Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

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..3 Creating a steel column........ 3............................................... 57 Steel parts..................................................................................................... 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......................................................... Horizontal position ........................... Adding objects to assemblies............................................................................................................... Materials.. Changing the material of a part .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a steel beam ........................................................................................................................................................................2 Moving a part using handles ..... Position depth ......................... 66 Assemblies.......................................... Creating a twin profile........................................................................................................................................... Showing part reference lines in model views .................................................................................. Assembly hierarchy ............ Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly .......................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to an assembly ......................................... Rotation ................................................................. Levels ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a curved beam .............. 3....... Creating a round contour plate ................................................................................................................4 Creating an assembly.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3............................................................................................... Using welds to create assemblies ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Bending .............................................................................................................. Creating a steel polybeam.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a sub-assembly ................................................................................................................................................................................................... User-defined attributes ......................................................................................................................................... Part labels ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a contour plate .............................................................................................. Vertical position ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Showing part labels in a view ............................................ User-defined profiles .......................................................................................................................... Colors ............................ Parametric profiles ....................................................................................................................................................... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ......... Position on the work plane ..... Creating a nested assembly ...................................................................... Standard profiles ..........................................................................................................Changing the profile of a part ................................................................................................................................. Modifying the position of a part .............................................. 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ................................................................................ End offsets ........................................................................................................................................................... Using bolts to create assemblies ........ Creating an orthogonal beam.............................................................................................................

.............. Highlighting objects in a cast unit........................................................ 89 Creating slotted holes ...................................... Assembly examples ..................Joining assemblies .. 85 4......................................................................................................................................... Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ......................................................................................................................................... Changing the cast unit main part ............................................................................................................................................... Changing the assembly main part .............. 3........................... Creating a round slab ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing................. Bolt offsets ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Bolt group shape ..........1 Bolts............................................................................................................................................................................................ Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit .................................................. 77 Cast units.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Exploding a cast unit ............................................................................................... Removing objects from a cast unit . 89 Creating round holes...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ......... Creating a concrete polybeam ....................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete slab ................................................................ 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ................. Defining the cast unit type.................................................................................... 85 Creating a bolt group................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4............................................................................... Bolt group position .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete panel ................................................................................................................................. Creating a concrete column ........... Casting direction ............................................................................................................................... Creating a strip footing ............................................................................................................................................................................... Removing objects from an assembly .6 Creating a cast unit ............................................................................................................................. Exploding an assembly ............................. Adding objects to cast units .............2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes.................... Changing or adding bolted parts ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Defining the casting direction of a part .................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete beam..... Showing the top-in-form face .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a single bolt ................... 3.......................... Changing the main assembly ........................................ 81 4 Detailing Structures ........................................ Highlighting objects in an assembly ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................... Part cuts ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4......................................................................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Cutting parts with a line ................................................................................................................................................. Chamfering part corners ....................................................... 100 Example pattern definition ......................................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon .................................................................................................. Manually preparing a part for welding ............................................................................................................................ Weld size prefixes ................................................................... 103 Tile pattern elements ............................................................................ Warping a beam using deformation angles ............................................................. 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ......... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ................................................... Creating a polygon weld............................................................................................................. 90 4....................................... Cuts ................................................................................................................... Creating a weld to a part .......................................................................................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ................................................................................................................................................................. 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ............................................................... Chamfering part edges ............. Fittings.............................................................................................................. 101 Tile pattern definitions .................................... 100 Creating new tile patterns ................................................................. Line cuts ................... Creating a fitting .......... 104 4.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tiled surface treatment...3 Welds ............................................. Polygon cuts ............................................................................................................................................................................. Weld preparation ..................................................Creating oversized holes................................................... Warping concrete parts ......................... 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ........................................................................ Corner chamfer types and dimensions ................................................................................... 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ....................... 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ............................................. Modifying the shape of a polygon................................................................................................................ 91 Creating a weld between parts.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 104 Chamfers......................................................................................................... Weld position ............................................................................................................................................................................. Polybeam chamfers ....................................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment.......................................................................................................................................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ..........................5 Fine-tuning part shape .......................................... Cutting parts with another part .................

..................................................................................... 5........................................................................................................................... 5..... Showing parts with exact lines ............................. Shortening and lengthening parts ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... Printing a screenshot ........ 119 Zooming the model ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Splitting a plate or slab........................ Object property report templates ....................................................... 119 5........................................... Representation options ..........2 Inquiring object properties.......................................................... Moving the model............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model .................................................................................................................. Rotating the model ............................... Flying through the model........................................... 118 5 Examining the Model..................................................................................................3 Defining which objects are displayed ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers .................... Creating a clip plane ............................... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 116 Combining two parts into one.................................. Hiding selected parts....................................................................................... 126 Showing and hiding objects ............................................................. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ........................................................................ 117 4............................7 Splitting parts ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 Viewing the model ........................................................ Shortening a part in drawings ............................................................................................... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool .... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab ................................................................................................ 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ............................... 4.............................. Lengthening a part in drawings ........................................................................................ Zooming with keyboard shortcuts .. Hiding unselected parts........................................................................................................ Modifying the zoom settings ................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ................................................. Creating a screenshot... Using the Custom Inquiry tool .................................................................................................... Zooming with Magnifier ........ 116 Attaching a part to another part............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Cambering parts.................... Cambering a part ............................................................................................................................................................. Showing and hiding assemblies....................................................

..... Copying an object group to another model ........................................................................................... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ................................................................................................................................................ Detecting clashes ...................... 153 Planning your numbering series................ 5...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting object representation settings .......................................... Measuring bolt spacing ........................ Object groups ................................................................................................................................................................ Measuring distances ............................................. 5....................................................................................... 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ................................................................ Deleting an object group .................................................... 135 Checking the model ..................................................... Copying visualization settings to another model ....................................................................................................................................................... Object representation settings............. 142 6 Numbering the Model.................. Creating an object group ................................................................ Example: Creating visualization settings ......................... 153 6.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 152 Identical parts ......... Example: Creating object groups ....................................................................... 152 Identical reinforcements .............. Comparing parts or assemblies.......... Deleting visualization settings ............................................. 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Finding clashes in a model .......... Finding distant objects.....................................................................................5 Measuring objects ......................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ...................................................................... 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ....................................3 Defining numbering series ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 6................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Clash Check Manager ...........................2 What is numbering ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 151 What affects numbering ......................................................... 151 6...................................................................................................................................... 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...................................................................................................... Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ....... Copying object representation settings to another model ............................... Example: Defining an erection schedule ................................................................................................................................................................................ Measuring angles ............................................................4 Creating a visualization .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Creating object representation settings ............................................................................................................................ Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ...... Creating object representation settings ...Showing and hiding components ...................................................

............................................................................................................................ Example: Numbering settings during a project ....................................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects.................................................................................................... Deleting logical areas and object type categories.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 172 Creating a sequence ......5 6......................................................................................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases............................................................................................................... Creating a standard-part model .....1 Organizing the model................................................. Creating object type categories........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Saving preliminary numbers........................... Assembly position numbers ........................... 162 Example: Numbering identical beams........................... Clearing numbers............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 171 7...................................................................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part.................................................................................................... Changing numbers.................... 6........................................................................... Example: Numbering parts in selected phases......................................... Checking the sequence of a part ................................... 167 Creating logical areas ....6 6......................................................................................................................................................................................... Control numbers.................... 172 173 173 173 173 7................................................................................................................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Numbering reinforcements......4 Lotting ..................................................... Viewing logical areas and object type categories ...................................................... Changing the family number of an object ..................................................... Adding parts to a sequence .................................................................. 171 Custom phase properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 161 Numbering examples...................................................................................................... 156 Viewing the numbering history.............................................................................................. 7..................................................... Overlapping numbering series ...................... Example: Numbering selected part types ................................................3 Sequences..... 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling....... 171 Dividing the model into phases .........................................................................................................Family numbers................................................................................ Example: Using family numbers...... 161 Repairing numbering errors ....... 6........................................................................................................ Modifying logical areas and object type categories.................... Assigning family numbers .......................... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ... Locking and unlocking control numbers ................................... Deleting a sequence .................................................................................................................................................................. 167 7..................................................................................... Assigning control numbers to parts ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ..................................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ............................................................................ Saving a sketched cross section ........................................... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ......................................... Adding a parallel constraint ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Sketching the outline of a cross section ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal constraint ..................................................................................................................... Moving positioning planes .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures .......5 7................................................................................................................................ Adding an angle dimension to a sketch .......................................................... Part positioning planes ............................................................... Deleting a dimension from a sketch ......6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ......................................................................................................................................................... Adding a vertical constraint ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Sketch Browser . Connection positioning planes ................................................................ Showing and hiding positioning planes ..................................... 7...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying a sketched cross section............................................................................................. Reverting to default positioning planes ........................................ Checking a sketched cross section .......................................... Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ........................................................................... Adding a perpendicular constraint .............................................. Variables ................................................................................................................................. Sketching a circle ................................................................... Adding a fixed constraint .................................................................................................................... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................... Removing parts from a lot .... Moving positioning plane handles .............................................................................................................. Sketching an arc .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding parts to a lot ................................................................................................................................................................................................... Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section.................................................................. Cross section extrusion types .......... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section....................................... Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch .......................................................................... Deleting a lot ........ Modifying chamfers in a sketch ............................... Deleting a constraint ............... Adding a coincident constraint .......... 176 Sketched cross sections ........................................... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ................................................................................................. Sketching a polyline .......................................................................................................................... Setting the sketch thickness ........................................................................................Creating a lot .......

..................................1 General settings............................................................................................ 216 8... 215 Grid view properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Using the cross section in a model ........................................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 227 Bolt properties....................... Screenshot settings............................................................................................................................................................................................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings..................................................................................................... Importing sketched cross sections ......................... Concrete beam properties................................................................................... Twin profile properties.................... Strip footing properties ........................................................... Creating an image of a sketched cross section ................... Concrete slab properties ............................................................................................................................................................................3 Part properties ................................. 215 View properties ........................................................................................................ 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ............... 211 8.................................................................................................................................4 Detail properties......................................................................... Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ......................................................................................... Orthogonal beam properties ................................................................................................... Rotation settings ...............................................................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model .......................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Display settings ............................................................................ Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section ..................................................................................................................... 8............................................................................. 217 Steel column properties ........................................ 211 Grid properties .......................... Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ............................................................................................................................. Transparency settings................................................................................................. Concrete column properties ........................................................................................ Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ............................................................................................................................................... 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8......................................................................................................................................................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness ............................................................................................................................................................................................... Color settings ............................................................................ 229 Weld types ................................................................................................................................. 227 Weld properties ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Contour plate properties................................... Concrete panel properties................................................ Point properties ...............................................................................................................................................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings....................................................... Grid line properties...................................... Steel beam properties .......................... Exporting sketched cross sections ....................................................................................................................... Pad footing properties............

............................................. Hiding cut lines in a view ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Cutting efficiently ................................................................. Right-hand rule..................................Corner chamfer properties ........................................... 233 General numbering settings ......... 237 Defining default part properties ................................................................. 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips.............................................................................................. 232 8........................................................ Creating horizontal parts ................... 235 9 Modeling Tips ................................................................... Modeling identical areas....................2 Modifying part length ............................... Selecting values from the model ................................................................................................ 9................................ 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......................................1 General modeling tips .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Copying and moving efficiently....................... Optional ways of placing objects in a model ................................................................................................................................................................................ 233 Weld numbering settings........... 234 Control number settings .................................................................................. Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .................................................................................................. Finding RGB values for colors......................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Numbering settings ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Activating an overlapping view .......................................................................................................................................................................... 232 Edge chamfer properties .. Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern............ 237 9......................................................................

17) Saving a model (p. 18) 1. you can create a real-life model of any structure. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. create. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . 16) Opening a model (p. and save models in Tekla Structures. as they react to modifications in the model.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. 15) Creating a new model (p. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. such as reports and NC data files. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. 17) Model templates (p.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

a new window appears on the screen. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. When you open or create a model. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. 29) Views (p. Initially. 28) Grids (p. 25) Work plane (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. 27) Coordinate system (p. 43) 2.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 33) Construction objects (p. 21) Work area (p. 40) Points (p. the icons and available menu options will become active. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. 42) Reference models (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 .

The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions. and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p. 23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

> Model View. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2.. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. leave the advanced option fields empty. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. 239) Background color examples (p.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. and so on.. To use the default background color. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Finding RGB values for colors (p. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. 2. 3. set the same value for all four corners of the background.

0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.4 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 1.4 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 1.0 Result 0.RGB values 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.

0 1.0 0.6 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.RGB values 0.7 0. 239) 2.0 1.0 1.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.0 1.0 0. dashed lines.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.8 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.8 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.2 0.6 1.7 0. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .3 0.0 0.0 Result 0.

