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Kimono site has info on japanese kimono, japanese clothing, kimono fabrics, patterns and japanese yukata robes. How to tie an obi sash, how to wear yukata robes, make a kimono, wear hakama pants, types of japanese shoes including; zori, geta sandals and tabi socks.
Welcome to Japanese Kimono! Kimono, meaning clothing in Japanese, is perhaps one of Japan's most beautiful treasure. I would like to share with you the beauty of the japanese kimono, kimono fabric and pattern, types of japanese clothing, kimono culture and the history of the Japanese kimono.
The word kimono simply means things to wear and is pronounced kee-mo-no. The plural of kimono is simply kimono. The kimono has had a long history in Japan and the kimono has changed over time to reflect the society and culture of that period. Today, a Japanese woman usually owns only one kimono typically a furosode kimono which is worn for the coming of age ceremony on her 19th birthday. For weddings, the complete bridal kimono and kimono apparel is usually rented. Kimono are also very rarely worn as every day clothing anymore. Occasionally, if you go to a small rural town in Japan or one of small islands like Okinawa, you will see the traditional every day kimono worn by elders. To learn about the kimono history click the next button.
The kimono has had a long history in Japan and the kimono has changed over time to reflect the society and culture of that period. During the Heian period 794-1185, the custom of elaborate layers of colored kimono robes became popular with Japanese women. Jun-hitoe, twelve unlined robes were frequently worn with the sleeve edges and collars showing the shades of each kimono. Persons of the royal court sometimes wore up to sixteen kimono layers. During the
the japanese government curtailed silk production by taxing it to support the military buildup. Cloth from other parts of the world were bought to make the kimono and the clothing. After 1853. In the eighth century. During the Showa period 1926-1989. the US Navy sailed to Tokyo and the beginning of Japan's commercial industry was opened to the Western world. Kimono Fabric History Textiles are perhaps the greatest treasure in Japan's remarkable century old tradition of handicrafts. Over the centuries. Korea and China was presented in bolts of silk and brocade. Kimono and obi colors changed with the season and with the age and status of the wearer. kimono became even more affordable and were produced in greater quantities. Confucianism was adopted and hierarchy became the guiding principle where citizens were ranked based on their class. After World War II. During this time the greatest artistic accomplishments were made with the kimono. but their shape remained the same. the present day Tokyo. . Practicality prevailed and during this period the kosode meaning small sleeve was introduced into the kimono. Europe and America fashion ideas affected the kimono designs and motifs. Although Japanese people continued to wear the kimono for another hundred years. In 1615. Kimono designs became less complex and material was conserved. where the emperor resided to Edo. women began working outside their homes and required different clothing to accommodate their work. military leader Tokugawa moved the capital of Japan from Kyoto. The unmatched skills and refined aesthetic have combined to produce some of Japan's finest treasures. Tokyo suffered a devastating earthquake which leveled most of the homes.Kamakura period of 1185-1133 with the rising influence of the military class and warriors. as Japan's economy gradually recovered. Many of the old kimono were lost at this time. During the Meiji period of 1868-1912. people had no patience or need for elaborate kimono. people began to define their status by their kimono clothing. The japanese have developed it to a level rarely seen elsewhere. The Japanese people developed techniques to compete with the machine woven cloth available from the West. During the Edo period. tribute between Japan and her neighboring countries. the Japanese treasured and studied those textile offerings and began producing their own. the beginning of the end of this practice was near. The Japanese techniques of weaving and dyeing was originally borrowed from Korea and China. During the Taisho period of 1912-1926.
The Kimono Pattern Parts Sodetsuke .back main section Fuki . According to legend. textiles have been revered in Japan. Up to a dozen or more colorful layers of contrasting colored kimono would be worn. the kimono is normally worn with a single layer on top of a slip style undergarment. Formal kimono have free-style designs dyed over the whole surface or along the hem. A single bolt.opening under the sleeve Furi . whether for men or for women regardless of height and weight. This is sufficient to make one kimono. the kimono were worn in multiple layers of different colors.sleeve below the armhole Ushiromigoro . of cloth measures approximately 9 meters in length and 30 centimeters in width.Since ancient times. How to Make a Kimono As the traditional textiles of Japan were made primarily for personal attire. Originally. woven patterns and dyed repeat patterns are considered informal. Today. Customarily. when the angry sun goddess plunged the world into darkness by hiding in a cave. Kimono Pattern The kimono pattern consists of four main strips of fabric.hem gaurd Yuki . what we know today as the kimono determined not only the construction of the weaves and the patterning of the fabric but also the width of the cloth itself.sleeve length Sode-guchi . other divinities enticed her out with a dance of blue and white textile banners. Two patterns form the panels covering the body and two panels for the sleeves.sleeve . Thus kimono fabrics as a rule are sold by the bolt and rarely by the meter.kimono armhole Miyatsukuchi . Additional smaller strips form the narrow front panel and collar. or "tan".sleeve opening Sode .
