Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

3

Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

4

Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

5

.. 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position .............................................................. 3................................................................................................ Assembly hierarchy ................................................ 57 Steel parts..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Creating a steel column................................ Using bolts to create assemblies .................................................. Adding objects to assemblies............................................................ Creating a steel beam .................................................................................. Bending ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 66 Assemblies.................................. Horizontal position ................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a nested assembly ............................................................................................................................. 3...................................................................................................................... Levels ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Colors ............................ Position on the work plane ................ Creating a curved beam ....... Parametric profiles ...................................................................................................................................... Changing the material of a part ........................................................................................ Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Showing part labels in a view . Position depth ............. Creating a round contour plate ............................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a twin profile.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding parts to an assembly .........4 Creating an assembly.. Creating a steel polybeam...................................................................................... Creating a contour plate ........................... 3.... Showing part reference lines in model views .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating an orthogonal beam...................................................................................................................................................................... User-defined attributes ...................................................................................................Changing the profile of a part ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. User-defined profiles ........................................................... Rotation ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................... Vertical position ........................ Modifying the position of a part .................................................................................................................................................... Standard profiles ............ End offsets ....... Using welds to create assemblies .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Materials...... Creating a sub-assembly ... Part labels ......................2 Moving a part using handles ..............................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................ Defining the casting direction of a part ..................................................................................................... Defining the cast unit type................................................ Removing objects from an assembly .........................................................................................................................................Joining assemblies ..............................................................................5 Creating a pad footing........................... 3.................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete panel ........................................................................................................................................... 85 Creating a bolt group.......................... Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ......................1 Bolts..................................... Casting direction ......................... 3................................................................................................................................. Creating a concrete beam............................................................. Changing or adding bolted parts ....... Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ...... Changing the cast unit main part .......................... Highlighting objects in an assembly .............................................................................................................................. Highlighting objects in a cast unit............................................................................................................................ Assembly examples ..................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete column .................................................................................................................. 85 4...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing the assembly main part ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a strip footing .............. Creating a single bolt ..................................................................................................................................... 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ... Bolt offsets ............ 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ........................................................... Creating a concrete polybeam ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes..... Showing the top-in-form face ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete slab ............................................................... 4............................................................................................................... 89 Creating slotted holes .................................................. Creating a round slab ................... 81 4 Detailing Structures ............................6 Creating a cast unit ... Bolt group position ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Creating round holes.......................................... 77 Cast units.......................................................................................... Changing the main assembly ..................................................................... Exploding an assembly ............................ Bolt group shape ............................................................................ Adding objects to cast units ..................... Removing objects from a cast unit ............................................................. Exploding a cast unit .................................................................................................................................

.............................. 104 4............................................................................................................................................................................ Polygon cuts ......... Cutting parts with a polygon ........................... 99 Tiled surface treatment....................................................................................................................................Creating oversized holes.......................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment.................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape . 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ............... 100 Example pattern definition ................................................ 103 Tile pattern elements ..................................................................................................................... Weld position ............................................................................................................................. Chamfering part edges .............................................................................................................................................................. 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ................................................................................................................................................................. 104 Chamfers.................................................................................................................................................................................... 101 Tile pattern definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions .. 98 Creating new surface treatment options................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Part cuts .............................................................................................................................. Fittings............................................................ Warping a beam using deformation angles ................................................................................... Weld size prefixes ................................................................................................................................................... Creating a weld to a part ............................... 90 4................................................................................... Manually preparing a part for welding .............................................................................................................. Weld preparation ................................................................................................................................................. 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ................................................ Creating a polygon weld...................................................................................... Polybeam chamfers ............................................................................................. 100 Creating new tile patterns .......................................................................................... 4............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Warping concrete parts ............................................................... Chamfering part corners ........................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ......................................................................................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a line ......................................................... Creating a fitting ................................................... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ..................................................................................................................... Modifying the shape of a polygon.......................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ....................................................................................3 Welds ................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ........................... Cuts ............................................................................................. Line cuts ..................................................................... Cutting parts with another part ................................................. 91 Creating a weld between parts.............................................................................. 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................... 95 Modifying surface treatment properties .........................................

....... 116 Attaching a part to another part............................................................................ Hiding unselected parts............................................................................................................................................ Showing and hiding assemblies............................................................................. 5............................................................................................................... Printing a screenshot .................................................................................................................................................. 118 Splitting a plate or slab.....................................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Combining two parts into one..... Rotating the model ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista .... 5................................ Hiding selected parts.............................................................. Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 .................................................................. 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model ............................................................ Flying through the model.............. Cambering a part ................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the zoom settings ..... 117 4............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ................................................................................................. Shortening and lengthening parts ........................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................. 126 Showing and hiding objects ................................................................................................................................... Saving a screenshot in bitmap format .................................................................................................................................................................. Cambering parts...... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab .......... 4................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts................................................................................................. Lengthening a part in drawings ....................................................................... Representation options .................................................... Zooming with Magnifier ... Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ...................................................................................................................................2 Inquiring object properties...1 Viewing the model ................................................................................................................................................ Moving the model................................................................................................................................ Creating a clip plane ..................................................................... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ..................................................................... 119 5.................................. Shortening a part in drawings ............................................................. Showing parts with exact lines ................................... 118 5 Examining the Model........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Object property report templates ...............................................................7 Splitting parts ..........................................................................................................................3 Defining which objects are displayed ........................................ Creating a screenshot........................ 119 Zooming the model ..................................................................................................................................................................................

....................... Finding distant objects............................... 5......... 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Object groups ........ 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...................... 152 Identical reinforcements ................................................................................................ 142 6 Numbering the Model...................................................... Copying an object group to another model ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Measuring bolt spacing ................................................................................................................ Detecting clashes .................... 153 Planning your numbering series............................... Example: Creating object groups ........ 5....... 151 What affects numbering .................................... 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ........................................................................................................................................................................................... Finding clashes in a model ........................................... Reverting to the old clash checking functionality .................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating an object group . Example: Defining an erection schedule ...............................................................1 6.............................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Creating visualization settings ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts .................................. Deleting visualization settings ...............4 Creating a visualization ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Deleting object representation settings ................................................................................................ 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status.... Creating object representation settings ........ Object representation settings............................................................. Clash Check Manager ...............................................2 What is numbering ................... Example: Creating object representation settings ..............................................................................................................................5 Measuring objects ................ Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ................................................................................. Copying object representation settings to another model .......................... Measuring distances ..................Showing and hiding components ..................................................................................................... Comparing parts or assemblies.......................................................................................................................................................................................... Copying visualization settings to another model .............................................3 Defining numbering series .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Measuring angles ............................. 153 6................................................. 152 Identical parts ........................ 151 6............................................................................................................................................................... 135 Checking the model ................................. Deleting an object group ...............

..........2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases..... 167 7.......................................................................................................................................................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories.............................1 Organizing the model.........................3 Sequences..................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 167 Creating logical areas .................................................................. Creating a standard-part model .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Using family numbers...... Clearing numbers.............................. 171 Dividing the model into phases ......................................................................4 Lotting ............................................................. 161 Numbering examples..................................................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part................................................................................................................... 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling.......................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects........................... Creating object type categories............................................................................................................................................. Example: Numbering settings during a project .................................. 6....................... 156 Viewing the numbering history......................................................................................................................................... 171 7................................................... Control numbers...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Family numbers.......................................................................................................................................................................... Assigning control numbers to parts .............................................................................................................. 161 Repairing numbering errors ........................................................... 162 Example: Numbering identical beams................................................................................................................................................ 7.....................................5 6....... Assigning family numbers ................................... Adding parts to a sequence ................................................................................................................... Example: Numbering selected part types .................................... 172 Creating a sequence ...................................................................................... Changing numbers....................................................... Locking and unlocking control numbers .... 6.............. 171 Custom phase properties ..................................................................................... Example: Numbering parts in selected phases....... Overlapping numbering series ..................... Deleting logical areas and object type categories................................................................................................................................ Deleting a sequence ............................................................. Checking the sequence of a part .................. Numbering reinforcements... 172 173 173 173 173 7..................................................................................................... Saving preliminary numbers...........................................................................................................................6 6................................................. Viewing logical areas and object type categories .......................................................................... Changing the family number of an object ........................................................................................................................ Assembly position numbers .................................................. 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 .............................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Modifying a sketched cross section........................................................................ Sketching a polyline ..... Deleting a lot .......................................... Cross section extrusion types .............................................................................................................. Adding a radial dimension to a sketch .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section........................................... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ........................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ..........................................................................................................5 7................................................................... 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Adding a perpendicular constraint ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to a lot ............................................................... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ................................................................... Part positioning planes .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding a vertical constraint ................................................................ Setting the sketch thickness .................. Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch . Adding a parallel constraint ....................... Deleting a constraint ... 176 Sketched cross sections ............................................................................................................. Moving positioning planes ..................... Sketching an arc ... Showing and hiding positioning planes ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Variables .................................. Sketch Browser ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Deleting a dimension from a sketch .......................... Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ................................................................................................................................... Saving a sketched cross section ................................................... Reverting to default positioning planes ....... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section.......................... 7...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Creating a lot .............. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ............ Sketching a circle .6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling .............................................................................. Adding a coincident constraint .......... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................................................................ Adding a fixed constraint ........................................................................... Connection positioning planes ............................................................ Adding a horizontal constraint ................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying chamfers in a sketch ........................................................................... Sketching the outline of a cross section ............................ Moving positioning plane handles ............................................................................................................................... Removing parts from a lot ........................................................................................ Checking a sketched cross section ...

.................................................................................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness ..........................................................1 General settings................................................................................. 215 Grid view properties .. Contour plate properties........................... Color settings .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating an image of a sketched cross section ........................ 215 View properties .. 216 8........................................................................................................................................................................................... Grid line properties.......... Transparency settings........................ 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8................................................................................................... Example: Using the cross section in a model ................................................... Concrete column properties .............................................................. 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 .......................................... 8........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ............................................................................................................3 Part properties ................................... 229 Weld types ......................................... Screenshot settings......................................................................................... Pad footing properties................................................................................................................................................... 227 Weld properties ................................................................... 217 Steel column properties ..................................................................... Concrete slab properties .............................................................................. 215 Display settings ............... Concrete beam properties...... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings..................................................................... Importing sketched cross sections .............................. Exporting sketched cross sections ..................4 Detail properties................................... Rotation settings .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 211 8.............................................. Point properties .................................................................................... Steel beam properties ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section .................................................. 211 Grid properties .................................................. Strip footing properties ............................................................................................................................................................... Concrete panel properties............................................................................................................................................ Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ................................................................................................................ Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section.............................................................................................................................................. Twin profile properties...................................... Orthogonal beam properties ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 227 Bolt properties..............................................Using sketched cross sections in a model .........................................................................................................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings................................................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ............................

..........................5 Numbering settings .......................1 General modeling tips ....................................................................................... 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips................................................................................................................................................................................. Selecting values from the model ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern............................................................................................................................................................................................... 233 Weld numbering settings............................................. Copying and moving efficiently......................... Finding RGB values for colors........ 9... Hiding cut lines in a view ............................... 232 8............Corner chamfer properties ........................................ Creating horizontal parts ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modeling identical areas.....................................................................................................................2 Modifying part length ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Optional ways of placing objects in a model ........................................................................................................ 237 Defining default part properties ................................................... 233 General numbering settings ............................................................... 237 9....... Right-hand rule......... Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .................................. Activating an overlapping view .................................................... 234 Control number settings ................................................... 232 Edge chamfer properties ................................................ 235 9 Modeling Tips ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Cutting efficiently ................................................

The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. create. you can create a real-life model of any structure. as they react to modifications in the model. such as reports and NC data files. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 .1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. 17) Saving a model (p. 15) Creating a new model (p. 18) 1.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. and save models in Tekla Structures. 16) Opening a model (p. 17) Model templates (p. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

16

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

19

20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

29) Views (p. Initially. 21) Work area (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 .1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. 27) Coordinate system (p. When you open or create a model. the icons and available menu options will become active. a new window appears on the screen.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. 33) Construction objects (p. 42) Reference models (p. 43) 2. 28) Grids (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. 25) Work plane (p. 40) Points (p.

and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p. 23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions.

2.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. and so on. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. set the same value for all four corners of the background. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Finding RGB values for colors (p. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. 239) Background color examples (p. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2. > Model View. leave the advanced option fields empty. To use the default background color. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. 3...

0 1.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 0.4 0.0 1.0 1.2 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 Result 0.0 1.RGB values 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 1.0 1.

0 1.7 0.8 0.0 0.6 0.0 1.0 Result 0.0 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.8 0.0 1. 239) 2. dashed lines.7 See also Changing the background color (p.0 1.3 0.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.2 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.RGB values 0.0 0. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .0 0.7 0.6 1.7 0.2 0.3 0.

4. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. click View > Redraw All again. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. See also Defining the work area (p. 5. 2. or all model objects.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. To make the box visible again. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 26) Hiding the work area (p. See also Work area (p. or size the work area to include selected parts. 1. Alternatively. or in all visible views. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. for example. Objects outside the work area still exist.. Click View > Redraw All. You can define the work area in a selected view. 2. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area.. Tekla Structures hides the work area. To make the work area visible again. Click OK or Apply. set the advanced option to FALSE. Work area (p. > Model View. 3. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. This can be useful. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. but they are not visible. when creating screenshots for presentations. for example. you can hide the green work area box. To define the work area: 1. For more information on each command.

27) Restoring the default work plane (p.2. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. part positioning. For more information on each command. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. or on a part or view plane. To display the work plane grid. The current work plane is model-specific.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. To shift the work plane: 1. See also Shifting the work plane (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. which can be used for positioning parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. For example creating points. which is the local coordinate system of the model. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. 28) Right-hand rule (p. so it is the same in all views. For example. parallel to one of the global basic planes. 3. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. When modeling sloped parts. The work plane also has its own grid. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar.

See also Work plane (p. To restore the default work plane: 1. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. For example. Work plane (p. 2.. 4. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 3. Click OK.See also Work plane (p.. to change the color to red. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 4.0 0.. y.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. set the value to 1. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. Click Change. 2. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. Set Plane to XY. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. Set Depth coordinate to 0.0 0.0. > Model View. 239) 2. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. 3..

36) 2.In wire frame views. See also Work plane (p. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. 27) View types (p. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model.

So that you can easily locate objects in your model. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. and Z0. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. 3. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. See also Creating a grid (p. You can also create grids manually. 0 2*4000. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. 4. See also Creating a grid (p. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. For example. 31) Grid lines (p. If you do not pick a point. To manually create a grid: 1. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. 31) Grid properties (p. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. 31) Changing the grid color (p. 5. 30) Coordinate system (p. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. The z coordinates are absolute. Y0. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. 30) Modifying a grid (p. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. Grids (p. 0 4000 4000. 2. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. Optional: When prompted.. Modify the grid properties. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0.You can have more than one grid in a model. 29) Grid coordinates (p. and Z0. Click Modeling > Create Grid. Y0. 31) Deleting a grid (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. See also Click Create. For example. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. 30) Grid labels (p. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid.. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

is selected. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. 29) Grid properties (p. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. If you have also other objects selected. Grids (p. See also Click Modify to save the changes. 29) Creating a grid (p. 2. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. See also Grids (p. See also Grids (p. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. not the grid. 2. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. 4. is selected. If you wish. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. you can leave the label fields empty. When you delete a grid. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. The Grid dialog box appears. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. 3. 3. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. When working with very large grids. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. Modify the grid properties.

57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. You can use handles to move the grid lines. Pick the end point of the grid line. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . When you select a grid line.0.0 0. 2.0 0. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. 4. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. Click OK.. 2. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. Single grid lines have handles. 3. Pick the starting point of the grid line. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. to change the color to red. For example. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to.. set the value to 1. 3. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. the handles appear in magenta. > Model View. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. See also Grids (p. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.1. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. 4. See also Grids (p.

When you delete a grid line. Click Modify to save the changes. See also is selected. 2. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Modify the grid line properties. is selected. 4. Grid lines (p. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. See also Grid lines (p. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. 2. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. not the grid line.See also Grid lines (p. For example. 3. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. If you also have other objects selected. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. 3. 32) Grid line properties (p. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. 32) 2.

39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 38) Deleting a view (p. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 38) Switching between open views (p. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. plane. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 35) Opening a view (p. 38) Modifying a view (p. create a 3D view of the part. 39) Refreshing views (p. This places the part in the center of the view. and elevation views provide different types of information. which is useful for different tasks. 39) Arranging views (p. See also Creating a view (p.

You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. See also Views (p. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. c See also Click Modify. 35) View types (p. or the view will not be saved for later use. Temporary views. 2. b Type a unique name in the Name field. disappear when you close them. If several users have different views with the same name. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 3. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. See also Creating a view (p.If you are working with two screens. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. 215) About naming views (p. which have a default name in parentheses. it is very important to give views unique names. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. 36) Creating grid views (p. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. Optional: Save the view. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . In multi-user mode. 33) View settings (p. For more information on each command. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. 36) View planes (p. Select a view command from the View menu. see the corresponding menu tooltip. When you exit the model. Views (p. Tekla Structures only saves the named views.

View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. In basic views. 35) Representation options (p. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . In the basic plane view. and zy). • See also Creating a view (p. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. It does not appear in the plane name. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. xz.

Moving a view plane (p. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. To move the view plane: 1. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. depending on the creation method. Click the view. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. from the pop-up menu. 37) Creating a view (p. 2. 3. or enter its coordinates. See also View planes (p.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. 5. or the points are defined automatically. or enter its coordinates. When you move a view plane.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Other views For view types other than basic views. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. Click Move. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . Pick the end point of the translation vector. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. 4... If the Move .

Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. To open multiple views. Click Create. Click Modify. 3. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . If the view does not appear. To create grid views: 1.. 33) View settings (p. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. how it will name the views. Select the grid. See also Creating a view (p. create a view that contains a grid. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. The Views dialog box appears. Modify the grid properties. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. 2. 3... 5. The Views dialog box appears. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. See also Views (p. 2.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. check how many views you have open.. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Tekla Structures displays a warning.. If you try to open more than nine views. Modify the view properties. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. and which view properties it will use. Before you start. 4. 35) Grid view properties (p. 2. and all visible views on the right. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. or double-click a view to open it. Views (p. Click View > View List.

2. Click View > View List. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. In the View Properties dialog box. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window.. select a view from the list. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. and all visible views on the right.. Views (p. Click Delete. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. Click View > Redraw All. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views.. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. See also Views (p. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. 3.1. On the Window menu. The Views dialog box appears. To delete multiple views. Views (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. and then click Modify. Select the view you want to delete. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. select an option from the Angle list box. Views (p. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. 33) Switching between open views (p.

They do not appear in drawings. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. lines. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. Click View > Close All. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. For example. Type a name for the plane. select the Magnetic check box. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. Pick four points. and circles help you place other objects. Double-click the plane in the model. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. 4.7 Construction objects Construction planes.To arrange the views. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. 2. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. See also Views (p. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. Tile Horizontally. When you move the plane. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. Click the middle mouse button. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . You cannot use the Cascade. See also Creating a construction plane (p. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. 40) Creating a construction line (p. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. 3. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. Tekla Structures draws the plane. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. 5. 6. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. 33) 2. For example.

Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. c Click Modify. For more information on each command. Pick the starting point of the construction line. a Double-click the line in the model. See also Construction objects (p. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. Click Modify. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2.7. See also Construction objects (p. b Select the Magnetic check box. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. See also Construction objects (p. 2. 3. Pick the end point of the construction line. 4.

In some cases this file is generated by another software package. When you create points. Points (p. See also Creating a point (p. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. 42) Importing points (p. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. To import points from a file: 1. Create a point import file. For more information on each command.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. see the corresponding menu tooltip. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures.2. 42) Point properties (p. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. 2. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar.

IFC) IGES files (*. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p.dxf) AutoCAD (*. See also Points (p. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. Click Create. If you do not specify the path.rop. 3. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. 44) Selecting a reference model (p.dwg) MicroStation (*. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures. During the import process. or a heating. *.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. a plant design model.700.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*.500. 4. See also Inserting a reference model (p. an architectural model. b Save the file.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. For example.1500 2. Double-click Point Creation Import (8). Type point in the Search field and click Search. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. 7.3dd) IFC files (*. Type the ASCII file name.1000 300. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog.igs. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. 6.dgn.prp) Cadmatic models (*. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. 42) 2. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. Include the full path and the file extension. *. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. 5. For example: 100.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry.

Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. see Adding properties.. 47) Supported DGN objects (p.Updating reference models (p. 6. Click the Browse. button to browse for the reference model file. If you do not define a reference model file to use.. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. 4. Set the scale of the reference model. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p.. See also Reference models (p. 3. 2. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. 46) Reference model objects (p. Modify the properties and then click Modify. the file does not exist. if it uses different measurement units).. Click File > Insert Reference Model. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1.. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. 3. For more information on user-defined attributes. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .inp file. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. 7. or you forget to click Apply. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p.. Check the work plane position. Open a Tekla Structures model. 5. 2. 4. Click File > Reference Model List. Click User-defined attributes. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model.

Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1. 2. switch. Select a reference model from the list. To update all reference models: 1. See also Click File > Reference Model List. Reference models (p. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. Reference models (p. See also Reference models (p.xml) 3D DWG (. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p..3dd) WebViewer (. To highlight a reference model: 1.ifc) Cadmatic (. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. Click File > Reference Model List. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. 2. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated..dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . 2. you can highlight them.. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (. See also Reference models (p. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures... Click Reload all.. Click File > Reference Model List. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. 2. but the changes are rarely documented.

Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Click Display. select Inserted to see the added objects. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .. 4. To view reference model layers: 1. Double-click the reference model. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. 3. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. button next to the Old file name field. Double-click the reference model. For example. 2. See also Reference models (p..To view changes in a reference model: 1. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

49

50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

51

When you create or modify a part.. • For steel parts. click the Select. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. 66) Concrete parts (p. Icon Description A standard profile. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. 53) Parametric profiles (p. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. 53) User-defined profiles (p. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. and user-defined profiles. A parametric profile. 52) Standard profiles (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. button next to the Profile field. parametric. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. Open the Select Profile dialog box.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p.. 51) Steel parts (p. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1.

enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. 4. environmentspecific profiles. • To select a recently used profile. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. See also Profiles (p. If you select a parametric profile. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. /. By default. For concrete parts. • 5. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. 6.• 3. See also Profiles (p. X. click the button next to the Shape field. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. select the Show all profiles check box. See also Profiles (p. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. the profile catalog contains standard. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. use the Profile name list box. and *. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. Select a profile from the list. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. • To see all the properties of profiles. See also Profiles (p. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. Click Modify. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . For example. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. so you should not edit them. Click Apply or OK. select the Show details check box.

. Select a material from the list. 6. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. 3. including the modulus of elasticity. Click Modify. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. partial safety factors. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . porosity. and so on. • 4. 2. The Select Material dialog box appears. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. See also Materials (p. Click Apply or OK. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. such as strengths. select the Show aliases check box.. • To see all the properties of materials. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. 5. Optional: Define what material information you want to see.Materials When you create or modify a part. select the Show details check box. For example. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. and thermal dilatation coefficient. they can be former names. For example. or country-specific properties. Click Select. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. or names used in different countries or standards. Poisson’s ratio. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. next to the Material field. To include aliases for material grades in the tree.

. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . or in projects. Attributes can consist of numbers. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. or lists. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. text. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups..Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. When drawings of the parts are created. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension.

Each end of a part can have a different connection code. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. Click Display.. go to the Advanced tab. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures.. Tension. See also Part properties (p..4 Connection code Can be used. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. See also Part properties (p. and Moment User field 1. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. In the Display dialog box.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. 2. 4. User-defined fields. To protect objects from being accidentally changed.. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. 3. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part... Select the Part label check box. user-defined attributes. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1.

2 Part position When you create a part. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 .5. the rest are magenta. 6. Select the part. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. 7. The Part label dialog box appears. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. Select the handles. The points form the part reference line. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. 56) 3. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. See also Part position (p. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. you position it by picking points. Click Modify. Part labels (p. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. 3. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. b Click Add. The handle of the first end point is yellow. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. Tekla Structures displays the handles. 58) Part positioning tips (p. for example. a Select a property in the Properties list. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. 2. just drag the part to a new position. If Drag and Drop is switched on. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. Move the part like any other object. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. See also Moving a part using handles (p. When you select a part. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p.

to open the Display dialog box. To change the rotation angle. use the round selection dial.. On the Advanced tab. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. Click and drag to select a position. See also Click View > View Properties. The object moves in the model accordingly. Click Display. See also Position on the work plane (p. 3. 3. 2. Hold down Shift to override this. For example. 4. modify the desired position settings. Click Modify and OK. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. Modify the settings. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. enter a value in the corresponding box. click and drag the green rotation angle knob.. • • • To change the overall position of the part. Click in the Mini Toolbar. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. Part position (p. On the Position tab. 2. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. select the Part reference line check box. Click Modify. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. or Depth offset.. To change the Angle. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees..Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. Plane offset.

61) Horizontal position (p. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. 59) Position depth (p. 60) Vertical position (p. To do this. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. 62) End offsets (p. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane.Rotation (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 64) Bending (p. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 63) Levels (p.

• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p. perpendicular to the work plane. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth.

relative to its reference point. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part.Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 .

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part. relative to its reference point.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

You can enter positive and negative values. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. relative to its reference line.

To position the upper columns correctly. you can enter the positions of the part ends. In this example. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. you must modify their bottom level position. not at the level you picked. relative to the picked point. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Use to define the position of the second end.