You can define the work area to suit particular situations. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. 2. Objects outside the work area still exist. for example. or size the work area to include selected parts. Tekla Structures hides the work area. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click View > Redraw All. 2. 3. > Model View. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. To make the box visible again. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. or all model objects. To make the work area visible again. for example. when creating screenshots for presentations. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . For more information on each command. click View > Redraw All again. you can hide the green work area box.. 4. You can define the work area in a selected view. or in all visible views. This can be useful. 26) Hiding the work area (p. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. set the advanced option to FALSE. 5. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. See also Defining the work area (p. To define the work area: 1. 1. Work area (p. Alternatively. See also Work area (p.. Click OK or Apply. but they are not visible.

Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. so it is the same in all views. see the corresponding menu tooltip. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. 2. which can be used for positioning parts.2. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. When modeling sloped parts.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. For example. For more information on each command. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. which is the local coordinate system of the model. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. parallel to one of the global basic planes. To display the work plane grid. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. or on a part or view plane. The current work plane is model-specific. See also Shifting the work plane (p. The work plane also has its own grid. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. 3. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. part positioning. For example creating points. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . 28) Right-hand rule (p. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. To shift the work plane: 1. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof.

.. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. For example. 239) 2. 4.See also Work plane (p. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.0. Set Plane to XY. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. Click OK. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p.. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model.0 0. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. To restore the default work plane: 1. 2. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1.0 0. 3. 3. > Model View. Work plane (p. Set Depth coordinate to 0. to change the color to red. 2. y.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. 4. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. set the value to 1. Click Change.. See also Work plane (p. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.

A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. See also Work plane (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . 36) 2. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. 27) View types (p.In wire frame views. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines.

Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. For example. 31) Grid properties (p. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually.You can have more than one grid in a model. The z coordinates are absolute. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. See also Creating a grid (p. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. 5. Y0. 31) Changing the grid color (p. See also Click Create. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. 4. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. Grids (p. For example. Modify the grid properties. and Z0. Optional: When prompted. Y0. To manually create a grid: 1... If you do not pick a point. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. 29) Grid coordinates (p. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. You can also create grids manually. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. 30) Modifying a grid (p. 30) Grid labels (p. 0 4000 4000. and Z0. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. 3. 31) Deleting a grid (p. 2. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. See also Creating a grid (p. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 0 2*4000. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. Click Modeling > Create Grid. 31) Grid lines (p. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. 30) Coordinate system (p.

Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. 29) Grid properties (p. 29) Creating a grid (p. 3. See also Click Modify to save the changes. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. See also Grids (p. Grids (p. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. 4. When you delete a grid. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . is selected. 2. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. If you wish. 3. The Grid dialog box appears. When working with very large grids. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. not the grid. 2. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. See also Grids (p. If you have also other objects selected. you can leave the label fields empty. is selected. Modify the grid properties. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them.

See also Grids (p. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. 3. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. 33) Moving a part using handles (p.. 2. the handles appear in magenta. > Model View. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Pick the end point of the grid line. For example. Single grid lines have handles. 4. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. 4. Click OK. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. to change the color to red. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p.0 0. See also Grids (p. set the value to 1. When you select a grid line. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. Pick the starting point of the grid line. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. 2..0. 3. You can use handles to move the grid lines.1.0 0.

6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. 32) Grid line properties (p.See also Grid lines (p. 32) 2. See also Grid lines (p. If you also have other objects selected. Grid lines (p. not the grid line. See also is selected. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . When you delete a grid line. 2. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. For example. is selected. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. Click Modify to save the changes. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. 3. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. 4. 2. 3. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. Modify the grid line properties. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects.

which is useful for different tasks. plane. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. 38) Modifying a view (p. create a 3D view of the part. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 39) Arranging views (p. 38) Deleting a view (p. See also Creating a view (p.When you need to see a specific part clearly. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. 35) Opening a view (p. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 39) Refreshing views (p. and elevation views provide different types of information. This places the part in the center of the view. 38) Switching between open views (p.

For more information on each command. In multi-user mode. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 33) View settings (p. If several users have different views with the same name. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. See also Views (p. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. Select a view command from the View menu. or the view will not be saved for later use. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 215) About naming views (p. it is very important to give views unique names. 36) Creating grid views (p. 3. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. Optional: Save the view. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . See also Creating a view (p. disappear when you close them. When you exit the model. Views (p. which have a default name in parentheses. 2. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. c See also Click Modify. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. Temporary views. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 35) View types (p. b Type a unique name in the Name field.If you are working with two screens. 36) View planes (p.

It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. It does not appear in the plane name. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. In the basic plane view. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. and zy). 35) Representation options (p. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. • See also Creating a view (p. In basic views. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. xz. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses.

Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. Pick the end point of the translation vector. depending on the creation method. The view plane coordinate equals this distance.. Click the view.. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. Other views For view types other than basic views. 4. or enter its coordinates. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. from the pop-up menu. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. If the Move . 37) Creating a view (p.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. 3. When you move a view plane. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. Click Move. 5. Moving a view plane (p. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. To move the view plane: 1. 2. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . or the points are defined automatically. See also View planes (p.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. or enter its coordinates.

2. Modify the grid properties. 3. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. 2. 5.. To create grid views: 1. If you try to open more than nine views. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. Tekla Structures displays a warning. Click Create. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace ... Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. how it will name the views. 3.. 35) Grid view properties (p. 4. Click View > View List.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. Modify the view properties. The Views dialog box appears. 33) View settings (p. create a view that contains a grid. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. Select the grid. check how many views you have open. and all visible views on the right.. Views (p. If the view does not appear. or double-click a view to open it. See also Creating a view (p. The Views dialog box appears. and which view properties it will use. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. To open multiple views. Before you start. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. 2. Click Modify. See also Views (p.

33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. Click Delete. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Views (p... 3. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. and all visible views on the right. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. On the Window menu. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane.1. In the View Properties dialog box. 2. See also Views (p. To delete multiple views. Select the view you want to delete. 33) Switching between open views (p. select an option from the Angle list box. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. Click View > View List. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . Views (p. The Views dialog box appears. select a view from the list. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. and then click Modify.. Click View > Redraw All. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. Views (p.

They do not appear in drawings. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally.To arrange the views. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. and circles help you place other objects. 5. 40) Creating a construction line (p. 6. When you move the plane. See also Creating a construction plane (p. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. Double-click the plane in the model. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. 2.7 Construction objects Construction planes. Click View > Close All. Click the middle mouse button. 33) 2. 3. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. You cannot use the Cascade. lines. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. Type a name for the plane. select the Magnetic check box. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. For example. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. See also Views (p. For example. Tekla Structures draws the plane. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. 4. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. Pick four points. Tile Horizontally. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window.

40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. 4. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. a Double-click the line in the model. 2. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. See also Construction objects (p. See also Construction objects (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip.7. Click Modify. Pick the end point of the construction line. Pick the starting point of the construction line. For more information on each command. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. See also Construction objects (p. 3. c Click Modify. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. 2. b Select the Magnetic check box.

2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file.2. 42) Point properties (p. Points (p. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. For more information on each command. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. 42) Importing points (p. See also Creating a point (p. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. Create a point import file. When you create points. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. To import points from a file: 1. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar.

700. an architectural model. Double-click Point Creation Import (8). Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. *. For example: 100.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. b Save the file. 4.igs. *.1500 2. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures. See also Points (p.dgn.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. a plant design model.IFC) IGES files (*. 3. 6. 7.prp) Cadmatic models (*. During the import process. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. If you do not specify the path. Type the ASCII file name. Include the full path and the file extension. 44) Selecting a reference model (p.rop.dxf) AutoCAD (*. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. or a heating. Click Create. 45) Hiding a reference model (p.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. See also Inserting a reference model (p. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. 5.500.1000 300. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. For example.dwg) MicroStation (*. 42) 2. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p.3dd) IFC files (*. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. Type point in the Search field and click Search. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model.

Click File > Reference Model List. 4. 46) Reference model objects (p. 5. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. For more information on user-defined attributes. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p.. Click File > Insert Reference Model... Click User-defined attributes. 2. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box.Updating reference models (p.. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. See also Reference models (p. 6. the file does not exist. button to browse for the reference model file. 3. Open a Tekla Structures model. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1.. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 2. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. Check the work plane position. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. 7.inp file. see Adding properties. Set the scale of the reference model. Modify the properties and then click Modify. 3. Click the Browse. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. 4.. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. or you forget to click Apply. if it uses different measurement units). Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. If you do not define a reference model file to use.

ifc) Cadmatic (. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model.xml) 3D DWG (. Click Reload all.. To highlight a reference model: 1. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. To update all reference models: 1.3dd) WebViewer (. but the changes are rarely documented. Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. See also Reference models (p. See also Reference models (p.. Reference models (p. 2. See also Click File > Reference Model List. Click File > Reference Model List. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache.. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (. you can highlight them. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model.. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1..dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . Select a reference model from the list. switch.. 2. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. Click File > Reference Model List. 2. 2.

Click Display. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. Double-click the reference model. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. button next to the Old file name field. select Inserted to see the added objects. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . See also Reference models (p. 3. Double-click the reference model.. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse.. 2. For example. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. 4. To view reference model layers: 1.To view changes in a reference model: 1.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

49

50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

51

When you create or modify a part. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 53) User-defined profiles (p. A parametric profile. 53) Parametric profiles (p.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. 2. click the Select. 52) Standard profiles (p. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify.. • For steel parts. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard.. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. and user-defined profiles. button next to the Profile field. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. parametric. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. 51) Steel parts (p. 66) Concrete parts (p. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. Icon Description A standard profile.

• 5. For example. environmentspecific profiles. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. 6. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. the profile catalog contains standard. /. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. If you select a parametric profile. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. Click Modify. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. use the Profile name list box. select the Show details check box. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. so you should not edit them. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. Click Apply or OK. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. By default. • To see all the properties of profiles. you could create a pitched user-defined profile.• 3. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. See also Profiles (p. Select a profile from the list. and *. select the Show all profiles check box. click the button next to the Shape field. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . • To select a recently used profile. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. For concrete parts. See also Profiles (p. X. See also Profiles (p. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. See also Profiles (p. 4.

or country-specific properties. For example. • To see all the properties of materials. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. next to the Material field. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. Click Modify. or names used in different countries or standards. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials.. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. and so on. such as strengths. porosity. See also Materials (p.. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. including the modulus of elasticity. • 4. 5. The Select Material dialog box appears. select the Show aliases check box. 6. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . For example. Click Select. Select a material from the list. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. and thermal dilatation coefficient. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. Click Apply or OK.Materials When you create or modify a part. 3. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. partial safety factors. select the Show details check box. they can be former names. Poisson’s ratio. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis.

When drawings of the parts are created. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups..Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box.. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. text. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. or lists. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. Attributes can consist of numbers. or in projects. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings.

Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. Select the Part label check box. 3. go to the Advanced tab. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties... 217) Showing part labels in a view (p.. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1..4 Connection code Can be used. In the Display dialog box. user-defined attributes. 4. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. Tension. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.. See also Part properties (p. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. User-defined fields. and Moment User field 1. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. See also Part properties (p. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part.. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. Click Display.

6. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. If Drag and Drop is switched on. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. See also Moving a part using handles (p. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. just drag the part to a new position. Tekla Structures displays the handles. See also Part position (p. you position it by picking points. Select the part. 3. 58) Part positioning tips (p. The Part label dialog box appears. Select the handles. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list.5. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. Part labels (p. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. When you select a part. 7. The points form the part reference line. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. b Click Add.2 Part position When you create a part. 2. the rest are magenta. a Select a property in the Properties list. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. The handle of the first end point is yellow. Click Modify. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. for example. Move the part like any other object. 56) 3.

• • • To change the overall position of the part. See also Click View > View Properties. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. Part position (p. Plane offset. Click in the Mini Toolbar. Hold down Shift to override this.. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. 4. select the Part reference line check box. modify the desired position settings. or Depth offset. use the round selection dial.. Click and drag to select a position. To change the rotation angle. to open the Display dialog box..Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. 3. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . On the Position tab. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. 2. Modify the settings. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. To change the Angle.. Click Modify and OK. Click Modify. For example. 2. 2. See also Position on the work plane (p. enter a value in the corresponding box. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. Click Display. The object moves in the model accordingly. On the Advanced tab. 3.

type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. To do this. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . 63) Levels (p. 59) Position depth (p.Rotation (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. 62) End offsets (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 61) Horizontal position (p. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. 64) Bending (p. 60) Vertical position (p.

Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p. perpendicular to the work plane. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .• Below You can also define the angle of rotation.

58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 .Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to its reference point.

58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . relative to its reference point.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. relative to its reference line. You can enter positive and negative values.

in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. To position the upper columns correctly.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. In this example. Use to define the position of the second end. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). not at the level you picked. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . you can enter the positions of the part ends. you must modify their bottom level position. relative to the picked point.

for example a curved beam. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. the less angular the part appears. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. You can also define the plane of curvature. you need to specify the number of segments. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. Alternatively.Top level = 1000. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. which is relative to the current work plane.