collar Doura . most formal kimono are made of rayon.upper lining Okumi . the kimono industry is striving to capture the demands by producing kimono of "easy care" casual type fabric. cotton. kimono. How to Wear a Kimono How to Wear a Kimono Traditionally. silk crepes such as cherimen and satin weaves such as rinzu. Below is a step by step basics of how to wear a kimono properly.inner collar The Changing of the Kimono Fabric The formal kimono and obi belts were traditionally made of silk. many eri-sugata gives the formal . Today.sleeve pouch Eri .lower lining Tomoeri . women just wear the collar called because it is much cooler and still appearance. Today.front inside panel Maemigoro . polyester and other synthetic fibers except for the traditional wedding kimono. Kimono Under Garments An under garment like a slip is worn under the kimono with the collar showing beneath the pieces full slip is called juban. cotton sateen. there are also kimono schools that teach the proper techniques of how to wear a kimono. Due to production costs. silk brocade.Tamoto . The two Today. limited availability of skilled weavers and craftsman and the consumers economic and "easy care" demand. the art of wearing a kimono is passed from mother to daughter.over collar Uraeri .front main panel Susomawashi .
. For both men and women. For both men and women. then overlap it with the left side. 5. 3. the traditional obi belt is actually comprised of many belts. Put on the kimono. How to Tie an Obi Sash and Belt Contrary to belief. 6. 4. always wrap the right side of the kimono over the body. It is difficult to bend to put on socks after the full kimono and belt is on. Cross the belt in the back and tie it in the front. As you hold the extra material above your waist. Adjust the white slip collar to show evenly around the neck just under the kimono collar as shown in the above pictures. Bring down the excess material to cover the belt. Straighten out the excess material to the side so that the front and the back of the kimono are smooth. 4. Pull up the kimono material so the length of the kimono is at the ankle.How to Wear a Kimono Instructions 1. then overlap it with the left side. 1. an alternative is to wear only the white collar that goes around the neck called the eri-sugata. put on white tabi socks first. Right on top of the left is only used to dress a corpse for burial. Put on the undergarment slips called juban consisting of a white cotton top and skirt. The length of the kimono is always adjusted which is why there are only a few lengths made by the manufacturer. 7. Always. See our obi section to learn how to tie the different types of belts over the kimono and the next step to wearing a kimono. making sure the back seam is centered. Below are instructions on how to tie each belt over the kimono. Right on top of the left is only used to dress a corpse for burial. 2. After you have put on your kimono per the steps shown on the page How to Wear a Kimono. 2. Don't worry if the kimono is too long for it is supposed to be. Today. 5. tie the koshi-himo belt below the excess material. wrap the right side of the kimono over the body. 3.
It is worn both with the kimono and the summer kimono "yukata". many are not casual looking at all. Formal obi belts are made of a brocade or tapestry weave. Casual obi are not made of silk and do not have the elaborate silk brocade embroidered patterns. materials and some newer styles even have velcro. nylon or wool. Below is information on pre-tied obi belts and how to tie your own butterfly bow. twill. chirimen. another person will tie the belt for you. The obi-jime is the last belt tied around the obi belt as shown in the picture above. Although called casual.6. The main difference between the formal obi and the casual obi is the material. The more pattern. the more formal is the basic rule. an obi completely covered in its entirety with woven or embroidered design are now normally worn by a bride. Take the date-jime belt and wrap it around your waist covering the koshihimo belt. The belt is available in a variety of styles. The width is folded in half and the obi is wrapped twice around the waist and then tied in the back. cotton. There are many styles of different ties that can be made with the belt. gauze weaves. They are are usually made of satin. The excess kimono fabric should hang evenly below the belt so that the fabric is seen as shown in the picture above. The traditional long obi can be very difficult to tie depending on the style of bow made. Today. 1) Koshi-Himo Sash The koshi-himo belt is the first belt tied around the waist. Many times. The koshi-himo belt shown here is made of tyedyed silk. Tie the date-jime belt in the front leaving the overlapping kimono fabric visible below. . Casual Obi Sash Obi for casual wear may be as narrow as 10 centimeters or as wide as 30 centimeters. Formal Obi Belts A woman's formal obi is usually 4 meters long and 60 centimeters in width.
