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Academic Update Co-simulation of Two-phase Flow in an M-shaped Subsea Piping Component Component na subsea podton -systom require diffrent types of pipelines, such as a jumper (a short U-shaped section of pipe to connect one pipetne to another), to transport fds Tho internal tow in pipes invokes an interaction between thid and structure, Which i important to understand since thee interaction can generate high amplitude vibrations, also known as “flow-induced vibration." Consequently, these vibratons can result in fatigue damage of the structure, Ths phenomenon has become ‘a great concer in the oll & gas industy whore subsea jumpers are exposed to ths type of voration whan tansperting production id. The industry is curently putting a lt of fort into investigating vibration-induced fatigue cases to prevent negative effects on revenue, production, lenvronmental safety and health, Production fd flowing through subsea components is usually a mixture of cl, gas, and water. When a gas and liquid lowe through a pipe, a potential slg flow is formed, and consequently this generates Vibration issues inthe structure. A slug ‘san intermittent flowin which long gas bubbles are separated by chunks of quia causing large pressure fhictuations and conosion. The amplitude of the vibrations ineraases and creates a potential isk Of fare ofthe pipe when the natural frequency ofthe structure is close to the ‘requency of the slugs as they ave ‘transported along the papel. To assess the impact of this type of flow in ‘he structure, Leonardo Chica, a researcher at the College of Technology. University fof Houston, conducted an analysis of the ‘Wuctuation of stress with time to predict the number of cyoles that the jumper ccan withstand without fale, The best option to represent this fhid-structure interaction problem isto perform a two- way coupling simulation or co-simulation between Abaqus and a computational Nid dynamics (CFD) program, such as CD- adapco’s STAR-COM +. In this process, the pressure ‘luctuations are exported ftom the (CFD tool into Abaqus, and then Abaqus computes the stresses and displacements These alsclacoments are exported sack to the CFD program and the cyole starts again. Both programs run simuttancously and exchange data at each tme step. 20. SIMULIA Community News May/June 2012 Fig 1. Sup travetng in vrs! scton of o-ben model To set up the analysis, we imported the CAD model and then extracted the natural ‘requencies in Abaqus. Nex, the simulation ‘was set up in the CFD program with the appropriate mesh and physics, and the ‘co-smulation was iiated to communicate the CFD code to Abaqus. After intiakzing the solution with 60% air and 50% water, ‘the results showed that inagular slugs are developed atthe vertical section of ‘a two-bend model Slug requency was {eterminod to be 1.0417 Hz (00 Figure 1), wiich is close to the fundamental natural ‘requency (1.078 Hz, so amplitude of the vibrations could be intensified and the fatigue Ife ofthe jumpor might bo reduced In this case, the co-simulation results of the von Mises stress vs. ime graph obtained in Abaqus show a sinusoidal pattorn with a response frequency of 0.167 He. Based fon the materials S-N curve, fatigue lie fs infinite foelow the ftigue fit curve, de to the smal strass range, and the two- bend structure can withstand cyclic loading from the pressure fluctuations of the two- phase flow. In this intial investigation, only water-ar mixture was simulatod to understand the behavor of ths two-phase flow and {to dotormine tho response in the jumpor For future work, oil-ges-water fow will be ‘simulated and analyzad to compare with ‘experimentalresuts. The Fluid-Structure Interaction FSI) analysis should also be ‘extended to inclide the entire jumper model in order to draw sold conclusions about fatigue damage his type of FSI co-simulation is becoming mote valuable in sunsea enginaering to understand how the intemal or external low alects the fatigue lie of subsea components. ‘The Abaaus co-simulation capability for FSI allows the user to perform a co-simulation bbotwaen Abacus and thi party software, such as STAR-COM+., One of the advanced features of Abaqus isto porform either a ono- ‘way coupling or two-way coupling simulation depending on the magntude of the cisplacements, This selection would be made (on a case-by-case basis to achieve a balance bbotween computational cost and accuracy ‘ofthe results Ether way, co-simulation for FSlis rapidly becoming a requirement in the ‘subsea industry to provide greater retail, safety, and performance in complex subsea systems, For More Information ds com/SCN-June2012,