67) Creating a curved beam (p.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Pick the position of the column. 2. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. Click the Create column icon. 58) 3. 66) Creating a steel beam (p. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 3. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Creating a steel column (p. 69) Creating a twin profile (p.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts.

Optional: Modify the steel beam properties.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. 218) Levels (p. 3. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. 3. Pick the starting point. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . 2. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. You can also create bent plates with this command. Click the Create polybeam icon. Pick the end point. See also Steel column properties (p. To create a steel polybeam: 1. 4. Click the Create beam icon. See also Steel beam properties (p.

Pick the starting point (1). 218) Bending (p. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. 5. 4.4. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. To create a contour plate: 1. Double-click the end point. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the end point (3). Optional: To create curved segments. 106) Steel beam properties (p. 3. Pick a point on the arc (2). Pick the starting point. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. 3. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. Click the Create curved beam icon. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 5. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the starting point again. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 2. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. See also Steel beam properties (p. Click the Create contour plate icon. 5. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 4.

Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 69) Contour plate properties (p. 2. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create.. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Select the plate. 3. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. 6. from the list box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . 7. Click Modify. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. Pick the position of the beam. See also Creating a contour plate (p.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 219) Chamfers (p.. 68) Contour plate properties (p. 4. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 2. 5. 3.

To create a twin steel profile: 1. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. 221) 3.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. You can change the main part in an assembly.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. See also Creating an assembly (p. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. By default. 2. 4. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. 3. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. Pick the end point. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. Pick the starting point. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. See also Twin profile properties (p. or by joining assemblies together. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 3. Assemblies (p. Assemblies (p. 3. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. 76) Assembly examples (p. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 .Exploding an assembly (p. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. Creating an assembly (p. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. 2. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies.

72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . select As sub-assembly. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. Using welds to create assemblies (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. 4. Assemblies (p. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. You can create workshop welds and site welds. 4. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. In the Connect part/assembly list box. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. 6. Pick the bolt group origin. 7. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. When you connect assemblies. 3. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. 2. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. In the Connect part/assembly list box. 6. select As sub-assembly. 3. 5. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. Click Apply or OK. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 5. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. 2. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Click Apply or OK. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made.

73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . 75) Changing the main assembly (p. through the basic and sub-assemblies. 74) Joining assemblies (p. from single parts and bolts. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. See also Assemblies (p. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. To work with nested assemblies.

73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. fabrication information. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. Select the assembly to add to. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the assembly to add to. 2.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. marks. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. etc. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. 2. Select the part you want to add. 4. 3. 4. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. 3. for all assembly levels. and still produce dimensions. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . 3. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. 4. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Tekla Structures changes the main part. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. Select the assemblies you want to join. 2. 2. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. See also Select the new main assembly. 3. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 2. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. See also Changing the main assembly (p. You can change the main assembly at any time. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. 2. Assemblies (p. 2. c Select the assembly. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. Select the new main part. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly.

See also Assemblies (p. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. • To only explode the sub-assembly. right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .main part Steel part .Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. always starting from the highest level. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. 2. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. and then attached to the column in another workshop. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. To explode an assembly: 1.main part Concrete . right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p.

79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . 78) Creating a strip footing (p. See also Creating a pad footing (p. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. 78) Creating a concrete column (p.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. Assemblies (p.Drawing 2. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. In a frame of built-up columns and beams.

2. Double-click the end point. Click the Create strip footing icon. Pick the position of the column. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. See also Strip footing properties (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. Pick the pad footing position. Click the Create pad footing icon. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. 4. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Click the Create concrete column icon. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 3. 2. See also Pad footing properties (p. 3. 2. 5. 3. Optional: To create curved segments.Creating a concrete slab (p. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. chamfer the corners of the footing.

Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 2. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Double-click the end point.See also Concrete column properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . 3. 4. Click the Create concrete beam icon. Optional: To create curved segments. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. 2. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. Pick the end point. 5. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Pick the starting point. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. See also Concrete beam properties (p. 4. 3.

from the list box. 4. Select the slab. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. Click Modify. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. Pick the starting point. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 3. To create a concrete slab: 1. Pick the corner points of the slab. Pick the starting point again. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. 2. See also Creating a round slab (p. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 7. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 4. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Click the Create concrete slab icon. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 5. 5. 2. 3. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 6.

225) Chamfers (p. See also Creating a cast unit (p. By default. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. Optional: To create curved segments. as well as concrete parts. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. Double-click the end point. chamfer the corners of the panel.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. 4. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. 3. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. 2. For example. each part is considered a separate cast unit. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . 5. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. 104) 3. You can change the main part in a cast unit. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. Click the Create concrete panel icon. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. Cast units can include reinforcement.

such as steel parts and insulation. 3. 2. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. Adding objects to cast units (p. This applies to anything that is not concrete. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. 3. Select an object in the cast unit. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Select the new main part. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 2. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. Cast units (p. 3. 2. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 2. Adding objects to cast units (p. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. Select the objects you want to add. 83) Casting direction (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 4. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. See also Cast units (p. 4. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 3.

select Precast or Cast in place. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . 2. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Go to the Cast unit tab. Select the objects you want to remove. 4.main part Concrete . 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1.main part Steel part . 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . 3. Click Modify to save the changes. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . 2. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. Cast units (p. Cast units (p.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. Cast units (p. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. 2. In the Cast unit type list box. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. 2. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit.

3. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. See also Select a concrete part. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. Select a concrete part. To hide the top-in-form face again. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. See also Cast units (p. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. 2. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. 2. See also Casting direction (p. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. Casting direction (p.

89) Welds (p. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. 91) Surface treatment (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups.1 Bolts To create bolts.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. 104) Combining parts (p. 85) Holes (p. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. 116) Splitting parts (p. 117) 4.

Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. Pick a point. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. 85) Bolt properties (p. 7. 227) Bolt group shape (p. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. 5. 87) Bolt offsets (p. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. which is the bolt group origin. 3. washers. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. 4. See also Apply a component.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. Bolts (p. 86) Bolt group position (p. 6. 2. Explode the component. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. 3. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. Select the main part. Modify the bolt group. 2. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Select the secondary parts. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. and nuts) while creating holes. See also Creating a bolt group (p. to which the secondary parts will be bolted.

in the y direction of the bolt group. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. in the x direction of the bolt group. from the bolt group point of origin. y coordinate of each bolt. Number of bolts. Diameter of the bolt group. from the bolt group point of origin. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. x coordinate of each bolt.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 .

Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. See also Creating a bolt group (p. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. Under Bolt group. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. The starting point values Dx. type 0. 85) Bolt properties (p. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. 5. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. relative to the bolt group x axis. select Array from the Shape list box. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 2. 3.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. Click Apply to save the changes. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. 4. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. Bolts (p. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box.

Follow the instructions on the status bar. Before creating holes. 85) 4. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box.1. See also Bolts (p. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . 89) Creating a bolt group (p. When prompted. If you do not want to create any bolts. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. reselect the main and secondary parts. 3. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 89) Creating oversized holes (p.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 4. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. To create round holes: 1. Optional: Modify the hole properties. Holes (p. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. 5. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 2. Click Apply to save the changes. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. 2.

Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. 4. 2. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. 3. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. If you do not want to create any bolts. select Slotted. 8. For example. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. Holes (p. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. In the Hole type list box. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Follow the instructions on the status bar. See also Click Apply to save the changes. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 5. To indicate which parts should be slotted. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees.

94) Weld preparation (p. 86) 4. this is the secondary part of the assembly. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. 3. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. this is the main part of the assembly. 2. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. If you are creating a workshop weld. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. 4. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Select the part to weld to. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes.1. 4. Holes (p.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. In the Hole type list box. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. without connecting any other parts. or use a component that automatically creates welds. If you do not want to create any bolts. 5. If you are creating a workshop weld. Select the part to be welded. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . In the Oversize field. Optional: Modify the weld properties. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 7. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. select Oversized. 6. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. Click Apply to save the changes. 2. 3.

The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. y. 91) Weld properties (p. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. 229) Weld position (p. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. or z). The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction.

this is the secondary part of the assembly. 3. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. If you are creating a workshop weld. If you are creating a workshop weld.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. this is the main part of the assembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 5. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 4. Pick the starting and end point. Select the part to be welded. Select the part to weld to. pick the points you want the weld to go through. 2. or alternatively. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected.

without connecting any other parts: 1. use the SPD profile. 3. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. To prevent automatic weld preparation. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p.See also Welds (p. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Pick the starting and end point. See also Welds (p. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. 4. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. pick the points you want the weld to go through. or alternatively. Select the part that you want to cut. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. 2. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. Select the part that you want to weld. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. See also Welds (p. 2. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. or apply a component that does it automatically. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1.

g. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . Select the cutting part. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. for example. and tiles. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. you change the size of a part). 94) 4. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. When you create overlapping surface treatments. surface mixes.3. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated.

4. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. See also Surface treatment (p. In the Surface treatment name list box. Click the Select. select Tile surface from the Type list box.. See also Surface treatment (p. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 7. select the type of surface treatment to use. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 6. Front. select the location of the surface treatment. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box.. 8. 9. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. b On the Pattern tab. and Behind. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. to select a material from the catalog. 2. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p.. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. select the specific surface treatment.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 5. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part.. In the At depth list box. 3. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. In the Type list box. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. The options are Middle.

96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 4. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. 3. 2. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 2. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Pick the direction. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. b Select the part face. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 4. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 .Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. 3. 2. 2. b Select the part face. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 4. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. 3.

98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. or right). The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. left. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values.5. bottom. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer.

dat file using any text editor. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. To create new surface treatment options: 1. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 . You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. Open the product_finishes.. The file is located in the .

Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. Magnesium Float. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. Surface treatment (p.. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. 100) Example pattern definition (p. For example. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. 1 for concrete finish.xml file using any text editor. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. Open the TilePatternCatalog. For example. For example.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. a Define the surface treatment type. 4. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 2. See also Add rows to define new options. MF for Magnesium Float. Save the file. The file is located in the . See also Surface treatment (p.

and then modify it to suit your needs. 4.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog.xml file. Tiled surface treatment (p. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 .xml file. 100) Example pattern definition (p. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. 3. Other elements are optional. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. Save the TilePatternCatalog.

starting from the origin of the surface treatment. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .xml file.

The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder. Located in the . For example. 103) Tile pattern elements (p.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p..xml file.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 . TilePatternCatalog. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. herringbone. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p. Located in the . Filenames identify the pattern types..xml file.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.

and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. See also Chamfers (p. Required. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. 108) Cuts (p. and concrete panels). 112) Warping concrete parts (p. Optional. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. Optional. Color of the tile or mortar. concrete slabs. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. Optional. Required. defined from the origin of the pattern. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. The origin of an individual tile. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. 104) Fittings (p. Tile pattern element. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. Required.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. In Tekla Structures. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. See also Tiled surface treatment (p.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. and manufacturing reasons. 116) Splitting parts (p. 113) Cambering parts (p. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . practical. Required. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. 115) Combining parts (p. At least one required. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). steel and concrete polybeams. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. Optional. 100) 4.

The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. Double-click the handle of any part corner.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. See also Select the part. 3. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. You can modify the default chamfers. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. 2. which does not change the geometry of the part. Chamfers (p. Click Modify. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . 5. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. Modify the chamfer properties. 4. 105) Chamfering part edges (p.

Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. 105) Polybeam chamfers By default. You can modify the default chamfers.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges.

Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. 2. 3. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. Optional: Modify the chamfer. 4. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. b Modify the chamfer properties. See also Chamfering part corners (p. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. Select the part you want to chamfer. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box.

3. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. Pick the second point of the cutting line. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. c Click OK. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge.6. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 4. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. which makes it easier to create connections. details. and so on. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. 232) Chamfers (p. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. which passes through the cutting line you pick. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 2. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. 104) Creating a fitting (p. perpendicular to the view plane.

In situations like this. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. See also Fittings (p. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. For more information on how to change this. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . see Fittings affect NC data. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. You must create cuts in a plane view. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. use the Cut Part commands instead. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end.

Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. for example. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. You can cut parts that already have cuts. This can be useful. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part.

Pick the second point of the cutting line. 4. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. Select the part you want to cut. Cuts (p. To close the polygon. See also Cuts (p. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. 109) Polygon cuts (p. Select the part you want to cut. 3. 5. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. 4. 5. 2.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. 3. 109) Line cuts (p. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 2. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. Pick the side you want to remove. To cut a part with a line: 1. For example. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane.

contour plates. 2. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. The part cut does not affect other parts. concrete panels. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. concrete slabs. 3. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. 6. 109) Part cuts (p. 4. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. To cut a part with another part: 1. Select the cutting part. Pick an existing corner (1). move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. See also Cuts (p. Alternatively. 3. and strip footings. 4. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Select the part you want to modify.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. 3). Pick the corner to remove (5). Delete the cutting part. 5. 2. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. Pick another existing corner (4).

relative to the part reference line. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . To move the lower corner of the chamfer. use the dz1 field. 4. Fine-tuning part shape (p. 5. Move the chamfers. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. In the Start field. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. Click Modify to warp the slab.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. Click Modify to warp the beam. 2. See also Warping concrete parts (p. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. • 3. 3. In the End field. use the dz2 field. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. For example. Click OK to close the dialog box. 6. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. 2. Go to the Deforming tab. relative to the part reference line. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Modify the chamfer properties.

Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. 8. and go to the Deforming tab. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. For example. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. which warps the slabs. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. 6. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. 7.Linear dialog box. 2. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on.4. Select the chamfer you want to move. In the Move . See also Warping concrete parts (p. For example. Click Move. 5. To see the warping angle of a single slab. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. Click OK to close the dialog box. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. 4. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . type a value in the appropriate direction field.

and embeds in the model. When drawings are created. 4. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. Go to the Deforming tab. Cambering parts (p. define the degree of camber. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. skews. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. Cambering affects the position of cuts. in other words. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. Click Modify. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . In the Cambering field. including the template output. 2.See also Warping concrete parts (p. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. 104) Cambering a part (p. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. 3.

Click Modify. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. In the Shortening field. For example.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. See also Combining two parts into one (p. 2. When you select the parts you want to combine. 3. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. define the degree of shortening. 4. 2. Click Modify. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . In the Shortening field. 4. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. enter a negative value. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 115) 4. 3. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. Go to the Deforming tab. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. Go to the Deforming tab.

Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. Select the part to attach to. 3. 116) 4. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. Select the second part. You cannot split polybeams. When you combine parts. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon.1. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. Select the part you want to attach. You can use splitting with straight parts. 2. Select the first part. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. curved beams without offsets. 3. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Click Edit > Combine. See also Combining parts (p.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. 2. Combining parts (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 .

When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. Select the part you want to split. welds or surface treatments. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. 2. Click Edit > Split. If you split contour plates that have bolts. 2. 3. Splitting parts (p. See also Splitting parts (p. check the result after splitting. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. 3.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 4. and on the same side of the part. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. Pick a point for the dividing line. Select the part you want to split. See also Click Edit > Split.

To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. or a combination of both. 142) 5. keyboard shortcuts. 121) Moving the model (p. and backward to zoom out. or pull out for a wider view. You can use a mouse.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. 119) Rotating the model (p. 128) Visualizing project status (p. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. 119) Inquiring the model (p. 135) Checking the model (p. 122) Flying through the model (p. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. Scroll forward to zoom in. you can move and rotate the model. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. See also Zooming the model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 .

and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. 2. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. Place the mouse pointer over the model. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. • See also To zoom out. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. select Wire frame. See also Viewing the model (p. c Click Modify. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings.If you do not have a wheel mouse. press Page Up. see the corresponding menu tooltip. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. Zooming the model (p. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. For more information on each command. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. 2. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. Create a zoom window. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. press Page Down. If this option is off. Open a wire frame view of the model. b In the View type list box. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model.

See also Zooming the model (p. Click the Magnifier icon. keyboard shortcuts. As you move the pointer in the general view. and then drag the pointer to size the window. 4. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. menu commands. To rotate the model. To change the level of magnification. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. In wire frame views. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. zoom in and out in the zoom window. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail.e 3. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . Click a starting corner for the zoom window.

use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 213) Viewing the model (p. Define a specific rotation angle 1. For more information on each command. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. 3. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. Click Modify.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. To relocate the center of rotation. 2. 3. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. 2. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Press Ctrl + R. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. Pick a position in the view. press v. 2. See also Rotation settings (p. 2. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. and then pick a position in the view. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model.

To fly through a model: 1. press Esc. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. 4. left and right arrows on the keyboard. Move the model using the Pan command 1. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 2. c Click OK. To change the camera angle. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. Set view projection to Perspective. > Model View. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. 3. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.. or Shift+M. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Select a view. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. 2. To stop panning. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. 3. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. drag the mouse in the desired direction. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. select Perspective. you can travel through a model. • To change the flying direction. To activate the middle button pan.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . You can also adjust the field of view setting. Click View > Fly. • • To move up or down. down. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. 2. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. 5. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. c Click Modify. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. Use the up. b In the Projection list box. scroll with the mouse wheel.

press Esc. You can use screenshots in posters. 5. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. 2. To stop flying. press Esc. brochures. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. See also To delete a clip plane.. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete.• 6. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Click View > Create Clip Plane. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. 2. Viewing the model (p. or the entire Tekla Structures window. view. Select a plane. 6. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. 4. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. To create a clip plane: 1. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. To finish creating clip planes.. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. To move a clip plane.

. To capture the active view. Under Capture.bmp format. select Dialog. select Rendered view. as a custom component thumbnail. 6. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista.. 3. select View. 7.. 5. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. the screenshot commands might not always work properly.. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. Creating a screenshot (p. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. for example. select View without Borders. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. 125) Screenshot settings (p. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. See also Creating a screenshot (p. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. To print a screenshot: 1. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . select Main Frame. To capture the active view without borders. Set the desired properties and click OK.png) files. Click Options. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista.3. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. Click Capture.bmp) format to use it. 2. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. 4. Click Capture... click Pick view and select a view. 4. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Select Place on clipboard. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. 2. Creating a screenshot (p.

2. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen.. Select an object. 2. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p.. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. See also Inquiring object properties (p.5. Select a part.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. or a group of objects..rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. See also Inquiring object properties (p.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. For more information on how to use templates. and length of the selected model object. see the Template Editor user documentation. See also Inquiring the model (p. To inquire object properties: 1.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. 126) Object property report templates (p. within the model. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. weight. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. See also Inquiring the model (p. the tool shows the total area. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. By default. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder. • See also To change the formula of an attribute..\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. • To create new calculated attributes. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global...config file in any standard text editor.config file: 1. *. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. • To modify the calculated attributes. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. -. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. • To add more attributes to the tool window. click Add….config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool... Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. AVERAGE. • To change the order of the attributes.. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. and /) to form equations. • 4. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. Use the InquiryTool. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. the file contains 65 attributes. MAX. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 3. For example.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. Click Manage contents. edit the InquiryTool. 2. • To remove attributes from the tool window. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool.config file in the .lst file located in the .. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. To modify the default attributes. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users.. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.. Open the InquiryTool. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. click Edit. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. 2. 3... use the Up and Down buttons. The file is located in the . Change the position number of the new attribute. By default. or MIN) from the list box.

DISPLAY_NAME. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. 128) Display settings (p. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. When you redraw a view. 132) Object representation settings (p. UNIT. DATATYPE. 5. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. Modify the NAME. to open the Display dialog box. 2. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p.. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. For example. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. 216) Representation options In rendered views. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Showing and hiding objects (p. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. 126) 5.. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects.4. 128) Representation options (p. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 6. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p.lst file. Save the file. Click Display. 3. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 132) Object groups (p.

i. i. component objects are displayed as Rendered.e.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. Parts are transparent. surfaces are not. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . Example In this example.e. underlying parts are not visible. component objects are displayed as Rendered. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. parts are transparent. and their surfaces are shaded. In this example.

Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Other parts are almost completely transparent.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p.. 3.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed.. To completely hide the parts. • • See also To make the parts visible again. Showing and hiding objects (p. 2. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. when viewing clash check results in a large model.5 and Shift+1. for example. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. To hide selected parts: 1. This option is useful.. Select the parts you want to hide. for example. i. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. parts are not transparent.. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. This can be useful. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. The parts are shown as sticks.e. Click View > Hide Part. See also Showing and hiding objects (p.

Hide an assembly 1. Showing and hiding objects (p. fittings. Tekla Structures displays all parts. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. Showing and hiding objects (p. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. To clear the exact lines effect. bolts. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. 3. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. To make the parts visible again. To completely hide the unselected parts. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. To display a part with exact lines: 1. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. 2. To show the unselected parts as sticks. 2. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. cuts. Click View > Redraw All. welds. See also Select the part. Right-click and select Redraw View. Select the assembly you want to hide. The unselected parts become almost transparent. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. and other details belonging to the assembly. 2. click View > Redraw All.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. 4. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties.

welds. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. 133) Visualizing project status (p.Representation dialog box.. Click Object group. 4. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. Right-click and select Redraw View. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. to open the Object Group . The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. a Click Add row. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1.See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 2. d Add more rows. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p.. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. b Select options from the Category. 128) Creating an object group (p. Property. 3. and Condition list boxes. Click View > Redraw All. 133) Deleting an object group (p. 128) Refreshing views (p. type a value or select one from the model. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. 128) Refreshing views (p. Select the component you want to hide. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. Modify the object group settings. 2. and other details belonging to the component.. c In the Value list box. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations.. to open the Object Representation dialog box.

copy the file to the system folder. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.5. Object groups (p. 6. Object groups have the file name extension *.PObjGrp. 2. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . Select where you want to copy the object group. Restart Tekla Structures. • To make an object group available in another model. and they have the file name extension *. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. For example. Click Save as to save the object group. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. 2. Select the object group you want to copy.PObjGrp. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. Restart Tekla Structures. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. 3. • To make an object group available in all models. Object groups (p. See also Object groups (p. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1.

. 3.. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. Click Add row. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. To create object representation settings: 1. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 8.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. 9. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. 4. 6. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. If an object belongs to several object groups. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 7. 5.

See also Object representation settings (p. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. • To make the settings available in all models. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. Object representation settings (p. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. copy them to the system folder. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. • To make the settings available in another model. Apply.rep. 2.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. and they have the file name extension *. See also Object representation settings (p. 3. Restart Tekla Structures. 2. 213) Transparency settings (p. 133) 5. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. or OK. To create project status visualizations. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . See also Creating a visualization (p. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. For example. Select where you want to copy the settings.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. 133) Color settings (p. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.rep. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify.

Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. select one of the predefined object representation settings.. To view the visualization in the model. See also Visualizing project status (p. 4. Visualizing project status (p. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. c Define the length of the time step.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. copy them to the system folder. Restart Tekla Structures. a In the Object representation list box. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. • To make the settings available in another model. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. Restart Tekla Structures. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. 2. Modify the visualization settings. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. Select where you want to copy the settings. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. and they have the file name extension *. 5. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. 3.. click the step buttons.rep) and object group files (*. 2. • To make the settings available in all models. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. 3. 2. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .4d. 6. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. See also Visualizing project status (p. 4.4d.

2. 5. to open the Object Representation dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 .. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. To define an erection schedule: 1. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. Click View > Representation > Object representation. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. b In the Property list box.. Visualizing project status (p. 3. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model.. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example.. a In the Category list box. The Select Date dialog box appears. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. After that. e Select Review date and click OK. 6. 4. 3.. See also Visualizing project status (p. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model.Representation dialog box. select Earlier than or equal. c In the Condition list box. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. to open the Object Group . 137) Creating object representation settings (p. 2.In the following example.. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. Click User-defined attributes. See also Click Modify. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. 7. To make it easier to select parts. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. On the Status tab. To create the object group: 1. d In the Value list box. Click Object group. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. select Select date. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. Finally.. select Object. 8. select INSTALL_PLAN. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p..

To create visualization settings: 1. d In the Transparency list box. Define the length of the time step. select Color by class. To create object representation settings: 1. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization.. 5. b In the Object group list box. select Hidden. Click Save as. Click View > Representation > Object Representation.. c In the Color list box. Click Save as to save the visualization settings.. Click Save as. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. See also Object groups (p. In the box next to the Save as button. c In the Color list box. 5. a Click Add row. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. a Click Add row. 133) Visualizing project status (p. select the object group you just created. 4. In the Object representation list box. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. d In the Transparency list box. scheduled_erection_date. select Visible.. For example. plan_same_or_before_review_date. enter a name for the visualization. 5. enter a name for the object representation settings. 3. you will create project status visualization settings. 4. 138). select Color by class. In the box next to the Save as button. 132) Visualizing project status (p.4. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . In the box next to the Save as button. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. See also Object representation settings (p. b In the Object group list box. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. For example. 137). 7. select the object group All. 2. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. 3. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. 6. enter a name for the group. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 2. to open the Object Representation dialog box.

4. click the step buttons. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . To view the visualization in the model. 138). to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. To visualize the erection schedule: 1.. 3.See also Visualizing project status (p. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. Click Load.. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. In the list box next to the Load button. 2.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

See also Measuring objects (p. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. 135) 5. it is useful to check the model for errors. 143) Detecting clashes (p. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .5 Checking the model When the model is complete.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. 149) Finding distant objects (p.

Measuring objects (p. Pick the end point. 3. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. To measure bolt spacing: 1. Select a bolt group. 4. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. All measurements are temporary. Pick the starting point.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. 3. 4. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. the distance between two points and between bolts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . For more information on each command. 3. 2. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. Pick the starting point. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. 143) Measuring angles (p. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. Pick the center point. Pick the end point. 5. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. Measuring objects (p. 2. See also Measuring distances (p. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. Select a part. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window.

