Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. End offsets ................................................................................. Position depth .................. 57 Steel parts........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Materials................................................................................................................................................................ 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position .................................................................. Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly .............................................................................................................................................................................. Showing part labels in a view .................................................................... Creating a twin profile............................................................................ Using bolts to create assemblies .................................................................................. Using welds to create assemblies .......................... Creating a curved beam ..................................................................................................3 Creating a steel column............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a sub-assembly .......................................................................................... Bending ........................ Rotation ............................................................................................................................................. Colors ........................................... Part labels ............................................................................................................................. Showing part reference lines in model views ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3............................ Assembly hierarchy .....................................................................Changing the profile of a part ............................................................................................................................................4 Creating an assembly.......................................................................................................................... 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................................................... Adding parts to an assembly ............. Modifying the position of a part .... Creating a steel polybeam...................................................................................................................................... 66 Assemblies....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating an orthogonal beam................................................................................................................ Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ...................................................................................... User-defined profiles ....................................................................................................... Vertical position ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a contour plate .......................... Standard profiles .................................................................. Position on the work plane .2 Moving a part using handles ...................................................................................................................... 3........................................................................................................................................ Creating a nested assembly ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Levels ................................................................ Creating a round contour plate .................................................. Creating a steel beam .. Changing the material of a part ...................................................... 3................................................... Parametric profiles ................................................................................................................... Horizontal position ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ User-defined attributes ..................................................................... Adding objects to assemblies........

............................................................................................................................................. Creating a round slab ................................................................................................................................................................................ Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ............................................................................................................................................ Creating a single bolt .............................................6 Creating a cast unit .......................... Adding objects to cast units ................................. Assembly examples .................................................................................................................................... 3........................................................................................................................................................................... Changing the assembly main part .......................................................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3.................. Bolt group position .......................................................................................... Showing the top-in-form face ........................................................... 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ..................Joining assemblies .............................................................................................................. Defining the casting direction of a part .................................... Changing the cast unit main part ..................................................................................................................................1 Bolts................... Bolt offsets ................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete panel .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 81 4 Detailing Structures . Creating a strip footing ..................................... Creating a concrete column ............................................................................................ 89 Creating round holes......... Creating a concrete slab .................................................................................................................................... Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit .................................................................................... Changing the main assembly .......................................................................... 89 Creating slotted holes .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing or adding bolted parts .............. 85 Creating a bolt group..................... Creating a concrete polybeam .............. Highlighting objects in a cast unit........................ Removing objects from an assembly ...................... 4...................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing.................................................................. Removing objects from a cast unit ..................................................................................................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes.......................... Bolt group shape ............................................................................... 85 4............................................................................................................................................. Highlighting objects in an assembly ............................. Creating a concrete beam................................................................................................................................................... 77 Cast units..................................................... Casting direction .............................................. Defining the cast unit type........................................................................................... Exploding a cast unit ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Exploding an assembly ...........................................................................................

............................ 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................................ 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ........................................................... 100 Example pattern definition ................................................................ 101 Tile pattern definitions ........................................ Chamfering part corners .................................................................................. 98 Creating new surface treatment options......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a weld to a part ......................................................................................................... Line cuts .................. 91 Creating a weld between parts......................................... 99 Tiled surface treatment.................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon ............................................................................................................................................................. Polybeam chamfers ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a fitting .............................. Part cuts ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the shape of a polygon.....3 Welds ................... Polygon cuts ........................................................................................................................................................ 100 Creating new tile patterns ........................................................................................... Cutting parts with another part ..................................................................................................................................................... 103 Tile pattern elements ............................................................................. Weld preparation .................................................. 4................................................................. 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment.................. 90 4.......................................... Chamfering part edges ............................................................................. Manually preparing a part for welding ................ 104 4......................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ............................................................................................................................................................................................. Warping a beam using deformation angles .......................................................................................................................................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ..........................................................................................................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ...... 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ................................................................................................................................................................................ 104 Chamfers...................................................................................................... Weld position .................................................................... Fittings................................................................................................................................................................................................ Weld size prefixes ................................................................................. Corner chamfer types and dimensions ..........................................................................Creating oversized holes............................................................................... Creating a polygon weld............................................................................................ Warping concrete parts ......................................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a line ................................................................................................................................. 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ........................................................................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ................ Cuts .....................................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................1 Viewing the model .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Defining which objects are displayed ................................. 126 Showing and hiding objects ................................................................................................................................................................2 Inquiring object properties....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts..................................................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ................................................................................................................... Modifying the zoom settings ............... Shortening and lengthening parts .................................................................... 118 Splitting a plate or slab.....7 Splitting parts ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Attaching a part to another part... Object property report templates ................................................ Creating a clip plane ...................................................... Creating a screenshot....................................................................................................................... Flying through the model...................................................................................................................... Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ...... Cambering parts.......................................................... 116 Combining two parts into one.... Printing a screenshot ..................................... 4........................ Showing and hiding assemblies..................................................................... 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model .................................................................................................................................................. 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ..................................... 119 Zooming the model ........... Showing parts with exact lines ..... Zooming with keyboard shortcuts .............. Shortening a part in drawings ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Zooming with Magnifier ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Rotating the model .......................................................................................................................................................................... Representation options ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool ......................................................... 5.............................. 119 5.......................... 117 4...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Lengthening a part in drawings ............... Moving the model.............................. Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................................................. Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool .............................. Hiding unselected parts............................................................................ Cambering a part ................................... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ...................................... 118 5 Examining the Model.............Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5.............. Hiding selected parts.......................................................................................................................................................... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab ....................

............................................................................................................................................................................. Creating an object group .............................................. Example: Creating object groups ................................. 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................................... 153 6................................................................................................................................................... Measuring angles . 5................................................................... Copying object representation settings to another model ................................................................................................................... 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status.......3 Defining numbering series .......................................................... Finding clashes in a model ................................................................................................................ Comparing parts or assemblies...................................................... Deleting visualization settings ................................................................................................................. Measuring distances .................................................................Showing and hiding components .................................... 153 Planning your numbering series............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Deleting an object group .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ........... Copying an object group to another model .................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ................................................................................... Example: Creating visualization settings ........................................................................................ 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ..................................................................... Clash Check Manager .........................................................5 Measuring objects ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Copying visualization settings to another model ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Finding distant objects.............................. 151 What affects numbering .................. Example: Defining an erection schedule ..... Object groups ............................. 151 6................... Object representation settings........................... Example: Creating object representation settings ................................................................................................................................................. Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating object representation settings ................................................. 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ..................................................................................................................................................... 5....................................................................................................1 6.................................................... 152 Identical reinforcements ........................................................ 135 Checking the model ......4 Creating a visualization ...... Measuring bolt spacing ............. Detecting clashes ......................... 142 6 Numbering the Model...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting object representation settings .. 152 Identical parts ................2 What is numbering .............................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................... 172 Creating a sequence ... 172 173 173 173 173 7................................ Example: Numbering parts in selected phases........................................................................ Changing numbers...................................... Changing the family number of an object ............................................................................................................................ 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 .................................................................................. 156 Viewing the numbering history....................................................................... 162 Example: Numbering identical beams................................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Numbering selected part types ...... 6................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 171 7.........................Family numbers.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Deleting a sequence ........................................................................ Clearing numbers.............................. 171 Dividing the model into phases .......... Creating a standard-part model ..................................................................................................................... 6........................ 167 7................................ Numbering reinforcements................................................... Assigning family numbers ..................................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 167 Creating logical areas .......................................... 7........................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to a sequence .............. Assigning control numbers to parts .............................................................................................................................. 171 Custom phase properties ...3 Sequences..................................................................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects................................................................................ Control numbers.............................................................................. Checking the sequence of a part ...................................4 Lotting ................................................. Locking and unlocking control numbers ................................................................ Example: Numbering settings during a project ................5 6................................................................................................................................................6 6...................................................................................................... Saving preliminary numbers...................................................................................................... 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling..........................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases............................................................. 161 Numbering examples................................................................................................................................. Assembly position numbers ........................................... Creating object type categories........... 161 Repairing numbering errors ................................................... Example: Using family numbers................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting logical areas and object type categories...................................1 Organizing the model.......... Modifying logical areas and object type categories............................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units .......................................................................................... Viewing logical areas and object type categories ................................... Overlapping numbering series .........................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................. 176 Sketched cross sections ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Adding parts to a lot . Moving positioning plane handles .................................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ...................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ................................................................................................................................................ Adding a coincident constraint ................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ..................................................Creating a lot ............................................................................................................... Deleting a lot .............................................................................................................................................. Adding a vertical constraint ......................................................................................................................................... Adding a fixed constraint ............................................................................................................................................................ Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ...................................... Modifying chamfers in a sketch ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a perpendicular constraint .... Variables ........................................... Sketching a polyline ..................................................................................................... 7................................ Deleting a dimension from a sketch ............................................................................. Adding a horizontal constraint ........................................................ 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ........................... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ..................................... Adding a parallel constraint ........ Modifying a sketched cross section............................ Sketching a circle ............................................ Reverting to default positioning planes ................................................................................................................................................................ Moving positioning planes ..................................................... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ............................. Checking a sketched cross section ........................................... Setting the sketch thickness ...... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ........................................................................................................ Part positioning planes ............. Sketching the outline of a cross section ....................... Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section........................................................................................... Cross section extrusion types .... Sketch Browser ..................................................................... Removing parts from a lot .......................................... Deleting a constraint .......................................................................................................................................... Connection positioning planes ........................ Sketching an arc .................................................. Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Showing and hiding positioning planes .....................................................................................................5 7.......................................................................... Saving a sketched cross section ............................................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch .........................................................

........ Grid line properties........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Concrete panel properties......................................................................1 General settings............ 215 View properties ...................................................................................................................................................................... 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 .................................. Steel beam properties .......................................................................................................................... 215 Display settings ....................... 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8.................................... Transparency settings............................................................................. 229 Weld types .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Pad footing properties.................................................... Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ............................................................................................................................................ Concrete beam properties....................................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings............................................................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model .................................................................................................................................. Exporting sketched cross sections ................................................. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ..........................................................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings..................................................................................................................................... 216 8........................................................................................................................................ Contour plate properties................................................................................................................................. Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section ...................................... 215 Grid view properties ......................................... Importing sketched cross sections ............................................. Screenshot settings.........................................................................3 Part properties ............................. Creating an image of a sketched cross section .................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section...................................................................................4 Detail properties.................................................................. 227 Weld properties ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Rotation settings ..................................................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness .......................... Point properties ................................................................................................................................................................ Twin profile properties...................................................................................................................... Strip footing properties ............................................................................................................................. Concrete column properties ....................................................................................................................... 227 Bolt properties............... Orthogonal beam properties ............................................................................................................... 8................................................. Color settings ............... 211 Grid properties .............................................. Example: Using the cross section in a model ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 211 8.................................... Concrete slab properties ...................... Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section .................................. 217 Steel column properties ...................................................

............................ 9............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 233 General numbering settings ....................... 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................Corner chamfer properties ....................................... Copying and moving efficiently........................................ 235 9 Modeling Tips ......................................... Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Modeling identical areas....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating horizontal parts ............ 232 8.................................................... 237 9.................................................................................... 232 Edge chamfer properties ...................................................................................................... 233 Weld numbering settings......5 Numbering settings ....................................................................... Hiding cut lines in a view ..................... Finding RGB values for colors............................ Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern........................................... Right-hand rule........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 237 Defining default part properties ............... Optional ways of placing objects in a model ............................................................................... Activating an overlapping view ....................................................... Selecting values from the model ...............................1 General modeling tips ....................................................................................................................................2 Modifying part length .......................................... 234 Control number settings ................................................. 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips............. Cutting efficiently .

18) 1.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. 17) Model templates (p. and save models in Tekla Structures.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. 15) Creating a new model (p. 16) Opening a model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. create. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. such as reports and NC data files. 17) Saving a model (p. as they react to modifications in the model. you can create a real-life model of any structure.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

43) 2. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 25) Work plane (p. 28) Grids (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. Initially.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 27) Coordinate system (p. 21) Work area (p. When you open or create a model. a new window appears on the screen. 42) Reference models (p. 29) Views (p. 33) Construction objects (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . the icons and available menu options will become active. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. 40) Points (p.

23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions.

Finding RGB values for colors (p. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . and so on. 239) Background color examples (p. To use the default background color. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. set the same value for all four corners of the background. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define..Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. leave the advanced option fields empty. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. 3. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately.. > Model View. 2. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2.

RGB values 1.0 1.0 1.4 0.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 1.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 Result 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.

0 0.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.0 1.8 0.2 0. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .0 Result 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.0 1.RGB values 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.6 1. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.7 See also Changing the background color (p.8 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.3 0. 239) 2. dashed lines.

