Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

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........... Creating a round contour plate ...................................................................................................................................Changing the profile of a part ............................................................................................................................................. 3....................................................................... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ....................................................................4 Creating an assembly.............................. 57 Steel parts.............................................. Adding objects to assemblies....................... Changing the material of a part ...................................... Part labels .................................................................................................................. End offsets ...................................................................................... Using welds to create assemblies ....... Materials. Creating a contour plate ......................................................................................................... 66 Assemblies....................................................................................................................................... Position depth ................................................................................ Creating a sub-assembly ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a nested assembly .... Using bolts to create assemblies .............................................. Colors .................. Showing part reference lines in model views .............................. 3.....................................................................3 Creating a steel column............... Standard profiles ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Adding parts to an assembly ......................................................................... 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ............... Creating a steel polybeam......... Creating a curved beam ................................................................... Creating a steel beam ........................ 3.................................................................................................................................................. Bending ...................................... Assembly hierarchy ................................................................................. Rotation ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Showing part labels in a view ....................................................................................................................................... Creating a twin profile......................................................................................................................... Horizontal position ..................................................................................................................................................................................... Parametric profiles .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Moving a part using handles ............ Position on the work plane .................... User-defined profiles ..................................................................................................... 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Modifying the position of a part ...................... Vertical position ....................... Levels ........................................................................................................... Creating an orthogonal beam................................................................................................... User-defined attributes ..............................................

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ......................................................................................................................................... Changing the cast unit main part .................................................................................................. 3..................... Defining the casting direction of a part .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Exploding a cast unit ... Creating a concrete panel ................................ Bolt group position ..............................................................................................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing.............................................................................................................................................................. Creating a single bolt ...... Casting direction .............................................................................................. 77 Cast units............................ Bolt group shape ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Exploding an assembly .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a concrete slab ..................... Assembly examples .............................. 89 Creating round holes...................................... Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ................................................Joining assemblies ........ Highlighting objects in a cast unit............... 4................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete column ...................................................... Creating a round slab ............................1 Bolts.................................................... Defining the cast unit type.......................... 85 Creating a bolt group.....................................................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit ............................................................................ Removing objects from an assembly .............................. Removing objects from a cast unit .............................................................................................. 89 Creating slotted holes .......................................................................... 85 4....................................................................... 81 4 Detailing Structures ........................................................................................................................... Changing the main assembly ....................................................................... Creating a concrete polybeam ..................................................... Highlighting objects in an assembly ..................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing the assembly main part ........ Showing the top-in-form face ................................................................................... Creating a strip footing .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3............... Creating a concrete beam............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 .............................. Bolt offsets ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ..........2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes............................................................... Adding objects to cast units ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Changing or adding bolted parts .............................................................................

............................................. Corner chamfer types and dimensions .............................................................................. 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ................................. 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ................................................................................................................................ Chamfering part corners ........................................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options.............................. Polygon cuts ........................... 103 Tile pattern elements .... Cutting parts with another part ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ......................................................................... 104 Chamfers................................ Polybeam chamfers ....................... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...........................................................................................................................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ........................................................................................................................ 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ............................................................................. Warping a beam using deformation angles .......................................................................................... Creating a polygon weld........................................................................................................................................................................................ 90 4....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment.........................................................................Creating oversized holes...................................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ......................... Creating a weld to a part .................... Weld size prefixes ........................ Manually preparing a part for welding .. Cutting parts with a polygon ................................................................................................................. 91 Creating a weld between parts.. Weld preparation ........................ Fittings....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the shape of a polygon.................................................................. Cuts ......................................... 100 Example pattern definition .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Line cuts ............................................................................................................................................................................. 4....................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part .......................... Chamfering part edges ........................... Part cuts ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Warping concrete parts ................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a fitting ........................... 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ............................................. 99 Tiled surface treatment................................................................................................. 100 Creating new tile patterns ............................................................................................. Cutting parts with a line .......................................................................................................... 101 Tile pattern definitions ............................................... 104 4......................................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ........................................ Weld position .....................................................................................................................................................................3 Welds ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....... 116 Attaching a part to another part........................................................................................................................................................... Flying through the model...................................................................................................... Representation options ..................... Shortening and lengthening parts ................................... Moving the model.......................... Object property report templates .................................................................................................... Rotating the model .................................................. Hiding unselected parts.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Cambering parts..........Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ..............................................7 Splitting parts ........................................ Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 117 4...............1 Viewing the model .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts......................................................................................... 118 Splitting a plate or slab......................................................................... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ..................... 119 Zooming the model ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model ...................................................................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool .......... 126 Showing and hiding objects ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Showing and hiding assemblies............................................................ Saving a screenshot in bitmap format .............................................................................................. Creating a clip plane ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Printing a screenshot ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4......... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ..................................................................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ................................................... Cambering a part ................................. Creating a screenshot........................................................................................................................ Modifying the zoom settings .................................. 5...................................................3 Defining which objects are displayed ................................................................................................ Zooming with Magnifier ................................................................................................... 5........... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ........... 118 5 Examining the Model............................................................................................................................................................................................. Shortening a part in drawings ............................................................ 116 Combining two parts into one... Hiding selected parts........... 119 5....................................................................................................................................................................2 Inquiring object properties........................................................................................................................................................ Lengthening a part in drawings ................................................. 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ................................. Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab .......................................................... Showing parts with exact lines ..........................................................................................................................................................................

.............................................................. Deleting object representation settings .... Detecting clashes .............................................................. Comparing parts or assemblies..................... 5......... Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ..................................... Measuring distances .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5.................5 Measuring objects .............................................. Copying visualization settings to another model ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Showing and hiding components .............. Copying an object group to another model .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 151 What affects numbering ......................................................................................... 151 6............................4 Creating a visualization .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating an object group .................................................. 135 Checking the model ....................... 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part .......................................................... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ...... Example: Creating visualization settings .............................................................................................................................................................. Measuring angles ..................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ............................................................................................................................................................................... 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......... Object groups ............................................................................. Example: Creating object representation settings ....................................................................... Measuring bolt spacing .............................................1 6................ Finding clashes in a model .............................................................................................................................................2 What is numbering .......................................... Example: Defining an erection schedule ...................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Defining numbering series .................... 152 Identical reinforcements ................................................................ Copying object representation settings to another model ....................... Object representation settings............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 152 Identical parts ..................... 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status................ Deleting an object group ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Deleting visualization settings ............................... Creating object representation settings .. 153 User-defined attributes in numbering .................................................................................................................. Clash Check Manager ............. 142 6 Numbering the Model........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Finding distant objects..................................................................................... 153 Planning your numbering series........................................... 153 6....................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Creating object groups ..................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ..........................

...................................... Creating a standard-part model ........................................................................ Assembly position numbers ............... Example: Numbering settings during a project ................................... 161 Numbering examples.......................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part........ 7..........................................................................................................................4 Lotting ......... Assigning control numbers to parts ..............................................1 Organizing the model.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting logical areas and object type categories........................................................................................................................................................... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ..................... Example: Numbering parts in selected phases............................................. 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling.................................................................................................................................................... 172 173 173 173 173 7................................................................................................... Changing the family number of an object ................................................................................. Overlapping numbering series .............................................................................................................................................5 6..................................................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects....................................................................... 6................................................................. Viewing logical areas and object type categories .............................................................................. 162 Example: Numbering identical beams............................................ Example: Using family numbers........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 161 Repairing numbering errors .......................... Adding parts to a sequence ............................................................................................................................. 167 Creating logical areas .................................................................. 167 7........................................................................................................... Numbering reinforcements......................................................................................................................... Changing numbers................................................ 172 Creating a sequence ...................6 6.... Saving preliminary numbers.................................................... 171 Dividing the model into phases .............2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Numbering selected part types .................................................................................................. 171 7........... Modifying logical areas and object type categories......... Clearing numbers........................................................ 6...................................................................................................................................................................... Checking the sequence of a part ..........................................................Family numbers................................. Deleting a sequence ..................................................................................................................... 171 Custom phase properties ............... 156 Viewing the numbering history................................................................................ Control numbers....................................................... Assigning family numbers ................................ Locking and unlocking control numbers ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating object type categories....................................................3 Sequences.................................................................................

...... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section............................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ..................................................................................5 7.....................................................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ..................................................................................................................................... Adding a coincident constraint .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Deleting a constraint .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Modifying a sketched cross section............................................................................................................................................................................................................Creating a lot ......... Removing parts from a lot ............................................................................................ Adding a fixed constraint ............................ Sketching a polyline ............................................................................................. Sketch Browser .................................................................... Modifying chamfers in a sketch ................................................ Setting the sketch thickness ......................................................................................... Adding a radial dimension to a sketch .... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ................................................................................ Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section............................................................. Deleting a dimension from a sketch ................................................... Deleting a lot ................................................................. Cross section extrusion types .......................................................................................... Connection positioning planes ................................................................................... Sketching an arc ........ Adding a horizontal constraint .......................... Adding a perpendicular constraint .................................................................................................................................................................................. Moving positioning plane handles ............... Reverting to default positioning planes ................................ Adding a vertical constraint ............................................................................................................................................................................................... Moving positioning planes ......... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......................................................................................... 176 Sketched cross sections ....................................................................................................... Checking a sketched cross section .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Variables ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding an angle dimension to a sketch .................................................................................................................................................................................... 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ..................................................................................................... Part positioning planes ............... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ......................... Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding parts to a lot ......................................................................... Showing and hiding positioning planes ....................................................................................................................................................... 7. Saving a sketched cross section ...................................................... Adding a parallel constraint ........................................................................................... Sketching the outline of a cross section .......................................................................................... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor .... Sketching a circle .................

.......... 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ...................................................................................................................................... 229 Weld types . Concrete panel properties........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings................................................................................................................ Orthogonal beam properties ....................................................................... 211 Grid properties ........................................ Contour plate properties........................................ Example: Setting the cross section thickness ................................... 216 8.......................................................................................................................................... 211 8............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Twin profile properties........................................................................................................................................................ Example: Using the cross section in a model ....... Steel beam properties ............................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings... Transparency settings............................................................................................................ Grid line properties......................................4 Detail properties............................................ 227 Weld properties ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ............................................................................... Concrete slab properties ................................................................................................................................................................... Importing sketched cross sections .......................................................................................... 8...................................................................................................................................................................... Strip footing properties ................................ 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8.............. 215 View properties ............................................................. Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section................................................................................................ Pad footing properties.................................................................................................................................... Concrete beam properties.......................................................................................................................................................... 227 Bolt properties........................................................................................................................................... Screenshot settings.................................................................................................................................................... Color settings .. Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section .............................................................................................................................................................. Creating an image of a sketched cross section ............................ 215 Grid view properties ........3 Part properties ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 215 Display settings ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Concrete column properties ...............1 General settings..... Rotation settings .. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ........................................................................................................................................ Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section .................................................................................... Point properties . 217 Steel column properties ....... Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section .................................................................... Exporting sketched cross sections ....................................................................

9.............. 233 General numbering settings . 237 9.................................................................................................... Activating an overlapping view ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Optional ways of placing objects in a model ........................................... 232 Edge chamfer properties ..................................................................2 Modifying part length ................. 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................................ Copying and moving efficiently...............................................................1 General modeling tips .............. Modeling identical areas...................................................................................................................................... Finding RGB values for colors................................................................................................................................................................................... 237 Defining default part properties ................................................................................................ 235 9 Modeling Tips ....................................................................................... Cutting efficiently ............................. Selecting values from the model .................................................. 234 Control number settings .................. Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern........... 233 Weld numbering settings........................................................................................................................ 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips.......................................................................................................................................................................................... Right-hand rule......................................................................................................... Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ....................................... Creating horizontal parts ................................................................................... 232 8..........................Corner chamfer properties .............................................................5 Numbering settings ........................................................................................................ Hiding cut lines in a view .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

as they react to modifications in the model. 18) 1. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 .1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. create. 16) Opening a model (p. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. 15) Creating a new model (p. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. you can create a real-life model of any structure. and save models in Tekla Structures. 17) Saving a model (p. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. such as reports and NC data files. 17) Model templates (p.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. 25) Work plane (p. the icons and available menu options will become active. 27) Coordinate system (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 40) Points (p. 28) Grids (p. Initially. a new window appears on the screen. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . 29) Views (p. 42) Reference models (p. 21) Work area (p. 43) 2. When you open or create a model. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 33) Construction objects (p.

23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions. and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.

> Model View. 239) Background color examples (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . To use the default background color.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. 2. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. Finding RGB values for colors (p. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. set the same value for all four corners of the background.. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately.. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. 3. and so on. leave the advanced option fields empty.

0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .2 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 Result 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.RGB values 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.2 0.0 1.

0 0.8 0.0 1.3 0.RGB values 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 Result 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.6 0.0 0.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.3 0.0 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.2 0. dashed lines. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 . 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.0 1.8 0.2 0. 239) 2.0 0.6 1.

To define the work area: 1. see the corresponding menu tooltip. For more information on each command. or in all visible views. > Model View. You can define the work area in a selected view. but they are not visible. 2. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. for example. 3. for example. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. See also Work area (p. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. Alternatively. Objects outside the work area still exist. Tekla Structures hides the work area. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. 2. Click OK or Apply. 1. or all model objects. To make the work area visible again. 26) Hiding the work area (p. 5. or size the work area to include selected parts. 25) Hiding the work area If you want.You can define the work area to suit particular situations... See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. This can be useful. when creating screenshots for presentations. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. See also Defining the work area (p. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. click View > Redraw All again. set the advanced option to FALSE. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. To make the box visible again. you can hide the green work area box. Work area (p. 4. Click View > Redraw All.

2. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. See also Shifting the work plane (p. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. For example creating points. see the corresponding menu tooltip. When modeling sloped parts. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. so it is the same in all views. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. To shift the work plane: 1. For example. or on a part or view plane. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. For more information on each command. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. 3.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p.2. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. The work plane also has its own grid. 28) Right-hand rule (p. part positioning. parallel to one of the global basic planes. which is the local coordinate system of the model. The current work plane is model-specific. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. To display the work plane grid. which can be used for positioning parts. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color.

2.0 0. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. > Model View. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. set the value to 1. 239) 2. For example. Set Depth coordinate to 0. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. y. To restore the default work plane: 1. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x.0 0. Click OK. 3. Click Change.See also Work plane (p. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. 2. Work plane (p.. See also Work plane (p. to change the color to red. 4. 3.... Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.0. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. Set Plane to XY. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. 4.

A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes.In wire frame views. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . 27) View types (p.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. See also Work plane (p. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. 36) 2.

Y0. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. Y0. For example.. 30) Modifying a grid (p. See also Click Create. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. To manually create a grid: 1. 31) Changing the grid color (p. 3. If you do not pick a point. 0 4000 4000. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. and Z0. The z coordinates are absolute. 4. For example. Click Modeling > Create Grid. 30) Grid labels (p. 29) Grid coordinates (p. Optional: When prompted. 30) Coordinate system (p. and Z0. Modify the grid properties. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. Grids (p. 31) Grid lines (p. 31) Deleting a grid (p. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. See also Creating a grid (p. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. 2. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid.You can have more than one grid in a model.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . See also Creating a grid (p. 5. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. 0 2*4000. 31) Grid properties (p. You can also create grids manually..

See also Grids (p. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. is selected. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. If you have also other objects selected. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. When you delete a grid. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. is selected. The Grid dialog box appears. 3. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Modify the grid properties. When working with very large grids. 29) Creating a grid (p. See also Grids (p. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. 3. 29) Grid properties (p. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. 2. not the grid. 2. See also Click Modify to save the changes. If you wish. Grids (p. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. 4. you can leave the label fields empty.

29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. When you select a grid line. 2.0.0 0. For example. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. Pick the end point of the grid line. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1.1. to change the color to red. 4. 4. You can use handles to move the grid lines. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. See also Grids (p.. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . See also Grids (p. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. set the value to 1. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. Click OK. Single grid lines have handles.0 0. > Model View. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. 2. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. the handles appear in magenta.. 3. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Pick the starting point of the grid line. 3.

For example. 3. 3. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. not the grid line. Grid lines (p. 2. is selected. See also is selected. When you delete a grid line. If you also have other objects selected.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. Modify the grid line properties. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. 4. 32) Grid line properties (p. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. 32) 2. 2. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. See also Grid lines (p. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects.See also Grid lines (p. Click Modify to save the changes.

39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 35) Opening a view (p.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 39) Arranging views (p. which is useful for different tasks. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. 39) Refreshing views (p. This places the part in the center of the view. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . plane. create a 3D view of the part. 38) Modifying a view (p. 38) Switching between open views (p. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 38) Deleting a view (p. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. See also Creating a view (p. and elevation views provide different types of information.

Tekla Structures only saves the named views. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. b Type a unique name in the Name field. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. 2. See also Views (p. Views (p. Select a view command from the View menu. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. If several users have different views with the same name. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. See also Creating a view (p. For more information on each command. disappear when you close them. or the view will not be saved for later use. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. When you exit the model. In multi-user mode. 33) View settings (p. 36) Creating grid views (p. which have a default name in parentheses. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 35) View types (p. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. it is very important to give views unique names. 215) About naming views (p. Optional: Save the view.If you are working with two screens. 3. c See also Click Modify. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. 36) View planes (p. Temporary views. Do not use parentheses when naming a view.

128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. In the basic plane view. 35) Representation options (p. and zy). xz. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . In basic views. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. • See also Creating a view (p. It does not appear in the plane name.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view.

or enter its coordinates. Click the view. Moving a view plane (p. Other views For view types other than basic views.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. Click Move. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. Pick the end point of the translation vector. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . When you move a view plane. 3.. 37) Creating a view (p. 5. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. See also View planes (p. If the Move ..Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. 4. To move the view plane: 1. or the points are defined automatically. 2. from the pop-up menu. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. or enter its coordinates. depending on the creation method.

2. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 5. The Views dialog box appears. See also Creating a view (p. Before you start. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. Click View > View List. and which view properties it will use. or double-click a view to open it. To create grid views: 1. The Views dialog box appears. 35) Grid view properties (p. 4.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. Tekla Structures displays a warning. If the view does not appear. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. create a view that contains a grid. and all visible views on the right. 33) View settings (p. Modify the grid properties. 2. 3. If you try to open more than nine views. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. See also Views (p. how it will name the views. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. Select the grid. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Click Create. check how many views you have open. To open multiple views. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. 3. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. 2.. Views (p.. Modify the view properties.. Click Modify...

33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. In the View Properties dialog box. 33) Switching between open views (p. select an option from the Angle list box. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. Select the view you want to delete. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. Click View > Redraw All. Views (p. To delete multiple views. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. 3. The Views dialog box appears. Views (p. Views (p. Click View > View List. and then click Modify. 2... 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. See also Views (p. and all visible views on the right. select a view from the list. On the Window menu.1. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. Click Delete. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane.. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 .

the attached handles and chamfers move with it. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. select the Magnetic check box. and circles help you place other objects. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. Click the middle mouse button. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. lines. 2. 40) Creating a construction line (p. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. 6. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. See also Views (p. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. 3. Tekla Structures draws the plane. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. Type a name for the plane. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . When you move the plane. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. Pick four points. 5. They do not appear in drawings. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. Double-click the plane in the model. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. You cannot use the Cascade.7 Construction objects Construction planes. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. Click View > Close All. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. For example. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. 4. Tile Horizontally. See also Creating a construction plane (p. For example.To arrange the views. 33) 2.

7. 3. Pick the end point of the construction line. For more information on each command. c Click Modify. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. Click Modify. See also Construction objects (p. See also Construction objects (p. 2. See also Construction objects (p. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. b Select the Magnetic check box. 2. Pick the starting point of the construction line. a Double-click the line in the model. 4.

42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. 42) Importing points (p. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. 42) Point properties (p. For more information on each command. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. When you create points. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. 2. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Points (p. Create a point import file. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. See also Creating a point (p. To import points from a file: 1. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. see the corresponding menu tooltip.2. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar.

Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line.700.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model.3dd) IFC files (*.prp) Cadmatic models (*.dwg) MicroStation (*.rop. Type point in the Search field and click Search. b Save the file.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point.igs. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. 42) 2.1000 300. Click Create. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. For example. *. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model.IFC) IGES files (*. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. or a heating. 6. Double-click Point Creation Import (8). For example: 100. an architectural model.500. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. *. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on.1500 2. Type the ASCII file name.dgn. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. If you do not specify the path. 7.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. 4. During the import process. See also Points (p. Include the full path and the file extension.dxf) AutoCAD (*. See also Inserting a reference model (p. a plant design model. 3. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. 5.

2. See also Reference models (p. Click User-defined attributes. Click the Browse.. Click File > Insert Reference Model. Modify the properties and then click Modify. 4... Pick a position to define the reference model origin. the file does not exist. 46) Reference model objects (p.. Set the scale of the reference model. 3.inp file. 3. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. For more information on user-defined attributes. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. Open a Tekla Structures model. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. button to browse for the reference model file. 5. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . If you do not define a reference model file to use. Check the work plane position.Updating reference models (p. 4. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. 6. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model.. see Adding properties. 7. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. or you forget to click Apply.. 2. Click File > Reference Model List. if it uses different measurement units).

.. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. switch. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1.ifc) Cadmatic (. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. Reference models (p. See also Click File > Reference Model List. Reference models (p. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model... To highlight a reference model: 1. but the changes are rarely documented. Click File > Reference Model List.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p.. To update all reference models: 1. Select a reference model from the list. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. Click File > Reference Model List. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache.xml) 3D DWG (.3dd) WebViewer (. 2.. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. 2. Click Reload all. See also Reference models (p. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. 2. you can highlight them. 2. See also Reference models (p.

Click Display. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. For example. select Inserted to see the added objects.. 2. 3. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects.. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. Double-click the reference model.To view changes in a reference model: 1. 4. See also Reference models (p. button next to the Old file name field. To view reference model layers: 1. Double-click the reference model.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

51

. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 53) User-defined profiles (p. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. A parametric profile. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. button next to the Profile field. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. 52) Standard profiles (p. 2.. • For steel parts. When you create or modify a part. Icon Description A standard profile. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 66) Concrete parts (p. 51) Steel parts (p. parametric.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. click the Select. and user-defined profiles. 53) Parametric profiles (p. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1.

so you should not edit them. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. • 5. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. For concrete parts. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. For example. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . 52) Sketched cross sections (p. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. 6. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . X. the profile catalog contains standard. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. See also Profiles (p. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. See also Profiles (p. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. Click Modify. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. environmentspecific profiles. • To select a recently used profile. select the Show all profiles check box. click the button next to the Shape field. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. • To see all the properties of profiles. select the Show details check box. /. Select a profile from the list. See also Profiles (p. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. See also Profiles (p. use the Profile name list box. 4. By default. If you select a parametric profile. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. Click Apply or OK.• 3. and *.

including the modulus of elasticity. Click Modify. select the Show details check box. 2. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. they can be former names. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. partial safety factors. See also Materials (p. porosity. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. 6. and thermal dilatation coefficient. such as strengths. and so on. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade.. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. For example. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. • 4. Optional: Define what material information you want to see.Materials When you create or modify a part. 3. select the Show aliases check box. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. The Select Material dialog box appears. Poisson’s ratio. Click Apply or OK. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. • To see all the properties of materials. or names used in different countries or standards. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. For example.. 5. Click Select. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. Select a material from the list. or country-specific properties. next to the Material field.

The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used... In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Attributes can consist of numbers. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. or in projects. or lists. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. When drawings of the parts are created.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. text. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups.

. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. and Moment User field 1. Each end of a part can have a different connection code.4 Connection code Can be used. 3. 4. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures. Select the Part label check box. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. user-defined attributes. Click Display. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p. See also Part properties (p.. In the Display dialog box. go to the Advanced tab.. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. Tension. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. See also Part properties (p. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports... User-defined fields. 2. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels..

58) Modifying the position of a part (p. When you select a part. 6. for example. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. 7. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . a Select a property in the Properties list. just drag the part to a new position.2 Part position When you create a part. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. the rest are magenta. See also Moving a part using handles (p. The points form the part reference line.5. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. 3. 2. The handle of the first end point is yellow. 58) Part positioning tips (p. Click Modify. Move the part like any other object. you position it by picking points. Part labels (p. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. The Part label dialog box appears. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. Select the part. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. See also Part position (p. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. Select the handles. b Click Add. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. 56) 3. If Drag and Drop is switched on. Tekla Structures displays the handles.

Click Display. Hold down Shift to override this.. 3. Part position (p.. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. Plane offset. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. Click Modify and OK. use the round selection dial.. To change the Angle. For example.. to open the Display dialog box. or Depth offset. • • • To change the overall position of the part. Click in the Mini Toolbar. 2. modify the desired position settings. On the Position tab. enter a value in the corresponding box. To change the rotation angle. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. Click Modify. Modify the settings. See also Position on the work plane (p. 3. The object moves in the model accordingly. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. Click and drag to select a position. 2. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. 4. On the Advanced tab. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Click View > View Properties. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. select the Part reference line check box.

type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. To do this. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. 63) Levels (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. 60) Vertical position (p. 64) Bending (p. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 59) Position depth (p.Rotation (p. 61) Horizontal position (p. 62) End offsets (p. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 .

58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . perpendicular to the work plane. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation.

relative to its reference point.Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 .

relative to its reference point.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part.

You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. relative to its reference line. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. You can enter positive and negative values.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part.

58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). you must modify their bottom level position. relative to the picked point. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. Use to define the position of the second end. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. In this example. not at the level you picked.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. To position the upper columns correctly. you can enter the positions of the part ends. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end.

The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Alternatively. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700.Top level = 1000. You can also define the plane of curvature. you need to specify the number of segments. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. for example a curved beam. the less angular the part appears. which is relative to the current work plane. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments.

67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. 68) Creating a contour plate (p.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. Pick the position of the column. 3. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. 66) Creating a steel beam (p.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. Click the Create column icon. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. 2. See also Creating a steel column (p. 58) 3. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p.

You can also create bent plates with this command. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . 3. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. See also Steel beam properties (p. To create a steel polybeam: 1. Click the Create beam icon. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 2. Click the Create polybeam icon. Pick the starting point. 218) Levels (p. 3. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Pick the end point. 4. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. See also Steel column properties (p. 2. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN.

chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 5. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. 5. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. Pick the starting point again. 4. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. See also Steel beam properties (p. Click the Create curved beam icon. To create a contour plate: 1. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 3. Pick the starting point. 3. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. 4. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 218) Bending (p. Click the Create contour plate icon. 106) Steel beam properties (p. Pick the starting point (1). 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Double-click the end point. 2. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 2. 5. Optional: To create curved segments.4. Pick a point on the arc (2). Pick the end point (3).

Select the plate. 3. from the list box.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. 3. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. 2. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. Click Modify.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . 7. 5. 219) Chamfers (p. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. See also Creating a contour plate (p. Pick the position of the beam. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 69) Contour plate properties (p. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. 2.. 6. 68) Contour plate properties (p. 4.

220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. By default. To create a twin steel profile: 1.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. 2. 3. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. See also Creating an assembly (p. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. You can change the main part in an assembly. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. or by joining assemblies together. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. See also Twin profile properties (p.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 4. 221) 3. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. Pick the starting point. Pick the end point.

You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created.Exploding an assembly (p. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. 2. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 2. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Creating an assembly (p. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . Assemblies (p. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 3. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 3. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Assemblies (p. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. 76) Assembly examples (p. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together.

In the Connect part/assembly list box. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. 7. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 6. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. 6. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. 5. 2. In the Connect part/assembly list box. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. Click Apply or OK. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. 5. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. Click Apply or OK. 4. 2.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. When you connect assemblies. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. select As sub-assembly. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. Using welds to create assemblies (p. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Pick the bolt group origin. Assemblies (p. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. You can create workshop welds and site welds. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. 3. select As sub-assembly. 4. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 3. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded.

You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. See also Assemblies (p. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. through the basic and sub-assemblies. from single parts and bolts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 74) Joining assemblies (p. To work with nested assemblies.

Select the part you want to add. marks. etc. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the assembly to add to. 3. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. 2. 3. fabrication information. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . and still produce dimensions.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. for all assembly levels. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 4. Select the assembly to add to. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. 4. 2. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.

Select the assemblies you want to join. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. 3. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 3. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. Select the new main part. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Tekla Structures changes the main part. 2. See also Select the new main assembly. 2. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. You can change the main assembly at any time. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 2. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. 4. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. See also Changing the main assembly (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. 2. Assemblies (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . 2. c Select the assembly.

The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Assemblies (p.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. 2.main part Concrete . always starting from the highest level. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. and then attached to the column in another workshop. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. • To only explode the sub-assembly.main part Steel part . Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. To explode an assembly: 1. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level.

Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. See also Creating a pad footing (p. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . Assemblies (p. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. 78) Creating a concrete column (p.Drawing 2. Workshop 2 Drawing 1.

223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. 3. See also Strip footing properties (p. Double-click the end point. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 2. Pick the position of the column. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. Click the Create concrete column icon. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. 3. Optional: To create curved segments. 2. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. 3. Pick the pad footing position. Click the Create pad footing icon. chamfer the corners of the footing. Click the Create strip footing icon. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 5. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. See also Pad footing properties (p. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking.Creating a concrete slab (p. 4. 2. Pick the points you want the footing to go through.

4. 3. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Double-click the end point. 2. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 4. 5. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Pick the end point.See also Concrete column properties (p. See also Concrete beam properties (p. 3. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Click the Create concrete beam icon. Optional: To create curved segments. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. Pick the starting point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. chamfer the corners of the polybeam.

See also Creating a round slab (p. Click the Create concrete slab icon. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. Click Modify. 4. 6. from the list box. Pick the starting point. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. To create a concrete slab: 1. Pick the corner points of the slab.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 3. 3. 2. 5. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. Pick the starting point again. 4. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Select the slab. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 5. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. 7.

Cast units can include reinforcement. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Creating a cast unit (p. By default.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. 2. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. 225) Chamfers (p. Click the Create concrete panel icon. 3. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. For example. You can change the main part in a cast unit. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 5. Double-click the end point. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. 4. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. 104) 3. chamfer the corners of the panel. each part is considered a separate cast unit. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. as well as concrete parts. Optional: To create curved segments.

Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. Select the new main part. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. Adding objects to cast units (p. 4. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. See also Cast units (p. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 2. 3. 83) Casting direction (p. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. 3. such as steel parts and insulation. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 3. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the objects you want to add. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. 2. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Adding objects to cast units (p. Select an object in the cast unit. 2. 4. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. Cast units (p. This applies to anything that is not concrete. 3.

See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. select Precast or Cast in place. Select the objects you want to remove. Cast units (p. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. Cast units (p. 2.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. 2.main part Concrete . To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Cast units (p. 3. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . 2. In the Cast unit type list box. Go to the Cast unit tab.main part Steel part . Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . 2. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . 4. Click Modify to save the changes. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From.

Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. 2. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To hide the top-in-form face again. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. Select a concrete part. 3. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. See also Select a concrete part. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. See also Casting direction (p. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. 2. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. Casting direction (p. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. See also Cast units (p.

95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 91) Surface treatment (p. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . 89) Welds (p. 116) Splitting parts (p. 117) 4. 85) Holes (p.1 Bolts To create bolts. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. 104) Combining parts (p.

and nuts) while creating holes. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. Select the main part. Modify the bolt group. washers. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. See also Apply a component. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 227) Bolt group shape (p. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. Select the secondary parts. 4. 2. 87) Bolt offsets (p. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. 6. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. 85) Bolt properties (p. 3. 7. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Pick a point. 3. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. Explode the component. See also Creating a bolt group (p. Bolts (p. 86) Bolt group position (p. 2. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. which is the bolt group origin. 5. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. Optional: Modify the bolt properties.

Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. from the bolt group point of origin. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. from the bolt group point of origin. x coordinate of each bolt. Diameter of the bolt group. y coordinate of each bolt. Number of bolts. in the y direction of the bolt group. in the x direction of the bolt group. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 .Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts.

Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. 2. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. Click Apply to save the changes.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. 5. See also Creating a bolt group (p. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. Bolts (p. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. 4. Under Bolt group. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. The starting point values Dx. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. 85) Bolt properties (p. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . select Array from the Shape list box. type 0. 3. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. Follow the instructions on the status bar. relative to the bolt group x axis. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked.

Optional: Modify the hole properties. See also Bolts (p. reselect the main and secondary parts. Holes (p. 2. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. To create round holes: 1. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . Before creating holes. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Click Apply to save the changes. Follow the instructions on the status bar. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 5. 89) Creating oversized holes (p.1. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. 2. When prompted. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 4. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. 85) 4.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. If you do not want to create any bolts. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. 3.

Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. 5. 3. See also Click Apply to save the changes. To indicate which parts should be slotted. select Slotted. 2. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Follow the instructions on the status bar. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. 8. Holes (p. If you do not want to create any bolts. For example. 4. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . In the Hole type list box.

Holes (p.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. this is the main part of the assembly. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Click Apply to save the changes. If you are creating a workshop weld. 4. Optional: Modify the weld properties. 3. 6. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 3. 4. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. select Oversized. In the Hole type list box. In the Oversize field. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. Select the part to weld to. 86) 4. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 2. or use a component that automatically creates welds. 2. this is the secondary part of the assembly. Follow the instructions on the status bar. If you do not want to create any bolts. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. 94) Weld preparation (p. 5. Select the part to be welded. without connecting any other parts. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. If you are creating a workshop weld.1. 7. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts.

92) Weld size prefixes (p. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. 229) Weld position (p. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. See also Creating a weld between parts (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. 91) Weld properties (p. y. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. or z). 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Example The following image shows welds in different positions. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x.

If you are creating a workshop weld. 2. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. 3. If you are creating a workshop weld. pick the points you want the weld to go through. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. 5. or alternatively. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. this is the secondary part of the assembly. this is the main part of the assembly. Select the part to be welded. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. Select the part to weld to. Pick the starting and end point. 4.

See also Welds (p. pick the points you want the weld to go through. or alternatively. use the SPD profile. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. See also Welds (p. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. Pick the starting and end point. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. without connecting any other parts: 1. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Select the part that you want to weld. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 2. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 3. or apply a component that does it automatically. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. 4. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. See also Welds (p. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. To prevent automatic weld preparation. 2. Select the part that you want to cut.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . Select the cutting part. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. 94) 4. for example. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. When you create overlapping surface treatments. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. and tiles. surface mixes. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas.3. you change the size of a part).g.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p.

6. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. 7. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. select the specific surface treatment.. 9. select the location of the surface treatment. Front. 8. The options are Middle. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. and Behind. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views.. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. select Tile surface from the Type list box. In the At depth list box.. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. b On the Pattern tab. 3. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. In the Type list box. to select a material from the catalog. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. 2. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. See also Surface treatment (p. See also Surface treatment (p. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. In the Surface treatment name list box. 5. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p.. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. select the type of surface treatment to use. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. Click the Select. 4.

96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. 2. 2. 3. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 2. 3. 4. 2. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. 3. 4. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. b Select the part face. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. The faces that you can select appear in blue. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. The faces that you can select appear in blue. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Pick the direction. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 4. b Select the part face. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Adding surface treatment to parts (p.

the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. or right). 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. left. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command.5. bottom. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces.dat file using any text editor. To create new surface treatment options: 1. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. Open the product_finishes. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 . The file is located in the . 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.

2. See also Add rows to define new options. Open the TilePatternCatalog. 100) Example pattern definition (p. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. For example. See also Surface treatment (p. a Define the surface treatment type.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. 4. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Save the file.xml file using any text editor. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. The file is located in the . Magnesium Float. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. 1 for concrete finish. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. MF for Magnesium Float. For example. Surface treatment (p..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. For example.

xml file. Tiled surface treatment (p. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . 4. 100) Example pattern definition (p. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog.xml file. Other elements are optional. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. and then modify it to suit your needs.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 3. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. Save the TilePatternCatalog. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p.

xml file. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . starting from the origin of the surface treatment. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment.

Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. TilePatternCatalog.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. Located in the . For example. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.xml file. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions.xml file. Filenames identify the pattern types. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 .. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p. Located in the . herringbone..bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type.

steel and concrete polybeams. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. Tile pattern element. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. defined from the origin of the pattern. and concrete panels).5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. 100) 4. practical. Required. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Optional.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. 115) Combining parts (p. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. 113) Cambering parts (p. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. concrete slabs. 116) Splitting parts (p. In Tekla Structures. See also Chamfers (p. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. Color of the tile or mortar. The origin of an individual tile. Required. 104) Fittings (p. Required. 108) Cuts (p. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. and manufacturing reasons. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. Optional. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). Optional. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. Required. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. Optional. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . At least one required. you can chamfer part corners and part edges.

See also Select the part. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . 105) Chamfering part edges (p. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. 5. which does not change the geometry of the part. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. 2. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. You can modify the default chamfers. Double-click the handle of any part corner. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 3. Modify the chamfer properties. 4.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. Click Modify. Chamfers (p. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify.

105) Polybeam chamfers By default.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. You can modify the default chamfers. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. b Modify the chamfer properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . Select the part you want to chamfer. 5. 4. 2. Optional: Modify the chamfer. 3. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. See also Chamfering part corners (p.

3. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. 2. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Pick the first point of the cutting line. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. 232) Chamfers (p. Pick the second point of the cutting line. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. 4. c Click OK. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. details. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. perpendicular to the view plane. which makes it easier to create connections.6. 104) Creating a fitting (p. which passes through the cutting line you pick. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. and so on.

Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. You must create cuts in a plane view.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. For more information on how to change this. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. use the Cut Part commands instead. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. See also Fittings (p. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. In situations like this. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. see Fittings affect NC data. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default.

110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . You can cut parts that already have cuts. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. This can be useful. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. for example. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines.

To close the polygon. Select the part you want to cut. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. Pick the side you want to remove. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. Select the part you want to cut. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . 5. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. To cut a part with a line: 1. 3.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. 2. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. Cuts (p. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. 109) Line cuts (p. For example. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. 3. 2. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. 4. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 4. See also Cuts (p. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 5. 109) Polygon cuts (p. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input.

concrete panels. 109) Part cuts (p. Alternatively. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. 4. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. Pick an existing corner (1). Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. The part cut does not affect other parts. To cut a part with another part: 1. 3. concrete slabs. 3. 5. Pick another existing corner (4). To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. Pick the corner to remove (5). Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Delete the cutting part. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. and strip footings. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. 6. 4. Select the cutting part. See also Cuts (p.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. contour plates. 3). Select the part you want to modify. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. 2. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 2. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part.

2. use the dz1 field. In the End field. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. • 3. See also Warping concrete parts (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . To move the lower corner of the chamfer. In the Start field. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. 2. Click OK to close the dialog box. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. Move the chamfers. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. 3. 5. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. Go to the Deforming tab. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. relative to the part reference line. For example. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. 6. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. Click Modify to warp the slab. relative to the part reference line. use the dz2 field. Click Modify to warp the beam. Fine-tuning part shape (p.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. 4. Modify the chamfer properties.

Select the chamfer you want to move. which warps the slabs. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3.4. In the Move . • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. Click Move. 7. For example. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 8. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. To see the warping angle of a single slab. Click OK to close the dialog box. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. and go to the Deforming tab. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. 5. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu.Linear dialog box. For example. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. 4. 6. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. type a value in the appropriate direction field. See also Warping concrete parts (p. 2.

4. 2. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. including the template output. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. skews. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. Cambering affects the position of cuts. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. When drawings are created. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. in other words. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. 104) Cambering a part (p. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. define the degree of camber. Go to the Deforming tab. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1.See also Warping concrete parts (p. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. In the Cambering field. 3. and embeds in the model. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. Click Modify. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. Cambering parts (p. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations.

This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. See also Combining two parts into one (p. enter a negative value. Click Modify. Go to the Deforming tab. When you select the parts you want to combine. Click Modify. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. 4. Go to the Deforming tab. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 4. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. 2. In the Shortening field. 3. 2. 3. For example. 115) 4. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. define the degree of shortening. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. In the Shortening field. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. Shortening and lengthening parts (p.

You cannot split polybeams. Select the first part.1. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. Combining parts (p. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. 2. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. You can use splitting with straight parts. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. Select the part you want to attach. curved beams without offsets. 3. Click Edit > Combine. 116) 4. When you combine parts. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. 2. Select the second part. See also Combining parts (p. Select the part to attach to. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures.

When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. Click Edit > Split. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 3. and on the same side of the part. 2. 4. Splitting parts (p. See also Click Edit > Split. 3. check the result after splitting. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. Select the part you want to split. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. Select the part you want to split. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. Pick a point for the dividing line. See also Splitting parts (p. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. 2. welds or surface treatments. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. If you split contour plates that have bolts.

You can use a mouse.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. you can move and rotate the model. or pull out for a wider view. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. keyboard shortcuts. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. 119) Rotating the model (p. See also Zooming the model (p. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. 119) Inquiring the model (p.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. 135) Checking the model (p. 142) 5. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. or a combination of both. 121) Moving the model (p. Scroll forward to zoom in. 122) Flying through the model (p. and backward to zoom out. 128) Visualizing project status (p.

and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. For more information on each command. Create a zoom window. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. • See also To zoom out. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. Place the mouse pointer over the model. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. select Wire frame. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. see the corresponding menu tooltip. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. If this option is off. Zooming the model (p. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. 2. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. 2. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. press Page Up. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Open a wire frame view of the model. c Click Modify. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. press Page Down.If you do not have a wheel mouse. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. b In the View type list box. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. See also Viewing the model (p.

the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. See also Zooming the model (p. Click the Magnifier icon. To rotate the model. In wire frame views. To change the level of magnification. keyboard shortcuts. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . As you move the pointer in the general view. zoom in and out in the zoom window. menu commands. and then drag the pointer to size the window.e 3. 4.

The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. 2. Press Ctrl + R. Pick a position in the view. See also Rotation settings (p. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 3. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. For more information on each command. and then pick a position in the view. 213) Viewing the model (p. 2. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. Click Modify. 3. press v. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. 2. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. To relocate the center of rotation.

a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. 3. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. > Model View. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. 2. press Esc. Use the up. • • To move up or down. 2. Click View > Fly. To fly through a model: 1. 3. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. 5. you can travel through a model. Set view projection to Perspective. scroll with the mouse wheel. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . • To change the flying direction. To stop panning. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. select Perspective. or Shift+M.. To activate the middle button pan. 2. Select a view. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. drag the mouse in the desired direction. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. c Click Modify. To change the camera angle. Move the model using the Pan command 1. c Click OK. changing direction and varying the speed as you go.. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. b In the Projection list box. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. left and right arrows on the keyboard. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. down. 4. You can also adjust the field of view setting.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1.

To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle.• 6. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. 2. view. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. press Esc. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. Viewing the model (p. To move a clip plane. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. To create a clip plane: 1. To finish creating clip planes. 4. Select a plane. 5. To stop flying. 6. press Esc. brochures. or the entire Tekla Structures window. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location.. 2. You can use screenshots in posters. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. See also To delete a clip plane.. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. Click View > Create Clip Plane.

2. 6.png) files. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 3.. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. 4. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . 4. 7. Click Capture. To capture the active view.. Set the desired properties and click OK.3. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. See also Creating a screenshot (p. for example. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista.bmp) format to use it. 5. Creating a screenshot (p. Click Capture. Select Place on clipboard. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. select Rendered view.. To print a screenshot: 1. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . 2. as a custom component thumbnail. select View without Borders. 125) Screenshot settings (p. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. select Dialog. Creating a screenshot (p. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p.bmp format. Click Options.. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. To capture the active view without borders. click Pick view and select a view. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. Under Capture.. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. select View. select Main Frame.. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears.

and length of the selected model object. the tool shows the total area. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit. See also Inquiring the model (p. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p.. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. 126) Object property report templates (p.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. Select an object. See also Inquiring the model (p. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command.. 2. To inquire object properties: 1.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. within the model. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . or a group of objects.5. For more information on how to use templates. 2. weight. See also Inquiring object properties (p. See also Inquiring object properties (p. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. see the Template Editor user documentation. Select a part.. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. By default.

the file contains 65 attributes. MAX. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box....Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. Open the InquiryTool. For example.. use the Up and Down buttons. • To change the order of the attributes.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. click Edit. To modify the default attributes. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. • To modify the calculated attributes. • See also To change the formula of an attribute. 3.. 3. • 4.lst file located in the .config file: 1. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. • To add more attributes to the tool window. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window.. or MIN) from the list box.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. 2. -. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.config file in any standard text editor.config file in the .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+... To modify the contents of the tool window: 1.. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window. *. Click Manage contents. The file is located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder. AVERAGE. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. click Add…. and /) to form equations. Use the InquiryTool. Change the position number of the new attribute. 2. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. • To remove attributes from the tool window. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . edit the InquiryTool.. • To create new calculated attributes. By default.

Save the file.lst file. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. 126) 5. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. 128) Display settings (p. DATATYPE. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. 132) Object groups (p. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. to open the Display dialog box. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 132) Object representation settings (p. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. For example. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. 216) Representation options In rendered views. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . When you redraw a view.. Modify the NAME.4. UNIT.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. Click Display. 3. 2. 128) Representation options (p. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. DISPLAY_NAME. 5. Showing and hiding objects (p. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file.. 6.

e. component objects are displayed as Rendered. and their surfaces are shaded. component objects are displayed as Rendered.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. Parts are transparent. In this example. Example In this example. parts are transparent. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . underlying parts are not visible. surfaces are not.e. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. i. i.

3. for example. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All.. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. 2. Showing and hiding objects (p. The parts are shown as sticks.e.. This option is useful. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. Click View > Hide Part. for example.. Other parts are almost completely transparent. when viewing clash check results in a large model. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed.. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed.5 and Shift+1. • • See also To make the parts visible again. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p. Select the parts you want to hide.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. This can be useful. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Showing and hiding objects (p. To completely hide the parts. i. To hide selected parts: 1. parts are not transparent.

130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. To clear the exact lines effect. cuts. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. welds. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. To make the parts visible again. To display a part with exact lines: 1. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. fittings. Hide an assembly 1. Right-click and select Redraw View.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. Select the assembly you want to hide. bolts. Click View > Redraw All. 4. Tekla Structures displays all parts. Showing and hiding objects (p. and other details belonging to the assembly. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. 2. The unselected parts become almost transparent. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. 2. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Showing and hiding objects (p. To completely hide the unselected parts. 2. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . Select the parts that you want to keep visible. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. See also Select the part. To show the unselected parts as sticks. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. click View > Redraw All. 3. 3.

b Select options from the Category. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Tekla Structures displays all bolts. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. a Click Add row. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. Right-click and select Redraw View. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective.. Modify the object group settings. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. type a value or select one from the model. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. 128) Refreshing views (p. 2. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. Click Object group. Property. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 133) Deleting an object group (p. welds.. 3.. d Add more rows. 128) Refreshing views (p. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. and other details belonging to the component. Click View > Redraw All. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. 2.See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component.Representation dialog box. and Condition list boxes. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. c In the Value list box. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. to open the Object Group . Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. Select the component you want to hide. 128) Creating an object group (p.. 133) Visualizing project status (p. 4.

PObjGrp. Object groups (p. and to create customized presentations of defined objects.PObjGrp. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . Object groups have the file name extension *. and they have the file name extension *. Select where you want to copy the object group. Click Save as to save the object group. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. See also Object groups (p. copy the file to the system folder. Select the object group you want to copy. For example. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. Object groups (p. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model.5. 2. • To make an object group available in another model. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures. 2. 6. 3. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. • To make an object group available in all models.

Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. 4. 8. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. 3. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p.. To create object representation settings: 1. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. Click Add row. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. 6. If an object belongs to several object groups. 7. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. 5. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 2. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings.. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 9. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box.

If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. See also Creating a visualization (p. 133) Color settings (p. 2. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. Apply. 213) Transparency settings (p. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period.rep. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. To create project status visualizations. 3. Select where you want to copy the settings. For example. Restart Tekla Structures. 133) 5. • To make the settings available in another model. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . copy them to the system folder. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. 2. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. See also Object representation settings (p.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. Object representation settings (p. or OK. and they have the file name extension *. See also Object representation settings (p. • To make the settings available in all models.rep. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p.

Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 6. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*.. 4. Select where you want to copy the settings. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. To view the visualization in the model. See also Visualizing project status (p.. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. 3.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. 4. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. click the step buttons. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. c Define the length of the time step. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. • To make the settings available in another model. 3. Restart Tekla Structures. and they have the file name extension *. • To make the settings available in all models.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. See also Visualizing project status (p. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Modify the visualization settings. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. 5. 2. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .4d. 2.rep) and object group files (*. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 2. copy them to the system folder. Visualizing project status (p. a In the Object representation list box.4d. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. select one of the predefined object representation settings. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *.

Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. After that. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model.. 2. 4. select Object. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 .. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. Select the Erection Scheduled check box.. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. On the Status tab. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. 3. a In the Category list box. Click User-defined attributes. 5. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts.Representation dialog box. See also Visualizing project status (p. Finally. To create the object group: 1.. e Select Review date and click OK.. select Select date. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. Visualizing project status (p.In the following example. See also Click Modify. To define an erection schedule: 1.. select INSTALL_PLAN.. Click Object group. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. 3. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. The Select Date dialog box appears. To make it easier to select parts. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. 7. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. select Earlier than or equal. 2. c In the Condition list box. 6. to open the Object Group . 8. d In the Value list box. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. Click View > Representation > Object representation. b In the Property list box. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example.

3. 7. See also Object representation settings (p. enter a name for the object representation settings. For example. 137). In the box next to the Save as button. 2. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Define the length of the time step. you will create project status visualization settings. Click Save as. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . plan_same_or_before_review_date. Click Save as. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. select Visible. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 6. 2. 5. c In the Color list box. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 138). b In the Object group list box. c In the Color list box. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example.4. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. In the Object representation list box. 4. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. scheduled_erection_date. select Hidden. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p.. enter a name for the visualization. b In the Object group list box. select the object group All. enter a name for the group.. 3. 133) Visualizing project status (p. 5. select Color by class. See also Object groups (p. select Color by class. For example. 4. In the box next to the Save as button. 132) Visualizing project status (p. d In the Transparency list box. In the box next to the Save as button.. To create visualization settings: 1. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. to open the Object Representation dialog box. select the object group you just created. To create object representation settings: 1. a Click Add row. 5. d In the Transparency list box. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model.. a Click Add row.

In the list box next to the Load button. 138). Click Load. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p.. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 3. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. 2. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. click the step buttons. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. To view the visualization in the model. To visualize the erection schedule: 1.See also Visualizing project status (p. 4..

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. it is useful to check the model for errors. 149) Finding distant objects (p.5 Checking the model When the model is complete. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 143) Detecting clashes (p. 135) 5. See also Measuring objects (p.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p.

See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. 2. Measuring objects (p. Measuring objects (p. See also Measuring distances (p. 3. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. 3. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. Select a part. Pick the center point. the distance between two points and between bolts. To measure bolt spacing: 1. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. 2. Pick the starting point. 5. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. Pick the starting point. 3. Pick the end point. 143) Measuring angles (p. 4. Select a bolt group. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. 2. 4. Pick the end point. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. For more information on each command. see the corresponding menu tooltip. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. All measurements are temporary.

you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Finding clashes in a model (p.See also Measuring objects (p. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. or reference model objects that collide. bolts. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected.

Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. To locate the colliding objects. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. 2. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. select a row in the clash check log. or stop checking. Click Tools > Clash Check. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. You can continue working during the clash check. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. If colliding objects are found. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. 3. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. Select the objects you want to check. you can choose whether to continue checking.

The clash is not new. Click to check the objects. If the object has been modified (for example. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. 2. right-click one of the column headings. resolved. or missing. select a row in the list of clashes.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. Clash Check Manager (p. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. 5. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. In the model. When the clash check is complete. 4. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. Only certain object properties affect this flag. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. When you re-run clash check. double-click a row. modified. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 3. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. To see which properties have an effect. See also To highlight a clash in the model. 1. if the profile has changed). You can continue working during the clash check. 2. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. A check mark it is visible. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check.

2. 2. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. In Clash Check Manager. . Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. In the Open dialog box. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. See also Clash Check Manager (p. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. Click OK. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. 3. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. In Clash Check Manager. select a session. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. select the clashes whose status you want to change. Click . 3. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. 2.

2. 3. 2. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. If the fields are empty. icon. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .. By default. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. In the File name box. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. 3.. 5.. Click Tools > Options > Options. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. go to the Clash check page. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1.To Save the active session Do this Click . Click Save. If you clear the check boxes.00. enter a new name. Click Apply or OK. 4. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. Modify the bolt clearance values. Click In the Save As dialog box. In the Options dialog box. the clearance will be zero. See also Clash Check Manager (p. 5. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. Save as. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

To save time. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. Planning your numbering series (p. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. such as plates. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. For example. When you run numbering. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. P1002. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. 154) Family numbers (p. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001.. P1003. Example For example. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. If you do this. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling.. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. . you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts).The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly.

if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. and then click Add. Click Modify. define a part prefix and a start number. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. go to the Cast unit tab. This can be used. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p.. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. See also Defining numbering series (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 4.. 3. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. they get unique qualifier numbers. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. Go to the Family numbering tab. b Select a numbering series from the list. 3. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. However. 2. When you use family numbering. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. Defining numbering series (p. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. 4. Under Numbering series. 2. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. for example. Under Compare. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier.1.

Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p.Select at least one check box. If you do not select any check boxes. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. If you select all the check boxes.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. Click Apply. 7. Update numbering in the model. 5. 4. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. 2. 6. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. b Modify the settings.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. see the corresponding menu tooltip. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. only one family number per series is assigned. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. For more information on each command. 155) Clearing numbers (p.. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. See also Defining numbering series (p. 3. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. Click Assign. but not all of them. c Click Apply or OK. 161) 6.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. Family numbers (p.. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered.. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. clear the existing numbers. If a series overlaps another. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. See also Family numbers (p.

the x coordinate. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. However. See also Numbering objects (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. The prefix varies based on the part type. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. The default start number is 1. In this case you should renumber the parts. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. If you add new parts. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. However. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. 159) Clearing numbers (p. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 158) Control numbers (p. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. for example.See also Numbering settings (p. 158) Changing numbers (p.

With negative directions (such as -X). select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. When you assign control numbers. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. Second direction is Y. their z coordinates are also compared. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. See also Select the parts. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. if First direction is -X. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. For example. and Third direction is Z.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. the sort order is X Y Z. See also Numbering objects (p. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. Example In the following example. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. their y coordinates are also compared. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. 2. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. Numbering objects (p.

b In the Step value field. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. 4. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. See also Control numbers (p. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. Indicate which parts to consider. • 3. This command does not change the numbering series. 2. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. and then click Create. 5. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. 6. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. 5. to assign the control numbers 2. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part.. Define the control numbers to be used. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. multi-position. and then click Create. In the Numbering list box. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. or specific parts. See also Control numbers (p. 2. • To consider all parts in the model. etc. or family numbers after you run numbering.See also Numbering objects (p. Click Apply. For example. In the Renumber list box. 158) Control number settings (p. To only consider specific parts.. 3. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. specify which parts get control numbers. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. 7.. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. select the parts in the model. 8. Click Apply. a In the Start number of control numbers field. type the first control number to be used. number the model. do not select any parts in the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. assembly. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. 8. In the Status list box. define the interval. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. do not select any parts. 4. 11. select the parts.

see the corresponding menu tooltip. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2.1. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 3. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. 2. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. 4. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. Click Assign. Next time you run numbering. This is for information only and the number is still changed. See also Numbering objects (p. To clear the position numbers: 1. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. To create a standard-part model: 1. 2. For more information on each command. This functionality only applies to steel parts. If the number you specified is already in use. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. For more information on each command. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. Select an object.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. Set the desired properties. See also Numbering objects (p.

156) 6.. > Numbering. and so on). 5... StandardParts. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. Delete all unnecessary items.For example. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. STD2. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. See also Numbering objects (p. 11. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. STD1.. 3. If you have selected the Part name check box. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. 156) 6. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file.. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 4. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. 7. 8. Open another model. 12. 13. Explode all components.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. 2. For information on how to interpret the log file. See also Numbering objects (p. 10. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6... especially before producing drawings or reports. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. Number the model. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. see Numbering history log... 9. Save the standard-part model.

Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. To number identical beams: 1. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. Modify one of the beams. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. 2. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. 6. Number the model.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. 4. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. 4. All the beams have the part position number P1. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. Unless you want to repair the entire model. 156) Changing numbers (p. 3. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1.2. See also Numbering objects (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. Number the model. 5. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. 159) 6. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. Number the model. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 5.

and each pair has the same length. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . but each pair has a different length. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. All beams have the same profile.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. The parts have the same main profile. but the holes are different. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p.

each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. and then click Apply. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. 9. 3. 5. divide the model into phases. and another one for steel columns. Before you start. 10. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 4. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. 2. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. Select the Column orientation check box. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. and then click Apply. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. Select one of the steel columns in the model. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. To number parts in selected phases: 1. 8. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Create steel columns. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. 7. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. 6. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1.

to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. Select one of the parts you want to number. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 3. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 6. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. 4. For example. and then click Apply. Select the parts you want to number. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000.. 7. Modify the numbering settings.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. 5. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.

you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. 164) General numbering settings (p. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project.

based on purchasing contracts.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. 172) Lotting (p. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. for example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . and categorize object types. 171) Sequences (p. lots.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. 167) Phases (p. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. You can classify information according to your needs. and erection sequences. 174) Parametric modeling (p. 181) 7.

171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. See also Creating logical areas (p.

Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. To make it easier to view and select parts. Click Tools > Model Organizer. In Model Organizer. a Right-click Logical Areas. right-click the selected section or story. 3. Create a path structure. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. Click Tools > Model Organizer. 4. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. 3. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. d Click New Story. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. 2... 4. See also In Model Organizer. 2. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. In large projects. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). a Right-click Object Types. Organizing the model (p. c Click New Section. b Click New Building. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). b Click New Object Type. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. 5. and select Add Selected to Category. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. You may create as many sections and storys as you need.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. In the model... select the area for the section or the story. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. Create object type categories.. See also Organizing the model (p. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . In the model. You can also create subtypes for object types..

Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 2. 3. 2. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 1. 2. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. To show all objects again. Drag the objects to another category. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. See also Organizing the model (p. 3. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. Drag the category to another location. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. Select the new area in the model. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. Right-click and select Remove from Category. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 2. 1. See also Organizing the model (p. 1. To show all objects again. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Select the objects in the model. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . 2.

etc. You can create reports and views. 2. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. hide objects.). Each user then works on a separate part of the building. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. select an object and click Phases by objects. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. Click OK to confirm. 4.. Click Tools > Phase Manager. Click Add to create new phases. Divide the model into phases. according to their phase number.. When a part of the model is completed. and then click Modify phase. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model..Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. Right-click and select Delete. and copy objects from other models. First create a basic model that includes. c Phases (p. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. From now on. Click OK to save your changes. the columns. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. You then copy this basic model to all users. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. a To identify the phase of an object.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. 3. 3. 2. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types.. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. 171) Custom phase properties (p. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase.. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. for example. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode.. 5. select a phase from the list. For example. 4. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. This is phase 1. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. Organizing the model (p. select the objects. 167) 7.

Type a name for the sequence. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. and so on. For example. See also Phases (p. 171) 7. To use phase properties in reports and templates. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". Use exactly the same name as in the objects. c Save the file. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. integer.0") 2. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. "%d". To create a new sequence: 1.0".inp file. Click Apply.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. You can define several sequences for different purposes. For example.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. "0. The value_type must be integer. To finish adding parts to the sequence. Creating a sequence (p. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. 6. The first part gets the sequence number 1. MY_INFO_1. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. d Restart Tekla Structures. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. "0. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. none. add a new user-defined attribute. use the syntax PHASE. 4. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. b In the Part attributes section. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. "My Info 1". Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence.inp file. the second part number 2. 5. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time.inp file in any standard text editor. no. and the field_format must be %d. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. a Open the objects. If you click Yes.inp file. 3.

For example. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. 4. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. If the sequence changes.. Click Modify. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. 2. See also Sequences (p. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. Select a sequence name from the list. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. Click Tools > Sequencer. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. 3. Modify the sequence number. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Select a part.. Click OK or Apply. 2.. 4. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. you must redefine the whole sequence. To finish adding parts to the sequence. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . 5. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.See also Sequences (p. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. See also Sequences (p.. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. 3. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. Click User-defined attributes. To check the sequence of a part: 1. 2. MY_INFO_1. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number.. For example: See also Sequences (p.

. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. length. When you define lots. 175) Sequences (p. For example. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. the weight is based on the size. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle.. 175) Deleting a lot (p. To view the properties of a part. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. However. Click Add. Click Delete and then click Yes. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. For most model parts. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. For example. See also Select a sequence name from the list.. and material of the part. With this information. Sequences (p. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. Type a lot number in the Number field.2. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. See also Lotting (p. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1.. 3. 6. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. 5. See also Creating a lot (p. 3.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. In that case. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. 2. 172) 7. Click Properties. 4. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule.

To add parts to a lot: 1. 4. 2. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. Select an existing lot from the list. 3. 3. 4. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot.. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. Lotting (p. 3. Click Apply selected. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.. 5. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. When you hold down Shift. Click Apply selected. 2. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Click Delete. 5. If you simply select parts. Lotting (p. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. Click Properties. 4. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Click OK to close the dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. When you re-open the dialog box. Select an existing lot from the list. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Click OK to close the dialog box. 2. See also Lotting (p. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. Select an existing lot from the list. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot.

such as the name of a column. such as a beam or column. Create dependencies. For example. Variables can define fixed properties. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. or relationships. location and relationship to other parts. including its geometry. They can also include formulas. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties.7. so that when you move the wall. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. the column follows. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . between model objects.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. and how to use them in a model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 2. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p.See also Parametric modeling (p.. 53) 7. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. the Sketch Browser. and the Variables dialog box. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. 176) Parametric profiles (p.. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. Open a Tekla Structures model.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1.

183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. tree-like structure. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. and vice versa. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. circles. constraints. arcs. dimensions. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical.See also Sketch Browser (p. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 182) Variables (p.

200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. Lines. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p.. 1. 1=Line . Opening the cross section sketch editor (p.. Variables can define fixed properties. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . or they can include formulas. arcs.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. or 2) and thickness of the sketch. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model.

unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. See also Sketching a polyline (p. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. 185) Sketching a circle (p. Pick points to create each line segment. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. Open the cross section sketch editor. Ensure that you create a closed shape. To sketch a polyline: 1. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. 4. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 2. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. and circles. arcs. 184) Sketching an arc (p.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. such as a cold rolled section.

See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Open the cross section sketch editor. 2. 2. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). To sketch a circle: 1. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. To sketch an arc: 1. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 .See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Pick three points to define the arc. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. Open the cross section sketch editor.

Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Before you start. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. 3. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. you can still rotate the profile in the model. To straighten the entire profile. and add chamfers in corners. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. Although the shape is locked. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. create 90 degree angles. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. Select another line in the sketch (2). Select a line in the sketch (1). To add a parallel constraint: 1. you can straighten lines. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. force lines to meet. close the shape. For example.

3. Before you start.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select a line in the sketch (1). 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. The lines do not have to intersect. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. Select another line in the sketch (2). Before you start. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. by extending or shortening one or both lines. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . The lines do not have to intersect.

Pick the end of the first line (1). 3. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.1. Before you start. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. See also Select a line in the sketch. To add a fixed constraint: 1. 4. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To add a horizontal constraint: 1. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Before you start. Pick the end of the second line. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. 2). Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. 2.

2. 4. To add a vertical constraint: 1. 3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. 2). Select the constraint you want to delete. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. Before you start. Click Refresh. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.

if you create the dimension marked in red. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . In the following example. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. Select the arc or circle. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. To add a radial dimension: 1. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. Before you start. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section.

Before you start. Select the second line (2). 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. 3. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. Select the first line (1). 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. Before you start. 3. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add an angle dimension: 1. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). between two points you pick. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Click to show the connection positioning planes. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. 2. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 4. 2. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Select the connection positioning planes. 4. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . Select the part positioning planes. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. 3. 3. 3. Click Modify. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 2. Click to show the part positioning planes. Change the Value field. To revert to the default positioning planes.

Click Save sketch . Click Save sketch as . Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. or blank spaces in the cross section name. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. 2. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. To save a sketched cross section. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. Type a new name in the Prefix field. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly.bin file. You cannot include numbers. and then click OK. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches.db1 file. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. 5.4. for example. 2. Click Save sketch . Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. Type a name in the Prefix field. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. and then click OK. special characters. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. Update an existing cross section 1. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. 2. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile.

To modify a chamfer: 1. Close the object properties dialog box. 6.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. 2. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. you can create rounded cross section corners. Double-click an object to modify its properties. 5. 3. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric.. 5. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. such as a cold rolled section. 2. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Click OK to close the dialog box. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. 7. Click Modify. 4. 4. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. See also next to their name. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. For example. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor.. Modify the object properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 .

When you change the thickness. outwards. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. 1. sketch an open polyline. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. b Type the extrusion type number (0. 3. In the Formula column. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. In the Sketch Browser. or symmetrically in both directions. or 2) after =. P1). right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. define the default value for the parameter variable. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. 2. P1) after =. depending on the extrusion type. In the cross section sketch editor. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. Type the value of the thickness after =. 4. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. the profile grows inwards. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1.

• 3. • For steel parts.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. click the button next to the Shape field. button next to the Profile field. 6.. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. 2. If you have applied constraints correctly. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. Click OK to apply the changes. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. click the Select. you are ready to use it in the model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. Pick points to place the part in the model. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. Open the Select Profile dialog box.. 5. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. See also For concrete parts. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. 4. 7. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline.

mysketch.. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p.uel). 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 3. 5.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. for example Microsoft Paint.. Use the cross section name as the filename. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. 2.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. for example. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. Save the image in bmp format in the . 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example.bmp. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. 4. Open the cross section sketch editor.

2. In the Export Components dialog box. 8. In the component list. Select the file to import. To automatically import all *. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. 5. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. Select Sketched profiles from the list. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. 7. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. right-click and select Import. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.. browse for the folder. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . or copy the profdb..bin file.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. 7. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. Right-click and select Export.uel). 3. 5. 2. Select the cross sections you want to export. By default. To import sketched cross sections: 1. 3. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. 4. select Sketched profiles from the list box. To use profiles from a model. Click OK. from the pop-up menu.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. Click OK. In the Import Components dialog box. To export several cross sections. 6. 6. from the pop-up menu.. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model.. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. you need to import both the cross section and profile. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. 4.

you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. Open the cross section sketch editor. At this stage. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. you will use the cross section in a model. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. After that. 2.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. Finally. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. When you use the profile in the model.

189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . 181) Sketching a polyline (p. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 4.3. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1.

See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. 5.2. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. and h2. command to create the distances h1. h2. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. h1. enter the following values for the distances: 4. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. 198) Variables (p. In the Variables dialog box. Save the cross section. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. and 3. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

In the Variables dialog box. b In the Formula box. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1.1. 183) Sketch Browser (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . 3. enter Thickness.00. a Right-click Thickness. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. In the Sketch Browser. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. select Show. 2. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. See also Save the cross section.00. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. In the Variables dialog box. select Show. c In the Visiblity box. 3. enter 20. c In the Visiblity box. b Right-click ExtrusionType. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. enter 10. d In the Label in dialog box box. and then enter =P1. 2. enter Chamfer. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. d In the Label in dialog box box. b In the Formula box. do the following: . a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. Variables (p.

Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree.. 5. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . button next to the Profile field. 5. and then enter =P2. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box.4. For concrete parts. In the Sketch Browser. • 3. 199) Variables (p. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. Open the Select Profile dialog box. click the button next to the Shape field. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. and select the CSHAPE profile. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. See also Save the cross section. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 183) Sketch Browser (p. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 4. 6. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. Pick points to place the part in the model. • For steel parts. 2. Click OK to apply the changes. click the Select. b Right-click Chamfer X. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers.. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p.

193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 . 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p.

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 213) Transparency settings (p. 213) Color settings (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 211) Grid line properties (p. 233) 8. 211) View settings (p. 215) Part properties (p. 227) Numbering settings (p. 212) Rotation settings (p. 212) Point properties (p. See also Grid properties (p. 217) Detail properties (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 .

Grids (p. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. Select to bind objects to grid lines. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. Grid lines (p.. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Select to bind objects to the grid line. y. See also X . z is absolute). and z directions (x and y are relative. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line.. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Option Phase The phase number. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x...grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. y. and z directions.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning.

and z coordinates of a point. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. Indicates the correct location of the point. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . Defines the number of copies created. All parts are colored according to their Class property. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors.Option Id The ID number. which is used in log files. The rotation angle between the original and new position.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. The local (work plane) and global x. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. Option As is The current color is used.Rotate and Move . Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. y. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. See also Object representation settings (p. Coordinates See also Points (p. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. You can filter objects by their ID numbers.

The height of the screenshot. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. Object is transparent in rendered views. the settings will be read from that object group. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. There are limitations to pixel density. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Sets the line width... The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Object is not shown in the views. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. Object representation settings (p. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. Option As is The current visibility. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. Saves the screenshot to a file. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. The Options.

Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings..View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). See also Views (p.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. The projection type of rendered views. The appearance of the model in the view. 215) Grid view properties (p. See also View properties (p. the zoom remains on part surfaces. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane.See also Creating a screenshot (p. Opens the Object Group . 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. or fly through it. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation.. Visible object group Object group. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model).. as do text and points. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. text and point size remains the same.. Which object group is displayed in the view. 215) Display settings (p.. Display. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones.. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. When you zoom. 124) 8. Rotation is view-specific. rotate the model. In addition. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . You can zoom.

This name overrides the name in the view properties. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. See also Creating grid views (p. and nuts as solids. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. washers. Each view plane has its own view properties. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. PLAN +3000. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used.. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. None does not create any views. If the View name prefix field is left empty. Some of these settings may affect system performance.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. Exact shows bolts.g. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. Reference line shows parts as sticks. e. when viewing the entire model. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. no prefix is used. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. Exact displays the cuts. or large parts of it. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. button displays the current view properties. but skips cuts.. The Show. This option increases display speed significantly. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties.

219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. See also Steel column properties (p. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). 218) Contour plate properties (p. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. 220) Twin profile properties (p. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. Exact shows holes as solids. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. 223) Concrete column properties (p. In view does not increase the point size. even if the hole in that part is not slotted.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . 225) Concrete slab properties (p. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. When using this option. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. Point size Defines the size of points in views. 218) Steel beam properties (p. This option is only available in wire frame views. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. 222) Strip footing properties (p. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. 221) Pad footing properties (p. 128) 8.

you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The horizontal position of the column. and shortening of the column. cambering.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. etc.prt. Finish is user-definable. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The design information of the column. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column.g. The material of the column. e. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. The type of finish. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The file name extension of a column properties file is *. The support conditions of the column ends. steel polybeam. relative to its reference point. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. and to identify parts of the same type. The analysis properties of the column. Class Used to group columns. relative to its reference point. Creating a steel column (p. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The assembly mark series of the column. The user-definable name of the column. It describes how the part surface has been treated. fire retardant coating. or curved beam. Warping. The position of the column. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. with anti-corrosive paint. For example. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction.clm. hot galvanized. How the column is rotated around its axis.

The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. The loading properties of the beam. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. The user-definable name of a beam. Warping. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam.cpl. Creating a steel beam (p. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The position of a beam on the work plane. Class Used to group beams. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The design information of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated.g. cambering. The position of a beam. The finish type. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. fire retardant coating. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The assembly mark series of the beam. For example. etc. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. e. hot galvanized. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The material of a beam. and to identify parts of the same type. Finish is user-definable. The support conditions of the beam ends. and shortening of the beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. with anti-corrosive paint. The analysis properties of the beam.

hot galvanized. with anti-corrosive paint. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The material of the contour plate. The spanning properties of the plate. for example PL20. Profile The profile of the contour plate. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. in terms of depth.g. The user-definable name of the contour plate. The design information of the contour plate. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. Finish is user-definable. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. For example. Creating a contour plate (p. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. fire retardant coating. and to identify parts of the same type. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . e. and to identify parts of the same type. The material of the beam.crs. perpendicular to the work plane. The format is PL+ thickness. The user-definable name of the beam. etc. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. The position of the contour plate. The analysis properties of the contour plate. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. The assembly mark series of the beam. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. The loading properties of the plate.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. Profile Material The profile of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The finish type.

with anti-corrosive paint. Finish is user-definable. The material of the beams. The horizontal position of the beam. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. The analysis properties of the beam. relative to its reference point. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. and to identify parts of the same type. hot galvanized. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. e. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. etc. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. hot galvanized. etc.g. with anti-corrosive paint. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. relative to its reference point. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. The position of the beam. The design information of the beam. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 .Option Finish The finish type. The user-definable name of the twin profile. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Finish is user-definable. Class Used to group beams. The type of finish. fire retardant coating. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane.dia. fire retardant coating.g. It describes how the part surface has been treated. e. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The support conditions of the beam ends. For example.

The vertical clearance between the profiles. e. with anti-corrosive paint. relative to the beam’s reference line. in terms of depth. Defines how the profiles are combined. hot galvanized. It describes how the part surface has been treated. For example. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. The support conditions of the twin profile ends.cpf. The vertical position of the pad footing. The type of finish. The material of the pad footing. Class Used to group pad footings. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. fire retardant coating. The beam position. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. and to identify parts of the same type. perpendicular to the work plane. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. The design information of the twin profile. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. Finish is user-definable. The offsets of the ends of the beam. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. For example. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. Creating a twin profile (p. relative to its reference point. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing.g. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. The analysis properties of the twin profile. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. etc.

Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. and to identify parts of the same type. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. hot galvanized. fire retardant coating. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. For example. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. Class Used to group strip footings.g. with anti-corrosive paint.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. e. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. The analysis properties of the strip footing. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing.csf. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . The type of finish. Finish is user-definable. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. The material of the strip footing. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. Creating a pad footing (p. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. relative to its reference point. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. etc.

Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. The analysis properties of the column. Warping. with anti-corrosive paint. The design information of the footing. hot galvanized. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The design information of the column.ccl. The support conditions of the column ends. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. etc.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. cambering and shortening of the column. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Creating a concrete column (p. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. Finish is user-definable. For example. and to identify parts of the same type. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The material of the column. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. fire retardant coating. How much the column is rotated around its axis. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The type of finish.g. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Creating a strip footing (p. e. Define the cast unit series of the column. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Class Used to group columns.

Warping. e. The analysis properties of the beam. The loading properties of the beam.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam.g. The material of the beam. Define the cast unit series of the beam. The type of finish. hot galvanized. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. and to identify parts of the same type. The offsets of the ends of the beam. The beam position on the work plane. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. cambering and shortening of the beam. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. with anti-corrosive paint. The design information of the beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. Class Used to group beams. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. Creating a concrete beam (p. etc. For example. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. Finish is user-definable. relative to its reference line.csl. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam.cbm. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. fire retardant coating. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam.

Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The position of the slab. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and to identify parts of the same type. and to identify parts of the same type. Finish is user-definable. For example. fire retardant coating. For example. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. fire retardant coating. The type of finish. in terms of depth. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. Define the cast unit series of the slab. with anti-corrosive paint. perpendicular to the work plane.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. Class Used to group panels. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The loading properties of the slab. The spanning properties of the slab. The design information of the slab. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *.g. Class Used to group slabs. etc. hot galvanized. The material of the slab.cpn. The type of finish. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. etc.g. Finish is user-definable. The material of the panel. e. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. The analysis properties of the slab. Creating a concrete slab (p. with anti-corrosive paint. e. hot galvanized.

Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. 229) Weld types (p. The loading properties of the panel. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. The position of the panel. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . 81) 8. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. See also Bolt properties (p. The design information of the panel. Define the cast unit series of the panel. Creating a concrete panel (p. The analysis properties of the panel. relative to its reference line. The offsets of the ends of the panel. The spanning properties of the panel. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. 227) Weld properties (p. Bolt assembly standard/grade. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane.

Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm.e. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Zero for a round hole. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. group diameter. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. y allowance of a slotted hole. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. x allowance of a slotted hole. depending on the bolt group shape. in both directions from the bolt group plane. enter a negative value for cut length (e. In the illustration below. For example. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . -150). or co-ordinate. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. Tolerance = Hole diameter . The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. Bolt spacing. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. number. or coordinate. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. Extra length Additional bolt length.g. Bolt spacing. Zero for a round hole. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. depending on the bolt group shape. If the bolt connects several parts.

Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . If you enter a zero or negative weld size.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. bevels. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. not in drawings. Dy. At depth Dx. The size of the weld. 93). The angle of weld preparation. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. For example. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. relative to the current work plane. but does not display it drawings. or groove. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. Tekla Structures creates the weld. Bolts (p. Type Angle See Weld types (p. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. 231). Some of the properties are only displayed in reports.

Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. for example 50–100. See Weld position (p. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. for example. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. 92). Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. To create a non-continuous weld. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. The space between the welded parts. defining the start and end points of the weld. for example. For example. 72). The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . To change the separator to @. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. information about the weld specification or process. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch.

Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Welds (p. Defines the electrode strength. Defines the process type.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Defines the electrode strength coefficient.

The dimensions of the chamfer. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . to give plates varying thicknesses. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. The name of the chamfer.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. Use these fields. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. See also Chamfering part corners (p. for example.

Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. The shape and position of the second end point. The shape and position of the first end point.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. See also General numbering settings (p. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. 234) Control number settings (p. and the shape is straight. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. 107) 8. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. and the shape is angled. and the shape is straight. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). All information on previous numbers is lost. See also Chamfering part edges (p. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 .

Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. Numbering objects (p. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. and save sequence. 157). The orientation of beams affects numbering. size. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. and number of holes affects numbering. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. See Assembly position numbers (p. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. numbering. The part name affects numbering. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. The orientation of columns affects numbering.

Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. Control numbers (p. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. See also Numbering objects (p. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. No keeps the existing control numbers. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. Needed only with the By numbering series option. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. Defines the interval between two control numbers. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. Defines which objects are affected by the change.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. If some welds have been removed. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 2.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. 237) Part positioning tips (p. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. See also Defining default part properties (p. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 241) 9. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. 239) Right-hand rule (p. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p.

when creating grids and levels in a new model. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. b Select an object. 6. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. This can useful when creating view filters. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. try modeling an entire floor. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . 7. For a project that has several identical floors. For example. Click Load to load the properties. and object groups. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. or an object group. For example. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. enter a name for the set of properties. c Enter the values you want to use. Before you start. Start the Move or Copy command. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. from simple frames to entire floors. for example. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. 5. Depending on the project. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. create an empty view or selection filter. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it.3. then copying it to several levels. The dialog box remains open on the screen. Save time by modeling these areas once. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. To use a default set of part properties. Click Save as to save the set of properties. 3. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. 4. In the box next to the Save as button. 2. To stop copying or moving objects. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. selection filters. then copying them throughout the model. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. enter BEAM.

Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. • See also Use the Page Up. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. click Select from model. select one of the options. select the review date. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. Views (p. 2. 4. and then select an object. a b To select an object property. In the Value list box. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. 2.. 132) Creating a visualization (p. Log in to the Tekla Extranet.. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. With Xmouse active.. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. or define the number of days before or after the review date. You can either select a date from the calendar. When you hold the thumb. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. you can use the Xmouse option. the index finger the y axis. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. 3. click Select date. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. to open the Select date dialog box. index finger. Open the Background color in model editor document. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. Click Add row. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. To activate a view. and the middle finger the z axis. Page Down and arrow keys. To select a date.To select values from the model: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . 2. 3. Download and install the application. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1.. and then select one of the options.

To locate the failure in the model. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. 2.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness.. especially in components. Cuts (p. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible.3 mm outside of the part planes. Try to position the cut at least 0. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. the cut is more likely to succeed. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. Click Modify.3 mm). An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. 3. For example. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. to open the Display dialog box. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. See also Cuts (p. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position.. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. If the component fails. Click Display. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . 4. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. use polygon cuts. Clear the Cuts check box. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. Note that after creating the polygon. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. • • • • If a cut fails. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually.

2. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Click a row that contains an ID number. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. move the part handles. To lengthen a part. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. or use the Fit Part End command. Click a row that contains an ID number. See also Modifying part length (p. Hold down Z. This can cause shop errors. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. move the part handles. 2. Hold down F. It can cause problems with connections and details. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p.

To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. and from bottom to top (in positive x. always pick points in the same direction. Creating a single grid line (p. pick positions from left to right. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. 57) Fittings (p. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. lines and circles. For example. 40) Points (p. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . such as beams. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. Create points. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. y directions). Use construction planes. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end.See also Part position (p.

............................................................ 74 changing the main assembly......................88 a absolute coordinates ..... 71 using bolts to create assemblies .............83 cast units ..............................................................................72 clash checking...............84 changing the main part...................................113 bending....................................................83 casting direction .......................69 steel beams ..... 79...................83 lotting.......................................84 chamfering............ 76 exploding........ 75 comparing ........................... 227 bolt group position ..................................................87 bolt group shape.................. 70 adding objects ................................................................................................................. 88 modifying ....................................143 bolting sub-assemblies............................................67 warping.............................. 185 assemblies ............................82 exploding ..................................................................................................................................................105 edge chamfers....................................................Index # 3D models............................ 72 attaching parts. 75 joining............................................68 orthogonal beams................. 76 highlighting ......65 bolts .............................................104 corner chamfer dimensions ..73.......................88 bolt spacing ....148 creating....................................................................................... 75 showing and hiding ..............................82 creating............................................ 71 examples.........................83 top-in-form face .................................................................................................................................................................................. 75 lotting. 75 changing the main part......199 b background color changing.................................................................................................................................................115 cast in place..................................................................................................................... 71......82 adding objects .........................................................................................................................107 in sketches .........................................174 numbering .................................105 corner chamfer types........................................................................................................................ 23 examples.................... 86......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 117 c cambering parts.............................105 corner chamfers ............................................................................................. 74 numbering ............................................................ 85......................................................... 174 nested assemblies ........................................................................................................................73............................................................. 131 sub-assemblies ............................................. 135 beams cambering.....157 removing objects ................................................................................................. 149 creating ................................................. 191 angles........................................................................... 143 arcs....................................115 concrete beams.............................................................79 curved beams......................... 15 views .........81 adding non-concrete objects ........................... 67..................... 157 removing objects .............. 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 .......................................... 218 steel polybeams ..................................86 bolt offsets ...............82 cast unit type ........... see visualizing project status ................. 39 4D tool.................. 225 concrete polybeams ............................................. 30 angle dimensions .......................................83 highlighting ................................................................................................................................................................................ 71 using welds to create assemblies ................................................................

.................................................................................................................................188 horizontal .....................................136 corner chamfers ..........23 background color examples....................................................................40 contour plates ..................... 117 comparing parts or assemblies................................................. 78......................................................41 construction planes......................................... 28.......186 coincident..................................................................................23 color settings ..................................................................................................... 80.......................... 116.............55 background color .................................144 colors ............235 coordinates coordinate system......113 constraints................ 223 warping ......................................147 symbols ..187 deleting .............................................................. 145...................79 slabs ..........188 parallel ..238 object groups ....................... 225 cast units.....................239 grid color............................................167 clip planes......................................................................... 78......................................41 construction lines ..................................................133 object representation settings................. 144......147 changing status .......................................checking sketched cross sections .......................................... 78............................... 51......................................................189 fixed ..........................28 copying hints and tips............... 31 columns concrete columns ...................135 project status visualizations .............................................. 149 bolts .....................................................187 vertical ...... 55 classifying information .... 222 panels ........................ 224 steel columns..................40 construction circles ............................................ 146 clash checking .................................................................................................... 81.................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78.81 casting direction.......148 changing priority ............................................. 225 strip footings .................................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................................................................124 coincident contraints ............................................................................................................................... 145...................................................................................... 218 combining parts .............................. 146................................... 224 pad footings ............ 79........ 232 types and dimensions .............................................. 105...................................197 checking the model..............................................147 list of clashes .................................. 158..............................................................77 beams ...................149 components showing and hiding...............84 columns ............................................ 226 polybeams .....132 concrete parts ............................................. 66........... 219 control numbers ..................186 perpendicular .......................................146 class.......146 sessions.......104........................187 colliding objects .............................................................................. 69.......213 finding RGB values...........................................68................................................................189 construction objects .........................................185 Clash Check Manager ................................................... 159 settings ............................................................................146 managing results ............................................................................................................................142 circles...........................................................

........... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor................................................................................................................... 184 slabs........................... 66 steel polybeams ................ 69 pad footings............. 80 standard-part models .........................................................138 creating project status visualization settings .............................................................................127 modifying contents ....................... 165 tile pattern definition .............. 132 object representation settings ................. 169 orthogonal beams ................................................................................... 80 construction circles........................................................................... 78 sub-assemblies .................................................................... 109.... 88 sketched cross sections ........................................................................................ 71 tile patterns.......................................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section...............................................119 examples assemblies ...................................................... 74 object groups........................................................................................ 163......................................... 168 sequences............................................ 30 holes........ 232 end offsets ...................................... 111 d deleting logical areas ............. 181 sketching cross sections ............................................................................................................................................. 91..191 between two points..... 82 clip planes ....................................................68......................................................................190 radial........................ 109................... 78 project status visualizations ..............................171 exact lines...................240 line cuts ......................................23 creating object groups ... 181 curved parts........................................131 examining the model ... 67 steel columns .................................. 136 screenshots. 35 welds ..................................................................................................................... 86 cast units ........................................... 71 bolts...........139 visualizing project status ................................................................. 112 polygon cuts ...................70..........................................................................................................................101 visualizing erection schedules.............................................................. 32 grid views ........................................................................... 137.................................................................... 41 construction lines .................109 hints and tips ...................................... 93...................................................................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 .................... 70 views ................89.................................................................171 detail properties ... 168 lots.............................. 174 models................................... 79 concrete slabs ................................................... 124 sections ............................................. 68 Custom Inquiry ................... 40 contour plates................................... 67 storys............................................127 cuts ........................................................................................ 164......... 172 single bolts ....................................171 object types ................................... 139 erection sequences ............................................................... 168 strip footings..........................................................................126 adding attributes.......................... 100 twin profiles ......... 81 concrete polybeams ............................................................................................................... 124 concrete beams................. 104........................................................................................................................................ 41 construction planes .............227 DGN supported objects .......................................................................................................................204 defining erection schedules..... 68 fittings............................................................................................................................ 38 grids ...............137 numbering .......................................................................................................................137 creating object representation settings................................191 deleting from a sketch ........... 108 grid lines......................162... 69 curved beams...................................... 134 object type categories ......................................................................65............................................................................192 in sketching ....................................................................193 horizontal.....143 dividing models.... 90 logical areas .................................................... 110....................................................................................................................................................................................................171 e edge chamfers....76 background colors .. 78 concrete panels................................................ 160 steel beams......................................................................................................... 107...................creating assemblies ............192 display settings ....................... 79 concrete columns ...............................................190 vertical ...........................................63 erection schedules................. 16 nested assemblies ........................ 111 part cuts.......................................216 distances measuring.......................................................48 dimensions angle...................

............. 28.................................108 fixed constraints.....................................................................................................188 flying through model ...........................................123 footings ...............................................................................................................................................................83 exporting sketched cross sections ....................................75 l lengthening parts .....31 part labels ............215 grids coordinates ...................................................................................149 fittings .....30 deleting ..42 sketched cross sections.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..........................................152 reinforcements .........................................................126 j joining assemblies...................83 reference models .............38 properties...........exploding assemblies.................................................................................................................................................................................195 reference lines ...237 holes ............................................... 29...........................................................163 modifying ....................45 hints and tips.........................................................................31 grid color....................................................................................28 grid lines .........................28 h handles .......29 modifying ......................................................................................................................................................................................238 parts..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................57 of positioning planes........................................ 89................................. 223 g global coordinate system .........................................132 cut lines.............211 work plane grid .........................................................................131 work area ...........62 i identical areas......................131 components ...........................................156 finding clashes ......................75 cast units.............84 unselected parts ......................200 f family numbers .....................................................................................................................................................32 creating..............33 properties...........64 line cuts............... see tips ..................................................................... 109................................................76 cast units ........................................ 90 horizontal constraints ........................................................................................203 extrusion types....................................................................................................78.............145 finding distant objects ......... 111 lines exact ........................57 moving ..26 highlighting assemblies....... 31 labels ................................................................................................33 modifying ...............131 local coordinate system .........................................................................................................................................................27 hiding assemblies.........................155 example ......................................................................................................................................... 31 line extensions...................................29 properties............................................130 top-in-form face........................................... 222........................................31 origin.............................126 object properties ..........................................................................................32 deleting ..............................................................................212 grid views creating.......192 horizontal position ........................................................30 creating...................58 reference models ....................203 inquiring models ....................45 selected parts ................................................................240 grid labels ..................................................................................................................................................................................56 positioning planes ....................................................................................................116 levels......................................188 horizontal dimensions ..........153 importing points .......

...............160 user-defined attributes..........................................................................................................132 deleting............................................ 165 family numbers .......................................................160 control numbers............................................................................................................................................................. 169 o object groups .....................................135 example....................................................................................................................................137 transparency settings ............................................................log files viewing .................................................. 167 modeling hints and tips ...............57 n nested assemblies................133 creating............ 241 logical areas .......................................................... 158.........134 deleting... 114 models about 3D models ........ 168 viewing ............................. 143 distances ........... 154...........................................................................................157 sequences ..............................157 cast units .......................... 58 Model Editor screen layout........................ 17 viewing ................ 143 angles.. 171 examining...... 74 numbering............... 120 materials...................................... 163 history.............................................................. 235 standard-part model ....................... 174 adding parts ................214 object property report templates............................................................................................. 233...........................................................................................................................................153 what affects ....................................... 164..................................................................... 54 measuring objects ........................................... 119 flying through model.......154 preliminary numbers.....................152 numbering settings ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................172 series..........................................................161 identical parts ............................................................ 15 checking for errors ............................157 checking and repairing .. 156......................................... 119 zooming.................................................................................................151 assemblies .................................. 16 dividing into phases............... 237 identical areas ............152 identical reinforcements .............................................. 234.....................158 reinforcements....................................................................167.......................................................................... 169 object types ...........138 object types ......................... 21 Model Organizer.........................161 clearing................................... 175 removing ..................................................................................................................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 .................135 creating...132 color settings ........... 151 organizing.. 155............................................................ 73..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................162. 175 creating ...133 example......................................................................................233 m Magnifier......... 167 rotating ......................... 156 settings ............ 159 examples ............................. 122 numbering ... 142 creating ...................126 object representation settings...................................195 using handles ................................................................................................................................................... 143 bolt spacing ......................... 153........................213 copying to another model .............................. 123 inquiring.................................................................................. 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)...................................................................................................................................................................................................133 copying .. 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position .......................................... 175 moving hints and tips ... 238 parametric modeling........................................ 119 modifying logical areas .......... 121 saving.......159 numbering series......238 models in a view......................................................................................................................................................... 156 about numbering . 176 rendered or plan view?............................................................................................... 126 moving.... 163................................... 170 lotting.................................................................................................... 151....................153 modifying ...............122 positioning planes.......................................................................................167 viewing ................................................. 174 deleting.........................................................................................................................................

............................. 154..........................................................................................................................................................................................70 bending ...................................... 79 polygon cuts.........93 polylines ....74 assemblies..........................212 properties.......................... 173 shortening ...............................................................................................................................................................115 changing the material .............131 splitting..........................................................................................................................................................143 numbering...............117 steel parts ..................212 polybeams..... 58 profiles ...............................................................................................................................55 warping ............................... 145 defining visibility...................................................................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................................................................187 phases ..................................................................................... 78....................126 measuring................................................................................................................................................................................................................................54 modifying part length ............................................................................................................................................54 changing the profile .................................................................................................................................................................................................237 hiding .............186 parametric modeling ................................................................................................................................................ 144............................52 position ...................122 parallel constraints........................................................................................................116 lotting .56 part properties..........................................................128 offsets ..............................156 views.....42 phase and ID .......131 showing with exact lines ......116 comparing ............................................152 labels .................................................................42 coordinates ................................220 overlapping numbering series ............................................242 showing and hiding......................................115 lengthening in drawings ......................................................... 57.......130 horizontal parts ................................................................ 222 panels ..................................................116 showing only selected parts.....................65 cambering .........................................................................................................................................................112 polygon welds ..................................212 importing ................................. 112 default properties ..............................63 opening models ...77 cutting with another part ..................................................................................... see attaching parts .242 identical parts.........................51 sequences ............167 orthogonal beams .........................................53 part add......176 profiles ............................................174 material ........................ 67...................................................................17 organizing the model ...............164 plane views ..171 in numbering .113 perpendicular constraints................66 user-defined attributes ..............239 oversized holes.....156 placing objects in model ......................52 properties....................128 finding distant objects ................ 111 polygon shapes.......................................................................................................................................................242 positioning ............................................................... 156 part types ....56 lengthening ...........................................................................................241 numbering...............................................................................................................................................56 showing and hiding...........................................................................objects clash checking ..........................149 inquiring properties ................................ 172.......................................................................217 parts adding to assembly..... 109.................................................. 110..117 part labels .........................115 shortening in drawings...........................................................................................................................39 points ..........................................81 panning ..............................................................................90 p pad footings ................52 combining .................................176 parametric profiles .............................149 concrete parts .........

......................................................................................... 53 sketched profiles ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................45 splitting into reference objects......................................................................................... 53 project status visualizations.............................................. 65 depth ..........................................................................239 rotating models...............................................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 . 135 copying.....57.......... 201 standard .........................................................................................................................................................................................................44 selecting .............................................................................43 clash checking..........................................................................................................39 reinforcements identical ....................................... 63 horizontal........................................................59 rotation settings ..................................................................................................... 237 r radial dimensions ................................................................................... 125 priority in clash checking....................................................................................................................................................................153 numbering ..................................... 59 vertical.........128 restoring default work plane .................. 158 preparing parts for welding...................... 59 rotation ....................................................................239 right-hand rule ...57 refreshing views........................................48 updating....................................................................... 53 twin profiles .............................................................................................36 representation options............198 screen layout in Model Editor .....136........................ 190 radius................................ 64 on the work plane............................................. 48 reference models........................................................157 relative coordinates ....................................................... 193 handles......................................................53.......................................................................................44 modifying properties ..................213 rotation angle knob . 53 separators .................................................. 60 end offsets...............144 hiding.....................................121 parts ....................45 viewing layers.....................................................17 sketched cross sections .....................................................28 reverting to default positioning planes.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 136 example.......................... 61 positioning planes...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................58 round holes.................197 to old clash checking functionality ..................................................................................... 70 user-defined ...... 53 weld size prefix......128 repairing numbering errors .................................30 rendered views ....... 62 levels ................................................................................ 39 reference lines............................................................................149 RGB values ..................................................................................89 plates............................................................126 reports viewing .......45 highlighting .. 197 prefixes profile name prefixes........ 58 reference model objects ..................... 196 moving................................ 65 redrawing views.................... 147 profiles......................................................69 slabs .................................................................. 176 prefixes.............................45 inserting..................... 138 properties default .................................................. 136 deleting.......... 195 reverting to default ......................................48 supported DGN objects ..................................................80 s saving models...........................position bending .......241 representation options .................................................................. 136 creating ...... 47 selecting .........................................................................................................................................................46 reference points.......... 94 printing screenshots.................. 52 parametric ...........................45 viewing changes............................................................ 93 preliminary numbers....161 report templates for inquiring object properties .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...53 standard-part models ..........................195 reference lines ..............................218 strip footing properties ..............................................................................................183 slabs.............................................................................................125 printing.........................182 sketch editor....................................................232 general modeling settings........................................................................................................................115 shortening parts in drawings .......225 contour plate properties.185 chamfers ..........132 cut lines....................................172 adding parts.......................................45 values from model .............................218 steel column properties ......238 reference model objects .....................................................................233................................................................80 warping ...............................118 standard profiles .................................181 sketched cross sections.....................................screenshots creating.....................................................184 creating images ........84 views.........................................................................................................................................229 shifting the work plane ..............................................................................................220 pad footing properties..........160 status in clash checking ..186 saving ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................213 screenshot settings......................................................................................................................................................................201 variables ......................................................56 parts with exact lines .........131 components .........................................................................201 example ............ 203 modifying ....................................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ...........199 checking.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 194............................................. 202.......201 refining the shape .................227 display settings .................. 235 orthogonal beam properties............. 234.....................116 showing assemblies...232 detail properties ................................172 deleting .............................................173 settings bolt properties..131 positioning planes .........................................................................173 inquiring ..... 202............................................................................................................................212 grid properties...............................190 arcs ......................186 adding dimensions....................... 203 extrusion types.......................... 196 profiles .............................................................................................219 corner chamfer properties .................................204 exporting ..........................................................173 creating........124 in Windows Vista ....................211 grid line properties .....................................................125 settings ........................................................................241 shortening and lengthening parts ................................................... see screenshots ........................................................................................................................................173 modifying ..................................................... 118 plates and slabs..... 114 slotted holes.58 top-in-form face................................193...198 sketch thickness .........................................225 concrete column properties ...................222 part properties ..................................................................227 concrete beam properties.......................................................197 circles...........................................57 snapshots............................125 saving in bitmap format ............................................................................. 117.........88 single grid lines ....216 edge chamfer properties..............226 concrete slab properties ..............................................223 twin profile properties ...........................................................................................................................................................224 concrete panel properties ................168 selecting dates from model......................................................................................................................................................................48 reference models......................................................238 selection dial ..........................................184 positioning planes .......................147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................26 single bolts ........................214 steel beam properties .......................................................................................................215 weld properties .....32 single-part welds ..................................................................124 splitting parts......200 importing .....................215 view settings .................................. 113.........................................................185 creating .....................199 using in models.....240 parts labels ....................................214 sections..............................................................58 sequences ............211 grid view properties ....................................................................................90 snapping to middle points......................221 view properties ..............................................217 point properties...............................................................................................................................................................215 numbering settings .38 work area ...........................................................................198 polylines......................................................................................................................................................181 adding constraints.................................................................................94 Sketch Browser...212 rotation settings ........................

............................... 70.............................................................................35 view planes...214 twin profiles..............................................................................................................................................................215 viewing logical areas ........................................36 visibility of objects. 101 pattern definitions........38 modifying .................................................................................................... 97 on chamfered parts .... 68 orthogonal beams ............... 97 on parts with openings and recesses............... 70 beams ............................................... 238 creating horizontal parts................... 72 surface treatment .................................................. 103 pattern elements .................................. 119...35 opening........ 237 finding RGB values for colors............... 95 adding .......................................... 219 curved beams.......................... 100 creating new tile patterns ..................................................136 t testing sketched cross sections ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 on cut faces............................................................... 71 bolting to existing assembly ......................38 overlapping............................................. 99 modifying................ 242 cutting efficiently...................... 96 on all faces of part.................. 39 top-in-form face .......................................................... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .......................................96........................................................ 72 welding to existing assembly.................................. 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ..............................170 models.................................... 221 u user interface in Model Editor ... 68................ 223 sub-assemblies ............................................................................ 66 assemblies ........................................................................................................................38 naming......................................................39 temporary ....................................................................39 closing ...............................................................................................................128 view planes............................. 239 selecting values from model........................................................................................................................................................................ 220 polybeams............................................................61 view depth .................................................................................................189 vertical dimensions .........................................................................69.............................................................................................. 168 strip footings ................ 221 storys....173 views........ 104 tips activating overlapping views ...........................................................................................39 switching between views ..................................................................................161 object types .....153 user-defined profiles ................................70................................................................... 97 tiled surface treatment..........................................................................170 sequence numbers......................... 240 defining default part properties................................66............36 view types.......................................................................21 user-defined attributes...238 variables in parametric modeling ....................................................................................................... 242 right-hand rule .....................55 in numbering....................................................183 vertical constraints..........33 arranging .............................................................................................................. 238 modifying part length................................................................... 69...........84 transparency settings ............39 creating..................... 67 twin profiles ..................................215 refreshing ..67.............................. 124 numbering history..........................................................................................53 v values selecting from model ....................176 in sketching .................192 vertical position...... 197 tiled surface treatment......... 96 creating new surface treatments ..................78.............35 deleting........................................................ 241 placing objects .........................................36 moving.............................. 100 pattern definition example .......................................................................................... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 ................37 view settings ............. 100 switching between views .................................................................................................................................................. 239 modeling identical areas ................239 properties ......... 239 copying and moving efficiently ................................................................................ 98 on selected areas..................steel parts........................................................................ 218 contour plates.................................................................................................................128 visualizing project status............ 218 columns............. 97 on part face .............................................

.................................................................................................... 114 welds..................................................................................91.................................................28 shifting ................................... 229 between parts ....................................94 weld size prefixes ...........................................................231 welding sub-assemblies ...............................................26 hiding .......93 single-part welds.............................36 work area ..........72 wire frame views ........... 113............................................w warping beams................................120 zoom window ....................... 93..................................................................................................................120 zoom settings.......234 polygon welds........... 94 numbering...............................................................................27 workspace in Model Editor........................................... 25......................................113 concrete slabs ............26 work plane..........................120 zooming in or out .....92 weld preparation ..............................................................113 concrete parts..........27 restoring.................................120 with keyboard shortcuts ............................................................... 91............................................93 weld types............................................................. 128 defining ................................21 z zooming using Magnifier ..............................................................................................................................................91 creating.............................................94 weld position.......................................................................................................................................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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