See also Finding clashes in a model (p. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. bolts. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . or reference model objects that collide. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts.See also Measuring objects (p. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model.

If colliding objects are found. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. You can continue working during the clash check. Select the objects you want to check. or stop checking. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. select a row in the clash check log.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. 3. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. Click Tools > Clash Check. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. you can choose whether to continue checking. To locate the colliding objects. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. 2. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p.

When you re-run clash check. Clash Check Manager (p. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. 1. 2. To see which properties have an effect. resolved. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. A check mark it is visible. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. 5. modified. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. Click to check the objects. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. 4. Only certain object properties affect this flag. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. if the profile has changed). 2. select a row in the list of clashes. or missing. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. When the clash check is complete. If the object has been modified (for example. See also To highlight a clash in the model. The clash is not new. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. You can continue working during the clash check. double-click a row. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . right-click one of the column headings. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. In the model. 3.

select a session. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. 3. Click . 3. 2. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. select the clashes whose status you want to change. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. In Clash Check Manager. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. 3. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. . 2. Click OK. In the Open dialog box. 2. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. In Clash Check Manager. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. See also Clash Check Manager (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 .Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu.

Modify the bolt clearance values. 5. enter a new name. icon. If you clear the check boxes.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. See also Clash Check Manager (p.. the clearance will be zero. 2. Save as. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. In the File name box. 3.To Save the active session Do this Click . 4. go to the Clash check page. 5. Click Save.00. 2. Click Apply or OK. 3. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. If the fields are empty... Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. Click Tools > Options > Options. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . By default. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. In the Options dialog box. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1. Click In the Save As dialog box.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

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153

For example. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts)..The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. When you run numbering. such as plates. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. To save time. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. Planning your numbering series (p. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. P1003. 154) Family numbers (p. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If you do this.. P1002. . 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. Example For example.

select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. they get unique qualifier numbers. Defining numbering series (p. define a part prefix and a start number. See also Defining numbering series (p. b Select a numbering series from the list. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. go to the Cast unit tab.. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. 2. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. However. and then click Add. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials.1. Under Compare. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. When you use family numbering. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . Go to the Family numbering tab. This can be used. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. 3. for example. Under Numbering series. Click Modify. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 4. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 3. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. 4. 2.

c Click Apply or OK. 7. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. Click Assign. 161) 6. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. 6. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. See also Defining numbering series (p. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. b Modify the settings. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 2. Family numbers (p. Click Apply. If a series overlaps another. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. If you do not select any check boxes. 5. only one family number per series is assigned.Select at least one check box. Update numbering in the model...db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. For more information on each command. See also Family numbers (p.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1.. 155) Clearing numbers (p. 4. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. If you select all the check boxes. but not all of them. 3. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap.. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. clear the existing numbers. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering.

Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes.See also Numbering settings (p. The default start number is 1. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. However. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. In this case you should renumber the parts. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. See also Numbering objects (p. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. If you add new parts. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. However. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. 159) Clearing numbers (p. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 158) Changing numbers (p. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. for example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. 158) Control numbers (p. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. The prefix varies based on the part type. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. the x coordinate.

if First direction is -X. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. When you assign control numbers. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. their z coordinates are also compared. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. 2. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. See also Numbering objects (p. their y coordinates are also compared. the sort order is X Y Z. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. For example. See also Select the parts. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. Second direction is Y. Numbering objects (p. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. Example In the following example.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. and Third direction is Z. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. With negative directions (such as -X).

158) Control number settings (p. do not select any parts. or specific parts. Click Apply. a In the Start number of control numbers field. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. or family numbers after you run numbering. define the interval.See also Numbering objects (p. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. 5. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. 7. 2. number the model. 3. assembly. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. See also Control numbers (p. 11. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. 2. to assign the control numbers 2. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. To only consider specific parts.. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. For example. In the Renumber list box. b In the Step value field. 6. select the parts. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. 8. do not select any parts in the model. 4. type the first control number to be used. 8. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . 5. This command does not change the numbering series. and then click Create. multi-position. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p.. etc. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. Click Apply. and then click Create.. Indicate which parts to consider. • 3. 4. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. Define the control numbers to be used. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. select the parts in the model. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. In the Status list box. specify which parts get control numbers. In the Numbering list box. • To consider all parts in the model. See also Control numbers (p.

See also Numbering objects (p. 4. This functionality only applies to steel parts. For more information on each command.1. If the number you specified is already in use. 2. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. See also Numbering objects (p. Select an object. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Assign. For more information on each command. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. Set the desired properties. Next time you run numbering. 2. This is for information only and the number is still changed. To create a standard-part model: 1. To clear the position numbers: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. 3.

. especially before producing drawings or reports. 12. STD2. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. > Numbering. 8. 9. 7. Number the model. See also Numbering objects (p. See also Numbering objects (p. 156) 6.. Save the standard-part model. Delete all unnecessary items. STD1. 11. 4... Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example.. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. Explode all components. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. see Numbering history log. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . 3.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. Open another model. 5. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 156) 6.. and so on).For example. 10. If you have selected the Part name check box. 13. For information on how to interpret the log file. StandardParts.. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering.. 2. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model.. and that it points to the correct standard-part model.

2. Unless you want to repair the entire model. 5. 156) Changing numbers (p. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 159) 6. Number the model. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. Number the model. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. 4. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. 3. To number identical beams: 1. See also Numbering objects (p. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. 6. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. Number the model.2. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. 4.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. 5. All the beams have the part position number P1. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. Modify one of the beams.

All beams have the same profile.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. but each pair has a different length. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. but the holes are different. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . and each pair has the same length. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. The parts have the same main profile. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p.

After the anchor rod numbering is complete. and another one for steel columns. 9. 5. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. To number anchor rods and columns: 1.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Create steel columns. 8. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. and then click Apply. Select one of the steel columns in the model. 4. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. Before you start. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. To number parts in selected phases: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 6.. 7. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 10.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. and then click Apply. 3. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. 2. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. divide the model into phases. Select the Column orientation check box. Select one of the anchor rods in the model.

3. and then click Apply. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. 5. Select the parts you want to number.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. For example. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project.. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. Select one of the parts you want to number. 6. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2.. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 4. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. Modify the numbering settings. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 7. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series.

164) General numbering settings (p. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts.

and erection sequences. 181) 7. based on purchasing contracts. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . and categorize object types. 172) Lotting (p.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. 171) Sequences (p. 167) Phases (p. 176) Sketched cross sections (p.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. lots. for example. You can classify information according to your needs. 174) Parametric modeling (p. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects.

See also Creating logical areas (p. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . You can create new logical areas for your own needs.

a Right-click Object Types. select the area for the section or the story. See also Organizing the model (p. Organizing the model (p.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. Create a path structure. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. See also In Model Organizer. To make it easier to view and select parts. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. and select Add Selected to Category. 2. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . 2. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. In large projects. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model.. d Click New Story. 4. c Click New Section. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). Click Tools > Model Organizer.. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . You can create new object type categories for your own needs. Click Tools > Model Organizer. In Model Organizer.. 5. 4... You can also create subtypes for object types. b Click New Building. b Click New Object Type. Create object type categories. 3. Select a section or story in Model Organizer.. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. right-click the selected section or story. a Right-click Logical Areas. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. In the model. In the model. 3. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1.

Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 2. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 2. Drag the objects to another category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. 3. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. See also Organizing the model (p. Drag the category to another location. 3. Right-click and select Remove from Category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. 1. See also Organizing the model (p. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. Select the objects in the model.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Select the new area in the model. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . 1. right-click the category and select Redraw View. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. 2. 1. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To show all objects again. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. To show all objects again. 1.

the columns. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object.. according to their phase number. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. 3. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences.. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. 2. 3. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. First create a basic model that includes. and copy objects from other models.). which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. etc. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. 5. and then click Modify phase. c Phases (p. hide objects.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. Click Add to create new phases. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . From now on. Right-click and select Delete.. 171) Custom phase properties (p. 4.. Organizing the model (p. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. 2. select the objects. You then copy this basic model to all users.. for example. This is phase 1. select a phase from the list.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. Click OK to save your changes. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. select an object and click Phases by objects. When a part of the model is completed. See also Dividing the model into phases (p.. 3. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. You can create reports and views. For example. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. Click OK to confirm. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. 4. Divide the model into phases. Click Tools > Phase Manager. 167) 7. a To identify the phase of an object. See also To change the phase of one or more objects.

If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .inp file. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. none. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. d Restart Tekla Structures. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. "My Info 1". Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. and the field_format must be %d. 3. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1".0". For example. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. If you click Yes.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. no. the second part number 2.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. To use phase properties in reports and templates.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. To create a new sequence: 1. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards.inp file in any standard text editor. To finish adding parts to the sequence. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. You can define several sequences for different purposes. See also Phases (p.inp file. "%d". The value_type must be integer. Creating a sequence (p. The first part gets the sequence number 1. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. a Open the objects. 4. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc.0") 2. "0. use the syntax PHASE. For example. Click Apply. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p.inp file. 5. 171) 7. "0. MY_INFO_1. 6. integer. Type a name for the sequence. c Save the file. add a new user-defined attribute. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. b In the Part attributes section. and so on.

3. Click Tools > Sequencer. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part... See also Sequences (p.. Click OK or Apply. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. Click User-defined attributes. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool.. To finish adding parts to the sequence. For example: See also Sequences (p.See also Sequences (p. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. MY_INFO_1. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. 2. 4. See also Sequences (p. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number.. Select a part. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. Click Modify. 5. 4. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. For example. Modify the sequence number. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. If the sequence changes. 3. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. Select a sequence name from the list. To check the sequence of a part: 1. you must redefine the whole sequence.

Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. 175) Deleting a lot (p. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. For most model parts. 4.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. For example. When you define lots. Click Properties. See also Lotting (p. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. 175) Sequences (p. With this information. Click Delete and then click Yes.. in a ten-cubic-yard truck).2. the weight is based on the size. See also Select a sequence name from the list. Sequences (p. See also Creating a lot (p. However. 3.. and material of the part. Click Add. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. 172) 7. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. To view the properties of a part.. 2. 3. length. Type a lot number in the Number field. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. 6. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. 5. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. For example. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field.. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. In that case.

Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. 4. 2. Select an existing lot from the list. Click Properties. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot.. 3. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. 3. Click OK to close the dialog box. When you hold down Shift. To add parts to a lot: 1. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. When you re-open the dialog box. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. 4. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Select an existing lot from the list. 5. 2. Click Apply selected. 4. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. Click Apply selected. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. 2..Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. Lotting (p. Lotting (p. 3. See also Lotting (p. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. If you simply select parts. Click OK to close the dialog box. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . Select an existing lot from the list. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. 5. Click Delete. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.

Create dependencies. such as a beam or column.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Variables can define fixed properties. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. They can also include formulas.7. such as the name of a column. location and relationship to other parts. including its geometry. For example. so that when you move the wall. between model objects. or relationships. the column follows. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

. Open a Tekla Structures model. the Sketch Browser. 2.. and how to use them in a model.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. and the Variables dialog box.. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. 53) 7.See also Parametric modeling (p. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. 176) Parametric profiles (p. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.

dimensions. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 182) Variables (p. arcs.See also Sketch Browser (p. circles. tree-like structure. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. and vice versa. constraints. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser.

Lines. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . or 2) and thickness of the sketch. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. 1=Line . or they can include formulas. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions.. 1. Variables can define fixed properties..The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. arcs. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None.

4. arcs. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. Ensure that you create a closed shape. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. 2.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. Pick points to create each line segment. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. Open the cross section sketch editor. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . such as a cold rolled section. 184) Sketching an arc (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. 185) Sketching a circle (p. and circles. See also Sketching a polyline (p. To sketch a polyline: 1.

2. Open the cross section sketch editor. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. To sketch an arc: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. 2. Pick three points to define the arc. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Open the cross section sketch editor. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). To sketch a circle: 1. 4.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p.

you can straighten lines.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Select a line in the sketch (1). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. and add chamfers in corners. Although the shape is locked. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. To straighten the entire profile. For example. force lines to meet. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. you can still rotate the profile in the model. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. create 90 degree angles. Select another line in the sketch (2). 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. Before you start. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. To add a parallel constraint: 1. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. close the shape. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. 3. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p.

sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. The lines do not have to intersect. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. by extending or shortening one or both lines. The lines do not have to intersect. Before you start. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Select a line in the sketch (1). Before you start.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. 3. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select another line in the sketch (2). 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select.

Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal.1. 2. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. 3. Before you start. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. See also Select a line in the sketch. Pick the end of the second line. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Before you start. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Pick the end of the first line (1). 4. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2). Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. To add a fixed constraint: 1. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.

