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Cover Story Fgue 4. Four increments nan Abagus FEA simulator of subsidence 2 hypothetical, ciseayes over fon ears. ve eas denote greatest downward aplaceent of he surace ‘ne carer exami tom En santa jt 300,000 degrees of heeom. erancements model set and automaton now alon te ring of age fa-sat moa wth alone oF DOF injust'a ew nous ack ute ot pletred hee can be incised sma. [Geomechanics group af En ft orig) Catena {Gapasse, Anna Gora Stefano Marten, Marco gr, Gers Velen, Sia Moraco, and Francesca Bataza With the goal of streaming ths process, Eni teamad with SIMULIA in a two-year R&D cotaboration, the rasuts of which were presented at the 2011 SIMULIA Customer Conforonca in Barcolona, Spain, “SIMULIA worked closely with Us to develop new features in Abaqus that definitely change the approach to gomachanical reservoir smulation by allowing a completely automated worklow,” says Monaco. “Now we can build a geomechanical modi in only four ‘wooks: We obtained an improved efficiency ‘compara to the previous process in ‘to1ms of elaosed ime needed to set up an analysis. Moreover, the new Rteative solver implementation provides a strong reduction in computational times ard memory usage ‘that further speeds uo the execution of the study." Tho now worktlow (S09 Figure 3} automatos the transfer of cata from ECLIPSE into ‘Abagus and speads the subsequent FEA model set-up, expancing the flow-convic view ofa feld-scale reservoir into a much Ficher 3D pole of flov-plus-subsidence ‘ver time, This involves the folowing steps: + A translator establishes a link betwoon ECLIPSE and Abagus, All the Information from the reservoir model (grid, properties, and pressure) is ‘automatically populated into the FEA model n the form of ata that can be Used forthe geomechanical analys's. For ‘examplo, ECLIPSE colls are designated either as gas, ol, or water according to the percentage of tid saturation they hold: in the Abaqus model the cloments that are automaticaly derived ‘rom these colls can be assigned as 14 SIMULIA Community News May/June 2012 many as $00 cferent material property defintions. ECLIPSE pressure history descriptions are also translated into ‘Abaquis pore pressure values, These values are essential for calculating the change inthe ofoctve stress in the reser. Abacus mashing tools ‘automatically fst the elements and nodes @s needed end perform upscaling, ‘a process that condenses tho sizo of the FEA model by merging horizontal rows of ebments while maintaining the vertical zones {vnore cil data has already been collected), which are more relevant to subsidence prediction. + Burdon regions over, under, and tothe sides ofthe ol reservoir are created in Abaqus to extend the analysis to tho torain bayond the reservoir as the petroleum is pumped out. + Once the models sot up, results from ‘an inital elastic run aro used to update the plastity values ‘sine rock behavior is elasto-plastic to make the models more realistic. Tho smulatons are thon run overtime increments so preditions an oxtand ovor many yoars from the year 2018 to 2020 to 2024 to 2028, as ‘00nin Figure 4} New geomechanical models provide greater predictability “We now have logical scheme for easily and automaticaly executing all the stops required for creating and running our geomechanical models,” says Monaco. “Is significant improves our eficency interns of user time inthe preprocessing stage. Our analyses are now maasurably more precise." ‘Such precision is helping Eni better serve thoi energy customers in developing strategies for ensuring sustainable oland {gas prodktion for the long term. “The increased qualty ofthe results ‘we've obtained with the new Abacus lmplemantations alows for a highly ‘accurate and predictive envronmental analysis.” says Monaco. “This is a key point for a sustainable devaloomont of Italy’ hydrocarbon reservors. Moreover, ‘ae a result of tho cutback in computational times, alarger number of studies can also bbe performed intornaly, thus strengthening ‘the Ink between gaomachancal engincars ‘and the team in charge of the geological ‘and reservoir model construction,” In the near future, the Eni team plans to tumits attention to a comprenansiva integration ofthe huge quantities of doformation measuremonte thoy’ vo ‘acquired at ctferent scales and through different methodologies. “The automatic calbraton ofthe rock properties of a geomechanical model wil allow for this,” says Monaco. ‘Isgnt process automation ‘and optimization software from SIMULIA could be a proper tool for obtaining resus.” For More Information