To make the work area visible again. 5. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. For more information on each command. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. Click OK or Apply. or in all visible views.. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. but they are not visible. Work area (p. 2. > Model View.. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. or all model objects. 4. you can hide the green work area box. Tekla Structures hides the work area. Click View > Redraw All. set the advanced option to FALSE. 2. 1. or size the work area to include selected parts. To make the box visible again. Alternatively. 3. when creating screenshots for presentations. See also Defining the work area (p. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . This can be useful. To define the work area: 1. click View > Redraw All again. for example. 26) Hiding the work area (p. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. Objects outside the work area still exist. You can define the work area in a selected view. for example. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. See also Work area (p.

To display the work plane grid. For more information on each command. or on a part or view plane. parallel to one of the global basic planes. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. The work plane also has its own grid. For example. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. which can be used for positioning parts. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. When modeling sloped parts. To shift the work plane: 1. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. 2.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. 3. The current work plane is model-specific. part positioning. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . which is the local coordinate system of the model. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. For example creating points. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. 28) Right-hand rule (p. See also Shifting the work plane (p. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. so it is the same in all views.2.

y.0.. Set Depth coordinate to 0. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . For example. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. 4. set the value to 1.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. To restore the default work plane: 1.. 3. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE.See also Work plane (p. See also Work plane (p. Click Change. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.. 2. to change the color to red. > Model View. 239) 2. Work plane (p. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane..0 0. Click OK. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. 2. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane.0 0. Set Plane to XY. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. 3. 4.

The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . See also Work plane (p.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. 27) View types (p. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. 36) 2.In wire frame views.

we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. 2. See also Click Create. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. Grids (p. 31) Changing the grid color (p.You can have more than one grid in a model. 0 2*4000.. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. and Z0. For example. Click Modeling > Create Grid. 30) Grid labels (p. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. 31) Grid lines (p. 31) Grid properties (p. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. 0 4000 4000. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. 3. and Z0. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. See also Creating a grid (p. Y0. If you do not pick a point. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. The z coordinates are absolute. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. To manually create a grid: 1. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. 29) Grid coordinates (p. 4. See also Creating a grid (p. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. For example. Y0. 30) Modifying a grid (p. 30) Coordinate system (p. You can also create grids manually. Modify the grid properties. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Optional: When prompted.. 31) Deleting a grid (p. 5.

The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. is selected. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. 3. If you wish. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. The Grid dialog box appears. is selected. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. 29) Grid properties (p. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 4. 29) Creating a grid (p. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. 2. 2. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. not the grid. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. Modify the grid properties. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. Grids (p. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . you can leave the label fields empty. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. When working with very large grids. If you have also other objects selected. See also Grids (p. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. See also Click Modify to save the changes. 3. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. See also Grids (p. When you delete a grid. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box.

29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. Pick the starting point of the grid line. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . set the value to 1. 2.1. 3.0 0. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. See also Grids (p. 3. 2. When you select a grid line.0 0. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p.. to change the color to red. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. > Model View. Pick the end point of the grid line. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 4. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. See also Grids (p. For example. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. the handles appear in magenta.. Single grid lines have handles. 4. You can use handles to move the grid lines. Click OK. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid.0.

Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. 32) 2. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.See also Grid lines (p. If you also have other objects selected. 3. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. For example. 3. See also is selected. 2. not the grid line.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. Grid lines (p. When you delete a grid line. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. See also Grid lines (p. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. is selected. 4. Modify the grid line properties. Click Modify to save the changes. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. 32) Grid line properties (p. 2. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 .

38) Deleting a view (p. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. 38) Modifying a view (p. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . which is useful for different tasks. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. create a 3D view of the part. 39) Arranging views (p.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 35) Opening a view (p. See also Creating a view (p. This places the part in the center of the view. 39) Refreshing views (p. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. plane. and elevation views provide different types of information. 38) Switching between open views (p.

See also Creating a view (p. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 .If you are working with two screens. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Views (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. In multi-user mode. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. or the view will not be saved for later use. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. If several users have different views with the same name. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. 35) View types (p. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. 36) Creating grid views (p. 36) View planes (p. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. Select a view command from the View menu. See also Views (p. 2. disappear when you close them. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. 3. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. When you exit the model. which have a default name in parentheses. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. For more information on each command. 33) View settings (p. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. Temporary views. c See also Click Modify. 215) About naming views (p. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. b Type a unique name in the Name field. it is very important to give views unique names. Optional: Save the view.

It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. Points that are located outside the view plane are red.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. • See also Creating a view (p. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. and zy). 35) Representation options (p. In basic views. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . xz. In the basic plane view. It does not appear in the plane name.

4. 37) Creating a view (p. Click Move. Moving a view plane (p. See also View planes (p. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. or enter its coordinates. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. If the Move . Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. or the points are defined automatically. or enter its coordinates. from the pop-up menu. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 .Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. Click the view.. To move the view plane: 1. Other views For view types other than basic views. Pick the end point of the translation vector. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. depending on the creation method. When you move a view plane. 2. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points..Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. 3. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. 5.

5. To open multiple views. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box... Click Create. See also Views (p. Modify the grid properties. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. or double-click a view to open it. Click Modify. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. 35) Grid view properties (p. See also Creating a view (p. and all visible views on the right..Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. Views (p.. Click View > View List. 2. The Views dialog box appears. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. 3. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. Tekla Structures displays a warning. 33) View settings (p. Before you start. 4. If the view does not appear. Select the grid. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. 3. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. 2. The Views dialog box appears. 2. check how many views you have open. create a view that contains a grid. Modify the view properties.. If you try to open more than nine views. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. how it will name the views. To create grid views: 1. and which view properties it will use.

do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. See also Views (p. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. and all visible views on the right. The Views dialog box appears.. select a view from the list. 2. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. Views (p. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. Views (p.1. Click Delete. select an option from the Angle list box. In the View Properties dialog box. Click View > View List. and then click Modify. On the Window menu. To delete multiple views. Views (p. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view... TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . Click View > Redraw All. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. 33) Switching between open views (p. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. 3. Select the view you want to delete.

For example. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. Double-click the plane in the model. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally.7 Construction objects Construction planes. 2. 40) Creating a construction line (p. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. For example. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces.To arrange the views. When you move the plane. 5. 4. Type a name for the plane. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. Pick four points. lines. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. 3. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. Click the middle mouse button. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. 33) 2. Tile Horizontally. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. See also Views (p. 6. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. You cannot use the Cascade. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . See also Creating a construction plane (p. They do not appear in drawings. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. Click View > Close All. Tekla Structures draws the plane. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. select the Magnetic check box. and circles help you place other objects. the attached handles and chamfers move with it.

See also Construction objects (p. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. For more information on each command. a Double-click the line in the model. 2. b Select the Magnetic check box. See also Construction objects (p. See also Construction objects (p. 2. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. Click Modify. c Click Modify. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 3.7. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . 4. Pick the end point of the construction line. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. Pick the starting point of the construction line. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle.

There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. see the corresponding menu tooltip.2. For more information on each command. To import points from a file: 1. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. 42) Importing points (p. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. Create a point import file. 2. When you create points. See also Creating a point (p. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. 42) Point properties (p. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. Points (p. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system.

500.rop. See also Points (p.IFC) IGES files (*. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. Type point in the Search field and click Search. Type the ASCII file name. 4. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model.1000 300. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 .700. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. Click Create.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. For example. an architectural model.dxf) AutoCAD (*.prp) Cadmatic models (*. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. 5.1500 2. 42) 2. 6.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures.3dd) IFC files (*. or a heating. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. For example: 100.igs. During the import process.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*.dgn. Include the full path and the file extension. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. 7.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. If you do not specify the path. See also Inserting a reference model (p. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. 3. b Save the file. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. a plant design model. *. *. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p.dwg) MicroStation (*. Double-click Point Creation Import (8).

If you do not define a reference model file to use. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 3. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. see Adding properties. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. For more information on user-defined attributes. 6. 2. 3.. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. the file does not exist. Click User-defined attributes. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. or you forget to click Apply...Updating reference models (p.inp file.. Modify the properties and then click Modify. Click the Browse.. Click File > Insert Reference Model. button to browse for the reference model file. 2. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 5. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. See also Reference models (p. 46) Reference model objects (p. 4. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. Check the work plane position. Open a Tekla Structures model. 7. if it uses different measurement units).. 4. Click File > Reference Model List. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. Set the scale of the reference model.

but the changes are rarely documented.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache.3dd) WebViewer (. 2. Click File > Reference Model List. See also Reference models (p. Reference models (p. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (.. you can highlight them. To highlight a reference model: 1. 2. 2. Click File > Reference Model List..xml) 3D DWG (. See also Click File > Reference Model List. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. Click Reload all.. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 2. To update all reference models: 1.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1.. switch.ifc) Cadmatic (. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. See also Reference models (p.. Reference models (p.. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. Select a reference model from the list. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model.

4. 2. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects.To view changes in a reference model: 1. See also Reference models (p. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. button next to the Old file name field. Click Display. For example. To view reference model layers: 1. Double-click the reference model. select Inserted to see the added objects.. 3. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. Double-click the reference model.. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

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click the Select. 52) Standard profiles (p. and user-defined profiles. 51) Steel parts (p. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. parametric. Open the Select Profile dialog box. A parametric profile. See also Changing the profile of a part (p... When you create or modify a part. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. 2. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 66) Concrete parts (p. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. 53) Parametric profiles (p. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. 53) User-defined profiles (p. Icon Description A standard profile. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. • For steel parts. button next to the Profile field.

Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. • To see all the properties of profiles. X. /. the profile catalog contains standard. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. Select a profile from the list. • To select a recently used profile. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. environmentspecific profiles. • 5. click the button next to the Shape field. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. select the Show details check box. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. Click Modify.• 3. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. If you select a parametric profile. 4. By default. See also Profiles (p. See also Profiles (p. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . For example. select the Show all profiles check box. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. Click Apply or OK. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. For concrete parts. use the Profile name list box. See also Profiles (p. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. and *. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. 6. so you should not edit them. See also Profiles (p. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 .

2. The Select Material dialog box appears. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. Click Modify. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. 5. they can be former names. and thermal dilatation coefficient. or country-specific properties. For example. next to the Material field. 6. or names used in different countries or standards. and so on. • To see all the properties of materials. select the Show details check box. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Select a material from the list. For example. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. Click Select. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. Optional: Define what material information you want to see.Materials When you create or modify a part. See also Materials (p. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. Poisson’s ratio. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. porosity. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis.. such as strengths. partial safety factors. select the Show aliases check box. 3. this tab could contain the maximum grain size.. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. including the modulus of elasticity. Click Apply or OK. • 4.

When drawings of the parts are created.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value.. or in projects. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. or lists. text. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p.. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. Attributes can consist of numbers. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings.

In the Display dialog box. Tension.. go to the Advanced tab. Select the Part label check box.. 2. 4. Each end of a part can have a different connection code.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults.4 Connection code Can be used. and Moment User field 1. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. See also Part properties (p. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures. user-defined attributes. See also Part properties (p. Click Display.. User-defined fields.. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part.. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties.. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p.

Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. 2. When you select a part. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. you position it by picking points. Select the handles. If Drag and Drop is switched on. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. 7. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1.2 Part position When you create a part. Part labels (p. The handle of the first end point is yellow. 3. Tekla Structures displays the handles. 58) Part positioning tips (p. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. a Select a property in the Properties list. 6. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . Click Modify. The points form the part reference line. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. 56) 3. Move the part like any other object. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. just drag the part to a new position. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. the rest are magenta. See also Part position (p. See also Moving a part using handles (p. b Click Add. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. Select the part.5. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. The Part label dialog box appears. for example.

Click and drag to select a position. On the Position tab. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. enter a value in the corresponding box.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. modify the desired position settings.. Click Modify and OK. Click Modify. Hold down Shift to override this. The object moves in the model accordingly. See also Click View > View Properties. Click in the Mini Toolbar.. Plane offset. 2. • • • To change the overall position of the part.. To change the rotation angle. or Depth offset. For example. use the round selection dial. To change the Angle. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. 3. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . to open the Display dialog box. On the Advanced tab. Part position (p. 4. 2. See also Position on the work plane (p.. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. select the Part reference line check box. 3. Modify the settings. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. 2. Click Display. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.

60) Vertical position (p.Rotation (p. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 64) Bending (p. 62) End offsets (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 63) Levels (p. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. 59) Position depth (p. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. 61) Horizontal position (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. To do this. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 .

Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. perpendicular to the work plane.

relative to its reference point. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 .Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . relative to its reference point. 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. You can enter positive and negative values.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to its reference line.

You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. Use to define the position of the second end. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). you can enter the positions of the part ends. not at the level you picked. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you must modify their bottom level position. In this example. To position the upper columns correctly. relative to the picked point.

Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. You can also define the plane of curvature.Top level = 1000. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . the less angular the part appears. Alternatively. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you need to specify the number of segments. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. for example a curved beam. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. which is relative to the current work plane. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part.

