Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

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. Creating a nested assembly ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3............................................................................................................ Creating a contour plate ........... Position depth ................................................................................................. Creating an orthogonal beam............................................ Position on the work plane ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a twin profile..................................................................................................................................................... Adding objects to assemblies....................................................................................................................................................................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ............................................ Using bolts to create assemblies ......................................................................................................................................................... Horizontal position ..2 Moving a part using handles ..... Parametric profiles .............................................................................................................................. Using welds to create assemblies .................................................................... Changing the material of a part .................................... Modifying the position of a part ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3... 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ......... Levels ............................................................................................................................................Changing the profile of a part .......... User-defined attributes .....................................................................................................................................................................3 Creating a steel column.......... Creating a curved beam .............................................4 Creating an assembly................................................. Part labels ................ 66 Assemblies..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a round contour plate ................................... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ................................. Creating a steel polybeam............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Materials....................................................................................... Showing part reference lines in model views .......................................................................... Bending ............................................................ 57 Steel parts............................................... Assembly hierarchy ................................................................................................................ 3....................................................................................................................................................................................... Standard profiles ................................................................. User-defined profiles ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Adding parts to an assembly ............................. Rotation ................................................................................................................................................................... End offsets .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Vertical position .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Colors ... Creating a steel beam ................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a sub-assembly .......................... Showing part labels in a view ................................................................................................................................................. 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..............

..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4....................................................................5 Creating a pad footing............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete panel .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Changing the assembly main part ................................................................................ Creating a concrete column ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete slab ............................. Creating a concrete beam................................................... Creating a single bolt .......................................................... Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ............................................ Changing the main assembly .................................................................................... Casting direction ..................... Removing objects from an assembly ........................................................................................ Highlighting objects in an assembly ......................................... Creating a strip footing .................................. 81 4 Detailing Structures .... Showing the top-in-form face ................................................................................................................................................................................ Defining the casting direction of a part ..........2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes.......... Highlighting objects in a cast unit................ Changing or adding bolted parts ................................................................................. 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Creating round holes...................................................................................................................... 3............................................................................................. 77 Cast units.............................................................. Creating a round slab ..........................................................................Joining assemblies ......................................................................................1 Bolts..................................................................................................................... Defining the cast unit type.............................................................................................................................................................................................. Exploding a cast unit .................................................................................... 85 4.............................................................................................................................. Bolt group shape .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3............................... Removing objects from a cast unit ....................... 85 Creating a bolt group................. Exploding an assembly ................................. 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ............................. Bolt offsets ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Bolt group position ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ......... 89 Creating slotted holes ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit ........................................... Changing the cast unit main part ........... Creating a concrete polybeam ........................... Adding objects to cast units .................................... Assembly examples .......................................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................... Creating a fitting .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Part cuts ................................. Cuts ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a weld to a part .....................................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment.................................................................. Line cuts ......................... Polybeam chamfers ..... 4....................................................................................................................................... Weld size prefixes ............................................. 100 Creating new tile patterns ............ 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ..................................................................................................... Weld preparation ......................................................... Manually preparing a part for welding ..............................................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ...................................................................................................................................................... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................................................. 90 4..................................................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 101 Tile pattern definitions ...................................................................................................... Weld position ....................................................................................................... 91 Creating a weld between parts........................................................................... 103 Tile pattern elements .............. 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Warping concrete parts .............................................. Chamfering part edges ........................................................................................Creating oversized holes......................... Chamfering part corners ......................................................................................... 99 Tiled surface treatment............................................................. Corner chamfer types and dimensions ...................................................................................................................................................................... Cutting parts with another part ............................................... Fittings.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 96 Adding surface treatment to parts .................................................................................... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ......................3 Welds .................. Polygon cuts ............................................................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ........................................................................................................................................................................................... Warping a beam using deformation angles .................................................................................................................................................................. 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ...................................................................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options..................................... Cutting parts with a line ..................... 104 4...................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ....... Creating a polygon weld............................................ 104 Chamfers.................. 100 Example pattern definition ............................................................................................................................................ 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ........................................................................................................ Modifying the shape of a polygon........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................. Showing and hiding assemblies................................... 4............................................................................ 119 Zooming the model ....................................................................... 116 Combining two parts into one................................... Shortening and lengthening parts .....................................3 Defining which objects are displayed .........................7 Splitting parts .......................................................................... Shortening a part in drawings ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5......................................................................... 126 Showing and hiding objects .......................................................................................................................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Object property report templates ......................................................................................................................................................... Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ................. Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ................................................................................................................................................................................ 117 4............................................................................. 116 Attaching a part to another part....................... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab .............. Zooming with Magnifier ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Inquiring object properties................................................................................................................................... Moving the model................................... Flying through the model............................................................................................... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ........................................................................ Showing parts with exact lines ........................................................................... 5.......................................................... Creating a screenshot.................................................................................... 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model .................................................................................................................. Rotating the model .......................................................................................................... 118 5 Examining the Model...................................................................................................................................................................... Printing a screenshot ..................................................................................................................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ........................................... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 118 Splitting a plate or slab............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Hiding selected parts................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts............................................................................................................... Lengthening a part in drawings ............................................................................................................1 Viewing the model ... Representation options ................................................................................................................ Modifying the zoom settings ............. Cambering a part ........... Hiding unselected parts......................................................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers .......................................................................... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool .................................... Creating a clip plane .................. Using the Custom Inquiry tool ............................................... 119 5..................................... Cambering parts..............................................................................................................................................

....... Copying object representation settings to another model ................................ Example: Creating visualization settings ....................................... Clash Check Manager ............................................................................................ Creating an object group ............................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting an object group ..........................................................................Showing and hiding components ......................................... 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................................................................................................................................................... Copying visualization settings to another model ... Copying an object group to another model .......... Example: Creating object groups ..................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting visualization settings ................................................................................................................ 152 Identical reinforcements ........................................................................................ 152 Identical parts ............................................................................................................... Creating object representation settings ............................................................................................................... 142 6 Numbering the Model.......................................................................................................... Deleting object representation settings ........4 Creating a visualization ...................................................................................................................................................................................2 What is numbering ............................... Object groups .................... Measuring distances ....... Measuring bolt spacing ........................................................................................................................ Comparing parts or assemblies................ 153 Planning your numbering series...................................................................................................... 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status.................................................. Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ......................................... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ........ Measuring angles .............................................3 Defining numbering series ....................... 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ..................................................................1 6........................................................................................................................ 5................................................................................................................................ Finding clashes in a model ............................................................................................................................................................... 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ................................................... Object representation settings............................................................................................ Example: Creating object representation settings ........ 153 6........................................................................................................................................................................... Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ........ Detecting clashes ............................................................................................................. 151 What affects numbering ....................................................................................................... Finding distant objects.......................... 135 Checking the model ...................................................... 5..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Measuring objects ....................................................................... Example: Defining an erection schedule ......................................................................................................................................................................... 151 6..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.......................... Adding parts to a sequence .......................................................................................................................................................... 6............... 172 173 173 173 173 7. 172 Creating a sequence ......................................................................................................................................................................... 6........................................ Changing numbers...........................................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases.............................................................................................. Creating object type categories........................... Clearing numbers......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part.................................................................................................................. Viewing logical areas and object type categories ........................................ Assembly position numbers ........................................................................................................................................................................................................5 6...........4 Numbering assemblies and cast units .......................................................................................................... Control numbers..................................................................... Numbering reinforcements............................................................... Deleting a sequence .................6 6................................................................. 7............................................................... 161 Numbering examples........................................................................................... 167 7........................................................Family numbers...................................................... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling.............................................................................................................. Modifying logical areas and object type categories..........................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Numbering settings during a project ............................................................................................................ 171 Dividing the model into phases ........... Changing the family number of an object ................................................................................................ 162 Example: Numbering identical beams..................... 171 7...................... Saving preliminary numbers..................... Example: Using family numbers................ 161 Repairing numbering errors ......................................... Example: Numbering selected part types ................................................................................................................. 171 Custom phase properties .................................................................................................................................................................1 Organizing the model....................................................................................... Locking and unlocking control numbers ...........3 Sequences..................................................... Assigning family numbers ............................................................................................. Deleting logical areas and object type categories..... Assigning control numbers to parts ........................................................................................................... 167 Creating logical areas .......................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Lotting .... Example: Numbering parts in selected phases..................................................................................................................... Overlapping numbering series ........................................................................................................................................... Checking the sequence of a part ........................................... Creating a standard-part model ................................................................. 156 Viewing the numbering history................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal constraint ..................................................................................................................... Sketching a circle .............6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ............................................................................ Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ............ Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ....................................... Moving positioning planes ........................................... Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section................. 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ....................... Deleting a dimension from a sketch ............................................................................................................................. 7.............................................................................................................................................................................................. 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ........................................... Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ................................................................................................................................................. Modifying a sketched cross section................................................ Adding parts to a lot ........ Adding a vertical constraint .................................................. Deleting a constraint ........................................................................................................................................................... Adding a fixed constraint .......................5 7................................................................ Sketching an arc ................. Removing parts from a lot ........... Setting the sketch thickness ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Deleting a lot ..........................Creating a lot ........................... Part positioning planes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ................................................................ Variables .......................... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section........................................................................................................... Reverting to default positioning planes ....... Sketching a polyline .......................................................................................................... Cross section extrusion types .......... Saving a sketched cross section ............................................................................ Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 176 Sketched cross sections ............................................................................................................................ Moving positioning plane handles ..... Adding a coincident constraint .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ............................................................ Adding a parallel constraint ............ Showing and hiding positioning planes ........................................ Sketch Browser ......................................................................... Checking a sketched cross section ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Modifying chamfers in a sketch ........... Adding a perpendicular constraint ............................................................................................ Sketching the outline of a cross section ................................................................................... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................................................................................................................. Connection positioning planes ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Display settings ....................................................................... 215 View properties .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Concrete panel properties................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ............................................................................................................... Rotation settings ............................................................................................................................................... Example: Using the cross section in a model ................................................................................ Orthogonal beam properties ...................................................................................................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings..........................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ........................................... 227 Bolt properties............. 217 Steel column properties ........................................................ Importing sketched cross sections ....... Concrete column properties ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Grid view properties ...............................................................................................................1 General settings..........................................................................................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings................................................................................................................................... Strip footing properties .. 229 Weld types ........................................................................................................... Steel beam properties .................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section.................................................3 Part properties .................. Exporting sketched cross sections .. Concrete slab properties ...................................................... 8.................................. 216 8......................................... Screenshot settings........................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness .............................. 211 8.............. Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section ..................... Color settings ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 211 Grid properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................. Pad footing properties..... Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ....................................................................................................................... 227 Weld properties ................................................................................................................................................. Grid line properties.......................................................................... Transparency settings.......................................................................................................... Contour plate properties.......................................... Creating an image of a sketched cross section .................................. Twin profile properties..................................... Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Concrete beam properties............................. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ................................................................................................................................ Point properties ............................................................................................................................... 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8.................................................................................4 Detail properties........................................................................................................................

