Modeling 160 Enu | License | Trademark

Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

4

Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

5

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Horizontal position ............................................................................ Assembly hierarchy .................. Bending ................................................................................................. Part labels ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 57 Steel parts... User-defined attributes ............................................... Creating a round contour plate .......... 3............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding objects to assemblies...................................................................................................................................................................... 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position .......................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a steel polybeam..................................... Creating a contour plate ........... Creating an orthogonal beam.................................................. Levels .............................. Position on the work plane ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Creating a steel column..................................................................................................................................................................................... Materials.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Showing part labels in a view ................................................................................... Creating a steel beam .................. Creating a twin profile....................... 3............. Adding parts to an assembly ........................................ 66 Assemblies............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a nested assembly ..2 Moving a part using handles ........................... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ............ Parametric profiles .............. Modifying the position of a part .................................................. Changing the material of a part ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... Position depth ......................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly .............................................................................. User-defined profiles ................................................................................................................................................................... Rotation ............................................ Colors .. Using bolts to create assemblies .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3........................ 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Creating an assembly............................................................................................................................................................................................ Vertical position ......................................................................................................................... Standard profiles ...................................................................................................................................................... Using welds to create assemblies ......................................................................................................................... End offsets .................................................................... Creating a curved beam ....................................................................................................................... Showing part reference lines in model views .................................................................... Creating a sub-assembly ...........................................................................................Changing the profile of a part .....................................................................

................................................................................ 85 4................................... Changing the main assembly .............................................................. Creating a concrete beam.................................................................................................... 4................................................................ Assembly examples ......... Changing the assembly main part ............ Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ............................................................. Changing or adding bolted parts .. Highlighting objects in a cast unit................................................................................................................................... Exploding an assembly ............................................................................................................. Creating a concrete column ................................................................................................................................................................. 77 Cast units....................................................................... Creating a single bolt ............................................................................................................................................................................................. Bolt offsets ......................................................................................................................................................... Adding objects to cast units ............................................................................ Creating a concrete slab .......................... 85 Creating a bolt group......................... 89 Creating round holes............................... Defining the casting direction of a part ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Showing the top-in-form face ............................................................................................................... Bolt group shape ..................................................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes....................................1 Bolts..................................................................................... Creating a concrete panel ........................................ Creating a concrete polybeam ....................................... Changing the cast unit main part ....................... 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ....................................................................................................... Defining the cast unit type........ Creating a round slab ...................................................Joining assemblies ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Removing objects from an assembly ........................................................................................................ Highlighting objects in an assembly ................................. 81 4 Detailing Structures ....................................................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ...................................................................................................... Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ..... 3............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Casting direction ......................................................... 3......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a strip footing ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit ... Exploding a cast unit ................................................................................................................................................................................... Removing objects from a cast unit ...............................................................................5 Creating a pad footing.................................................................................... Bolt group position .................................... 89 Creating slotted holes .............................

........................ 100 Example pattern definition .................................................................... 91 Creating a weld between parts................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces .. 4................................................................... Polygon cuts ............................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts .................................................................................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options............................... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ................................................................................................................... 100 Creating new tile patterns .................................................................................................................3 Welds ............................................................................................................................................ 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ..................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area .......................................................... Weld preparation ................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon .......................................................................................................................... Manually preparing a part for welding ......... Weld position ................................................................................................................................................................. Modifying the shape of a polygon...... Creating a weld to a part ............................................................. Weld size prefixes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 104 Chamfers................................................................................................ Cutting parts with a line .... 104 4........................................................................................................................................... Creating a polygon weld................ Warping a beam using deformation angles .............................................................................. Chamfering part corners .....................................................................................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment................................................................................... Cuts ....................................................................... Part cuts ......................................................................................... 95 Modifying surface treatment properties .................................................. Polybeam chamfers .....................................................................................................................................................................Creating oversized holes......................................................................... Line cuts ........................................................................................................... Chamfering part edges ..................................... Warping concrete parts ..................................................................................................................................... Creating a fitting ................................................................................................................................................................................ Corner chamfer types and dimensions ............................................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ....... 103 Tile pattern elements ........................ 99 Tiled surface treatment................................................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 101 Tile pattern definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Fittings............................................................................................... 90 4.............................................................................................................................................................................. Cutting parts with another part ........................................... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..........................................................................

........................ 119 Zooming the model .................................................. Hiding selected parts........................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ........................................................................................................................................................................... Rotating the model ................................................. 4......................................................... Hiding unselected parts............................................................................................ Using the Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................. 117 4................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Flying through the model..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Zooming with Magnifier .....1 Viewing the model ...... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part .............................................................................................................................................................7 Splitting parts ..................................................................... Shortening a part in drawings ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Shortening and lengthening parts ....................................... Creating a clip plane ...................................................... 119 5............................................................................................................. 118 Splitting a plate or slab...........................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ..................................................................................................................... Lengthening a part in drawings . Creating a screenshot................................. 5............................................. 116 Combining two parts into one................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Printing a screenshot ............ Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ................ Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ........................ Cambering a part ... 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model .......... 118 5 Examining the Model........................................................................................................................... Representation options .......... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ......................................................................... Object property report templates ......................................................... Showing parts with exact lines ............................................ Cambering parts................................................................................................... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab .................................... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool .................... Showing and hiding assemblies....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Attaching a part to another part.......................................................... 5.............................................................................................................2 Inquiring object properties.............. Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ..............................................................................................................................................3 Defining which objects are displayed ........................................................... Moving the model......................... 126 Showing and hiding objects .......................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the zoom settings ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................3 Defining numbering series ............................................................................................... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts .......... Comparing parts or assemblies....................................................................................................................................................................... Object groups ........... Example: Creating object groups ............................................ 135 Checking the model ................................................................................ 151 6............................................................................................................................................. Copying an object group to another model ............................................................................. 142 6 Numbering the Model....................................................................................................................................................................... Finding distant objects...... Measuring distances ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting an object group ............................................................................................................... 151 What affects numbering ...............................................................................................................................5 Measuring objects ................................................................................................................ Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ................................................................................... Example: Creating object representation settings ................................................... 152 Identical parts ......................................................... Measuring bolt spacing .................................................................................... Deleting visualization settings ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ............................................................ 5................... Finding clashes in a model .................................... 153 6........ Measuring angles ............................ Creating object representation settings .....1 6........ 5............ 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ............... 153 Planning your numbering series............................................................................................................................................................................. 152 Identical reinforcements ............. Copying object representation settings to another model ...................................................................................................................................................................................Showing and hiding components ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project .............................................................................................................. Creating an object group ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Deleting object representation settings .................................. Object representation settings................................................4 Creating a visualization .......................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ............. Example: Defining an erection schedule ............................................................................................................................ 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status................2 What is numbering ....................................... Detecting clashes ........................................................................................................................................... Example: Creating visualization settings ................................................................. 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................. Clash Check Manager ...................................................................................................................................................... Copying visualization settings to another model .................................................................

....................... Numbering reinforcements............. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases......................................................................... 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling......................................................................................................1 Organizing the model......................................................... 171 Dividing the model into phases ........................................................ 161 Repairing numbering errors ...................................4 Lotting ....................................................... Example: Numbering settings during a project .............................................................................................................................Family numbers...................................................................................... 171 7...................................................................................................... Checking the sequence of a part ...................................................................................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories.............................................................................. Creating object type categories............................... Changing the family number of an object ................................................................................. 7............................... Deleting a sequence ....................................................... Example: Numbering selected part types .....................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ........................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing numbers................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Assigning family numbers ....................................................................................................................................................... Locking and unlocking control numbers ... Assigning control numbers to parts .......................................3 Sequences............................................................................................................5 6...................................................................................................................... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ................................................................................................................ 6............................... 171 Custom phase properties ......................................................................................................................................................................... Overlapping numbering series .............................. Viewing logical areas and object type categories ...................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part................................................................... Adding parts to a sequence ................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases......................................... 161 Numbering examples..................................................................... 162 Example: Numbering identical beams................................. Assembly position numbers ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 172 173 173 173 173 7............................................................................................................................................................................... Clearing numbers.............................................................................................................................................. 6........................................................................6 6.................... 167 7...................................................................................................................................... Control numbers........................................................................................................ 156 Viewing the numbering history.................................. Deleting logical areas and object type categories...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a standard-part model .........7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects....................... 172 Creating a sequence ............ Example: Using family numbers...................................................................................... Saving preliminary numbers. 167 Creating logical areas .....................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................ Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ..... Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ... Adding a vertical constraint .............................................................................................. Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Sketching an arc ...................................................... Reverting to default positioning planes .....6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ..................................... Adding a horizontal constraint ................................................................................................................... Adding a fixed constraint ...............................Creating a lot ........................................................................................................................................................................... 176 Sketched cross sections ...... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Part positioning planes ............................................................................................... Deleting a constraint ............................................................................................................ Deleting a lot ........................................................................................... Modifying chamfers in a sketch ........................................................... Modifying a sketched cross section.......................................... Removing parts from a lot ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Setting the sketch thickness ....... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section....................................................................................................... 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ................. Connection positioning planes . Sketching a polyline ............................................................................................................................. Checking a sketched cross section ................................................................................ Adding a perpendicular constraint ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to a lot ................................................................... Sketch Browser ...................................................................................................................................................... Sketching the outline of a cross section ....................................................................................................................................................................... Saving a sketched cross section ....................................................... Showing and hiding positioning planes ..................................................... Adding a coincident constraint ......................................................................................................................................... Moving positioning planes ........................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ....... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 7..................................................................................................................................................... Cross section extrusion types .................................... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ........... Deleting a dimension from a sketch ...................... 7..................................................... Moving positioning plane handles ......................................................... Sketching a circle ..................................................................................... Variables ............... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section .................................................... Adding a parallel constraint ............................................

...................................... 215 View properties ................................................................................................................3 Part properties ...Using sketched cross sections in a model .............. Contour plate properties...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section .................................................. Transparency settings......................................................................................................... Importing sketched cross sections ......................................................................... Pad footing properties.............................................................................................. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ........... 211 8. 8..................................................................................................................................................... 215 Display settings .............................4 Detail properties.................................................................................................................................................................. 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8........................................................................................................... 229 Weld types ................................... Rotation settings ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings.............................. Screenshot settings.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Using the cross section in a model ......................................................................................................................................................................... Concrete panel properties................................................................................................................................................................................................ 211 Grid properties ................................................................................................................................................................................... 217 Steel column properties .................................................................. Twin profile properties.......................................................................................................................................................... Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ................................ 216 8....................................................................................................................................................................... Orthogonal beam properties ............... Strip footing properties ........................... Steel beam properties . 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ............................................................................................. Color settings ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 215 Grid view properties ................ 227 Bolt properties............................................................................................................................................................................ Concrete slab properties .......1 General settings.................................... Exporting sketched cross sections .................................. 227 Weld properties .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings....... Concrete beam properties....................................................................................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section............................... Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section .............................................................................................. Point properties ............................................................................................................................. Creating an image of a sketched cross section ........................................................................................................................................... Grid line properties........................................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness ........................................................................... Concrete column properties .......................................

............. 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Numbering settings ......... 235 9 Modeling Tips ................................ Hiding cut lines in a view ............................................................................................................................................................. Selecting values from the model ......................................... 233 General numbering settings ............................................................................ Cutting efficiently ....................................................... Right-hand rule......... 234 Control number settings .................................................................................................... Modeling identical areas......................................... 232 Edge chamfer properties ......................... 232 8............................................................................................................................ Optional ways of placing objects in a model ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 233 Weld numbering settings........................................................................ Activating an overlapping view ................................................................................................................................... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Finding RGB values for colors.........................................................................Corner chamfer properties ............................................................................................................................................................... Creating horizontal parts ...........................................................................1 General modeling tips ................................................................................. Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ............................. 237 Defining default part properties .................................................................... 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................................................................................... 237 9...... 9.....................................2 Modifying part length ................... Copying and moving efficiently..................................................................................

18) 1. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. 17) Saving a model (p. 15) Creating a new model (p. such as reports and NC data files. and save models in Tekla Structures. you can create a real-life model of any structure. create. 16) Opening a model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . as they react to modifications in the model.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. 17) Model templates (p.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

19

20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

43) 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . 28) Grids (p. the icons and available menu options will become active. 40) Points (p. 29) Views (p. 27) Coordinate system (p.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 21) Work area (p. When you open or create a model. a new window appears on the screen. 25) Work plane (p. Initially. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 33) Construction objects (p. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. 42) Reference models (p.

and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions. 23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

239) Background color examples (p. 3. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background.. set the same value for all four corners of the background. Finding RGB values for colors (p. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . leave the advanced option fields empty. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. > Model View. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. and so on. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. 2. To use the default background color. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2.

RGB values 1.0 0.0 0.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 0.0 Result 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.2 0.

0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 1.3 0.6 1.0 0. 239) 2.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.0 Result 0. dashed lines.0 1.7 See also Changing the background color (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .0 1.6 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.0 1.8 0.7 0.RGB values 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.

