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UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR

MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY

AIRCRAFT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


ASSIGNMENT 1 (Aircraft Electrical Power Sources)

1. In DC generator, the ___________________ has a switching effect to convert the


AC from the armature windings into pulsating DC. [T2, CLO 1, C1, 1mark]

2. To reduce the ripples of the pulsating DC from a DC generator: [T2, CLO 1, C2, 1mark]

A. number of slip rings are added.


B. number of turns in each armature loop are added.
C. number of armature loops are added.

3. The two factors that govern the output frequency of an AC generator are: [T2, CLO 1, C1,
1mark]

A. the number of poles and the rotor RPM.


B. strength of the stator field flux and number of poles.
C. speed of rotation of the rotor and the stator field flux strength.

4. The voltage induced in the stator of an AC generator is produced by: [T2, CLO 1, C2,
1mark]

A. the rotating output winding.


B. the rotating magnetic field.
C. the fixed magnetic field.

5. The frequency of the output of a 4-pole generator is 400 Hz. The generator is turning
at: [T2, CLO 1, C3, 1mark]

A. 6000 RPM
B. 12000 RPM
C. 3000 RPM

6. The output from a rotating armature AC generator would be taken from: [T2, CLO 1, C2,
1mark]

A. either the rotor or the stator


B. the rotor
C. the stator

Assignment 1_JAN 2018


UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY

7. For a single-phase rotating armature AC generator, there are _________ sets of slip
rings and carbon brushes ________________________. [T2, CLO 1, C2, 1mark]

A. 2, carrying the AC out from the armature winding.


B. 2, carrying the AC into the armature winding.
C. 3, carrying the AC out from the armature winding.

8. Transformer Rectifier Unit is used to ___________________________________.


[T2, CLO 1, C1, 1mark]

9. Name 2 types of inverter. [T2, CLO 1, C1, 2marks]


i. ______________________
ii. ______________________

10. The auxiliary power unit (APU) is an alternative source of _________________ and
__________________ power for aircraft systems on the ground or in flight. [T3, CLO 1,
C1, 2marks]

11. A 24-volt battery is provided for APU starting. During APU starter engagement,
battery charger is _________________ (disconnected / connected) to prevent
charger overloaded. [T3, CLO 1, C1, 1marks]

12. During the operation of GTCP85 Series APU, when the RPM reaches ________, the
APU speed switch operates and APU ready to supply electrical and pneumatic
power. [T3, CLO 1, C1, 1mark]

13. During starting up process of GTCP85 Series APU, when will the Low Oil Pressure
light be extinguished? [T3, CLO 1, C2, 1mark]

A. At 55% RPM
B. When oil pressure reaches 55 psig
C. When oil pressure reaches 10 psig

14. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE about an APU system? [T3, CLO 1, C2,
1mark]

A. Supply three-phase 400 Hz AC power to the airplane.


B. APU does not need fuel for its operation.
C. Battery charger must be disconnected during APU starter engagement.

15. The Ram Air Turbine (RAT) is an auxiliary source of _________________ and
__________________ power for aircraft system during emergency. [T3, CLO 1, C1,
2marks]

Assignment 1_JAN 2018


UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY

16. A _________________ is a mechanism in RAT to control the pitch angle of the


turbine blade in keeping the output frequency constant. [T3, CLO1, C1, 1mark]

17. The 2 small pins on 3-phase AC External Power receptacle is used to: [T3, CLO 1, C2,
1mark]

A. To carry the AC power to control the external power relay in the aircraft.
B. To carry the DC power to control the interlock circuit in the aircraft.
C. To carry the DC power to be supplied to the bus in the aircraft.

18. List down two reasons for the APU to be automatically shut down. [T3, CLO 1, C1, 2marks]

i. ________________________________________________________________
ii. ________________________________________________________________

19. If the Ram Air Turbine (RAT) supplies an AC power to the aircraft, what is the
component required in this system to supply direct current to the essential bus in the
aircraft? [T3, CLO 1, C1, 1mark]
_____________________________

For Q18 - Q20, please refer to Figure 1. Figure 1 below shows a brushless AC
generator.

Figure 1

Assignment 1_JAN 2018


UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY

20. On a brushless AC generator, the permanent magnet generator (PMG) output is: [T2,
CLO 2, C2, 1mark]

A. DC
B. Pulsed
C. AC

21. In a brushless AC generator, the rotating field winding is fed with: [T2, CLO 2, C2, 1mark]

A. AC via rotating exciter windings.


B. DC via the slip rings from an external supply.
C. DC via diodes from the main exciter winding on the rotor.

22. The initial excitation current is produces in the: [T2, CLO 2, C1, 1mark]

A. Pilot exciter.
B. Main exciter.
C. Main generator.

23. Figure 2 shows a DC alternator. The output voltage is supplied to the service bus
and: [T2, CLO 2, C2, 1mark]

Figure 2

A. will be fed back to the rotating field circuit for the field excitation.
B. will be kept constant by the diode block.
C. will flow reversely into the stator winding when the output voltage drops below the
battery voltage.

Assignment 1_JAN 2018


UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY

24. What type of generator used in DC alternator shown in Figure 2? [T2, CLO 2, C1, 1mark]

A. DC generator
B. Rotating field AC generator
C. Rotating armature AC generator

25. What is the purpose of diode D1 in the wiring shown in Figure 3? [T3, CLO 2, C1, 1mark]

Figure 3

A. Block the negative polarity and the external power relay will not be energized.
B. Block the negative polarity and the external power relay will be energized.
C. Block the positive polarity and the external power relay will be not energized.

26. Refer to Figure 3, what will be the effect to the above system if Battery Master
switch failed (open circuited) when the 28VDC external power supply connected to
the external power plug? [T3, CLO 2, C2, 1mark]
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

---End---

TOTAL MARKS
CLO 1 CLO 2
(23) (7)

Assignment 1_JAN 2018