66) Creating a steel beam (p. 3. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. 2. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. 58) 3. See also Creating a steel column (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 68) Creating a contour plate (p.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. Click the Create column icon. Pick the position of the column. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p.

See also Steel column properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . Click the Create beam icon. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 2. Pick the starting point.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. See also Steel beam properties (p. 3. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. 218) Levels (p. 2. To create a steel polybeam: 1. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. 3. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Click the Create polybeam icon. Pick the end point. 4. You can also create bent plates with this command. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1.

Pick a point on the arc (2). the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape.4. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. 5. 5. To create a contour plate: 1. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 5. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 3. Pick the end point (3). Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Double-click the end point. 218) Bending (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 3. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click the Create contour plate icon. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. See also Steel beam properties (p. Optional: To create curved segments. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. 4. 2. Pick the starting point again. Pick the starting point. Click the Create curved beam icon. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 106) Steel beam properties (p. Pick the starting point (1). 4.

219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. See also Creating a contour plate (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . Pick the position of the beam. 4.. Select the plate. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. 3. 2. 219) Chamfers (p. 7. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 68) Contour plate properties (p. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. 69) Contour plate properties (p. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. Click Modify.. 3. 5. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 2. 6. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. from the list box.

You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. 4. See also Twin profile properties (p. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. See also Creating an assembly (p. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. To create a twin steel profile: 1. or by joining assemblies together. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. You can change the main part in an assembly. Pick the end point. Pick the starting point. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. 2. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. 221) 3. 3. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. By default.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it.

72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . 2. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. Creating an assembly (p.Exploding an assembly (p. 3. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 2. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. 76) Assembly examples (p. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. 3. Assemblies (p. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Assemblies (p. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly.

select As sub-assembly. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. Pick the bolt group origin. 7. select As sub-assembly. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. In the Connect part/assembly list box. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 3. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. 2. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. 5. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Select a part in the assembly to weld to. Click Apply or OK. Assemblies (p. Click Apply or OK. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. 3. 5. 6. 4. 4. 6. When you connect assemblies. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 2. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. You can create workshop welds and site welds. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. In the Connect part/assembly list box. Using welds to create assemblies (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box.

74) Joining assemblies (p. through the basic and sub-assemblies. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. from single parts and bolts. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. See also Assemblies (p. To work with nested assemblies. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts.

3. 4. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. 3. Adding objects to assemblies (p. etc. for all assembly levels.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the assembly to add to. and still produce dimensions. 2. marks. Select the assembly to add to. 2. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. fabrication information. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. 4. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. Select the part you want to add. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly.

See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 3. Assemblies (p. Select the new main part. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 2. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. See also Changing the main assembly (p.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. 4. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Tekla Structures changes the main part. 2. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. 3. You can change the main assembly at any time. 2. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. 2. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. 2. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Adding objects to assemblies (p. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. See also Select the new main assembly. Select the assemblies you want to join. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . c Select the assembly. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly.

2. always starting from the highest level. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. • To only explode the sub-assembly.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. To explode an assembly: 1. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop.main part Steel part . Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. See also Assemblies (p. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p.main part Concrete . Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. and then attached to the column in another workshop.

78) Creating a strip footing (p. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 .5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p.Drawing 2. Assemblies (p. See also Creating a pad footing (p. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p.

3. Pick the pad footing position. See also Strip footing properties (p. Click the Create pad footing icon. Click the Create concrete column icon. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 2. 5. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. See also Pad footing properties (p. 2. Optional: To create curved segments. Double-click the end point. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 4. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1.Creating a concrete slab (p. chamfer the corners of the footing. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. 2. 3. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. 3. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. Click the Create strip footing icon. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. Pick the position of the column.

Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 3. Click the Create concrete beam icon. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. Optional: To create curved segments. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 4. 5. 4. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Pick the starting point. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 3. 2. See also Concrete beam properties (p. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Double-click the end point. 2.See also Concrete column properties (p. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. Pick the end point.

2. 5. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. Pick the starting point. 4. 3. Click the Create concrete slab icon. Pick the starting point again. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. To create a concrete slab: 1. 4. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Pick the corner points of the slab. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. 7. 3. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. Select the slab. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. from the list box.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 2. 6. Click Modify. See also Creating a round slab (p. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 5.

104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . Click the Create concrete panel icon. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. Double-click the end point. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. as well as concrete parts. By default. 2.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. You can change the main part in a cast unit. 5. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. Optional: To create curved segments. chamfer the corners of the panel. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 104) 3. For example. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 4. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. Cast units can include reinforcement. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. each part is considered a separate cast unit. 225) Chamfers (p.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. 3. See also Creating a cast unit (p.

82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Cast units (p. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. This applies to anything that is not concrete. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Adding objects to cast units (p. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. Adding objects to cast units (p. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 3. 83) Casting direction (p. 2. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. Select an object in the cast unit. 2. 3. See also Cast units (p. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. such as steel parts and insulation. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. 3. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 4. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 2. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Select the objects you want to add. Select the new main part. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 4. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. 3. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 2.

81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. 2. Click Modify to save the changes. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .See also Adding objects to cast units (p. select Precast or Cast in place. 2. 4. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . In the Cast unit type list box. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. 3. Select the objects you want to remove. 2.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box.main part Steel part .main part Concrete . To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Cast units (p. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. Cast units (p. Go to the Cast unit tab. Cast units (p. 2. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part .

Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. Casting direction (p. See also Cast units (p. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. 2. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. 2. See also Select a concrete part. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. To hide the top-in-form face again. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. Select a concrete part. 3. See also Casting direction (p. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view.

91) Surface treatment (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 .1 Bolts To create bolts.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. 89) Welds (p. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. 85) Holes (p. 116) Splitting parts (p. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. 117) 4. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 104) Combining parts (p. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes.

88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. 86) Bolt group position (p. 85) Bolt properties (p. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 4. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. 227) Bolt group shape (p. Select the main part. See also Creating a bolt group (p. Select the secondary parts. 3. 5. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. 7. washers. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. 87) Bolt offsets (p. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. 6. 2. Pick a point. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. 3. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Bolts (p. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. See also Apply a component. 2. which is the bolt group origin. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. Explode the component. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. and nuts) while creating holes. Modify the bolt group.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. from the bolt group point of origin. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . y coordinate of each bolt. in the x direction of the bolt group. from the bolt group point of origin. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. in the y direction of the bolt group. Diameter of the bolt group. x coordinate of each bolt. Number of bolts.

• • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. 85) Bolt properties (p. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. relative to the bolt group x axis. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. 2. Bolts (p. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. Under Bolt group. See also Creating a bolt group (p. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 5. Click Apply to save the changes. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. select Array from the Shape list box. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. 4. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. The starting point values Dx. 3. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. type 0.

90) Creating slotted holes (p. Optional: Modify the hole properties. 2. 85) 4. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Holes (p. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 .2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. If you do not want to create any bolts. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. To create round holes: 1. reselect the main and secondary parts. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 89) Creating a bolt group (p.1. 5. See also Bolts (p. 2. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. When prompted. Before creating holes. 3. 4. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Click Apply to save the changes. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group.

select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. 8.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. To indicate which parts should be slotted. 3. For example. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. Follow the instructions on the status bar. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. 4. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. 5. See also Click Apply to save the changes. In the Hole type list box. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . select Slotted. Holes (p. 2. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. If you do not want to create any bolts.

If you do not want to create any bolts. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. Optional: Modify the weld properties. 3. 6. 86) 4. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . If you are creating a workshop weld. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 2. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 2. Select the part to be welded. this is the main part of the assembly. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. or use a component that automatically creates welds. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. without connecting any other parts.1. this is the secondary part of the assembly. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. If you are creating a workshop weld. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. 5. 94) Weld preparation (p. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. Select the part to weld to. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 7. select Oversized. Holes (p. 4. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. 3. In the Oversize field.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. In the Hole type list box. Click Apply to save the changes.

Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. See also Creating a weld between parts (p. y. or z). The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. 229) Weld position (p. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. 91) Weld properties (p.

Select the part to be welded. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. Pick the starting and end point. or alternatively. 4. If you are creating a workshop weld. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. pick the points you want the weld to go through. Select the part to weld to. this is the secondary part of the assembly. this is the main part of the assembly. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . 5. 2. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. If you are creating a workshop weld.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings.

2. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. without connecting any other parts: 1. pick the points you want the weld to go through. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. 2. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. 3.See also Welds (p. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. use the SPD profile. or alternatively. Pick the starting and end point. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. Select the part that you want to weld. To prevent automatic weld preparation. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Welds (p. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. Select the part that you want to cut. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. or apply a component that does it automatically. 4. See also Welds (p.

When you create overlapping surface treatments. you change the size of a part). When you redefine the properties of a part (e. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. surface mixes. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 .4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. and tiles. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas.3.g. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. for example. 94) 4. Select the cutting part.

select the specific surface treatment. 2. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. 7. and Behind. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p.. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. to select a material from the catalog. 9. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. 5. 8. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. In the Surface treatment name list box. In the At depth list box. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. select the type of surface treatment to use. 6. See also Surface treatment (p.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. Front. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. The options are Middle. 3.. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. In the Type list box. b On the Pattern tab.. See also Surface treatment (p. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Click the Select. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type.. 4. select Tile surface from the Type list box. select the location of the surface treatment.

3. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. b Select the part face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. b Select the part face. 4. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Pick the direction. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 2. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. 2. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. 4. 2. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 4. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. 3. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . 2. 3. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. The faces that you can select appear in blue.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1.

bottom. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. or right).5. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. left. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers.

96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 . Open the product_finishes. The file is located in the . See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users.dat file using any text editor.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox.. To create new surface treatment options: 1.

such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. Surface treatment (p. 2. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . MF for Magnesium Float.xml file using any text editor. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. For example. 4.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. The file is located in the . 100) Example pattern definition (p. Magnesium Float. Save the file.. See also Surface treatment (p. For example. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. Open the TilePatternCatalog. 1 for concrete finish. See also Add rows to define new options. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. a Define the surface treatment type. For example. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2.

and then modify it to suit your needs. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 3. 100) Example pattern definition (p. Other elements are optional. 4.xml file. Tiled surface treatment (p. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin.xml file. Save the TilePatternCatalog. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 .

the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .xml file. starting from the origin of the surface treatment. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment.

. Filenames identify the pattern types. Located in the .The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. For example. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 .xml file. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions.. TilePatternCatalog. herringbone. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p. Located in the . 100) Tile pattern definitions (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.xml file. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder.

Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. The origin of an individual tile. See also Chamfers (p. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. In Tekla Structures. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. Required. Required. 108) Cuts (p. At least one required. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. Tile pattern element.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. and concrete panels).5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. practical. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. 115) Combining parts (p. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. steel and concrete polybeams. Optional. Optional. Optional. Optional. 116) Splitting parts (p. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. 104) Fittings (p. defined from the origin of the pattern. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. concrete slabs. and manufacturing reasons. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. 100) 4. Required. Required. 113) Cambering parts (p. Color of the tile or mortar.

To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. You can modify the default chamfers. Chamfers (p. 5. which does not change the geometry of the part. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. Modify the chamfer properties. 2. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 4. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . See also Select the part. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. Double-click the handle of any part corner. Click Modify. 3.

Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 105) Polybeam chamfers By default. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. You can modify the default chamfers.

a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. b Modify the chamfer properties.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. Select the part you want to chamfer. 4. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. 5. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. Optional: Modify the chamfer. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. See also Chamfering part corners (p. 3.

Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Click Detailing > Fit Part End. c Click OK. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. details. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 3. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 232) Chamfers (p. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. 2. and so on. which passes through the cutting line you pick. perpendicular to the view plane. Pick the second point of the cutting line. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. 4. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. which makes it easier to create connections. 104) Creating a fitting (p.6. Right-click the view and select Redraw View.

use the Cut Part commands instead. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. You must create cuts in a plane view. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. In situations like this. see Fittings affect NC data. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. See also Fittings (p. For more information on how to change this. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p.

when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . for example. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. You can cut parts that already have cuts. This can be useful. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part.

109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. 3. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. Select the part you want to cut. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. To cut a part with a line: 1. Pick the side you want to remove. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. For example. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. See also Cuts (p.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. 4. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. 2. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. 5. 109) Polygon cuts (p. 109) Line cuts (p. 5. Pick the second point of the cutting line. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 3. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. 4. To close the polygon. 2. Select the part you want to cut. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. Cuts (p.

2.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. 109) Part cuts (p. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Pick new corners for the polygon (2. 4. 5. Pick another existing corner (4). contour plates. To cut a part with another part: 1. concrete panels. See also Cuts (p. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. Pick the corner to remove (5). create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 6. concrete slabs. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Select the part you want to modify. Select the cutting part. and strip footings. Pick an existing corner (1). 3). See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. 3. 3. 2. 4. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. Delete the cutting part. The part cut does not affect other parts. Alternatively.

2. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. Click Modify to warp the slab. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click Modify to warp the beam. Modify the chamfer properties. relative to the part reference line. 5. In the Start field. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. Go to the Deforming tab. use the dz2 field. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . 4. relative to the part reference line. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. • 3. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. Move the chamfers. For example. 3. 2. In the End field. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. Fine-tuning part shape (p. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. use the dz1 field. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 6. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point.

To see the warping angle of a single slab. In the Move . type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. Click OK to close the dialog box. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. type a value in the appropriate direction field. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. Click Move. 4. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. which warps the slabs. and go to the Deforming tab. For example. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on.4. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 8. 5. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1.Linear dialog box. 6. Select the chamfer you want to move. 7. 2. For example.

Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. and embeds in the model. in other words. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 4.See also Warping concrete parts (p. When drawings are created. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. including the template output. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . Cambering parts (p. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. define the degree of camber. Click Modify. 2. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. Cambering affects the position of cuts. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 104) Cambering a part (p. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. 3. In the Cambering field. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. Go to the Deforming tab. skews. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part.

define the degree of shortening. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. In the Shortening field. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. 115) 4. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Combining two parts into one (p. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. 3. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. Go to the Deforming tab. In the Shortening field. Click Modify. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. enter a negative value. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. 2. 4. Click Modify. When you select the parts you want to combine. 4. Go to the Deforming tab.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. 3. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. For example. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p.

Click Edit > Combine. curved beams without offsets. Combining parts (p. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. You can use splitting with straight parts. 2. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . Select the part to attach to. Select the second part. You cannot split polybeams. 3. 116) 4. See also Combining parts (p. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. Select the part you want to attach. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. 3. 2. Select the first part. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. When you combine parts. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams.1.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures.

118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. See also Splitting parts (p. Click Edit > Split. check the result after splitting. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. If you split contour plates that have bolts. welds or surface treatments. Select the part you want to split. See also Click Edit > Split. 4. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. 2. 3. 2. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. 3. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. and on the same side of the part. Pick a point for the dividing line. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Select the part you want to split. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. Splitting parts (p.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . 122) Flying through the model (p. or a combination of both. 119) Inquiring the model (p. you can move and rotate the model. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. or pull out for a wider view. Scroll forward to zoom in. 119) Rotating the model (p. 124) Creating a screenshot (p.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. 128) Visualizing project status (p. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. 142) 5. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. and backward to zoom out. See also Zooming the model (p. 121) Moving the model (p. 135) Checking the model (p. You can use a mouse.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. keyboard shortcuts.

120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. Place the mouse pointer over the model. Create a zoom window. c Click Modify. 2. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. select Wire frame. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. press Page Down. If this option is off. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Zooming the model (p.If you do not have a wheel mouse. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. 2. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. For more information on each command. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. press Page Up. Open a wire frame view of the model. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. see the corresponding menu tooltip. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. b In the View type list box. • See also To zoom out. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. See also Viewing the model (p. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window.

or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. Click the Magnifier icon. 4. See also Zooming the model (p. To rotate the model. zoom in and out in the zoom window. In wire frame views. As you move the pointer in the general view. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. menu commands. To change the level of magnification.e 3. keyboard shortcuts. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. and then drag the pointer to size the window. Click a starting corner for the zoom window.

Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. Press Ctrl + R.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. To relocate the center of rotation. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. 2. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. 3. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . and then pick a position in the view. 2. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. 3. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. 213) Viewing the model (p. See also Rotation settings (p. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. see the corresponding menu tooltip. press v. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 2. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Click Modify. 2. For more information on each command. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. Pick a position in the view.

To change the camera angle. Click View > Fly. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. c Click OK. Set view projection to Perspective. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands.. scroll with the mouse wheel. 3. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active.. 2. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. down. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. b In the Projection list box. 4. > Model View. To activate the middle button pan. press Esc. left and right arrows on the keyboard. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. select Perspective. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. Select a view. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 3. or Shift+M. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Use the up. you can travel through a model. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. 5. You can also adjust the field of view setting. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. To fly through a model: 1. • • To move up or down. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. • To change the flying direction. 2. To stop panning. c Click Modify. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. 2. Move the model using the Pan command 1. drag the mouse in the desired direction.

Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. view. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. 2. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. Click View > Create Clip Plane. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. 6. brochures. See also To delete a clip plane. press Esc. 2. 4. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. You can use screenshots in posters. To stop flying. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward.• 6.. To create a clip plane: 1. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. or the entire Tekla Structures window. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. Viewing the model (p. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. To move a clip plane. 5. To finish creating clip planes.. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. Select a plane. press Esc.

124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default.. 2. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. Click Capture. for example. Select Place on clipboard. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in ..bmp format. 2. To print a screenshot: 1. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. 4. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Creating a screenshot (p.bmp) format to use it. 3. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from.. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. Set the desired properties and click OK. as a custom component thumbnail. To capture the active view. 125) Screenshot settings (p. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. See also Creating a screenshot (p.. 5. 6. To capture the active view without borders. 4. select View without Borders. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. click Pick view and select a view. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . select Dialog. Creating a screenshot (p. Click Capture. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots... The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. 7.png) files. Under Capture. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. select Main Frame. select View.3. Click Options. select Rendered view.

See also Inquiring object properties (p. 2. See also Inquiring the model (p..rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. Select a part. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. see the Template Editor user documentation. See also Inquiring the model (p. within the model. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 126) Object property report templates (p.. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. the tool shows the total area. weight. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. To inquire object properties: 1.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. or a group of objects. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. See also Inquiring object properties (p. and length of the selected model object.5.. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. For more information on how to use templates.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs. By default. 2. Select an object. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit.

127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. 2. -. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder.. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. Click Manage contents. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. • To change the order of the attributes. • To create new calculated attributes..config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. The file is located in the . or MIN) from the list box.lst file located in the . the file contains 65 attributes. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. click Edit. • To add more attributes to the tool window. edit the InquiryTool. and /) to form equations. MAX. To modify the default attributes.. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.config file: 1.. Use the InquiryTool.config file in any standard text editor. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window.. click Add…. • 4. AVERAGE. 3.. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list.config file in the . 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. *. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . use the Up and Down buttons.. For example. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66].. 2. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. • To remove attributes from the tool window. 3. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window.. • See also To change the formula of an attribute.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool.. Open the InquiryTool. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. Change the position number of the new attribute. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. • To modify the calculated attributes. By default..

For example. 132) Object representation settings (p. Modify the NAME. When you redraw a view. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. 132) Object groups (p. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. 128) Display settings (p. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. DISPLAY_NAME. 126) 5. 2. to open the Display dialog box.4. UNIT. 216) Representation options In rendered views. Save the file. 5. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. Click Display. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 131) Showing and hiding components (p.lst file. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. 3.. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p.. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. DATATYPE. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. 128) Representation options (p. Showing and hiding objects (p. 6. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66.

parts are transparent. Parts are transparent. i. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. and their surfaces are shaded.e. component objects are displayed as Rendered. Example In this example. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. component objects are displayed as Rendered. i.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed.e. In this example. underlying parts are not visible. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . surfaces are not.

Select the parts you want to hide. 3. for example. 2.. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. i.. for example. Click View > Hide Part. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. This option is useful. To completely hide the parts. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . parts are not transparent. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. The parts are shown as sticks. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1.. Other parts are almost completely transparent. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. • • See also To make the parts visible again. To hide selected parts: 1.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components.. Showing and hiding objects (p.5 and Shift+1. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed.e. This can be useful. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. when viewing clash check results in a large model. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them.

Right-click and select Show Only Selected. cuts. To completely hide the unselected parts. welds. 4. 3. To show the unselected parts as sticks. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. To display a part with exact lines: 1. Showing and hiding objects (p. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. Click View > Redraw All. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. Hide an assembly 1. click View > Redraw All. 2. fittings. bolts. Right-click and select Redraw View. To make the parts visible again. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. 2. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Showing and hiding objects (p. Select the assembly you want to hide. Tekla Structures displays all parts. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. To clear the exact lines effect. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. 2. and other details belonging to the assembly.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. The unselected parts become almost transparent. 3. See also Select the part. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command.

Select the component you want to hide. to open the Object Group .Representation dialog box. a Click Add row.. type a value or select one from the model. d Add more rows. 128) Refreshing views (p. 4. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. and other details belonging to the component. 3. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Right-click and select Redraw View. 133) Deleting an object group (p. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Property. 133) Visualizing project status (p.See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Click Object group. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 128) Refreshing views (p. 2.. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. 128) Creating an object group (p. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. c In the Value list box. welds. and Condition list boxes. Modify the object group settings. 2. b Select options from the Category. Click View > Redraw All... Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component.

6. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. Restart Tekla Structures. Select the object group you want to copy. and they have the file name extension *. Select where you want to copy the object group. copy the file to the system folder. For example. 2. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. Click Save as to save the object group.5. 2. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. Object groups (p. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1.PObjGrp. 3. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . Object groups have the file name extension *. • To make an object group available in all models. See also Object groups (p. • To make an object group available in another model. Object groups (p. Restart Tekla Structures. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view.PObjGrp. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.

6.. 2.. 9. 5. 8. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. To create object representation settings: 1.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. 4. 7. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. 3. Click Add row. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. If an object belongs to several object groups. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings.

3.rep. See also Creating a visualization (p. Select where you want to copy the settings. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. 2. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Object representation settings (p. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. • To make the settings available in another model. 213) Transparency settings (p. See also Object representation settings (p. For example. Object representation settings (p. 2. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. copy them to the system folder. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. 133) 5. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. • To make the settings available in all models.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. Apply. To create project status visualizations. Restart Tekla Structures. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. and they have the file name extension *. 133) Color settings (p.rep. or OK.

4d. 2. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. 2. • To make the settings available in all models. 3. 4.. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Select where you want to copy the settings. See also Visualizing project status (p. See also Visualizing project status (p. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. c Define the length of the time step. click the step buttons.rep) and object group files (*. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. • To make the settings available in another model. select one of the predefined object representation settings. Restart Tekla Structures. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. copy them to the system folder. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Modify the visualization settings. 4. 5.4d. To view the visualization in the model.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. a In the Object representation list box. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. and they have the file name extension *. 2. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. 6. 3. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model.. Restart Tekla Structures. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. Visualizing project status (p. Select the visualization settings you want to copy.

. Click Object group. Click View > Representation > Object representation. See also Click Modify. 3.In the following example. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. b In the Property list box. On the Status tab. 5. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. a In the Category list box. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. Finally. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. select Earlier than or equal. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . 7. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. See also Visualizing project status (p. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. select Select date. select INSTALL_PLAN. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. to open the Object Group . you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. 8. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. 3. 6. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. c In the Condition list box. select Object. Click User-defined attributes. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example.. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. 2. To make it easier to select parts. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. The Select Date dialog box appears. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. e Select Review date and click OK. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model.. After that. To define an erection schedule: 1.. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. 4. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. To create the object group: 1. d In the Value list box..Representation dialog box... Visualizing project status (p. 137) Creating object representation settings (p..

5. 133) Visualizing project status (p. 137). Define the length of the time step. 132) Visualizing project status (p. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. For example. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. a Click Add row. c In the Color list box. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. In the Object representation list box. 4. select Color by class. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. select the object group you just created. In the box next to the Save as button. select Hidden. For example. 4. 7. enter a name for the object representation settings. select Color by class. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. 2. select the object group All. c In the Color list box. enter a name for the visualization. scheduled_erection_date. To create object representation settings: 1. d In the Transparency list box. plan_same_or_before_review_date. select Visible. enter a name for the group. 5. Click Save as. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. Click View > Representation > Object Representation.. you will create project status visualization settings. 2..4. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . to open the Object Representation dialog box. To create visualization settings: 1. See also Object representation settings (p. b In the Object group list box. In the box next to the Save as button. d In the Transparency list box.. See also Object groups (p. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. 5. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. a Click Add row. 138). 3. b In the Object group list box. 3. 6. In the box next to the Save as button. Click Save as..

The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . To view the visualization in the model. 4. click the step buttons. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization.See also Visualizing project status (p. 3. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. In the list box next to the Load button. 2. 138). To visualize the erection schedule: 1... select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. Click Load. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

135) 5. 149) Finding distant objects (p. See also Measuring objects (p. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. it is useful to check the model for errors. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. 143) Detecting clashes (p.5 Checking the model When the model is complete.

143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. To measure bolt spacing: 1. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. 2. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. Pick the end point. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 4. Measuring objects (p. Pick the starting point. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. 2. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. 143) Measuring angles (p. 3. 3. 2. Pick the end point. 4. Measuring objects (p. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. 5. the distance between two points and between bolts. Pick the center point. Select a part. See also Measuring distances (p. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. All measurements are temporary. Pick the starting point. 3. Select a bolt group. For more information on each command. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 .