To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. You can also define the plane of curvature. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. the less angular the part appears. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments.Top level = 1000. for example a curved beam. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. you need to specify the number of segments. which is relative to the current work plane. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . Alternatively. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box.

2. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. See also Creating a steel column (p.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 3. 66) Creating a steel beam (p.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. Click the Create column icon. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) 3. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. Pick the position of the column. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 68) Creating a contour plate (p.

3. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. 4. Pick the end point. 2. Pick the points you want the beam to go through.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 218) Levels (p. 2. 3. Click the Create beam icon. To create a steel polybeam: 1. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. Click the Create polybeam icon. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . See also Steel beam properties (p. Pick the starting point. You can also create bent plates with this command. See also Steel column properties (p.

4. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. 2. 5. 218) Bending (p. Double-click the end point. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3. Pick the starting point again. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 4. Pick the starting point. 5. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the starting point (1). Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. Click the Create curved beam icon. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. To create a contour plate: 1. See also Steel beam properties (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Click the Create contour plate icon. 2. Pick a point on the arc (2). Optional: To create curved segments. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 5. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. 3. Pick the end point (3). See also Polybeam chamfers (p.4. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. 106) Steel beam properties (p.

Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. 69) Contour plate properties (p.. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 68) Contour plate properties (p. Pick the position of the beam. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . 219) Chamfers (p. 6.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. Click Modify. 7. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. See also Creating a contour plate (p. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. 3. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 3. 2.. 2. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. 5. Select the plate. from the list box.

2. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. 4. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. See also Twin profile properties (p. Pick the starting point. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. By default. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. To create a twin steel profile: 1. See also Creating an assembly (p. You can change the main part in an assembly. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. Pick the end point. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. 3.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. or by joining assemblies together. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. 221) 3.

Creating an assembly (p. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly.Exploding an assembly (p. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. 76) Assembly examples (p. Assemblies (p. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. Assemblies (p. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 3. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. 2. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 2. 3.

See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 5. Assemblies (p. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. Click Apply or OK. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. select As sub-assembly. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. When you connect assemblies. 4. select As sub-assembly. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. Click Apply or OK. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. 6. 7. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 2. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. In the Connect part/assembly list box. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. 6. In the Connect part/assembly list box. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. 2. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. 3. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Pick the bolt group origin. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 3. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 5. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. 4. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Using welds to create assemblies (p. You can create workshop welds and site welds.

Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. from single parts and bolts. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. 74) Joining assemblies (p. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. See also Assemblies (p. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. To work with nested assemblies. through the basic and sub-assemblies.

and still produce dimensions. for all assembly levels. Adding objects to assemblies (p.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. marks. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. etc. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. 4. fabrication information. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. Select the assembly to add to. 3. Select the assembly to add to. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. Select the part you want to add. 2. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. 4.

See also Changing the main assembly (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. See also Select the new main assembly. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. c Select the assembly. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. 4. 2. 3. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. Assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 2. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . 2. Tekla Structures changes the main part. Select the new main part. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. You can change the main assembly at any time. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. 3. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. Select the assemblies you want to join.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p.

Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. and then attached to the column in another workshop. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. 2. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts.main part Concrete . another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. See also Assemblies (p. To explode an assembly: 1. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. • To only explode the sub-assembly.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. always starting from the highest level. right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part .main part Steel part . The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly.

In a frame of built-up columns and beams.Drawing 2. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. See also Creating a pad footing (p. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . Workshop 2 Drawing 1. Assemblies (p. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves.

3.Creating a concrete slab (p. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. Click the Create pad footing icon. 2. Click the Create strip footing icon. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. 4. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Click the Create concrete column icon. Pick the position of the column. 2. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. 2. 3. Double-click the end point. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. chamfer the corners of the footing. See also Strip footing properties (p. Optional: To create curved segments. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. 3. 5. Pick the pad footing position. See also Pad footing properties (p.

Double-click the end point.See also Concrete column properties (p. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. Click the Create concrete beam icon. 3. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. 4. 3. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Pick the starting point. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . 4. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Optional: To create curved segments. Pick the end point. 2. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Concrete beam properties (p.

Select the slab. Click Modify. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To create a concrete slab: 1. Pick the corner points of the slab. 7. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 106) Concrete beam properties (p.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 5. Pick the starting point. 6. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. 3. Click the Create concrete slab icon. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. See also Creating a round slab (p. 4. 4. Pick the starting point again. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. 3. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 2. from the list box. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 2. 5.

See also Creating a concrete slab (p. Click the Create concrete panel icon. See also Creating a cast unit (p. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. 4. 80) Concrete slab properties (p.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. Double-click the end point. 3. chamfer the corners of the panel. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. By default. 104) 3. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. You can change the main part in a cast unit. 225) Chamfers (p. as well as concrete parts. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. each part is considered a separate cast unit. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. Cast units can include reinforcement. For example. 2. 5. Optional: To create curved segments. Pick the points you want the panel to go through.

Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. Cast units (p. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. This applies to anything that is not concrete. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. 3. Adding objects to cast units (p. 2. 83) Casting direction (p. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. such as steel parts and insulation. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 4. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. 3. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. Select the objects you want to add. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Select the new main part. 4. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. Select an object in the cast unit. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 2. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 2. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 3. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. 2. Adding objects to cast units (p. See also Cast units (p.

Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Cast units (p. 4. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. Go to the Cast unit tab. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. 3. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. Click Modify to save the changes. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Select the objects you want to remove.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. 2. 2.main part Steel part . 2. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. Cast units (p. Cast units (p. select Precast or Cast in place.main part Concrete . 2. In the Cast unit type list box.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p.

Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. To hide the top-in-form face again. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. 2. See also Casting direction (p. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. See also Select a concrete part. Casting direction (p.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. 2. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. Select a concrete part. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. 3. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. See also Cast units (p.

91) Surface treatment (p. 89) Welds (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 117) 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . 85) Holes (p. 104) Combining parts (p. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p.1 Bolts To create bolts. 116) Splitting parts (p.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p.

Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. 3. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. Modify the bolt group. and nuts) while creating holes. 6. washers. 85) Bolt properties (p. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. Bolts (p. 2. See also Apply a component. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Select the main part. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. 7. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. Pick a point. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. 2. 227) Bolt group shape (p. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. Explode the component. which is the bolt group origin. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. 3. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 5.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. 4. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 86) Bolt group position (p. Select the secondary parts. 87) Bolt offsets (p.

Diameter of the bolt group.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. y coordinate of each bolt. in the x direction of the bolt group. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . from the bolt group point of origin. x coordinate of each bolt. Number of bolts. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. from the bolt group point of origin. in the y direction of the bolt group.

Follow the instructions on the status bar. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. 2. Bolts (p. 5. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. type 0. 4. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. 227) Creating a bolt group (p.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. select Array from the Shape list box. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 85) Bolt properties (p. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. See also Creating a bolt group (p. The starting point values Dx. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. Under Bolt group. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. 3. Click Apply to save the changes. relative to the bolt group x axis.

Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. reselect the main and secondary parts. 5. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. If you do not want to create any bolts. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. 2. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. See also Bolts (p. Holes (p. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes.1. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. To create round holes: 1. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . 2. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. Click Apply to save the changes. Before creating holes. 85) 4. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 3. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. Optional: Modify the hole properties. 4. When prompted.

4. 3. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. 8. See also Click Apply to save the changes. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 5. If you do not want to create any bolts. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. To indicate which parts should be slotted. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. In the Hole type list box. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. Holes (p.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. select Slotted. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 2. For example. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. Follow the instructions on the status bar.

5. 2. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. or use a component that automatically creates welds. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. If you are creating a workshop weld. If you are creating a workshop weld. Click Apply to save the changes. select Oversized. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. 3. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. 6. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 2. 94) Weld preparation (p. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. In the Hole type list box. 7. 3. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. Holes (p. Select the part to be welded. 4. If you do not want to create any bolts. this is the main part of the assembly. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. without connecting any other parts. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. this is the secondary part of the assembly. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. Optional: Modify the weld properties. In the Oversize field. Select the part to weld to. Follow the instructions on the status bar. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. 86) 4. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes.1. 4. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. enter the allowance for the oversized hole.

The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. or z). 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 92) Weld size prefixes (p. See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. 229) Weld position (p. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. y. 91) Weld properties (p. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p.

Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. this is the secondary part of the assembly. this is the main part of the assembly. If you are creating a workshop weld. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. 2. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. pick the points you want the weld to go through. 4. If you are creating a workshop weld. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. 5. 3. Pick the starting and end point. Select the part to be welded. or alternatively. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Select the part to weld to.

pick the points you want the weld to go through. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. To prevent automatic weld preparation. or alternatively. 2. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. Select the part that you want to weld. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. Pick the starting and end point. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. without connecting any other parts: 1. See also Welds (p. 3. See also Welds (p. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. 4. 2. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. use the SPD profile. Select the part that you want to cut. or apply a component that does it automatically.See also Welds (p.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . Select the cutting part. you change the size of a part). Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas.g. for example. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part.3. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. surface mixes. 94) 4. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. and tiles. When you create overlapping surface treatments.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one.

99) Tiled surface treatment (p. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. 3. b On the Pattern tab. 6. Front. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. See also Surface treatment (p. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. and Behind. In the Surface treatment name list box. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. In the At depth list box.. to select a material from the catalog. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. 2. In the Type list box. 8. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p.. 5. See also Surface treatment (p. The options are Middle. select the type of surface treatment to use. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. 7. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. Click the Select. select the location of the surface treatment.. 9. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. select Tile surface from the Type list box.. select the specific surface treatment. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 4.

Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. 3. 4. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. 2. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 2. b Select the part face. 3. The faces that you can select appear in blue. The faces that you can select appear in blue.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. 2. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. 2. 4. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 3. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 4. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. Pick the direction. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. b Select the part face. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1.

Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. bottom. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Adding surface treatment to parts (p. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. left. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers.5. or right). If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer.

dat file using any text editor. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Open the product_finishes. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. To create new surface treatment options: 1. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 . The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users. The file is located in the .. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces.

See also Surface treatment (p. 1 for concrete finish. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. a Define the surface treatment type.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. 100) Example pattern definition (p. For example. Surface treatment (p. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. Open the TilePatternCatalog.. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. For example. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. The file is located in the . MF for Magnesium Float. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Magnesium Float.xml file using any text editor. 2. 4. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. See also Add rows to define new options. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. For example. Save the file. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format.

100) Example pattern definition (p. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. 4. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin.xml file. Tiled surface treatment (p. 3. Save the TilePatternCatalog. Other elements are optional.xml file. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. and then modify it to suit your needs.

Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment.xml file. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . starting from the origin of the surface treatment.

dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type. herringbone. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. Filenames identify the pattern types.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions.. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p. Located in the . Located in the . TilePatternCatalog. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. For example. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog.xml file. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 .xml file.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder.

Required. Optional. and manufacturing reasons.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. See also Chamfers (p. 104) Fittings (p. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. Optional. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. Tile pattern element. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. Required. 115) Combining parts (p. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. In Tekla Structures. The origin of an individual tile.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. 100) 4. practical. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. Required. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. and concrete panels). 113) Cambering parts (p. Required. defined from the origin of the pattern. At least one required. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 116) Splitting parts (p. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. steel and concrete polybeams. Optional. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. concrete slabs. 108) Cuts (p. Color of the tile or mortar. Optional. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). This element can contain the following elements listed in this table.

Chamfers (p. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. See also Select the part. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. 4. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 5. Double-click the handle of any part corner. Click Modify. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. You can modify the default chamfers. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. which does not change the geometry of the part. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. Modify the chamfer properties. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . 3. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. 2.

You can modify the default chamfers. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 105) Polybeam chamfers By default. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p.

Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. 5. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. 4. 2.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. See also Chamfering part corners (p. b Modify the chamfer properties. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. Select the part you want to chamfer. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. Optional: Modify the chamfer. 3.

Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. 2. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. Pick the first point of the cutting line. c Click OK. 104) Creating a fitting (p. details.6. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. and so on. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. 3. 232) Chamfers (p. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. which passes through the cutting line you pick. 4. which makes it easier to create connections. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. perpendicular to the view plane. Right-click the view and select Redraw View.

111) Cutting parts with another part (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. use the Cut Part commands instead. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. See also Fittings (p. You must create cuts in a plane view. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. In situations like this. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. see Fittings affect NC data. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. For more information on how to change this. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 .

Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. This can be useful. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . for example.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. You can cut parts that already have cuts. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away.

Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. 109) Polygon cuts (p. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. 3. For example. Pick the first point of the cutting line. Select the part you want to cut. See also Cuts (p. 3. Select the part you want to cut. 5. 109) Line cuts (p. Cuts (p. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 2. 4. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. To cut a part with a line: 1. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. 5. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. This makes it unclear what should be cut away.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. To close the polygon. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. 2. 4. Pick the side you want to remove.

Select the part you want to modify. 4. and strip footings. Select the cutting part. 6. 109) Part cuts (p. Pick an existing corner (1). 3). 2. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. Pick another existing corner (4). 3. concrete panels. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 3. Pick the corner to remove (5). Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. 4. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. To cut a part with another part: 1. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. Delete the cutting part.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. 5. Alternatively. concrete slabs. 2. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. The part cut does not affect other parts. contour plates. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. See also Cuts (p.

to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. Move the chamfers. See also Warping concrete parts (p. use the dz1 field. relative to the part reference line. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. For example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. Fine-tuning part shape (p. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. Click OK to close the dialog box. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. In the End field. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. 4. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Click Modify to warp the slab. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. Modify the chamfer properties. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. 5. use the dz2 field. In the Start field. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. • 3. relative to the part reference line. Go to the Deforming tab. 6. 2. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. Click Modify to warp the beam. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. 2. 3. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p.

and go to the Deforming tab. 5. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. which warps the slabs. For example. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component.Linear dialog box. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. 8. In the Move . 4.4. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Click Move. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. 7. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. To see the warping angle of a single slab. Click OK to close the dialog box. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. 6. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. Select the chamfer you want to move. For example. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. type a value in the appropriate direction field. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. 2.

104) Cambering a part (p. When drawings are created. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. 4. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. including the template output. and embeds in the model. Cambering parts (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. 3. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. skews. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. 2.See also Warping concrete parts (p. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. Click Modify. Cambering affects the position of cuts. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. In the Cambering field. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. Go to the Deforming tab. in other words. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. define the degree of camber.

104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. 3. See also Combining two parts into one (p. 4. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Go to the Deforming tab.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. Go to the Deforming tab. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 2. 3. enter a negative value. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. define the degree of shortening. For example. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. 2. 4.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. In the Shortening field. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. In the Shortening field. Click Modify. 115) 4. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. Click Modify. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. When you select the parts you want to combine. Shortening and lengthening parts (p.

3. 3. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. curved beams without offsets. 2. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Select the first part. Combining parts (p. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. Select the part to attach to. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. Select the second part.1. 116) 4. See also Combining parts (p. You cannot split polybeams. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. You can use splitting with straight parts. Click Edit > Combine. When you combine parts. 2. Select the part you want to attach. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures.

See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. Click Edit > Split. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. See also Splitting parts (p. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. 3. If you split contour plates that have bolts. Pick a point for the dividing line. Select the part you want to split. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. check the result after splitting. 3. 4. 2. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. welds or surface treatments. Splitting parts (p. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. See also Click Edit > Split. Select the part you want to split. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. and on the same side of the part. 2.

keyboard shortcuts.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. 135) Checking the model (p. 121) Moving the model (p. 128) Visualizing project status (p.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. 119) Inquiring the model (p. you can move and rotate the model. 142) 5. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. and backward to zoom out. You can use a mouse. 122) Flying through the model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . or a combination of both. 119) Rotating the model (p. or pull out for a wider view. See also Zooming the model (p. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. Scroll forward to zoom in. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p.

• See also To zoom out. For more information on each command. Create a zoom window. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. see the corresponding menu tooltip. b In the View type list box. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. c Click Modify. See also Viewing the model (p. Zooming the model (p. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. press Page Up. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. If this option is off. 2. 2. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. select Wire frame. press Page Down. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p.If you do not have a wheel mouse. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. Place the mouse pointer over the model. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. Open a wire frame view of the model.

To change the level of magnification. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. To rotate the model. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. As you move the pointer in the general view. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. zoom in and out in the zoom window. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. In wire frame views. 4. keyboard shortcuts. and then drag the pointer to size the window.e 3. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. See also Zooming the model (p. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . menu commands. Click the Magnifier icon.

Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. To relocate the center of rotation. Click Modify. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 2. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. See also Rotation settings (p.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. For more information on each command. 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. and then pick a position in the view. press v. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. 213) Viewing the model (p. 3. Press Ctrl + R. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. 2. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. Pick a position in the view. 2. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Define a specific rotation angle 1.

hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. To activate the middle button pan. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. To stop panning. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. 2. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. > Model View. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. b In the Projection list box. Set view projection to Perspective. down. • To change the flying direction. or Shift+M. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. select Perspective. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. Select a view. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . 5. 3. 2. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. 3.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. press Esc. scroll with the mouse wheel. 2. Move the model using the Pan command 1. c Click OK. To fly through a model: 1. you can travel through a model. c Click Modify. 4. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. You can also adjust the field of view setting. • • To move up or down. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. To change the camera angle. Use the up.. left and right arrows on the keyboard. drag the mouse in the desired direction. Click View > Fly. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance.

2. 4.. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. You can use screenshots in posters. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. Select a plane. To move a clip plane. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 6. brochures.. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. See also To delete a clip plane. press Esc. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box.• 6. To stop flying. Viewing the model (p. 5. view. press Esc. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. or the entire Tekla Structures window. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 2. Click View > Create Clip Plane. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. To finish creating clip planes. To create a clip plane: 1. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model.

Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. To print a screenshot: 1. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. Under Capture. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. select View. 3. To capture the active view. See also Creating a screenshot (p. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. click Pick view and select a view. 5. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. Creating a screenshot (p.bmp format.. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window.png) files. Click Capture.. 125) Screenshot settings (p. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. 4.. 7.. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. select Dialog.bmp) format to use it. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. as a custom component thumbnail. Click Options. Creating a screenshot (p. 4. 2. Select Place on clipboard.. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. Set the desired properties and click OK.3. select Rendered view. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. 2.. 6. Click Capture. To capture the active view without borders. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. for example. select View without Borders. select Main Frame. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in .

See also Inquiring the model (p.. the tool shows the total area. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. By default. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window.. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. See also Inquiring object properties (p. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. 126) Object property report templates (p. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. Select an object.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. Select a part. To inquire object properties: 1. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. 2. For more information on how to use templates. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. See also Inquiring object properties (p. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. within the model. weight. See also Inquiring the model (p.5. 2. and length of the selected model object.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. see the Template Editor user documentation.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit..2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. or a group of objects.

use the Up and Down buttons. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66].Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.config file in the . • See also To change the formula of an attribute. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. Use the InquiryTool. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. To modify the default attributes. and /) to form equations..config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. • To add more attributes to the tool window. edit the InquiryTool. 2. • To modify the calculated attributes. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. MAX. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . 2. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file.. The file is located in the . click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder. click Add…. Click Manage contents. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users.. Change the position number of the new attribute. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. AVERAGE. • To create new calculated attributes. the file contains 65 attributes.. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window. • 4.config file: 1.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder.config file in any standard text editor. *.lst file located in the . 3.. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. or MIN) from the list box. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global... • To remove attributes from the tool window. For example.. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. -. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. click Edit. Open the InquiryTool... 3. By default. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. • To change the order of the attributes. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes.

Save the file. For example. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. 2.. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. 216) Representation options In rendered views. Showing and hiding objects (p. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. 3.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. 6. Modify the NAME. 132) Object groups (p. DISPLAY_NAME. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. When you redraw a view. 128) Representation options (p. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p.4.. to open the Display dialog box. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. UNIT. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. 128) Display settings (p.lst file. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. 5. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. DATATYPE. Click Display. 132) Object representation settings (p. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 126) 5. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p.

Parts are transparent.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. i. i. component objects are displayed as Rendered. and their surfaces are shaded. surfaces are not. In this example.e. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. component objects are displayed as Rendered. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . Example In this example. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. parts are transparent.e. underlying parts are not visible.

128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. Select the parts you want to hide.e. for example. for example.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. Click View > Hide Part. Other parts are almost completely transparent. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 3. when viewing clash check results in a large model. This can be useful. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All.. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts.. The parts are shown as sticks. 2. i. Showing and hiding objects (p.. To hide selected parts: 1. This option is useful. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p.5 and Shift+1. See also Showing and hiding objects (p.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them.. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. • • See also To make the parts visible again. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. parts are not transparent. To completely hide the parts.

2. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. To show the unselected parts as sticks. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. Showing and hiding objects (p. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . To make the parts visible again. cuts. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. 4. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. The unselected parts become almost transparent. 3. Showing and hiding objects (p. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. and other details belonging to the assembly. See also Select the part. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Redraw View. 2. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. To display a part with exact lines: 1. fittings. Click View > Redraw All. 2. Select the assembly you want to hide. click View > Redraw All. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. bolts. To clear the exact lines effect. welds. To completely hide the unselected parts. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. Tekla Structures displays all parts. 3.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. Hide an assembly 1.

Representation dialog box. d Add more rows. 3. 133) Deleting an object group (p. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. b Select options from the Category. 2. 2. to open the Object Representation dialog box.. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. 128) Refreshing views (p. Modify the object group settings. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. 128) Refreshing views (p. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 133) Visualizing project status (p.See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. Right-click and select Redraw View. Click Object group. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Tekla Structures displays all bolts. and Condition list boxes. Click View > Redraw All. to open the Object Group . welds. 128) Creating an object group (p. Select the component you want to hide. type a value or select one from the model. Property. c In the Value list box. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. a Click Add row. 4. and other details belonging to the component.. Click View > Representation > Object Representation.. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. See also Showing and hiding objects (p..

Select where you want to copy the object group. and they have the file name extension *. and to create customized presentations of defined objects.5. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . 132) Selecting values from the model (p. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. 2. 3. 2. Object groups (p. copy the file to the system folder. For example. Object groups have the file name extension *. • To make an object group available in another model. Select the object group you want to copy. Click Save as to save the object group. Object groups (p. • To make an object group available in all models. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures.PObjGrp. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Object groups (p. 6. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view.PObjGrp.

. Click Add row. 8. 5. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. 4. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. 7. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. 3. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 6. 2.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. To create object representation settings: 1. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. 9. If an object belongs to several object groups.

rep. copy them to the system folder. Apply. and they have the file name extension *. Select where you want to copy the settings.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. 3.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. • To make the settings available in all models. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. Object representation settings (p. 133) 5. 2. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. 213) Transparency settings (p. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. For example. Restart Tekla Structures. or OK. See also Object representation settings (p. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. To create project status visualizations. 133) Color settings (p. See also Object representation settings (p. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. See also Creating a visualization (p. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. • To make the settings available in another model. 2.rep. Restart Tekla Structures.

Modify the visualization settings. 3. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .. 2. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. Visualizing project status (p. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. copy them to the system folder. 5. 6. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. See also Visualizing project status (p. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. Restart Tekla Structures. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. a In the Object representation list box. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. select one of the predefined object representation settings. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. click the step buttons.4d. 4. See also Visualizing project status (p.. Select where you want to copy the settings.4d. c Define the length of the time step. • To make the settings available in all models. Restart Tekla Structures. • To make the settings available in another model.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. 2. and they have the file name extension *. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. To view the visualization in the model. 2. 4. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. 3.rep) and object group files (*.

Visualizing project status (p. 4. 7. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date.. After that. 3.. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model.In the following example. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. Click User-defined attributes. 3. To create the object group: 1. select Object. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. select INSTALL_PLAN. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. See also Click Modify. to open the Object Representation dialog box. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. Finally. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. The Select Date dialog box appears.. e Select Review date and click OK. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. 6. 8. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. a In the Category list box. See also Visualizing project status (p.. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. to open the Object Group .. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. 2. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p.Representation dialog box. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. d In the Value list box. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . To make it easier to select parts. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. On the Status tab. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p.. c In the Condition list box. b In the Property list box. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. select Select date. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example.. Click Object group. Click View > Representation > Object representation. To define an erection schedule: 1. 5. select Earlier than or equal..

a Click Add row. scheduled_erection_date. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Click Save as.. In the box next to the Save as button. For example. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . select the object group All. 5. See also Object representation settings (p. 4. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. plan_same_or_before_review_date.. b In the Object group list box. Click Save as to save the visualization settings.. 2. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. select the object group you just created. enter a name for the group. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. 4. See also Object groups (p. In the Object representation list box. enter a name for the object representation settings. c In the Color list box. b In the Object group list box. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. 3. d In the Transparency list box. select Visible. you will create project status visualization settings. a Click Add row. select Hidden. In the box next to the Save as button. 5. 2. enter a name for the visualization. Click Save as. 5. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. d In the Transparency list box. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 132) Visualizing project status (p. select Color by class. 7. 133) Visualizing project status (p. In the box next to the Save as button. To create visualization settings: 1. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 3. To create object representation settings: 1. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 6. 137).. c In the Color list box. Define the length of the time step. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. 138). For example.4. select Color by class.

Click Load. To view the visualization in the model. 138). Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 .. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. In the list box next to the Load button.. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 3. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. 2. 4. click the step buttons.See also Visualizing project status (p. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

it is useful to check the model for errors. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. 149) Finding distant objects (p. See also Measuring objects (p.5 Checking the model When the model is complete. 143) Detecting clashes (p. 135) 5.

