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10/11/2011

CANCER
CELLULAR BASIS OF
CANCER

 Grow & Divide with NO Restraint

Do NOT Differentiate

Cancer Metastasis

•Spread to other organs

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Cancer Tumor
(Types)

1. Benign – Non cancer

2. Malignant - Cancer

Cancer & Heredity
Tendency to Develop Cancer

Breast
Stomach
Colon
Uterus
Prostate
Lung
Blood

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Cancer & Environment

• Chemicals

• Radiation

• Viruses

CANCER Causes

• Chemicals

• Smoking

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CANCER Causes
Radiation
1. Carcinogenic:
- X-Ray
- UV light
- Radioactive elements
2. Non- Carcinogenic:
- Ultrasound
- Microwave Ovens

CANCER Causes

VIRUSES --- Oncogenic ones:

i.e. Herpes virus

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CANCER
Staging – Extent of Spread
Stage I -- Primary Site

Stage II

Stage III – Adjacent Spread

Stage IV – Distant Spread

Grading of CANCER
Degree of Malignancy

I. Grade I – Mildly Undifferentiated

II. Grade II – Moderately Undifferentiated

III. Grade III – Severely Undifferentiated

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CANCER
Prognosis -- Outcome

CANCER Treatment

Remission:
- Relapse
- Cure

Cancer Treatment
 Surgery

 Radiation

 Chemotherapy

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CANCER
Early Detection
1. Palpation
2. Endoscopy
3. X-Ray: Mammography
4. Chemical Tests
5. Pap Smear –
Cervical Cancer

CANCER
7 Warning Signals
1. Change in Bowel or Bladder Habits
2. A Sore that Does Not Heal
3. Unusual Bleeding
4. Thickening of Lump in Breast or Elsewhere
5. Indigestion or Difficulty Swallowing
6. Obvious Change in Wart or Mole
7. Nagging Cough or Hoarseness

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