Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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......................... Showing part reference lines in model views ......................................................................... 66 Assemblies............................................................................................................................................................................................. Assembly hierarchy .............................................................................................. Creating a steel beam ......................................... Parametric profiles ..................................Changing the profile of a part .................................................. Creating a round contour plate ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a contour plate ..... User-defined profiles ............................................................................. 3................................................................................................................................................ User-defined attributes ...................................................................................................... 3.............................................................................. Using welds to create assemblies ....... Modifying the position of a part ................. Standard profiles .... Showing part labels in a view .................. 3.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... End offsets .......................... Position depth .. Using bolts to create assemblies .. Horizontal position ................................................... Adding objects to assemblies................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Part labels .................................. Levels ....................... 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................ Vertical position ............................................................................................. 57 Steel parts........................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a curved beam ....................... Changing the material of a part ................................................................................................................. 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Creating an assembly........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a steel polybeam......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Colors ............3 Creating a steel column...................................................................................................................................................................................2 Moving a part using handles ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a twin profile.......................................................................... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ............................................................................... Adding parts to an assembly .................................................................................................................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ...................................................................................................................... Creating an orthogonal beam........................................................................................................................................... Materials................................................................................................................... Bending ................................ Position on the work plane .................................... Creating a nested assembly .............................................................................................................................. Creating a sub-assembly ...................................................................................... Rotation .......................................

.......................................... Highlighting objects in an assembly ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 81 4 Detailing Structures ............ Assembly examples ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ..................................... Creating a single bolt ............ Creating a concrete panel ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Changing the cast unit main part ..................................................................................................................................... Defining the cast unit type............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 85 4............................... 3................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Creating round holes.......................................................................................................Joining assemblies .................... Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ............................. Bolt offsets .................................................................................... Showing the top-in-form face ............. Removing objects from a cast unit ..................................... Changing the main assembly ................................................................................................................................ Creating a concrete beam................... Changing the assembly main part ........................... Exploding a cast unit ................................... 3................. 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ............................................................. Exploding an assembly .............................. 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ............................... Creating a concrete polybeam .......................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing...... 4..................................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes................................................................................................ Adding objects to cast units .............................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a round slab ................................................................................................................................................. 85 Creating a bolt group.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a concrete column .........................................................................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit .. 89 Creating slotted holes ................................1 Bolts..................................................... 77 Cast units....................................................................... Bolt group shape ........................................................................................ Changing or adding bolted parts ............. Highlighting objects in a cast unit................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete slab .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Bolt group position ............................................................................................................................... Removing objects from an assembly ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a strip footing ..................... Casting direction .............................................................................................................................................. Defining the casting direction of a part .................................................................

...................................................................................................Creating oversized holes............................................................................................ Weld size prefixes ............................................ Part cuts ................................................................................ 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................................................................................................. 98 Creating new surface treatment options........ 103 Tile pattern elements .................................................. 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ........................................................................................................................................................ 91 Creating a weld between parts.................................................................................................................................................................................... 4..................................................................................................................................................... Polybeam chamfers .. 99 Tiled surface treatment.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Chamfering part edges ............ Warping concrete parts ............................................................................................................................ Fittings.. Line cuts ................................ 104 Chamfers............................................................................................................................3 Welds ......... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses .............. 101 Tile pattern definitions ........................................................................................................................................... 104 4......................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 90 4..................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ........................................................................................... Cutting parts with another part ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Weld position ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 100 Example pattern definition .................. Warping a beam using deformation angles ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Chamfering part corners ................................................................. Cutting parts with a polygon ..........................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ......................................................... Polygon cuts ............................. 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ............................................................................. Modifying the shape of a polygon..................................................................... Manually preparing a part for welding ............................................................................................................. 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ........................................................................................................................... Cuts ............................................................................................................................ 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ......................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment...................... Cutting parts with a line ................................................................................................................................................... Weld preparation ........................................... 100 Creating new tile patterns .................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a polygon weld....................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a weld to a part .......................................................................................................................................... Creating a fitting ...... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ......................................................................................

..................... 118 5 Examining the Model.......................................................... 116 Combining two parts into one............. Using the Custom Inquiry tool .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Shortening a part in drawings ........................................................................................................................................ 118 Splitting a plate or slab............................................................ 119 5........................................................................ 117 Splitting a straight or curved part .......................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Attaching a part to another part.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a screenshot... 4.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 Viewing the model .......................................................................................................................................................................... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ................................................................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ...................................................................................... Cambering parts........................................................................................................................................................................ Showing parts with exact lines .................. 5....... Showing and hiding assemblies.......... Hiding selected parts............................................................................................................................................. 119 Zooming the model ....................... 5............................................ Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ...................... 117 4................................... Zooming with Magnifier .............................................................. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista .............................................................................................................................................. Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ............................... Printing a screenshot .......... Shortening and lengthening parts ............................................................................................................................... Representation options ................................................................2 Inquiring object properties................................................................................................... Cambering a part ............................................................................................ Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab .........3 Defining which objects are displayed ............................................................................................................. Rotating the model ............................. Flying through the model.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Lengthening a part in drawings ........... Modifying the zoom settings ....... Hiding unselected parts........................................................................... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ........................................................................................................................................................ Creating a clip plane .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 126 Showing and hiding objects ........................................ Moving the model....................... 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model ..................................................................7 Splitting parts .......................................................... Object property report templates ................................................................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts..............................................

............................................ 153 User-defined attributes in numbering .................................................2 What is numbering .Showing and hiding components ........................................................................ Measuring distances ............. Copying visualization settings to another model ..................................................... 153 Planning your numbering series............................................ Deleting object representation settings .......................................................................... 152 Identical reinforcements ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Clash Check Manager ..................................................................................... 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ..... 5.............................................................................................. Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ...................................... Example: Creating visualization settings ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ....................................................................................................................................... Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ...... Creating object representation settings ............................. Creating an object group ........................................................................... 151 What affects numbering .......3 Defining numbering series ................................ Example: Creating object groups ............................................................................................. 152 Identical parts .................................................................................4 Creating a visualization .................................................................................................................................................. 153 6............................................. Copying an object group to another model ............................... Example: Defining an erection schedule ................................................................................ Object representation settings............................................................................................................................. 135 Checking the model ................................................................................................................. Measuring angles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting visualization settings ............. Object groups ......................... 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......................................................................................................................... Comparing parts or assemblies..................................................................................... 151 6............................. 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status........... 5................................................. Deleting an object group ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 6............................................ Finding clashes in a model ................................................................................5 Measuring objects .................................................................................................................. Detecting clashes ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Measuring bolt spacing ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Creating object representation settings ........................................................................................................................ Copying object representation settings to another model ........................................................................................................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ............................................................................................................. 142 6 Numbering the Model............................................ Finding distant objects..........................................

........ Assembly position numbers .................. 161 Repairing numbering errors ....................................................................................... Example: Numbering selected part types .........................................................................................................................................................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects............................................ Assigning control numbers to parts ........................................................................................................ Creating object type categories...... Example: Using family numbers........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 171 Dividing the model into phases ............................................................................................................ Deleting logical areas and object type categories........ 172 Creating a sequence ................... 167 Creating logical areas ....................................... Changing numbers....................................................................................................................... Saving preliminary numbers.............................................................................. Modifying the sequence number of a part...... Deleting a sequence .................................................................................................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories............................................................................................................................................................................................................................Family numbers................................................ 162 Example: Numbering identical beams............................................................................................................... Viewing logical areas and object type categories ........ 161 Numbering examples.............................................................................................................. Control numbers............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a standard-part model ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Lotting .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Overlapping numbering series ................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Numbering reinforcements..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 171 7................................ Locking and unlocking control numbers ............................................................. Changing the family number of an object ..................................................................... Assigning family numbers .....................1 Organizing the model............... Example: Numbering parts in selected phases.................................... 7.................................................. Checking the sequence of a part ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 6.... 6............................................................... 6................................. 171 Custom phase properties ........................ 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ..................................................................................................... 172 173 173 173 173 7.... 167 7..................5 6............................................ 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling..... 156 Viewing the numbering history.......................................................................................3 Sequences...................... Example: Numbering settings during a project .................................................................................. Clearing numbers............. Adding parts to a sequence ...................................................................................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases....................................................................................

.......... Adding a parallel constraint ..................................................................................... Removing parts from a lot ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a fixed constraint ....... Deleting a dimension from a sketch ........... Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ...................................... Checking a sketched cross section ............................... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section................................................................................... Modifying a sketched cross section......................................... Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting a lot .................................................................. Saving a sketched cross section ....................................................................................................................................................... Reverting to default positioning planes ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Sketching an arc .................................................................................. Sketch Browser ...................... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................................................................................................................ Adding a vertical constraint ............................................................................................................................... Setting the sketch thickness ....... Deleting a constraint ... 176 Sketched cross sections ............. 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ..................................................................5 7.. Modifying chamfers in a sketch ....................................................................................... Part positioning planes .......................................................Creating a lot ...................................................................................................................................................... Cross section extrusion types . Moving positioning plane handles .......... Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch .................................................................................................................................................................. Adding a coincident constraint ....................... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ....................... Variables .............................................................................................................................. Sketching a circle ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ............... 7..................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch .......................... Moving positioning planes ...................................................... Connection positioning planes ........................................................................... Adding parts to a lot .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Sketching the outline of a cross section ............................................................................. Showing and hiding positioning planes ....................... Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section........................................................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ..................................... Sketching a polyline ............................ Adding a perpendicular constraint .................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal constraint .................................................................

.................................................................................. 215 Display settings .............................................................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model .......................................................................................................................1 General settings.................................................................................. Concrete panel properties....................................................................................................................................................................................... Steel beam properties ...................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings.................................................................................................................... 227 Bolt properties.......... Concrete beam properties.................................................................... Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Part properties ................. 229 Weld types ............................. Grid line properties.............................................. Transparency settings........................................... 216 8...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 View properties ............................................................................................................................................................ Color settings ............................ Point properties ........................................................................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness .................................4 Detail properties..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Orthogonal beam properties ................................................. Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ...................................................................................................................................... 211 8........................................................................... Contour plate properties.......................................... Importing sketched cross sections ............................................................................ 227 Weld properties .......................................................................................................................................................... Concrete slab properties .. Concrete column properties ................................................................................................................................... Example: Using the cross section in a model ........... 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 .............................................................. 8.................................. 217 Steel column properties ..................................................................................................... Twin profile properties................................................................................................. Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ................................. Rotation settings ....................................................... Exporting sketched cross sections .......................................................................... 211 Grid properties ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section............... Pad footing properties............................................................................................................................................................................................... 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8................................................................ Screenshot settings...................................................................................................... 215 Grid view properties ........................................................................................ Strip footing properties ............................................ Creating an image of a sketched cross section .............................................................................................................. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings....

..................................................2 Modifying part length .................................................. 234 Control number settings ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Numbering settings ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 232 Edge chamfer properties .. 235 9 Modeling Tips ..................................... Hiding cut lines in a view ........................... 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ... Copying and moving efficiently................... 9........................................................... Selecting values from the model ......................................................................................................... 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips.................................................................... 233 Weld numbering settings............................................................................................... Cutting efficiently .................................. 237 Defining default part properties ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ............................. Modeling identical areas..................................................................................................................................................................................... Activating an overlapping view ................................................................................................................................................................................. Right-hand rule..................................................Corner chamfer properties ................................................................................................................. Optional ways of placing objects in a model .......................................... 233 General numbering settings ...................................... 232 8................................................................................................................................................................... Creating horizontal parts ................................... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern........... Finding RGB values for colors...................................................................................................................... 237 9..................................................................................................................................................1 General modeling tips ....................................................................................

you can create a real-life model of any structure. 18) 1. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. 17) Saving a model (p.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. 17) Model templates (p. 15) Creating a new model (p. such as reports and NC data files. and save models in Tekla Structures. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. 16) Opening a model (p. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. as they react to modifications in the model. create. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 .

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. 21) Work area (p. 25) Work plane (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. 42) Reference models (p. When you open or create a model. 40) Points (p. 27) Coordinate system (p. a new window appears on the screen. 33) Construction objects (p. 29) Views (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . Initially. the icons and available menu options will become active. 28) Grids (p. 43) 2.

23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions.

set the same value for all four corners of the background. 239) Background color examples (p. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . Finding RGB values for colors (p. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2.. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. and so on. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. > Model View. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values.. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. leave the advanced option fields empty. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. To use the default background color. 3. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.

0 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 1.0 0.0 Result 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .2 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.RGB values 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.

0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p. dashed lines.7 0.6 0.8 0. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .0 Result 0.0 1. 239) 2. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.2 0.7 0.RGB values 0.0 1.7 0.0 0.0 1.6 1.0 0.3 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.8 0.

Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. for example. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Work area (p. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. 1. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. for example. 4.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. You can define the work area in a selected view. To define the work area: 1. 26) Hiding the work area (p. or size the work area to include selected parts. Alternatively. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. when creating screenshots for presentations. 3. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . you can hide the green work area box. For more information on each command. set the advanced option to FALSE. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. or all model objects. but they are not visible. Click OK or Apply. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area.. or in all visible views. See also Work area (p. This can be useful. To make the work area visible again. click View > Redraw All again. 2. 2. To make the box visible again. 5. > Model View. See also Defining the work area (p. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. Objects outside the work area still exist.. Tekla Structures hides the work area. Click View > Redraw All.

The work plane also has its own grid. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . To shift the work plane: 1. part positioning. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. which can be used for positioning parts. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. To display the work plane grid. 28) Right-hand rule (p. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. so it is the same in all views. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. 3. The current work plane is model-specific. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. parallel to one of the global basic planes.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. For example. or on a part or view plane. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. See also Shifting the work plane (p. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. When modeling sloped parts. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. For more information on each command. The z direction follows the right-hand rule.2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. which is the local coordinate system of the model. For example creating points. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. 2.

and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 4. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.See also Work plane (p..4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. For example. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. Click OK.. 3. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Set Plane to XY. Work plane (p. See also Work plane (p. Set Depth coordinate to 0. set the value to 1. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1.0 0.0. 239) 2. 3. To restore the default work plane: 1. Click Change..0 0. 4. 2. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. > Model View. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . to change the color to red. y. 2.. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view.

In wire frame views.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. 27) View types (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. See also Work plane (p. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. 36) 2.

Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. See also Creating a grid (p. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. 31) Grid lines (p. The z coordinates are absolute. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. 31) Deleting a grid (p. See also Click Create.. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. For example. 29) Grid coordinates (p. You can also create grids manually. 30) Modifying a grid (p. 2. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . For example. Optional: When prompted.. 3. Modify the grid properties. To manually create a grid: 1. Grids (p. 30) Grid labels (p. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. 30) Coordinate system (p. 31) Changing the grid color (p. Y0. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. Click Modeling > Create Grid.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. 0 2*4000. and Z0. 0 4000 4000. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. 31) Grid properties (p. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0.You can have more than one grid in a model. 4. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. and Z0. 5. Y0. If you do not pick a point. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. See also Creating a grid (p. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid.

clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. 29) Creating a grid (p. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. Modify the grid properties. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. 2. is selected. When working with very large grids. See also Grids (p. 3. 4. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. is selected. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. you can leave the label fields empty. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. 3. The Grid dialog box appears.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. See also Click Modify to save the changes. not the grid. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. 29) Grid properties (p. When you delete a grid. If you wish. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. Grids (p. See also Grids (p. 2. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. If you have also other objects selected.

set the value to 1. 3. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR.. 4. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. to change the color to red. the handles appear in magenta.1. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p.0. Click OK. See also Grids (p. Pick the end point of the grid line. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. Single grid lines have handles. Pick the starting point of the grid line. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. 2. > Model View. 4. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 3. 2. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. When you select a grid line. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. You can use handles to move the grid lines. 33) Moving a part using handles (p.0 0. See also Grids (p. For example. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid..0 0. 29) Creating a single grid line (p.

is selected. 4. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Modify the grid line properties. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line.See also Grid lines (p. See also is selected. See also Grid lines (p. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. When you delete a grid line. 3. 2. 32) 2. not the grid line. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. 2. For example. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. If you also have other objects selected. Click Modify to save the changes. 32) Grid line properties (p. 3. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. Grid lines (p.

When you need to see a specific part clearly. create a 3D view of the part. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 39) Arranging views (p. and elevation views provide different types of information. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. 35) Opening a view (p. See also Creating a view (p. plane. 38) Modifying a view (p. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . This places the part in the center of the view. 38) Deleting a view (p. 39) Refreshing views (p. 38) Switching between open views (p. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. which is useful for different tasks.

Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. 33) View settings (p. Views (p. Select a view command from the View menu. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. see the corresponding menu tooltip. When you exit the model. b Type a unique name in the Name field. or the view will not be saved for later use. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. Temporary views. disappear when you close them. 35) View types (p. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. which have a default name in parentheses. In multi-user mode. 36) Creating grid views (p. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. 2. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. 215) About naming views (p. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. Optional: Save the view. 3.If you are working with two screens. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. If several users have different views with the same name. it is very important to give views unique names. c See also Click Modify. For more information on each command. See also Creating a view (p. 36) View planes (p. See also Views (p.

Points that are located outside the view plane are red. It does not appear in the plane name. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. 35) Representation options (p. • See also Creating a view (p. xz. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. In basic views. In the basic plane view. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. and zy). Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed.

Moving a view plane (p. or the points are defined automatically. or enter its coordinates. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. To move the view plane: 1.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. or enter its coordinates. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. 4. 3.. 2. When you move a view plane. Click the view. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. See also View planes (p. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis.. Other views For view types other than basic views. 37) Creating a view (p. Pick the end point of the translation vector. Click Move. If the Move . 5. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. depending on the creation method. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. from the pop-up menu.

. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Modify the view properties. or double-click a view to open it. check how many views you have open. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. The Views dialog box appears. and which view properties it will use.. Click View > View List. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. and all visible views on the right. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. If you try to open more than nine views. Modify the grid properties. 2. Click Modify. Views (p. 3.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. If the view does not appear. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. 2. Before you start. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. 2. To open multiple views. The Views dialog box appears. See also Views (p. 5. create a view that contains a grid. 33) View settings (p. 35) Grid view properties (p. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box.. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. See also Creating a view (p. To create grid views: 1. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list.. Click Create. Tekla Structures displays a warning. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . how it will name the views.. Select the grid. 4. 3.

Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab.. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. Views (p. 33) Switching between open views (p. Select the view you want to delete. 3.. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. and all visible views on the right. Click View > Redraw All. and then click Modify. Click View > View List. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. On the Window menu. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . select a view from the list.. Views (p. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. select an option from the Angle list box. Click Delete. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views.1. The Views dialog box appears. Views (p. 2. To delete multiple views. See also Views (p. In the View Properties dialog box. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window.

For example. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. Type a name for the plane. Tekla Structures draws the plane. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. 3. Click the middle mouse button. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. select the Magnetic check box. See also Creating a construction plane (p. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. 33) 2. Pick four points. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. 2. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 4. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. 40) Creating a construction line (p. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. See also Views (p. 6. Double-click the plane in the model.7 Construction objects Construction planes. For example. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. Click View > Close All. lines. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. When you move the plane. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. You cannot use the Cascade. and circles help you place other objects. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. 5.To arrange the views. They do not appear in drawings. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. Tile Horizontally. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane.

See also Construction objects (p. 2. 4. See also Construction objects (p. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. see the corresponding menu tooltip. a Double-click the line in the model. Pick the end point of the construction line. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. b Select the Magnetic check box. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. Click Modify. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. Pick the starting point of the construction line. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 .7. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. c Click Modify. 3. 2. For more information on each command. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. See also Construction objects (p.

See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. Create a point import file. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Points (p. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. For more information on each command. When you create points. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system.2. 42) Point properties (p. See also Creating a point (p. To import points from a file: 1.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. 42) Importing points (p. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar.

dgn.dxf) AutoCAD (*. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. 42) 2. a plant design model. Include the full path and the file extension. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures.prp) Cadmatic models (*. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. *. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog.dwg) MicroStation (*.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. If you do not specify the path. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. For example. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. See also Inserting a reference model (p. *. 7. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. During the import process. See also Points (p. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. 6. 4. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model.rop. Type point in the Search field and click Search. Double-click Point Creation Import (8). an architectural model.1500 2. Click Create.700.IFC) IGES files (*. Type the ASCII file name.igs. For example: 100. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . b Save the file. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model.3dd) IFC files (*. or a heating.1000 300. 5. 3.500.

2. Click the Browse. Check the work plane position. Open a Tekla Structures model. 3. Modify the properties and then click Modify. See also Reference models (p. For more information on user-defined attributes.. or you forget to click Apply. Pick a position to define the reference model origin.... 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. If you do not define a reference model file to use. button to browse for the reference model file. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example.Updating reference models (p. 4. 2. Click User-defined attributes. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model.. see Adding properties. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. Set the scale of the reference model. Click File > Insert Reference Model. Click File > Reference Model List. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 5. 46) Reference model objects (p. 3. 6. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. 7. if it uses different measurement units). 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects.inp file. 4.. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. the file does not exist.

dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (. 2. 2. 2. you can highlight them. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p..3dd) WebViewer (. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box.. 2.xml) 3D DWG (. Click File > Reference Model List. See also Reference models (p. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. Select a reference model from the list. Reference models (p. Reference models (p. but the changes are rarely documented. Click File > Reference Model List.. See also Click File > Reference Model List. switch. See also Reference models (p..ifc) Cadmatic (. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1.. Click Reload all. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1.. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. To highlight a reference model: 1. To update all reference models: 1.

button next to the Old file name field. 2. Double-click the reference model.. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box.. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. To view reference model layers: 1.To view changes in a reference model: 1. Click Display. 3. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. Double-click the reference model. See also Reference models (p. select Inserted to see the added objects. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 4. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. For example.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

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2. Icon Description A standard profile. A parametric profile. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. click the Select. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . button next to the Profile field. 53) Parametric profiles (p. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. • For steel parts. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 53) User-defined profiles (p.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. When you create or modify a part. 51) Steel parts (p. 52) Standard profiles (p... you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 66) Concrete parts (p. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. parametric. and user-defined profiles.

X. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. so you should not edit them. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown.• 3. 4. environmentspecific profiles. click the button next to the Shape field. For concrete parts. Select a profile from the list. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. • To select a recently used profile. select the Show details check box. By default. Click Modify. If you select a parametric profile. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. use the Profile name list box. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. See also Profiles (p. • 5. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. See also Profiles (p. 6. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. /. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . See also Profiles (p. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. Click Apply or OK. and *. select the Show all profiles check box. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. For example. • To see all the properties of profiles. the profile catalog contains standard. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. See also Profiles (p. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column.

select the Show details check box. select the Show aliases check box. or country-specific properties. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis.. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. Click Apply or OK. next to the Material field. and thermal dilatation coefficient. including the modulus of elasticity. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. To include aliases for material grades in the tree.. For example. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. they can be former names. Click Modify. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. Poisson’s ratio. such as strengths. 2. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. • 4. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. • To see all the properties of materials. or names used in different countries or standards. For example. and so on. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. The Select Material dialog box appears. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. porosity. partial safety factors. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials.Materials When you create or modify a part. Select a material from the list. 3. Click Select. 5. 6. See also Materials (p.

You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. text.. or in projects. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension.. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. or lists. When drawings of the parts are created. Attributes can consist of numbers.

Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. and Moment User field 1.. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. See also Part properties (p.. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. 2. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. Click Display. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. Select the Part label check box. Tension. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p. User-defined fields. 3. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures.4 Connection code Can be used.. In the Display dialog box. See also Part properties (p.. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports.. 4. user-defined attributes. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . go to the Advanced tab. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields.

c Enter the attribute name and click OK. Move the part like any other object. just drag the part to a new position. Click Modify. Part labels (p. The points form the part reference line. See also Moving a part using handles (p. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. Select the handles. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. 7. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. If Drag and Drop is switched on. See also Part position (p. b Click Add. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. The Part label dialog box appears. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. When you select a part. 58) Part positioning tips (p. Select the part. Tekla Structures displays the handles. 56) 3. the rest are magenta.5. 3. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. a Select a property in the Properties list. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. for example. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. 6. 2. The handle of the first end point is yellow. you position it by picking points.2 Part position When you create a part. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list.

The object moves in the model accordingly.. Part position (p. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To change the rotation angle. 2. Click in the Mini Toolbar. See also Position on the work plane (p. Click and drag to select a position. Plane offset. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. use the round selection dial. Modify the settings. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. select the Part reference line check box. Click Modify. For example. modify the desired position settings.. On the Position tab. • • • To change the overall position of the part. 3. To change the Angle. enter a value in the corresponding box... On the Advanced tab. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. Click Display. See also Click View > View Properties.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. Hold down Shift to override this. 3. 4. 2. or Depth offset. to open the Display dialog box. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. Click Modify and OK. 2. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points.

65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 59) Position depth (p.Rotation (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. 60) Vertical position (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 61) Horizontal position (p. 63) Levels (p. 62) End offsets (p. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. To do this. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . 64) Bending (p.

• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. perpendicular to the work plane. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth.

Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 . 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part. relative to its reference point.

relative to its reference point. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part.

58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. relative to its reference line. You can enter positive and negative values.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line.

In this example. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns).Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you must modify their bottom level position. relative to the picked point. Use to define the position of the second end. not at the level you picked. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. To position the upper columns correctly. you can enter the positions of the part ends.

you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. Alternatively. you need to specify the number of segments. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part.Top level = 1000. for example a curved beam. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . You can also define the plane of curvature. the less angular the part appears. which is relative to the current work plane. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments.

