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10/11/2011

DIABETES

Genetic Predisposition

Failure of Insulin Production

DIABETES

TYPE I TYPE II
Insulin Dependent Non Insulin
Juvenile Diabetes Adult Onset

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Diabetes Type I
• Occurs early in life
(child – Adulthood)
• Pancreas fails to produce Insulin
• Treatment – Insulin + Diabetic
Diet
• Genetic predisposition – 5 %
Increased Risk

Diabetes Type II

• Adult Onset ( Middle Age)

• Decreased Insulin Production

• Treatment – Oral Hypoglycemics
+ Diabetic Diet

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TESTS for Diabetes

1. Hemogluco-test ----------- Finger
prick
2. Test Tape -------- Urine Test
3. HbA1C ----------- Blood Sugar
Test

Blood Sugar Levels
Normal Blood Sugar: 80 – 120

Hyperglycemia – Elevated
Blood Sugar
Hypoglycemia – Low Blood
Sugar

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Symptoms of Hyperglycemia
1. Spillage of Sugar in Urine
2. Increased Urination
3. Increased Thirst
4. Loss of Appetite
5. Abdominal Pain
6. Vomiting

Symptoms of Hyperglycemia
Hunger
Dizziness
Blurring of Vision
Tachycardia
Sweating
Headache

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Complications of Diabetes

1. Skin
2. Sight
3. Hemodynamic Problems
4. Kidney Problems

CURE OF DIABETES

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