................................................... Creating horizontal parts .................. 232 8............ 237 9........................................................... 233 General numbering settings .................................................... Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ................................................................................................................................. Cutting efficiently ................... Optional ways of placing objects in a model ......................................................................................................... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern............................................................................................................... Copying and moving efficiently....................................................................... 237 Defining default part properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Right-hand rule............................................................................................................ Selecting values from the model ........................................................................................................ 233 Weld numbering settings............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips...................................... Hiding cut lines in a view ........ Modeling identical areas..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 General modeling tips ................................................................................................5 Numbering settings ..............................................................................Corner chamfer properties ......................... Activating an overlapping view ............................................................................ Finding RGB values for colors............................................................................ 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................................................................................................ 9............................................................................................................................. 234 Control number settings ......................................................................................................... 235 9 Modeling Tips .........................................................................................................2 Modifying part length ................ 232 Edge chamfer properties .................................................................

17) Saving a model (p. such as reports and NC data files.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. and save models in Tekla Structures. 18) 1. you can create a real-life model of any structure. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. 15) Creating a new model (p. as they react to modifications in the model. 17) Model templates (p. create. 16) Opening a model (p.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

When you open or create a model. 25) Work plane (p. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. 27) Coordinate system (p. the icons and available menu options will become active. a new window appears on the screen. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . 29) Views (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 28) Grids (p. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. 33) Construction objects (p. 43) 2. 40) Points (p. 21) Work area (p.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. Initially. 42) Reference models (p.

The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions. and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p. 23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. Finding RGB values for colors (p. To use the default background color. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. 239) Background color examples (p. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. 2. and so on. 3. set the same value for all four corners of the background. > Model View. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. leave the advanced option fields empty.. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1..

0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 Result 0.4 0.0 1.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.0 1.RGB values 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 1.0 0.

0 0.6 0.0 1.7 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.3 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.0 1. dashed lines.8 0.6 1.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.0 0.0 1.3 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .2 0. 239) 2.0 Result 0.0 1.8 0.RGB values 0.

Alternatively. To make the box visible again. or all model objects. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. This can be useful. To define the work area: 1. Click View > Redraw All. See also Work area (p. click View > Redraw All again. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. or size the work area to include selected parts. 4.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. 26) Hiding the work area (p. > Model View. To make the work area visible again. Work area (p. for example. for example. Objects outside the work area still exist. you can hide the green work area box. You can define the work area in a selected view. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. or in all visible views. 1. Click OK or Apply.. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . see the corresponding menu tooltip. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. set the advanced option to FALSE. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box.. but they are not visible. 5. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. when creating screenshots for presentations. Tekla Structures hides the work area. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. See also Defining the work area (p. 2. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. 3. For more information on each command. 2.

For example. or on a part or view plane. See also Shifting the work plane (p. To shift the work plane: 1. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. so it is the same in all views. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. which is the local coordinate system of the model. For more information on each command. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. part positioning. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. which can be used for positioning parts. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. 28) Right-hand rule (p. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. 3. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. 2. parallel to one of the global basic planes.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. The work plane also has its own grid. When modeling sloped parts. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p.2. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. For example creating points. To display the work plane grid. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. The current work plane is model-specific. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 .

.See also Work plane (p. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. Set Depth coordinate to 0...0. Set Plane to XY. 3. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. To restore the default work plane: 1. 2. Work plane (p. See also Work plane (p.0 0. 3. to change the color to red. 2. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1.. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. Click OK. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. Click Change. y. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. > Model View. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. 239) 2. 4. For example.0 0. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 4. set the value to 1.

27) View types (p.In wire frame views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. 36) 2. See also Work plane (p. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes.

3. If you do not pick a point. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. The z coordinates are absolute.You can have more than one grid in a model. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. Optional: When prompted. For example. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. You can also create grids manually. and Z0. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. 30) Grid labels (p. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. Y0. 31) Grid properties (p. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. 0 2*4000. 30) Modifying a grid (p. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. See also Creating a grid (p. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. Y0. 31) Changing the grid color (p. 31) Grid lines (p. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. 29) Grid coordinates (p. 30) Coordinate system (p. 31) Deleting a grid (p. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. Click Modeling > Create Grid. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. and Z0. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin.. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. 4. 5. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. For example. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. See also Creating a grid (p. To manually create a grid: 1. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .. Modify the grid properties. 0 4000 4000. Grids (p. See also Click Create. 2.

Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. When working with very large grids. 4. you can leave the label fields empty. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3. 3.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. 2. Modify the grid properties. not the grid. Grids (p. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. is selected. If you wish. See also Grids (p. The Grid dialog box appears. See also Grids (p. 29) Creating a grid (p. When you delete a grid. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. If you have also other objects selected. 2. 29) Grid properties (p. See also Click Modify to save the changes. is selected. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS.

33) Moving a part using handles (p. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. You can use handles to move the grid lines. Pick the starting point of the grid line. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. When you select a grid line. set the value to 1. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 4.1. 4. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid.0 0. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. For example. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. Pick the end point of the grid line. 3. the handles appear in magenta. 2. See also Grids (p.. 2.0. 3. See also Grids (p. Click OK..0 0. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Single grid lines have handles. > Model View. to change the color to red.

32) Grid line properties (p. 2. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. 2. See also Grid lines (p. Modify the grid line properties. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. When you delete a grid line. Click Modify to save the changes. 4. 32) 2. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. 3. See also is selected. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . If you also have other objects selected. not the grid line. 3. is selected. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. For example.See also Grid lines (p. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. Grid lines (p.

plane. and elevation views provide different types of information. 39) Refreshing views (p. which is useful for different tasks. 38) Modifying a view (p. 38) Switching between open views (p. This places the part in the center of the view. 38) Deleting a view (p. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. 35) Opening a view (p. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . create a 3D view of the part. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. See also Creating a view (p.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 39) Arranging views (p. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views.

it is very important to give views unique names. see the corresponding menu tooltip. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. If several users have different views with the same name.If you are working with two screens. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. Optional: Save the view. 33) View settings (p. Select a view command from the View menu. disappear when you close them. c See also Click Modify. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. 2. b Type a unique name in the Name field. 36) View planes (p. Temporary views. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. which have a default name in parentheses. 215) About naming views (p. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. See also Views (p. 35) View types (p. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. For more information on each command. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. 3. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. or the view will not be saved for later use. See also Creating a view (p. In multi-user mode. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 36) Creating grid views (p. When you exit the model. Views (p.

The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. xz. 35) Representation options (p.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. • See also Creating a view (p. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. In basic views. and zy). two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. It does not appear in the plane name. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. In the basic plane view. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model.