See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. 2). Click Refresh. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. 3. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. To add a vertical constraint: 1. 4. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select the constraint you want to delete. Before you start. Select the lines you want to straighten (1.

Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. if you create the dimension marked in red. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. Select the arc or circle. Before you start. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. To add a radial dimension: 1. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. In the following example. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Select the second line (2). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). If you are unable to see the angle symbol. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. Before you start. between two points you pick. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. To add an angle dimension: 1. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Select the first line (1). Before you start. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. 3. 3. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. Select the connection positioning planes. 3. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. 2. 2. 2. 4. Select the part positioning planes.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 4. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . Click Modify. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Click to show the part positioning planes. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 3. Click to show the connection positioning planes. To revert to the default positioning planes. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. Change the Value field.

do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. and then click OK. and then click OK. Type a name in the Prefix field. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. 5. for example. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. To save a sketched cross section. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . or blank spaces in the cross section name. Click Save sketch . You cannot include numbers. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. Click Save sketch . 2. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. 2. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. Click Save sketch as . See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. 2. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder.4. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. special characters.bin file.db1 file. Type a new name in the Prefix field. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. Update an existing cross section 1.

198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. 2. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. 7. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. 3. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes.. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. 5. Close the object properties dialog box. you can create rounded cross section corners. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow.. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Double-click an object to modify its properties. Modify the object properties. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. To modify a chamfer: 1. For example. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. Click OK to close the dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. See also next to their name. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. 2. 5. such as a cold rolled section. 4. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. Click Modify. 4. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. 6. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric.

2. P1) after =. 3. or symmetrically in both directions. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. define the default value for the parameter variable. sketch an open polyline. b Type the extrusion type number (0. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. In the Sketch Browser. When you change the thickness. or 2) after =. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. P1). right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 1. 4.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . In the Formula column. the profile grows inwards. depending on the extrusion type. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. Type the value of the thickness after =. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. outwards. In the cross section sketch editor. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser.

Select a profile with the sketched cross section. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box.. button next to the Profile field. you are ready to use it in the model. Open the Select Profile dialog box. Pick points to place the part in the model. If you have applied constraints correctly. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. Click OK to apply the changes. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. • 3. See also For concrete parts.. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. 7. • For steel parts. 2. 4. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . Optional: If the cross section is parametric. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. click the button next to the Shape field. click the Select. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. 5. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. 6.

Save the image in bmp format in the . you have to export the cross section to a file (*. Open the cross section sketch editor.bmp. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.. 5. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. 2. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. for example Microsoft Paint. 3. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. mysketch. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model.uel). for example. Use the cross section name as the filename. 4. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary..\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example.

To import sketched cross sections: 1.. Click OK. 7.. 4. from the pop-up menu. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . browse for the folder.. 6. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. 7. 6. or copy the profdb. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. right-click and select Import. To automatically import all *. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. To export several cross sections. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model.uel). 2. 5. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. from the pop-up menu. 3.bin file. Select Sketched profiles from the list. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. In the Export Components dialog box. By default. Click OK. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. you need to import both the cross section and profile. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. In the component list. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. select Sketched profiles from the list box. In the Import Components dialog box.. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. 2. 3. 4. 8. Select the file to import. To use profiles from a model. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. 5. Right-click and select Export. Select the cross sections you want to export.

Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. After that. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. 2. Finally. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. When you use the profile in the model. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. Open the cross section sketch editor. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. At this stage. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. you will use the cross section in a model.

Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 4.3. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 181) Sketching a polyline (p. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 .

and h2. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. h1. enter the following values for the distances: 4. In the Variables dialog box. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . h2. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. command to create the distances h1. Save the cross section. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. and 3.2. 5. 198) Variables (p.

In the Variables dialog box. select Show. d In the Label in dialog box box. 183) Sketch Browser (p. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. c In the Visiblity box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . select Add equation from the pop-up menu. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. select Show. b In the Formula box. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. b In the Formula box. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 3. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. See also Save the cross section. enter 20. enter Thickness. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. enter Chamfer. and then enter =P1. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. a Right-click Thickness. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. In the Sketch Browser. 2.1. d In the Label in dialog box box. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 3.00. 2.00. enter 10. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. do the following: . b Right-click ExtrusionType. In the Variables dialog box. c In the Visiblity box. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. Variables (p.

6. In the Sketch Browser. For concrete parts. Pick points to place the part in the model. and select the CSHAPE profile. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. • For steel parts. click the Select. and then enter =P2.. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. button next to the Profile field. 183) Sketch Browser (p. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. 199) Variables (p. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. 5. Open the Select Profile dialog box. b Right-click Chamfer X. • 3.. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. click the button next to the Shape field. Click OK to apply the changes. 2.4. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. 4. See also Save the cross section. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. 5.

198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 .See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p.

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

211) Grid line properties (p. 211) View settings (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 213) Transparency settings (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . See also Grid properties (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 214) Screenshot settings (p. 227) Numbering settings (p. 212) Rotation settings (p. 217) Detail properties (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 233) 8. 212) Point properties (p. 213) Color settings (p. 215) Part properties (p.

y. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. Select to bind objects to the grid line. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Grids (p. and z directions (x and y are relative.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. Grid lines (p.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane.. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. Select to bind objects to grid lines. y.. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . z is absolute). 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line. See also X . The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x.. Option Phase The phase number. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . and z directions.. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes.

If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. See also Object representation settings (p. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. y. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups.Option Id The ID number. All parts are colored according to their Class property. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis.Rotate and Move . Coordinates See also Points (p. Indicates the correct location of the point. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. You can filter objects by their ID numbers. Option As is The current color is used. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. and z coordinates of a point. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. The local (work plane) and global x. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. which is used in log files. The rotation angle between the original and new position. Defines the number of copies created.

The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. Object is not shown in the views. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Object representation settings (p. The Options. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings.. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. Option As is The current visibility. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. There are limitations to pixel density. the settings will be read from that object group. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Saves the screenshot to a file. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. Sets the line width.. Object is transparent in rendered views. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. The height of the screenshot. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined.

Rotation is view-specific. 124) 8.See also Creating a screenshot (p. 215) Grid view properties (p. See also View properties (p. The appearance of the model in the view. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. Display. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. Opens the Object Group . Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties..2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. You can zoom. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). Visible object group Object group. Which object group is displayed in the view. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. or fly through it. In addition. rotate the model... The projection type of rendered views. When you zoom. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. the zoom remains on part surfaces.. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model)... Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. 215) Display settings (p. See also Views (p. as do text and points. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . text and point size remains the same.

PLAN +3000. This name overrides the name in the view properties.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model.. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. or large parts of it. e. This option increases display speed significantly. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. None does not create any views. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. The Show. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. Some of these settings may affect system performance. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. See also Creating grid views (p. when viewing the entire model. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. Reference line shows parts as sticks. Each view plane has its own view properties. washers. no prefix is used. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties.g. If the View name prefix field is left empty. but skips cuts. Exact displays the cuts. Exact shows bolts. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. and nuts as solids. button displays the current view properties. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges..

Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. 220) Twin profile properties (p. When using this option. In view does not increase the point size. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. 218) Contour plate properties (p. Exact shows holes as solids. This option is only available in wire frame views. Point size Defines the size of points in views.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. 222) Strip footing properties (p.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. See also Steel column properties (p. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. 128) 8. 218) Steel beam properties (p. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. 223) Concrete column properties (p. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). 221) Pad footing properties (p. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . 225) Concrete slab properties (p. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p.

Creating a steel column (p. steel polybeam. etc. The user-definable name of the column. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. How the column is rotated around its axis. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .g. e. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column.clm. For example. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. It describes how the part surface has been treated. and shortening of the column. The support conditions of the column ends. The analysis properties of the column. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. Warping. The horizontal position of the column. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. Finish is user-definable. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The assembly mark series of the column. Class Used to group columns. fire retardant coating. with anti-corrosive paint. and to identify parts of the same type. relative to its reference point. The material of the column.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. or curved beam. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The type of finish. The design information of the column. The position of the column. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. relative to its reference point. cambering. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. hot galvanized.prt.

Finish is user-definable. The position of a beam on the work plane. Warping. The analysis properties of the beam. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . The finish type. with anti-corrosive paint. For example. and to identify parts of the same type. The material of a beam. Class Used to group beams. The loading properties of the beam. The user-definable name of a beam.g. fire retardant coating. etc. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. The support conditions of the beam ends. hot galvanized. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. cambering.cpl. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. The position of a beam. and shortening of the beam. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. The design information of the beam. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The assembly mark series of the beam. e. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. Creating a steel beam (p. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.

The analysis properties of the contour plate. perpendicular to the work plane. in terms of depth. For example. The user-definable name of the beam. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Profile The profile of the contour plate. and to identify parts of the same type. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. The user-definable name of the contour plate. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The material of the contour plate. for example PL20.crs. The format is PL+ thickness. The finish type. The material of the beam. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. The spanning properties of the plate. e. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. etc. The loading properties of the plate.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. The design information of the contour plate. with anti-corrosive paint. Profile Material The profile of the beam. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. The assembly mark series of the beam. Finish is user-definable. fire retardant coating. and to identify parts of the same type. The position of the contour plate. hot galvanized.g. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Creating a contour plate (p.

etc. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. For example.dia. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Finish is user-definable.Option Finish The finish type. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. e. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. The type of finish. The material of the beams. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The horizontal position of the beam. relative to its reference point. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. relative to its reference point. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *.g. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. with anti-corrosive paint. with anti-corrosive paint. e. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. and to identify parts of the same type. fire retardant coating. The analysis properties of the beam. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. The user-definable name of the twin profile. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . The support conditions of the beam ends. hot galvanized. The position of the beam. Class Used to group beams. fire retardant coating. The design information of the beam. hot galvanized.g. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Finish is user-definable. etc.

and to identify parts of the same type.g. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. fire retardant coating. The design information of the twin profile. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .Option Class Used to group twin profiles. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. hot galvanized. relative to its reference point. The offsets of the ends of the beam.cpf. The analysis properties of the twin profile. e. relative to the beam’s reference line. For example. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. Class Used to group pad footings. The vertical position of the pad footing. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. with anti-corrosive paint. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. etc. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. The material of the pad footing. The vertical clearance between the profiles. Finish is user-definable. For example. The beam position. Creating a twin profile (p. Defines how the profiles are combined. The type of finish. perpendicular to the work plane. in terms of depth.

you can display parts of different classes in different colors. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . hot galvanized. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. relative to its reference point. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. with anti-corrosive paint. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. etc. The type of finish. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Finish is user-definable. For example. fire retardant coating. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. Creating a pad footing (p.csf. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *.g. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. e. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. and to identify parts of the same type. The analysis properties of the strip footing. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. The material of the strip footing. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. Class Used to group strip footings.

Creating a strip footing (p. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. The type of finish. fire retardant coating. How much the column is rotated around its axis. For example. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point.g. Finish is user-definable. Class Used to group columns. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. cambering and shortening of the column.ccl. etc. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. Warping. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. e. The support conditions of the column ends. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The material of the column. The design information of the column. Creating a concrete column (p. The analysis properties of the column. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. hot galvanized. and to identify parts of the same type. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Define the cast unit series of the column. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. with anti-corrosive paint. The design information of the footing.

The analysis properties of the beam. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. Warping. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Class Used to group beams. hot galvanized. The loading properties of the beam. Creating a concrete beam (p. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The type of finish. For example. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. Finish is user-definable.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. cambering and shortening of the beam. The material of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The support conditions of the beam ends. The beam position on the work plane. e. and to identify parts of the same type. The design information of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . relative to its reference line. etc. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. Define the cast unit series of the beam. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *.cbm. fire retardant coating. The offsets of the ends of the beam. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam.g.csl.

with anti-corrosive paint. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . etc.cpn. For example. The type of finish. etc. The spanning properties of the slab. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. perpendicular to the work plane. Class Used to group panels. Creating a concrete slab (p. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. The position of the slab. and to identify parts of the same type. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). e. Finish is user-definable. Finish is user-definable. hot galvanized. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. Define the cast unit series of the slab. The type of finish. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. It describes how the part surface has been treated. For example. and to identify parts of the same type. fire retardant coating. in terms of depth. The design information of the slab.g. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. fire retardant coating. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. e. The loading properties of the slab. The material of the panel. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. It describes how the part surface has been treated. hot galvanized. with anti-corrosive paint. The material of the slab.g. Class Used to group slabs. The analysis properties of the slab.

in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. Bolt assembly standard/grade. relative to its reference line. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. The loading properties of the panel.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. 229) Weld types (p. The analysis properties of the panel. 227) Weld properties (p. Creating a concrete panel (p. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. 81) 8. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . The spanning properties of the panel. The offsets of the ends of the panel. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. Define the cast unit series of the panel. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. The position of the panel. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The design information of the panel. See also Bolt properties (p.