If you are checking a reference model for clashes. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts.See also Measuring objects (p. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. bolts. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. or reference model objects that collide.

you can choose whether to continue checking. 3. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. 2. Click Tools > Clash Check. You can continue working during the clash check. If colliding objects are found. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. or stop checking. select a row in the clash check log. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. Select the objects you want to check. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. To locate the colliding objects. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p.

3. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. modified. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. You can continue working during the clash check. A check mark it is visible. right-click one of the column headings. Clash Check Manager (p. double-click a row.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. or missing. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. When you re-run clash check. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. 1. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. Only certain object properties affect this flag. The clash is not new. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. When the clash check is complete. To see which properties have an effect. if the profile has changed). select a row in the list of clashes. 5. 4. 2. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. Click to check the objects. resolved. See also To highlight a clash in the model. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. 2. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. In the model. If the object has been modified (for example. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. select the clashes whose status you want to change. 3. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. Click . 2. In the Open dialog box. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. Click OK. In Clash Check Manager. 2.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. In Clash Check Manager. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. 2. select a session. 3. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. 3. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. . Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. See also Clash Check Manager (p.

Save as. Click In the Save As dialog box. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time.. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. enter a new name. Click Tools > Options > Options. 4. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. 2..To Save the active session Do this Click .. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. See also Clash Check Manager (p. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. 2. 3. In the File name box. 5. Modify the bolt clearance values. 5. 3. go to the Clash check page. By default. the clearance will be zero. If you clear the check boxes. If the fields are empty.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1.00. icon. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. In the Options dialog box. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. Click Apply or OK. Click Save.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. To save time. For example. Example For example. . You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly.. Planning your numbering series (p. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. such as plates.. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. If you do this. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. P1003. When you run numbering.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . P1002. 154) Family numbers (p. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1.

4. for example. 2. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 3. Defining numbering series (p. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. Under Numbering series. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . Under Compare.. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. 4. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. This can be used.1. However. Go to the Family numbering tab. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. See also Defining numbering series (p. they get unique qualifier numbers. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier.. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. Click Modify. and then click Add. b Select a numbering series from the list. go to the Cast unit tab. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. define a part prefix and a start number. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. When you use family numbering. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. 3.

ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. If a series overlaps another. For more information on each command. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. 3. c Click Apply or OK. 6. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. b Modify the settings. Family numbers (p.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. 7.. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. 5. See also Defining numbering series (p.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. Click Apply. 2. but not all of them. clear the existing numbers.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. 161) 6. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. If you select all the check boxes. Click Assign. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change.. only one family number per series is assigned. 4. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. If you do not select any check boxes. Update numbering in the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. 155) Clearing numbers (p. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap.. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>.Select at least one check box. See also Family numbers (p.

Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. In this case you should renumber the parts. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. The prefix varies based on the part type. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . the x coordinate. 159) Clearing numbers (p. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. However. If you add new parts. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. 158) Control numbers (p. See also Numbering objects (p. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. for example. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. 158) Changing numbers (p.See also Numbering settings (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. However. The default start number is 1.

2. if First direction is -X. When you assign control numbers. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. Second direction is Y. With negative directions (such as -X). For example. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. the sort order is X Y Z. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . See also Numbering objects (p. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Numbering objects (p. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. their y coordinates are also compared.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. See also Select the parts. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. Example In the following example. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. their z coordinates are also compared. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. and Third direction is Z. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate.

assembly. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. number the model. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. 5. 8. b In the Step value field. do not select any parts. 2. select the parts in the model. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. a In the Start number of control numbers field. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. define the interval. In the Status list box.. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . Click Apply. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. To only consider specific parts. 4. type the first control number to be used. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. 2. specify which parts get control numbers. 8. • To consider all parts in the model. to assign the control numbers 2. do not select any parts in the model. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. Indicate which parts to consider. Define the control numbers to be used. and then click Create. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. 6.. In the Renumber list box. 4. See also Control numbers (p. select the parts. In the Numbering list box. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. multi-position. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. 3. etc. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. 11. 5. 158) Control number settings (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. 7. Click Apply. This command does not change the numbering series. and then click Create. or family numbers after you run numbering. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. See also Control numbers (p. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part.See also Numbering objects (p. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. • 3. or specific parts. For example. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields..

irrespective of what their previous numbers were.1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. To clear the position numbers: 1. 2.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. If the number you specified is already in use. Set the desired properties. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Select an object. This is for information only and the number is still changed. 4. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. This functionality only applies to steel parts. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Next time you run numbering. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Assign. 3. For more information on each command. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. 2. For more information on each command. To create a standard-part model: 1. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. See also Numbering objects (p. See also Numbering objects (p.

... See also Numbering objects (p. Explode all components.For example. especially before producing drawings or reports. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Delete all unnecessary items.. see Numbering history log. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. See also Numbering objects (p. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 10. If you have selected the Part name check box. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. 8.. 2. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. and that it points to the correct standard-part model.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. 9. 12. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. 156) 6. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model.. 156) 6. 5. Open another model. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. 11. 13. 4. 3. STD2. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then.. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. STD1.. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. Save the standard-part model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . 7. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. For information on how to interpret the log file. > Numbering. StandardParts. Number the model. and so on). Create the objects you want to have as standard parts..

Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Modify one of the beams. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. 2.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. Number the model. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. To number identical beams: 1. 156) Changing numbers (p. 6. See also Numbering objects (p. All the beams have the part position number P1. Unless you want to repair the entire model. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. 5. 3. Number the model. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number.2. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. Number the model. 4. 5. 4. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. 159) 6. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip.

Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. but each pair has a different length. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. and each pair has the same length. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. but the holes are different. All beams have the same profile. The parts have the same main profile. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p.

and another one for steel columns. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. Select the Column orientation check box. 4. 9. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 5.. 7. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. 2. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 6.. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Create steel columns. To number parts in selected phases: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Select one of the steel columns in the model. divide the model into phases. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 10. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. 3. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 8. and then click Apply. Before you start. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. and then click Apply. Select one of the anchor rods in the model.

All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. and then click Apply.. Modify the numbering settings. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. For example. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Select one of the parts you want to number. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. Select the parts you want to number. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 4. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. 7. 6. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. 5. 3. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box.

you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. 164) General numbering settings (p. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts.

176) Sketched cross sections (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . 172) Lotting (p. for example. 167) Phases (p. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. based on purchasing contracts. 181) 7. You can classify information according to your needs. lots.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. and categorize object types. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. 171) Sequences (p. and erection sequences. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. 174) Parametric modeling (p.

169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. See also Creating logical areas (p. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

In large projects. You can create new object type categories for your own needs.. 2. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. You can also create subtypes for object types. d Click New Story. Click Tools > Model Organizer. Click Tools > Model Organizer. To make it easier to view and select parts. 3. 4. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). right-click the selected section or story.. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . 4. In the model. a Right-click Object Types. 2. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts... See also In Model Organizer. b Click New Building. and select Add Selected to Category. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . b Click New Object Type. Create a path structure. 5.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. In Model Organizer. c Click New Section. a Right-click Logical Areas.. Organizing the model (p. Create object type categories. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). select the area for the section or the story. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. In the model. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story.. 3. See also Organizing the model (p.

Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 1. 3. Drag the category to another location. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. 2. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. 2. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 2. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. To show all objects again. 1. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. 1. 2. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. 3. Drag the objects to another category. To show all objects again. Select the objects in the model. Right-click and select Remove from Category. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . right-click the category and select Redraw View. See also Organizing the model (p. Select the new area in the model. 2. 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. See also Organizing the model (p. Select the object type category in Model Organizer.

c Phases (p. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. 2. Each user then works on a separate part of the building.. and then click Modify phase. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. Right-click and select Delete.. select the objects. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. 2. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. Click OK to confirm. 5. and copy objects from other models.. Divide the model into phases. When a part of the model is completed. See also To change the phase of one or more objects.). For example. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. the columns.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . Click Tools > Phase Manager. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object.. according to their phase number. From now on. select a phase from the list. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. Organizing the model (p.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. 171) Custom phase properties (p. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. 4. select an object and click Phases by objects. You can create reports and views.. for example. Click OK to save your changes. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. 3. You then copy this basic model to all users. 3. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. 4. First create a basic model that includes. hide objects. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. 3. This is phase 1. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. etc. Click Add to create new phases. a To identify the phase of an object. 167) 7.

The value_type must be integer. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. d Restart Tekla Structures. Creating a sequence (p. To use phase properties in reports and templates. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. b In the Part attributes section. add a new user-defined attribute. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". a Open the objects. "0.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. For example. "%d". 171) 7. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. none. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence.inp file in any standard text editor. MY_INFO_1. You can define several sequences for different purposes. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. the second part number 2. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p.inp file. For example. "My Info 1". Type a name for the sequence.inp file. and so on.0") 2. integer. See also Phases (p. To finish adding parts to the sequence. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. If you click Yes. 4. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. 5. 6. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. To create a new sequence: 1. "0.inp file. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. Click Apply.0". c Save the file. The first part gets the sequence number 1. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. use the syntax PHASE. and the field_format must be %d. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. no. 3.

unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number.See also Sequences (p. 3. For example. Click Tools > Sequencer. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. For example: See also Sequences (p.. MY_INFO_1. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. To finish adding parts to the sequence.. 2. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. Click OK or Apply. 2. Modify the sequence number. To check the sequence of a part: 1. 5. Click User-defined attributes. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. See also Sequences (p. 2. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. 4. Select a sequence name from the list. Click Modify. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. 4. you must redefine the whole sequence. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1.. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. If the sequence changes. Select a part. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. 3.. See also Sequences (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 .

Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. 2. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .2. See also Creating a lot (p. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. and material of the part. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1.. 172) 7.. 6. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. With this information. 5. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). Click Properties. To view the properties of a part. For most model parts. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. Sequences (p. the weight is based on the size. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. 3. For example. When you define lots. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. In that case. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. 175) Deleting a lot (p. See also Lotting (p. For example. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. Click Delete and then click Yes.. 4. 3. Click Add. 175) Sequences (p. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. Type a lot number in the Number field.. However. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. See also Select a sequence name from the list. length.

See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Lotting (p. 3. Click Delete. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. 2. 4. When you hold down Shift. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. 2. 5.. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Click OK to close the dialog box. 5. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. See also Lotting (p. Click Apply selected. Select an existing lot from the list. Click OK to close the dialog box. If you simply select parts. 4. Select an existing lot from the list. Click Properties. 4. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. To add parts to a lot: 1.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. 2. Select an existing lot from the list. 3. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. 3. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. When you re-open the dialog box. Lotting (p. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Click Apply selected. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 .

you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. location and relationship to other parts. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. or relationships.7. They can also include formulas. between model objects. Variables can define fixed properties. including its geometry. such as a beam or column. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. such as the name of a column. For example. the column follows. so that when you move the wall. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. Create dependencies.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p.. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. 2. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. 53) 7. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model.. 176) Parametric profiles (p.See also Parametric modeling (p. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p.. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. and the Variables dialog box. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Open a Tekla Structures model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. and how to use them in a model. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. the Sketch Browser.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections.

See also Sketch Browser (p. 182) Variables (p. and vice versa. circles. constraints. dimensions. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. arcs. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. tree-like structure. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines.

200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. 1=Line . 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section.. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. or 2) and thickness of the sketch.. Lines. 1. Variables can define fixed properties. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. arcs. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. or they can include formulas.

Ensure that you create a closed shape. Open the cross section sketch editor. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. 184) Sketching an arc (p. such as a cold rolled section. arcs. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. See also Sketching a polyline (p.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. To sketch a polyline: 1. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. and circles. Pick points to create each line segment. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. 4. 185) Sketching a circle (p. 2. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines.

To sketch an arc: 1. To sketch a circle: 1. Open the cross section sketch editor. Pick three points to define the arc. 4. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). 2. Open the cross section sketch editor. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. 2. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2).See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p.

To add a parallel constraint: 1. Before you start. To straighten the entire profile. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. For example. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 3. Although the shape is locked. force lines to meet. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. create 90 degree angles. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. close the shape. Select a line in the sketch (1). 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. Select another line in the sketch (2). you can still rotate the profile in the model. you can straighten lines. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. and add chamfers in corners. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.

if they are within a certain distance of each other. 3. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . Select a line in the sketch (1). by extending or shortening one or both lines. The lines do not have to intersect. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. The lines do not have to intersect. Before you start. Select another line in the sketch (2). To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. Before you start.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.

Pick the end of the second line. 4. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. 2). Select the lines you want to straighten (1.1. To add a fixed constraint: 1. See also Select a line in the sketch. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. Before you start. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 3. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. 2. Pick the end of the first line (1). 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.

2). Click Refresh. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. 3. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . Before you start. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select the constraint you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 4. 2. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. To add a vertical constraint: 1. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select the lines you want to straighten (1.

