Urban Design • Integration functions of Urban Design • The image of the city and the implication of urban design

• Guidelines to the responsive environment • Guidelines to the appra isal in terms of urban design objectives Case studies

The integrating function of Urban Design • Important role in giving the visual form of the city to be seen, remembered and to be delighted with •City is not only an object but rather a product of many builders which it is cons tantly been modified for the reason of their own •The urban design not only covers the urban structure but rather it covers the mov ing elements in a city, in particular the people and their activities Urban Design Case studies

The transport facilities for people and vehicles to move around Urban Design Case studies

motion or polarization of re by taking the advantage used of sense esia Urban Design Case studies an important as visual plays the importan the city •The cues that can aid in making are by the used of visual sensations of lights as well as others •Other methods a such as smell. shape.•The aspect of clarity and legibility is t role in giving the first impression of the visual quality of a city successful color. touch and kinesth . sound.

The key physical elements are important i n the urban context in making a particular city successfully response to the env ironment: path. node and districts.The Image of the City and the Implication of Urban Design Building the image: Environmental images are the result of a two-way process bet ween the observer and his environment. landmarks. . edges.

Structure and Identity Environmental image may be analyzed into three components: identity. These three components in directly related to each other and appear together. practically or emotionally Urban Design Case studies . • A workable image requires the identifications of the object or identity • Must also include the spatial relation to the surrounding object • Must have the meaning to the observer. structure a nd meaning.

Imageability / Legibility •Legibility is a quality in a physical object which gives it a high probability of evoking a strong image in any given observer. powerfully structured and highly useful mental images of the environment Urban Design Case studies . color. or arr angement. •Likewise. •What can contribute to the success ful of the legibility of a certain urban area is by the use shape. this will facilitates in making the urban vividly identified.

PERMEABILITY The number of alternative ways through an environment and also the choices offer for people Urban Design Case studies .Guideline to responsive environment 1.

Guidelines: The number of accessibility offer include spaces for public and priv ate spaces Control the number of choice of route offer to ensure the right of privacy of ce rtain places The alternative routes offers should be visible to everyone or in o ther terms visual permeability Urban Design Case studies .

Guideline to responsive environment 2. The elements of variety in the en vironment will facilitate and unlocks other levels of variety. USES PEOPLE FORMS MEANINGS OF VARIETY Urban Design Case studies . VARIETY The diversity of choices of offers.

Guidelines: The purpose of promoting variety is to increase choices Choices also depends on mobility Not merely achieved by dumping an activities but also it has to work wellmutual support The time elements Feasibility Urban Design Case studies .

LANDMARKS. physical form and activity patterns. The aspect that contribute in making a pla ce legible is the 5 key physical elements. EDGES. The elements must be patterned and structured together Urban Design Case studies . LEGIBILITY The quality that makes a place graspable. PATH. DISTRI CT.Guideline to responsive environment 3. Legibility is important at two levels. NODES.

occasionally or potentially moves Predominant elements in the urban design and also giving th e image of the urban layout Concentration on the special use or activity along t he street may give it prominence in the minds of the observer Urban Design Case studies .Guidelines: PATH The channel along which the observer customarily.

Guidelines: EDGES The linear elements not considered as path Usually the edges a re the boundaries of an area Directional qualities The effect is reinforced by the concentration of paths and the activities along its extent Urban Design Case studies .

degree of maintenance and topography. activity. symbols. use. The physical character istics that determine districts area thematic continuities which may constitute of an endless variety of components: texture. Urban Design Case studies .Guidelines: DISTRICTS The relatively large city areas which the observer can men tally go inside of and which have some common characters. detail. buil ding type. form. inhabitants. space.

or concentrations of some characteristics Conceptual ly small points in the city image but in reality may be large square or up to th e extent of a district Urban Design Case studies .Guidelines: NODES The strategic foci into which the observer can enter typically either junctions or paths.

area simple physical elements which may vary widely Key physical characteristi cs of this class is singularity.Guidelines: LANDMARKS The point references considered to be external to observer . unique and memorable in the context Easily iden tified Location of the landmark Urban Design Case studies .

offer their users more choic e than places whose design limits them to a single fixed use.Guideline to responsive environment 4. Urban Design Case studies . ROBUSTNESS Place that can be used for many different purposes.

Guideline to responsive environment 5. VISUAL APPROPRIATENESS Important in the place which are most likely to be frequented by people from a w ide variety of different background Mostly important in the more public spaces o f the scheme Urban Design Case studies .

Guidelines: Supporting its legibility. in terms of form and use Supporting its variety Supporting its robustness at both large and small scale. Urban Design Case studies .

Sense of sme ll iii. Sense of motion ii.Guideline to responsive environment 6. Sense of hearing iv. Sense of touch Urban Design Case studies . RICHNESS Variety of sense-experiences which users can enjoys Not purely visual matter but other senses also have design implications: i.

To improve practical facilities ii. PERSONALISATION Users to personalize the existing environments This is the only way most people can achieve an environment which bears the stam p of their own tastes and values Users personalize in two ways: i.Guideline to responsive environment 7. To change the image of the place Urban Design Case studies .

Natural features: Landscape setting Hydrology Water run-off Microclimate Orie ntation of sun slope Urban Design Case studies .Guidelines to the appraisal in terms of urban design objectives 1.

Human impact: Boundary within urban space Identify the pollution Identify noi se and other hazards Historical and cultural characteristics The way local peopl e live Urban Design Case studies .Guidelines to the appraisal in terms of urban design objectives 2.

Building and structure: What is the local architectural style Façade. texture a nd color Rhythm and patterns Urban Design Case studies .Guidelines to the appraisal in terms of urban design objectives 3.

Guidelines to the appraisal in terms of urban design objectives 4. Continuity and enclosure: Buildings lines should have the continuity with the surrounding The gap and the side Enclosure to enhance he feeling of space Activ e frontage Urban Design Case studies .

Ease and movement: Study the public transport root and stop at the area Poten tial area to be developed The pedestrian routes and routes choices Urban Design Case studies .Guidelines to the appraisal in terms of urban design objectives 5.

1982. The Image of the City. S ustainable Urban Design. London. US. 2002.References • Kevin Lynch. Spon Press. • Randall Thomas. Urban Design Case studies . Harvard College.

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