2. 5.com. Position the obi fabric so that about 50 cm of the belt is in your left hand and wrap it once more around the waist. Fold the long bottom end in half or twice to get the size bow you want. Any excess portion of the belt should be hidden underneath.Jime The obi-jimi is a braided cord tied on top of the obi. . take the end that is over your shoulder and wrap it around the center of your folded piece several times. 2) Obi . 1. The tied bow shape is called cho cho for the bow resembles the butterfly. thus giving it the name butterfly obi. Butterfly Obi Belts This obi is a pre-tied belt that gives the impression of the complicated tied obi but is very simple to put on. The belt consists of two pieces. Place the long obi fabric around the waist with the ends toward the front. You can find butterfly obi belts at JapaneseGifts. 3. The finished bow will look as the yellow portion of the picture shown above (basically a single tied bow).2) Date-Jime Belt The date-jime belt is the second belt tied around the kimono covering the first koshi-himo belt. it comes in a variety of colors and the color is chosen to compliment the obi. This end is the actual right and left side of the bow. 4. To tie the bow yourself. You will now have one shorter end towards the top and one long end hanging down. Because the obi-jime is visible. To make the center tie that holds the bow together. The bow has a wire hanger to insert into the wrapped around belt. The belt is 5 feet in length and 6 inches in width The belt is wrapped twice around the waist and tucked under. Overlap the ends of the obi toward the front so that it crosses over and tie the belt once with the right end over the left. Tie your Own Butterfly Obi Below are instructions on how to tie a single tie butterfly obi by yourself with a long traditional belt. the bow will be tied in the front and the obi belt will be twisted after it is done so the bow is in the back. the wide belt and the bow. Twist the tie so that the short end goes over your right shoulder.
gray or brown with contrasting designs. Kimono with scenes and motifs include. the kimono is worn with a kaku or heko obi belt. Men's Japanese Kimono Men's Kimono Kimono were traditionally worn by men as daily wear clothing. but today they are usually only worn for festivals. For more information about the belts. koi and masculine designs and generally are conservative in color. The kimono comes from the manufacturer with a matching sash belt. They are either called kaku or heko. like women's can can range from simple to elaborate patterns. The kaku obi is about 3. black. The sleeves for men's kimono are are completely sewn closed under the arm in comparison with the open underarm sleeve on women's kimono. The soft obi sash is called a heko obi and is normally free flowing and made of tye-dyed fabrics. . The kimono background color is usually blue.6.5 inches in width and made of cotton. Mens Obi Belts There are two main types of men's obi belts used with men's kimono and summer kimono (yukata). For special occasions. Popular kimono patterns include dragons. The underarm portion is called tamoto in Japanese. bamboo canes or geometric patterns. Turn the belt around toward your back. special occasions and as kimono robes. Men's kimono. The stiff belt as shown above and are called kaku obi. kanji symbols. dragons. please see the obi belts page. ceremonies.
Japanese Shoes and Japanese Sandals The two basic types of japanese sandals or japanese shoes is the geta and the zori. Geta Sandals The geta sandal was termed geta because of the "clack clack" sound they made when walking. Click next to learn about the zori japanese sandal. there are many other types of geta sandals including those made of vinyl. Japanese sandals and shoes come in a variety of colors and styles. purses and japanese hair combs to match the exact pattern of the kimono to complete the ensemble. The length of the kimono is normally adjusted to hang just at the ankle displaying both the japanese shoes and socks. red and black being the most popular. However. Right on top of the left is only used to dress a corpse for burial.To wear a kimono. wrap the right side of the kimono over the body. Geta sandals are any sandal with a separate heel. . geta japanese shoes and the japanese tabi socks. Japanese manufacturers now make japanese sandals. The wooden geta sandal is the most well known by Americans for the beautiful pictures seen of geisha women. then overlap it with the left side.
Geta sandals are not easy for some people to walk on and takes practice to walk correctly. The odori tabi socks which people call the tabi boot or the stretch tabi socks. . Tabi . making the person lean forward with each step.Wooden geta have a slightly tapered front heal.Tabi Boots. Tabi .Tabi Boots Tabi or also called tabi boots are called odori. The vinyl geta is the most popular geta worn for formal occasions with the kimono. Tabi Socks Tabi Tabi or also called tabi boots or tabi socks are a japanese sock that have a split in the sock for the large toe so that they may comfortably be worn with sandals. The thongs are normally made of velvet or vinyl and come in a variety of colors. The geta sandals shown on the right have a separate heel thus are called geta. There are two basic types of tabi.
The tabi are popular among traditional japanese dancers and theater artists. The vinyl sole bottom of the tabi protects their feet since japanese shoes are not normally worn during performances. the odori tabi socks are difficult to maintain because they must be hand washed and line dried so they will not shrink. Made of 100% nylon.com. However. Wedding Kimono the Japanese Wedding Dress The traditional white japanese wedding kimono is called shiro-maku.Tabi Socks Stretch tabi socks are the newest rage in japanese socks. can be machine washed and are quick to put on. For quality Japanese tabi socks visit JapaneseGifts. The white wedding kimono is worn for the wedding ceremony and an elaborate rich patterned silk brocade kimono called uchikake is worn over the white kimono at the wedding reception. They have several sizes and available in either white or black.Odori tabi socks are made of cotton and have a vinyl sole bottom with clasps on the back. The light weight stretchy fabric makes them very comfortable. The term tabi boot was coined by westerners for the sock goes past the ankle and resemble boots. Stretch tabi socks are the most versatile and most commonly worn tabi when worn with japanese sandals. Tabi . the stretch tabi basically comes in two sizes and are easy to fit any person. Shiro meaning white and maku meaning pure. just like American socks. Odori tabi socks are purchased to the exact fit of the persons foot. The wedding kimono actually consists of two different kimono. .
the happi coat has also taken on a new use as a "robe". The kimono is made of silk and silk brocade. Today. happi coats are still used by some shop keepers. however happi coats are widely used for Japanese festivals. The bride carries a small purse style sack called hakoseko and a small encased sword called kaiken. A white wedding hood called tsuno kakushi is meant to hide two front golden "tsuno" or horns during the wedding ceremony to symbolize obedience. the uchikake is embellised with scenes of flowers. Happi Coat & Japanese Festival Clothing Happi coats originated as Japanese over coats traditionally worn by shop keepers. While red is the most popular color for the uchikake kimono. The happi has become very popular for use as beach robes. JapaneseWeddingFavors. Like American weddings. In the past decade. pines. Happi coats and happi robes come in a variety of colors and designs from a simple . Today. cranes. In a traditional Japanese wedding. The bridal kimono is sometimes handed down in the family or made into futon bedding later in life.The bright and colorful uchikake kimono originated in the Edo era and originally only worn by court nobles. Lastly. the term happi is used for any short or mid-length clothing. Manufacturers now make short versions of the traditional yukata and kimono solely for use as a short robe. night attire and bath robes for they are very attractive. parties and sushi restaurants.com carries a wonderful selection of Japanese wedding favors. The short robe is called a happi. there are traditional wedding accessories that are worn for tradition and are said to bring good luck. there are many different colors available from a stunning imperial purple to sea green. shop name or emblem was printed on the back of the coat. the brides hair is also styled in the traditional hair style called bunkintakashimada and adorned with beautiful gold combs and accessories called kanzashi. wedding presentation ideas and information on Japanese wedding and Japanese wedding traditions. a fan is worn in the obi belt for tradition holds that the gradual widening of the open fan implies happiness and thus brings a happy future. The family crest. flower carts or nature motifs. Rich in fine embroidered patterns.
All images and text © JapaneseKimono. others have an imprinted scenery or they are a solid print of one or two colors. Happi coats used mainly for Japanese festivals are called a matsuri happi coats meaning "festival" coat. The chefs happi coat is much like the traditional coat except it has a small belt that ties inside the coat.com and cannot be used without written permission . Matsuri happi coats are traditionally worn over a t-shirt with shorts or pants. Japanese restaurants use a special chefs happi coat called a hippari. Short sleeved happi coats called a "taiko happi coat" are used at japanese festivals by taiko drummers.single color fabric with a small embroidered symbol to an elaborate four color printed design. Some have a kanji symbol on the back. The happi coats come in a variety of styles and colors both imprinted or plain.
com and cannot be used without written permission .NEXT All images and text © JapaneseKimono.
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