191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. Select the arc or circle. In the following example. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. To add a radial dimension: 1. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. if you create the dimension marked in red. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. Before you start. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p.

Select the second line (2). The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. between two points you pick. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1).See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Select the first line (1). See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. Before you start. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. 3. 3. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . To add an angle dimension: 1. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. 2. 2. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. Click to show the part positioning planes. To revert to the default positioning planes. 3. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. 4. Click Modify. 3. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 4. Select the connection positioning planes. 3. Click to show the connection positioning planes. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . Change the Value field. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Select the part positioning planes. 2. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box.

2. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. and then click OK. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. for example. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. Type a name in the Prefix field. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 2.db1 file. Click Save sketch . do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. You cannot include numbers. 5. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. Click Save sketch as . and then click OK.4. To save a sketched cross section. Click Save sketch . which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. Type a new name in the Prefix field. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. 2. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.bin file. or blank spaces in the cross section name. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. Update an existing cross section 1. special characters.

Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. 2. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. 3. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 4. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. 7. you can create rounded cross section corners. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. 4. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. Double-click an object to modify its properties. Modify the object properties. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box.. 2. Close the object properties dialog box. such as a cold rolled section. 6. 5. For example.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. See also next to their name. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. Click Modify. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. 5. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . To modify a sketched cross section: 1. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. To modify a chamfer: 1..

See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. In the Sketch Browser. sketch an open polyline. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . the profile grows inwards. outwards. When you change the thickness. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. or symmetrically in both directions. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. In the Formula column. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. b Type the extrusion type number (0. 4. 3.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. P1). P1) after =. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. 1. define the default value for the parameter variable. 2. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. or 2) after =. Type the value of the thickness after =. In the cross section sketch editor. depending on the extrusion type. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser.

(Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline.. Click OK to apply the changes. Pick points to place the part in the model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. button next to the Profile field. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. click the button next to the Shape field. Open the Select Profile dialog box. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. See also For concrete parts.. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. 6. 4. 5. you are ready to use it in the model. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. 2. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. 7. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. click the Select. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. • 3. If you have applied constraints correctly.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. • For steel parts.

Save the image in bmp format in the .. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. 5. mysketch. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.bmp.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. 2. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. Open the cross section sketch editor. 3. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections.uel). They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. for example.. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. for example Microsoft Paint. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. 4. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. Use the cross section name as the filename.

you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. In the Export Components dialog box. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. To automatically import all *. 7.. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. from the pop-up menu.. 6.. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. To export several cross sections. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. Right-click and select Export. 5.bin file. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. In the Import Components dialog box. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. Click OK.. browse for the folder. Click OK. 4. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. To import sketched cross sections: 1. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. select Sketched profiles from the list box. 3. 7. Select the file to import. right-click and select Import. By default. 3. from the pop-up menu. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. 6. 5.uel). 2. To use profiles from a model. 8. 2. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. or copy the profdb. Select Sketched profiles from the list. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Select the cross sections you want to export. 4. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. you need to import both the cross section and profile.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. In the component list.

2. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. Finally. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. you will use the cross section in a model. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. When you use the profile in the model. After that.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. At this stage. Open the cross section sketch editor. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3.

189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 4. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 .3. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 181) Sketching a polyline (p.

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. In the Variables dialog box. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . enter the following values for the distances: 4. command to create the distances h1. and h2. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Save the cross section. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. 5. 198) Variables (p. h1. h2.2. and 3.

select Show. Variables (p. d In the Label in dialog box box. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. See also Save the cross section. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. In the Sketch Browser. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. select Show. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. b Right-click ExtrusionType. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. 2. In the Variables dialog box.00. d In the Label in dialog box box. enter Thickness. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p.00. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. 183) Sketch Browser (p. enter Chamfer. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. enter 20. enter 10. 3. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. do the following: . 2.1. b In the Formula box. c In the Visiblity box. In the Variables dialog box. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. b In the Formula box. and then enter =P1. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. c In the Visiblity box. a Right-click Thickness.

.. Open the Select Profile dialog box. click the Select. 199) Variables (p. 5. See also Save the cross section. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. 6. 183) Sketch Browser (p. In the Sketch Browser. 2. For concrete parts. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. click the button next to the Shape field. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 4. • 3. button next to the Profile field. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . select Add equation from the pop-up menu. Click OK to apply the changes. and then enter =P2. 5. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. b Right-click Chamfer X. • For steel parts.4. and select the CSHAPE profile. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. Pick points to place the part in the model. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab.

198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 .

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

227) Numbering settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 211) Grid line properties (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 217) Detail properties (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 212) Point properties (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 213) Color settings (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p. 212) Rotation settings (p. See also Grid properties (p. 215) Part properties (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. 233) 8. 211) View settings (p.

Option Phase The phase number. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Grid lines (p. See also X . Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line.. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. y.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. and z directions (x and y are relative. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. z is absolute). 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . and z directions..grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . Grids (p. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings.. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. Select to bind objects to grid lines.. y. Select to bind objects to the grid line.

See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane.Option Id The ID number. See also Object representation settings (p. Indicates the correct location of the point. Option As is The current color is used. and z coordinates of a point. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. The rotation angle between the original and new position. Defines the number of copies created. which is used in log files. Coordinates See also Points (p. You can filter objects by their ID numbers. The local (work plane) and global x.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors.Rotate and Move . Displays parts according to the member analysis type. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . y. All parts are colored according to their Class property.

Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. Sets the line width. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Object representation settings (p. Option As is The current visibility. Saves the screenshot to a file. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Object is transparent in rendered views. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. The height of the screenshot. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. The Options. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Object is not shown in the views.. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. the settings will be read from that object group. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. There are limitations to pixel density..

You can zoom. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. Opens the Object Group . The thickness of the displayed slice of model.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). rotate the model. text and point size remains the same. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. Visible object group Object group. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. See also Views (p. The projection type of rendered views. 215) Display settings (p. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. 215) Grid view properties (p. Rotation is view-specific. the zoom remains on part surfaces.. or fly through it... 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views.See also Creating a screenshot (p. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. See also View properties (p. 124) 8.. Which object group is displayed in the view. as do text and points.. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. The appearance of the model in the view. When you zoom. In addition. Display. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones..

. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. Exact shows bolts. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. The Show. This name overrides the name in the view properties.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. no prefix is used. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. Exact displays the cuts. or large parts of it. button displays the current view properties. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . but skips cuts. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. when viewing the entire model. e.g. PLAN +3000. washers. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. If the View name prefix field is left empty. Reference line shows parts as sticks. This option increases display speed significantly. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. None does not create any views.. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. and nuts as solids. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. Each view plane has its own view properties. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. Some of these settings may affect system performance. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. See also Creating grid views (p.

See also Steel column properties (p. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. 220) Twin profile properties (p.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. even if the hole in that part is not slotted.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. 222) Strip footing properties (p. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. 223) Concrete column properties (p. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . 221) Pad footing properties (p. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. 128) 8. This option is only available in wire frame views. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. Exact shows holes as solids. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). 218) Steel beam properties (p. When using this option. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. 218) Contour plate properties (p. In view does not increase the point size. Point size Defines the size of points in views.

User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The horizontal position of the column. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . e. steel polybeam.clm. fire retardant coating.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. The design information of the column. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. cambering. with anti-corrosive paint. Warping. hot galvanized. The material of the column. relative to its reference point. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The position of the column. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. relative to its reference point. The user-definable name of the column. or curved beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The type of finish.g. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. Class Used to group columns. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction.prt. and to identify parts of the same type. and shortening of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The support conditions of the column ends. How the column is rotated around its axis. Finish is user-definable. The assembly mark series of the column. etc. For example. The analysis properties of the column. Creating a steel column (p.

The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. fire retardant coating. and to identify parts of the same type. The position of a beam on the work plane. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . The analysis properties of the beam. The design information of the beam. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. Creating a steel beam (p. Finish is user-definable. The material of a beam. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. For example. The assembly mark series of the beam.cpl. The loading properties of the beam. Class Used to group beams. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. hot galvanized.g. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. etc. e. The position of a beam. and shortening of the beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. The finish type. with anti-corrosive paint. The user-definable name of a beam. cambering. The support conditions of the beam ends. Warping. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *.

for example PL20. in terms of depth. and to identify parts of the same type. hot galvanized. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. and to identify parts of the same type. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. Profile The profile of the contour plate. perpendicular to the work plane. etc. e. Creating a contour plate (p. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate.crs. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. with anti-corrosive paint. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The analysis properties of the contour plate. The user-definable name of the beam. Finish is user-definable. The format is PL+ thickness. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. fire retardant coating. The user-definable name of the contour plate. The spanning properties of the plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The material of the beam. Profile Material The profile of the beam. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. The position of the contour plate. The design information of the contour plate. The material of the contour plate. The finish type.g. The assembly mark series of the beam. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . For example. The loading properties of the plate.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate.

you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Finish is user-definable. hot galvanized. with anti-corrosive paint. e. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. Finish is user-definable. It describes how the part surface has been treated. It describes how the part surface has been treated. fire retardant coating. The material of the beams. with anti-corrosive paint. Class Used to group beams. The analysis properties of the beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. fire retardant coating. The position of the beam. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam.dia.Option Finish The finish type. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. The user-definable name of the twin profile.g. hot galvanized. and to identify parts of the same type. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. For example. The type of finish. The design information of the beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. etc. relative to its reference point. The horizontal position of the beam. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. e. relative to its reference point. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. How much the beam is rotated around its axis.g. etc. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane.

and to identify parts of the same type. fire retardant coating. The offsets of the ends of the beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. hot galvanized. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. The vertical position of the pad footing. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. e. The analysis properties of the twin profile. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. in terms of depth. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. etc. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. For example. The design information of the twin profile. Creating a twin profile (p. perpendicular to the work plane. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The type of finish. The beam position. Finish is user-definable. relative to its reference point. It describes how the part surface has been treated. For example. The vertical clearance between the profiles.g. with anti-corrosive paint. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. The material of the pad footing. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. Defines how the profiles are combined. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . relative to the beam’s reference line.cpf. Class Used to group pad footings.

User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. and to identify parts of the same type. The material of the strip footing. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Class Used to group strip footings.csf. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . The type of finish. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. For example.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. The analysis properties of the strip footing. etc. hot galvanized. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. fire retardant coating. Finish is user-definable. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated.g. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Creating a pad footing (p. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. with anti-corrosive paint. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. e. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. relative to its reference point. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing.

The support conditions of the column ends. etc. hot galvanized. The design information of the footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The material of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. cambering and shortening of the column. e.ccl. For example. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. and to identify parts of the same type. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The design information of the column. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. fire retardant coating. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Define the cast unit series of the column. Creating a concrete column (p. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. Option Name The user-definable name of the column.g. with anti-corrosive paint. The analysis properties of the column. How much the column is rotated around its axis. Warping. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. Finish is user-definable. Class Used to group columns. Creating a strip footing (p. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. The type of finish.

Class Used to group beams. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam.csl. The beam position on the work plane. The loading properties of the beam. The design information of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam.cbm. fire retardant coating. The type of finish. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . Finish is user-definable. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. etc. Define the cast unit series of the beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The offsets of the ends of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. e. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. hot galvanized. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The analysis properties of the beam. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam.g. The support conditions of the beam ends. and to identify parts of the same type. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. For example. The material of the beam. Warping. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. relative to its reference line. Creating a concrete beam (p. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. cambering and shortening of the beam.

User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. etc. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. The material of the panel. Class Used to group panels. perpendicular to the work plane. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The material of the slab.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. and to identify parts of the same type. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. etc. The spanning properties of the slab. The type of finish. Class Used to group slabs. The loading properties of the slab. hot galvanized. and to identify parts of the same type. Define the cast unit series of the slab. fire retardant coating. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Finish is user-definable.g. e. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. in terms of depth. Creating a concrete slab (p. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. e. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. with anti-corrosive paint.cpn. with anti-corrosive paint. Finish is user-definable. The analysis properties of the slab. The design information of the slab. For example. The type of finish. fire retardant coating. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. For example. hot galvanized.g. The position of the slab.

The design information of the panel. The offsets of the ends of the panel. 81) 8. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. The analysis properties of the panel. 229) Weld types (p. Creating a concrete panel (p. Bolt assembly standard/grade. See also Bolt properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. The spanning properties of the panel. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The loading properties of the panel. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. The position of the panel. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. 227) Weld properties (p.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. Define the cast unit series of the panel. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. relative to its reference line. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop.

enter a negative value for cut length (e. group diameter. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. y allowance of a slotted hole.g. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. or coordinate. -150). Zero for a round hole. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Tolerance = Hole diameter . the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. Zero for a round hole. number. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. depending on the bolt group shape.e. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. Bolt spacing. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. In the illustration below. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. If the bolt connects several parts. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. Extra length Additional bolt length. Bolt spacing.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. in both directions from the bolt group plane. x allowance of a slotted hole.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. or co-ordinate. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. depending on the bolt group shape. For example. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length.

