mm

tw = 27.9 mm Problem 6. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 232)

bf = 50.5 mm A cantilever beam having a 4 m span carries a uniformly distributed load throughout

rt = 87.63 mm its length. The beam is A36 steel with yield strength Fy = 248 MPa. The beam is no

Sx = 9,332.4 x103 mm3 restrained against lateral buckling. The beam is a W 21 x 62 steel shape, whose

relevant properties are:

RT =0.053 m

a.) Determine the bending coefficient due to moment (gradient) acting on the

d = 0.533 m

beam.

bf = 0.21 m

b.) Determine the allowable flexural stress in the compression flange

tf = 0.016 m

c.) Determine the permissible value of moment M.

S = 0.002077 m3

Problem 4. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 227) a.) Determine the slenderness ratio, below which the beam is long with respect to

A simply supported beam with span of 8 m is subjected to a counterclockwise lateral buckling

moment at the left support and a counterclckwise moment at the right support b.) Determine the allowable flexural stress in the compression flange.

equal to 150% of the moment at the left support, both acting in the plane of the c.) Determine the maximum value of the moment at the fixed support.

minor axis of the beam. The beam is not restrained against lateral buckling. The

beam is A36 steel with Fy = 248 MPa. The beam is is W21 x 62 whose relavant

Problem 7. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 232)

properties are: A W8 x 21 beam of A36 steel is used as a roof purlin on a simple span of 4.6 m. The

RT =0.053 m

d = 0.533 m roof slope is 1:3. The beam carries a uniformly distributed load of 7200 N/m that

bf = 0.21 m passes through the centroid of the section. Assuming that the purlin has a full lateral

tf = 0.016 m support provided by roofing above, check the adequacy of the section.

S = 0.002077 m3

Problem 8. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 232)

A W14x500 is used as a beam to support a concrete floor system. The floor is to

a.) Determine the slenderness ratio, below which the beam is short with respect to carry a total load of 250 kPa. The beam is simply supported over a span of 6 m. The

lateral buckling

properties of the section are as follows.

b.) Determine the allowable flexural stress in the compression flange

c.) Determine the maximum value of the moment at the left support. Depth, d = 498 mm

Thickness of web = 56 mm

Moment of Inertia, Ix = 3417 x 10 6 mm4

Problem 4. (Gillesania, 2006, pp 230)

Section Modulus, Sx = 13730 x 106 mm3

A simply supported beam with span of 8 m is subjected to a counterclockwise is

Weight = 7.32 kN/m

subjected to a counterclockwise moment at the left support and a clockwise

moment at the right

Equal to 25 % of the moment at the left support, both acting in the plane of the

minor axis of the beam. The beam is not restrained against lateral buckling. The

beam is A36

RT =0.053 m steel with yield strength Fy= 248MPa. The beam is a W21 x 62 steel

shape whose

d = 0.533 m relevant properties for this problem are:

bf = 0.21 m

tf = 0.016 m

S = 0.002077 m3

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