See also Creating a steel column (p. Click the Create column icon. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 58) 3. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. 3. 66) Creating a steel beam (p. Pick the position of the column. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 2. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 67) Creating a curved beam (p.

Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the end point. See also Steel column properties (p. You can also create bent plates with this command. 2. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the starting point. 4. 2. See also Steel beam properties (p. Click the Create beam icon. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. 3. To create a steel polybeam: 1. Click the Create polybeam icon. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. 218) Levels (p. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 3.

Pick the starting point. 5. Click the Create contour plate icon. 5. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 2. 3. Optional: To create curved segments. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Pick a point on the arc (2). See also Steel beam properties (p. Double-click the end point. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 4. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 218) Bending (p. 4. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. Click the Create curved beam icon. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. 5. Pick the end point (3). 106) Steel beam properties (p. Pick the starting point again. 2.4. To create a contour plate: 1. Pick the starting point (1). 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 3.

from the list box. 4. See also Creating a contour plate (p. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. Click Modify.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. 68) Contour plate properties (p. 3. Select the plate. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties.. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 2.. 2. 3. 69) Contour plate properties (p. 7. 5. 6. Pick the position of the beam. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. 219) Chamfers (p. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner.

The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. Pick the end point. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. 4. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. Pick the starting point. By default. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. To create a twin steel profile: 1. See also Twin profile properties (p. 3. 2. You can change the main part in an assembly. See also Creating an assembly (p.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. 221) 3. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. or by joining assemblies together.

71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. 3. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . Assemblies (p. 76) Assembly examples (p. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Assemblies (p. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. 3. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 2. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Creating an assembly (p.Exploding an assembly (p. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts.

In the Connect part/assembly list box. 5. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 2. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 7. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 6. Using welds to create assemblies (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Click Apply or OK. 6. 3. 5. 4. In the Connect part/assembly list box. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. select As sub-assembly. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. You can create workshop welds and site welds. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. Pick the bolt group origin. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. select As sub-assembly. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 4. Click Apply or OK. When you connect assemblies. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. 3. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. 2. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. Assemblies (p. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies.

Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. from single parts and bolts. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. See also Assemblies (p. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. To work with nested assemblies. 74) Joining assemblies (p. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. through the basic and sub-assemblies. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies.

2. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Select the assembly to add to. 4. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. fabrication information. and still produce dimensions. 3. 4. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the assembly to add to. etc. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . marks. Select the part you want to add. for all assembly levels. 3. 2. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly.

Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. 3. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Select the new main part. You can change the main assembly at any time. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. 2. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Tekla Structures changes the main part. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . Select the assemblies you want to join. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 2. See also Changing the main assembly (p. 2.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 2. See also Select the new main assembly. c Select the assembly. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. 4. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. Assemblies (p. 2. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1.

Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. • To only explode the sub-assembly. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. 2. See also Assemblies (p.main part Steel part .secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. To explode an assembly: 1. always starting from the highest level. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly.main part Concrete . and then attached to the column in another workshop.

70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. Assemblies (p. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves.Drawing 2. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 .5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. See also Creating a pad footing (p. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p.

3. 2. Double-click the end point. See also Strip footing properties (p. 3. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. Optional: To create curved segments. Pick the pad footing position. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. Click the Create concrete column icon. 3. 2. 2. 4. Click the Create pad footing icon. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties.Creating a concrete slab (p. chamfer the corners of the footing. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 5. Pick the position of the column. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Pad footing properties (p. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. Click the Create strip footing icon. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p.

chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Optional: To create curved segments. 5.See also Concrete column properties (p. 4. Click the Create concrete beam icon. 4. 2. Double-click the end point. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 3. See also Concrete beam properties (p. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 2. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. Pick the end point. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. 3. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . Pick the starting point.

Click the Create concrete slab icon. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 5. 6. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. Pick the corner points of the slab. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. See also Creating a round slab (p. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. from the list box. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. Click Modify. Pick the starting point. 2. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. 4. 7. Pick the starting point again. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 4. To create a concrete slab: 1. Select the slab. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 2. 5. 3. 3.

See also Creating a cast unit (p. Double-click the end point. Click the Create concrete panel icon. For example. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. 5.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. chamfer the corners of the panel. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. Optional: To create curved segments. 225) Chamfers (p. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. 2. each part is considered a separate cast unit. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 3. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . You can change the main part in a cast unit. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. By default. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. 4. 104) 3. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. as well as concrete parts.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. Cast units can include reinforcement.

82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 3. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Cast units (p. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. 2. 3. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 3. 83) Casting direction (p. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. This applies to anything that is not concrete. 4. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. Select the new main part. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 3. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. 2. Select the objects you want to add. Adding objects to cast units (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. See also Cast units (p. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. 2. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. Adding objects to cast units (p. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. 2. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. such as steel parts and insulation. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 4. Select an object in the cast unit.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1.

See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. 4.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. 2. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. Go to the Cast unit tab. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. 2.main part Steel part . Cast units (p. Cast units (p. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . In the Cast unit type list box. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. Select the objects you want to remove.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. Click Modify to save the changes. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit.main part Concrete . Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. 3. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . 2. 2. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . select Precast or Cast in place. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. Cast units (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects.

Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. 3. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. See also Casting direction (p.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. To hide the top-in-form face again. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. See also Select a concrete part. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. 2. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. Casting direction (p. Select a concrete part. See also Cast units (p.

95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. 117) 4. 91) Surface treatment (p. 116) Splitting parts (p.1 Bolts To create bolts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . 104) Combining parts (p. 85) Holes (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. 89) Welds (p.

Select the main part. 6. See also Apply a component. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. 227) Bolt group shape (p. which is the bolt group origin. 3. 2. Pick a point. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 87) Bolt offsets (p. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. Select the secondary parts. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. 4. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. washers. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. Modify the bolt group. 5. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. 85) Bolt properties (p. See also Creating a bolt group (p. Explode the component. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. 2. 86) Bolt group position (p. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. Bolts (p.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. and nuts) while creating holes. 3. 7. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Optional: Modify the bolt properties.

x coordinate of each bolt. from the bolt group point of origin. in the y direction of the bolt group. from the bolt group point of origin. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. in the x direction of the bolt group. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. y coordinate of each bolt. Number of bolts. Diameter of the bolt group.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts.

select Array from the Shape list box. 2. The starting point values Dx. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. 4. relative to the bolt group x axis. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. Under Bolt group. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. type 0. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 5. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. 3. 85) Bolt properties (p. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. See also Creating a bolt group (p. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. Bolts (p. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. Click Apply to save the changes. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields.

Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Holes (p. 2. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 2.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 3. 4. Before creating holes. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. To create round holes: 1. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. 85) 4. When prompted. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. 5. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p.1. See also Bolts (p. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. reselect the main and secondary parts. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. Click Apply to save the changes. If you do not want to create any bolts. Optional: Modify the hole properties. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes.

Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. 4. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. If you do not want to create any bolts. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. 3.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. Holes (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 2. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . In the Hole type list box. See also Click Apply to save the changes. For example. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. select Slotted. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 8. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. To indicate which parts should be slotted. 5.

91) Creating a polygon weld (p. 6. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. select Oversized. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . 3. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 3. Optional: Modify the weld properties. or use a component that automatically creates welds. 7. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. If you are creating a workshop weld. Holes (p. 4. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box.1. this is the main part of the assembly. 5. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. If you are creating a workshop weld. this is the secondary part of the assembly. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. Select the part to weld to. If you do not want to create any bolts. without connecting any other parts. 86) 4. 94) Weld preparation (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Click Apply to save the changes. 2. 2. In the Hole type list box. Select the part to be welded. 4. In the Oversize field. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually.

See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 91) Weld properties (p. y.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . or z). Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. 229) Weld position (p. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. 92) Weld size prefixes (p.

Select the part to weld to. this is the secondary part of the assembly. 4. 2. 3. pick the points you want the weld to go through. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. If you are creating a workshop weld. 5. Pick the starting and end point. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. Select the part to be welded. this is the main part of the assembly. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. If you are creating a workshop weld. or alternatively.

their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. Select the part that you want to cut. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. 3. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p.See also Welds (p. See also Welds (p. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. without connecting any other parts: 1. 4. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. 2. pick the points you want the weld to go through. Select the part that you want to weld. or apply a component that does it automatically. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. use the SPD profile. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. See also Welds (p. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. To prevent automatic weld preparation. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. 2. Pick the starting and end point. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. or alternatively.

3. Select the cutting part. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. When you create overlapping surface treatments. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. you change the size of a part). Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes.g. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. surface mixes. and tiles. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. for example. 94) 4. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts.

and Behind. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. The options are Middle.. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views.. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. select the type of surface treatment to use. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box.. 7. 3. select the location of the surface treatment. to select a material from the catalog. 5. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. See also Surface treatment (p. 2. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. b On the Pattern tab. select Tile surface from the Type list box. See also Surface treatment (p. Front. select the specific surface treatment. In the Surface treatment name list box. 6. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. Click the Select. 9. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. 4. 8. In the At depth list box. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . In the Type list box..

a Move the mouse cursor over a part.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. 3. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 4. 2. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. 4. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. b Select the part face. 2. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. Pick the direction. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. 3. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. 2. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 4. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 3. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. b Select the part face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 2. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. The faces that you can select appear in blue. Pick the origin of the surface treatment.

select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part.5. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. bottom. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. left. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. or right).

Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. The file is located in the . Open the product_finishes. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. To create new surface treatment options: 1. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment.dat file using any text editor.

Open the TilePatternCatalog.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. The file is located in the . a Define the surface treatment type.xml file using any text editor. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. For example. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. See also Add rows to define new options. MF for Magnesium Float.. 4. See also Surface treatment (p. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. 2.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". 1 for concrete finish. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. 100) Example pattern definition (p. Magnesium Float. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. For example. Surface treatment (p. For example. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. Save the file. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options.

Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . Save the TilePatternCatalog. 103) Tile pattern elements (p.xml file. Other elements are optional. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. 4. and then modify it to suit your needs. 100) Example pattern definition (p. Tiled surface treatment (p.xml file. 3. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p.

Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . starting from the origin of the surface treatment. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.xml file.

Filenames identify the pattern types. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog.. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder. TilePatternCatalog. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. herringbone.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p.xml file. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. For example..\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p.xml file. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 . Located in the . Located in the . 103) Tile pattern elements (p. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog.

At least one required.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. and manufacturing reasons. 116) Splitting parts (p. 104) Fittings (p. Optional. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. 112) Warping concrete parts (p.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. defined from the origin of the pattern. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. Color of the tile or mortar. Tile pattern element. In Tekla Structures. 100) 4. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. 108) Cuts (p. The origin of an individual tile. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. Optional. Required. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. Optional. steel and concrete polybeams. practical. 115) Combining parts (p. concrete slabs. 113) Cambering parts (p. See also Chamfers (p. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). and concrete panels). Required.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. Optional. Required. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Required.

105) Polybeam chamfers (p. 3. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. See also Select the part. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. Chamfers (p. You can modify the default chamfers.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Double-click the handle of any part corner. 5. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. which does not change the geometry of the part. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Click Modify. 2. Modify the chamfer properties. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. 4.

x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. 105) Polybeam chamfers By default. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . You can modify the default chamfers.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p.

Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. 5. See also Chamfering part corners (p. 3. b Modify the chamfer properties. 2. Select the part you want to chamfer. Optional: Modify the chamfer. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 .Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. 4.

104) Creating a fitting (p. Pick the second point of the cutting line. which makes it easier to create connections.6. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. 3. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. c Click OK. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. 232) Chamfers (p. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. and so on. 2. Pick the first point of the cutting line. which passes through the cutting line you pick. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. 4. details. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . perpendicular to the view plane. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. See also Edge chamfer properties (p.

Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. See also Fittings (p.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. For more information on how to change this. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. use the Cut Part commands instead. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. You must create cuts in a plane view. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. see Fittings affect NC data. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. In situations like this. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files.

You can cut parts that already have cuts. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. for example. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. This can be useful. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. 5. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. Cuts (p. For example. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 2. Select the part you want to cut. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. 4. 109) Polygon cuts (p. To cut a part with a line: 1. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . 3. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. To close the polygon. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. 4. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. Select the part you want to cut. 2. Pick the second point of the cutting line.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. 3. 5. 109) Line cuts (p. Pick the side you want to remove. See also Cuts (p.

concrete slabs. Pick the corner to remove (5). See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. 2. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. Pick another existing corner (4). Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. 4. 6. contour plates. 3. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. The part cut does not affect other parts. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. Pick an existing corner (1). a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. To cut a part with another part: 1. Select the part you want to modify. 4. 109) Part cuts (p. Alternatively. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Cuts (p. concrete panels. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 3. Select the cutting part. Delete the cutting part. 2. and strip footings. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. 3). 5.

use the dz2 field. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. Go to the Deforming tab. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. In the Start field. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . Modify the chamfer properties. 6. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. 3. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 4. For example. 2. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. relative to the part reference line. 2.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. • 3. 5. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. relative to the part reference line. use the dz1 field. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. Click Modify to warp the slab. Fine-tuning part shape (p. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Click Modify to warp the beam. Move the chamfers. In the End field.