This allows the bolt to move in different directions. or co-ordinate.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects.g. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. or coordinate. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. Extra length Additional bolt length. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. If the bolt connects several parts. group diameter. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. depending on the bolt group shape. in both directions from the bolt group plane. In the illustration below. number. enter a negative value for cut length (e. y allowance of a slotted hole. For example. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. Zero for a round hole. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. Bolt spacing.e. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. Bolt spacing. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. Zero for a round hole. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . x allowance of a slotted hole. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. Tolerance = Hole diameter . If there are large gaps between the connected parts. depending on the bolt group shape. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. -150).

231). 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. relative to the current work plane. Tekla Structures creates the weld.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. Bolts (p. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. but does not display it drawings. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. The size of the weld. Type Angle See Weld types (p. 93). Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. or groove. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. The angle of weld preparation. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. bevels. At depth Dx. For example. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. not in drawings. Dy.

Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. for example. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. To create a non-continuous weld. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. for example 50–100. defining the start and end points of the weld. To change the separator to @. information about the weld specification or process. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. 92). The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. for example. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. The space between the welded parts. 72). See Weld position (p. For example. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded.

Defines the electrode strength. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Defines the process type.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. Welds (p. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Defines the electrode strength coefficient.

Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The dimension depends on the chamfer type. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. The dimensions of the chamfer. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. to give plates varying thicknesses. for example. See also Chamfering part corners (p. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. Use these fields. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. The name of the chamfer.

Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. The shape and position of the first end point. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. and the shape is angled. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. See also Chamfering part edges (p. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. See also General numbering settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 .Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. 107) 8. All information on previous numbers is lost. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. The shape and position of the second end point. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. 234) Control number settings (p. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. and the shape is straight. and the shape is straight. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction.

Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. The part name affects numbering. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. and save sequence. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. The orientation of columns affects numbering. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. 157). Numbering objects (p. See Assembly position numbers (p. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. The orientation of beams affects numbering. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. size. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and number of holes affects numbering. numbering.

All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. No keeps the existing control numbers. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 .Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Control numbers (p. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. See also Numbering objects (p. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. Defines the interval between two control numbers. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. If some welds have been removed. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. Needed only with the By numbering series option. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. See also Defining default part properties (p.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 239) Right-hand rule (p. 2. 241) 9. 237) Part positioning tips (p. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p.

Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. c Enter the values you want to use. Before you start. from simple frames to entire floors. 7. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. 2. Click Save as to save the set of properties. or an object group. The dialog box remains open on the screen. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. Save time by modeling these areas once. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. Click Load to load the properties. 5. selection filters. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. Depending on the project. For example. try modeling an entire floor. b Select an object. Start the Move or Copy command. then copying them throughout the model. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. 6. This can useful when creating view filters. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. when creating grids and levels in a new model. In the box next to the Save as button. then copying it to several levels. enter BEAM. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. create an empty view or selection filter. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. For a project that has several identical floors. and object groups.3. 4. To use a default set of part properties. For example. To stop copying or moving objects. enter a name for the set of properties. 3. for example. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model.

4. to open the Select date dialog box. Views (p. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. a b To select an object property. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. You can either select a date from the calendar. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. the index finger the y axis. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. click Select date. • See also Use the Page Up.. With Xmouse active. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1.To select values from the model: 1. In the Value list box. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 2. you can use the Xmouse option. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse.. click Select from model. or define the number of days before or after the review date. Page Down and arrow keys. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers.. 132) Creating a visualization (p. and then select one of the options. and then select an object. and the middle finger the z axis. 2. select the review date. 2. When you hold the thumb. 3. To activate a view. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. To select a date. Click Add row. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view.. 3. select one of the options. Download and install the application. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. index finger. Open the Background color in model editor document. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view.

Try to position the cut at least 0. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. To locate the failure in the model.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. See also Cuts (p. Click Modify. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0.3 mm outside of the part planes. Click Display. Clear the Cuts check box. Cuts (p. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. use polygon cuts. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. If the component fails. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. 4.. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. to open the Display dialog box. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. especially in components. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. the cut is more likely to succeed.3 mm). • • • • If a cut fails. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure.. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. Note that after creating the polygon. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. For example. 3. 2.

See also Modifying part length (p. Click a row that contains an ID number. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. move the part handles. To lengthen a part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . 2. or use the Fit Part End command. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. Hold down Z. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 2. This can cause shop errors. It can cause problems with connections and details. Click a row that contains an ID number. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. move the part handles. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. Hold down F. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p.

pick positions from left to right. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. always pick points in the same direction. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern.See also Part position (p. Create points. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. Creating a single grid line (p. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. and from bottom to top (in positive x. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. 40) Points (p. Use construction planes. lines and circles. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. such as beams. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. For example. y directions). 57) Fittings (p.

.. 71 using bolts to create assemblies .............65 bolts ...................................84 chamfering......... see visualizing project status .................................... 71..............................................................79 curved beams............................... 117 c cambering parts..... 218 steel polybeams .............. 174 nested assemblies ............................................................... 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 .......................................................... 70 adding objects . 30 angle dimensions ............ 71 using welds to create assemblies ............................ 75 showing and hiding ......................... 225 concrete polybeams ..................................................................... 74 changing the main assembly.........................................................................................115 concrete beams..................82 adding objects ....................83 highlighting ......... 39 4D tool..................................................69 steel beams ................ 75 joining..........................................105 corner chamfers .................................................................................................................... 72 attaching parts...................104 corner chamfer dimensions ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 lotting.. 76 highlighting ................................................................................................................105 corner chamfer types..................87 bolt group shape.................................................................. 71 examples................................148 creating................................................................................................................................................................ 75 changing the main part........................................................................ 79.....................................107 in sketches ......................83 casting direction .............83 top-in-form face .................................................... 149 creating ...82 creating.................................................................... 191 angles............83 cast units ............................................................67 warping........................143 bolting sub-assemblies.................................................................174 numbering ...82 cast unit type ........................................84 changing the main part................................................................. 135 beams cambering....... 143 arcs............................................82 exploding ................................................................................................................................................................................. 85......88 a absolute coordinates ............................. 15 views ..........................88 bolt spacing .............................................................81 adding non-concrete objects .................................................................................................................................................................................................115 cast in place.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................199 b background color changing....................................................................... 157 removing objects .........................68 orthogonal beams....................................... 185 assemblies .......................................................................Index # 3D models... 131 sub-assemblies .............................................................................................................................. 74 numbering .......... 227 bolt group position ...73................................................ 76 exploding..73............ 23 examples......................................... 86........................................................................... 75 comparing ...............................................................................................................................................157 removing objects ............................................................................................................83 lotting.......................................72 clash checking................. 88 modifying ...86 bolt offsets ..................... 67.........................................................................................105 edge chamfers.........................113 bending..................

........................................239 grid color......213 finding RGB values............................................... 69.....40 construction circles ................................................................................147 list of clashes .............189 construction objects ..........187 deleting .............. 105.......................... 159 settings ................................113 constraints........................ 146 clash checking ...................................................146 class. 78............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 146.............. 226 polybeams .................. 51.................................................................................68.............105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................23 background color examples................................................................ 78.................................................189 fixed ....187 vertical ..................... 144.................................133 object representation settings...136 corner chamfers .........................................................142 circles...238 object groups .................................... 66.............55 background color ......................................................................................................................186 coincident............. 31 columns concrete columns ....................... 28........... 222 panels ........... 78............................................................................................................................235 coordinates coordinate system.........79 slabs .................................................187 colliding objects .... 116......................................................................144 colors .....................148 changing priority ..........167 clip planes................... 78..................................................................................................................................... 81..............checking sketched cross sections ..... 219 control numbers ............... 224 pad footings .......................104......................................................................................185 Clash Check Manager ....................... 232 types and dimensions ........................................................................................................................ 224 steel columns................................84 columns ..........................135 project status visualizations ....................................................... 218 combining parts ...149 components showing and hiding............................................................... 80........................................................................................................................................188 parallel ................. 117 comparing parts or assemblies................................146 managing results .......................................................... 145....................................................... 223 warping ........................41 construction planes...186 perpendicular ................ 55 classifying information ...........................................................................................147 changing status ...........41 construction lines ............28 copying hints and tips.............................................132 concrete parts .............197 checking the model...................................................................................147 symbols ....124 coincident contraints ...................................... 225 cast units......................................81 casting direction........................................................ 145.............146 sessions........................................................................................................................................................................... 225 strip footings .........188 horizontal .................................................. 158........................23 color settings .............. 79...............................................................................77 beams .......................40 contour plates .... 149 bolts ..........................................

.................................................................................. 134 object type categories ................................................................. 184 slabs.......................... 137.........................................................................................................192 display settings .....................................................................................................192 in sketching ......137 numbering .................... 88 sketched cross sections ..........................................191 deleting from a sketch .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 79 concrete slabs ................................................. 111 d deleting logical areas ...................................................................................................................................................................... 164............ 78 concrete panels...........70.........................126 adding attributes.................................................................. 181 sketching cross sections .240 line cuts .................................................................... 108 grid lines........171 e edge chamfers................ 82 clip planes ................................................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ............... 71 bolts. 107....... 132 object representation settings ................................................................................ 80 construction circles.............................................109 hints and tips ..................................................68............................................................................................. 69 pad footings. 160 steel beams.......................................................................................................216 distances measuring.................................................................................. 168 strip footings..........................48 dimensions angle.................... 35 welds ......... 86 cast units ................................................ 91............. 93. 78 sub-assemblies ............... 74 object groups................................................... 80 standard-part models ............................ 41 construction lines ................................. 174 models............................... 79 concrete columns .................................................... 68 fittings........................ 90 logical areas .................................... 40 contour plates....................................................................................................................................................... 78 project status visualizations ........143 dividing models..................................................................... 30 holes.......................................................... 67 steel columns .................171 exact lines.................. 109........................... 112 polygon cuts ...... 232 end offsets ................................................... 139 erection sequences ...........................................63 erection schedules........................101 visualizing erection schedules..162.................. 136 screenshots...........................191 between two points................190 vertical ........................ 169 orthogonal beams ..... 67 storys.............................................................227 DGN supported objects ....................................................................................23 creating object groups .................89......127 cuts ................................................................................................................................................................................................204 defining erection schedules................................. 168 lots....................................................................................................................................... 172 single bolts .........................................131 examining the model ..........................................................137 creating object representation settings.................................. 81 concrete polybeams ............................................171 object types ... 71 tile patterns......................................................................................................................................................................... 69 curved beams...........creating assemblies .......171 detail properties .........................................................................190 radial............................................................................................... 165 tile pattern definition ....................139 visualizing project status ..................65..................138 creating project status visualization settings ......................................................................................... 38 grids .......... 66 steel polybeams ....119 examples assemblies .... 70 views ..................................... 111 part cuts............................. 163............ 109.............................. 124 concrete beams........................................................................... 16 nested assemblies ... 181 curved parts................................................................................................ 124 sections .................................................................. 110......................76 background colors ................... 168 sequences.................... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor.. 104.............................................................. 100 twin profiles .............................................................................................................................. 68 Custom Inquiry ...................................................................... 41 construction planes .........................193 horizontal..138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section.............................................127 modifying contents ............................ 32 grid views ...............................................................................

...........58 reference models ............................................................... 223 g global coordinate system .........163 modifying .............................29 properties........................76 cast units ....................................................................................200 f family numbers ...................................................................................................................................................................... 90 horizontal constraints ............................153 importing points ...........................................................................................188 horizontal dimensions ..............................................................................................203 extrusion types......... 28....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 31 labels .......................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...................................240 grid labels .131 local coordinate system .......................192 horizontal position ............................................................75 cast units...................................................................................................................................................exploding assemblies......................................145 finding distant objects ........................................................................................................... 31 line extensions.......................131 components .............................................. 111 lines exact .. 89....................28 grid lines ..........................................................................................................................155 example .......................................................................................57 of positioning planes..............................................................62 i identical areas......................................................................................26 highlighting assemblies..........78..............................................................................215 grids coordinates ......................................................................................................................................75 l lengthening parts ..................................................126 object properties ......................27 hiding assemblies..............................................108 fixed constraints...30 creating...............................................................................................................33 properties..................................................... see tips .....................84 unselected parts ....130 top-in-form face......................................................................................42 sketched cross sections............................ 109............................................................126 j joining assemblies......................56 positioning planes ......................203 inquiring models ............................................................................ 222............31 grid color.............................................................................149 fittings ..............................30 deleting ......................45 hints and tips......................................................................................31 part labels ........................................32 creating...........32 deleting ........................................................................188 flying through model ...........................83 exporting sketched cross sections ..............238 parts........................................64 line cuts.................................................................................................................................................116 levels.......................................................83 reference models ...................131 work area ...................................................................152 reinforcements ............132 cut lines......................237 holes .......................................................45 selected parts ........................57 moving ........211 work plane grid ..........................................................................................................................................195 reference lines ............................29 modifying .............................................28 h handles ...........31 origin...........156 finding clashes ....................................212 grid views creating................................. 29....................................................................................................................................................123 footings ............................33 modifying ...............................................38 properties..............................................................