4. To measure bolt spacing: 1. 2. Pick the center point. Select a part. 4. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. Pick the starting point. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. All measurements are temporary. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. 2. Measuring objects (p. Pick the starting point. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. the distance between two points and between bolts. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. 2. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. 5. 3. See also Measuring distances (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Measuring objects (p. 3. Pick the end point. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. Pick the end point. 3. Select a bolt group. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. 143) Measuring angles (p. For more information on each command. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal.

you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. or reference model objects that collide. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. If you are checking a reference model for clashes.See also Measuring objects (p. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . bolts. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results.

Click Tools > Clash Check. To locate the colliding objects. 2. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. you can choose whether to continue checking. Select the objects you want to check. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . 3. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. select a row in the clash check log. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. If colliding objects are found. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. You can continue working during the clash check. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. or stop checking. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration.

Only certain object properties affect this flag.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. 1. To see which properties have an effect. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. select a row in the list of clashes. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. double-click a row. 3. 2. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. In the model. if the profile has changed). Click to check the objects. When you re-run clash check. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. right-click one of the column headings. Clash Check Manager (p. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. The clash is not new. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. When the clash check is complete. A check mark it is visible. 2. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. resolved. 5. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. If the object has been modified (for example. See also To highlight a clash in the model. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. or missing. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. You can continue working during the clash check. modified. 4. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view.

See also Clash Check Manager (p. Click . Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. select a session. select the clashes whose status you want to change. 2. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. In Clash Check Manager. Click OK. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. 3. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. In Clash Check Manager. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. 2.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. 2. 3. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . . 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. In the Open dialog box. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. 3.

2. If you clear the check boxes.. icon. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. the clearance will be zero.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. 5.To Save the active session Do this Click . clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . By default. 4. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. See also Clash Check Manager (p. In the Options dialog box.. 5. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. If the fields are empty. Click Tools > Options > Options. enter a new name. Save as. Click Apply or OK. 3. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. Modify the bolt clearance values. Click In the Save As dialog box. 2. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1.. go to the Clash check page. In the File name box. 3. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Click Save. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1.00.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. For example. P1002. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. such as plates. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. P1003. 154) Family numbers (p. . it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly.. Planning your numbering series (p. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p.. Example For example.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. When you run numbering. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. To save time. If you do this.

. b Select a numbering series from the list. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. define a part prefix and a start number. 2. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. 4. go to the Cast unit tab. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. Under Numbering series. Go to the Family numbering tab. Under Compare.. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. However. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. Click Modify. and then click Add. for example. 4. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. they get unique qualifier numbers. 3. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . See also Defining numbering series (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 3. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. Defining numbering series (p. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. When you use family numbering. This can be used. 2.1.

160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model.. If you do not select any check boxes. 2.Select at least one check box. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. only one family number per series is assigned. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. 3. c Click Apply or OK. Family numbers (p. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. Click Apply.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. b Modify the settings. 4. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering.. Update numbering in the model. but not all of them.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 5. Click Assign. 7. See also Defining numbering series (p. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. 155) Clearing numbers (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . clear the existing numbers. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. 161) 6. In the Assign Family Number dialog box.. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. For more information on each command. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. If you select all the check boxes. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 6. see the corresponding menu tooltip. If a series overlaps another. See also Family numbers (p. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all.

The prefix varies based on the part type. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. for example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. 159) Clearing numbers (p. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. 158) Changing numbers (p. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. the x coordinate. In this case you should renumber the parts. 158) Control numbers (p. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. If you add new parts. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. The default start number is 1. However. See also Numbering objects (p. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. However.See also Numbering settings (p. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p.

if First direction is -X. See also Select the parts. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). 2. their y coordinates are also compared. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Example In the following example. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. Numbering objects (p. the sort order is X Y Z. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. Second direction is Y. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. When you assign control numbers. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. With negative directions (such as -X). If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. and Third direction is Z. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. their z coordinates are also compared. See also Numbering objects (p. For example. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system.

5. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. select the parts. 2. 158) Control number settings (p. 3. In the Renumber list box. to open the Create control numbers dialog box.. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. 8. 8. define the interval. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. select the parts in the model. 11. 4. multi-position. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. Define the control numbers to be used. In the Numbering list box. 2. To only consider specific parts. Indicate which parts to consider. For example. Click Apply. number the model. 6. • 3. do not select any parts in the model. See also Control numbers (p.. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. to assign the control numbers 2. or family numbers after you run numbering. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. 4. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. 5. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. a In the Start number of control numbers field.. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. b In the Step value field. In the Status list box. and then click Create. assembly.See also Numbering objects (p. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . See also Control numbers (p. 7. do not select any parts. and then click Create. Click Apply. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. • To consider all parts in the model. etc. This command does not change the numbering series. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. specify which parts get control numbers. type the first control number to be used. or specific parts. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command.

156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. Next time you run numbering. This is for information only and the number is still changed. Click Assign. See also Numbering objects (p.1. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. If the number you specified is already in use. 2. For more information on each command. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. see the corresponding menu tooltip.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. See also Numbering objects (p. 2. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. For more information on each command. Select an object. Set the desired properties. This functionality only applies to steel parts. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. 3. 4. To create a standard-part model: 1. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. To clear the position numbers: 1. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2.

9. 3. 5. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.. 2. If you have selected the Part name check box. 10. > Numbering. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 7.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . Number the model. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. 156) 6.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model.. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. 12.For example. See also Numbering objects (p. Explode all components... it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. 156) 6.. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model.. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. StandardParts. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. see Numbering history log. See also Numbering objects (p. Save the standard-part model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. For information on how to interpret the log file.. 4. 13. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. Delete all unnecessary items.. and so on). 8. Open another model. STD1. 11. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. especially before producing drawings or reports.. STD2.

Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 156) Changing numbers (p. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. 6. 2. 4. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. See also Numbering objects (p.2. 3. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. Unless you want to repair the entire model. Number the model. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. Number the model. Modify one of the beams. To number identical beams: 1. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. 4. Number the model. All the beams have the part position number P1.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. 159) 6. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 5. 5. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3.

156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. but the holes are different. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. The parts have the same main profile. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. and each pair has the same length. All beams have the same profile.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. but each pair has a different length. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p.

divide the model into phases. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. and then click Apply. and another one for steel columns. 3. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. 8. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. 10. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. 6. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. To number parts in selected phases: 1. 5. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 2. 9. Select the Column orientation check box. Create steel columns. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. and then click Apply. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 4. Before you start. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Select one of the steel columns in the model. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1.. 7.. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. After the anchor rod numbering is complete.

• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. 5. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. and then click Apply. Select one of the parts you want to number. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. For example. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . Modify the numbering settings. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. 4. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p.. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. 3. 6. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. Select the parts you want to number. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. 7..

• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. 164) General numbering settings (p.

You can classify information according to your needs. for example. 171) Sequences (p. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . 176) Sketched cross sections (p. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. lots. 174) Parametric modeling (p. 167) Phases (p. and erection sequences. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. 172) Lotting (p. based on purchasing contracts. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. 181) 7. and categorize object types.

169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. See also Creating logical areas (p. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p.

c Click New Section. You can also create subtypes for object types. select the area for the section or the story. 3.. In large projects. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. a Right-click Logical Areas. Click Tools > Model Organizer. 4. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1.. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. 3. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. Create object type categories. See also Organizing the model (p. 4. d Click New Story. right-click the selected section or story. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). Select a section or story in Model Organizer. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. In Model Organizer. 2. and select Add Selected to Category. 5.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1.. 2. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . Click Tools > Model Organizer. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. b Click New Object Type.. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 .. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. In the model. Create a path structure. To make it easier to view and select parts.. a Right-click Object Types. b Click New Building. In the model. See also In Model Organizer. Organizing the model (p.

See also Organizing the model (p. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. 3. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Drag the objects to another category. To show all objects again. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 2. 1. Right-click and select Remove from Category. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. Select the new area in the model. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 1. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 2. Drag the category to another location. 2. 2. See also Organizing the model (p. Select the objects in the model.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. 2. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. To show all objects again. 3. 1. 1. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide.

etc. Click Add to create new phases. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. 3. You can create reports and views. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. 3. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. 2. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. You then copy this basic model to all users. 167) 7. Click OK to save your changes. select an object and click Phases by objects. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. 171) Custom phase properties (p. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. Each user then works on a separate part of the building.. a To identify the phase of an object. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. c Phases (p. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. See also Dividing the model into phases (p.). hide objects.. When a part of the model is completed. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box.. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . select a phase from the list.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. First create a basic model that includes. 5. Divide the model into phases. For example. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. 2. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. Right-click and select Delete. the columns. 3. This is phase 1. Click Tools > Phase Manager. and copy objects from other models. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. for example.. select the objects. according to their phase number. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. 4. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. and then click Modify phase. See also To change the phase of one or more objects.. From now on. Organizing the model (p. Click OK to confirm..

inp file. add a new user-defined attribute. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. "0. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. See also Phases (p. To finish adding parts to the sequence. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. 6. 4. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. Type a name for the sequence. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. The value_type must be integer. c Save the file.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. You can define several sequences for different purposes. "%d". Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. Creating a sequence (p.inp file. MY_INFO_1. For example. b In the Part attributes section. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. and so on. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. use the syntax PHASE. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. 3. For example.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Use exactly the same name as in the objects. no.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. 171) 7. "0.0". 5. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. d Restart Tekla Structures. If you click Yes. none. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. "My Info 1". The first part gets the sequence number 1. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. To create a new sequence: 1. and the field_format must be %d. To use phase properties in reports and templates. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. integer. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. Click Apply.inp file.inp file in any standard text editor. a Open the objects. the second part number 2.0") 2.

4. For example.. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. 2. See also Sequences (p. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. See also Sequences (p. Click Tools > Sequencer. For example: See also Sequences (p. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. 5. Select a part. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. Modify the sequence number. Click Modify.. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. 4. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. Click OK or Apply. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1.See also Sequences (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. To check the sequence of a part: 1. 2. Click User-defined attributes. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. Select a sequence name from the list. 2. you must redefine the whole sequence. To finish adding parts to the sequence. 3.. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part.. 3. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. MY_INFO_1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. If the sequence changes..

the weight is based on the size. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Click Add. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). See also Select a sequence name from the list. 6. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. Sequences (p. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p.. 175) Sequences (p. 5. However.2. See also Creating a lot (p.. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part.. In that case. To view the properties of a part. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. 175) Deleting a lot (p. When you define lots. 2. For most model parts.. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. 3. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. Click Properties. Click Delete and then click Yes. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. For example. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. Type a lot number in the Number field. and material of the part. 4. 3. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. See also Lotting (p. With this information. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 172) 7. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. For example. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. length. to display the Lot Properties dialog box.

Click Properties. 2. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Lotting (p. 2. 3. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. 3. To add parts to a lot: 1. 4. Lotting (p. 2. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. 3. If you simply select parts. 4. Select an existing lot from the list. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . Click Delete. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.. 4. When you re-open the dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. When you hold down Shift. Select an existing lot from the list. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. 5. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Click Apply selected. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Click Apply selected. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. Select an existing lot from the list. Click OK to close the dialog box. See also Lotting (p. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. 5.. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added.

which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . or relationships. such as a beam or column. location and relationship to other parts. For example. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. so that when you move the wall. such as the name of a column.7. Create dependencies.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. Variables can define fixed properties. They can also include formulas. the column follows. including its geometry. between model objects.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

53) 7. 2. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. and the Variables dialog box. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model.See also Parametric modeling (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.. 176) Parametric profiles (p. Open a Tekla Structures model.. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. and how to use them in a model. the Sketch Browser. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p..6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections.

See also Sketch Browser (p. constraints. circles. arcs. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. dimensions. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. and vice versa. tree-like structure. 182) Variables (p. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 1=Line . The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. Variables can define fixed properties. or 2) and thickness of the sketch. Lines. or they can include formulas. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. 1.. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. arcs.

See also Sketching a polyline (p. 2. and circles. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. Ensure that you create a closed shape. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. 185) Sketching a circle (p. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. arcs. 184) Sketching an arc (p. such as a cold rolled section. Open the cross section sketch editor. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 4. To sketch a polyline: 1. Pick points to create each line segment.

Pick three points to define the arc. 4.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). Open the cross section sketch editor. To sketch an arc: 1. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. 2. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Open the cross section sketch editor. To sketch a circle: 1. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points.

186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. Before you start. Select another line in the sketch (2). 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. To add a parallel constraint: 1. create 90 degree angles. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. you can still rotate the profile in the model. you can straighten lines. To straighten the entire profile. close the shape. Select a line in the sketch (1). For example. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . force lines to meet. 3. Although the shape is locked. and add chamfers in corners.

To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. Select another line in the sketch (2). 3.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Before you start. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. The lines do not have to intersect. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. by extending or shortening one or both lines. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. The lines do not have to intersect. Select a line in the sketch (1).

Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. To add a fixed constraint: 1. Pick the end of the first line (1). To add a horizontal constraint: 1. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it.1. Before you start. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 4. Before you start. Pick the end of the second line. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. See also Select a line in the sketch. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 3. 2. 2).

4. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. Before you start. To add a vertical constraint: 1. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Select the constraint you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2). Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . Click Refresh.

the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To add a radial dimension: 1. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. if you create the dimension marked in red. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. In the following example. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. Before you start. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. Select the arc or circle.

Select the second line (2). Before you start. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). 3.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add an angle dimension: 1. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. 3. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. Before you start. between two points you pick. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. Select the first line (1). TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

194

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

196

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. 2. Select the connection positioning planes. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Select the part positioning planes. 4. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. 3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . Click Modify. Click to show the part positioning planes. Change the Value field. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 3. To revert to the default positioning planes. 2.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Click to show the connection positioning planes. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 4. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default.

Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. Type a name in the Prefix field. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb.bin file. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. for example. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. Update an existing cross section 1. You cannot include numbers. Type a new name in the Prefix field.db1 file. 2. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. and then click OK. Click Save sketch . which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Click Save sketch . and then click OK. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib.4. To save a sketched cross section. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. or blank spaces in the cross section name. 2. 5. 2. special characters. Click Save sketch as . The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog.

5. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor.. 7. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Close the object properties dialog box. Click Modify. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. you can create rounded cross section corners. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. 4. Modify the object properties. Click OK to close the dialog box. such as a cold rolled section. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . 4. For example. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor.. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 6. Double-click an object to modify its properties. 2. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. See also next to their name. 3. To modify a chamfer: 1. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. 2. 5. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow.

right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. outwards. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. or symmetrically in both directions. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. 2. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. sketch an open polyline. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 4. P1) after =. 1. or 2) after =. When you change the thickness. Type the value of the thickness after =. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. P1). right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. define the default value for the parameter variable. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. In the Formula column. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. 3. b Type the extrusion type number (0. In the cross section sketch editor. In the Sketch Browser. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. the profile grows inwards. depending on the extrusion type.

Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. click the Select. 2. Click OK to apply the changes.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. • For steel parts. Pick points to place the part in the model.. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. you are ready to use it in the model. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. 5. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . 6. click the button next to the Shape field. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. See also For concrete parts. 4. If you have applied constraints correctly.. button next to the Profile field. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. 7. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. • 3. Open the Select Profile dialog box. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog.

2. Open the cross section sketch editor. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. for example Microsoft Paint.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. mysketch.. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. 4. 5.uel). 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p.. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. Use the cross section name as the filename. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. Save the image in bmp format in the . They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. for example.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. 3. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view.bmp. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

uel files from a folder when creating a new model. 6. 7. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . To use profiles from a model. Select the cross sections you want to export. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 5. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model.bin file. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. Click OK. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location.. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. To import sketched cross sections: 1. 5. To automatically import all *. 4. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. 3. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to.. right-click and select Import. 4. 7. 6. 2. browse for the folder. 8. By default. from the pop-up menu.. In the Export Components dialog box. Click OK. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. In the Import Components dialog box.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. select Sketched profiles from the list box. Right-click and select Export. Select Sketched profiles from the list. or copy the profdb. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. Select the file to import. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model.. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. 2.uel). 3. In the component list. from the pop-up menu. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. you need to import both the cross section and profile. To export several cross sections. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from.

the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. At this stage. When you use the profile in the model. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. 2. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. Finally. After that. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. you will use the cross section in a model. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Open the cross section sketch editor. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p.

See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 181) Sketching a polyline (p. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 4. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p.3.

192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. h1. 198) Variables (p. In the Variables dialog box. Save the cross section. and 3. command to create the distances h1. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .2. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. 5. h2. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. and h2. enter the following values for the distances: 4.

Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. 183) Sketch Browser (p. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. enter Chamfer. b In the Formula box.1. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. In the Sketch Browser. do the following: . 3. enter Thickness. In the Variables dialog box. b Right-click ExtrusionType. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. select Show. 3.00. 2. enter 10. c In the Visiblity box. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. See also Save the cross section. c In the Visiblity box. a Right-click Thickness. and then enter =P1. enter 20. d In the Label in dialog box box. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. b In the Formula box. In the Variables dialog box.00. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. d In the Label in dialog box box. Variables (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . 2. select Show. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p.

4. and then enter =P2. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. b Right-click Chamfer X.. See also Save the cross section. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 6. Pick points to place the part in the model. 5. • For steel parts. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab.4. Click OK to apply the changes. 199) Variables (p.. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. 2. and select the CSHAPE profile. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. • 3. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. click the button next to the Shape field. 5. button next to the Profile field. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. In the Sketch Browser. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. 183) Sketch Browser (p. For concrete parts. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. click the Select. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 .

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

211) View settings (p. See also Grid properties (p. 227) Numbering settings (p. 213) Color settings (p. 233) 8. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 213) Transparency settings (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 215) Part properties (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 212) Rotation settings (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 211) Grid line properties (p. 212) Point properties (p. 217) Detail properties (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p.

Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x.. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. You can filter objects by their phase numbers.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . Option Phase The phase number. and z directions. See also X . Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. z is absolute).Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. Select to bind objects to grid lines. y. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning... y.. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. Select to bind objects to the grid line. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. Grids (p.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. and z directions (x and y are relative. Grid lines (p.

The rotation angle between the original and new position. Coordinates See also Points (p. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. You can filter objects by their ID numbers. The local (work plane) and global x. y. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. See also Object representation settings (p. Defines the number of copies created.Option Id The ID number. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. and z coordinates of a point. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. All parts are colored according to their Class property. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. Indicates the correct location of the point. which is used in log files. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . Option As is The current color is used.Rotate and Move . Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis.

Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box.. Object representation settings (p. The height of the screenshot. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Sets the line width. the settings will be read from that object group. Includes only the view content in the screenshot.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. Object is not shown in the views. Object is transparent in rendered views. Saves the screenshot to a file. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. Option As is The current visibility. The Options. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. There are limitations to pixel density.

.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. 124) 8. Rotation is view-specific. When you zoom. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model).. Display. See also Views (p. as do text and points. 215) Grid view properties (p.See also Creating a screenshot (p.. Which object group is displayed in the view. or fly through it. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. The appearance of the model in the view. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model.. Visible object group Object group. In addition. The projection type of rendered views. You can zoom. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. Opens the Object Group .2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings.. the zoom remains on part surfaces. text and point size remains the same. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. See also View properties (p. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings.. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. rotate the model. 215) Display settings (p.

but skips cuts. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. See also Creating grid views (p.g.. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. or large parts of it. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. Some of these settings may affect system performance. Each view plane has its own view properties. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. button displays the current view properties. The Show. Exact displays the cuts. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. Reference line shows parts as sticks. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties. no prefix is used. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. This name overrides the name in the view properties. If the View name prefix field is left empty. None does not create any views. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. when viewing the entire model. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. and nuts as solids. This option increases display speed significantly. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. PLAN +3000. Exact shows bolts. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. e. washers..

When using this option. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. 221) Pad footing properties (p. 128) 8. See also Steel column properties (p. 218) Steel beam properties (p. This option is only available in wire frame views. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. Point size Defines the size of points in views. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. 223) Concrete column properties (p. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. In view does not increase the point size. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. Exact shows holes as solids.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. 220) Twin profile properties (p. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. 222) Strip footing properties (p. 218) Contour plate properties (p. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 .

The material of the column. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. or curved beam. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. and shortening of the column. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. The horizontal position of the column. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.g. The position of the column.prt. How the column is rotated around its axis.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. relative to its reference point. The user-definable name of the column. The type of finish. Class Used to group columns. The analysis properties of the column. cambering. Finish is user-definable. Creating a steel column (p. and to identify parts of the same type. relative to its reference point. Warping. with anti-corrosive paint. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. hot galvanized. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column.clm. fire retardant coating. etc. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The support conditions of the column ends. steel polybeam. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. The assembly mark series of the column. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. e. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. For example. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The design information of the column.

you can display parts of different classes in different colors. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. and shortening of the beam. e. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. fire retardant coating. The position of a beam. hot galvanized.g.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. cambering. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. The analysis properties of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam.cpl. The design information of the beam. Warping. The position of a beam on the work plane. Creating a steel beam (p. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. The finish type. and to identify parts of the same type. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The assembly mark series of the beam. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The support conditions of the beam ends. The user-definable name of a beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. etc. For example. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. Finish is user-definable. The loading properties of the beam. The material of a beam. Class Used to group beams.

The spanning properties of the plate. e. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. For example. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. The position of the contour plate. perpendicular to the work plane. The analysis properties of the contour plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. in terms of depth. etc.crs. The format is PL+ thickness. The finish type. The material of the contour plate. Finish is user-definable. The user-definable name of the beam. The material of the beam. The user-definable name of the contour plate. The loading properties of the plate. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The design information of the contour plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. with anti-corrosive paint. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. hot galvanized. Profile The profile of the contour plate. for example PL20. and to identify parts of the same type. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. fire retardant coating. and to identify parts of the same type. Creating a contour plate (p. The assembly mark series of the beam. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. Profile Material The profile of the beam.g.

Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The analysis properties of the beam. Finish is user-definable. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. etc. The type of finish. with anti-corrosive paint. hot galvanized. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. The support conditions of the beam ends. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions.dia. The user-definable name of the twin profile. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *.g. relative to its reference point. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. etc. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . The design information of the beam. hot galvanized. fire retardant coating. e. Finish is user-definable. It describes how the part surface has been treated.g. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. and to identify parts of the same type.Option Finish The finish type. with anti-corrosive paint. fire retardant coating. The horizontal position of the beam. Class Used to group beams. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. e. relative to its reference point. The position of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The material of the beams. For example. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane.

etc. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. Creating a twin profile (p. The beam position. Finish is user-definable. Defines how the profiles are combined. The vertical position of the pad footing. relative to its reference point. The type of finish. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. For example. with anti-corrosive paint. hot galvanized. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. in terms of depth. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. The material of the pad footing. The design information of the twin profile. and to identify parts of the same type. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. fire retardant coating. The analysis properties of the twin profile. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. For example. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. Class Used to group pad footings. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. It describes how the part surface has been treated.Option Class Used to group twin profiles.cpf. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. relative to the beam’s reference line. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. The offsets of the ends of the beam. e. perpendicular to the work plane. The vertical clearance between the profiles.g. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

The position of the strip footing on the work plane.g. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. and to identify parts of the same type. e. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . The analysis properties of the strip footing. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. with anti-corrosive paint. The material of the strip footing. Finish is user-definable. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. hot galvanized. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. Creating a pad footing (p. For example. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line.csf. fire retardant coating. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. relative to its reference point. etc. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The type of finish. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. Class Used to group strip footings. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.

The design information of the footing. e.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. cambering and shortening of the column. fire retardant coating. Define the cast unit series of the column. with anti-corrosive paint. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. hot galvanized. For example. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Warping. Creating a concrete column (p. Finish is user-definable. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. The type of finish. etc. Creating a strip footing (p. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The support conditions of the column ends. and to identify parts of the same type. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. Class Used to group columns. How much the column is rotated around its axis.ccl.g. The analysis properties of the column. The material of the column. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The design information of the column.

cambering and shortening of the beam. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The design information of the beam. fire retardant coating. hot galvanized. The material of the beam. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. Warping. The offsets of the ends of the beam. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. The beam position on the work plane. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . with anti-corrosive paint. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. relative to its reference line. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The type of finish. Creating a concrete beam (p. Finish is user-definable.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. e. and to identify parts of the same type.g. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. The analysis properties of the beam. For example. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam.cbm. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The support conditions of the beam ends. etc. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. Define the cast unit series of the beam.csl. Class Used to group beams. The loading properties of the beam.

Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Define the cast unit series of the slab. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. hot galvanized. hot galvanized. The loading properties of the slab. The spanning properties of the slab. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. in terms of depth. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). It describes how the part surface has been treated. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. etc. with anti-corrosive paint. Finish is user-definable. and to identify parts of the same type. e. Creating a concrete slab (p. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. with anti-corrosive paint. and to identify parts of the same type. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. The type of finish. Class Used to group panels. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. The position of the slab. The material of the panel. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .g. The material of the slab. perpendicular to the work plane. e. fire retardant coating. The type of finish. Class Used to group slabs. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. etc.cpn. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The design information of the slab. For example.g. The analysis properties of the slab. Finish is user-definable. For example. fire retardant coating.

Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . Define the cast unit series of the panel. relative to its reference line. 229) Weld types (p. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. The design information of the panel.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. See also Bolt properties (p. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Creating a concrete panel (p. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. The offsets of the ends of the panel. The position of the panel. The analysis properties of the panel. The spanning properties of the panel. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. 81) 8. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. The loading properties of the panel. Bolt assembly standard/grade. 227) Weld properties (p. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter.

Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. If the bolt connects several parts. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. In the illustration below. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. Zero for a round hole. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. or coordinate. -150). you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. y allowance of a slotted hole. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. depending on the bolt group shape. group diameter. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies.e. x allowance of a slotted hole. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . This allows the bolt to move in different directions. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. number. depending on the bolt group shape. Bolt spacing. or co-ordinate. in both directions from the bolt group plane. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. enter a negative value for cut length (e.g. For example. Zero for a round hole. Extra length Additional bolt length. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. Tolerance = Hole diameter . Bolt spacing. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin.

Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. 231). but does not display it drawings. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. Bolts (p. 93). bevels. The size of the weld. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. Type Angle See Weld types (p. not in drawings. relative to the current work plane. Tekla Structures creates the weld.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. For example. At depth Dx. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. The angle of weld preparation. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. or groove. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. Dy.

Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. for example. The space between the welded parts. See Weld position (p. information about the weld specification or process. for example. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. 92). The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. 72). 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. To change the separator to @. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. defining the start and end points of the weld. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. for example 50–100. For example. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. To create a non-continuous weld. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening.

91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Defines the process type. Defines the electrode strength. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. Welds (p. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 .

Use these fields. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. for example. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. The dimensions of the chamfer. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. to give plates varying thicknesses. The name of the chamfer.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. See also Chamfering part corners (p.

Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. See also Chamfering part edges (p. 107) 8. 234) Control number settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . The shape and position of the first end point.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. and the shape is straight. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. and the shape is angled. All information on previous numbers is lost. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. The shape and position of the second end point. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. See also General numbering settings (p. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). and the shape is straight.

The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. See Assembly position numbers (p. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. Numbering objects (p. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. The part name affects numbering. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. and save sequence. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. and number of holes affects numbering. numbering. size. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. The orientation of columns affects numbering. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. The orientation of beams affects numbering. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. 157). If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model.

Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Needed only with the By numbering series option. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. See also Numbering objects (p. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. No keeps the existing control numbers. Defines the interval between two control numbers. If some welds have been removed. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . Control numbers (p. Defines which objects are affected by the change.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. 237) Part positioning tips (p. 241) 9. 2. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 239) Right-hand rule (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. See also Defining default part properties (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. Contents • • General modeling tips (p.

3. 4. To stop copying or moving objects. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . enter BEAM. Click Load to load the properties. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. and object groups. For example. create an empty view or selection filter. c Enter the values you want to use. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. In the box next to the Save as button. The dialog box remains open on the screen. Depending on the project. Before you start.3. selection filters. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. 2. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. try modeling an entire floor. b Select an object. This can useful when creating view filters. Click Save as to save the set of properties. 7. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. enter a name for the set of properties. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. then copying them throughout the model. 6. For a project that has several identical floors. For example. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. when creating grids and levels in a new model. Save time by modeling these areas once. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. To use a default set of part properties. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. for example. then copying it to several levels. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. Start the Move or Copy command. from simple frames to entire floors. 5. or an object group.

Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes.. or define the number of days before or after the review date. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. 132) Creating a visualization (p. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. to open the Select date dialog box. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Click Add row. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. • See also Use the Page Up. Views (p. 2. You can either select a date from the calendar. 2. 4. 2. With Xmouse active. and then select an object. To activate a view. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. Open the Background color in model editor document. Download and install the application. In the Value list box. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. click Select date.To select values from the model: 1. and the middle finger the z axis. Page Down and arrow keys. 3. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. you can use the Xmouse option. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on.. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. To select a date. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. and then select one of the options. index finger. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. 3. a b To select an object property.. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. select one of the options. select the review date. click Select from model. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. the index finger the y axis. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. When you hold the thumb. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1..

especially in components. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. Cuts (p. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model.. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position.. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. For example. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. use polygon cuts. 3. • • • • If a cut fails. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. Clear the Cuts check box. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. 4. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . Try to position the cut at least 0. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. See also Cuts (p.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. to open the Display dialog box. Click Display. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. Note that after creating the polygon. the cut is more likely to succeed.3 mm). 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. If the component fails.3 mm outside of the part planes. To locate the failure in the model. 2. Click Modify.

242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. move the part handles.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. See also Modifying part length (p. To lengthen a part. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. 2.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. Click a row that contains an ID number. It can cause problems with connections and details. Hold down F. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. 2. Click a row that contains an ID number. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . move the part handles. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. Hold down Z. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. This can cause shop errors. or use the Fit Part End command.

To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. always pick points in the same direction. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. y directions). pick positions from left to right. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . For example.See also Part position (p. Creating a single grid line (p. 40) Points (p. such as beams. 57) Fittings (p. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. Use construction planes. and from bottom to top (in positive x. Create points. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. lines and circles.

............................... 15 views .....73........................................87 bolt group shape............81 adding non-concrete objects ....... 76 highlighting ................................................82 creating........ 71.............................................................................83 cast units ...... 191 angles..............................................................199 b background color changing.....................................................................................................................................67 warping..........148 creating......................................73................83 casting direction .72 clash checking.............................. 131 sub-assemblies .................................69 steel beams ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................174 numbering .65 bolts ..............................................................................................................105 corner chamfer types...........82 cast unit type ...............................84 changing the main part.................................................................. 70 adding objects .........................82 exploding ..........................................................................157 removing objects ............ 30 angle dimensions .......................................................... 117 c cambering parts............................................104 corner chamfer dimensions ....... 75 comparing .......................................................................84 chamfering.........................................................................................107 in sketches ...............113 bending..................................................................................... 185 assemblies ...................................................................................................Index # 3D models......................................................... 88 modifying ................................................................................................................ 72 attaching parts....................................................115 cast in place.......................................................................................................68 orthogonal beams........................................................................ 75 showing and hiding ............................................................. 71 examples.............105 edge chamfers.... 157 removing objects .................................................................................................. 149 creating ..................83 top-in-form face ...................................................86 bolt offsets .......... 39 4D tool........................................................................ 71 using bolts to create assemblies ......88 bolt spacing ........................................................................... 225 concrete polybeams ................................................................................................................ 23 examples....... 67.................. 85. 174 nested assemblies ............... 71 using welds to create assemblies ............................................................................. 75 lotting............................................................................................ 75 changing the main part.......................................................................................................................................................................... 74 changing the main assembly........................................................................................................................................................ 74 numbering ............................................79 curved beams............................................................ 218 steel polybeams ......................................................................... 143 arcs....................115 concrete beams....143 bolting sub-assemblies..............................................................................................................88 a absolute coordinates .. 86. see visualizing project status .................................... 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 ..................................................83 highlighting ....83 lotting.............................. 79............................. 76 exploding..............82 adding objects .. 135 beams cambering.. 75 joining.................105 corner chamfers ............................................................................................. 227 bolt group position ....................................................

..........188 parallel .......................197 checking the model...41 construction lines ...........................................................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................167 clip planes........189 construction objects .........................................................149 components showing and hiding... 218 combining parts ..................... 117 comparing parts or assemblies................................ 31 columns concrete columns .............104.....40 construction circles .......................................187 colliding objects .................................. 158....................................................................................... 222 panels ..........................................................................68..........148 changing priority .............................................146 class............................................................................................................................................................. 116........................................................................ 78..........147 list of clashes ................................147 changing status .................................................................................. 78......................................................................................................................................186 perpendicular ..135 project status visualizations ...............................................................79 slabs .......186 coincident................................. 51......... 232 types and dimensions ............84 columns .............................................................................................................................239 grid color................ 105................................................................................................................. 81...............................................................189 fixed ....... 224 pad footings .... 79.....................................187 deleting ....................133 object representation settings.................. 145........ 145..............................................................................................................................238 object groups ................................................. 66...................................................... 225 cast units....... 159 settings .....checking sketched cross sections .. 144............................... 28...................................................................81 casting direction........................................................................................... 219 control numbers ...................................................................... 146.................................... 224 steel columns.............................40 contour plates .....................................235 coordinates coordinate system.................................... 55 classifying information .................................................................................41 construction planes..............142 circles..... 225 strip footings ..28 copying hints and tips.................................. 69.......................113 constraints...................146 managing results .............................................................................................................................124 coincident contraints .............................................................146 sessions............................................. 78.................................................................. 226 polybeams ........... 223 warping ........................................213 finding RGB values.23 background color examples........................ 80................................................................................................................188 horizontal ...132 concrete parts ................................................................... 149 bolts .............................144 colors .....................................................147 symbols ....... 146 clash checking .....77 beams ................................................................................55 background color ........185 Clash Check Manager ........................................................................................... 78.............23 color settings ...........187 vertical ............136 corner chamfers ..............................

............................ 79 concrete columns ...................................... 81 concrete polybeams ...................... 66 steel polybeams ..171 object types ..............creating assemblies . 69 curved beams..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................171 e edge chamfers................................................192 in sketching .109 hints and tips .........................................137 numbering ......... 93..................................... 70 views ..........48 dimensions angle..............................................................................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ...........................................138 creating project status visualization settings .................23 creating object groups .............171 detail properties .......................................................... 124 sections ......70....................................... 71 tile patterns............. 137. 16 nested assemblies ............................................ 41 construction lines ................................................................................................................................................................................ 30 holes...... 40 contour plates...................................................................................................................................... 100 twin profiles ................216 distances measuring....................................................................................................................... 134 object type categories ............................119 examples assemblies ................193 horizontal................................................................................................101 visualizing erection schedules................................................191 deleting from a sketch .................................. 67 storys.................................................. 168 lots............................. 174 models......................................................162............ 107............ 165 tile pattern definition .................................... 71 bolts.......... 110...........................227 DGN supported objects .................. 88 sketched cross sections ................................................................................ 164.......171 exact lines...................................... 82 clip planes ..................131 examining the model .......68......... 109.........................127 modifying contents ......... 38 grids ...... 69 pad footings. 80 standard-part models .... 104................................................................................................... 108 grid lines..........................................................................126 adding attributes..... 74 object groups.. 86 cast units ................................89......................................................... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor..............191 between two points............................................................................................... 163.................................................... 91.............................. 124 concrete beams........................................................... 168 strip footings.. 111 d deleting logical areas ........................ 78 concrete panels....................240 line cuts .............................................. 132 object representation settings ....................................................................................... 136 screenshots........204 defining erection schedules............................................................................................. 79 concrete slabs ......................................... 112 polygon cuts ..... 160 steel beams................................................. 181 sketching cross sections ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 41 construction planes ........................................................................................................ 78 project status visualizations ....................................................................................................................................... 35 welds ...................................................................................... 67 steel columns ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 172 single bolts ................................................63 erection schedules.... 169 orthogonal beams ............. 111 part cuts....................................................................139 visualizing project status ......127 cuts ................................................................................. 168 sequences........................................................................................................... 68 Custom Inquiry ................ 80 construction circles........................76 background colors . 139 erection sequences ......................................................... 181 curved parts....... 32 grid views ............................ 68 fittings... 78 sub-assemblies ....................190 radial........................... 90 logical areas .....................................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section...........................................................................190 vertical ...........................................................137 creating object representation settings............................................................... 109...143 dividing models...... 184 slabs.................65..................................................................................................................192 display settings .......................................... 232 end offsets ..........

.26 highlighting assemblies..42 sketched cross sections..................................................................................................................................192 horizontal position ................................................................... 109................................................................45 selected parts ...31 grid color....................... see tips ..130 top-in-form face................................................................132 cut lines.................................................................................31 part labels ................................................................................ 29.....................................................188 horizontal dimensions ................................................................................................................ 90 horizontal constraints ....................................................................................31 origin.................................................................................56 positioning planes ..........................................................................................................................64 line cuts............................ 31 line extensions..75 cast units....................................................188 flying through model .......................................................153 importing points ........................................................................................... 223 g global coordinate system .................................................................32 creating..............240 grid labels ............................................238 parts......................................................................................................83 reference models .............203 inquiring models .............................131 work area ........................126 object properties ....................116 levels.........28 h handles ................................................203 extrusion types................... 111 lines exact ...................237 holes .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................57 moving ..........................................................exploding assemblies.....................................................108 fixed constraints......................................................131 components ...........78.....................................152 reinforcements ...................................163 modifying ........................155 example ..................................................................................................................149 fittings .....................................57 of positioning planes..................................................................145 finding distant objects .............................28 grid lines ..............................................................................................45 hints and tips......................................33 modifying ................................212 grid views creating.................131 local coordinate system .........200 f family numbers ................................................................................................................................................................... 28.........................................................................................................................................................76 cast units ....38 properties..............................................................62 i identical areas...32 deleting ...............126 j joining assemblies........................84 unselected parts ................................. 31 labels ...........27 hiding assemblies.....................................................................................195 reference lines .......................................................................................................29 properties......................................................................................................................211 work plane grid ..........29 modifying ..........33 properties........ 222......30 deleting ...........................................................................58 reference models ............................................................................................................................................................................................75 l lengthening parts .................................83 exporting sketched cross sections ....... 89..........156 finding clashes ...................................................................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................................................215 grids coordinates ..............................123 footings ...............................30 creating.......