• The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. In the Move . Click Move. 8.4. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. type a value in the appropriate direction field. 7. 6. To see the warping angle of a single slab. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. 2. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part.Linear dialog box. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. Click OK to close the dialog box. and go to the Deforming tab. 5. For example. Select the chamfer you want to move. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. which warps the slabs. For example. 4. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu.

define the degree of camber. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. 4. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. including the template output. skews. Cambering parts (p. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. Cambering affects the position of cuts. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. in other words. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. When drawings are created. and embeds in the model. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. Go to the Deforming tab. Click Modify. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. 104) Cambering a part (p. 3. 2. In the Cambering field. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction.See also Warping concrete parts (p.

The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. When you select the parts you want to combine. Click Modify. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. 3. See also Combining two parts into one (p. enter a negative value. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. 115) 4. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 2. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. In the Shortening field. Go to the Deforming tab. 4. For example. 3. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. Go to the Deforming tab. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 4. In the Shortening field. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. 2. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. define the degree of shortening. Click Modify. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles.

curved beams without offsets.1. 116) 4. You cannot split polybeams. Select the part to attach to. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. Click Edit > Combine. 2. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. 3. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. When you combine parts. Select the second part. Select the first part. Combining parts (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. You can use splitting with straight parts. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. Select the part you want to attach. 3. See also Combining parts (p. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. 2.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon.

Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. 2. Click Edit > Split. Pick a point for the dividing line. See also Splitting parts (p. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. 3. and on the same side of the part. See also Click Edit > Split. 3. check the result after splitting. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. Splitting parts (p. 2. welds or surface treatments. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 4. Select the part you want to split. If you split contour plates that have bolts. Select the part you want to split. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting.

or a combination of both. 123) Creating a clip plane (p.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . you can move and rotate the model. 135) Checking the model (p. Scroll forward to zoom in. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. 142) 5. keyboard shortcuts. and backward to zoom out. 128) Visualizing project status (p. 119) Rotating the model (p. You can use a mouse. 121) Moving the model (p. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. or pull out for a wider view. 122) Flying through the model (p. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. 119) Inquiring the model (p.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. See also Zooming the model (p.

119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. If this option is off. c Click Modify. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. Zooming the model (p. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. Create a zoom window. Open a wire frame view of the model. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. • See also To zoom out. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. 2. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. 2. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Place the mouse pointer over the model. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.If you do not have a wheel mouse. For more information on each command. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. select Wire frame. See also Viewing the model (p. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. press Page Down. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. press Page Up. see the corresponding menu tooltip. b In the View type list box.

and then drag the pointer to size the window.e 3. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. To rotate the model. To change the level of magnification. 4. zoom in and out in the zoom window. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . See also Zooming the model (p. As you move the pointer in the general view. keyboard shortcuts. Click the Magnifier icon. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. menu commands. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. In wire frame views.

119) Moving the model To move the entire model. To relocate the center of rotation. Press Ctrl + R.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. 2. See also Rotation settings (p. 2. 3. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. 2. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. 213) Viewing the model (p. press v. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. Pick a position in the view. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Click Modify. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. and then pick a position in the view. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. 3. For more information on each command.

a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. You can also adjust the field of view setting. Use the up. > Model View. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. To stop panning. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. Move the model using the Pan command 1. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 3. down. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command.. left and right arrows on the keyboard. Click View > Fly. press Esc. you can travel through a model. c Click Modify. or Shift+M.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. To activate the middle button pan.. select Perspective. To fly through a model: 1. To change the camera angle. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. • • To move up or down. 2. 3. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. 4. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. 5. drag the mouse in the desired direction. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. Set view projection to Perspective. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . 2. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. • To change the flying direction. c Click OK. Select a view. scroll with the mouse wheel. 2. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. b In the Projection list box.

2. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. press Esc. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. or the entire Tekla Structures window.. press Esc. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. brochures. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. You can use screenshots in posters. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. To create a clip plane: 1. view. 4. Click View > Create Clip Plane. To finish creating clip planes. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. Viewing the model (p. 2. See also To delete a clip plane. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. 6. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered.• 6. Select a plane. 5. To move a clip plane. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. To stop flying..

Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 2. for example. Under Capture. select Main Frame. select View. Creating a screenshot (p. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. Creating a screenshot (p. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . 7. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. click Pick view and select a view. Select Place on clipboard. 4.. 6. To capture the active view. 125) Screenshot settings (p. 2. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . 3. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from.. Set the desired properties and click OK. Click Capture.png) files. 5.. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. Click Capture. select View without Borders.. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. select Rendered view.3. To print a screenshot: 1.. See also Creating a screenshot (p. To capture the active view without borders.bmp) format to use it. Click Options.. select Dialog. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. as a custom component thumbnail. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed.bmp format. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. 4. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (.

within the model. For more information on how to use templates. see the Template Editor user documentation. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. See also Inquiring object properties (p. Select a part. weight.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. See also Inquiring object properties (p. and length of the selected model object. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. 2. 2. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. or a group of objects. See also Inquiring the model (p. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding.. 126) Object property report templates (p. To inquire object properties: 1. the tool shows the total area. See also Inquiring the model (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit.. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command.5. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window.. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. By default. Select an object.

change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]..\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . Open the InquiryTool. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. click Add…. click Edit.. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. Use the InquiryTool.config file: 1. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. 3. • To modify the calculated attributes.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder.. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users.config file in the . -. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. and /) to form equations.. • To create new calculated attributes. 2. • 4. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window.config file in any standard text editor. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. Click Manage contents. edit the InquiryTool.. use the Up and Down buttons.. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. or MIN) from the list box. • To change the order of the attributes. The file is located in the . • To add more attributes to the tool window. • See also To change the formula of an attribute. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list.. • To remove attributes from the tool window. To modify the default attributes. the file contains 65 attributes. *. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. By default. AVERAGE. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. MAX.lst file located in the . To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. 2. 3.. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. For example. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window... Change the position number of the new attribute..

. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. 132) Object representation settings (p.. UNIT.4. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. DISPLAY_NAME. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. 128) Display settings (p. 5.lst file. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. 216) Representation options In rendered views. 2. Showing and hiding objects (p.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 126) 5. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. Modify the NAME. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. to open the Display dialog box. Click Display. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. When you redraw a view. 128) Representation options (p. Save the file. DATATYPE. For example. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 3. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. 132) Object groups (p. 6. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible.

surfaces are not. underlying parts are not visible. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. and their surfaces are shaded. In this example.e. Parts are transparent. i.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. Example In this example. component objects are displayed as Rendered. i. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. component objects are displayed as Rendered. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . parts are transparent.e.

. Select the parts you want to hide. for example. This can be useful. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them.. The parts are shown as sticks. when viewing clash check results in a large model. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines.5 and Shift+1. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 3. This option is useful. To hide selected parts: 1. • • See also To make the parts visible again. i.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p. To completely hide the parts. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. 2. for example. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. parts are not transparent.. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. Other parts are almost completely transparent.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. Showing and hiding objects (p.e. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. Click View > Hide Part..

fittings. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. To show the unselected parts as sticks. 2. To make the parts visible again. bolts. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. To clear the exact lines effect. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. 3. welds. The unselected parts become almost transparent. 2. Showing and hiding objects (p. See also Select the part. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures displays all parts.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Hide an assembly 1. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. cuts. click View > Redraw All. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. Click View > Redraw All. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . To display a part with exact lines: 1. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. Right-click and select Redraw View. Showing and hiding objects (p. Select the assembly you want to hide. To completely hide the unselected parts. 2. 4. and other details belonging to the assembly. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3.

to open the Object Group . 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. a Click Add row.See also Showing and hiding objects (p.. Right-click and select Redraw View. and Condition list boxes.. 133) Visualizing project status (p. c In the Value list box. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 128) Refreshing views (p. 4. Modify the object group settings. 3. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p.Representation dialog box. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. 2. b Select options from the Category. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. 2. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p.. Click Object group. 128) Refreshing views (p. 128) Creating an object group (p. welds. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. type a value or select one from the model. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions.. 133) Deleting an object group (p. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Select the component you want to hide. Click View > Redraw All. and other details belonging to the component. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. d Add more rows. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Property. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1.

2. • To make an object group available in all models. Object groups (p. and to create customized presentations of defined objects.PObjGrp. Object groups have the file name extension *. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. For example. Select the object group you want to copy.5. 2. See also Object groups (p. 3. Click Save as to save the object group. Select where you want to copy the object group. Restart Tekla Structures. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. copy the file to the system folder.PObjGrp. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures. Object groups (p. • To make an object group available in another model. and they have the file name extension *. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. 6.

Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box.. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. If an object belongs to several object groups. 8. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. 2. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. 3. 5. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 9. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. 6.. To create object representation settings: 1. Click View > Representation > Object Representation.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. 7. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. Click Add row. 4. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model.

136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. 133) Color settings (p. 133) 5. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. and they have the file name extension *. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. Restart Tekla Structures. 3. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 .If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. See also Object representation settings (p. See also Creating a visualization (p. To create project status visualizations. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. See also Object representation settings (p. Apply. Object representation settings (p. copy them to the system folder. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. • To make the settings available in all models. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. Select where you want to copy the settings. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures.rep. 2. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. 2. 213) Transparency settings (p. or OK. • To make the settings available in another model. For example. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p.rep.

rep) and object group files (*. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. a In the Object representation list box. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. and they have the file name extension *. See also Visualizing project status (p. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 4. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. • To make the settings available in all models..Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. Restart Tekla Structures. To view the visualization in the model. copy them to the system folder. 3. Restart Tekla Structures. c Define the length of the time step. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 2. 6.4d.4d. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. click the step buttons. See also Visualizing project status (p. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Visualizing project status (p. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder.. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. 5. 4. select one of the predefined object representation settings. 3. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. Select where you want to copy the settings. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. • To make the settings available in another model. 2. 2. Modify the visualization settings.

you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. On the Status tab.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. 8. 6. 4. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. d In the Value list box.. See also Click Modify. 137) Creating object representation settings (p.. select INSTALL_PLAN. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. b In the Property list box. Visualizing project status (p. 3.Representation dialog box. e Select Review date and click OK... Click Object group. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model.In the following example. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model.. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. See also Visualizing project status (p. After that. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. The Select Date dialog box appears. select Object. To make it easier to select parts. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. to open the Object Representation dialog box. c In the Condition list box. a In the Category list box. 7. select Earlier than or equal.. Click User-defined attributes. To define an erection schedule: 1. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. select Select date. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. 5. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. To create the object group: 1. 3. Click View > Representation > Object representation. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. to open the Object Group . Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. 2. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. 2. Finally.. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example.

enter a name for the visualization. 4. Click Save as. select Color by class. In the box next to the Save as button. a Click Add row. enter a name for the object representation settings. select the object group you just created. c In the Color list box. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. plan_same_or_before_review_date.. 5. 132) Visualizing project status (p. b In the Object group list box. you will create project status visualization settings. d In the Transparency list box. 3. 7. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. Click Save as. select Visible. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. In the Object representation list box. In the box next to the Save as button.. 5. 133) Visualizing project status (p.4. In the box next to the Save as button. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. 137). See also Object groups (p. a Click Add row.. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. enter a name for the group. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. To create visualization settings: 1. 5. Define the length of the time step. 138). b In the Object group list box. For example. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. select the object group All. 2. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. scheduled_erection_date. For example. select Hidden. See also Object representation settings (p. 3. c In the Color list box. To create object representation settings: 1. select Color by class. 2. d In the Transparency list box. 4. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization.. 6. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model.

2. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. click the step buttons.. Click Load. 138). The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . To view the visualization in the model.See also Visualizing project status (p. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 3. 4. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. In the list box next to the Load button.. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 135) 5. See also Measuring objects (p.5 Checking the model When the model is complete. 143) Detecting clashes (p. it is useful to check the model for errors. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. 149) Finding distant objects (p.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p.

See also Measuring distances (p. Pick the starting point. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. 143) Measuring angles (p. 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 3. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. Pick the starting point. For more information on each command. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. Measuring objects (p. the distance between two points and between bolts. Pick the end point. Select a bolt group. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. 2. 4. Measuring objects (p. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . Select a part. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. Pick the center point. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. All measurements are temporary. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. Pick the end point. 4. 5. To measure bolt spacing: 1. 3. 2. 2. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group.

145) Clash Check Manager (p. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. bolts. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .See also Measuring objects (p. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. or reference model objects that collide. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model.