............................................................................158 reinforcements............................................................................................................................................................................................ 175 creating ........................ 153....................................................................132 deleting............161 identical parts ................................................................. 142 creating .............................................................................................. 163................... 21 Model Organizer...................133 creating.................................................................. 175 removing ........................................................................... 156 about numbering .....................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 .138 object types .172 series.................. 119 zooming............. 121 saving..................122 positioning planes........................... 158............................................. 237 identical areas ............................................................................57 n nested assemblies............................... 156 settings ............................................................ 16 dividing into phases.......................................... 73.................................................................................135 creating.....................................................................167 viewing .................133 copying ... 155....... 54 measuring objects .......................................................... 58 Model Editor screen layout................................................................... 171 examining....................................160 control numbers.......................................................................................................... 119 modifying logical areas ........................................................................log files viewing .................. 169 object types ...............................238 models in a view........................... 126 moving.............................................. 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)............................... 151 organizing...................... 156..195 using handles ................................................................................................. 154.................. 143 angles.............................................................................160 user-defined attributes................................167................... 164............................................................................................................................. 233................................................. 120 materials.....157 cast units ...................................................................................... 234.............................132 color settings ........................................... 74 numbering...............................................126 object representation settings.................................. 122 numbering ........213 copying to another model ........................................................................................................................................................................152 numbering settings ...........................................................................................151 assemblies ................................................. 235 standard-part model .............. 119 flying through model........................... 168 viewing ................................................................................................................ 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position .....................................................................133 example.... 238 parametric modeling................................ 176 rendered or plan view?.. 151..........................134 deleting................................. 123 inquiring..........................157 sequences ......................................................................153 what affects .........................................161 clearing................................................................................... 15 checking for errors ........................ 170 lotting.............. 17 viewing .. 159 examples ..... 114 models about 3D models .......................................................................................................... 174 adding parts ........ 174 deleting.................................................................................................................................................159 numbering series.....162......153 modifying ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 167 modeling hints and tips .............................233 m Magnifier.............. 143 distances ................................................154 preliminary numbers........................................................................ 175 moving hints and tips .............................. 165 family numbers .............. 163 history................157 checking and repairing ....................................................................................................137 transparency settings ............... 169 o object groups .......................152 identical reinforcements .............. 143 bolt spacing ......................................... 167 rotating ..............135 example......................................................214 object property report templates................................... 241 logical areas ...............................................

.................................................................176 profiles ................................................................................................................................... 144................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................................................................................156 placing objects in model ......220 overlapping numbering series ....................................................................56 part properties.............143 numbering.......156 views..................... see attaching parts .............................................. 57.................. 110........................................................ 111 polygon shapes......................................167 orthogonal beams ............................objects clash checking .....66 user-defined attributes ......................................42 phase and ID ............................................................ 222 panels .........................................................................241 numbering..... 112 default properties ........................................................54 modifying part length ............................................................................................................................. 154....................................................115 changing the material .........................212 properties........ 67..................................42 coordinates ............................ 145 defining visibility........174 material ..........................................................56 showing and hiding................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................117 part labels ...........................................................................................54 changing the profile ......................................................126 measuring................212 polybeams..55 warping ..................................................... 156 part types ..........................................242 showing and hiding..............................242 positioning .......115 shortening in drawings..................................... 172............................................................116 comparing ......................................217 parts adding to assembly..................................................................122 parallel constraints.................................................................................................131 showing with exact lines ...........................................................242 identical parts.....................212 importing ................................................................186 parametric modeling ........ 58 profiles .................39 points ...............................................................239 oversized holes..................................237 hiding .................................................113 perpendicular constraints.........................................................................................................................................77 cutting with another part ....176 parametric profiles .............116 lotting .................................................................63 opening models .........................152 labels .........................................................................................................................................171 in numbering ..........................51 sequences ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................74 assemblies....................................................................115 lengthening in drawings ........52 properties..................................149 inquiring properties ............................................... 78.............................................................................................56 lengthening .............................................................................................130 horizontal parts ........164 plane views ........................................................52 position ..........................................128 offsets .................65 cambering ..............................................................112 polygon welds .........................................................................116 showing only selected parts..... 173 shortening ............................ 109..............................................................................................................117 steel parts .........................................................131 splitting..81 panning .................70 bending ......52 combining .....................149 concrete parts ...................................................................................53 part add........................................................................................90 p pad footings ......... 79 polygon cuts..............................................93 polylines .............17 organizing the model ...........................................................128 finding distant objects .....187 phases ...............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 136 deleting...................................153 numbering ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................149 RGB values ... 59 rotation ................................................................................................................................................. 147 profiles...............................................................59 rotation settings ..................... 65 depth .......................................................................... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes...................................................................................... 47 selecting .........................................................239 right-hand rule ..............................................239 rotating models....................................................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ..28 reverting to default positioning planes..........................45 highlighting .......................................................................128 repairing numbering errors .................................................30 rendered views .. 195 reverting to default ...........197 to old clash checking functionality ................. 59 vertical...............................80 s saving models...........................................53.................................................................. 58 reference model objects ............................................. 136 creating ............................................................128 restoring default work plane ......43 clash checking... 138 properties default ................................... 52 parametric ......57................................... 158 preparing parts for welding.................................................................... 201 standard ...................................................................................36 representation options.............................................................................................................. 63 horizontal..............................................45 viewing changes............................................................................................................................................................58 round holes................................................................. 53 weld size prefix..........................................................................198 screen layout in Model Editor .........................44 modifying properties ..........................................17 sketched cross sections ...............................................213 rotation angle knob ............69 slabs ........................................................................................................................121 parts ................................. 93 preliminary numbers................................................................................................................................................................144 hiding...............................................48 supported DGN objects ...........................136.......................................... 94 printing screenshots..........................39 reinforcements identical ...46 reference points................................ 65 redrawing views. 237 r radial dimensions ........................................................................................................... 136 example...................................241 representation options ........................................................................................................44 selecting ............................................................................... 60 end offsets................................position bending ......................................................... 176 prefixes.................. 48 reference models............................................... 196 moving....... 125 priority in clash checking..................126 reports viewing ........... 53 project status visualizations.............................45 viewing layers.............. 53 sketched profiles ..........................................45 splitting into reference objects................................ 39 reference lines.57 refreshing views........................................................................................................................... 53 twin profiles .............................. 193 handles.......161 report templates for inquiring object properties .......................................................................................................................................................45 inserting........... 53 separators .................................................................................................................. 70 user-defined ............... 62 levels .................. 64 on the work plane......................................................................... 190 radius...... 135 copying...................................................................................................157 relative coordinates ........................................................................................89 plates.......48 updating...................... 61 positioning planes..............................................

..........217 point properties.........................173 modifying ............................................221 view properties .............................................................220 pad footing properties......................................................57 snapshots.................45 values from model ...................56 parts with exact lines ................... 113...........................................................................................186 adding dimensions...........................................132 cut lines.................................................................185 chamfers .............. see screenshots ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................215 numbering settings .183 slabs.....218 steel column properties ...............................................................................................216 edge chamfer properties......................223 twin profile properties ..........................................................201 variables ..............................................211 grid view properties ................................................................................................................................... 202......................................................................224 concrete panel properties .............................................................................................................116 showing assemblies...................212 rotation settings .........................................................124 in Windows Vista .........................53 standard-part models ...............................................................212 grid properties.................131 components ...........32 single-part welds .....125 settings ..............................................................................................................182 sketch editor.....................................................................227 display settings ..................................................................213 screenshot settings....................115 shortening parts in drawings ..................225 contour plate properties................................................................................................................................................................................38 work area ........................................................................................84 views..........................225 concrete column properties ........................................168 selecting dates from model...............screenshots creating............................................................................................204 exporting ..................................................................... 203 extrusion types..............................................................................118 standard profiles ................................88 single grid lines ...................26 single bolts ...................198 sketch thickness .......................................................................... 202.................125 saving in bitmap format .....181 adding constraints.................................................................................................................215 view settings . 118 plates and slabs................................................238 selection dial .........173 settings bolt properties..125 printing....................................................................90 snapping to middle points......................................................................................173 creating....................................233............................197 circles....................................................................................................................................................................181 sketched cross sections.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................172 adding parts....................................................................214 steel beam properties ................226 concrete slab properties ...........200 importing .............................................. 235 orthogonal beam properties.......................186 saving ............................................................................199 checking.. 234.......172 deleting .....160 status in clash checking ...173 inquiring .....58 top-in-form face.....241 shortening and lengthening parts ...............................................................................48 reference models..............................................................................................201 refining the shape ..................................131 positioning planes ..............................................185 creating .......214 sections.....27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ...........58 sequences ......................184 creating images ...............................................94 Sketch Browser.............................................................................................................211 grid line properties ................................................... 114 slotted holes..........................................238 reference model objects .............................................................................................................222 part properties ........................................................................................................198 polylines........................................190 arcs ...............232 detail properties ................................................. 194...........................199 using in models.....................................195 reference lines .................................80 warping ............218 strip footing properties ......................................184 positioning planes ......................................................124 splitting parts....232 general modeling settings..................147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .....219 corner chamfer properties ........................227 concrete beam properties................................................................................................................201 example ....... 196 profiles ............. 203 modifying . 117...........................................215 weld properties ............................240 parts labels ..193................................................................................................................................................................229 shifting the work plane ....................................................................

...................................................................................................................... 66 assemblies ..........................55 in numbering................................................................ 98 on cut faces.....215 refreshing ....................................................................33 arranging ............................................................. 99 modifying............................................................................................................ 239 copying and moving efficiently .................................173 views...................................................................... 70............................................. 100 switching between views ............................. 68 orthogonal beams ...... 237 finding RGB values for colors...........................................39 creating................................ 70 beams .................................. 119.............39 temporary .............................................................................................................. 221 u user interface in Model Editor ..............................................................................................36 moving................................. 39 top-in-form face ..........................37 view settings .............................................. 72 surface treatment ................................................53 v values selecting from model .................................................................... 97 on parts with openings and recesses...............61 view depth .161 object types ................................................................ 239 modeling identical areas ............................................................ 241 placing objects .......................70.............................. 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern . 197 tiled surface treatment................................................................... 221 storys..................................................................................... 104 tips activating overlapping views ................................ 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ..........................................................35 opening............................. 71 bolting to existing assembly ..... 69...............................35 view planes................ 101 pattern definitions........steel parts........................................................................................................ 238 modifying part length.......................................................................................................................36 view types...................................... 68........ 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 ............................................ 72 welding to existing assembly........................... 168 strip footings ..............................................................................................................................................................38 modifying ................................................................. 239 selecting values from model.......36 visibility of objects.................................... 242 cutting efficiently................................................................................. 100 pattern definition example .......................... 97 tiled surface treatment....128 visualizing project status.......................................238 variables in parametric modeling ..................................... 238 creating horizontal parts...................................................................96....................................128 view planes................................................................................................ 218 contour plates.......... 220 polybeams................................................................................................................................38 naming.................66....170 models..78....... 96 creating new surface treatments .... 67 twin profiles .............. 218 columns................................ 124 numbering history........................................................................192 vertical position.........................39 switching between views ...................................................................................................... 100 creating new tile patterns ........239 properties ................................................. 103 pattern elements ...............................214 twin profiles.................................................38 overlapping........35 deleting.......................................................................................................................................67..................................................................................... 97 on part face ..................................................183 vertical constraints.......................... 96 on all faces of part................176 in sketching ............................................................170 sequence numbers...136 t testing sketched cross sections ......189 vertical dimensions .................................................. 97 on chamfered parts ................................... 98 on selected areas.............. 242 right-hand rule ........................39 closing ..............................21 user-defined attributes.....................................................................................................215 viewing logical areas ...........................................................................69.................................................................... 223 sub-assemblies .......153 user-defined profiles .................. 240 defining default part properties.................................................................................................................................................................................... 95 adding .. 219 curved beams..........84 transparency settings ...................................................

...................................................................................... 113............................................................91.....................91 creating.......120 zooming in or out ............................................................... 25..............................................................................................................................27 workspace in Model Editor...................................... 128 defining ......................................................94 weld size prefixes ..........................................................................................26 hiding ................................94 weld position........................................................w warping beams.........................................120 zoom window ............119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..........................................................................................................................................................113 concrete slabs ...36 work area ......................................................... 114 welds.........................................................................................72 wire frame views ...........27 restoring.........................................................234 polygon welds..................................................28 shifting ..............26 work plane.... 229 between parts ...92 weld preparation ...................................... 93.............................................120 zoom settings......93 weld types..................231 welding sub-assemblies .................................................................. 91............................................................................................................93 single-part welds.....................................113 concrete parts.............................................21 z zooming using Magnifier ...............................120 with keyboard shortcuts .......... 94 numbering...........

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .