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PROCEDURES FOR PRE PARTICIPATION EXAMINATION LAB

FOR EACH MEMBER OF YOUR GROUP, COMPLETE EACH OF THE FOLLOWING TASKS. RECORD YOUR
OBSERVATIONS AND MEASUREMENTS IN YOUR DATA CHART.

STATION 1: HEIGHT AND WEIGHT

HEIGHT: HAVE ATHLETE STAND WITH BACK AND HEELS AGAINST THE WALL COVERING THE TAPE
MEASURE. RECORD THE MEASUREMENT ON THE TAPE MEASURE THAT CORRESPONDS TO
THE TOP OF THE ATHLETE’S HEAD.

WEIGHT: HAVE ATHLETE STAND ON THE SCALE. RECORD WEIGHT (LBS.)

STATION 2: HEART RATE AND BLOOD PRESSURE

HEART RATE: PLACE YOUR 1​ST​,2​ND​ AND 3​RD​ FINGERS ON THE ATHLETE’S RADIAL ARTERY. FEEL
THE PULSE. COUNT THE NUMBER OF BEATS FOR 30 SECONDS. MULTIPLY THAT NUMBER BY 2
TO COMPUTE BEATS PER MINUTE (bpm).

BLOOD PRESSURE: HAVE THE ATHLETE SIT COMFORTABLY RESTING THE LEFT ARM ON A DESK.
USE THE SPHYGNOMOMETER AND STETHESCOPE. RECORD BLOOD PRESSURE RESULTS
(SYSTOLIC/DIASTOLIC)

STATION 3: PATELLAR TENDON REFLEX

HAVE THE ATHLETE SIT WITH KNEES BENT OVER THE EDGE OF THE TABLE. USING THE REFLEX
HAMMER, TAP THE PATELLAR TENDON. RECORD YOUR OBSERVATIONS (+ IF THE KNEE
EXTENDS, - IF THE KNEE DOES NOT EXTEND)

STATION 4: FLEXIBILITY

HAMSTRINGS: HAVE THE ATHLETE LIE SUPINE. ASK HIM/HER TO PERFORM A STRAIGHT LEG
RAISE WITH THE RIGHT LEG WHILE THE LEFT LEG STAYS ON THE GROUND. RECORD
OBSERVATIONS. REPEAT WITH THE LEFT LEG. (+ IF THE LEG RAISE IS 90 DEGREES ABOVE THE
FLOOR OR MORE, - IF LESS THAN 90 DEGREES

SHOULDERS: ​To test your left shoulder flexibility, stand and raise your right arm straight up
overhead. Bend your right elbow and let your right palm rest on the back of your
neck and slide it down your back and between your shoulder blades. Reach behind
you with your left hand so the back of your hand rests on the middle of your back.
Now slide your right hand down and your left hand up to try to touch the fingers of
both hands. Measure the minimum distance between the fingertips of the right and
left hand. Record any overlap as well. Switch your hands to perform the test on the
opposite shoulder.

Shoulder Flexibility Test Results Excellent​ ​=
Fingers overlap
Good = Fingers touch
Average = Fingers are less than two inches apart
Poor = Fingers are more than two inches apart

STATION 5: VISION (SNELLEN CHART)

Stand at the twenty foot line and cover your left eye, so you can only see out of your right
eye. Starting from the top, read each row from left to right for as far down as you can still
make out the letters. Note the last line on which you could correctly identify every letter.
Have an assistant verify that you are reading the letters correctly.
Repeat the test with your left eye, covering your right eye this time. Note the last row you could read
with complete accuracy. The row for each eye will not necessarily be the same.
Take note of the fraction shown to the left of each row: It identifies how your vision rates. For
example, if you could read to the fifth line, you have 20/40 vision; if you could read to the
seventh line, you have 20/25 vision.
Look at your results to determine the ​quality​ of your eyesight. For example, someone with 20/60
vision can read at 20 feet away what a person with normal vision could read at 60 feet away.
In the United States, a score of 20/40 or better is required to drive a car without corrective
lenses, vision of 20/200 or worse qualifies an individual as legally blind.

STATION 6: VISION (PEARL)
HAVE THE ATHLETE CLOSE BOTH EYES. HOLD A PENLIGHT 4-6 INCHES FROM THE ATHLETE’S
RIGHT EYE. ASK THE ATHLETE TO OPEN ONLY THE RIGHT EYE. OBSERVE THE MOVEMENT OF
THE PUPIL. REPEAT THE PROCEDURE WITH THE LEFT EYE. RECORD YOUR OBESERVATIONS.
LAB: PRE-PARTICIPATION EXAM(ANALYSIS AND CONCLUSION)

ANALYSIS:

1. For each of your group members, was his/her pulse rate within normal range? Give evidence to
support your answer
2. For each of your group members, was his/her blood pressure within normal range? Give
evidence to support your answer
3. For each of your group members, was his/her reflex reaction within normal range? Give
evidence to support your answer
4. For each of your group members, was his/her pupillary response within normal range? Give
evidence to support your answer
5. For each of your group members, was his/her visual acuity within normal range? Give evidence
to support your answer
6. For each of your group members, was his/her flexibility within normal range? Give evidence to
support your answer

CONCLUSION:

In paragraph form, answer the following:

1. Was your hypothesis supported? Give evidence to support your answer.
2. Explain any experimental errors that may have affected your results.
3. Do you believe that a pre-participation exam is necessary for someone who is going to start an
exercise program or participate in an athletic activity? Support your answer.

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