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Instructions

1. It should be typed in word document(.docx)


2. Total no. of pages : 15 (Except the Annexure, First page, reference). Single spacing
Font: Times New Roman , Size: 12. (Back to back printout to be taken)
3. Total no. of pages(15) doesn’t include Figure, tables, formula etc. These should be
given at the end as Annexure. But every figure, table to be numbered and
corresponding to the same no. given in text.
4. References have to be given in the Text .i.e, 1, 2,3, .. and the details of references i.e.,
Text book with page nos, paper title, name of the journal or conference/author or
link(if it is from internet). The references should be given after Annexure.
5. Max. 5 pages can be from textbook, Max. 5 pages can be from Internet. Max. 5 pages
can be from journals.
6. If your topic doesn’t suffice the no. of pages , Contact Murthy sir.

Questions
1. Different methods to approach/ opening a coal seam by shaft, by inclines, by adit;
their applications, advantages and disadvantages.
2. Statistics of coal reserves (geological reserves/ proved reserves/ workable reserves) /
production in different countries during last 10 years.
3. a) Estimation of coal reserves in India.
b) Classification of coals reserves in India and by UN procedure.
c) Commercial reserves – How they are determined
4. The procedure for determination of Annual Production and life of the mine of an
underground coal mine.
5. Factors influencing the choice of U/G coal mining methods.
6. Classification of Underground Coal mining methods.
7. Size of panel, advantages and advantages of panel systems.
8. Barrier pillar in B & P mining -> Design etc
9. Pillar size and pillar strength -> various formulae given for Indian U/G coal mines by
CMFRI, Dhanbad and other research workers in the world.
10. B & P mining :
A) Development – Layouts
1. Rope haulage
2. Chain conveyor
3. LHD/SDL/Gathering Arm loader.
4. Continuous miner
B) Depillaring – Layouts
Explain the procedure in details, with suitable layout (Drilling and blasting is not
necessary).
11. Wooden props
a) chock/cog
b) roof stitching
Installation, procedure with figures, application, advantages and disadvantages
12. Roof bolting (Installation, Design and monitoring)
13. Roof truss support system (Installation, Design and monitoring)
a) Sylvester prop withdrawer -> explain the procedure how to use it with a figure.
14. Location of shaft -> factors influencing, methods to determine, various options for
location of shafts (their application, advantages and disadvantages)
15. Shaft sinking – various methods
A) Shaft pillar design
16. Lining of shafts
17. Preparatory arrangements before starting depillaring operations in B & P mining.
18. Statutory principles in depillaring operations in B & P mining.
19. Problems in depillaring operations
20. Principles of depillaring operations in B & P mining.
21. Diagonal line of extraction.
22. Extraction of their seams.
23. A) Hydraulic stowing
B) Pneumatic stowing
Explain the procedures with figures; give application, advantages and disadvantages.
24. Transport by Aerial ropeway.
A) Belt conveyor Technology.
25. Chain conveyors.
26. Silos and bunkers.
27. Drilling patterns used in Underground coal mines, solid blasting.
28. Longwall mining – definition of basic terms; factors influencing the L/W methods;
L/W advancing Vs L/W retreating.
29. Layout of a modern (Fully Mechanized) L/W panel using DERD shearer, AFC,
powered supports, stage loader, belt conveyor etc. and exploration of the method.
30. Sequence of cutting operations in L/W panel with figures.
31. Development/ drivage of gate roadways in L/W mining.( by road header/ Dirt header/
continuous miner).
32. Ventilation arrangements while driving gate roadway in L/W mining
33. Case studies (i.e., examples) of L/W mining in other countries (Like USA, China ,
South Africa, Australia etc).
34. Shortwall mining – application, advantages and disadvantages, explain methods with
a layout.
35. Horizon mining- – application, advantages and disadvantages, explain methods with a
layout.
36. Blasting gallery method – application, advantages and disadvantages, explain
methods with a layout.
37. Hydraulic mining – application, advantages and disadvantages, explain methods with
a layout.
38. Underground Coal Gassification – application, advantages and disadvantages, explain
methods with a layout.
39. Thick seam mining – classification of thick seam mining methods, problems in thick
seam mining, factor influencing no. of slices, explain the method of inclined slice
mining by descending order.
40. Sub- level caving – application, advantages and disadvantages, explain methods with
a layout.
41. Powered Supports – explain various powered supports with figures and give each
applicaton, advantages and disadvantages.
42. Cavability of roof rocks.
43. Steel props – A) Friction props , B) Hydaulic props.
44. Salvaging operation in L/W panel / Procedure to transport and installation of various
machinery in a L/W Panel.
45. Air blast
46. Coal bed methane
47. Application, Advantages and disadvantages pf L/W Advancing and L/W retreating
48. Burn side boring apparatus
49. Wongavilli method of extraction
50. Komorov method of extraction
51. Room and pillar mining
52. Thick seam mining – Horizontal slicing
53. Blasting gallery method
54. Hydraulic stowing -> surface arrangements
55. Depillaring in B & P with hydraulic stowing -> U/G arrangements.
56. Isolation stopping, preparatory stopping – construction with figures.
57. Explosion proof stopping– construction with figures.
58. Fire proof stopping– construction with figures.
59. Working of contiguous seams.
60. Precautions to be taken before depillaring operations while approaching water logged
areas.
61. Complete procedure of collecting explosion from magazine, transport/carrying of
explosives and detonators; charging and blasting in U/G mines.
62. Direct tope haulage
63. Endless rope haulage
64. Centrifugal Pumps
65. Reciprocating pumps
66. Turbine pumps
67. Centrifugal fan
68. Reciprocating fans
69. Fans in parallel
70. Fans in series
71. Auxiliary fan
72. Neutral line, booster fan, locating booster fan
73. Ventilation laws
74. Ascential ventilation
75. Descential ventilation
76. Methane layering
77. Coward’s diagram
78. Diagonal line of extraction of thick seams
79. Coal dust explosion
80. Stone dust barriers
81. Inundation in mines, water barrier
82. Neutral ventilation
83. Coal exploration
84. Cade winding, Koepe winding
85. Safety arrangement for winding in shafts
86. Highwall mining
87. Punch entry