2.You can define the work area to suit particular situations.. See also Defining the work area (p. This can be useful. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. set the advanced option to FALSE. or size the work area to include selected parts. 1. Click OK or Apply. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. For more information on each command. Work area (p. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. or all model objects. See also Work area (p. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. To define the work area: 1. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. 5. To make the box visible again. see the corresponding menu tooltip. You can define the work area in a selected view. Objects outside the work area still exist. Click View > Redraw All. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. for example. or in all visible views. when creating screenshots for presentations. > Model View. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. 4. Alternatively. 26) Hiding the work area (p. 2. 3. Tekla Structures hides the work area. To make the work area visible again. for example. click View > Redraw All again.. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. but they are not visible. you can hide the green work area box.

you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. select Work plane to display the work plane grid.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. which is the local coordinate system of the model. 2. To shift the work plane: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . For more information on each command. part positioning. 3. The work plane also has its own grid. When modeling sloped parts.2. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. For example creating points. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. so it is the same in all views. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. For example. See also Shifting the work plane (p. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. parallel to one of the global basic planes. which can be used for positioning parts. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. 28) Right-hand rule (p. To display the work plane grid. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. The current work plane is model-specific. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. or on a part or view plane. The z direction follows the right-hand rule.

2. > Model View.0 0. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.0 0. y. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. Set Plane to XY. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. For example. to change the color to red. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. 3. Click Change.0. set the value to 1. 3. 2. 239) 2... Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Click OK. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 4. See also Work plane (p. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p.. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. 4.See also Work plane (p.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. Work plane (p.. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. Set Depth coordinate to 0. To restore the default work plane: 1. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane.

Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 .5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. 36) 2. See also Work plane (p. 27) View types (p.In wire frame views.

3.. 31) Grid lines (p. 0 2*4000. Grids (p. and Z0. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. See also Click Create. 30) Grid labels (p. 0 4000 4000. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually.You can have more than one grid in a model. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. 5. 2. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. Modify the grid properties. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. Optional: When prompted. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. 29) Grid coordinates (p. 31) Grid properties (p. and Z0. 31) Changing the grid color (p.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. 31) Deleting a grid (p. If you do not pick a point. Y0. To manually create a grid: 1. For example. 30) Coordinate system (p. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. See also Creating a grid (p. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 4. The z coordinates are absolute. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. Y0. 30) Modifying a grid (p. For example.. See also Creating a grid (p. You can also create grids manually. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. Click Modeling > Create Grid. select the Magnetic grid plane check box.

The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. 4. See also Grids (p. See also Click Modify to save the changes. When you delete a grid. If you have also other objects selected. is selected. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. See also Grids (p. If you wish. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. 29) Creating a grid (p. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. 3. 2. 3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 29) Grid properties (p. you can leave the label fields empty. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. 2. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. The Grid dialog box appears. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. is selected. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. not the grid. When working with very large grids. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. Grids (p. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. Modify the grid properties. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views.

Pick the end point of the grid line. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR.1. 4. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. set the value to 1.. 3. 29) Creating a single grid line (p.. Single grid lines have handles. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. When you select a grid line. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. For example. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line.0 0.0.0 0. > Model View. 4. 2. You can use handles to move the grid lines. to change the color to red. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 3. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. See also Grids (p. See also Grids (p. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. the handles appear in magenta. 2. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Pick the starting point of the grid line. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Click OK.

Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. Click Modify to save the changes.See also Grid lines (p. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. 32) 2. See also is selected. 32) Grid line properties (p. 3. For example. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. See also Grid lines (p. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. is selected. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. 3. If you also have other objects selected. 4. not the grid line. 2. 2. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. Grid lines (p. Modify the grid line properties. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 .6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. When you delete a grid line.

35) Opening a view (p. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 39) Refreshing views (p.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 38) Deleting a view (p. This places the part in the center of the view. 38) Switching between open views (p. plane. 39) Arranging views (p. which is useful for different tasks. and elevation views provide different types of information. See also Creating a view (p. 38) Modifying a view (p. create a 3D view of the part. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p.

c See also Click Modify. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions.If you are working with two screens. See also Views (p. Views (p. 33) View settings (p. For more information on each command. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. b Type a unique name in the Name field. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. which have a default name in parentheses. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. See also Creating a view (p. When you exit the model. 2. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. 35) View types (p. 215) About naming views (p. 36) Creating grid views (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Temporary views. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. disappear when you close them. 3. 36) View planes (p. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . Optional: Save the view. If several users have different views with the same name. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. it is very important to give views unique names. Select a view command from the View menu. In multi-user mode. or the view will not be saved for later use. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar.

The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. In basic views. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. In the basic plane view. It does not appear in the plane name. xz. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. and zy). Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. 35) Representation options (p. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. • See also Creating a view (p. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis.

35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. or the points are defined automatically. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. Click the view. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. 37) Creating a view (p. To move the view plane: 1. 5. Click Move. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. 2. depending on the creation method. Moving a view plane (p. or enter its coordinates. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. 4.. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. Other views For view types other than basic views.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. When you move a view plane.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . or enter its coordinates. See also View planes (p. from the pop-up menu. If the Move . Pick the end point of the translation vector.. 3.

2. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. See also Views (p. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. 33) View settings (p. 5. 2. If you try to open more than nine views. how it will name the views. 4. To create grid views: 1. Click View > View List. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left.. If the view does not appear. 3.. and all visible views on the right. Click Modify. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1.. Tekla Structures displays a warning.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. create a view that contains a grid. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. Views (p. 2. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. check how many views you have open. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. and which view properties it will use. Click Create. To open multiple views. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. Select the grid.. Modify the view properties. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. 3. Modify the grid properties. The Views dialog box appears. The Views dialog box appears. or double-click a view to open it. See also Creating a view (p. 35) Grid view properties (p. Before you start..

33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. Views (p. Select the view you want to delete. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. To delete multiple views. and then click Modify. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. 2. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p.1. Click View > Redraw All.. Click Delete. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. In the View Properties dialog box. The Views dialog box appears. Views (p. select an option from the Angle list box. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. and all visible views on the right. Views (p. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. See also Views (p. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. select a view from the list.. 3. 33) Switching between open views (p.. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . Click View > View List. On the Window menu.

To arrange the views. 6. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. See also Creating a construction plane (p. Pick four points. 33) 2. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. Type a name for the plane. 40) Creating a construction line (p. 4. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. Double-click the plane in the model. and circles help you place other objects. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. Click the middle mouse button. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. You cannot use the Cascade. Tekla Structures draws the plane. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. 3. lines. When you move the plane. select the Magnetic check box. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines.7 Construction objects Construction planes. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. 2. For example. For example. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. Tile Horizontally. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. They do not appear in drawings. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. See also Views (p. Click View > Close All. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. 5.

2. b Select the Magnetic check box. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. For more information on each command. c Click Modify. a Double-click the line in the model. Pick the end point of the construction line. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. Click Modify. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. See also Construction objects (p. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . 4.7. 2. See also Construction objects (p. Pick the starting point of the construction line. See also Construction objects (p. 3. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle.

See also Creating a point (p. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. 42) Point properties (p. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. Points (p. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. For more information on each command. To import points from a file: 1. 42) Importing points (p. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro.2. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. Create a point import file. When you create points. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures.

6. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *.dxf) AutoCAD (*.500.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. 4.1500 2.prp) Cadmatic models (*. For example. 42) 2. 5. 7. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line.dgn. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures.1000 300. an architectural model. During the import process. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 .rop. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. Include the full path and the file extension.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*.700. or a heating. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog.3dd) IFC files (*.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. For example: 100. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model.IFC) IGES files (*. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. Double-click Point Creation Import (8). 3. If you do not specify the path. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. Type point in the Search field and click Search. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. *. Type the ASCII file name. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates.igs. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. See also Points (p. Click Create. See also Inserting a reference model (p. a plant design model. *. b Save the file.dwg) MicroStation (*. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model.

Updating reference models (p. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. For more information on user-defined attributes. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. Set the scale of the reference model.inp file. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. Click the Browse.... 7. 2. if it uses different measurement units). 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p.. the file does not exist. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. Check the work plane position. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. 2. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. or you forget to click Apply. 6. See also Reference models (p. Click User-defined attributes. 4. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. Modify the properties and then click Modify. Click File > Insert Reference Model. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 5. 46) Reference model objects (p. 3.. Click File > Reference Model List. button to browse for the reference model file. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. Open a Tekla Structures model. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. see Adding properties.. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. If you do not define a reference model file to use. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. 3. 4.

See also Reference models (p. switch. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. 2.. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. To update all reference models: 1. Select a reference model from the list. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. Click Reload all. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Click File > Reference Model List.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. See also Reference models (p..dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 .3dd) WebViewer (.. 2. but the changes are rarely documented.. 2.xml) 3D DWG (. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (. you can highlight them. 2. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p... See also Click File > Reference Model List. Click File > Reference Model List. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. Reference models (p. Reference models (p. To highlight a reference model: 1.ifc) Cadmatic (.

Click Display.. 4. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . To view reference model layers: 1. button next to the Old file name field.. 3. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects.To view changes in a reference model: 1. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. For example. select Inserted to see the added objects. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. See also Reference models (p. Double-click the reference model. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. 2. Double-click the reference model.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

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51) Steel parts (p. When you create or modify a part. button next to the Profile field. 53) User-defined profiles (p. parametric. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. • For steel parts. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. 53) Parametric profiles (p.. 66) Concrete parts (p.. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. Open the Select Profile dialog box.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. A parametric profile. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. click the Select. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. Icon Description A standard profile. 52) Standard profiles (p. 2. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. and user-defined profiles. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. X. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. If you select a parametric profile. select the Show all profiles check box.• 3. Click Apply or OK. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. See also Profiles (p. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. See also Profiles (p. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. • 5. click the button next to the Shape field. environmentspecific profiles. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. select the Show details check box. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. See also Profiles (p. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. so you should not edit them. the profile catalog contains standard. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. By default. Select a profile from the list. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. • To see all the properties of profiles. use the Profile name list box. 6. 4. • To select a recently used profile. and *. See also Profiles (p. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . For example. Click Modify. For concrete parts. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. /. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog.

this tab could contain the maximum grain size. next to the Material field. Select a material from the list. such as strengths. • To see all the properties of materials. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. porosity. 5.. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click Select. For example. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. or names used in different countries or standards. including the modulus of elasticity. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. • 4. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. they can be former names.. Click Modify. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. 6. select the Show details check box. For example. Click Apply or OK.Materials When you create or modify a part. partial safety factors. and thermal dilatation coefficient. and so on. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. See also Materials (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. select the Show aliases check box. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. or country-specific properties. The Select Material dialog box appears. 3. 2. Poisson’s ratio. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade.

Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used..Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. Attributes can consist of numbers. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. or in projects. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . or lists. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. text. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. When drawings of the parts are created. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings..

3.. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. Select the Part label check box. In the Display dialog box.. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Each end of a part can have a different connection code.. Click Display. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. See also Part properties (p. and Moment User field 1.. 4. go to the Advanced tab. user-defined attributes. Tension. 2.. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Part properties (p. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. User-defined fields. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties.. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults.4 Connection code Can be used.

Click Modify. See also Part position (p. 6. the rest are magenta. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. Move the part like any other object. The points form the part reference line. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. just drag the part to a new position. you position it by picking points. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list.2 Part position When you create a part. 7. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . Tekla Structures displays the handles. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. If Drag and Drop is switched on. b Click Add. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. Select the part. Part labels (p. Tekla Structures highlights the handles.5. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. 56) 3. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. a Select a property in the Properties list. 3. for example. The handle of the first end point is yellow. 2. When you select a part. The Part label dialog box appears. Select the handles. See also Moving a part using handles (p. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. 58) Part positioning tips (p. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles.

. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. For example. modify the desired position settings. to open the Display dialog box. 2. enter a value in the corresponding box. 3. use the round selection dial. On the Advanced tab. The object moves in the model accordingly. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click Modify and OK. To change the Angle. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. click and drag the green rotation angle knob.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. Click in the Mini Toolbar. Click and drag to select a position. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. or Depth offset... Click Display. See also Click View > View Properties. On the Position tab. 4. Hold down Shift to override this. 3. Plane offset.. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. Modify the settings. 2. To change the rotation angle. select the Part reference line check box. Click Modify. • • • To change the overall position of the part. See also Position on the work plane (p. Part position (p.

you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. 59) Position depth (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 61) Horizontal position (p. 64) Bending (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane.Rotation (p. 63) Levels (p. 62) End offsets (p. 60) Vertical position (p. To do this. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. perpendicular to the work plane.

Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part. relative to its reference point. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 .

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to its reference point. 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part.

You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. relative to its reference line. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 .Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. You can enter positive and negative values. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line.

58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns).Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. In this example. To position the upper columns correctly. Use to define the position of the second end. you can enter the positions of the part ends. relative to the picked point. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . not at the level you picked. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. you must modify their bottom level position.

58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. for example a curved beam. you need to specify the number of segments. Alternatively. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. the less angular the part appears. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part.Top level = 1000. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. which is relative to the current work plane. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . You can also define the plane of curvature.

Pick the position of the column. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. Click the Create column icon. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 66) Creating a steel beam (p. 58) 3. 3.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. See also Creating a steel column (p.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. 2.

Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Pick the starting point. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 3. See also Steel column properties (p. Click the Create polybeam icon. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. Pick the end point. 4. You can also create bent plates with this command. To create a steel polybeam: 1. See also Steel beam properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . Click the Create beam icon. 3. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. 2. 218) Levels (p. 2. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties.

Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the starting point. Double-click the end point. 5. To create a contour plate: 1. Pick the end point (3). 2. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. 3. Pick a point on the arc (2). 4. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 106) Steel beam properties (p. 3. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Click the Create contour plate icon. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. 4. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. See also Steel beam properties (p. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. Optional: To create curved segments. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. Pick the starting point (1). or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 218) Bending (p. Pick the starting point again. 5. 2.4. 5. Click the Create curved beam icon.

69) Contour plate properties (p. 6. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. Pick the position of the beam. Select the plate. 7.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner.. 2. 68) Contour plate properties (p. 5. 3. 3. 4. See also Creating a contour plate (p. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. 2. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . from the list box. Click Modify. 219) Chamfers (p.. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties.

By default. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. 221) 3. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 3. Pick the end point. See also Twin profile properties (p. 2. See also Creating an assembly (p.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. or by joining assemblies together. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. You can change the main part in an assembly.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. To create a twin steel profile: 1. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 4. Pick the starting point. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. 2. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 .Exploding an assembly (p. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 3. 3. Assemblies (p. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Assemblies (p. 76) Assembly examples (p. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Creating an assembly (p. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p.

The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. Using welds to create assemblies (p. 3. Assemblies (p. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. You can create workshop welds and site welds.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Pick the bolt group origin. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. 5. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 5. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. 4. 3. In the Connect part/assembly list box. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. Click Apply or OK. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. When you connect assemblies. 4. 6. select As sub-assembly. 7. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. 2. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. In the Connect part/assembly list box. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 6. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. Click Apply or OK. select As sub-assembly. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 2.

Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. from single parts and bolts. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. To work with nested assemblies. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. through the basic and sub-assemblies. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . up to the highest level of the nested assembly. See also Assemblies (p. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. 74) Joining assemblies (p.

Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. Select the assembly to add to. marks. 4. and still produce dimensions. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. fabrication information. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. 2. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. Select the part you want to add. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. 4. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. for all assembly levels. 3. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. Select the assembly to add to.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. 2. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. etc.

Select the assemblies you want to join. 2. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. 3. Select the new main part. See also Select the new main assembly. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. Tekla Structures changes the main part. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Assemblies (p. Adding objects to assemblies (p. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. You can change the main assembly at any time. 4. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. 2. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. c Select the assembly. See also Changing the main assembly (p. 2. Select a part that belongs to an assembly.

76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. always starting from the highest level. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. • To only explode the sub-assembly. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part .secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. See also Assemblies (p. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .main part Steel part . 2. and then attached to the column in another workshop. right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts.main part Concrete . To explode an assembly: 1.

Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. Assemblies (p.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. See also Creating a pad footing (p. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. 78) Creating a concrete column (p.Drawing 2. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p.

223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. See also Pad footing properties (p. 2. 3. chamfer the corners of the footing. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. Click the Create strip footing icon. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. Double-click the end point. 5. 2. 3. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Strip footing properties (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. Pick the position of the column. 4.Creating a concrete slab (p. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Optional: To create curved segments. Click the Create concrete column icon. Pick the pad footing position. 3. 2. Click the Create pad footing icon.

Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 2. 5. Pick the starting point. 3. Optional: To create curved segments. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Click the Create concrete beam icon. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . 4. 3. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. 4. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Double-click the end point.See also Concrete column properties (p. See also Concrete beam properties (p. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. Pick the end point. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. 2.

Select the slab. 3. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. To create a concrete slab: 1. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Pick the starting point again. See also Creating a round slab (p.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. Click the Create concrete slab icon. Pick the starting point. Click Modify. Pick the corner points of the slab. 4. 2. 3. 6. 2. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. 5. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. 4. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 5. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 7. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. from the list box. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape.

Double-click the end point. chamfer the corners of the panel. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 2. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. You can change the main part in a cast unit. 4.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. By default. Optional: To create curved segments. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. 104) 3. each part is considered a separate cast unit. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. as well as concrete parts. Click the Create concrete panel icon.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. See also Creating a cast unit (p. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. 3. 225) Chamfers (p. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . 5. For example. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. Cast units can include reinforcement.

Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. 3. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. See also Cast units (p. Select the new main part. Select the non-concrete part you want to add.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 3. This applies to anything that is not concrete. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. 2. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 2. 4. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. Select the objects you want to add. 2. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. Adding objects to cast units (p. 3. Adding objects to cast units (p. 2. such as steel parts and insulation. 83) Casting direction (p. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 3. Select an object in the cast unit. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. Cast units (p. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 4. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects.

See also Adding objects to cast units (p. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit.main part Steel part . select Precast or Cast in place. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Click Modify to save the changes. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From.main part Concrete . Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. Cast units (p. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. 4. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. Cast units (p. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. 2. Go to the Cast unit tab. 2. 2. Select the objects you want to remove. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. 3. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Cast units (p. In the Cast unit type list box.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. 2.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part .

right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. To hide the top-in-form face again. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. See also Cast units (p. 3. 2. 2. Casting direction (p. See also Casting direction (p. See also Select a concrete part. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. Select a concrete part.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 85) Holes (p. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. 104) Combining parts (p. 89) Welds (p.1 Bolts To create bolts. 116) Splitting parts (p. 91) Surface treatment (p. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. 117) 4. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures.

See also Creating a bolt group (p. 4. See also Apply a component. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 87) Bolt offsets (p. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. which is the bolt group origin. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 85) Bolt properties (p. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. 2. Explode the component.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. Pick a point. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. 2. Select the main part. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. 3. 6. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. 227) Bolt group shape (p. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Modify the bolt group. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 5. washers. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. 86) Bolt group position (p. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. 3. Select the secondary parts. 7. Bolts (p. and nuts) while creating holes.

y coordinate of each bolt. Diameter of the bolt group. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . from the bolt group point of origin. Number of bolts. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. from the bolt group point of origin. in the x direction of the bolt group. x coordinate of each bolt.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. in the y direction of the bolt group.

5. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. 4. See also Creating a bolt group (p. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. 3. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. 85) Bolt properties (p. Bolts (p. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Click Apply to save the changes. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. relative to the bolt group x axis. 2. type 0. select Array from the Shape list box. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. The starting point values Dx. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. Under Bolt group. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

To create round holes: 1. If you do not want to create any bolts. 2. See also Bolts (p. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . If you want to create only holes without any bolts. 85) 4. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. When prompted. 2. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 89) Creating oversized holes (p.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. 3. 4. Before creating holes. 5. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. Optional: Modify the hole properties. Holes (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. reselect the main and secondary parts. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Click Apply to save the changes.1.

Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. See also Click Apply to save the changes. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Holes (p. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. 4. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. 3. Follow the instructions on the status bar. For example. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. In the Hole type list box.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. To indicate which parts should be slotted. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 8. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 5. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. select Slotted. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. 2. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. If you do not want to create any bolts.

3. If you do not want to create any bolts. this is the secondary part of the assembly. select Oversized. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. 5. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. In the Oversize field. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. 94) Weld preparation (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Select the part to be welded. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. 2.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. without connecting any other parts. this is the main part of the assembly. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. 2. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. Holes (p. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. 6. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. Click Apply to save the changes. If you are creating a workshop weld. In the Hole type list box. 7. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 4. or use a component that automatically creates welds. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 4. If you are creating a workshop weld. 86) 4. Select the part to weld to. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . Optional: Modify the weld properties. 3. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. 89) Creating a bolt group (p.1.

93) Using welds to create assemblies (p. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. 229) Weld position (p. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Example The following image shows welds in different positions. or z). See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. 91) Weld properties (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. y.

Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. If you are creating a workshop weld. this is the secondary part of the assembly. Select the part to weld to. If you are creating a workshop weld. Select the part to be welded. 4. this is the main part of the assembly. or alternatively. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . 5. pick the points you want the weld to go through. 3. 2. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. Pick the starting and end point.

or apply a component that does it automatically. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. 2. To prevent automatic weld preparation. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. 3. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . or alternatively. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. Select the part that you want to weld.See also Welds (p. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. Pick the starting and end point. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. pick the points you want the weld to go through. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. See also Welds (p. See also Welds (p. use the SPD profile. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. 4. without connecting any other parts: 1. Select the part that you want to cut. 2.

Select the cutting part. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. and tiles. surface mixes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 .g.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. for example. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. you change the size of a part).3. When you create overlapping surface treatments. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. 94) 4.

7. 2. Front. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. 4. In the At depth list box. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. 3. 9. In the Type list box. 5.. The options are Middle... See also Surface treatment (p. 6. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. 8. select Tile surface from the Type list box. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p.. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. select the type of surface treatment to use. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. and Behind. See also Surface treatment (p. Click the Select.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. to select a material from the catalog. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. select the specific surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. b On the Pattern tab. In the Surface treatment name list box. select the location of the surface treatment. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p.

b Select the part face. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 2. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. 4. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. b Select the part face. Pick the direction. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 2. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 3. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. 2. 2. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. 4. 3. 4. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. The faces that you can select appear in blue. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 3. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment.

To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. left. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . or right). 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. Adding surface treatment to parts (p.5. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. bottom. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on.

dat file using any text editor. To create new surface treatment options: 1. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users. The file is located in the .. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 . Open the product_finishes.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder.

Save the file. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". See also Add rows to define new options.xml file using any text editor. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. 1 for concrete finish. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. MF for Magnesium Float.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. Open the TilePatternCatalog. a Define the surface treatment type. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. Surface treatment (p. The file is located in the .. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. For example. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. 4. Magnesium Float. For example. See also Surface treatment (p. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. For example. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. 2. 100) Example pattern definition (p. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

100) Example pattern definition (p. Other elements are optional. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . and then modify it to suit your needs.xml file. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. 4.xml file. Save the TilePatternCatalog. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. Tiled surface treatment (p. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 3. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p.

xml file. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment. starting from the origin of the surface treatment. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type.xml file. TilePatternCatalog. For example.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p.. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. Located in the . Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 . 100) Tile pattern definitions (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder.xml file. 103) Tile pattern elements (p.. Located in the . herringbone. Filenames identify the pattern types.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p.

116) Splitting parts (p. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. In Tekla Structures. Required. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. Required. Optional. 100) 4. At least one required. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. Required. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. Vertical offset of the tile pattern.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Optional. 115) Combining parts (p. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. Optional. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). The origin of an individual tile. 113) Cambering parts (p. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 112) Warping concrete parts (p. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. 104) Fittings (p. 108) Cuts (p. and concrete panels). concrete slabs. Optional. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. and manufacturing reasons. practical. Color of the tile or mortar.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. Tile pattern element. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. defined from the origin of the pattern. See also Chamfers (p. steel and concrete polybeams. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. Required.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns.

4. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. Chamfers (p. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. 3. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. Modify the chamfer properties. 5. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. Double-click the handle of any part corner.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Click Modify. See also Select the part. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. You can modify the default chamfers. which does not change the geometry of the part.

Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . You can modify the default chamfers.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. 105) Polybeam chamfers By default.

3. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . 5. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. Select the part you want to chamfer. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. b Modify the chamfer properties. See also Chamfering part corners (p.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. 4. 2. Optional: Modify the chamfer.

Pick the first point of the cutting line. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. and so on. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . which passes through the cutting line you pick. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. details. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. which makes it easier to create connections. 2. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. 104) Creating a fitting (p. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. perpendicular to the view plane. c Click OK. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. 232) Chamfers (p. 3. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. 4. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1.6.

Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. For more information on how to change this. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. You must create cuts in a plane view. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. In situations like this. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. See also Fittings (p. use the Cut Part commands instead. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. see Fittings affect NC data. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting.

This can be useful. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. for example. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. You can cut parts that already have cuts. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away.

2. Pick the side you want to remove. Select the part you want to cut. 4. 5. 109) Polygon cuts (p. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 3. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . This makes it unclear what should be cut away. 109) Line cuts (p. Pick the second point of the cutting line. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. To cut a part with a line: 1. Cuts (p. Select the part you want to cut. 3. 5. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. To close the polygon.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. 4. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. 2. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. See also Cuts (p. For example.

3. Alternatively. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. See also Cuts (p. 4. 2. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. To cut a part with another part: 1. Delete the cutting part. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. 3. The part cut does not affect other parts. 3). concrete panels. Pick an existing corner (1). 109) Part cuts (p. Pick another existing corner (4). See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. 6. Pick the corner to remove (5). 5. Select the part you want to modify. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 4. concrete slabs. contour plates. 2. Select the cutting part. and strip footings.

create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. relative to the part reference line. Click OK to close the dialog box. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. relative to the part reference line. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. For example. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. 4. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Go to the Deforming tab. In the Start field. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. 5. use the dz2 field. 3. 2. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. use the dz1 field. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. In the End field. Fine-tuning part shape (p.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. Click Modify to warp the slab. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. • 3. 2. 6. Modify the chamfer properties. Click Modify to warp the beam. Move the chamfers. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1.

Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. For example. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. Select the chamfer you want to move. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. To see the warping angle of a single slab. For example. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. In the Move . 4. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. 7. Click Move. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. which warps the slabs. 2.Linear dialog box. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. Click OK to close the dialog box. 5. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 8. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. and go to the Deforming tab.4. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. 6. type a value in the appropriate direction field. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. See also Warping concrete parts (p.

See also Warping concrete parts (p. Cambering parts (p. Go to the Deforming tab. In the Cambering field. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 104) Cambering a part (p. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. Click Modify. including the template output. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. When drawings are created. 3. skews. in other words. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. define the degree of camber. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Cambering affects the position of cuts. and embeds in the model. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. 2. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. 4.

3.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 115) 4. Go to the Deforming tab. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. When you select the parts you want to combine. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. 3. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 4. 4. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. In the Shortening field. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Click Modify. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. See also Combining two parts into one (p. In the Shortening field. For example. 2. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. 2. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. Click Modify. enter a negative value. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. Go to the Deforming tab. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. define the degree of shortening. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model.

Select the part to attach to. 2. 2. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. Combining parts (p. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. You can use splitting with straight parts. Click Edit > Combine. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Select the second part. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. Select the part you want to attach. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. 3. 3. When you combine parts. curved beams without offsets. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first.1.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. Select the first part. You cannot split polybeams. See also Combining parts (p. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. 116) 4.

Select the part you want to split. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . check the result after splitting. 2. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. welds or surface treatments. and on the same side of the part. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. 2. See also Splitting parts (p. 3. 4. Click Edit > Split. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. Pick a point for the dividing line. Select the part you want to split. See also Click Edit > Split. Splitting parts (p. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. 3. If you split contour plates that have bolts.

you can move and rotate the model. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. See also Zooming the model (p. 121) Moving the model (p. or a combination of both. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . keyboard shortcuts.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. or pull out for a wider view. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. 122) Flying through the model (p. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. 128) Visualizing project status (p. 135) Checking the model (p. 119) Inquiring the model (p. and backward to zoom out. Scroll forward to zoom in. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. You can use a mouse. 119) Rotating the model (p. 142) 5.

do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. Place the mouse pointer over the model. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . see the corresponding menu tooltip. If this option is off. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. Open a wire frame view of the model. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. For more information on each command. select Wire frame. b In the View type list box. press Page Up. 2. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. 2. Create a zoom window. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. See also Viewing the model (p. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p.If you do not have a wheel mouse. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. • See also To zoom out. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. c Click Modify. press Page Down. Zooming the model (p. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p.

e 3. To rotate the model. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . 4. In wire frame views. To change the level of magnification. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. Click the Magnifier icon. See also Zooming the model (p. menu commands. keyboard shortcuts. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. zoom in and out in the zoom window. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. and then drag the pointer to size the window. As you move the pointer in the general view. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse.

119) Moving the model To move the entire model. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . and then pick a position in the view. press v. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Define a specific rotation angle 1.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. 3. Pick a position in the view. For more information on each command. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. 213) Viewing the model (p. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. 2. Click Modify. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 3. To relocate the center of rotation. 2. 2. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. See also Rotation settings (p. Press Ctrl + R. 2. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model.

drag the mouse in the desired direction. 5. down. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. c Click Modify. 2. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. You can also adjust the field of view setting. Set view projection to Perspective. you can travel through a model. • To change the flying direction.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. 2. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. c Click OK.. 4. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. To fly through a model: 1. Move the model using the Pan command 1. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. b In the Projection list box. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. left and right arrows on the keyboard. select Perspective. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan.. press Esc. • • To move up or down. scroll with the mouse wheel. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. To activate the middle button pan. > Model View. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. 2. Select a view. To stop panning. 3. or Shift+M. 3. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. Click View > Fly. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. Use the up. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. To change the camera angle.

hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. To stop flying. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. Click View > Create Clip Plane.. or the entire Tekla Structures window. Viewing the model (p. 2. To finish creating clip planes. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. See also To delete a clip plane. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. To move a clip plane. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. You can use screenshots in posters. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. view. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. 5. 2. press Esc. press Esc. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location.• 6. To create a clip plane: 1. brochures. 6. Select a plane. 4. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom.. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. 4. Click Capture.png) files. 2..3.. select View. To capture the active view. select Main Frame. Under Capture. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. 2. Creating a screenshot (p. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. To print a screenshot: 1. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Set the desired properties and click OK. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. See also Creating a screenshot (p. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (.. Click Capture. select Rendered view. 5. 125) Screenshot settings (p. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. the screenshot commands might not always work properly.. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window.bmp format. as a custom component thumbnail. for example. 3. 6. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Click Options. Select Place on clipboard. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (.. 4. Creating a screenshot (p. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. click Pick view and select a view.. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default.bmp) format to use it. 7. To capture the active view without borders. select Dialog. select View without Borders. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in .

See also Inquiring the model (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit. within the model.5. To inquire object properties: 1. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window.. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. 2.. Select an object. and length of the selected model object. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. 126) Object property report templates (p. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. the tool shows the total area..rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. 2.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. See also Inquiring object properties (p. weight. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. See also Inquiring the model (p. See also Inquiring object properties (p. For more information on how to use templates.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. or a group of objects. Select a part. By default. see the Template Editor user documentation.

2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. • To create new calculated attributes. Open the InquiryTool.config file in any standard text editor. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. • See also To change the formula of an attribute... Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. or MIN) from the list box. the file contains 65 attributes.lst file located in the . To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. To modify the default attributes. -. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window. • To modify the calculated attributes. • To remove attributes from the tool window.. • 4. Use the InquiryTool.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. click Edit. Change the position number of the new attribute. edit the InquiryTool. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button.. 3. and /) to form equations. MAX. For example. The file is located in the . click Add…. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. By default. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder..Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.. *.config file in the . 2.. Click Manage contents.. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. 3.config file: 1... • To change the order of the attributes. AVERAGE. • To add more attributes to the tool window.. use the Up and Down buttons. The Manage Contents dialog box appears.

Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. DATATYPE. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. 132) Object groups (p. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. 128) Representation options (p.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. 3. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.. 126) 5. to open the Display dialog box. DISPLAY_NAME. When you redraw a view. 2. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p.4. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 132) Object representation settings (p. Save the file. 128) Display settings (p. 5. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. Showing and hiding objects (p. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. Click Display. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .lst file. 6. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 216) Representation options In rendered views. For example. Modify the NAME.. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. UNIT.

component objects are displayed as Rendered.e.e. i. component objects are displayed as Rendered.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. In this example. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. parts are transparent. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . i. underlying parts are not visible. Parts are transparent. surfaces are not. and their surfaces are shaded. Example In this example. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed.

5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. 2. The parts are shown as sticks. To hide selected parts: 1..5 and Shift+1. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. Showing and hiding objects (p. 3.e. • • See also To make the parts visible again. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1.. for example. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . This can be useful. for example. when viewing clash check results in a large model... Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. This option is useful. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. i. Other parts are almost completely transparent. Click View > Hide Part. parts are not transparent. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. To completely hide the parts. Select the parts you want to hide.

Select the parts that you want to keep visible. Right-click and select Redraw View. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. cuts. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. and other details belonging to the assembly. 2. welds. 3. 2. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. To clear the exact lines effect. To make the parts visible again. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. 4. 128) Hiding selected parts (p.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. click View > Redraw All. To completely hide the unselected parts. Showing and hiding objects (p. To show the unselected parts as sticks. Click View > Redraw All. To display a part with exact lines: 1. See also Select the part. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. 3. bolts. 2. The unselected parts become almost transparent. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . Tekla Structures displays all parts. Select the assembly you want to hide. fittings. Hide an assembly 1. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. Showing and hiding objects (p.

Select the component you want to hide. a Click Add row.Representation dialog box. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. 4. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. and other details belonging to the component. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. 128) Refreshing views (p. Click View > Redraw All. d Add more rows. Property. Right-click and select Redraw View. 128) Refreshing views (p. b Select options from the Category. c In the Value list box. to open the Object Group . The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective.... 133) Deleting an object group (p. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. and Condition list boxes. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. 2. to open the Object Representation dialog box. welds. 3. Modify the object group settings. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. 128) Creating an object group (p. 2. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Click Object group. type a value or select one from the model. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1.See also Showing and hiding objects (p.. 133) Visualizing project status (p.

132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. Click Save as to save the object group. Object groups (p. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. • To make an object group available in another model. 2. See also Object groups (p.5. • To make an object group available in all models. Restart Tekla Structures. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.PObjGrp. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model.PObjGrp. 6. and they have the file name extension *. Select the object group you want to copy. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. copy the file to the system folder. Select where you want to copy the object group. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . 2. 3. For example. Object groups have the file name extension *. Object groups (p. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. 132) Selecting values from the model (p.

Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. Click Add row. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. To create object representation settings: 1. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 4.. 2. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. 8.. 7. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. If an object belongs to several object groups. 5. 3. 6. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 9.

136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. 3. or OK. Restart Tekla Structures. Object representation settings (p. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. Apply. Restart Tekla Structures. 2.rep. 2. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. 133) Color settings (p. • To make the settings available in another model. 213) Transparency settings (p. copy them to the system folder. See also Object representation settings (p. To create project status visualizations. For example. See also Creating a visualization (p. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . • To make the settings available in all models.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. and they have the file name extension *.rep. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. 133) 5. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. See also Object representation settings (p. Select where you want to copy the settings. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1.

Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. copy them to the system folder. c Define the length of the time step. select one of the predefined object representation settings. 3. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. See also Visualizing project status (p.4d. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. To view the visualization in the model. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. Modify the visualization settings.. a In the Object representation list box. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. 2. 4. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. Restart Tekla Structures.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. and they have the file name extension *. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. Visualizing project status (p. 6. 5. Restart Tekla Structures.. See also Visualizing project status (p. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. 2. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. Select where you want to copy the settings.rep) and object group files (*. 4.4d. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 3. • To make the settings available in another model. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. • To make the settings available in all models. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. click the step buttons.

create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. On the Status tab. c In the Condition list box.. To define an erection schedule: 1. Click Object group. The Select Date dialog box appears. 4. e Select Review date and click OK. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. Finally. select Earlier than or equal. select INSTALL_PLAN. 6. 8.In the following example. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. Click View > Representation > Object representation. b In the Property list box... select Select date. After that. To create the object group: 1. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example.. to open the Object Group . you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. 2. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. See also Click Modify.. 3. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 5. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. 2.. d In the Value list box. a In the Category list box. 3. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . Visualizing project status (p. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p.Representation dialog box. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. To make it easier to select parts. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model.. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. Click User-defined attributes.. select Object. 7. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. See also Visualizing project status (p.

Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 3. 5.. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. c In the Color list box. See also Object representation settings (p. enter a name for the group. 2. b In the Object group list box. 5. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. select Visible. 6. 4. a Click Add row. To create object representation settings: 1. 133) Visualizing project status (p. d In the Transparency list box. select Color by class.4. d In the Transparency list box. 2. plan_same_or_before_review_date. 137). b In the Object group list box. a Click Add row. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. select the object group All. 4. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . select Color by class. scheduled_erection_date. c In the Color list box. to open the Object Representation dialog box.. For example. you will create project status visualization settings. Click Save as. In the box next to the Save as button. For example. In the Object representation list box. To create visualization settings: 1. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. In the box next to the Save as button. enter a name for the object representation settings. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 5. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. 3. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. enter a name for the visualization. See also Object groups (p. select Hidden. 132) Visualizing project status (p. 138).. 7. Click Save as.. In the box next to the Save as button. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. select the object group you just created. Define the length of the time step.

.. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. 3.See also Visualizing project status (p. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. To view the visualization in the model. 4. In the list box next to the Load button. 2. Click Load. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. 138). click the step buttons. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 .

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. 143) Detecting clashes (p. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Measuring objects (p. 149) Finding distant objects (p. 135) 5. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p.5 Checking the model When the model is complete. it is useful to check the model for errors.

See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . vertical and user-defined distances: 1. 2. 4. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. Select a bolt group. see the corresponding menu tooltip. the distance between two points and between bolts. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. 4. 2. Measuring objects (p. See also Measuring distances (p. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. 143) Measuring angles (p. Pick the starting point.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. To measure bolt spacing: 1. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. Select a part. For more information on each command. Measuring objects (p. 2. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. All measurements are temporary. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. 3. 3. 3. Pick the starting point. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. Pick the end point. Pick the center point. Pick the end point.

See also Measuring objects (p. or reference model objects that collide. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . If you are checking a reference model for clashes. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. bolts. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results.

or stop checking. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. 2. You can continue working during the clash check. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. 3. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. To locate the colliding objects. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. Select the objects you want to check. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . you can choose whether to continue checking. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. select a row in the clash check log. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. If colliding objects are found.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. Click Tools > Clash Check.

Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. 2. When you re-run clash check. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. Clash Check Manager (p. Only certain object properties affect this flag. resolved. A check mark it is visible. right-click one of the column headings. 3. modified. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. See also To highlight a clash in the model. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. If the object has been modified (for example. if the profile has changed). 5. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. To see which properties have an effect.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. When the clash check is complete. or missing. 1. 2. 4. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. In the model. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. Click to check the objects. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. double-click a row. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. The clash is not new. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. select a row in the list of clashes. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. You can continue working during the clash check.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . 2. select a session. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. Click . 3. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. 2. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. In the Open dialog box. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. Click OK. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. In Clash Check Manager. 3.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. . 3. 2. In Clash Check Manager. select the clashes whose status you want to change. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. See also Clash Check Manager (p.

Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. If you clear the check boxes.. 4. By default. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. See also Clash Check Manager (p. 3. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the .. 5. Click Tools > Options > Options. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4.To Save the active session Do this Click . Click Save. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. go to the Clash check page. In the Options dialog box. Click Apply or OK. Modify the bolt clearance values. If the fields are empty. 5. 2.. enter a new name. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. 3.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder.00. the clearance will be zero. Save as. Click In the Save As dialog box. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. 2. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . In the File name box. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. icon.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. P1002. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. For example. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. . 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. 154) Family numbers (p.. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. To save time. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts).. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. Planning your numbering series (p. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. When you run numbering. such as plates. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. If you do this. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. Example For example. P1003. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number.

Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 3.1.. they get unique qualifier numbers. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. 4.. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. Click Modify. 2. Defining numbering series (p. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. Under Compare. However. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. See also Defining numbering series (p. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. b Select a numbering series from the list. Under Numbering series. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. 4. define a part prefix and a start number. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. 2. This can be used. When you use family numbering. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. 3. Go to the Family numbering tab. go to the Cast unit tab. for example. and then click Add. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box.

Click Assign. but not all of them. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. b Modify the settings. See also Family numbers (p. 2. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 161) 6.. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. see the corresponding menu tooltip. c Click Apply or OK. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered..4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. 4. 3. 155) Clearing numbers (p. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. If a series overlaps another.. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. If you select all the check boxes. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. If you do not select any check boxes. Family numbers (p. 5.Select at least one check box. For more information on each command. 6. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. Update numbering in the model. only one family number per series is assigned. clear the existing numbers. Click Apply.. 7. See also Defining numbering series (p.

156) Assembly position numbers (p. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 159) Clearing numbers (p. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. In this case you should renumber the parts. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. The default start number is 1. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. The prefix varies based on the part type. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. 158) Control numbers (p. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. If you add new parts. See also Numbering objects (p. However. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. for example. However. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. the x coordinate.See also Numbering settings (p. 158) Changing numbers (p. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering.

The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. 2. When you assign control numbers. their z coordinates are also compared. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. With negative directions (such as -X). their y coordinates are also compared. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. and Third direction is Z. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. if First direction is -X. See also Numbering objects (p. Example In the following example. Numbering objects (p. For example. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. See also Select the parts. Second direction is Y. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. the sort order is X Y Z. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts.

All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. or specific parts. Click Apply. 4. assembly. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. • 3. do not select any parts. do not select any parts in the model. 2. 3. type the first control number to be used. Click Apply. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. select the parts. etc. 5.. 6. select the parts in the model. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. 11. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. Indicate which parts to consider.. See also Control numbers (p. To only consider specific parts. 158) Control number settings (p. specify which parts get control numbers. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. 4. Define the control numbers to be used. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. define the interval. or family numbers after you run numbering. 2. In the Numbering list box. 7. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. to assign the control numbers 2. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . 8. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. See also Control numbers (p. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. and then click Create. This command does not change the numbering series.See also Numbering objects (p. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. number the model. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. and then click Create. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. b In the Step value field. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. multi-position. For example.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. • To consider all parts in the model. In the Status list box. a In the Start number of control numbers field. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. 8. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. 5. In the Renumber list box.

Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. If the number you specified is already in use. See also Numbering objects (p. For more information on each command. 2. See also Numbering objects (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2.1. 2. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. 4. Select an object. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. 3. For more information on each command. This functionality only applies to steel parts. This is for information only and the number is still changed. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. To create a standard-part model: 1. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . see the corresponding menu tooltip. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. Set the desired properties.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. Click Assign. Next time you run numbering. To clear the position numbers: 1.

156) 6. STD2. 8. STD1. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box.. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. For information on how to interpret the log file. 12.. StandardParts. 9.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. especially before producing drawings or reports. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. 4.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 2.. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. Number the model. 13. 3. Save the standard-part model. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1.. 11. see Numbering history log. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.. See also Numbering objects (p. Explode all components. If you have selected the Part name check box.For example. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. 156) 6. 5.. 10. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example.. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. and so on). See also Numbering objects (p..6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. > Numbering. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. 7. Open another model. Delete all unnecessary items. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 .

Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. 156) Changing numbers (p. 5. 4. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. 3. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. To number identical beams: 1. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 159) 6. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. Number the model. Modify one of the beams. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. 4. Number the model. See also Numbering objects (p. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. Number the model. 2.2. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. Unless you want to repair the entire model. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. 6. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 5.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. All the beams have the part position number P1.

Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. and each pair has the same length. but the holes are different. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. All beams have the same profile. but each pair has a different length. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. The parts have the same main profile. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 .

Select the Column orientation check box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 8. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. 9. and then click Apply. 10. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . To number parts in selected phases: 1. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. 7. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. and another one for steel columns. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. Create steel columns.. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. 6. 4. divide the model into phases. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. 2. 5. and then click Apply. Before you start. 3. Select one of the steel columns in the model.. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases.

and then click Apply. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 4. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000.. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Select the parts you want to number. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. Select one of the parts you want to number. For example. Modify the numbering settings. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. 3. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 .. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. 5.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. 7. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 6.

If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. 164) General numbering settings (p. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing.

You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . and categorize object types. 172) Lotting (p. 176) Sketched cross sections (p.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. 167) Phases (p. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. based on purchasing contracts. 181) 7. for example. and erection sequences. 171) Sequences (p. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. lots. 174) Parametric modeling (p. You can classify information according to your needs.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model.

169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. 168) Creating object type categories (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . See also Creating logical areas (p. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p.

. select the area for the section or the story. 4. See also In Model Organizer. Click Tools > Model Organizer. right-click the selected section or story. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts.. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). 4. 3. c Click New Section. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . and select Add Selected to Category. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . You may create as many sections and storys as you need. a Right-click Object Types.. b Click New Building. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). 2. In large projects. Create a path structure. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. d Click New Story. Click Tools > Model Organizer. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. See also Organizing the model (p. b Click New Object Type. You can also create subtypes for object types. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. 2.. To make it easier to view and select parts.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. 3. In the model.. a Right-click Logical Areas. Organizing the model (p. 5.. In the model. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. In Model Organizer. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. Create object type categories.

do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Drag the category to another location. 1. Drag the objects to another category. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. To show all objects again. To show all objects again. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 2. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. 2. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. See also Organizing the model (p. 3. Select the objects in the model. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. 2. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 1. See also Organizing the model (p. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 1. 2. Right-click and select Remove from Category. 1. 2. Select the new area in the model. 3.

c Phases (p. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. 3. Right-click and select Delete. 4. Organizing the model (p. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. You can create reports and views. 3.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . select the objects. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. When a part of the model is completed. and then click Modify phase. Click Tools > Phase Manager.. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. 5. 3. the columns. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. 2. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. 171) Custom phase properties (p. First create a basic model that includes. For example. Click OK to save your changes. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. Click Add to create new phases.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase.. hide objects. 4. a To identify the phase of an object. This is phase 1.. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. and copy objects from other models. Click OK to confirm. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. etc. according to their phase number. select a phase from the list. Divide the model into phases. for example. 2. From now on... Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. You then copy this basic model to all users. select an object and click Phases by objects.).. 167) 7.

If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. and the field_format must be %d.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. none. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. no. 3. For example.inp file. To use phase properties in reports and templates. If you click Yes. 6. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence.0") 2. Type a name for the sequence. and so on. a Open the objects. You can define several sequences for different purposes. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences.inp file. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. The first part gets the sequence number 1. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 173) Deleting a sequence (p. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. To finish adding parts to the sequence.inp file in any standard text editor. "0. use the syntax PHASE. 4. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. "%d". "My Info 1". b In the Part attributes section. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. MY_INFO_1. The value_type must be integer. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model.0". 171) 7. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. 5. integer.inp file. See also Phases (p. Creating a sequence (p. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. d Restart Tekla Structures. For example. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. Click Apply.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. add a new user-defined attribute. To create a new sequence: 1. c Save the file. "0. the second part number 2.

If the sequence changes.. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. Select a part. Select a sequence name from the list. For example. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. Modify the sequence number. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. MY_INFO_1. Click User-defined attributes. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. 2. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. 3.. 2. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1.See also Sequences (p. Click Modify. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . Click Tools > Sequencer. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. To finish adding parts to the sequence. See also Sequences (p.. 4. you must redefine the whole sequence. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. See also Sequences (p. To check the sequence of a part: 1. 2.. 3. Click OK or Apply. 4. 5. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.. For example: See also Sequences (p.

When you define lots. 3. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. 5. and material of the part. 2. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. To view the properties of a part.2. With this information. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. Sequences (p. Click Properties. 175) Deleting a lot (p. 172) 7. 4. Click Add.. to display the Lot Properties dialog box.. length. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. the weight is based on the size. However. For example. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. In that case. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. Click Delete and then click Yes. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. 175) Sequences (p.. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. See also Select a sequence name from the list. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. in a ten-cubic-yard truck).. 3. See also Creating a lot (p. For example. 6. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. See also Lotting (p. For most model parts. Type a lot number in the Number field. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p.

Click OK to close the dialog box. When you hold down Shift. Click Apply selected. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. 4. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. Select an existing lot from the list. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot.. 2. 3. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. 2. If you simply select parts. When you re-open the dialog box. 4. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click Properties. To add parts to a lot: 1. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. 3. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Lotting (p. 3. 5. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. 4. Select an existing lot from the list. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. 5. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Click Delete. Lotting (p.. 2. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. See also Lotting (p. Select an existing lot from the list. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Click Apply selected.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots.

7. or relationships. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. between model objects. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. such as the name of a column. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . including its geometry. Variables can define fixed properties. the column follows. For example. They can also include formulas. Create dependencies. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. location and relationship to other parts. so that when you move the wall. such as a beam or column.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p.. 2. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. 53) 7. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. 176) Parametric profiles (p. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. the Sketch Browser. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor..See also Parametric modeling (p. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. and how to use them in a model. and the Variables dialog box. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p.. Open a Tekla Structures model.

and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. tree-like structure. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. constraints. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . dimensions. circles. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. arcs. and vice versa.See also Sketch Browser (p. 182) Variables (p.

Lines. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None.. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. arcs. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Variables can define fixed properties.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. 1=Line . or they can include formulas. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 .. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. or 2) and thickness of the sketch. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. 1.

184) Sketching an arc (p. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. Open the cross section sketch editor. To sketch a polyline: 1. 2. arcs. See also Sketching a polyline (p. Ensure that you create a closed shape. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. and circles. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. such as a cold rolled section. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. 4. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. Pick points to create each line segment. 185) Sketching a circle (p.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points.

Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). Open the cross section sketch editor. 2. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). 2. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. Open the cross section sketch editor. Pick three points to define the arc. 4. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. To sketch a circle: 1. To sketch an arc: 1.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 .

create 90 degree angles. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. Select another line in the sketch (2). To add a parallel constraint: 1.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. and add chamfers in corners. Select a line in the sketch (1). 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. you can still rotate the profile in the model. close the shape. For example. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. 3. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. force lines to meet. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. To straighten the entire profile. Before you start. you can straighten lines. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. Although the shape is locked. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints.

The lines do not have to intersect. 3. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. if they are within a certain distance of each other.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select a line in the sketch (1). 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . Before you start. by extending or shortening one or both lines. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. The lines do not have to intersect. Select another line in the sketch (2). Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool.

To add a horizontal constraint: 1. 2). (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Pick the end of the second line. 2. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.1. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 3. Before you start. To add a fixed constraint: 1. See also Select a line in the sketch. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. Pick the end of the first line (1). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. 4. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

4. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click Refresh. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. To add a vertical constraint: 1. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. 3. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select the constraint you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2). Before you start. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser.

You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. Select the arc or circle. To add a radial dimension: 1. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. In the following example. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. Before you start. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. if you create the dimension marked in red. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section.

Select the second line (2). Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. To add an angle dimension: 1. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. 3. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. Select the first line (1). 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. between two points you pick.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. 3.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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Click to show the connection positioning planes. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Click Modify. Change the Value field. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . 3. Select the connection positioning planes. 3. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. To revert to the default positioning planes. 3. Click to show the part positioning planes. 2. Select the part positioning planes. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 2. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. 4. 4.

You cannot include numbers. 2. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. Type a name in the Prefix field. To save a sketched cross section. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. special characters. Click Save sketch . or blank spaces in the cross section name. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. Click Save sketch as . Click Save sketch . and then click OK. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. for example. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. 2. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 5. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Type a new name in the Prefix field. and then click OK. Update an existing cross section 1.4.bin file. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.db1 file. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. 2. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb.

Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. 6. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. 5. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. 7. you can create rounded cross section corners.. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. 5. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. such as a cold rolled section. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. For example. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Double-click an object to modify its properties. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. See also next to their name. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. 3. 2. 4. Modify the object properties. Click Modify. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 2. To modify a chamfer: 1. 4. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 .. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. Close the object properties dialog box. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer.

or 2) after =. sketch an open polyline. depending on the extrusion type.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. In the Formula column. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. In the Sketch Browser. P1). The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. P1) after =. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. or symmetrically in both directions. define the default value for the parameter variable. outwards. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 2. 4. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. 3. the profile grows inwards. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 1. In the cross section sketch editor. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. Type the value of the thickness after =. When you change the thickness. b Type the extrusion type number (0. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes.

you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. Click OK to apply the changes. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. 6. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. See also For concrete parts. If you have applied constraints correctly. click the Select.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . button next to the Profile field. 5. • For steel parts.. Pick points to place the part in the model. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. click the button next to the Shape field. 2. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. • 3. you are ready to use it in the model. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. 4. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 7. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p.

201) Creating a screenshot (p. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p.bmp. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image.. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. 5. mysketch. 4. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. Open the cross section sketch editor. 2.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. for example Microsoft Paint. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. 3. Use the cross section name as the filename. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.uel).. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. for example. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the .bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. Save the image in bmp format in the .

from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. Select Sketched profiles from the list.uel). Click OK. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. By default. In the Import Components dialog box. 8. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. select Sketched profiles from the list box. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from.. Right-click and select Export. Select the cross sections you want to export. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. 4. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. browse for the folder.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. To automatically import all *. To use profiles from a model. 5. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting.. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. right-click and select Import. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. 7. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 6.. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. you need to import both the cross section and profile. To export several cross sections. or copy the profdb. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. 4. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . 7. from the pop-up menu. To import sketched cross sections: 1.bin file. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. In the component list. 3. In the Export Components dialog box. 3. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. 5. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. 2. Click OK. 6. Select the file to import. 2.. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it.

207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. Open the cross section sketch editor. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. At this stage. Finally. 2. When you use the profile in the model. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. you will use the cross section in a model. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. After that.

189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 4.3. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 181) Sketching a polyline (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p.

and 3. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 5. 198) Variables (p. Save the cross section. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . h2. and h2. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. enter the following values for the distances: 4. In the Variables dialog box. command to create the distances h1. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1.2. h1.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. In the Variables dialog box. and then enter =P1.00. select Show. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. d In the Label in dialog box box. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. 183) Sketch Browser (p. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. b In the Formula box. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. enter Chamfer. 2. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. b In the Formula box. In the Sketch Browser. Variables (p. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. See also Save the cross section. enter 10. c In the Visiblity box. 2. b Right-click ExtrusionType. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 3. do the following: . 3. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. c In the Visiblity box. select Show.00. d In the Label in dialog box box. enter 20. In the Variables dialog box. a Right-click Thickness.1. enter Thickness. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers.

198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 2. 5. For concrete parts. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. b Right-click Chamfer X. 199) Variables (p. Pick points to place the part in the model. and select the CSHAPE profile. • 3.4. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree.. button next to the Profile field. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab.. 6. 5. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. click the Select. 4. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. and then enter =P2. • For steel parts. click the button next to the Shape field. Open the Select Profile dialog box. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. Click OK to apply the changes. In the Sketch Browser. See also Save the cross section. 183) Sketch Browser (p.

See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 . 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

211) View settings (p. 215) Part properties (p. See also Grid properties (p. 217) Detail properties (p. 211) Grid line properties (p. 212) Point properties (p. 227) Numbering settings (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 212) Rotation settings (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 233) 8. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 213) Color settings (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 214) Screenshot settings (p.

212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line.. Select to bind objects to the grid line. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. and z directions (x and y are relative. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. See also X . Select to bind objects to grid lines. y. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Grid lines (p. y..grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. and z directions. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. Grids (p..grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line. z is absolute). Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. Option Phase The phase number.. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above.

Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors.Option Id The ID number.Rotate and Move . Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. Indicates the correct location of the point. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. y. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. You can filter objects by their ID numbers. and z coordinates of a point. All parts are colored according to their Class property.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. Coordinates See also Points (p. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. Option As is The current color is used. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. See also Object representation settings (p. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. which is used in log files. The rotation angle between the original and new position. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. Defines the number of copies created. The local (work plane) and global x.

There are limitations to pixel density. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Sets the line width. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. Option As is The current visibility. the settings will be read from that object group. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. The height of the screenshot. Object representation settings (p. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Object is not shown in the views... The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Saves the screenshot to a file. The Options. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Object is transparent in rendered views. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups.

216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. See also View properties (p. 124) 8. Which object group is displayed in the view. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. as do text and points. The appearance of the model in the view. Visible object group Object group. In addition.. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones.. 215) Display settings (p. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. See also Views (p. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . rotate the model.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. The projection type of rendered views. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). You can zoom.. the zoom remains on part surfaces. When you zoom. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. Display. text and point size remains the same. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. Opens the Object Group .View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups.. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. 215) Grid view properties (p.. Rotation is view-specific. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings.. or fly through it.See also Creating a screenshot (p.

or large parts of it. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts.. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. This name overrides the name in the view properties. and nuts as solids. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name.. no prefix is used. Exact displays the cuts. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model.g. Each view plane has its own view properties. e. This option increases display speed significantly. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. PLAN +3000. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. The Show. but skips cuts. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. Exact shows bolts. Some of these settings may affect system performance. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. Reference line shows parts as sticks. when viewing the entire model. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. See also Creating grid views (p. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . button displays the current view properties. If the View name prefix field is left empty. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. washers. None does not create any views. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties.

Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. See also Steel column properties (p. Exact shows holes as solids.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. 220) Twin profile properties (p. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. 218) Steel beam properties (p. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . This option is only available in wire frame views. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. Point size Defines the size of points in views. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. 218) Contour plate properties (p. 223) Concrete column properties (p. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. 128) 8. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. In view does not increase the point size. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. 221) Pad footing properties (p. 222) Strip footing properties (p. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. When using this option. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). 224) Concrete beam properties (p. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines.

The support conditions of the column ends. The assembly mark series of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. cambering. and shortening of the column. For example. e. The user-definable name of the column. The analysis properties of the column. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. etc. fire retardant coating. The position of the column.prt. The design information of the column. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. relative to its reference point. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. The type of finish. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. with anti-corrosive paint. The horizontal position of the column. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Finish is user-definable. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Warping. and to identify parts of the same type.g. The material of the column. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. Class Used to group columns.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . hot galvanized. relative to its reference point. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. It describes how the part surface has been treated. or curved beam. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. steel polybeam. How the column is rotated around its axis.clm. Creating a steel column (p.

67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam.g. The material of a beam. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. The support conditions of the beam ends. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. with anti-corrosive paint. Warping. The loading properties of the beam. The position of a beam on the work plane. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. etc. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The assembly mark series of the beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The design information of the beam. hot galvanized. e. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. and shortening of the beam. Class Used to group beams. Creating a steel beam (p.cpl. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. and to identify parts of the same type. cambering. The user-definable name of a beam. Finish is user-definable. The analysis properties of the beam. The position of a beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The finish type. For example. fire retardant coating.

and to identify parts of the same type. etc. with anti-corrosive paint. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. and to identify parts of the same type. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. in terms of depth. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The loading properties of the plate. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. for example PL20. The user-definable name of the contour plate. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . For example. The assembly mark series of the beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Creating a contour plate (p. perpendicular to the work plane.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. The format is PL+ thickness. The material of the beam. fire retardant coating. The position of the contour plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. hot galvanized. The analysis properties of the contour plate. The user-definable name of the beam. Profile The profile of the contour plate. Profile Material The profile of the beam.g. The spanning properties of the plate.crs. The finish type. The material of the contour plate. e. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. Finish is user-definable. The design information of the contour plate.

69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam.g. For example. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. The material of the beams. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. fire retardant coating. The user-definable name of the twin profile. Finish is user-definable. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *.Option Finish The finish type. etc. The support conditions of the beam ends. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. e. with anti-corrosive paint. hot galvanized. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. The design information of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. It describes how the part surface has been treated. with anti-corrosive paint. Class Used to group beams. e. and to identify parts of the same type. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. Finish is user-definable. The horizontal position of the beam. relative to its reference point. The position of the beam. hot galvanized.g. etc. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.dia. relative to its reference point. fire retardant coating. The type of finish. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . The analysis properties of the beam.

For example. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. Defines how the profiles are combined. The type of finish. The beam position. The support conditions of the twin profile ends.g. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. relative to the beam’s reference line. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The vertical clearance between the profiles. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. hot galvanized. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing.cpf. Finish is user-definable. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .Option Class Used to group twin profiles. The offsets of the ends of the beam. The vertical position of the pad footing. The design information of the twin profile. etc. and to identify parts of the same type. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. For example. perpendicular to the work plane. Class Used to group pad footings. The material of the pad footing. with anti-corrosive paint. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. e. fire retardant coating. in terms of depth. The analysis properties of the twin profile. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. relative to its reference point. Creating a twin profile (p.

fire retardant coating. For example. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The type of finish. hot galvanized. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. Finish is user-definable. etc. with anti-corrosive paint. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. Creating a pad footing (p. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. The analysis properties of the strip footing. relative to its reference point. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. e. and to identify parts of the same type.csf. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. Class Used to group strip footings.g. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. The material of the strip footing. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing.

with anti-corrosive paint. The design information of the column. cambering and shortening of the column. and to identify parts of the same type.g. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. Creating a strip footing (p.ccl. e. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. How much the column is rotated around its axis. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. The support conditions of the column ends. Warping. The material of the column. fire retardant coating.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. etc. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. The type of finish. Creating a concrete column (p. For example. Class Used to group columns. Finish is user-definable. hot galvanized. The design information of the footing. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Define the cast unit series of the column. The analysis properties of the column. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. It describes how the part surface has been treated.

you can display parts of different classes in different colors. relative to its reference line.cbm. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. The material of the beam. Warping. and to identify parts of the same type. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. Creating a concrete beam (p. cambering and shortening of the beam. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. e.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. Finish is user-definable. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane.g. Define the cast unit series of the beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. hot galvanized. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The type of finish. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. For example. The loading properties of the beam. The offsets of the ends of the beam. fire retardant coating. The design information of the beam. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. The analysis properties of the beam. Class Used to group beams.csl. etc. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . The beam position on the work plane. with anti-corrosive paint.

Class Used to group slabs. It describes how the part surface has been treated. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. For example. hot galvanized. The type of finish. with anti-corrosive paint. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Creating a concrete slab (p. The design information of the slab.cpn. hot galvanized. perpendicular to the work plane. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall).Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The analysis properties of the slab. The material of the slab. and to identify parts of the same type. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. Define the cast unit series of the slab. Class Used to group panels. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. etc. The position of the slab. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . fire retardant coating. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel.g. fire retardant coating. The spanning properties of the slab. The material of the panel. Finish is user-definable. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. etc. For example. and to identify parts of the same type. in terms of depth.g. e. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. with anti-corrosive paint. The type of finish. e. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. The loading properties of the slab. Finish is user-definable.

Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. The loading properties of the panel. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. 229) Weld types (p. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. The offsets of the ends of the panel. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Define the cast unit series of the panel. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. Bolt assembly standard/grade. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. The analysis properties of the panel. 227) Weld properties (p. See also Bolt properties (p. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. The design information of the panel. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. Creating a concrete panel (p. relative to its reference line. The position of the panel. The spanning properties of the panel. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. 81) 8. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel.

Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. For example. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. Zero for a round hole. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. Bolt spacing. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. depending on the bolt group shape. Zero for a round hole. In the illustration below. group diameter. x allowance of a slotted hole. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Extra length Additional bolt length. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. Bolt spacing. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. If the bolt connects several parts. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. y allowance of a slotted hole. in both directions from the bolt group plane. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. or co-ordinate. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces.g. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. -150). number.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. depending on the bolt group shape. enter a negative value for cut length (e. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. Tolerance = Hole diameter . or coordinate.e.

Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. 93). but does not display it drawings. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. 231). Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . The angle of weld preparation. bevels. Bolts (p. Dy. relative to the current work plane. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. not in drawings. Type Angle See Weld types (p. Tekla Structures creates the weld. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. For example.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. or groove. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. The size of the weld. At depth Dx.

Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. for example. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. 92). for example. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. For example. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. See Weld position (p. 72). Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. for example 50–100. information about the weld specification or process. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. The space between the welded parts. To create a non-continuous weld. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. To change the separator to @. defining the start and end points of the weld. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used.

Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Defines the process type. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Defines the electrode strength. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Welds (p.

Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. Use these fields. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. The name of the chamfer. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. to give plates varying thicknesses. See also Chamfering part corners (p. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. for example. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. The dimensions of the chamfer.

and the shape is angled. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). 234) Control number settings (p. and the shape is straight. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. and the shape is straight. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. 107) 8. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. See also Chamfering part edges (p. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. The shape and position of the second end point. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. All information on previous numbers is lost. The shape and position of the first end point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. See also General numbering settings (p.

the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. The orientation of columns affects numbering. See Assembly position numbers (p. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. Numbering objects (p. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. size. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. and number of holes affects numbering. The part name affects numbering. and save sequence. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. numbering. 157). Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. The orientation of beams affects numbering. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location.

Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. If some welds have been removed. Defines the interval between two control numbers. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . No keeps the existing control numbers. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Control numbers (p. See also Numbering objects (p. Needed only with the By numbering series option. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

238) Modeling identical areas (p. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 239) Right-hand rule (p. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 241) 9. 237) Part positioning tips (p.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. 2. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . 240) Cutting efficiently (p. See also Defining default part properties (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings.

and object groups.3. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. For a project that has several identical floors. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . For example. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. then copying them throughout the model. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. Click Load to load the properties. This can useful when creating view filters. for example. 6. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. try modeling an entire floor. or an object group. from simple frames to entire floors. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. Save time by modeling these areas once. To stop copying or moving objects. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. Start the Move or Copy command. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. enter BEAM. selection filters. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. c Enter the values you want to use. create an empty view or selection filter. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. 5. Depending on the project. when creating grids and levels in a new model. then copying it to several levels. Click Save as to save the set of properties. To use a default set of part properties. b Select an object. 3. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. In the box next to the Save as button. 7. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. 4. For example. The dialog box remains open on the screen. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. Before you start. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. enter a name for the set of properties. 2.

to open the Select date dialog box. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. select the review date. click Select from model. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. Click Add row.To select values from the model: 1. In the Value list box. 2. 2. 2. To select a date. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. Views (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . select one of the options. 132) Creating a visualization (p. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles.. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. When you hold the thumb. You can either select a date from the calendar. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. • See also Use the Page Up. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. Page Down and arrow keys. Open the Background color in model editor document. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. and then select one of the options.. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. With Xmouse active. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. a b To select an object property. click Select date. 3. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. Download and install the application. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers.. 4.. or define the number of days before or after the review date. To activate a view. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. and the middle finger the z axis. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. and then select an object. the index finger the y axis. you can use the Xmouse option. 3. index finger.

. especially in components. the cut is more likely to succeed. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. • • • • If a cut fails. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. 2.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. use polygon cuts. Cuts (p. Clear the Cuts check box. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines.3 mm). 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. to open the Display dialog box. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. Click Display. Click Modify..3 mm outside of the part planes. See also Cuts (p. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. 3. Note that after creating the polygon. 4. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. If the component fails. Try to position the cut at least 0. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. To locate the failure in the model. For example.

Hold down Z. move the part handles. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. See also Modifying part length (p. 2. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. This can cause shop errors. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. move the part handles. It can cause problems with connections and details.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. 2. Hold down F. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. or use the Fit Part End command. Click a row that contains an ID number. To lengthen a part. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. Click a row that contains an ID number. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view.

do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. Creating a single grid line (p. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. 57) Fittings (p. y directions). you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. 40) Points (p. Use construction planes. pick positions from left to right. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. always pick points in the same direction. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. Create points. For example. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . such as beams.See also Part position (p. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. lines and circles. and from bottom to top (in positive x.

...........105 edge chamfers.................... 67..................67 warping...........................82 adding objects ............................................... 74 numbering ................................................ 15 views ............ 39 4D tool.... 72 attaching parts............... 79................................................. 74 changing the main assembly...............73................................................................................................ 86....................................................................... 76 highlighting ..........................................................................................................174 numbering .............87 bolt group shape....................72 clash checking.............................................................................................................82 creating.............................. 174 nested assemblies ...................................................................88 a absolute coordinates .............................................................. 227 bolt group position .............................................................................. 225 concrete polybeams ..........................................................................................................................82 cast unit type ...83 lotting................................................................................ 71 examples.................................................... 71.............................115 concrete beams..............157 removing objects ......................................................................... 143 arcs......................................65 bolts ....................................................................................... 149 creating .83 cast units .........................................Index # 3D models.................................................................................. 75 comparing ..........79 curved beams..............................................................88 bolt spacing .............................................................81 adding non-concrete objects ............69 steel beams ...............................................................113 bending..................................................................................................................................... 76 exploding............................. 157 removing objects ................................................................................................................................................................... 30 angle dimensions ....................................................................................199 b background color changing....................................143 bolting sub-assemblies.......104 corner chamfer dimensions .................................... 75 showing and hiding ...............................................................83 casting direction .............................................................................................................. 88 modifying ....................148 creating..................................... 131 sub-assemblies ..... 70 adding objects .......... 75 lotting.......................................... 85................................ 135 beams cambering....................................................................................107 in sketches ..............................68 orthogonal beams.............................................105 corner chamfer types............................. 117 c cambering parts..83 top-in-form face ...........................105 corner chamfers ........... 75 changing the main part.......................86 bolt offsets ...73............115 cast in place............... 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. see visualizing project status .......................................................................................................................................................... 71 using welds to create assemblies .............................................................................................................................................. 191 angles...............84 chamfering..................................... 75 joining.....................................................................................................84 changing the main part............ 23 examples..........82 exploding ............................................................ 185 assemblies ............................................83 highlighting .......... 218 steel polybeams ...................................... 71 using bolts to create assemblies ....................................

117 comparing parts or assemblies...144 colors .................... 78................................................................................................................................................188 parallel ............ 224 steel columns...........................28 copying hints and tips.......................................... 159 settings .............................239 grid color.................133 object representation settings..........................................186 perpendicular ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................148 changing priority ................................................................................ 149 bolts .. 145..77 beams ...................................104........................238 object groups ... 158..................................................................197 checking the model.189 construction objects ........55 background color ......................................................................................................... 224 pad footings ...............................................................................................................136 corner chamfers ....................... 146.... 78.....142 circles.....................187 deleting ...........213 finding RGB values.....................40 construction circles .................................................... 218 combining parts ....... 69.......................... 225 cast units.......................167 clip planes............................ 116...............................................................................................189 fixed ..............149 components showing and hiding.........23 background color examples. 28..............................135 project status visualizations ........................................................146 sessions....................................................235 coordinates coordinate system.................. 225 strip footings ............................84 columns . 219 control numbers ............. 223 warping .......146 managing results .............147 list of clashes ..........................81 casting direction......................... 78.........................147 symbols .................... 222 panels ......................... 31 columns concrete columns .........................................................................23 color settings .187 colliding objects ............132 concrete parts ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 232 types and dimensions .... 51...................................................................... 146 clash checking ..........................................147 changing status .........................................................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..........................113 constraints....................................... 144.....40 contour plates ............. 81.........................................................................................124 coincident contraints .............41 construction lines ...................185 Clash Check Manager ........ 105............. 78............................... 145........................................79 slabs .....................................................186 coincident................41 construction planes.....68...................................................... 66........................... 55 classifying information .. 80.188 horizontal ...................................................................................................146 class......................................................................................................................................... 79............................................187 vertical ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 226 polybeams ......checking sketched cross sections ..........................

......................................................................................................... 160 steel beams.................................... 41 construction lines ...................................................................63 erection schedules.............................193 horizontal......171 object types ....................................68............................................... 110............................................................ 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor.......................................76 background colors ............................................. 71 tile patterns................................................. 41 construction planes .........................................................creating assemblies .... 134 object type categories ....................................... 165 tile pattern definition ...................................................................... 78 project status visualizations ...................... 91......................190 radial........................................ 111 d deleting logical areas ................................................................................................. 80 standard-part models ................................... 139 erection sequences ............190 vertical ................ 32 grid views ... 74 object groups...... 169 orthogonal beams ........ 67 storys...........................................................................................................................139 visualizing project status .......................65.......................... 71 bolts........................................................ 163............................. 80 construction circles.....................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section. 184 slabs...............................................119 examples assemblies ...................... 38 grids ............ 78 sub-assemblies ....................................................... 168 sequences...216 distances measuring........................................................................................................................143 dividing models............................................................................................................................................. 86 cast units .......................................... 168 strip footings................... 104................................... 109.................................... 90 logical areas ........................................................................................ 168 lots................. 68 fittings..........................240 line cuts ................................... 88 sketched cross sections ..............204 defining erection schedules.......................... 136 screenshots..... 66 steel polybeams ...23 creating object groups .................48 dimensions angle.................................... 137........................................................... 78 concrete panels................................................ 68 Custom Inquiry ...............136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ............ 100 twin profiles ................................227 DGN supported objects ..... 181 sketching cross sections ............ 79 concrete slabs .........................171 e edge chamfers........................................................................................................... 70 views .......................... 181 curved parts..........................................................................................................................................................162.................. 124 sections ................................................109 hints and tips .................................................191 deleting from a sketch .............................. 35 welds ............................................. 69 pad footings.......................................127 cuts .......................70.......................................................................................... 111 part cuts...................................................................................................................................................................................... 16 nested assemblies .........................................................................................................................................127 modifying contents ............................ 93......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................192 in sketching ..................................... 81 concrete polybeams ......................................................... 79 concrete columns ......................................................................................171 detail properties ....................192 display settings ............ 109............................................................................................................................................................................... 172 single bolts ............................................. 164... 132 object representation settings ...........137 creating object representation settings.................131 examining the model .........191 between two points............ 174 models......................................................................................... 112 polygon cuts ..........................................................101 visualizing erection schedules................................138 creating project status visualization settings .................................................................126 adding attributes....... 108 grid lines................... 30 holes........................... 232 end offsets ......171 exact lines.............89................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 82 clip planes ..................137 numbering .. 69 curved beams... 124 concrete beams........................................................... 107............................................................... 40 contour plates......................................... 67 steel columns ....

.....................................................................................................................................................29 properties..........192 horizontal position ...............62 i identical areas...........................32 deleting ............................................33 modifying ............................................................................................................................................................................45 hints and tips....................31 origin..............................75 cast units.............................84 unselected parts ...........................................................56 positioning planes ............................ see tips ......................................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................................108 fixed constraints.................................163 modifying ........................................................145 finding distant objects .....................29 modifying ...............................exploding assemblies............................203 extrusion types............188 flying through model .............................................126 object properties ..................................................................................31 grid color...............................................78.....31 part labels .188 horizontal dimensions ........131 work area ..................................................237 holes ................33 properties...............................27 hiding assemblies..............200 f family numbers ...............................................126 j joining assemblies................................................................................................. 31 line extensions....................................................................................................................240 grid labels .......................64 line cuts.........................................................................................................131 components ......................................28 h handles ........42 sketched cross sections..................................................... 29...................................................................28 grid lines .......................................................195 reference lines ...................116 levels............................................... 28...... 222..................................................................................156 finding clashes ................................................................................................................................26 highlighting assemblies............. 109..................................................83 exporting sketched cross sections .............................................211 work plane grid ........... 111 lines exact .............................................................................153 importing points ............................152 reinforcements ...................................30 creating......................................... 31 labels .........................................75 l lengthening parts ..................................149 fittings ..........................................................................................................................................................30 deleting ...............................................45 selected parts ............57 of positioning planes.................................123 footings .....57 moving ...........................203 inquiring models .........................155 example ............................................. 223 g global coordinate system .......................................................38 properties.....................................130 top-in-form face.. 90 horizontal constraints ..............................................................58 reference models ....................................................................................................................................................................................215 grids coordinates ............................................................................32 creating...................................................................... 89..............................................................................................................................................................238 parts.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................83 reference models ....................................................................................................................76 cast units ..............................212 grid views creating................................................................................................................................132 cut lines.....................................131 local coordinate system .............................

......................................195 using handles ...................................... 123 inquiring............ 175 creating ...................233 m Magnifier.............. 174 adding parts ...................................................161 clearing...............................................................152 numbering settings ................................................................................................132 deleting.................159 numbering series............................ 154..160 user-defined attributes...................................................................... 163........... 241 logical areas ........... 158.. 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)..............................................................................................157 checking and repairing ..................................................................167 viewing ........ 74 numbering.......................................................................................................................................... 176 rendered or plan view?..........................122 positioning planes.................................... 169 o object groups ...... 233......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 saving........................................................................... 15 checking for errors ...................................................................... 174 deleting...132 color settings ...............................................160 control numbers...........................................................................................................153 what affects .........138 object types ................................................................................................................................................................................ 58 Model Editor screen layout.................. 175 removing ......................................................... 155...................133 example.........................................................133 creating.........................................................................................153 modifying ..................137 transparency settings ..... 16 dividing into phases......... 143 angles.................................................................................162...... 169 object types ..............................................................................126 object representation settings...... 171 examining.............................152 identical reinforcements ...................... 73......... 142 creating .......................135 example.......................................... 143 distances ............................................. 159 examples .............. 17 viewing ........................................................................................................................................................................... 151 organizing....... 167 rotating .........................................................................................................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 ........................................................................................................ 168 viewing ................................ 122 numbering ....... 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position .......................................172 series............................. 143 bolt spacing .... 238 parametric modeling...........133 copying .........135 creating... 153............ 175 moving hints and tips ............................................................ 165 family numbers ................................................................................213 copying to another model ............................... 167 modeling hints and tips ............................................................................................ 151..................... 114 models about 3D models . 156 about numbering ........ 164.............log files viewing ....................................................................................................................................... 163 history...... 120 materials............................................157 sequences .............................. 156 settings ...................................238 models in a view...........................................................................................................................................................167................................................................................ 119 flying through model............................................... 234.........134 deleting............................................................................157 cast units ..................................................................................... 235 standard-part model .......214 object property report templates........................................................ 170 lotting.............................................................................................151 assemblies .. 126 moving............................. 21 Model Organizer........161 identical parts ..................................... 237 identical areas .......................................................................... 119 zooming..................... 54 measuring objects .......154 preliminary numbers...... 156................57 n nested assemblies..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 modifying logical areas .158 reinforcements........

.............................................................................167 orthogonal beams ........................................................ 145 defining visibility....116 lotting ...........................................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .........................................................17 organizing the model .............................126 measuring....................................70 bending ............113 perpendicular constraints....................................................74 assemblies.........................187 phases .........................................................164 plane views ................................................................................................... 78......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................241 numbering...................................................................................................................116 comparing .........................128 finding distant objects ................................212 importing ................171 in numbering .......................................................................................................... 154.................115 lengthening in drawings ....................................................................242 identical parts.......................115 shortening in drawings....................................................................................................156 placing objects in model ................................................................242 positioning .......56 lengthening .....................................objects clash checking ..........................................212 properties..174 material .............212 polybeams..............................................56 part properties........242 showing and hiding......................................................................................42 coordinates .....................................................................................52 position .............186 parametric modeling ................................................... 67........................93 polylines ...............52 properties...............156 views....................................................................................................................51 sequences ..............................39 points ....................................................................................53 part add................................... 109...................131 splitting.......117 part labels ....65 cambering ...........................................................56 showing and hiding....................................................122 parallel constraints...................................................................81 panning ............ 173 shortening ...................................................................................................................................................217 parts adding to assembly............................................................................................................... see attaching parts ............... 79 polygon cuts.................................................. 144..................................................... 57...........112 polygon welds .........................................52 combining ..........149 concrete parts .........................................................................66 user-defined attributes .115 changing the material .....176 profiles .............................................................................................................143 numbering...........................................................................................................................................90 p pad footings ............................................................................131 showing with exact lines ............................54 changing the profile ..........................................................220 overlapping numbering series ................................54 modifying part length ................152 labels .... 110............................................................................116 showing only selected parts............... 222 panels ............237 hiding ........77 cutting with another part .................... 58 profiles .........130 horizontal parts ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................55 warping .............63 opening models ........................................................239 oversized holes..................................................................117 steel parts .....................128 offsets ...................................................................... 172.............................. 111 polygon shapes.....42 phase and ID .............. 112 default properties ......176 parametric profiles .......................................................................................................................149 inquiring properties ....... 156 part types ...........................................................................

......................................... 237 r radial dimensions ........30 rendered views .............157 relative coordinates ..............................................................57......................................... 94 printing screenshots................................. 53 project status visualizations.......................................... 190 radius................197 to old clash checking functionality ..............................................58 round holes......................................................................................................................................45 highlighting ..................................................128 repairing numbering errors ........................................................................ 65 depth .... 47 selecting ..................... 63 horizontal............................. 125 priority in clash checking............................................. 158 preparing parts for welding............45 inserting......................................................................................44 selecting ............................................................................45 viewing layers...................... 193 handles.........................................................80 s saving models.. 53 weld size prefix............................................. 65 redrawing views.................................................. 52 parametric ........28 reverting to default positioning planes....... 70 user-defined ......................................69 slabs .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................198 screen layout in Model Editor ....153 numbering ....................... 136 example.................................................................................................121 parts ....... 53 separators ......................................................................................................................126 reports viewing .............................................................239 rotating models..................... 59 vertical.......................................................................................57 refreshing views................................................................................................................................................................. 136 deleting....................................... 138 properties default ....................... 53 sketched profiles ........................................................................................... 53 twin profiles ............................................48 supported DGN objects ........................... 176 prefixes..............144 hiding............36 representation options...........................................................................................................................................................45 viewing changes..............................................128 restoring default work plane ..............................................................................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 . 62 levels .......................161 report templates for inquiring object properties ................................................................................................................................................................................. 195 reverting to default .............................. 60 end offsets............................46 reference points.................................. 61 positioning planes.......................................................213 rotation angle knob ..... 147 profiles................................................... 59 rotation .........136............................................................................................................................. 135 copying..................................................................................... 196 moving.....................53..........89 plates...................................................................................... 93 preliminary numbers........................59 rotation settings .................................................................................................................................39 reinforcements identical ...................................................................................................... 201 standard .........................................................149 RGB values ......................................position bending ..................................239 right-hand rule ..............................................................48 updating............................................................................... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes..................................................241 representation options ................... 58 reference model objects .... 136 creating .........................45 splitting into reference objects.........................................................17 sketched cross sections ...................................................................................................................43 clash checking................................................................................................ 39 reference lines...................................... 64 on the work plane............................................................................................................................................................................. 48 reference models...................................................44 modifying properties ........................

.............................................................................184 positioning planes ................32 single-part welds ..................................................................................................................160 status in clash checking ................................232 detail properties .....185 creating .........................................................................................173 creating.............88 single grid lines .................................124 in Windows Vista ........................................................................................................................................................222 part properties ................................56 parts with exact lines ........................................... 202...215 weld properties ....227 display settings .......................................204 exporting .....26 single bolts ........................................48 reference models..........238 selection dial .............185 chamfers .........................229 shifting the work plane .............................199 using in models............. 196 profiles ................58 top-in-form face...............118 standard profiles ....................................................195 reference lines ..........................................................215 numbering settings ..........................................131 components .....125 settings ............225 concrete column properties ...............................224 concrete panel properties .....................................................................................................184 creating images ..............................................................................................................219 corner chamfer properties .............211 grid view properties ......................................................................................214 steel beam properties ......................................197 circles.........................................................................................................183 slabs....................................................................131 positioning planes ........116 showing assemblies.................................................80 warping .57 snapshots.........................................................181 sketched cross sections.......................................................................................................................218 steel column properties ...186 adding dimensions.........................................................................................................................................213 screenshot settings......................................................................................................................173 modifying ................................................172 adding parts................................................................................. 235 orthogonal beam properties..................................216 edge chamfer properties......201 refining the shape ........190 arcs ...............................................................90 snapping to middle points...............................................211 grid line properties ........................ 202.....................................................................115 shortening parts in drawings ..........................................................181 adding constraints........................................223 twin profile properties ..238 reference model objects .................. 234....................................................................................................................................................................................233.............................................124 splitting parts............193..........................................................................221 view properties .........................217 point properties.....................................173 inquiring ..........172 deleting .......................................................................................................................227 concrete beam properties.................................................................................................................45 values from model .........215 view settings ........................................... 118 plates and slabs.....................................147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......212 rotation settings .......................173 settings bolt properties...................................................................................................................................................................201 variables ...........125 printing............................................................53 standard-part models .............220 pad footing properties........................................201 example .........198 polylines........................................ 203 modifying ..........screenshots creating.......................232 general modeling settings........................................................58 sequences .........................84 views.................................................. 117............... 194.............................. 114 slotted holes................182 sketch editor......................................................................................................................................................................................................................212 grid properties.....27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .......................... see screenshots .........38 work area ..........200 importing ..................................................................................................214 sections...........168 selecting dates from model..............................................................................................................................................125 saving in bitmap format ..218 strip footing properties ........................................241 shortening and lengthening parts .............................................240 parts labels ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................186 saving ............................................................................................................................226 concrete slab properties .94 Sketch Browser................................................225 contour plate properties..........................132 cut lines..............................................................................................................199 checking....................198 sketch thickness ..... 113....................... 203 extrusion types.............................

................161 object types ..................... 220 polybeams...........................................................35 opening...21 user-defined attributes....................................... 100 pattern definition example .................................................................................................................. 219 curved beams.................................. 68............................................................................ 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 .............................................................................................................................................................. 69..............................................215 refreshing ....... 97 on chamfered parts ................... 97 on parts with openings and recesses....... 241 placing objects .............................36 moving.......................... 98 on selected areas............238 variables in parametric modeling ....................69.................................................................................................. 221 storys............................................ 239 modeling identical areas .............................................................35 view planes...................................................... 242 cutting efficiently.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 surface treatment ...170 sequence numbers.............................38 modifying ........173 views....................39 creating................................................ 242 right-hand rule ..........................61 view depth ........................................................................................ 218 columns............................................................53 v values selecting from model ...................................... 70.......38 naming............................... 221 u user interface in Model Editor .... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern . 72 welding to existing assembly.. 66 assemblies ..................................39 closing .........................................................................................................36 view types..................................39 switching between views ...........170 models...........38 overlapping.................................................................................................................. 237 finding RGB values for colors....................................................189 vertical dimensions ................................................84 transparency settings ........................................ 39 top-in-form face .....67........................36 visibility of objects................................................................... 70 beams ............................................................................................ 97 tiled surface treatment.. 67 twin profiles ..................70..................................................... 97 on part face .............................................. 239 selecting values from model.................................................................................................... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .............................................................................................................................. 239 copying and moving efficiently ................................................136 t testing sketched cross sections ................ 99 modifying................176 in sketching .............183 vertical constraints..................................... 95 adding ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 104 tips activating overlapping views .....................................128 visualizing project status.....................................................................................215 viewing logical areas ....................................................................................................................................................239 properties ...............................................................39 temporary ..................37 view settings ......192 vertical position.......................................33 arranging ........................... 240 defining default part properties........................128 view planes..... 100 creating new tile patterns ............................................................................................ 238 creating horizontal parts..............................................................................................................................steel parts................66....... 124 numbering history..........96. 218 contour plates..................................... 119..................................55 in numbering.................................................... 96 creating new surface treatments ....................................................................................................... 223 sub-assemblies ...................... 71 bolting to existing assembly ................................................................................................................... 197 tiled surface treatment..............35 deleting...................................... 168 strip footings ..... 238 modifying part length...... 100 switching between views ........................................................ 68 orthogonal beams .................................................. 98 on cut faces............................................ 103 pattern elements .......................................... 101 pattern definitions.....................................78............................................................................... 96 on all faces of part...214 twin profiles.........153 user-defined profiles ...................

....120 zoom settings.94 weld position.......................................27 restoring........................................36 work area ..............................................................................120 with keyboard shortcuts .............91 creating....................26 hiding .......................................................26 work plane.........................................91............................................................................................................. 113............................................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................................................ 93.................................................................................120 zooming in or out .................................................28 shifting .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 114 welds.............27 workspace in Model Editor........................................ 91..........................................................................113 concrete slabs ........ 25.....72 wire frame views ..............................................................................................w warping beams.......................................................................93 weld types........................ 128 defining . 229 between parts ....................................................................................231 welding sub-assemblies ......120 zoom window ......................................94 weld size prefixes ........................................................................................................21 z zooming using Magnifier ................................... 94 numbering.113 concrete parts...93 single-part welds.......................................92 weld preparation .................................................234 polygon welds......

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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