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structural system as operational parameters in comparison with

systemic parameters like dimensions of system and elements and

THEORY OF STRUCTURES II their material properties

CE 601 1.11 Force and displacements as cause and effects; Betti's law and

Maxwell's reciprocal theorem, their uses and the limitations

Lecture : 3 Year : III 1.12 Two theorems from Castigliano and their applications: use of second

Tutorial : 3 Part : I theorem for determination of displacements in statically

determinate and solution of statically indeterminate simple systems

Practical : 2/2

like beam and truss

1.13 Flexibility and stiffness

Course Objectives:

1.14 Flexibility matrix

The threefold objective of the course is to:

1.15 Stiffness matrix

1. Familiarize the terminologies and concepts of displacements, stresses,

1.16 Relationship between flexibility and stiffness matrices

strains, stiffness etc. and their parameters in the context of indeterminate

1.17 Force and displacement methods

systems,

2. Practice in examples the basic concepts and theorems on static

(equilibrium), geometrical (compatibility) and physical (Force, stiffness and

2. Force Method (12 hours)

displacements) conditions in the context of indeterminate systems,

2.1 Definitions and explanations; specialties of force method and its

3. Prepare the candidates for advanced courses in structural mechanics by

limitations

introducing to the necessary tools like matrix method, force method,

2.2 Primary systems with replacements of static indeterminacies, choice

displacement method, plastic analysis etc.

of unknowns for force quantities and its limitations, primary system

with unit forces for static indeterminacies, unit force diagrams

1. Introduction (8 hours)

2.3 Compatibility conditions and formulation of equations in matrix

1.1 Formulation of problems in theory of structure: functions of the

form, system specific matrix and its dependency upon choice of

structural systems and the corresponding requirements/conditions

unknowns

to be fulfilled, strength, stiffness and stability of a system

2.4 Flexibility matrix: generations and calculations

1.2 Conditions and equations: static, compatibility, and physical

2.5 Use of graphical method for calculation of coefficients (elements of

1.3 Satisfaction of conditions

flexibility matrix); derivation of formula for the standard case of

1.4 Boundary conditions, partial restraints

parabola and straight line, its extension to the case when both are

1.5 Solutions of equations

straight lines

1.6 Structure idealization, local and global coordinate systems and static

2.6 Applications to beams and frames; three moment theorem, effects

and deformation conventions of signs

of temperature variance and settlement of supports in beams and

1.7 Indeterminacy of structural systems its physical meanings and its

frames, determination of redundant reactions or member forces in a

types

beam (two to three spans) and frames (one storey two bay or two

1.8 Degree of static indeterminacy of a system and its

storey one bay), consideration of settlement of support, variance in

determination/calculation: static indeterminacies; use of formula,

internal and external temperature for beams (up to two spans) and

necessity of visual checking: for plane systems only in the form of

frames (portal only) involving not more than four unknowns.

truss, frame and arch

2.7 Applications to trusses; effects of temperature variance and misfits

1.9 Degree of kinematic indeterminacy of a system and its

2.8 Applications to arches (parabolic and circular): simple cases of two

determination/calculation: use of formula, necessity of visual

hinged and hinge less arches; cases of yielding of supports and

checking: for plane systems only in the form of truss, frame and arch

1

temperature effects, influence line diagrams for two hinged arches IL, IL diagrams as system specific diagrams - independent of

2.9 Bending moment, shear force and normal thrust diagrams for the operational parameters like loads

abovementioned systems (beams, frames and arches) 4.2 Neutral points (focus) in an unloaded beam span of a continuous

beam as fixed points with respect to load on left or right of the span,

left or right focal point ratios and recurrent formula for their

3. Displacement Method (15 hours) determination, focal point ratios for the extreme spans

3.1 Definitions and explanations; specialties of Displacement method 4.3 Use of three moment equations and focal point ratios to determine

and its limitations support moments in a continuous beam

3.2 Primary system: kinematic indeterminacy and unit displacement 4.4 Numerical method for drawing IL diagram of support moments using

system, unit displacement diagrams and their applications focal point ratios

3.3 Choice of unknowns and its uniqueness in comparison with force 4.5 Use of IL of support moments to draw IL for other structural

method quantities like support reactions, bending moment and shear force in

3.4 Equilibrium conditions and formulation of equations in matrix form the given section

3.5 Stiffness matrix its formation, properties and application as system 4.6 Mueller Breslau principle its physical meaning and its use

specific 4.7 IL diagrams for reaction, bending moment and shear force in various

3.6 Applications to beams and frames, effects of settlement of support sections of continuous beams (two to three spans only)

and temperature 4.8 Loading of the IL diagrams, determination of reaction, bending

3.7 Applications to trusses, effect of temperature change moment and shear force at a section of a continuous beam for given

3.8 Bending moment, shear force and normal thrust diagrams for the loads in the form of a concentrated force, couple and distributed

systems load

3.9 Fixed end moment, slope and deflection and their uses in beam

systems

3.10 Equilibrium conditions of the joints in beams and frames 5. Introduction to Plastic Analysis (6 hours)

3.11 Slope deflection equations and their applications in beam systems 5.1 Definitions and explanations

3.12 Stiffness of a member in a rigid joint 5.2 Plastic analysis of bending members

3.13 Boundary conditions 5.3 Plastic bending

3.14 Distribution of unbalanced moment in a rigid joint 5.4 Plastic hinge and its length

3.15 Principle of moment distribution with consideration of cross 5.5 Load factor and shape factor

sectional stiffness, member stiffness (consideration of length) and 5.6 Basic theorems on methods of limit analysis

boundary conditions 5.7 Collapse loads: partial collapse, complete collapse

3.16 Application of moment distribution method to solve beams and 5.8 Collapse with tied loads for simple cases of statically indeterminate

frames (simple cases with one bay and two storeys or two bays and beams (not more than three spans) and frames (only portal frames)

one storey)

3.17 Consideration of sway conditions(simple cases with one bay and two

storeys or two bays and one storey) Practical: (8 hours)

Determination of redundant reaction components and their comparative

studies in the following four experiments:

4. Influence Line (IL) for Continuous Beams (4 hours) 1. Continuous beams (propped cantilever, two spanned beams with various

4.1 Definitions and explanations: given section, structural quantity end conditions)

(support reaction, bending moment or shear force etc.) and the 2. Two hinged arch

given structural system as the three basic elements of definition of 3. Symmetrical portal frame

2

4. Unsymmetrical portal frame

References:

1. Darkov A et al., 1979, Structural Mechanics, Mir Publishers, Moscow.

2. Ghali A, Neville A M, 1989, Structural Analysis, A Unified Classical and

Matrix Approach, Chapman and Hall.

3. Joshi H R, 1991, Theory of Structure II - Course Manual, Institute of

Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Katmandu.

4. Norris C H, Wilbur J B, Utku S, 1991, Elementary Structural Analysis,

McGraw-Hill International Editions, Civil Engineering Series.

5. Pandit G S, Gupta S P, 1981, Structural Analysis, A Matrix Approach, Tata

McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi.

6. Reddy C S, 1981, Basic Structural Analysis, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing

Company Limited, New Delhi.

7. Wang C K, 1983, Intermediate Structural Analysis, McGraw-Hill

International Editions, Civil Engineering Series.

Evaluation Scheme:

The questions will cover all the chapters of the syllabus as far as practicable.

The approximate mark allocation to the questions is proposed to be as

indicated in the table below:

1 8 16

2 9 16

3 9 16

2&3 9 16

4&5 10 16

Total 45 80

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