Tekla Structures creates the weld. relative to the current work plane. 231). Type Angle See Weld types (p. The size of the weld. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. The angle of weld preparation. bevels. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. but does not display it drawings. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. For example. or groove. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. Dy. Bolts (p. At depth Dx.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . 93). you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. not in drawings. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p.

Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. for example. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. defining the start and end points of the weld. See Weld position (p. 92). To change the separator to @. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. The space between the welded parts. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. information about the weld specification or process. To create a non-continuous weld. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. for example 50–100. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . for example. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. 72). Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. For example.

Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Defines the electrode strength coefficient. Welds (p. Defines the electrode strength. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Defines the process type.

for example. to give plates varying thicknesses. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. The name of the chamfer. Use these fields. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . See also Chamfering part corners (p. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. The dimensions of the chamfer. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer.

5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. 234) Control number settings (p. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. See also General numbering settings (p. and the shape is straight. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. and the shape is straight. and the shape is angled. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. The shape and position of the second end point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . All information on previous numbers is lost. See also Chamfering part edges (p. 107) 8. The shape and position of the first end point. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge).Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. 233) Weld numbering settings (p.

See Assembly position numbers (p. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. and number of holes affects numbering. 157). The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. The orientation of columns affects numbering. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. Numbering objects (p. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. numbering.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and save sequence. The part name affects numbering. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. size. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. The orientation of beams affects numbering. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists.

By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. Control numbers (p. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. If some welds have been removed. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. Needed only with the By numbering series option. No keeps the existing control numbers. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. Defines the interval between two control numbers. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. See also Numbering objects (p. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

240) Cutting efficiently (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . Contents • • General modeling tips (p. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. 241) 9. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 239) Right-hand rule (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. See also Defining default part properties (p. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. 2.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. 237) Part positioning tips (p. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p.

create a column with a base plate and cap plate. enter BEAM. then copying them throughout the model. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. 4. To use a default set of part properties. Save time by modeling these areas once. c Enter the values you want to use. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. 3.3. b Select an object. 2. enter a name for the set of properties. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. 5. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. create an empty view or selection filter. when creating grids and levels in a new model. Depending on the project. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. and object groups. The dialog box remains open on the screen. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. then copying it to several levels. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. For a project that has several identical floors. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. In the box next to the Save as button. from simple frames to entire floors. For example. 6. for example. selection filters. This can useful when creating view filters. try modeling an entire floor. or an object group. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. Before you start. 7. Click Save as to save the set of properties. For example. Start the Move or Copy command. Click Load to load the properties. To stop copying or moving objects.

you can use the Xmouse option. 2. To select a date. 4.. select the review date. or define the number of days before or after the review date. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. When you hold the thumb. index finger. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. click Select date.. and then select an object. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. and the middle finger the z axis. to open the Select date dialog box. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 132) Creating a visualization (p. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date.. Click Add row. 3. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. a b To select an object property. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. • See also Use the Page Up. Page Down and arrow keys. Views (p. Open the Background color in model editor document. With Xmouse active. select one of the options. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 .To select values from the model: 1. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. click Select from model. To activate a view.. 3. the index finger the y axis. 2. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. You can either select a date from the calendar. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. and then select one of the options. Download and install the application. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. 2. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. In the Value list box.

use polygon cuts. To locate the failure in the model. For example. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. • • • • If a cut fails.. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. Clear the Cuts check box. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position.3 mm outside of the part planes. the cut is more likely to succeed.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. especially in components. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts.3 mm). See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. See also Cuts (p. Note that after creating the polygon. 2.. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. Click Modify. If the component fails. to open the Display dialog box. Click Display. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. 3. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . 4. Try to position the cut at least 0. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. Cuts (p.

2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. It can cause problems with connections and details. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. To lengthen a part. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. move the part handles. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. Hold down F. Click a row that contains an ID number. 2. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 2. See also Modifying part length (p. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . This can cause shop errors. Click a row that contains an ID number. Hold down Z. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. move the part handles. or use the Fit Part End command.

See also Part position (p. y directions). set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. 40) Points (p. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. always pick points in the same direction. such as beams. Creating a single grid line (p. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. lines and circles. Create points. Use construction planes. pick positions from left to right. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. and from bottom to top (in positive x. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. For example. 57) Fittings (p. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect.

..... 71 using bolts to create assemblies ..............................................148 creating.........................................Index # 3D models...................................................................... 149 creating ...............................................................................83 casting direction ...........................82 adding objects ................. 70 adding objects ............................................................65 bolts .....88 bolt spacing . 76 exploding.................................................................................................................. 75 changing the main part........................81 adding non-concrete objects ......................105 corner chamfers .............................. 75 showing and hiding ...................................................................................................................107 in sketches .............................143 bolting sub-assemblies.........................................................................................................................82 creating...................................................................88 a absolute coordinates .....................113 bending...........199 b background color changing............82 cast unit type ....................................... 71 examples....................................................... 74 numbering ...83 cast units .... 185 assemblies .......................................................................................................................67 warping......... 71................................................................ 88 modifying ....... 15 views ....................................... 218 steel polybeams ...... 225 concrete polybeams .............................79 curved beams...................................84 changing the main part............................................................................. 23 examples..........................................................................................................................83 lotting..............................................................................................87 bolt group shape.........................................................................82 exploding ......................104 corner chamfer dimensions ...... 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 ............................................................................... 174 nested assemblies ................... 75 lotting........................................ 75 joining...............................68 orthogonal beams.........115 cast in place........ 191 angles.......... see visualizing project status ...................................................................................... 131 sub-assemblies ........... 85..................................72 clash checking.............................. 135 beams cambering.................................................................................. 86.........................................................83 top-in-form face ........................................................................... 227 bolt group position .............................................................. 71 using welds to create assemblies .....................................................84 chamfering............................................................73.........................69 steel beams .... 76 highlighting ............................................................................... 74 changing the main assembly............. 75 comparing ............................ 157 removing objects ...105 corner chamfer types................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 143 arcs................. 39 4D tool...................................................73....................83 highlighting ...................................................................174 numbering .................... 79..........................................................105 edge chamfers.............. 30 angle dimensions ......................................115 concrete beams..................................................................................................................................................................................................86 bolt offsets ........................................................................................................................ 72 attaching parts.... 67.......157 removing objects ............................ 117 c cambering parts.........................................................................................................................................

...............................................................142 circles................................................ 79......................................133 object representation settings...........................................................186 perpendicular ......144 colors ................. 223 warping ................................................................... 219 control numbers .............................. 146......187 vertical ..................147 changing status ....................................................... 145...........................................................40 construction circles ...........136 corner chamfers .............................132 concrete parts ......................................................55 background color .................104.............................. 55 classifying information ....................................................................124 coincident contraints .................................................................................................................................................146 managing results ...................................................................................... 78.................... 80.................135 project status visualizations .........23 background color examples.......................................................................................................................213 finding RGB values........................... 117 comparing parts or assemblies.............................................................................187 deleting ............................................ 226 polybeams .....................checking sketched cross sections ... 81.........147 symbols ............................ 232 types and dimensions ........ 69...................................77 beams ................................................................................................. 66....................................................................................113 constraints...........23 color settings ...................238 object groups .................................... 145......................................................................................... 225 cast units...............................................146 class....................................79 slabs ............................41 construction lines ....... 224 steel columns..........................81 casting direction...............................186 coincident......................................................................................... 51...................................................................... 159 settings ....................................... 224 pad footings .......................... 28........189 construction objects .........................188 parallel ...................................................................................................................................239 grid color............... 78...........................................146 sessions.............................................................. 222 panels .......................84 columns ............................................................................ 225 strip footings .......................187 colliding objects ............. 144................................197 checking the model........ 31 columns concrete columns ......................167 clip planes................189 fixed ................. 116............................235 coordinates coordinate system.......147 list of clashes .........................41 construction planes..........................................................................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...................................... 149 bolts ...149 components showing and hiding.. 158........................................................................................................................................ 78.................................................................................. 78............................................ 105......................................185 Clash Check Manager .. 146 clash checking ..........188 horizontal .................................40 contour plates .............................28 copying hints and tips.............................................. 218 combining parts .................................................................148 changing priority ....................68......................................................

.......... 100 twin profiles ................................................127 modifying contents ......................... 165 tile pattern definition .....................190 radial......... 139 erection sequences ................................................. 30 holes...........................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ..............................191 deleting from a sketch ........................................................ 137............ 168 strip footings... 91.............. 132 object representation settings ................ 80 construction circles.................................................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section.................. 109......126 adding attributes........ 70 views .................................... 90 logical areas ......76 background colors .......................................70.....................227 DGN supported objects ................... 184 slabs........................................171 e edge chamfers..191 between two points......... 136 screenshots............................................109 hints and tips .... 82 clip planes ................................................................................................... 93................................................ 168 lots..................................................................................................................................................137 creating object representation settings............. 71 tile patterns...................................................................................................................... 41 construction planes ..65...................................................................................................................192 display settings .............................................. 169 orthogonal beams ........... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor.162...............................................137 numbering .............................................................. 111 d deleting logical areas ................................ 38 grids ....................................................171 object types .................................................................................................................................................138 creating project status visualization settings ................................................ 69 curved beams......................193 horizontal.........101 visualizing erection schedules...... 110........................................................................... 68 Custom Inquiry .................................... 79 concrete columns ......................48 dimensions angle.............................68.......................................................... 67 storys................................................................................ 74 object groups.............23 creating object groups ...................................................................................................................................... 88 sketched cross sections ........................................................................................................................................ 79 concrete slabs .................................. 107....................................................................................................................................... 181 sketching cross sections .................................. 35 welds ............................................................ 134 object type categories ............................................................................ 71 bolts..139 visualizing project status .....................171 detail properties ......................................131 examining the model ................................................................... 124 sections ....................................................... 32 grid views ........................................................................... 68 fittings.... 111 part cuts..... 78 project status visualizations ..........................................................................................................................127 cuts ........................................................................63 erection schedules.................................. 67 steel columns ........................ 172 single bolts ............. 181 curved parts................. 174 models.... 163...........................................216 distances measuring..................................... 112 polygon cuts .............................................................................. 40 contour plates. 16 nested assemblies .................................192 in sketching ................. 41 construction lines ..................................... 232 end offsets .................................................................................... 104........................ 108 grid lines................................................................................204 defining erection schedules.... 86 cast units ..................................... 124 concrete beams..................................190 vertical ...........240 line cuts ....................................................................... 160 steel beams.....................................................................................................................................................119 examples assemblies ............. 69 pad footings................................................... 109.....creating assemblies ..........................................89....................... 168 sequences.................................................... 78 concrete panels..............................................................143 dividing models............................................................................................................................. 78 sub-assemblies . 80 standard-part models .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 81 concrete polybeams .................................................................................... 66 steel polybeams ............... 164........................................171 exact lines....................................

.. see tips ................................................................200 f family numbers .............................240 grid labels ...................................................................................................84 unselected parts ...76 cast units ..............................................................................................................................................................................................83 exporting sketched cross sections ......................................................................30 creating........................32 deleting .83 reference models ............................................................................................................................................42 sketched cross sections.........................................238 parts..................................................................................................................................... 90 horizontal constraints .......................................................27 hiding assemblies....188 horizontal dimensions ......26 highlighting assemblies............................................................................................33 modifying ..............................................................155 example ...............................................................................................................................................................................................78.........................126 object properties .................................................................................. 29..........................................126 j joining assemblies.............................................195 reference lines ....................................................................................75 cast units...............................................................203 inquiring models ...................exploding assemblies.............................................................56 positioning planes ..28 grid lines ...................................................................................................................................................31 origin.....................................33 properties.......................................................................................................................153 importing points ............................................156 finding clashes ..................................................163 modifying .................................................................... 28.........132 cut lines.....................................29 properties............................................................... 111 lines exact ..................................................................................................108 fixed constraints..................................................................................... 31 labels ............................................................................ 109................................................... 31 line extensions..................57 moving ........................203 extrusion types......................................130 top-in-form face.....................................................................................................188 flying through model ..............................................................................................145 finding distant objects .........................131 work area .......131 components ................................................................57 of positioning planes...........................................................45 hints and tips...........................................................................................................................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....237 holes ......123 footings ....................149 fittings ...........................29 modifying .................................................................45 selected parts ..............75 l lengthening parts .....38 properties......................................62 i identical areas......................................................................212 grid views creating...152 reinforcements ......................116 levels.......................211 work plane grid .64 line cuts...215 grids coordinates ..............................................................................28 h handles ...................................................... 222................. 89...........................192 horizontal position ...................................................58 reference models .........31 part labels ........................................................................... 223 g global coordinate system ................................32 creating...........131 local coordinate system .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................31 grid color...30 deleting ...................................

........................ 16 dividing into phases.....................................238 models in a view... 175 creating ..............................................................................................................159 numbering series..................... 122 numbering ............................................... 151 organizing...................152 identical reinforcements ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 143 distances .............................. 126 moving.....................233 m Magnifier......................................................................153 what affects .......................................................................................................................... 114 models about 3D models ............................ 21 Model Organizer.......................................................................... 238 parametric modeling..................................................................................................................................................... 154.................................................................................................................. 158.............. 176 rendered or plan view?.................................133 example..................................... 237 identical areas ............................. 74 numbering......................................................... 15 checking for errors .............................................160 user-defined attributes.................. 143 bolt spacing ........................57 n nested assemblies.....................................151 assemblies ....................... 241 logical areas ........................................................................................................................................160 control numbers............................................ 233........................................................................... 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position ............................................................................................... 167 modeling hints and tips ..161 identical parts . 168 viewing ............................. 121 saving.................................195 using handles .......................................................................................157 sequences ....... 171 examining.............................................................................................................. 234.......167 viewing ...............134 deleting. 169 object types .......................................162...........................154 preliminary numbers................................... 164.......... 54 measuring objects ....135 example... 175 moving hints and tips ................ 119 flying through model............................................................ 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)........................................................152 numbering settings .... 159 examples .....................log files viewing ............ 156......................................................................................................................................................................214 object property report templates........... 17 viewing ..........157 checking and repairing ............................................157 cast units ................................................................................................... 175 removing .................................................................................................................................................................................. 120 materials......... 156 settings .............138 object types ...........172 series...........................................................................................................135 creating...................................... 119 modifying logical areas ...........................126 object representation settings......................................... 174 deleting..................................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 .............................................. 155...................................... 123 inquiring.................................................................161 clearing.. 58 Model Editor screen layout....................................213 copying to another model ......................... 119 zooming..............158 reinforcements.............................167.............. 235 standard-part model ....................................... 174 adding parts ................................................ 169 o object groups ................................................................... 163........................................................................................................................................... 73....................................................... 143 angles................................. 170 lotting..................153 modifying ................................... 151............... 153............................................137 transparency settings .......................................... 156 about numbering ........................................................................ 163 history.... 165 family numbers ..................... 142 creating .........132 deleting...........................................................................................................................................................................................................133 copying ..........................................132 color settings ...................................122 positioning planes................................................................................................. 167 rotating ....133 creating..............................

............................................................................................................................53 part add.........156 placing objects in model ................................................................................................................81 panning ............................................................................................................................................................126 measuring.....................152 labels .... 57...................................................................................74 assemblies..........................................42 phase and ID ..............70 bending ..........................................................................................................................................................................................156 views. 67..................................................................187 phases ......................115 changing the material ...................... 154........................................................... 144..................................................................................... 79 polygon cuts....................................212 importing ............................................................167 orthogonal beams ........56 lengthening ..............................................................................................................................................................63 opening models ...66 user-defined attributes ....................................................................................................... see attaching parts ...................................................113 perpendicular constraints...................................................................................................................242 positioning ....112 polygon welds ......................................128 offsets ..........176 profiles ......................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................217 parts adding to assembly..............................................................................................65 cambering .....................116 showing only selected parts..................................237 hiding .................................. 110.......................42 coordinates ............................................................................ 112 default properties ..........115 shortening in drawings................122 parallel constraints...............17 organizing the model .................................................................................. 109.......................171 in numbering .....................................................................................242 identical parts......................................................220 overlapping numbering series ...................................................................................117 part labels ..................................164 plane views ....55 warping ......................... 156 part types ................................117 steel parts ...................212 polybeams.......................................77 cutting with another part ..............................186 parametric modeling ...........objects clash checking ...................56 part properties.........................90 p pad footings ...................................128 finding distant objects ....131 splitting.....................................................................................56 showing and hiding.....................................................................................174 material ........................................52 properties.......................................................................................212 properties...........................52 position ..............................................52 combining ................................................................242 showing and hiding............................... 172.....................................................................54 changing the profile ..................................................................149 concrete parts .......................................................................176 parametric profiles ....................... 145 defining visibility.....149 inquiring properties .51 sequences ..... 111 polygon shapes...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78..........................54 modifying part length .......................................................................................116 lotting ....... 173 shortening ...................................115 lengthening in drawings ............................................... 58 profiles ...................................116 comparing .................................................................................................................................130 horizontal parts ..131 showing with exact lines .......................................................239 oversized holes.......................................................................143 numbering..............................................................................................................................................................................241 numbering.............................. 222 panels .........39 points ...........................................................93 polylines ....

... 59 vertical.................................. 158 preparing parts for welding.............................................................................................................45 splitting into reference objects............................. 125 priority in clash checking...........................................................................................128 restoring default work plane .............................................................................................. 63 horizontal...................................... 59 rotation .161 report templates for inquiring object properties ................................................. 195 reverting to default ...........................59 rotation settings ........................................................................................................144 hiding..........198 screen layout in Model Editor ....128 repairing numbering errors .. 136 example..... 135 copying............................................................................................................ 65 depth ............................................................. 64 on the work plane.... 65 redrawing views.......................................................................................................57 refreshing views............................................... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes............. 48 reference models............................................................................................................................................................................................................position bending .80 s saving models...................... 53 twin profiles ...............................................................................................................................................43 clash checking.............................................................................241 representation options .........................................................................................239 right-hand rule ...............................................69 slabs ............................................................ 190 radius.......................................................................44 selecting ............. 94 printing screenshots..........................44 modifying properties .................................................................57..................................................................................................................................................................................... 53 weld size prefix....................... 138 properties default ..........................239 rotating models....................... 47 selecting ...................... 136 deleting...................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ............................................................28 reverting to default positioning planes.........48 updating.......... 39 reference lines.................................................................................................................53...................................................................................................... 53 project status visualizations.............. 70 user-defined ......36 representation options......48 supported DGN objects ..........................136...................................................... 53 separators ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 147 profiles............................................................................45 inserting........ 62 levels .............................................126 reports viewing .............................................................................................. 193 handles.................................................................. 60 end offsets.....................................213 rotation angle knob ..........................................197 to old clash checking functionality ............ 196 moving.................46 reference points...... 52 parametric .....................................................45 viewing changes.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 61 positioning planes............................ 53 sketched profiles .................................17 sketched cross sections .................................. 201 standard .45 highlighting .......................................... 176 prefixes.39 reinforcements identical .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 237 r radial dimensions .....................157 relative coordinates ....153 numbering ...................................... 58 reference model objects ........30 rendered views ......................121 parts ..................................................................................45 viewing layers........................................................................................................................................149 RGB values .......................................................89 plates............................................................................................................................................... 136 creating .........................................................................................58 round holes..... 93 preliminary numbers......................................

.........220 pad footing properties...............215 numbering settings ......................88 single grid lines ..................................173 creating...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................57 snapshots.................................................................................124 in Windows Vista ..............................125 saving in bitmap format .............................................222 part properties ...........................................................................173 inquiring .............173 settings bolt properties..................214 sections.............................26 single bolts .................................................................................................214 steel beam properties .................................................................................................................................................................................241 shortening and lengthening parts ............................................................................ see screenshots .............................................200 importing ..................................................................................232 general modeling settings.................193........................................................................................................................................................132 cut lines.............................................................................................199 checking............................184 positioning planes ..............................211 grid line properties ..........................32 single-part welds .....................................................124 splitting parts..................................................................................227 concrete beam properties......................................................................................204 exporting ...............223 twin profile properties ............................................................................ 194.....197 circles........201 refining the shape ...201 example ......185 creating ...................................... 118 plates and slabs...............................172 deleting ..................221 view properties ...............................................................................................................................................................................................186 saving .........................................................................218 steel column properties .............................80 warping ..90 snapping to middle points.....................195 reference lines ..118 standard profiles ...................131 positioning planes ......................190 arcs ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................232 detail properties ..................................227 display settings ......................................185 chamfers ....... 235 orthogonal beam properties...........................211 grid view properties ........................................................225 contour plate properties....56 parts with exact lines ......................screenshots creating.............226 concrete slab properties ..................................................48 reference models.................160 status in clash checking ........................................................84 views..................................................................................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ........................184 creating images .......131 components .................... 114 slotted holes.................................................................233...............................................213 screenshot settings.......................................125 printing..............................58 top-in-form face.......................................................................................................199 using in models...............................................................................................................198 sketch thickness .............94 Sketch Browser.........................................................................53 standard-part models ........................................................ 234.................................................................168 selecting dates from model......38 work area ......................................147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................... 202..........................58 sequences ................................................173 modifying ........................................................................... 117...................................................................216 edge chamfer properties.................................................................................................................................215 weld properties .............................................................. 113.....................................238 reference model objects ...........................................................183 slabs....225 concrete column properties ..............................181 sketched cross sections...............................................................................................................................................................................240 parts labels ................... 202...........................................................238 selection dial .................................................. 203 modifying ........................212 grid properties..........................116 showing assemblies...............186 adding dimensions.......... 196 profiles ................................212 rotation settings .............................................224 concrete panel properties .................................................115 shortening parts in drawings ........................................................................................................................................181 adding constraints..............................182 sketch editor... 203 extrusion types...........................................................................219 corner chamfer properties ....172 adding parts....218 strip footing properties .........................................................................229 shifting the work plane ...217 point properties.........................215 view settings ..........45 values from model .........201 variables ................125 settings ......................198 polylines.................

........................................... 71 bolting to existing assembly ......214 twin profiles............................176 in sketching .................................... 218 columns........ 72 surface treatment .......................................................................................153 user-defined profiles .......... 97 tiled surface treatment.........................................................................................................................................................................21 user-defined attributes.35 opening............................. 220 polybeams........................................................................................................................................................................................................................38 modifying ...........................................78....136 t testing sketched cross sections .............................................................................................................35 view planes..................................................... 168 strip footings ..............................................................38 overlapping.....36 visibility of objects.......... 67 twin profiles ............96.............................................36 view types.....................183 vertical constraints................................................................................................................................................... 70 beams ................................. 98 on cut faces....................... 97 on parts with openings and recesses...................................................................67...............................173 views........................................ 238 modifying part length..................................................39 creating............................... 239 modeling identical areas ..........238 variables in parametric modeling ......................................................steel parts.... 240 defining default part properties................................ 238 creating horizontal parts... 68.............. 39 top-in-form face ....128 view planes......................239 properties .................................. 97 on chamfered parts ............... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 ...........................35 deleting............................................................................................................. 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ....... 96 creating new surface treatments .. 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ...............170 sequence numbers..................................39 closing ................................................................................................................................................... 95 adding ...............................................36 moving.......................................................................... 219 curved beams..215 viewing logical areas ........................................................................................ 70..................................... 96 on all faces of part............................................38 naming............................... 100 pattern definition example .................................... 69...........................................................................................33 arranging .................................................................................................161 object types ..................................................................................................66.........................................70............................................. 98 on selected areas.............................................................................. 99 modifying............................................... 119..........................189 vertical dimensions .......................61 view depth ............................................................................... 100 switching between views ...................................... 242 right-hand rule ........... 66 assemblies ....................................... 223 sub-assemblies .....................................37 view settings ...........................................................39 switching between views ................ 103 pattern elements ........................................... 239 copying and moving efficiently ....................................................... 124 numbering history.............................................. 218 contour plates............................. 97 on part face ............................................................................................... 72 welding to existing assembly...................................................................................................... 101 pattern definitions...................................................84 transparency settings ...............................................55 in numbering........................................................................170 models...................................................................................................................... 242 cutting efficiently........ 241 placing objects .................69.......128 visualizing project status........................................................................................................................ 239 selecting values from model.............. 237 finding RGB values for colors......39 temporary ........................................... 104 tips activating overlapping views ..............................215 refreshing ................................................. 100 creating new tile patterns ..................................... 221 u user interface in Model Editor .................................................. 68 orthogonal beams ................................... 197 tiled surface treatment. 221 storys.........................53 v values selecting from model ......................................192 vertical position...............................

............................ 114 welds.............................................234 polygon welds.......................120 zooming in or out ..........231 welding sub-assemblies .....................................26 work plane...........27 workspace in Model Editor..............................................92 weld preparation ..........................................................................................................................w warping beams.....................93 single-part welds.. 25..........................................................................94 weld size prefixes ........................................................113 concrete slabs ............................................................. 93...........................36 work area .....................21 z zooming using Magnifier ..........................93 weld types................................91 creating.................................................................................................................................. 94 numbering..120 zoom window ...................................................................................................120 zoom settings....................................................................................................72 wire frame views ........................27 restoring...............................................................91............. 91..................................................................................................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................113 concrete parts.....................120 with keyboard shortcuts .................................................................... 128 defining .........26 hiding ......................................................................... 113...........................94 weld position.................................................................................................................... 229 between parts ..........28 shifting ........................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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