36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . When you move a view plane. click the Pick button to re-activate the command.. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. depending on the creation method. Other views For view types other than basic views. See also View planes (p. 4.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. 2. or enter its coordinates. To move the view plane: 1. 37) Creating a view (p. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. or enter its coordinates. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. 5. 3. Pick the end point of the translation vector. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis.. Click Move. If the Move . Click the view. or the points are defined automatically.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. from the pop-up menu. Moving a view plane (p.

and all visible views on the right. 4.. See also Views (p. 5.. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. 35) Grid view properties (p. 33) View settings (p. Click View > View List. The Views dialog box appears. 3. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. Tekla Structures displays a warning.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. check how many views you have open. 3... or double-click a view to open it. To open multiple views.. Modify the view properties. 2. If the view does not appear. create a view that contains a grid. The Views dialog box appears. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Modify the grid properties. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. Click Modify. Before you start. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Select the grid. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. how it will name the views. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. See also Creating a view (p. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. If you try to open more than nine views. Click Create. To create grid views: 1. and which view properties it will use. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. 2. 2. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Views (p.

use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. In the View Properties dialog box. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. Click View > Redraw All. and all visible views on the right. The Views dialog box appears. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. 2. Click View > View List. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left.1. Views (p. To delete multiple views. select an option from the Angle list box. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. See also Views (p. Views (p.. 33) Switching between open views (p. Click Delete. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu.. On the Window menu. and then click Modify. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P.. Select the view you want to delete. Views (p. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. 3. select a view from the list.

The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. See also Creating a construction plane (p.To arrange the views. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. See also Views (p. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. 6. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. Click the middle mouse button. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. 33) 2. 5. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. lines. 2. For example. When you move the plane. Double-click the plane in the model. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face.7 Construction objects Construction planes. 3. For example. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. Tekla Structures draws the plane. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. 40) Creating a construction line (p. Tile Horizontally. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. Type a name for the plane. You cannot use the Cascade. Click View > Close All. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. 4. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . select the Magnetic check box. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. and circles help you place other objects. They do not appear in drawings. Pick four points. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines.

2. For more information on each command. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. b Select the Magnetic check box. 4. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. 2. See also Construction objects (p. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. 3. c Click Modify. See also Construction objects (p. See also Construction objects (p.7. Click Modify. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. Pick the end point of the construction line. a Double-click the line in the model. Pick the starting point of the construction line. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 .

Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users.2. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. Create a point import file. For more information on each command. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. See also Creating a point (p. To import points from a file: 1. 2. When you create points. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 42) Point properties (p. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. 42) Importing points (p.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. Points (p. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick.

It does not save the reference model when you save the current model.1000 300. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. 3. See also Inserting a reference model (p. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. *.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model.igs. b Save the file. Type the ASCII file name.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. During the import process.dwg) MicroStation (*. 6.1500 2.700. an architectural model. See also Points (p. or a heating. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. a plant design model.3dd) IFC files (*.rop. If you do not specify the path. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. 5. 7. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. Type point in the Search field and click Search.IFC) IGES files (*. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures. Double-click Point Creation Import (8). For example. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. For example: 100. Include the full path and the file extension. 4.dgn.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. *.500. Click Create. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. 42) 2.dxf) AutoCAD (*.prp) Cadmatic models (*.

4. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. 46) Reference model objects (p. Click the Browse. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. Set the scale of the reference model.Updating reference models (p. or you forget to click Apply. see Adding properties.... 2. Click User-defined attributes. if it uses different measurement units). 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. 4. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. See also Reference models (p. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. 6. 3. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. button to browse for the reference model file. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example... 2. 5. 7. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. For more information on user-defined attributes. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Pick a position to define the reference model origin. 3. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model.inp file. the file does not exist. Click File > Reference Model List. If you do not define a reference model file to use.. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Click File > Insert Reference Model. Open a Tekla Structures model. Check the work plane position. Modify the properties and then click Modify.

xml) 3D DWG (. Click File > Reference Model List. To update all reference models: 1..dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . 2. See also Click File > Reference Model List. 2.. Click File > Reference Model List. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p.. Reference models (p. To highlight a reference model: 1. Click Reload all. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. switch. 2. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated.3dd) WebViewer (.. See also Reference models (p. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1. Reference models (p.ifc) Cadmatic (. See also Reference models (p. Select a reference model from the list.. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. you can highlight them. but the changes are rarely documented. 2. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model..

43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model... Double-click the reference model. 4. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. For example. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. 2. See also Reference models (p. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . select Inserted to see the added objects. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. To view reference model layers: 1. Double-click the reference model. 3. Click Display. button next to the Old file name field. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section.To view changes in a reference model: 1.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

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53) User-defined profiles (p. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . and user-defined profiles. When you create or modify a part. Icon Description A standard profile. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. See also Changing the profile of a part (p.. 66) Concrete parts (p. 52) Standard profiles (p. 53) Parametric profiles (p. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. A parametric profile. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. button next to the Profile field. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. click the Select. • For steel parts.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. Open the Select Profile dialog box.. parametric. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. 51) Steel parts (p.

but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. select the Show all profiles check box. 6. See also Profiles (p. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . Select a profile from the list. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. If you select a parametric profile. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. For example. use the Profile name list box. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. For concrete parts. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. /. X. By default. so you should not edit them. See also Profiles (p. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. • To see all the properties of profiles. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . 4.• 3. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. • To select a recently used profile. click the button next to the Shape field. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. See also Profiles (p. See also Profiles (p. • 5. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. Click Apply or OK. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. environmentspecific profiles. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. and *. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. the profile catalog contains standard. Click Modify. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. select the Show details check box.

2. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. For example. select the Show aliases check box. For example.. or names used in different countries or standards. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. Click Apply or OK. porosity. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. they can be former names. • 4. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. such as strengths. 6. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. 3. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. partial safety factors. Click Select. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. select the Show details check box. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. and thermal dilatation coefficient. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . including the modulus of elasticity.. Select a material from the list. Click Modify. The Select Material dialog box appears. and so on. next to the Material field. See also Materials (p.Materials When you create or modify a part. • To see all the properties of materials. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. 5. or country-specific properties. Poisson’s ratio.

Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. Attributes can consist of numbers. or lists. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part.. text.. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . or in projects. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. When drawings of the parts are created.

Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 3. 4. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties.4 Connection code Can be used. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. user-defined attributes.. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. go to the Advanced tab. In the Display dialog box... 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. Select the Part label check box. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. User-defined fields. Click Display. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part.. See also Part properties (p. and Moment User field 1. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. Tension. 2. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. To protect objects from being accidentally changed.. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p.. See also Part properties (p.

Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. The points form the part reference line. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . Part labels (p. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. 3. Select the part. you position it by picking points. If Drag and Drop is switched on. Select the handles. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. 6. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. Click Modify. for example. 58) Part positioning tips (p. a Select a property in the Properties list. 2. just drag the part to a new position. the rest are magenta.2 Part position When you create a part. The handle of the first end point is yellow. 7. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. b Click Add. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. See also Moving a part using handles (p. The Part label dialog box appears. See also Part position (p. Tekla Structures displays the handles. 56) 3.5. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. Move the part like any other object. When you select a part. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels.

2. Part position (p.. enter a value in the corresponding box. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click Modify. To change the Angle. For example. Click in the Mini Toolbar. Click Display. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. To change the rotation angle. Plane offset. or Depth offset. modify the desired position settings. On the Advanced tab. See also Position on the work plane (p. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees.. Modify the settings. On the Position tab. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 4. select the Part reference line check box. 3. 2. • • • To change the overall position of the part. The object moves in the model accordingly. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. See also Click View > View Properties.. 3. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. use the round selection dial. Hold down Shift to override this. Click Modify and OK. to open the Display dialog box. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. Click and drag to select a position.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1..

58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. 63) Levels (p. 61) Horizontal position (p. To do this. 64) Bending (p. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. 62) End offsets (p. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line.Rotation (p. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . 60) Vertical position (p. 59) Position depth (p.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p. perpendicular to the work plane.

relative to its reference point. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part.Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 .

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . relative to its reference point.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part.

Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. You can enter positive and negative values. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. relative to its reference line.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line.

To position the upper columns correctly. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). Use to define the position of the second end. you must modify their bottom level position. you can enter the positions of the part ends. relative to the picked point. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . the concrete columns form a two-story structure.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. In this example. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. not at the level you picked. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box.

you need to specify the number of segments. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. for example a curved beam. Alternatively. You can also define the plane of curvature. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. the less angular the part appears. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments.Top level = 1000. which is relative to the current work plane. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . When you initiate a command that creates a curved part.

68) Creating a contour plate (p. 3.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 66) Creating a steel beam (p. 2. 58) 3. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. Click the Create column icon. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. See also Creating a steel column (p. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. Pick the position of the column.

See also Steel column properties (p. 3. 2. Click the Create beam icon. 3. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. 218) Levels (p. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. To create a steel polybeam: 1.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. 4. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . Pick the starting point. Pick the end point. You can also create bent plates with this command. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. 2. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Click the Create polybeam icon. See also Steel beam properties (p.

See also Steel beam properties (p. 5. 5. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. Pick a point on the arc (2). 2. Optional: To create curved segments. 4. 2. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 3. 4. Pick the starting point. 218) Bending (p. Pick the starting point again. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. Pick the end point (3). 106) Steel beam properties (p. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. Click the Create curved beam icon. 3. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the starting point (1). the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. Double-click the end point. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. 5. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Click the Create contour plate icon. To create a contour plate: 1.4.

5. 219) Chamfers (p.. Select the plate. 6.. 2. 3. 2. 7. 69) Contour plate properties (p. from the list box. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 4. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 68) Contour plate properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. Click Modify. 3. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. Pick the position of the beam. See also Creating a contour plate (p. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1.See also Creating a round contour plate (p.

the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 221) 3.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. 2. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. By default. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. See also Twin profile properties (p. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. Pick the end point. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. See also Creating an assembly (p. Pick the starting point. 4. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. To create a twin steel profile: 1. or by joining assemblies together. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. You can change the main part in an assembly. 3.

71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 3. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 2. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. Assemblies (p. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Creating an assembly (p. Assemblies (p. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. 76) Assembly examples (p. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p.Exploding an assembly (p. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 3. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 .

As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 2. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 5. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. 4. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. 4. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. You can create workshop welds and site welds. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. Pick the bolt group origin. In the Connect part/assembly list box. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. When you connect assemblies. select As sub-assembly. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Assemblies (p. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. 6. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. select As sub-assembly. Using welds to create assemblies (p. 3. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Click Apply or OK. 3. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. 2. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. 6.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 7. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. Click Apply or OK. 5. In the Connect part/assembly list box.

75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. See also Assemblies (p. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. To work with nested assemblies. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. through the basic and sub-assemblies. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. from single parts and bolts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . up to the highest level of the nested assembly. 74) Joining assemblies (p. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies.

74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. 3.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. Select the assembly to add to. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the assembly to add to. for all assembly levels. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Adding objects to assemblies (p. etc. and still produce dimensions. 3. marks. fabrication information. 4. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. 2. 4. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. Select the part you want to add.

The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. 4. Select the new main part. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. See also Select the new main assembly. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. c Select the assembly. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. You can change the main assembly at any time. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. 2. See also Changing the main assembly (p. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. 3. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Assemblies (p. 3. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . Select the assemblies you want to join. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 2. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. 2. 2. Tekla Structures changes the main part. 2. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly.

You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. and then attached to the column in another workshop. To explode an assembly: 1. always starting from the highest level. See also Assemblies (p. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. • To only explode the sub-assembly. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column.main part Concrete .secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. 2. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly.main part Steel part .secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column.

78) Creating a strip footing (p. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. See also Creating a pad footing (p. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies.Drawing 2. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. Assemblies (p. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. Workshop 2 Drawing 1.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly.

2. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Double-click the end point. 2. 4. See also Strip footing properties (p. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. 5. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. 2. 3. Optional: To create curved segments. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. Click the Create strip footing icon. 3. Click the Create pad footing icon. See also Pad footing properties (p. chamfer the corners of the footing. 3. Click the Create concrete column icon.Creating a concrete slab (p. Pick the position of the column. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. Pick the pad footing position.

3. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. Optional: To create curved segments. Click the Create concrete beam icon. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. Pick the starting point. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . 2. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 4. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Concrete beam properties (p. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties.See also Concrete column properties (p. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Pick the end point. 3. 4. Double-click the end point.

To create a concrete slab: 1. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 7. Pick the starting point again. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. Click Modify. 2. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. Select the slab. 5.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 2. See also Creating a round slab (p. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. from the list box. 3. Pick the corner points of the slab. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. 3. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. Pick the starting point. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 4. 4. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 6. Click the Create concrete slab icon. 5.

2. 4. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. Click the Create concrete panel icon. Cast units can include reinforcement. 104) 3. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. You can change the main part in a cast unit. See also Creating a cast unit (p. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . 225) Chamfers (p. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. as well as concrete parts. 3. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. each part is considered a separate cast unit. 5. By default. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. Double-click the end point. chamfer the corners of the panel. Optional: To create curved segments.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. For example.

83) Casting direction (p. This applies to anything that is not concrete. 2. 3. 3. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. Cast units (p. See also Cast units (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. 3. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. 2. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. such as steel parts and insulation. 4. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. 4. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. Adding objects to cast units (p. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. Select the objects you want to add. 2. Select the new main part. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 3. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select an object in the cast unit.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. Adding objects to cast units (p. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit.

Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. Cast units (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. Select the objects you want to remove.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. In the Cast unit type list box. 4. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. Click Modify to save the changes. Cast units (p.main part Concrete .main part Steel part . See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. Cast units (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. Go to the Cast unit tab. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. select Precast or Cast in place. 3. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . 2. 2.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . 2. 2. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1.

See also Casting direction (p. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. 3. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. To hide the top-in-form face again. 2. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. See also Select a concrete part. Casting direction (p. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. See also Cast units (p. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. 2. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. Select a concrete part. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face.

104) Combining parts (p. 89) Welds (p. 117) 4. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes.1 Bolts To create bolts. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. 116) Splitting parts (p. 91) Surface treatment (p. 85) Holes (p. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 .4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures.

3. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. Pick a point. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. 85) Bolt properties (p. 227) Bolt group shape (p. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. which is the bolt group origin. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. Select the main part. 3. 2. 7. 6. Explode the component. 4. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. Modify the bolt group. Bolts (p. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Select the secondary parts. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. 2. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 86) Bolt group position (p. 87) Bolt offsets (p. and nuts) while creating holes. washers. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. See also Apply a component. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. 5.

y coordinate of each bolt. in the y direction of the bolt group. in the x direction of the bolt group. Number of bolts. x coordinate of each bolt. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . Diameter of the bolt group.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. from the bolt group point of origin. from the bolt group point of origin. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p.

An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. Bolts (p. Under Bolt group. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. 5. See also Creating a bolt group (p. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. 85) Bolt properties (p. 3. 227) Creating a bolt group (p.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. 4. 2. Follow the instructions on the status bar. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. type 0. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. select Array from the Shape list box. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. The starting point values Dx. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. Click Apply to save the changes. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. relative to the bolt group x axis.

3. See also Bolts (p. Holes (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 85) 4. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . 2. 2. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. When prompted.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. If you do not want to create any bolts. Click Apply to save the changes. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. To create round holes: 1. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. 4. 5. reselect the main and secondary parts. Before creating holes. Optional: Modify the hole properties. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. If you want to create only holes without any bolts.1.

Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 4. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. In the Hole type list box. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . To indicate which parts should be slotted. 5. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. 8. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. If you do not want to create any bolts. select Slotted. 3. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. Holes (p.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 2. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. For example. See also Click Apply to save the changes. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down.

• • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 86) 4. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. In the Hole type list box. Optional: Modify the weld properties. Follow the instructions on the status bar. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. or use a component that automatically creates welds. 3. If you are creating a workshop weld. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. Select the part to weld to. In the Oversize field. 2. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. this is the secondary part of the assembly. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box.1. Select the part to be welded. this is the main part of the assembly. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. Holes (p. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 6.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . 7. 94) Weld preparation (p. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. 4. 3. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 4. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. Click Apply to save the changes. 5. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. If you do not want to create any bolts. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. without connecting any other parts. If you are creating a workshop weld. 2. select Oversized.

92) Weld size prefixes (p. or z). See also Creating a weld between parts (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. 229) Weld position (p. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. y. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. 91) Weld properties (p. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p.

this is the main part of the assembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . 3. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. pick the points you want the weld to go through.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. 2. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. Select the part to weld to. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. If you are creating a workshop weld. this is the secondary part of the assembly. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 5. Select the part to be welded. Pick the starting and end point. 4. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. If you are creating a workshop weld. or alternatively.

Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Select the part that you want to cut. or alternatively. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. See also Welds (p. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 4. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. without connecting any other parts: 1. See also Welds (p. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1.See also Welds (p. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . use the SPD profile. pick the points you want the weld to go through. 2. 3. Select the part that you want to weld. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. To prevent automatic weld preparation. or apply a component that does it automatically. Pick the starting and end point. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. 2. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start.

When you redefine the properties of a part (e. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. When you create overlapping surface treatments.3. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. 94) 4. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. surface mixes. you change the size of a part).g. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. Select the cutting part. for example. and tiles. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views.

Click the Select. 6. 8.. See also Surface treatment (p. select the location of the surface treatment. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. 5. The options are Middle. See also Surface treatment (p. 7. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 9. In the Surface treatment name list box. 2. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views.. to select a material from the catalog.. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p.. In the Type list box. select the specific surface treatment. 4. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. 3. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. and Behind.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Front. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. select Tile surface from the Type list box. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. In the At depth list box. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. select the type of surface treatment to use. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. b On the Pattern tab.

b Select the part face. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 4. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. 2. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 4. 4. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 3. Pick the direction. 2. 2. 3. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. The faces that you can select appear in blue. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . 2. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. 3. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. b Select the part face.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1.

you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on.5. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. left. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. or right). Adding surface treatment to parts (p. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. bottom.

dat file using any text editor. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. To create new surface treatment options: 1.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. Open the product_finishes. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 .The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. The file is located in the . Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users..

2. 4. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. For example. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. See also Add rows to define new options. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. a Define the surface treatment type.xml file using any text editor. Magnesium Float. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ".. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. Surface treatment (p. See also Surface treatment (p. For example. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. 100) Example pattern definition (p. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. MF for Magnesium Float. Open the TilePatternCatalog.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. The file is located in the . For example. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 1 for concrete finish. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. Save the file.

and then modify it to suit your needs. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. Save the TilePatternCatalog. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. 4. Tiled surface treatment (p. 100) Example pattern definition (p. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. 3. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. Other elements are optional.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element.xml file.xml file. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin.

Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .xml file. starting from the origin of the surface treatment. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.

herringbone.. Located in the . 103) Tile pattern elements (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. Located in the . The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Filenames identify the pattern types.xml file.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. TilePatternCatalog.xml file. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 .The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. For example.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder..

Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. Optional. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. Optional. Optional. Required. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. and concrete panels). 108) Cuts (p. Required. See also Chamfers (p. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. defined from the origin of the pattern. In Tekla Structures. Required. 113) Cambering parts (p. 115) Combining parts (p. practical. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). At least one required. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. Optional. Required. Tile pattern element.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. and manufacturing reasons. concrete slabs. 100) 4. Color of the tile or mortar. 104) Fittings (p. steel and concrete polybeams. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . you can chamfer part corners and part edges. The origin of an individual tile. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. 116) Splitting parts (p. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern.

4. 3. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 2. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. Click Modify. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. which does not change the geometry of the part. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 5. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. See also Select the part. Modify the chamfer properties. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. Double-click the handle of any part corner. Chamfers (p. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. You can modify the default chamfers. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 .

Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. 105) Polybeam chamfers By default. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. You can modify the default chamfers.

Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. b Modify the chamfer properties. 5. Select the part you want to chamfer. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . See also Chamfering part corners (p. Optional: Modify the chamfer. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. 3. 4. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. 2. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box.

Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. 232) Chamfers (p. which makes it easier to create connections. details. 3. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 104) Creating a fitting (p. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. perpendicular to the view plane. and so on. 4. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. 2. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. c Click OK. Pick the second point of the cutting line. which passes through the cutting line you pick.6. See also Edge chamfer properties (p.

108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. In situations like this. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. For more information on how to change this. See also Fittings (p. use the Cut Part commands instead. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. See also Cutting parts with a line (p.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. see Fittings affect NC data. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. You must create cuts in a plane view. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end.

111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. This can be useful. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. You can cut parts that already have cuts. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. for example. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges.

Select the part you want to cut. To close the polygon. Select the part you want to cut. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. 109) Line cuts (p. 5. Cuts (p. 2. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. 4. 2. Pick the side you want to remove. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 3. See also Cuts (p. 3. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. For example. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. 109) Polygon cuts (p. 4. To cut a part with a line: 1. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 5. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column.

3. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. To cut a part with another part: 1. concrete panels. and strip footings. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. 4. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 6. 3). concrete slabs. Pick another existing corner (4). 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. Alternatively. Pick an existing corner (1). Select the part you want to modify.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. contour plates. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. 2. 4. 109) Part cuts (p. Select the cutting part. Delete the cutting part. 5. 2. The part cut does not affect other parts. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. 3. See also Cuts (p. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Pick the corner to remove (5).

• 3. See also Warping concrete parts (p. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. In the Start field. Fine-tuning part shape (p. To move the lower corner of the chamfer.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. Go to the Deforming tab. In the End field. Click Modify to warp the beam. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. use the dz2 field. 4. use the dz1 field. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. Click Modify to warp the slab. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. relative to the part reference line. 2. Click OK to close the dialog box. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. 3. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. 2. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. Move the chamfers. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. For example. relative to the part reference line. 6. 5. Modify the chamfer properties.

Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. 2. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. Select the chamfer you want to move. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Linear dialog box. and go to the Deforming tab. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. Click Move. which warps the slabs. type a value in the appropriate direction field. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. Click OK to close the dialog box. 8. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. 6. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. See also Warping concrete parts (p. For example. For example. To see the warping angle of a single slab. 4. 5. In the Move . 7. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish.4.

Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. In the Cambering field. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. 3. Go to the Deforming tab. and embeds in the model. in other words. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. Cambering affects the position of cuts. 104) Cambering a part (p. 2. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. including the template output. 4. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. Click Modify. skews. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. Cambering parts (p. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. When drawings are created.See also Warping concrete parts (p. define the degree of camber.

Go to the Deforming tab. Go to the Deforming tab. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. 4. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. 2. 2. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. 4. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. In the Shortening field. When you select the parts you want to combine. Click Modify. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. For example. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. See also Combining two parts into one (p. 3. Click Modify. 3. In the Shortening field.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 115) 4. define the degree of shortening. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. enter a negative value.

You can use splitting with straight parts. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. You cannot split polybeams. 3. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. 2. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. Click Edit > Combine. See also Combining parts (p. 3. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other.1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. Select the first part. Select the part you want to attach. Select the second part. 2. Select the part to attach to. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. 116) 4. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. Combining parts (p. curved beams without offsets. When you combine parts.

See also Splitting parts (p. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 4. 3. check the result after splitting. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. See also Click Edit > Split. 3.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. Splitting parts (p. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. If you split contour plates that have bolts. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. Select the part you want to split. 2. Pick a point for the dividing line. Select the part you want to split. welds or surface treatments. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. 2. and on the same side of the part. Click Edit > Split.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . Scroll forward to zoom in. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. you can move and rotate the model. 119) Rotating the model (p. or a combination of both. 122) Flying through the model (p. You can use a mouse. 142) 5. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. 128) Visualizing project status (p. 135) Checking the model (p.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. 121) Moving the model (p. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. See also Zooming the model (p. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. 119) Inquiring the model (p. and backward to zoom out.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. keyboard shortcuts. or pull out for a wider view.

see the corresponding menu tooltip. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. b In the View type list box. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. Open a wire frame view of the model. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. 2. See also Viewing the model (p. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. 2. press Page Down.If you do not have a wheel mouse. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. Zooming the model (p. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . press Page Up. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. c Click Modify. Create a zoom window. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. For more information on each command. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. • See also To zoom out. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. If this option is off. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. Place the mouse pointer over the model. select Wire frame. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p.

zoom in and out in the zoom window. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. keyboard shortcuts. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. 4. and then drag the pointer to size the window. Click the Magnifier icon. See also Zooming the model (p. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. To rotate the model. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. As you move the pointer in the general view. menu commands. To change the level of magnification. In wire frame views. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 .e 3.

use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Pick a position in the view. 3. Press Ctrl + R. press v. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. 213) Viewing the model (p. See also Rotation settings (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. and then pick a position in the view. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. 2. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Click Modify. For more information on each command. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. To relocate the center of rotation. 3.

Set view projection to Perspective. To stop panning. To activate the middle button pan. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. Select a view. Use the up. 3.. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . To change the camera angle. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. • To change the flying direction. 5. Click View > Fly. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. drag the mouse in the desired direction.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. 2. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. or Shift+M. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. 2. • • To move up or down. left and right arrows on the keyboard. 3. 4. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. scroll with the mouse wheel. You can also adjust the field of view setting. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW.. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. Move the model using the Pan command 1. down. c Click Modify. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. To fly through a model: 1. c Click OK. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. you can travel through a model. b In the Projection list box. > Model View. 2. press Esc. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. select Perspective. changing direction and varying the speed as you go.

or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures.. To create a clip plane: 1. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. You can use screenshots in posters. Select a plane. Viewing the model (p. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. press Esc. press Esc.. 2. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. or the entire Tekla Structures window. See also To delete a clip plane.• 6. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. 4. 5. view. To finish creating clip planes. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. To stop flying. To move a clip plane. brochures. Click View > Create Clip Plane. 2. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. 6. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete.

. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. 3. as a custom component thumbnail. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. click Pick view and select a view.bmp format. 5. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. select View without Borders. select Dialog. 6. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. To print a screenshot: 1. Click Options. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. Click Capture. See also Creating a screenshot (p.. Creating a screenshot (p.. 4.. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. Click Capture. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . select View.. 4. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. 125) Screenshot settings (p. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. 2. To capture the active view without borders.3. Set the desired properties and click OK. select Rendered view. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. To capture the active view. 2. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. 7.png) files. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Under Capture. for example.bmp) format to use it. select Main Frame. Select Place on clipboard. Creating a screenshot (p. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (..

The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. See also Inquiring object properties (p. Select an object. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. or a group of objects. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. Select a part. See also Inquiring object properties (p.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. 2. 2. see the Template Editor user documentation.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. See also Inquiring the model (p. within the model. and length of the selected model object. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.. To inquire object properties: 1.5. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. 126) Object property report templates (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. For more information on how to use templates. See also Inquiring the model (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit.. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. By default.. weight. the tool shows the total area. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object.

. • To add more attributes to the tool window.. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. 3. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. • See also To change the formula of an attribute. Click Manage contents. • To change the order of the attributes.. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. For example. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. • 4. use the Up and Down buttons. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. Change the position number of the new attribute. or MIN) from the list box. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. By default.. • To modify the calculated attributes.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. -.. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button.config file in the .. Use the InquiryTool.. MAX. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. AVERAGE. and /) to form equations. Open the InquiryTool. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window. 2. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. To modify the default attributes. click Add….config file: 1. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. • To create new calculated attributes. • To remove attributes from the tool window. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. The file is located in the .. click Edit. edit the InquiryTool...\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder.config file in any standard text editor. *.. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . 2.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. the file contains 65 attributes.lst file located in the .

2. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 216) Representation options In rendered views. 128) Display settings (p. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. DISPLAY_NAME.lst file. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. 3.. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p.4. 128) Representation options (p. Click Display. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. Modify the NAME. 5. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. to open the Display dialog box. DATATYPE. For example. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. 132) Object representation settings (p. 126) 5. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. Save the file. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . UNIT. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. When you redraw a view. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 132) Object groups (p. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file.. 6. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. Showing and hiding objects (p. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes.

Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. surfaces are not. underlying parts are not visible. component objects are displayed as Rendered. Example In this example.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. i. Parts are transparent. In this example. i.e. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent.e. parts are transparent. and their surfaces are shaded. component objects are displayed as Rendered. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 .

Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. for example. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. 2. The parts are shown as sticks. parts are not transparent.5 and Shift+1. when viewing clash check results in a large model. Other parts are almost completely transparent. • • See also To make the parts visible again. i. This option is useful. Click View > Hide Part. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. This can be useful. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view.. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1.. 3.. Showing and hiding objects (p. for example.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. To hide selected parts: 1. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. Select the parts you want to hide. To completely hide the parts. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p.e. See also Showing and hiding objects (p.. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components.

4. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. bolts. To make the parts visible again. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . See also Select the part. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. fittings. 2. 2. Showing and hiding objects (p. To completely hide the unselected parts.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. To clear the exact lines effect. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. Right-click and select Redraw View. cuts. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. Hide an assembly 1. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. The unselected parts become almost transparent. 2. welds. To show the unselected parts as sticks. click View > Redraw All. Tekla Structures displays all parts. Showing and hiding objects (p. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Click View > Redraw All. Select the assembly you want to hide. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. 3. 3. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. and other details belonging to the assembly. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. To display a part with exact lines: 1.

The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. b Select options from the Category. See also Showing and hiding objects (p.. c In the Value list box. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 2. Click View > Redraw All. Modify the object group settings.Representation dialog box. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. 133) Deleting an object group (p. welds.. Click Object group. a Click Add row. 2. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Select the component you want to hide. type a value or select one from the model. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Property.. 128) Refreshing views (p.See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 133) Visualizing project status (p. 128) Refreshing views (p. and other details belonging to the component. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. 128) Creating an object group (p. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. and Condition list boxes. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. to open the Object Group . Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. d Add more rows. Right-click and select Redraw View. 4. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations.. 3. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1.

See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. For example. 6. copy the file to the system folder. Click Save as to save the object group.PObjGrp.PObjGrp.5. Restart Tekla Structures. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. 2. • To make an object group available in all models. Restart Tekla Structures. Select where you want to copy the object group. Object groups (p. 2. Select the object group you want to copy. Object groups (p. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. 3. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. and they have the file name extension *. • To make an object group available in another model. See also Object groups (p. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. Object groups have the file name extension *.

Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. 6. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. To create object representation settings: 1. 7. 9. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. 3. 8. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. 2.. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. If an object belongs to several object groups. 4. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 5. Click Add row.. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box.

If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. 133) Color settings (p. See also Object representation settings (p. Apply. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. 133) 5. Select where you want to copy the settings. Restart Tekla Structures.rep. and they have the file name extension *. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. or OK. copy them to the system folder. Restart Tekla Structures. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . • To make the settings available in all models. 2. 3. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. 2. Object representation settings (p. For example. 213) Transparency settings (p. See also Creating a visualization (p. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model.rep. To create project status visualizations. • To make the settings available in another model.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. See also Object representation settings (p. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p.

and they have the file name extension *. select one of the predefined object representation settings. click the step buttons. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. Restart Tekla Structures. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. • To make the settings available in another model. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 4. 5. 2.rep) and object group files (*. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. Restart Tekla Structures. c Define the length of the time step. To view the visualization in the model. • To make the settings available in all models. 3. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. 3.4d. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. See also Visualizing project status (p. 2.. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider.4d. Select where you want to copy the settings. Modify the visualization settings. Visualizing project status (p. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. a In the Object representation list box. 4. See also Visualizing project status (p. 2. 6. copy them to the system folder.. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures.

. a In the Category list box. 5. 2. to open the Object Group . Visualizing project status (p. 8.. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. b In the Property list box. e Select Review date and click OK. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. After that. Finally.. To define an erection schedule: 1. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example.. 6. 2.. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. See also Visualizing project status (p. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. to open the Object Representation dialog box. To make it easier to select parts. d In the Value list box. c In the Condition list box. 4.. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. 7. Click User-defined attributes. 3. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . On the Status tab. 3. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. Click View > Representation > Object representation.Representation dialog box. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. To create the object group: 1.. select Earlier than or equal. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. select Select date. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. Click Object group. select INSTALL_PLAN.In the following example.. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. select Object. The Select Date dialog box appears. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. See also Click Modify.

5. 5. For example. To create visualization settings: 1. 3. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. 7. 138)... d In the Transparency list box. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. a Click Add row. To create object representation settings: 1. select Color by class. 3. plan_same_or_before_review_date. 2. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. enter a name for the group. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 4. Define the length of the time step. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. d In the Transparency list box. b In the Object group list box. 4. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. enter a name for the object representation settings. select the object group All. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . In the Object representation list box. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. In the box next to the Save as button. select the object group you just created. you will create project status visualization settings. 6. select Color by class. In the box next to the Save as button. enter a name for the visualization. See also Object representation settings (p.. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 5. scheduled_erection_date. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 132) Visualizing project status (p. In the box next to the Save as button. select Hidden. a Click Add row.. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Click Save as. select Visible.4. c In the Color list box. 137). 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. c In the Color list box. b In the Object group list box. For example. 2. See also Object groups (p. 133) Visualizing project status (p. Click Save as.

you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. 2.See also Visualizing project status (p. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. In the list box next to the Load button. 4.. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . Click Tools > Project Status Visualization.. To view the visualization in the model. 3. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. Click Load. click the step buttons. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. 138). to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. it is useful to check the model for errors. See also Measuring objects (p. 143) Detecting clashes (p. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p.5 Checking the model When the model is complete. 149) Finding distant objects (p. 135) 5. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. 4. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. 4. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. Select a bolt group. 5. the distance between two points and between bolts. Pick the end point. 3. Measuring objects (p. 143) Measuring angles (p. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. To measure bolt spacing: 1. Pick the center point. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. For more information on each command. All measurements are temporary. 2. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. Pick the starting point. 2. See also Measuring distances (p. Pick the starting point. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. Pick the end point. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Measuring objects (p. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. 3. 3.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. 2. Select a part.

you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. bolts. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts.See also Measuring objects (p. or reference model objects that collide. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. See also Finding clashes in a model (p.

You can continue working during the clash check.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. 2. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. you can choose whether to continue checking. Select the objects you want to check. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. To locate the colliding objects. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. If colliding objects are found. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . or stop checking. Click Tools > Clash Check. 3. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. select a row in the clash check log.

Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. 5. Click to check the objects. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. If the object has been modified (for example. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. See also To highlight a clash in the model. 1. 2. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. double-click a row. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. To see which properties have an effect. In the model. 4. When the clash check is complete. Clash Check Manager (p. Only certain object properties affect this flag. right-click one of the column headings. 2. if the profile has changed). To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. When you re-run clash check. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. modified. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. resolved. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. A check mark it is visible. or missing. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. You can continue working during the clash check. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. The clash is not new. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. 3. select a row in the list of clashes.

3. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. 2. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. In Clash Check Manager. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. Click . 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. 2. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. In Clash Check Manager. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. Click OK. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. select a session. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. 3. See also Clash Check Manager (p. select the clashes whose status you want to change. In the Open dialog box. 2. . 3. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p.

2. icon. Click Tools > Options > Options.. 5. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1.To Save the active session Do this Click . 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. Modify the bolt clearance values. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 3.. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1.. See also Clash Check Manager (p. the clearance will be zero. If you clear the check boxes. enter a new name. 2. In the Options dialog box. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. If the fields are empty.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. In the File name box. 5. Save as. 3. Click Apply or OK. Click In the Save As dialog box. go to the Clash check page. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. 4. Click Save. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. By default.00.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number.. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . For example. If you do this. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. 154) Family numbers (p. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p.. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). such as plates. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. P1003. . This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. When you run numbering. To save time. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. Planning your numbering series (p. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. Example For example. P1002. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example.