If colliding objects are found. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. 2. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. select a row in the clash check log. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. To locate the colliding objects. You can continue working during the clash check.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. Click Tools > Clash Check. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. Select the objects you want to check. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . 3. or stop checking. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. you can choose whether to continue checking.

if the profile has changed). 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. To see which properties have an effect. select a row in the list of clashes. 4. If the object has been modified (for example. A check mark it is visible. See also To highlight a clash in the model. Clash Check Manager (p. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. You can continue working during the clash check. double-click a row. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. In the model. 1.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. When the clash check is complete. The clash is not new. right-click one of the column headings. resolved. 2. Click to check the objects. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. Only certain object properties affect this flag. 5. 2. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. or missing. When you re-run clash check. modified. 3. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager.

145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. . select a session. Click OK. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . select the clashes whose priority you want to change. 3. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. select the clashes whose status you want to change. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. 3.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. 2. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. See also Clash Check Manager (p. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. Click . Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. 3. In the Open dialog box. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. In Clash Check Manager. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. 2. 2. In Clash Check Manager. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu.

d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4.. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. 5. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. Click Apply or OK. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. By default. the clearance will be zero. go to the Clash check page. 3. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1.. 2. Save as. See also Clash Check Manager (p.00. enter a new name. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1.To Save the active session Do this Click . If the fields are empty. 4. Modify the bolt clearance values. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. 3. If you clear the check boxes. Click Save. 5. In the Options dialog box. icon. 2. Click In the Save As dialog box. Click Tools > Options > Options. In the File name box.. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . browse to the folder where you want to save the session.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

Example For example. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. When you run numbering. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. To save time. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. For example. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. If you do this. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. . Planning your numbering series (p.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. P1002.. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number.. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. P1003. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. 154) Family numbers (p. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). such as plates.

they get unique qualifier numbers. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. Under Compare. See also Defining numbering series (p. Under Numbering series. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . Defining numbering series (p. When you use family numbering.. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. Go to the Family numbering tab. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. b Select a numbering series from the list. 3.. However.1. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. 2. This can be used. define a part prefix and a start number. and then click Add. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. go to the Cast unit tab. Click Modify. 4. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. 2. 4. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. 3. for example.

the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. 5. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. clear the existing numbers. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. If a series overlaps another.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. If you do not select any check boxes. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. 7.. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. Update numbering in the model. 6. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>.Select at least one check box. 155) Clearing numbers (p.. but not all of them. c Click Apply or OK. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. Click Apply. See also Family numbers (p. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. 2. See also Defining numbering series (p. For more information on each command. 161) 6. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. If you select all the check boxes. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 3. Click Assign. b Modify the settings. Family numbers (p. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. 4.. only one family number per series is assigned.

158) Control numbers (p. The prefix varies based on the part type. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. However. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. In this case you should renumber the parts. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. However. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. See also Numbering objects (p. 158) Changing numbers (p. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. the x coordinate. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . The default start number is 1. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. for example. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. 159) Clearing numbers (p.See also Numbering settings (p. If you add new parts.

With negative directions (such as -X). For example. When you assign control numbers. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. 2. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Example In the following example. and Third direction is Z. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. their y coordinates are also compared. See also Select the parts. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. Second direction is Y. if First direction is -X. Numbering objects (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. See also Numbering objects (p. their z coordinates are also compared. the sort order is X Y Z.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X).

• To consider all parts in the model. • 3. and then click Create. 2. See also Control numbers (p. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. For example. In the Status list box. Indicate which parts to consider. and then click Create. Click Apply. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. or specific parts. 6. 8. etc. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part.. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. select the parts in the model. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. do not select any parts. select the parts. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. number the model. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. 3. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. To only consider specific parts.. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. 7. 5. This command does not change the numbering series. Click Apply. 2. specify which parts get control numbers. b In the Step value field. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. to assign the control numbers 2. 8. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. Define the control numbers to be used. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. 158) Control number settings (p. assembly. 4. define the interval. 11. multi-position. In the Renumber list box. See also Control numbers (p. 4. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. In the Numbering list box. 5. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. a In the Start number of control numbers field.See also Numbering objects (p.. do not select any parts in the model. or family numbers after you run numbering. type the first control number to be used. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. select Lock or Unlock in the Status.

Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. See also Numbering objects (p. To create a standard-part model: 1. Click Assign. see the corresponding menu tooltip. This is for information only and the number is still changed. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. 2. 3. To clear the position numbers: 1. Next time you run numbering. Select an object. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. For more information on each command. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. 2. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. If the number you specified is already in use. 4. This functionality only applies to steel parts.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. For more information on each command.1. Set the desired properties. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. See also Numbering objects (p. irrespective of what their previous numbers were.

> Numbering. Save the standard-part model. Explode all components. 12. and so on). For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. Delete all unnecessary items. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Open another model. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. especially before producing drawings or reports. 10. 2. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. STD1. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box.... See also Numbering objects (p....6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. 7. StandardParts. If you have selected the Part name check box. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes.. 5. see Numbering history log. 3. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. See also Numbering objects (p.. 9. 13.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. 4. 8. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. 156) 6. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. 11. 156) 6.For example. For information on how to interpret the log file. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. STD2. Number the model.

6. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 4. 156) Changing numbers (p. 4. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. Number the model. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. 5. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. Number the model. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. To number identical beams: 1. 3. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. All the beams have the part position number P1. Unless you want to repair the entire model. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. See also Numbering objects (p. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. 5. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2.2. 159) 6. Modify one of the beams.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. Number the model. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p.

but each pair has a different length. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. The parts have the same main profile. All beams have the same profile. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. but the holes are different. and each pair has the same length.

Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. 6. divide the model into phases. and then click Apply.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. Select the Column orientation check box. 10. Before you start. and then click Apply. 3. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. 7. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 8. Select one of the steel columns in the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. To number parts in selected phases: 1. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. 9.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. Create steel columns. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . and another one for steel columns. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. 2. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. 5. 4. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time.

Modify the numbering settings. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. 5. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . 6. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 7.. Select one of the parts you want to number. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 3. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. For example. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. Select the parts you want to number. and then click Apply. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. 4. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects.. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000.

• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. 164) General numbering settings (p. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model.

Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. 181) 7. 171) Sequences (p. 167) Phases (p.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. 174) Parametric modeling (p. lots. and erection sequences. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. and categorize object types. You can classify information according to your needs. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. for example. based on purchasing contracts. 172) Lotting (p.

170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. See also Creating logical areas (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only.

167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. right-click the selected section or story. Click Tools > Model Organizer.. See also In Model Organizer... See also Organizing the model (p. b Click New Object Type. c Click New Section. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . 4. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . In Model Organizer. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. You can also create subtypes for object types. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. 3. a Right-click Object Types. 2. and select Add Selected to Category. Create object type categories.. Organizing the model (p. 5. b Click New Building.. In the model. To make it easier to view and select parts. d Click New Story. a Right-click Logical Areas. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s).. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. Click Tools > Model Organizer. select the area for the section or the story. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. 3. In large projects. 4. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. 2. Create a path structure. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. In the model. You can create new object type categories for your own needs.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1.

Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 1. 2. 2. See also Organizing the model (p. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To show all objects again. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . right-click the category and select Redraw View. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. 1. See also Organizing the model (p. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 1. Right-click and select Remove from Category. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 3. Select the objects in the model. Select the new area in the model. 2. Drag the category to another location. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. 2. 3. Drag the objects to another category. 2. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. To show all objects again.

hide objects. 4. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. and copy objects from other models. select a phase from the list.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. 3.). Click Add to create new phases. 171) Custom phase properties (p. When a part of the model is completed. Click OK to save your changes. c Phases (p. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. the columns. 2. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. You can create reports and views. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. 2. a To identify the phase of an object. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 .. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. You then copy this basic model to all users. For example. 167) 7. etc. 5. This is phase 1.. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer.. Click Tools > Phase Manager. 4. according to their phase number. From now on.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. Right-click and select Delete. First create a basic model that includes. 3. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. and then click Modify phase. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. for example. 3.. Organizing the model (p. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. Click OK to confirm.. select the objects. Divide the model into phases. select an object and click Phases by objects.. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase.

Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. 171) 7. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". To finish adding parts to the sequence. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p.inp file in any standard text editor. "0. no.inp file. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. and the field_format must be %d. 3. d Restart Tekla Structures. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. and so on. MY_INFO_1. To use phase properties in reports and templates. If you click Yes. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. integer. b In the Part attributes section. "%d". the second part number 2. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. Creating a sequence (p. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. You can define several sequences for different purposes. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p.inp file.inp file. For example. use the syntax PHASE.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. See also Phases (p. 6. none. The first part gets the sequence number 1. Type a name for the sequence. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. To create a new sequence: 1. 4. add a new user-defined attribute. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. For example. "0. "My Info 1". Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence.0". Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. The value_type must be integer. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. Click Apply. c Save the file.0") 2. a Open the objects. 5.

172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. For example: See also Sequences (p. Click User-defined attributes. If the sequence changes. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. 5. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. Click OK or Apply... 3. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence.. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. See also Sequences (p. 2. 2. you must redefine the whole sequence. To check the sequence of a part: 1.See also Sequences (p. Click Modify. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. Modify the sequence number. Select a sequence name from the list.. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. For example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . 2. MY_INFO_1. Click Tools > Sequencer. To finish adding parts to the sequence. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. 3. 4. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box.. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. Select a part. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. See also Sequences (p. 4. You cannot add new parts to a sequence.

. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. To view the properties of a part.2. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. 175) Deleting a lot (p. length. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. 6. However. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. the weight is based on the size. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. 5. 175) Sequences (p. See also Lotting (p. Click Add. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. Click Properties. 4. 3. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. 172) 7. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1.. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. For most model parts. and material of the part. Sequences (p. In that case... remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. When you define lots. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. See also Select a sequence name from the list. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. For example. 2. With this information. Click Delete and then click Yes. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. Type a lot number in the Number field. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. See also Creating a lot (p.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 3. For example. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity.

Click OK to close the dialog box. 3. 4. 4. To add parts to a lot: 1. 5. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. 2. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. Select an existing lot from the list. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. Click OK to close the dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. Select an existing lot from the list. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Click Apply selected. 2.. you will overwrite the contents of the lot.. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. 4. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. 5. Click Delete. See also Lotting (p. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . When you re-open the dialog box. 3. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Click Properties. Lotting (p. 2. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. 3. If you simply select parts. Lotting (p. When you hold down Shift. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. Select an existing lot from the list. Click Apply selected.

the column follows. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object.7. They can also include formulas. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. Create dependencies. between model objects. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. or relationships. Variables can define fixed properties. so that when you move the wall. such as a beam or column. For example. location and relationship to other parts. such as the name of a column. including its geometry.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. the Sketch Browser. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p.. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. and how to use them in a model. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model.. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p.See also Parametric modeling (p. 53) 7. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections.. 176) Parametric profiles (p. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 .6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. 2. Open a Tekla Structures model. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. and the Variables dialog box.

182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. dimensions. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. arcs. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. circles. tree-like structure.See also Sketch Browser (p. and vice versa. constraints. 182) Variables (p.

. or 2) and thickness of the sketch. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. 1=Line . 1. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. arcs. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. or they can include formulas. Lines. Variables can define fixed properties.. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p.

184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 2. such as a cold rolled section. 4. 185) Sketching a circle (p. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. Pick points to create each line segment. and circles. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. arcs. 184) Sketching an arc (p. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. To sketch a polyline: 1. Open the cross section sketch editor. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. See also Sketching a polyline (p. Ensure that you create a closed shape.

Open the cross section sketch editor. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . To sketch a circle: 1. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). 4. Pick three points to define the arc. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). To sketch an arc: 1. 2. Open the cross section sketch editor. 2.

and add chamfers in corners. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. you can straighten lines. Select a line in the sketch (1). Select another line in the sketch (2). 3. close the shape. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. Before you start. create 90 degree angles. Although the shape is locked. To add a parallel constraint: 1. To straighten the entire profile. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. force lines to meet. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . For example. you can still rotate the profile in the model. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints.

3. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. if they are within a certain distance of each other. The lines do not have to intersect. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. Before you start. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. Select another line in the sketch (2). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. by extending or shortening one or both lines. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select a line in the sketch (1). The lines do not have to intersect.

To add a fixed constraint: 1. Pick the end of the second line. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. 2). 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. 2. 4. See also Select a line in the sketch. Pick the end of the first line (1). Before you start. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. Before you start. 3. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.1. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.

Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. To add a vertical constraint: 1. 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. 2). Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 4. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 3. Select the constraint you want to delete. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Click Refresh. Before you start.

191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. Select the arc or circle. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. In the following example. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. To add a radial dimension: 1. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. Before you start. if you create the dimension marked in red. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p.