...... 143 bolt spacing ............................................................... 235 standard-part model .............................................................. 15 checking for errors ........................159 numbering series................................................................. 123 inquiring................................. 237 identical areas ...133 example.......... 241 logical areas ....................233 m Magnifier....................... 16 dividing into phases............... 175 removing ......................... 119 flying through model.................................. 238 parametric modeling................ 151.................................................... 170 lotting............................................................................................................................................160 user-defined attributes...................log files viewing ......................... 165 family numbers ....................................................................................................................161 identical parts ......................................167 viewing ..... 156 settings ........................132 color settings .............................................................................................................................. 169 object types .........................................................172 series......................162................................................................................................... 163......................................................................................161 clearing.......138 object types ............................................................................................................................... 21 Model Organizer........................................................ 234.... 167 modeling hints and tips ................................................ 58 Model Editor screen layout..........................................................................................214 object property report templates.................................................................................................................................................... 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position ......137 transparency settings ...........133 creating.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................135 example......213 copying to another model .... 114 models about 3D models ..................... 169 o object groups .............................................................................. 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)........................................................................................... 153.............................152 numbering settings .132 deleting..............................135 creating................... 143 distances ...................... 174 adding parts .. 168 viewing ....................................................57 n nested assemblies..................195 using handles ...................................................................... 159 examples .......................... 175 moving hints and tips ..................................................................................................................................................................153 what affects ....................................... 151 organizing......................................................... 174 deleting.............................................................................................................................154 preliminary numbers........................... 119 modifying logical areas ......................................122 positioning planes...................... 167 rotating ..................................... 155........158 reinforcements........................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 ...................... 142 creating .................................................. 143 angles............157 sequences ......................................................................... 17 viewing .............. 156............. 154........................................................................................................................126 object representation settings............................................................... 163 history....................................................................................................................................................................... 54 measuring objects ................................................160 control numbers................. 74 numbering............................................................................... 73... 120 materials.................................................167........................................................ 121 saving................................................................................................................................................................ 164.....................157 checking and repairing ...................238 models in a view...................... 158......... 119 zooming......................... 176 rendered or plan view?..................................................................................................... 156 about numbering .......................133 copying ... 233...............157 cast units .........152 identical reinforcements ...... 175 creating .....134 deleting................................................................................................................................................................................153 modifying ........................ 122 numbering .....151 assemblies ................................................................................ 171 examining... 126 moving..................................................

........171 in numbering ..................... 109............................................................................. 67.......220 overlapping numbering series ..........17 organizing the model ....................................................................................70 bending ........................................................56 lengthening .......................81 panning ............................................................54 changing the profile ..................................................................174 material ......................... 111 polygon shapes....................................................................................... 79 polygon cuts........................126 measuring....................................................................................................................................... 112 default properties ....................................................116 lotting .............................................................54 modifying part length ....................................... 57....................212 properties...............................131 showing with exact lines ......65 cambering ......152 labels ................................................................................212 importing ..................................................................................................................................................186 parametric modeling ...................113 perpendicular constraints.................187 phases ..............................242 positioning .............................. 172........................................... 78....................242 identical parts......77 cutting with another part .......... 144.............................................112 polygon welds ....................................131 splitting..........................128 finding distant objects .................117 steel parts ........... 222 panels ..93 polylines ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................149 inquiring properties .........115 lengthening in drawings .................................122 parallel constraints.....................................................115 shortening in drawings.....143 numbering.....................................................................................................................................................................217 parts adding to assembly.........................................52 properties.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................42 phase and ID ............................................66 user-defined attributes ......................................56 part properties.........149 concrete parts ............................................................................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...........................................................53 part add............................................................................................167 orthogonal beams .............212 polybeams............................................................................................................................................................................90 p pad footings .....................................116 showing only selected parts..............................................................63 opening models .........................................................................................241 numbering....................237 hiding ....... see attaching parts ......................................115 changing the material ............................................... 145 defining visibility.............................239 oversized holes.........................156 views.......................................................52 combining ...............................42 coordinates ................................ 156 part types .........176 profiles ................................................................................................... 154................51 sequences ............39 points .............................................................................................116 comparing .................. 173 shortening ....................................................................................128 offsets ..........117 part labels ...................74 assemblies............................................................... 58 profiles ...........................................................................56 showing and hiding......................................................................176 parametric profiles .......................................objects clash checking .......52 position .........................................................................................242 showing and hiding.......................................................................................................55 warping ..........................156 placing objects in model ................130 horizontal parts .................. 110...................................................................................................................................................164 plane views ..........................................

................................................................................................................ 53 twin profiles ............................... 94 printing screenshots........................................................................................................................................ 65 redrawing views..................................................................... 158 preparing parts for welding..........................................................................................................30 rendered views ....................................... 138 properties default ..................................................................80 s saving models........................161 report templates for inquiring object properties .............................................45 inserting............................ 147 profiles............17 sketched cross sections ............44 selecting ...............................................................................................................................................44 modifying properties ......121 parts ..............144 hiding................................................................................................... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes........ 64 on the work plane................................ 52 parametric ...........................................................................................241 representation options ......................... 59 rotation ...................................................................................................... 195 reverting to default ......................................................................................................................................57.....................................................................................128 restoring default work plane ...................................................................... 58 reference model objects ..............................................................................48 updating...................................................................................................59 rotation settings ................................................................................................................................................................. 53 project status visualizations.............................28 reverting to default positioning planes................................................................................. 59 vertical.........................................126 reports viewing ......................................................45 viewing changes.....................................48 supported DGN objects .......69 slabs ..198 screen layout in Model Editor ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ........................................................................................................................................position bending ...................45 highlighting ...45 viewing layers....... 61 positioning planes.....................................................................................197 to old clash checking functionality .....................................................................................128 repairing numbering errors ...........................36 representation options..............................................................................................................................53................... 62 levels ............................................................ 53 weld size prefix...................... 48 reference models..................................................................................................................................... 63 horizontal..........136......................39 reinforcements identical ................................... 136 deleting............ 176 prefixes.................................................................57 refreshing views............................................................. 47 selecting ........................................................................................................................... 193 handles.......43 clash checking........................... 65 depth ................................ 190 radius.153 numbering ..................................................................45 splitting into reference objects.......................................................................... 135 copying.......... 70 user-defined ....... 53 separators ...........................58 round holes....................................................... 53 sketched profiles ..... 201 standard ........239 rotating models..................................................................................................... 136 creating ......... 136 example............................... 237 r radial dimensions ................................................... 60 end offsets...........213 rotation angle knob .................................157 relative coordinates ........................... 125 priority in clash checking...46 reference points......239 right-hand rule ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 39 reference lines.................. 93 preliminary numbers..........149 RGB values .........89 plates........................................ 196 moving.......................

...........32 single-part welds .................................................................................................116 showing assemblies.........................147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................................................................211 grid line properties ............................................57 snapshots..................220 pad footing properties.................58 top-in-form face..... 118 plates and slabs................................................................................................................................................183 slabs..........221 view properties .................173 creating..........227 concrete beam properties...........................................................................................................................131 positioning planes ................125 settings ...............................184 positioning planes ..................................................................................... 202....217 point properties................................................................................................... 117....................................................................................................................................223 twin profile properties ......56 parts with exact lines ................238 selection dial .....................38 work area .................................... 203 modifying ................................................................................................................................................214 steel beam properties ...............................................................132 cut lines.......................186 adding dimensions........225 contour plate properties.....................193..........................................................................................................................................................................197 circles..........240 parts labels ....................................................................................201 variables ..........173 modifying ......................................................................................................................190 arcs ..................................................................................................................................................216 edge chamfer properties....................................118 standard profiles ........................... 114 slotted holes................125 saving in bitmap format ................................................233.....200 importing ........201 refining the shape .........................................................................................88 single grid lines .......................115 shortening parts in drawings .........................................................213 screenshot settings.......222 part properties ..............................241 shortening and lengthening parts ..............186 saving .................................80 warping .........................................................................................................173 settings bolt properties...............160 status in clash checking ......................215 numbering settings ....................................................................224 concrete panel properties ......26 single bolts ...........................................................198 polylines.....................168 selecting dates from model.........................................................................................................................................................226 concrete slab properties .......... 203 extrusion types..........................185 creating ....................................................................................................... 113..........................................................................201 example ........................................................ 202.......................................................................................................215 view settings ...................................90 snapping to middle points.......................................131 components ..screenshots creating...................................................................................182 sketch editor....................................................215 weld properties .........................184 creating images ................................................................. 196 profiles ........................238 reference model objects ....48 reference models...............................................................199 checking.......................................................................................212 grid properties...............................................94 Sketch Browser.....................181 sketched cross sections...................................232 general modeling settings.................................225 concrete column properties ......................................................................................................................84 views.....................................................................................................195 reference lines ..............................................................173 inquiring .............................................................198 sketch thickness ...............199 using in models..........................................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .....204 exporting ...............................211 grid view properties .................. 194...............................125 printing..............................218 steel column properties ...........................................172 adding parts...............................124 splitting parts........................58 sequences .......................................................124 in Windows Vista ...............................................................................................................212 rotation settings .............................. see screenshots ............................................................................227 display settings ...................219 corner chamfer properties ...........................................................185 chamfers . 234................................... 235 orthogonal beam properties...............................................................................................214 sections....172 deleting .................................................................................45 values from model ........53 standard-part models ............................................................................181 adding constraints................................218 strip footing properties ................232 detail properties ................229 shifting the work plane ...........................

.........39 switching between views ............................................steel parts..... 71 bolting to existing assembly ......... 103 pattern elements ............ 241 placing objects ........................................ 100 switching between views ............................... 242 cutting efficiently.............78...............................................................................161 object types ......................................... 221 u user interface in Model Editor .........................................................................................................................189 vertical dimensions ...........215 refreshing ........................... 240 defining default part properties......................................................................................84 transparency settings ..................................................................................................................36 moving............................................................................ 238 modifying part length..................................53 v values selecting from model ......................................................... 197 tiled surface treatment................................ 97 on parts with openings and recesses.............................................................67.....................39 temporary ...........................38 modifying ...................... 219 curved beams.......................................... 70...................................................... 72 welding to existing assembly..................... 239 modeling identical areas ................................................ 238 creating horizontal parts....................................................................... 97 on chamfered parts .......................................................................................35 deleting.............................................. 39 top-in-form face ........... 97 on part face ......................................................................183 vertical constraints....................................................................... 239 copying and moving efficiently ....... 96 creating new surface treatments ...214 twin profiles............. 69................................. 72 surface treatment ..................................128 visualizing project status......................................................................................176 in sketching ..........66..................21 user-defined attributes................. 99 modifying......................................... 104 tips activating overlapping views ................................170 sequence numbers............................136 t testing sketched cross sections ........................................... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ..............96.....................55 in numbering...................................................................238 variables in parametric modeling ..............................39 creating...........69............................. 98 on selected areas............................................................................................................................................................................153 user-defined profiles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................33 arranging ................... 98 on cut faces...............................................................................................37 view settings ................ 242 right-hand rule ...............35 opening......................128 view planes.......................................................61 view depth ................................................. 70 beams ...................................170 models....................................................................... 100 pattern definition example ................................................................. 218 columns...192 vertical position...............................215 viewing logical areas .............................................................................173 views...................................... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 .............................................. 96 on all faces of part........................................................ 66 assemblies . 101 pattern definitions............................................................................................. 119............... 124 numbering history................................................................................... 223 sub-assemblies ..................................... 168 strip footings ......................39 closing ..............................................................................38 naming.................................................................................................................... 67 twin profiles ........ 68 orthogonal beams ...........................38 overlapping...................................................... 97 tiled surface treatment............................................. 237 finding RGB values for colors.................................................... 100 creating new tile patterns ..................................................35 view planes..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................36 visibility of objects........................................... 68.................239 properties .... 218 contour plates................................................ 239 selecting values from model..........70................. 221 storys............ 95 adding ...................................................................... 220 polybeams..........................36 view types....... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ...............................

.................................................................................................................................................................72 wire frame views ...........28 shifting ........... 113..36 work area .....231 welding sub-assemblies ........................................................94 weld position..... 128 defining ..................120 zooming in or out ................................. 25...93 single-part welds.........................................................120 zoom settings.................................................27 workspace in Model Editor......................................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......................................................................................21 z zooming using Magnifier ......91...................113 concrete parts.......... 94 numbering..... 229 between parts ........................................................................................................w warping beams..................................120 zoom window ............................................113 concrete slabs ................................................................................26 hiding ........................91 creating.....................................120 with keyboard shortcuts ................................94 weld size prefixes ......................................... 114 welds.............................92 weld preparation ................................................................................... 91..................................................................................................................................27 restoring................93 weld types................................................................. 93.........................................234 polygon welds........................................................................................26 work plane........................................................................................................................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful