You are on page 1of 8

Type - 1 :Multiple Choice Questions

1. A gaseous hydrocarbon X has a density of 1.25 g/L at 0 C and under 1 atm. What is the mass fraction of carbon in X?
(The atomic masses of carbon and hydrogen are 12.0 and 1.00 g/mol, respectively, and 1.00 mole of gas occupies a
volume of 22.4 L at 0 C and under 1 atm.)
(A) 75.0 % (B) 80.0 % (C) 85.7 % (D) 92.3 %

2. Mr. Bojo took a mixture of oxygen and a gaseous hydrocarbon. The initial volume of the mixture was 140mL. When the
mixture was exploded its volume reduced by 40mL. On further treatment with conc. KOH the volume of the mixture
reduced to 40mL. If the initial concentration of the hydrocarbon in the mixture was 14.28 %( volume) then no of possible
structure of hydrocarbon are______________.
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 2

3. Boltzmann's constant, also called the Boltzmann constant and symbolized k or k B , defines the relation between
absolute temperature and the kinetic energy contained in each molecule of an ideal gas . This constant derives its name
from the Austrian physicist Ludwig Boltzmann (1844-1906), and is equal to the ratio of the gas constant to the Avogadro
constant .
What is the value of Boltzmann Constant (k) in eV K-1?
(A) 1.3807 × 10-6 (B) 8. 617 x 10-5 (C) 3.166 x 10-6 (D) 5.675 x 10-5

4. A scientist name Auston Martin founded a new unit to express molecular mass of Organic compounds. This unit is called
Auston’s unit. In his book of organic compounds he wrote about an amino acid named Aspartic Acid.
ASPARTIC ACID
Aspartic acid, also known as aspartate, is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins. It contains an α-
amino group, an α-carboxylic acid group, and a side chain CH₂COOH.

2-Aminobutanedioic acid

If the molecular weight of Aspartic acid is 266Au where Au is Auston’s unit, what is relation between 1g/mol and 1Au?
(A) 1g/mol = 0.5Au (B) 1g/mol = 2Au (C) 1g/mol = 1Au (D) 1g/mol = 0.75 Au

5. A zinc metal sample containing zinc chloride as impurity was made to react with an excess of dilute hydrochloric acid at
27oC. Liberated hydrogen gas is collected at 760 mm Hg pressure that occupies 780.0 cm3 volume. If the vapour pressure
of water at 27oC is 14 mm Hg, what is the volume of H2 at STP? The Standard pressure is 760 mm Hg (molar volume of
gas at standard temperature and pressure, STP = 22.4 dm3)
(A)746 cm3 (B) 697 cm3 (C) 750 cm3 (D) 300 cm3

6. The heat of combustion of Fructose (C6H12O6) is -2812 KJ mol-1. If a fresh apple weighing 86g is 12% of Fructose by
mass what calorific content does the fructose contribute to the apple?
(A) 38.5Kcal (B)53.3 Kcal (C)161.2Kcal (D) 226.8Kcal
DÉFIS EN CHIMIE JUNIOR
Basic Mathematics of Chemistry

7. Minakshi was performing an experiment. She took 1 L of water at 10o C and dissolved 1 mol NaCl in it. Then she took
the sample in a beaker and cooled it till 1oC and plotted the concentration v/s temperature graph where A is molarity and
B is molality. Which of the following is the correct concentration v/s temperature graph?

Temperature
(A)

(B)

2
DÉFIS EN CHIMIE JUNIOR
Basic Mathematics of Chemistry

(C)

(D)

8. A chemist’s report on a batch of pharmaceutical products, Aspirin (C9H8O4) (250mg tablets) and Paracetamol (C8H9NO2)
(500mg tablets) indicated a ‘+0.5%’ weight error in each tablet. Due to this error, the consumer gets extra ‘x’ molecules of
aspirin per tablet and extra ‘y’ molecules of paracetamol per tablet. Choose the ‘best’ relation between x and y. (NSEJS
2015)
(A) x=y (B) x>y (C) y>x (D) x=2y
9. Rati was studying neutralization reaction. She accidentally dropped ‘x’ grams of a sodium carbonate monohydrate into a
100 mL solution of HCl whose concentration was 0.25 M. 10mL from this final solution was taken and titrated against
0.05M NaOH solution to yield a titre value of 20mL. What is the value of ‘x’? (NSEJS 2015)
(A) 186mg ( B) 93mg (C) 1860mg (D) 930mg

3
DÉFIS EN CHIMIE JUNIOR
Basic Mathematics of Chemistry

10. A very effective anesthetic, cyclopropane, contains the elements carbon and hydrogen combined in a ratio of 1.0 g of
hydrogen and 6.0 g of carbon. If a given sample of cyclopropane was found to contain 30.0 g of hydrogen, how many
grams of carbon would it contain?
(A) 5 (B) 54 (C) 180 (D) 864
11. Bioethanol (C2H5OH) can be used as alternative fuel in accordance with the following combustion reaction:
2CO2 + 3H2O + EnergyC2H5OH + 3O2
If 13.8 g bioethanol is burnt with 19.2 g O2, the volume of COs gas emitted to the air when it is measured at standard
condition (STP) is ... (Ar C=12, O=16, H=1)
(A) 8.96 L (B) 13.4 L (C)17.9 L (D) 6.72 L

Type - 2 :Theory Questions


1. While performing some experiments in IUPAC laboratory scientist founded a new chemical reaction - Reaction of
Lithium Peroxide with Carbon dioxide to give Lithium Carbonate and Oxygen

They named this reaction 'Artificial Photosynthesis' because this gave oxygen as a by-product. They prepared a model named :

PROJECT : SCCECP-Smart City Carbon Emission Control Program

The main objective of this project was to control carbon dioxide emission by reacting the excessive amount of Carbon dioxide
with Lithium Peroxide to restore the levels of Carbon dioxide of oxygen in the atmosphere. They introduced this model in IUPAC
international summit 2016 where one of the scientist Mr. X told about pollution in his area -

" I founded that suddenly in my area where there was 1000L of pure air ,concentration of CO2 (by volume) has increased from
0.039% to 0.146% while concentration of Oxygen has decreased from 20.946% to 20.839%. "

i. Write a balanced chemical equation for above reaction.


ii. In the above reaction the oxidizing agent is _______________.
iii. How much will the required amount of Lithium Peroxide will cost Mr. X if its rates are 0.06$ per 1000 moles?

2. One day professor John was describing Mc- Arthur Forest Cyanide Process . He told -
"Mc- Arthur Forest Cyanide Process is used for leaching of Silver. Finely powdered native silver is treated with
0.5(w/w) solution of NaCN, with a continuous current of air. As a result silver dissolves in NaCN solution by forming its
complex cyanides. The impurities do not react with NaCN and hence remain insoluble and are separated through
filtration process. Au is recovered from its complexes by the use of Zinc metal. Zn displaces Ag from their complexes."
One of his student Dane formed the equations for reactions involved :-
𝑥𝐴𝑔 + 𝑧𝑁𝑎𝐶𝑁 + 𝑂2 + 𝑦𝐻2 𝑂 → 𝑦𝑁𝑎 𝐴𝑔 𝐶𝑁 2 + 𝑥𝑁𝑎𝑂𝐻
RECOVERY:
𝑍𝑛 + 𝑦𝑁𝑎 𝐴𝑔 𝐶𝑁 2 → 𝑁𝑎2 [𝑍𝑛 𝐶𝑁 4 ] + 𝑦𝐴𝑔
i. From the above equations find the value of x, y and z.
ii. What is amount of 𝑁𝑎2 [𝑍𝑛 𝐶𝑁 4 ] formed when 2.16 Kg of impure Silver reacted with 0.42 Kg of NaCN in
excess of oxygen and water?
iii. In the above process identify and write all the reducing agents along with their change in oxidation numbers.

4
DÉFIS EN CHIMIE JUNIOR
Basic Mathematics of Chemistry

3. Aryan Mishra is a student of IIT Pawai in Chemicals . One day he went to a chemical factory with his professor Mr.
Ankur Sharma. When he was talking to the Factory owner Mr. Sachin Khare, Mr. Khare told him about the role of
Sulphur Dioxide in Claus process as an oxidizing agent. This reaction is widely used in oil refineries. Here Sulphur
Dioxide is reduced by Hydrogen Sulphide to give elemental Sulphur.
Aryan discussed with Mr. Ankur how to use this method in commercial production of elemental Sulphur. Mr. Ankur
suggested him that he can lay done a SO2 pipeline within the crust at the depth of 2 Km. He can make Tanks containing
rotten vegetables and fruits such hat it can give pure and constant supply of H2S (at a depth of 0.8 Km from ground). First
SO2 pipeline must be opened followed by H2S pipeline after 't' seconds. They will together react to give elemental
Sulphur which will deposit in the Junction reactor(0.9 Km from H2S tank and 1.2 Km from SO2 pipeline opening) and
H2O vapours will escape out from the opening.

Aryan founded that no. of atoms of elemental Sulphur formed when 224 KL of SO 2 will react with 6800 Kg of H2S will
be z x 1025 atoms.
i. Find the value of t
ii. Find the value of z.
iii. Write a balanced equation for Claus process.

4. There are some substances which at low concentrations behave as normal strong electrolytes but at higher concentrations
exhibit colloidal behavior due to the formation of aggregated particles. The aggregated particles thus formed are called
micelles. These are also known as associated colloids. Soap molecule is an example of associated colloids. Soap is sodium
salt of a higher fatty acid and may be represented as RCOO- Na+ e.g., sodium stearate viz.CH3(CH2)16COO. Na+ which is
a major component of many bar soaps. When dissolved in water, it dissociates into RCOO- and Na+ ions. The RCOO-
ions, however, consist of two parts i.e., long hydrocarbon chain R (also called non-polar 'tail') which is hydrophobic
(water repelling) and the polar group COO-. (also called polar-ionic 'head') which is hydrophilic (water loving). The

5
DÉFIS EN CHIMIE JUNIOR
Basic Mathematics of Chemistry

RCOO- lons are, therefore, present on the surface with their COO-. groups in water and the hydrocarbon chains R staying
away from it, and remain at the surface, but at higher concentration these are pulled into the bulk of the solution and
aggregate in a spherical form with their hydrocarbon chains pointing towards the centre with COO -- part remaining
outward on the surface. An aggregate thus formed is known as Ionic micelle. These micelles may contain as many as upto
100 such ions.

Swapnil took 10mL of 63M concentrated soap solution and dissolved it on 20mL of water. There were exactly 12.6 mol
of dust particles on his hand. Can you calculate the number of ions in one micelle he needs to remove every single dust
particle from his hand?

5. Percentage of various gases in the dry air is given in the table below-

Gas % of Gases
Nitrogen 78.084%
Oxygen 20.946%
Argon 00.934%
Carbon Dioxide 00.039%
i. Amit has calculated the average molecular mass of the dry air. His answer is _____________.
ii. Bhavana has taken sample of 1L of dry air from non-polluted atmosphere. She wants to calculate molarity of
each component of air . Help her to complete the table.
(Given : Average density of air is 1.225 Kg/m3)

Gas Molarity (mol L-1)


Nitrogen
Oxygen
Argon
Carbon Dioxide

6. a . One day Mitali's Chemistry Teacher Mr. Dinesh Kumar Gupta told her that matter is made up of extremely small
particles. To verify that the particles of matter are made up of very small particles she took a strong smelled antiseptic
named Chloroxylenol ( 4-Chloro-3,5-dimethylphenol). In 1L water he mixed 300g of the compound. Then he took 100mL
of the sample and diluted it to 1 L. He repeated this process 4 times and still she can recognize the smell. Now she
calculated the molarity of solution. Her answer was _______ mol mL-1.

6
DÉFIS EN CHIMIE JUNIOR
Basic Mathematics of Chemistry

6.b. One day Dr. Harshit Jain recommended one of his patient to take a non- narcotic drug named Asprin - 200mg.
Structural formula of asprin is given below:-

He asked his patient to take half the tablet with 150mL of water. Can you calculate the molarity of asprin in water

7. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is involved in several important biological and environmental processes. CO2 is used in
photosynthesis to make glucose (C6H12O6) and O2(g). The energy required to produce 1 mol of glucose is 2800 kJ. It is
estimated that the net average amount of CO2 fixed by photosynthesis on the landmass of the Earth is 370 g per square
meter per year. All carbon atoms produced are converted into glucose. CO2 is also the final oxidation product of all
carbon-based fuels; its increase in the atmosphere is causing global warming. The metabolism of glucose yields CO 2(g)
and H2O(l) as the final products. Heat released in the process is converted to useful work with about 70% efficiency. The
excess CO2 produced by the metabolic processes in a human body is exhaled. The expired air normally contains 30.0
mmHg (SI unit: 1 atm = 760 mm Hg, 1 mm Hg = 133.3 Pa) of CO2 at 37°C. A simple test for CO2 in the breath is carried
out by blowing the expired air into a limewater (a saturated solution of Ca(OH)2(s)) to turn it milky. A very useful property
of CO2 is its ability to react with potassium superoxide KO2(s) to generate O2(g) which can be used in oxygen masks. Based
on the above information, answer the following questions. (molar mass (g•mol-1): H = 1, C = 12, O = 16; gas constant R
= 8.314 J•mol-1•K-1 (or 0.082 L•atm•mol-1•K-1); gravitational acceleration g = 9.8 m•s-2)

i. Write down the balanced chemical equation for the photosynthesis of glucose from CO2 and H2O
ii. The sun supplies about 1.0 kJ of energy per second per square meter of land on the Earth’s surface. What
percentage of this energy is used to produce glucose?

7
DÉFIS EN CHIMIE JUNIOR
Basic Mathematics of Chemistry

iii. Calculate the mass of glucose metabolized by a 60 kg person in climbing a mountain with an elevation gain of
1000 m. Assume that the energy consumed in the climbing is five times of the mechanical energy required for
lifting a 60 kg object by 1000 m and the energy is supplied solely from the metabolism of glucose
iv. Write down the balanced chemical equation for the reaction of KO2(s) and CO2(g) to form K2CO3(s) and O2(g).
v. Find the mass of CO2 in 1 L of the expired air from the human body
vi. If a firefighter wearing a KO2 oxygen mask exhales 400 L of air per hour, find the mass of O2 that would be
supplied by the oxygen mask per hour for the firefighter. Assume that the reaction is instant and complete.
vii. Write down the balanced chemical equation for the test of CO2(g) with limewater.
viii. What is the total number of electrons in a molecule of C6H12O6?