Select the second line (2). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. To add an angle dimension: 1. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. 3. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. Before you start. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. between two points you pick. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . Select the first line (1). Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. 3. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Change the Value field. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . Click Modify. 4. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Select the connection positioning planes. 3. Select the part positioning planes. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. 2. 3. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. 2. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 4. Click to show the part positioning planes. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Click to show the connection positioning planes. To revert to the default positioning planes. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 2.

2.db1 file. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. To save a sketched cross section. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. Type a new name in the Prefix field. for example. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. Click Save sketch as . See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly.4. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. Type a name in the Prefix field. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. Click Save sketch . Click Save sketch . 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. and then click OK.bin file. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. You cannot include numbers. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Update an existing cross section 1. or blank spaces in the cross section name. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. 5. 2. 2. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. special characters. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. and then click OK. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . For example. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Modify the object properties. 6. 4. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. To modify a chamfer: 1.. 5. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. such as a cold rolled section. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. 5. Click Modify. 2. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Double-click an object to modify its properties.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. Close the object properties dialog box. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. 4. 7.. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. 3. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. you can create rounded cross section corners. 2. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. See also next to their name.

When you change the thickness. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. or symmetrically in both directions. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. b Type the extrusion type number (0. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. or 2) after =. sketch an open polyline. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. the profile grows inwards. outwards. In the Sketch Browser. Type the value of the thickness after =. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. In the cross section sketch editor. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. P1). P1) after =. 1. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. define the default value for the parameter variable. depending on the extrusion type. 3. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . In the Formula column.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. 4. 2. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example.

Open the Select Profile dialog box.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. button next to the Profile field. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . 4. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. See also For concrete parts.. 5. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. If you have applied constraints correctly. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. you are ready to use it in the model. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. Pick points to place the part in the model. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. Click OK to apply the changes. click the Select. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. 6. click the button next to the Shape field. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. • For steel parts. 7. • 3. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline.. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. 2.

Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. mysketch. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. 2.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.bmp. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. 4. for example Microsoft Paint.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. Open the cross section sketch editor. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. for example. 3...\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. Use the cross section name as the filename. 5. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model.uel). Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. Save the image in bmp format in the . 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models.

To import sketched cross sections: 1. 2. 7. To use profiles from a model. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. 4. Right-click and select Export. 6. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. In the component list. Select Sketched profiles from the list. browse for the folder. Select the cross sections you want to export. from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. 4. Select the file to import. 8. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. 3. 5. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model.uel). To export several cross sections. from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 .bin file. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog... Click OK. To automatically import all *. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. right-click and select Import. you need to import both the cross section and profile. In the Export Components dialog box. or copy the profdb. Click OK. 7. 5. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*.. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. By default. 6. 3.. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. select Sketched profiles from the list box. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. 2. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. In the Import Components dialog box.

You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. At this stage. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. When you use the profile in the model. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. After that. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. 2. you will use the cross section in a model. Open the cross section sketch editor. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. Finally. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p.

command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p.3. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 181) Sketching a polyline (p. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. 4.

h2. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. In the Variables dialog box. and h2. Save the cross section. command to create the distances h1. h1. 5. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and 3. enter the following values for the distances: 4.2. 198) Variables (p. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p.

a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. enter 10. Variables (p. 3. In the Variables dialog box.00. a Right-click Thickness. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. c In the Visiblity box. In the Sketch Browser. 2. See also Save the cross section. 2. select Show. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. enter Chamfer.1. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. d In the Label in dialog box box. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. enter 20. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . b In the Formula box. b Right-click ExtrusionType. In the Variables dialog box. b In the Formula box. c In the Visiblity box. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. 3. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. d In the Label in dialog box box. enter Thickness. and then enter =P1. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. do the following: . select Show. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. 183) Sketch Browser (p.00.

2. and then enter =P2. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. click the button next to the Shape field. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. and select the CSHAPE profile. 199) Variables (p. In the Sketch Browser. 6. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Open the Select Profile dialog box. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. 4. For concrete parts. 183) Sketch Browser (p. Pick points to place the part in the model. • For steel parts. See also Save the cross section.. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. 5. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers.. Click OK to apply the changes. 5. button next to the Profile field. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p.4. click the Select. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. b Right-click Chamfer X. • 3. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties.

193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 . 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p.

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

212) Rotation settings (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 227) Numbering settings (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p. See also Grid properties (p. 215) Part properties (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 211) View settings (p. 212) Point properties (p. 213) Color settings (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. 233) 8. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 217) Detail properties (p. 211) Grid line properties (p.

Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Grids (p. Select to bind objects to grid lines. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. z is absolute).grid lines vertical to the work plane Y .grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. Option Phase The phase number. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line... Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. See also X . Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. y. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. y. and z directions.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. and z directions (x and y are relative. Select to bind objects to the grid line. Grid lines (p... 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x.

Rotate and Move .Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . Displays parts according to the member analysis type. Indicates the correct location of the point. and z coordinates of a point. Coordinates See also Points (p. All parts are colored according to their Class property. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. The rotation angle between the original and new position. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. which is used in log files. See also Object representation settings (p. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. Defines the number of copies created. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. y. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors.Option Id The ID number. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. You can filter objects by their ID numbers. The local (work plane) and global x. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. Option As is The current color is used.

the settings will be read from that object group. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. Includes only the view content in the screenshot.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups.. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. Option As is The current visibility. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Sets the line width. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. There are limitations to pixel density. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. Saves the screenshot to a file.. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. Object is not shown in the views. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Object representation settings (p. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. The height of the screenshot. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. The Options. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. Object is transparent in rendered views.

Which object group is displayed in the view. Opens the Object Group . Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. The appearance of the model in the view.. 215) Display settings (p. Display. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. In addition. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. Visible object group Object group. See also Views (p. rotate the model.. See also View properties (p. 215) Grid view properties (p. When you zoom. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . Rotation is view-specific.. or fly through it.. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). The projection type of rendered views. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones.. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model).2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. as do text and points. You can zoom.See also Creating a screenshot (p.. 124) 8. text and point size remains the same. the zoom remains on part surfaces.

washers. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. when viewing the entire model. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. no prefix is used. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties.g. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. This name overrides the name in the view properties. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name.. Each view plane has its own view properties. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. This option increases display speed significantly. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. PLAN +3000. If the View name prefix field is left empty. and nuts as solids. Exact shows bolts. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . e. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. None does not create any views. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. See also Creating grid views (p. or large parts of it. but skips cuts. Exact displays the cuts. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts.. Reference line shows parts as sticks. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. The Show. Some of these settings may affect system performance. button displays the current view properties.

The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). 128) 8. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. See also Steel column properties (p. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 220) Twin profile properties (p.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). 223) Concrete column properties (p. Exact shows holes as solids. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. 218) Contour plate properties (p. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . 221) Pad footing properties (p. This option is only available in wire frame views. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. In view does not increase the point size. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. 222) Strip footing properties (p.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. 218) Steel beam properties (p. When using this option. Point size Defines the size of points in views.

Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. Finish is user-definable. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. Creating a steel column (p. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. Class Used to group columns.g. The type of finish. relative to its reference point. The horizontal position of the column.clm. and shortening of the column. How the column is rotated around its axis. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. etc. The user-definable name of the column. hot galvanized. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The position of the column. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. fire retardant coating. It describes how the part surface has been treated. cambering. e. For example. steel polybeam. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. Warping. with anti-corrosive paint. or curved beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions.prt. The material of the column. The analysis properties of the column. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The design information of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The assembly mark series of the column. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. relative to its reference point. and to identify parts of the same type. The support conditions of the column ends. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. The position of a beam.cpl. The user-definable name of a beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The finish type. Finish is user-definable. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Class Used to group beams. For example. etc. The support conditions of the beam ends. The analysis properties of the beam. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. The material of a beam. Creating a steel beam (p. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. The design information of the beam. and to identify parts of the same type. It describes how the part surface has been treated. hot galvanized. The loading properties of the beam. fire retardant coating. cambering. and shortening of the beam. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. Warping. The assembly mark series of the beam. The position of a beam on the work plane.g. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. e. with anti-corrosive paint. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 .

The user-definable name of the contour plate. Profile Material The profile of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. e. The loading properties of the plate. The assembly mark series of the beam. The design information of the contour plate. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. The material of the beam. perpendicular to the work plane. for example PL20. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. The spanning properties of the plate. and to identify parts of the same type.g. The format is PL+ thickness. and to identify parts of the same type.crs. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. fire retardant coating. Finish is user-definable. Creating a contour plate (p. The material of the contour plate. in terms of depth. The position of the contour plate. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. The user-definable name of the beam. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The analysis properties of the contour plate. etc. hot galvanized. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. For example. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. with anti-corrosive paint. Profile The profile of the contour plate. The finish type.

How much the beam is rotated around its axis. Finish is user-definable. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . fire retardant coating. with anti-corrosive paint. The type of finish. The horizontal position of the beam. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The material of the beams. relative to its reference point. e. Class Used to group beams. hot galvanized. etc. The analysis properties of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. e. etc.g. The position of the beam. hot galvanized. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. relative to its reference point. It describes how the part surface has been treated. For example. Finish is user-definable. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. and to identify parts of the same type.g. The design information of the beam. fire retardant coating. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *.dia. The support conditions of the beam ends. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile.Option Finish The finish type. The user-definable name of the twin profile. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam.

you can display parts of different classes in different colors. relative to the beam’s reference line. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Defines how the profiles are combined. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. The material of the pad footing. The type of finish. e. For example. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The beam position. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The design information of the twin profile. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. with anti-corrosive paint. etc. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing.g. perpendicular to the work plane. Creating a twin profile (p. fire retardant coating. hot galvanized. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. The offsets of the ends of the beam.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. relative to its reference point. The analysis properties of the twin profile. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. The vertical clearance between the profiles. Finish is user-definable. For example.cpf. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. in terms of depth. and to identify parts of the same type. Class Used to group pad footings. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. The vertical position of the pad footing. The support conditions of the twin profile ends.

you can display parts of different classes in different colors.g. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. hot galvanized. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. The material of the strip footing. The analysis properties of the strip footing. fire retardant coating. e. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. relative to its reference point. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. etc. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. The type of finish. It describes how the part surface has been treated. with anti-corrosive paint. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. Class Used to group strip footings. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing.csf. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. and to identify parts of the same type. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. For example. Finish is user-definable. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. Creating a pad footing (p.

ccl. Define the cast unit series of the column. The material of the column. etc. Creating a strip footing (p. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. How much the column is rotated around its axis. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. fire retardant coating. Warping. The design information of the footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Finish is user-definable.g. The support conditions of the column ends. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. and to identify parts of the same type. Creating a concrete column (p. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. The analysis properties of the column. The type of finish. with anti-corrosive paint. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. The design information of the column. Class Used to group columns. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. cambering and shortening of the column. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. hot galvanized. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. For example. e. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

fire retardant coating. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. and to identify parts of the same type. The support conditions of the beam ends. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. The type of finish. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Finish is user-definable. Class Used to group beams. relative to its reference line. Warping. For example. hot galvanized. The analysis properties of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. e. Define the cast unit series of the beam. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. The material of the beam. The beam position on the work plane. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam.cbm. etc. The offsets of the ends of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . The loading properties of the beam.g. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Creating a concrete beam (p. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. with anti-corrosive paint.csl. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. cambering and shortening of the beam. The design information of the beam. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam.

perpendicular to the work plane. Class Used to group slabs. with anti-corrosive paint. etc. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. Creating a concrete slab (p.cpn. The position of the slab. Define the cast unit series of the slab. The spanning properties of the slab. It describes how the part surface has been treated. with anti-corrosive paint. fire retardant coating. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The type of finish. hot galvanized. fire retardant coating. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab.g. Finish is user-definable. The material of the panel. The analysis properties of the slab. and to identify parts of the same type. It describes how the part surface has been treated. etc. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. The type of finish. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. and to identify parts of the same type. For example. The loading properties of the slab. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. The material of the slab. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Class Used to group panels. in terms of depth. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall).g. Finish is user-definable. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The design information of the slab.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. e. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. hot galvanized. e. For example.

The loading properties of the panel. Bolt assembly standard/grade. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The position of the panel. The analysis properties of the panel. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. Define the cast unit series of the panel. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 .4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. 227) Weld properties (p. The design information of the panel. The offsets of the ends of the panel. The spanning properties of the panel. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. relative to its reference line. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. 229) Weld types (p. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. See also Bolt properties (p. Creating a concrete panel (p. 81) 8. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter.

For example. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. enter a negative value for cut length (e. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B.g. -150). depending on the bolt group shape. If the bolt connects several parts. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Extra length Additional bolt length. y allowance of a slotted hole. Bolt spacing. Zero for a round hole. Bolt spacing. or co-ordinate. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two.e. depending on the bolt group shape. number. in both directions from the bolt group plane.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. x allowance of a slotted hole. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. Zero for a round hole. or coordinate. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. group diameter. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. Tolerance = Hole diameter . Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. In the illustration below. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes.

Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . Dy. bevels. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. Tekla Structures creates the weld. Bolts (p. 231). Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. For example. 93). you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. but does not display it drawings. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. not in drawings. or groove. The size of the weld.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. The angle of weld preparation. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. At depth Dx. Type Angle See Weld types (p. relative to the current work plane. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld.

Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. See Using welds to create assemblies (p.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. for example. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. for example. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. The space between the welded parts. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. See Weld position (p. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. 72). Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. To create a non-continuous weld. 92). information about the weld specification or process. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. For example. for example 50–100. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. To change the separator to @. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. defining the start and end points of the weld.

Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Defines the process type. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Defines the electrode strength. Welds (p.

to give plates varying thicknesses. for example.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. Use these fields. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The dimensions of the chamfer. See also Chamfering part corners (p. The name of the chamfer. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction.

Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. and the shape is straight. See also Chamfering part edges (p. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. 107) 8. The shape and position of the first end point. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. See also General numbering settings (p. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). The shape and position of the second end point. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. All information on previous numbers is lost. and the shape is angled. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. 234) Control number settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. and the shape is straight.

234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. and number of holes affects numbering. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. The part name affects numbering. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. size. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. numbering. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. and save sequence. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. See Assembly position numbers (p. The orientation of beams affects numbering. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. 157). Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. The orientation of columns affects numbering. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. Numbering objects (p. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible.

Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . Defines which objects are affected by the change. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. Needed only with the By numbering series option. No keeps the existing control numbers. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. See also Numbering objects (p. Control numbers (p. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. If some welds have been removed. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. Defines the interval between two control numbers. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 237) Part positioning tips (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. 241) 9. 239) Right-hand rule (p. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. See also Defining default part properties (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 2. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 238) Modeling identical areas (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently.

To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. Save time by modeling these areas once. Depending on the project. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. b Select an object. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. 3. try modeling an entire floor. For example. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. and object groups. c Enter the values you want to use. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. when creating grids and levels in a new model. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. 4. then copying it to several levels. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. In the box next to the Save as button. For a project that has several identical floors. selection filters. create an empty view or selection filter. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. from simple frames to entire floors. enter a name for the set of properties. 7. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . or an object group. Click Load to load the properties. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. To use a default set of part properties. Click Save as to save the set of properties. To stop copying or moving objects. 2. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. Before you start. This can useful when creating view filters. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. Start the Move or Copy command. then copying them throughout the model. 6. For example. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project.3. The dialog box remains open on the screen. enter BEAM. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. for example. 5.

then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. a b To select an object property. 3. and the middle finger the z axis. Page Down and arrow keys. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . 132) Creating a visualization (p. Download and install the application. 4. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. Click Add row.. and then select an object. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. select the review date. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. 3. 2. In the Value list box. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box.. Views (p. Open the Background color in model editor document. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1... Log in to the Tekla Extranet. the index finger the y axis. and then select one of the options. index finger.To select values from the model: 1. select one of the options. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. • See also Use the Page Up. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. To activate a view. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. or define the number of days before or after the review date. To select a date. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. you can use the Xmouse option. With Xmouse active. You can either select a date from the calendar. click Select date. click Select from model. to open the Select date dialog box. When you hold the thumb. 2. 2.

Click Display. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. For example. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. Clear the Cuts check box. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. See also Cuts (p.. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange.3 mm outside of the part planes. If the component fails. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. To locate the failure in the model. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . Try to position the cut at least 0. 3. to open the Display dialog box. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. the cut is more likely to succeed. Click Modify. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1.. • • • • If a cut fails. Note that after creating the polygon. 2. 4. Cuts (p.3 mm). click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. especially in components. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. use polygon cuts. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face.

Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. See also Modifying part length (p. or use the Fit Part End command. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. Hold down F.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. move the part handles. move the part handles. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. Hold down Z. It can cause problems with connections and details. This can cause shop errors. Click a row that contains an ID number. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. 2. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. Click a row that contains an ID number. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. To lengthen a part.

always pick points in the same direction. lines and circles. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. Create points. pick positions from left to right. 40) Points (p. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. Creating a single grid line (p. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. y directions). Use construction planes. such as beams. For example. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. 57) Fittings (p. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box.See also Part position (p. and from bottom to top (in positive x. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p.

...............................143 bolting sub-assemblies............. 72 attaching parts.......... 30 angle dimensions ........................................................................69 steel beams . 75 showing and hiding .........................................................................83 lotting................................. 75 comparing .................................65 bolts ..............83 casting direction ....................................................................................86 bolt offsets ............................148 creating..........67 warping.... 157 removing objects .............. 67.................................................................... 149 creating ..........................................................................................................................................................................83 top-in-form face ..................................................................68 orthogonal beams....................................................................................105 edge chamfers...83 cast units .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 143 arcs................................................................................ 74 numbering ............................Index # 3D models................................................................. 174 nested assemblies .............................................................. 191 angles...................................................174 numbering ................................................................................................................................................................................104 corner chamfer dimensions ...................................................................73.................................................. 131 sub-assemblies ........... 88 modifying ......81 adding non-concrete objects ................................................................... 71........................................................... 39 4D tool..................................199 b background color changing.............................................. 76 exploding...................84 changing the main part.. 23 examples...........................................................115 concrete beams...............82 cast unit type ............................ 76 highlighting ........................ 71 using bolts to create assemblies ........................................................................................................ 70 adding objects ...... 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 .........................................................................................82 exploding ........... 225 concrete polybeams ................................... 71 using welds to create assemblies ..........................................157 removing objects ................................ 117 c cambering parts..................................................... 227 bolt group position .......................... 75 joining............................................................................................................................................................................. 86..............79 curved beams...........82 adding objects ....................................... 75 lotting.......................................................................................73.................... see visualizing project status ................................................................................84 chamfering.................................................................................... 15 views ............ 74 changing the main assembly........................................................................................................................................107 in sketches .......................................................................................................................... 185 assemblies .113 bending.................. 85..................................................................... 71 examples..............105 corner chamfer types...87 bolt group shape.......................... 135 beams cambering.........................................................................................................................88 bolt spacing ..................105 corner chamfers .................. 218 steel polybeams .....................................................................................83 highlighting ............82 creating................................ 75 changing the main part..............................72 clash checking....................................... 79.........88 a absolute coordinates .....................115 cast in place..........................................................

.................. 78......................................... 224 steel columns.......................................................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................................235 coordinates coordinate system........ 224 pad footings .....................147 changing status .......... 145......................................................................................23 color settings .................113 constraints........146 class....................................................................................................................................................................................84 columns .........................135 project status visualizations ................ 78....................................................................................187 deleting ........................197 checking the model..........................................................................188 horizontal ................ 219 control numbers ................................................................... 225 cast units...........................148 changing priority . 145.................. 159 settings ................................ 78.......................................136 corner chamfers .............................................238 object groups ................... 69................................................................................................................. 149 bolts ..... 78....................................................144 colors .................... 146 clash checking .............................................................................. 79........................................186 coincident.......................147 symbols ..................186 perpendicular ...............................................104.............................................................................................. 51.... 116................ 158............55 background color ....................................................................................146 sessions............................................................... 144...77 beams ........................................................................................... 80.......40 construction circles .........................................133 object representation settings............................... 218 combining parts ...................239 grid color................................... 28...........................28 copying hints and tips........185 Clash Check Manager ..................................................................124 coincident contraints ..................... 225 strip footings .checking sketched cross sections .... 117 comparing parts or assemblies.....................................................41 construction planes..................................... 232 types and dimensions ................................................... 105....................................................................81 casting direction.......................................................................149 components showing and hiding.............167 clip planes....79 slabs ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................146 managing results ..132 concrete parts ................................................ 223 warping ...........187 colliding objects .................. 66.......189 construction objects .................................................................... 222 panels ........................ 55 classifying information ...........................213 finding RGB values...............................................................................................................23 background color examples................................................. 226 polybeams ..............................41 construction lines ............................187 vertical .................................40 contour plates .........................................................188 parallel .......189 fixed ....................................................... 81........ 31 columns concrete columns .............68.................................................................... 146......147 list of clashes .............................142 circles...........................

....................................................... 70 views ......................................................... 163............................... 67 storys.................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section............................................................................................................ 124 sections ......................171 exact lines...........................................................................138 creating project status visualization settings .............................................................................................. 111 d deleting logical areas .......... 165 tile pattern definition ............................... 164...............137 numbering ...................................................................................................... 168 sequences....................... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor............................. 41 construction lines ... 181 curved parts........... 86 cast units ............................................................................................................................ 69 pad footings............................ 107..............137 creating object representation settings................................................ 160 steel beams......................................................................... 82 clip planes ............................................................................. 93...... 108 grid lines........................................................... 41 construction planes .............. 67 steel columns ...................................................................................................... 132 object representation settings ...........119 examples assemblies ....................................................................................76 background colors .............................................................. 137..... 104............. 74 object groups.................................................................. 172 single bolts ..... 68 Custom Inquiry ............................. 110....................... 100 twin profiles ...............................................227 DGN supported objects ....... 174 models................ 40 contour plates...................... 184 slabs.................190 vertical ..................................................... 68 fittings............................................70...................................................101 visualizing erection schedules......................................162.............68.........131 examining the model ...........................192 display settings ...................................................... 88 sketched cross sections ............127 cuts .........................................................................204 defining erection schedules. 32 grid views ............................................................................ 35 welds ....... 168 strip footings............................................................................................. 80 standard-part models ............................192 in sketching ....................................................................................................................171 detail properties ............................................................................................ 109.................................. 79 concrete slabs .................139 visualizing project status ................................ 79 concrete columns ................................... 81 concrete polybeams .......................... 78 project status visualizations ........................................ 169 orthogonal beams ............ 124 concrete beams...........................................................................171 e edge chamfers.... 91..... 69 curved beams.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 71 bolts............................. 66 steel polybeams ...........171 object types ..............126 adding attributes.............. 112 polygon cuts .............................................................................. 30 holes.................................creating assemblies .193 horizontal.240 line cuts ...... 78 concrete panels..109 hints and tips ......65...................... 38 grids ........................................ 78 sub-assemblies ..........................................................................................................................................23 creating object groups ... 16 nested assemblies ............................................................................ 111 part cuts............................................................................................................... 134 object type categories ........89.............................................................191 between two points.................................................................................................. 232 end offsets ................................................................................................................................................ 109...................................191 deleting from a sketch .....................................143 dividing models.............48 dimensions angle......................................................127 modifying contents ........................................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 .......................................................................................................................................... 71 tile patterns........ 181 sketching cross sections ........................................................................................... 80 construction circles......................................................216 distances measuring.... 90 logical areas ........... 168 lots.............................................190 radial........................................................................................................................ 139 erection sequences ............................................63 erection schedules................................................................................................................... 136 screenshots......................

........................ 28.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................31 part labels .153 importing points ...................................................................31 origin............................................26 highlighting assemblies...........................................27 hiding assemblies...............................................29 modifying .....................................123 footings ...............64 line cuts...................................192 horizontal position ........................................................ see tips .............................................28 h handles .......................................................................131 local coordinate system ....................................188 horizontal dimensions ...............................................45 selected parts .............................................................................................212 grid views creating............................................................................................................................... 31 line extensions...............................................................................130 top-in-form face.................75 cast units................................................................................................................................................................................................................149 fittings .....................108 fixed constraints..............................................................................................83 reference models ...........145 finding distant objects ....................................................................................................................45 hints and tips.................... 109.......132 cut lines...................38 properties..............................................56 positioning planes ...203 inquiring models ..............................................................237 holes ........................................................57 of positioning planes.............................. 29.................188 flying through model ...........................................32 creating...84 unselected parts ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................75 l lengthening parts ..exploding assemblies.........................................................83 exporting sketched cross sections ........................................................57 moving .................................... 89......................................................31 grid color.......126 object properties ..........................................126 j joining assemblies............................203 extrusion types..............156 finding clashes .........................33 properties.........29 properties.......42 sketched cross sections.................................................. 31 labels .......240 grid labels ......................................152 reinforcements ....................195 reference lines ..............................................................................................................................................................................................32 deleting ...........................................................................116 levels. 223 g global coordinate system ......................................238 parts....................................211 work plane grid ......33 modifying ...............................30 deleting ........200 f family numbers ............................................................................................... 222.......................................................................................................................................155 example ......131 work area ........................................................................................................................................62 i identical areas..196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................................................................. 111 lines exact ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................78.... 90 horizontal constraints ..............................................................................................30 creating.......28 grid lines ....................163 modifying ..............................58 reference models ..................76 cast units ............................................215 grids coordinates ..131 components .................................................................................

....... 17 viewing ................... 175 removing ............138 object types .............................................................................................134 deleting....................................................................................................................... 73........... 154...........................161 identical parts .................................................................................................................................................. 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position .............. 119 zooming................................................................. 168 viewing .... 235 standard-part model .......158 reinforcements.............. 171 examining.............................. 34 Modeling of floor bay (66).......... 21 Model Organizer........log files viewing ......................... 15 checking for errors ................................................................................................................................................................. 151 organizing.................195 using handles ................................. 241 logical areas .................................................. 233.....................................122 positioning planes........... 169 object types ...............................................................................................................................................................159 numbering series.............160 user-defined attributes................................................. 169 o object groups ...........................................233 m Magnifier.................................133 example................................................... 175 creating ............................................137 transparency settings ...... 165 family numbers ...... 122 numbering .......................126 object representation settings............................. 234........................................................................................................................................213 copying to another model ..........................132 color settings .......... 163 history.............................................. 143 bolt spacing ... 143 angles.........................160 control numbers.......................................................... 167 rotating ...... 54 measuring objects .....................................................................................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 .................132 deleting...........................................................................................................................................................167....... 114 models about 3D models ........................ 16 dividing into phases........................................................................................................................ 174 deleting............................................................................................................................................................................................. 164........................................................ 238 parametric modeling............................................................................................................................ 156 settings ........... 158.............................................................................................................. 123 inquiring............................................................................ 155...................... 156 about numbering .............................................................................................................. 119 flying through model.................... 170 lotting.......... 159 examples ............................................................... 143 distances ..................... 175 moving hints and tips ........ 58 Model Editor screen layout.............................................................................................................. 126 moving.......................... 237 identical areas ...... 151..................................................................................................................................... 121 saving..................167 viewing ..............................157 checking and repairing ......................................................133 copying .................. 153....................................................172 series......... 174 adding parts .........135 creating............151 assemblies ................................153 what affects .... 142 creating .161 clearing.................238 models in a view.......................................................................................................................214 object property report templates...................................................... 119 modifying logical areas ...............................133 creating...........................................162...............................157 cast units ......................................................................................57 n nested assemblies..............................................................................................................................135 example............................................... 156.......... 74 numbering.....................152 identical reinforcements ........................157 sequences ................................152 numbering settings ........................... 163...........................................................................................................................................................................153 modifying .................. 120 materials.............................................154 preliminary numbers................................................ 176 rendered or plan view?................................................................ 167 modeling hints and tips ..............................

........................................................................................................................ 145 defining visibility.....................164 plane views ...128 finding distant objects ...............116 lotting ........................................115 lengthening in drawings ..................................149 inquiring properties .......122 parallel constraints...................................................................................................................................................... 112 default properties ....................................................55 warping ...................................242 positioning .............. 110. 172............................130 horizontal parts ..................242 showing and hiding.....................220 overlapping numbering series ................................................................................................................................................... 154............................................................116 comparing .......................................................................152 labels ..........................................................................................149 concrete parts .................................... 222 panels ...................................................217 parts adding to assembly.................77 cutting with another part ...............................................66 user-defined attributes .....................................................................................................156 views....................................... 67................................... 79 polygon cuts...............................63 opening models ......................................................................239 oversized holes......................................................186 parametric modeling ...........17 organizing the model ...................52 combining ......241 numbering.........................................................................42 phase and ID ............................187 phases .............................................................................56 showing and hiding.176 parametric profiles .......................................53 part add.....................167 orthogonal beams ..........56 lengthening ...............................................................................212 polybeams..................52 properties............................93 polylines ..............56 part properties............ 109................................... 78................ 156 part types ...............................objects clash checking ................................................................143 numbering...............................112 polygon welds .........................................................................................................................................................................................................117 part labels ..................176 profiles ...................237 hiding ............................................................126 measuring..................................................... see attaching parts ..................................................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................39 points ..........................116 showing only selected parts.......................65 cambering .....................70 bending ..............................................................................................................54 modifying part length ............................................................................................................................................ 173 shortening .... 111 polygon shapes....................81 panning .............................................................131 splitting.....................................................................................242 identical parts...113 perpendicular constraints......................................................................................................................... 57..................................................115 shortening in drawings.................................117 steel parts .................................................115 changing the material ........54 changing the profile ............................................................................................................................................................................212 importing ................................................42 coordinates ......................................................................................................... 144.................................................................................................................... 58 profiles .52 position ...............................................................................................................51 sequences .................................................................................................................................................156 placing objects in model ..........................128 offsets ..........................................................212 properties................................................74 assemblies............................131 showing with exact lines ................................................................................................171 in numbering ......174 material ...90 p pad footings ................................................

............................... 196 moving.............................................................17 sketched cross sections ........................... 60 end offsets.......................................................................... 53 separators ................................. 61 positioning planes...........43 clash checking................................................................................................ 65 redrawing views.........................................39 reinforcements identical .......................... 52 parametric ................................................................................... 62 levels .............................................................................................198 screen layout in Model Editor ............................................................................ 94 printing screenshots.......45 highlighting ......................................................................69 slabs .....................................................................................................53........................................58 round holes..... 135 copying...................... 125 priority in clash checking................................................57............ 201 standard ............................................. 136 deleting.............128 restoring default work plane ..... 48 reference models......................................................................................................................................48 supported DGN objects .........................45 viewing changes................. 53 weld size prefix.................................................................................................................... 195 reverting to default ................................................................................................................................................................ 136 creating .............................239 right-hand rule ..............121 parts .............46 reference points........................................................ 59 vertical..............position bending .........239 rotating models...............153 numbering ........... 70 user-defined .... 237 r radial dimensions ............................................... 64 on the work plane................................... 158 preparing parts for welding.................................................................................................................................................................................89 plates.......................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ....... 39 reference lines......................................................................................................................136..........................30 rendered views ..................44 modifying properties .................................................................................................................45 viewing layers..... 147 profiles......................................................................... 93 preliminary numbers.. 53 project status visualizations................................................................................ 53 twin profiles .............................. 47 selecting .... 65 depth ...........44 selecting ................ 197 prefixes profile name prefixes....................................................................................144 hiding..........................................................128 repairing numbering errors ................... 59 rotation ............................................... 193 handles............................................................................................................................................................45 inserting...............................................36 representation options............45 splitting into reference objects......................................................................................................126 reports viewing ....................................................241 representation options ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................197 to old clash checking functionality ........213 rotation angle knob ...............................................................................157 relative coordinates ................................................161 report templates for inquiring object properties ..................................................................................................................................................57 refreshing views.... 63 horizontal...............................48 updating............................................... 58 reference model objects ............................................................... 176 prefixes..................................................................................................28 reverting to default positioning planes.............................................................................................................................80 s saving models................ 136 example..................................................................................................................149 RGB values ........................... 53 sketched profiles .....59 rotation settings ............... 190 radius...... 138 properties default .................................................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................58 sequences .................. see screenshots .................224 concrete panel properties .................238 reference model objects .............185 creating ...................................................................227 display settings ..223 twin profile properties ..................................................................................................199 using in models..116 showing assemblies..................................................................................57 snapshots...........................................................197 circles................229 shifting the work plane ...........................213 screenshot settings. 194.......................................214 sections.........124 in Windows Vista ................................................94 Sketch Browser...................173 modifying ....58 top-in-form face.........................................................................................................................................................125 saving in bitmap format ..45 values from model ...........................................................222 part properties .......................................................................................218 strip footing properties ...............................................................................118 standard profiles .........184 creating images ........................................ 113......................................215 weld properties ...........................................................................................................................................................84 views.......................................................................................147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .186 adding dimensions...................201 variables ....182 sketch editor.........................................................225 contour plate properties...............................216 edge chamfer properties..........................................173 inquiring .....232 detail properties ............................168 selecting dates from model..............................................................................................................................212 grid properties........... 202...........................211 grid view properties ..........................................................201 example ...................................................................199 checking.................................................................................225 concrete column properties .............................................................131 components ......................................................................... 235 orthogonal beam properties...................................................................................................183 slabs..............................................................................................................................115 shortening parts in drawings ................................................................................226 concrete slab properties .............. 118 plates and slabs.221 view properties ...................................90 snapping to middle points.............................53 standard-part models .....................238 selection dial .....181 sketched cross sections.......................................................................227 concrete beam properties............................232 general modeling settings................................................................ 202...................................................................................173 settings bolt properties...............................198 sketch thickness ...............212 rotation settings ................................................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .....................................................................................204 exporting ....124 splitting parts.................................... 196 profiles ................................................................184 positioning planes ........................38 work area .............................................217 point properties....................201 refining the shape ..............................................................................................................26 single bolts ...............................................185 chamfers ....................125 settings ..................................................................................................................................................241 shortening and lengthening parts ................... 114 slotted holes............................................................125 printing... 117.......198 polylines...................................................... 203 modifying ....................................................172 adding parts........219 corner chamfer properties ...................................................................214 steel beam properties .190 arcs ..193................................................................................................................................218 steel column properties .............................................................220 pad footing properties.131 positioning planes .......48 reference models......................................186 saving ...........................................................173 creating..............56 parts with exact lines ...........................................................................................88 single grid lines ...........................................................195 reference lines ....................................................... 203 extrusion types...........................................172 deleting ..............................................................................................................211 grid line properties ......233....181 adding constraints.........................200 importing ..........................132 cut lines..............160 status in clash checking ......32 single-part welds ................................................................................................................................................240 parts labels ..........................................................................................215 numbering settings .......................................................................................215 view settings ............................................................................ 234......................................................................................................................................................................................80 warping ................................................................screenshots creating........................

.......... 70.........39 creating..............173 views..........35 deleting................................................................................................................................................ 124 numbering history....................... 242 cutting efficiently........................35 view planes................................................... 100 pattern definition example ....................................................................... 72 welding to existing assembly..............................128 visualizing project status....................................................................215 refreshing ............................................................... 68 orthogonal beams ............................................................................. 98 on selected areas.............................192 vertical position.................... 70 beams .................................189 vertical dimensions ... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 ................................................214 twin profiles......................................... 100 creating new tile patterns ................................................................. 66 assemblies ........................................................ 100 switching between views .............................................................................................................................36 moving.............39 temporary .....................238 variables in parametric modeling ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................136 t testing sketched cross sections .....................215 viewing logical areas ................170 models......21 user-defined attributes...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 69..........53 v values selecting from model .......... 98 on cut faces.................................... 239 copying and moving efficiently .......................................................33 arranging .. 219 curved beams........................................... 221 u user interface in Model Editor ................................... 242 right-hand rule ...................... 237 finding RGB values for colors......170 sequence numbers.................................... 168 strip footings ................................................................................................................................................................................................35 opening.................................................................................................................. 39 top-in-form face ..................... 95 adding ........................... 239 modeling identical areas ..............................39 switching between views ..........................38 overlapping..... 67 twin profiles .............................. 97 on part face ........................................................................ 221 storys..............70............................................................................ 104 tips activating overlapping views ...........239 properties .... 101 pattern definitions........................................................................................................................................................36 visibility of objects........84 transparency settings ................................................................................................................................................................. 218 contour plates.......... 71 bolting to existing assembly ................steel parts..............................39 closing .......55 in numbering...............38 modifying ....................... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ............................................................... 103 pattern elements ......................... 238 modifying part length........................................... 99 modifying..................................................................... 96 on all faces of part.......................... 97 tiled surface treatment.................................................................................. 238 creating horizontal parts............................................................................................................... 223 sub-assemblies .................................................... 72 surface treatment ........... 197 tiled surface treatment............ 97 on chamfered parts ............................ 220 polybeams........................66...........183 vertical constraints.........................................................................36 view types........................................................................161 object types ................................... 241 placing objects ...................................................................... 96 creating new surface treatments ..........................................153 user-defined profiles ..... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ........ 218 columns................... 240 defining default part properties.....................................................................61 view depth .......................................................................69.............................................................................................128 view planes......96................................................................... 119...............176 in sketching ............................. 239 selecting values from model...........................................................78......................................... 97 on parts with openings and recesses......37 view settings ...............................67................. 68.......................38 naming...........................................

........................................................................................................ 229 between parts ......28 shifting ......................................120 zoom window ...............................w warping beams......93 weld types....231 welding sub-assemblies ..........................................92 weld preparation .......... 128 defining .................................................................................................................... 91........................ 93...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 114 welds....................120 zoom settings.............26 work plane...........................91.......... 113....113 concrete slabs ...........................91 creating......................................................................................................... 25............................................................94 weld position................27 restoring.................27 workspace in Model Editor..........................................................................................36 work area ...............................94 weld size prefixes ...............................................................................234 polygon welds...................................26 hiding ..................... 94 numbering..................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................................................120 with keyboard shortcuts .....................................120 zooming in or out .................113 concrete parts.21 z zooming using Magnifier ............................................................................................................72 wire frame views .................................................93 single-part welds...............................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .