Melting furnaces

   
Cupola furnace Electric Arc furnace Induction furnace Crucible furnace

Cupola furnace
The most popular melting furnace in the ferrous foundries is cupola furnace. Cupola is similar to the blast furnace. It is shaft-like vertical furnace consisting of a steel shell lined with refractory bricks, equipped with tuyeres (nozzles for blowing air). The liquid iron is periodically (or continuously) removed through a spout. Iron, coke and limestone flux are charged by means of an opening locating in the upper half of the steel shell.

Ferrous foundries also use arc furnaces for melting iron and steel.

striking on to the charge and heating it to the required temperature. .Electric Arc furnace The Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) uses three vertical carbon rods as electrodes for producing arcs.

There are two types of induction furnaces: coreless induction furnaces and channel induction furnaces:  Coreless induction furnace Coreless induction furnace consists of: a water cooled helical coil made of a copper tube. circulating in the channel.Induction furnace Induction furnaces are widely used for melting non-ferrous and ferrous alloys. a crucible installed within the coil and supporting shell equipped with trunnions on which the furnace may tilt. It has a ring-like iron core with a water. poured from a melting furnace. Melt circulation has a stirring effect. Channel induction furnaces are commonly used as holding furnaces (furnace for maintaining a molten metal.or air-cooled coil as a primary coil and a loop of the melt. as a secondary coil. The resulted force causes stirring effect helping homogenizing the melt composition and the temperature. These induced currents heat the charge. electromagnetic field produced by the coil interacts with the electromagnetic field produced by the induced current. Alternating current passing through the coil induces alternating currents in the metal charge loaded to the crucible. The inductor of the channel furnace works as a transformer. Channel furnaces are also used for melting low melting point alloys and iron. There is a channel connecting the main body with the inductor. at a proper temperature).000Hz  Channel induction furnace Channel type induction furnace consists of a steel shell lined with refractory materials and an inductor attached to the shell. For two or three shift operation channel furnaces are more economical than coreless furnaces. . Channel induction furnaces work at line frequency currents. Channel furnaces of ratings up to the 10¶s of MW and up to capacities of thousands of tonnes have been used for melting and superheating iron. The frequency of the alternating current used in induction furnaces may vary from the line frequency (50Hz or 60Hz) to high frequency 10. When the charge is molten.

.Crucible furnace Crucible furnaces are used for melting and holding small batches of non-ferrous alloys. In the gas fired furnaces heat is provided by a burner directed to the crucible. In the resistance furnaces electric heatingelements are used as a source of heat. Crucible furnaces are the oldest type of melting furnaces. gas (oil) fired furnaces. A refractory crucible filled with the metal is heated through the crucible wall. There are two main types of crucible furnace:   electricity resistance furnaces.

Ain Shams University Faculty Of Engineering Materials Engineering Program Manufacturing Technology Casting and Types Of Melting Furnaces .

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