3. Click Modify. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. and then click Add. Defining numbering series (p.. 2. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. 4. 2. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . define a part prefix and a start number. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. b Select a numbering series from the list. When you use family numbering. they get unique qualifier numbers. Go to the Family numbering tab. Under Compare. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. 4.1. See also Defining numbering series (p. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. for example. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. go to the Cast unit tab. Under Numbering series. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. However. This can be used. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p.

the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. b Modify the settings. 6. but not all of them. 3. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. c Click Apply or OK. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change..4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. Update numbering in the model..Select at least one check box. 7. 155) Clearing numbers (p. clear the existing numbers. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. 4. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 5. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. If a series overlaps another. 161) 6. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p..db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. For more information on each command. If you do not select any check boxes. See also Family numbers (p. If you select all the check boxes. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. only one family number per series is assigned. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. Family numbers (p. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. See also Defining numbering series (p. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields.. Click Apply. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. 2. Click Assign.

if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. In this case you should renumber the parts. 158) Control numbers (p. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. 158) Changing numbers (p. However. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. The prefix varies based on the part type. See also Numbering objects (p. 159) Clearing numbers (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. the x coordinate. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. for example. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. The default start number is 1. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. However. If you add new parts. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p.See also Numbering settings (p. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering.

The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. With negative directions (such as -X). 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. Example In the following example. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. See also Select the parts. their y coordinates are also compared. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. 2. their z coordinates are also compared. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. if First direction is -X.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. Numbering objects (p. Second direction is Y. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. When you assign control numbers. the sort order is X Y Z. and Third direction is Z. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. For example. See also Numbering objects (p.

select the parts. 4. See also Control numbers (p. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. Click Apply. See also Control numbers (p. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. Indicate which parts to consider. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. In the Status list box. or family numbers after you run numbering. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. multi-position. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. • To consider all parts in the model. specify which parts get control numbers. define the interval. do not select any parts. type the first control number to be used. 8. do not select any parts in the model. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. Define the control numbers to be used. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. • 3. To only consider specific parts. and then click Create. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. Click Apply. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. a In the Start number of control numbers field. 2.. In the Renumber list box. etc. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. 11. For example. 5. 158) Control number settings (p. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. to assign the control numbers 2. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. 5. 4. and then click Create.. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. assembly. 7. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. select the parts in the model.See also Numbering objects (p. 2. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. number the model. b In the Step value field. or specific parts. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. 6. 3. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 .. In the Numbering list box. 8. This command does not change the numbering series.

Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. See also Numbering objects (p. Click Assign. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . For more information on each command. 2. This functionality only applies to steel parts. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. Next time you run numbering. See also Numbering objects (p. 3.1. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. Set the desired properties. 4. To create a standard-part model: 1. If the number you specified is already in use. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. see the corresponding menu tooltip. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. This is for information only and the number is still changed. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. Select an object. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. To clear the position numbers: 1. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. For more information on each command. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. 2.

Save the standard-part model. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. See also Numbering objects (p. 10. For information on how to interpret the log file. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . and so on). Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box.. 3. 12. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. STD1. Open another model. Delete all unnecessary items. 13. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6... to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. StandardParts. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. 7. 9. 4. 156) 6. STD2. If you have selected the Part name check box. especially before producing drawings or reports. 156) 6. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History.. > Numbering. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. Number the model. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. See also Numbering objects (p.... 2. see Numbering history log.. 8. 11. 5. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example.. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Explode all components.For example.

see the corresponding menu tooltip. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. Number the model. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. 4. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. 2. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. See also Numbering objects (p. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. To number identical beams: 1.2. 6. Modify one of the beams. 5. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. Number the model. 159) 6. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. 156) Changing numbers (p. 3. 4. All the beams have the part position number P1. 5. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. Number the model. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. Unless you want to repair the entire model. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model .

but each pair has a different length. and each pair has the same length. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. The parts have the same main profile. but the holes are different. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. All beams have the same profile. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example.

To number parts in selected phases: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. 8. and then click Apply. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. and then click Apply. Before you start. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. Select one of the steel columns in the model. 3. 10.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 4. and another one for steel columns. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. 9. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. divide the model into phases. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Create steel columns. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. 7. 5.. Select the Column orientation check box. 6. 2.. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase.

Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. 3. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. Modify the numbering settings. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 4. 7.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. For example. and then click Apply. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 5. Select one of the parts you want to number.. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . 6. Select the parts you want to number..

If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. 164) General numbering settings (p. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model.

for example.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. and erection sequences. 181) 7. 167) Phases (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . 172) Lotting (p. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. 174) Parametric modeling (p. lots. based on purchasing contracts. 171) Sequences (p. and categorize object types. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. You can classify information according to your needs.

169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. See also Creating logical areas (p.

2. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. 4. Organizing the model (p. Click Tools > Model Organizer. You can also create subtypes for object types. Create a path structure. select the area for the section or the story. c Click New Section. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. 3. 3. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. 4. right-click the selected section or story. a Right-click Logical Areas. Click Tools > Model Organizer. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. In Model Organizer. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category .To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. See also In Model Organizer.. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). select the objects you want to add to an object type category. 2. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. and select Add Selected to Category. You may create as many sections and storys as you need.. In the model.. See also Organizing the model (p. Create object type categories. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). b Click New Building.. a Right-click Object Types... d Click New Story. To make it easier to view and select parts. In the model. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. b Click New Object Type. In large projects. 5.

do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. 2. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. To show all objects again. To show all objects again. 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. Select the objects in the model. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. Drag the objects to another category. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 2. See also Organizing the model (p. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 2. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 1.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 2. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . right-click the category and select Redraw View. See also Organizing the model (p. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. 3. Select the new area in the model. Drag the category to another location. 1. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 3. Right-click and select Remove from Category. 1. 2.

See also To change the phase of one or more objects. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. 2..Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. etc. 3. Divide the model into phases... select an object and click Phases by objects. hide objects. 167) 7. From now on. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. For example. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. a To identify the phase of an object. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. 3. and then click Modify phase. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . 5. 3. 2. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box..2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. 4. This is phase 1. select the objects. You then copy this basic model to all users. Click OK to confirm.. select a phase from the list. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. 171) Custom phase properties (p. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. When a part of the model is completed. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. and copy objects from other models.). Click Tools > Phase Manager. Click OK to save your changes. Click Add to create new phases. the columns. You can create reports and views. according to their phase number. 4.. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. Organizing the model (p. Right-click and select Delete. for example. c Phases (p. First create a basic model that includes.

Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. Creating a sequence (p. integer. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. MY_INFO_1. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. If you click Yes. 6. d Restart Tekla Structures. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. For example. c Save the file. Type a name for the sequence. add a new user-defined attribute. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. To use phase properties in reports and templates. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part.0". use the syntax PHASE. To create a new sequence: 1. Use exactly the same name as in the objects.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. the second part number 2. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. "0. 3.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. 4. The first part gets the sequence number 1. none. 5.inp file.inp file. You can define several sequences for different purposes. See also Phases (p. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time.0") 2. "0.inp file in any standard text editor. a Open the objects. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. For example. "My Info 1". and the field_format must be %d. Click Apply. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. To finish adding parts to the sequence. b In the Part attributes section. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . The value_type must be integer. no.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1".inp file. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. "%d". and so on. 171) 7.

5. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. you must redefine the whole sequence. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. 3. 2. 2. Click User-defined attributes. MY_INFO_1.. Modify the sequence number. For example. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. To finish adding parts to the sequence. For example: See also Sequences (p. Select a sequence name from the list. The sequence name and number are displayed under More.. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part... 4. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. Click OK or Apply. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. See also Sequences (p. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box.See also Sequences (p. Click Tools > Sequencer. Click Modify.. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. See also Sequences (p. To check the sequence of a part: 1. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. 3. If the sequence changes. 4. Select a part. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1.

3. In that case. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. the weight is based on the size. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. See also Lotting (p. For example. Click Add. For example. 175) Deleting a lot (p. Sequences (p. and material of the part. However. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. Click Delete and then click Yes. With this information. See also Select a sequence name from the list. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Click Properties. 175) Sequences (p. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p.. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. For most model parts. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. 4. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties.. 3. When you define lots.. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. Type a lot number in the Number field. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool.. To view the properties of a part. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. 172) 7. length. See also Creating a lot (p. 2. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. 5. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. 6. in a ten-cubic-yard truck).2.

Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. To add parts to a lot: 1.. 5. 4. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. 4. Click Delete. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. 2. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. Click OK to close the dialog box. When you hold down Shift. Select an existing lot from the list. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 5. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Select an existing lot from the list. 4. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . Lotting (p. Click Apply selected. 2. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. Click Properties. Lotting (p.. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. If you simply select parts. 2. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. When you re-open the dialog box. See also Lotting (p. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. Click Apply selected. Select an existing lot from the list. 3. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. 3. Click OK to close the dialog box. 3. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target.

you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. including its geometry. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . location and relationship to other parts. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. or relationships. They can also include formulas. so that when you move the wall. For example. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. the column follows. Variables can define fixed properties. between model objects. such as the name of a column.7. Create dependencies. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. such as a beam or column.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

and the Variables dialog box. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. and how to use them in a model. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. the Sketch Browser. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. 53) 7. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. 176) Parametric profiles (p. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Open a Tekla Structures model.. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p.See also Parametric modeling (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 2. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1.. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p.

183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. and vice versa. 182) Variables (p. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. dimensions.See also Sketch Browser (p. circles. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . arcs. constraints. tree-like structure. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 ..The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. or 2) and thickness of the sketch. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 1=Line . or they can include formulas.. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. Variables can define fixed properties. 1. arcs. Lines. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p.

See also Sketching a polyline (p. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. 4. Open the cross section sketch editor. Ensure that you create a closed shape. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. 185) Sketching a circle (p. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. such as a cold rolled section.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. arcs. To sketch a polyline: 1. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. Pick points to create each line segment. and circles. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. 2. 184) Sketching an arc (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet.

4. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. Open the cross section sketch editor. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). 2. To sketch a circle: 1. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . Pick three points to define the arc. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Open the cross section sketch editor.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. To sketch an arc: 1. 2. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3.

Before you start. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. you can still rotate the profile in the model. To straighten the entire profile. Select another line in the sketch (2). 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. close the shape. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. force lines to meet. 3. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. Although the shape is locked. create 90 degree angles. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. For example. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. you can straighten lines. To add a parallel constraint: 1. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Select a line in the sketch (1). and add chamfers in corners. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section.

3. by extending or shortening one or both lines. The lines do not have to intersect. Before you start. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. Before you start. Select a line in the sketch (1). The lines do not have to intersect. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Select another line in the sketch (2). See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet.

Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. See also Select a line in the sketch. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. To add a fixed constraint: 1. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. 2. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Pick the end of the first line (1).1. 4. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. Before you start. 3. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. Pick the end of the second line. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. Before you start. 2).

Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. To add a vertical constraint: 1. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . Select the constraint you want to delete. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. Click Refresh. 3. 2. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. 4. 2). Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Before you start. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis.

Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To add a radial dimension: 1. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. if you create the dimension marked in red. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. Select the arc or circle. In the following example. Before you start. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section.

Before you start. Select the second line (2). The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. between two points you pick. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. To add an angle dimension: 1. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Select the first line (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). 3. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. 3. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Before you start.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. Select the connection positioning planes. 2. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Change the Value field.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Click Modify. 4. 2. 3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 3. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 3. 2. Select the part positioning planes. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Click to show the part positioning planes. Click to show the connection positioning planes. To revert to the default positioning planes. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 .

Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box.4. To save a sketched cross section. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. Type a name in the Prefix field. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. 5. for example. 2. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and then click OK.db1 file. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. Type a new name in the Prefix field. and then click OK. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. 2. Update an existing cross section 1. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. Click Save sketch . 2. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. or blank spaces in the cross section name. You cannot include numbers. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. Click Save sketch . special characters. Click Save sketch as . The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles.bin file.

199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. 5. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 2. Click OK to close the dialog box. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. such as a cold rolled section. Close the object properties dialog box. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. you can create rounded cross section corners. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 6. For example. To modify a chamfer: 1. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. 5. 7. See also next to their name. Click Modify. Modify the object properties. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. 4. To modify a sketched cross section: 1.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 2.. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 3. 4. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p.. Double-click an object to modify its properties.

See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 3. Type the value of the thickness after =. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 2. outwards. depending on the extrusion type.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. P1) after =. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. define the default value for the parameter variable. In the Sketch Browser. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. In the cross section sketch editor. When you change the thickness. P1). b Type the extrusion type number (0. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . In the Formula column. 4. 1. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. the profile grows inwards. or symmetrically in both directions. sketch an open polyline. or 2) after =.

Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. click the button next to the Shape field. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. 7.. 2. If you have applied constraints correctly.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. 4.. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. button next to the Profile field. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. Open the Select Profile dialog box. Click OK to apply the changes. 5. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. click the Select. Pick points to place the part in the model. • 3. 6. See also For concrete parts. you are ready to use it in the model. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. • For steel parts. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab.

125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. Use the cross section name as the filename. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p.uel). 3. Save the image in bmp format in the . 201) Creating a screenshot (p. 5. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. mysketch. Open the cross section sketch editor. you have to export the cross section to a file (*.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .. for example. for example Microsoft Paint. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. 2. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . 4. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders.bmp.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder..

To automatically import all *. 2. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. 3. Right-click and select Export. you need to import both the cross section and profile. browse for the folder. In the Export Components dialog box. 4. right-click and select Import. 3. Select Sketched profiles from the list.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. 6. 7. To export several cross sections. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.bin file. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. Click OK. 4. To use profiles from a model. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. 5. Select the cross sections you want to export. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. In the component list. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. Click OK. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. 6. or copy the profdb. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. select Sketched profiles from the list box.. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. 2. 8. 5. 7. from the pop-up menu. from the pop-up menu. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. In the Import Components dialog box..uel). To import sketched cross sections: 1. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. Select the file to import. By default. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p...

At this stage. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. you will use the cross section in a model. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. Finally. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. After that. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. When you use the profile in the model. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. Open the cross section sketch editor. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. 2.

command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 4. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 181) Sketching a polyline (p.3. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands.

2. Save the cross section. In the Variables dialog box. h1. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. 5. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. command to create the distances h1. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 198) Variables (p. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. and 3. and h2. h2. enter the following values for the distances: 4.

See also Save the cross section. d In the Label in dialog box box. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. select Show. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. enter Chamfer. 2. enter 10. a Right-click Thickness. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. b In the Formula box. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. enter 20. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. and then enter =P1. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 3. b Right-click ExtrusionType. In the Variables dialog box. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 .00. In the Sketch Browser. select Show. 2. 183) Sketch Browser (p. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Variables (p. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. c In the Visiblity box.00. c In the Visiblity box. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. enter Thickness. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. In the Variables dialog box. b In the Formula box. do the following: .1. 3. d In the Label in dialog box box.

do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. Pick points to place the part in the model. 5. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. See also Save the cross section. 4. In the Sketch Browser. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers.. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. 183) Sketch Browser (p. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. Click OK to apply the changes. b Right-click Chamfer X. 2. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. 5.4. 6. 199) Variables (p.. and then enter =P2. • For steel parts. click the Select. • 3. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Open the Select Profile dialog box. and select the CSHAPE profile. button next to the Profile field. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. click the button next to the Shape field. For concrete parts. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y.

198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 .

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

213) Color settings (p. 217) Detail properties (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 213) Transparency settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 227) Numbering settings (p. 212) Point properties (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 211) View settings (p. See also Grid properties (p. 233) 8. 215) Part properties (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 211) Grid line properties (p. 212) Rotation settings (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p.

y. Grids (p. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. y. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. and z directions (x and y are relative.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . Select to bind objects to grid lines. Grid lines (p.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. Option Phase The phase number. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Select to bind objects to the grid line. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line.. z is absolute)... See also X . 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and z directions. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above.. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings.

The rotation angle between the original and new position. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . Indicates the correct location of the point. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction.Option Id The ID number. Coordinates See also Points (p. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. The local (work plane) and global x. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. All parts are colored according to their Class property. and z coordinates of a point. Defines the number of copies created. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis.Rotate and Move . See also Object representation settings (p. Option As is The current color is used. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. y. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. You can filter objects by their ID numbers. which is used in log files. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute.

Sets the line width. The height of the screenshot. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Object is not shown in the views.. Saves the screenshot to a file. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. Object is transparent in rendered views. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .. Option As is The current visibility. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. There are limitations to pixel density. The Options. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. the settings will be read from that object group. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. Object representation settings (p. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined.

215) Display settings (p. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. See also View properties (p. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 .. The projection type of rendered views. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective).. rotate the model. Which object group is displayed in the view. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings.. You can zoom. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. When you zoom. the zoom remains on part surfaces. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties.. 215) Grid view properties (p. Visible object group Object group. See also Views (p. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. The appearance of the model in the view. In addition. Display. Rotation is view-specific. 124) 8. as do text and points..View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. or fly through it. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how.. text and point size remains the same.See also Creating a screenshot (p. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. Opens the Object Group . Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones. The thickness of the displayed slice of model.

This name overrides the name in the view properties. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. when viewing the entire model. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties.. PLAN +3000. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. The Show. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. button displays the current view properties. Some of these settings may affect system performance. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. If the View name prefix field is left empty. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. None does not create any views. but skips cuts.. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. no prefix is used. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . e. Exact displays the cuts. and nuts as solids. Each view plane has its own view properties. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view.g. Reference line shows parts as sticks. Exact shows bolts. This option increases display speed significantly. See also Creating grid views (p. washers. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. or large parts of it. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical.

Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. In view does not increase the point size. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. Exact shows holes as solids. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. See also Steel column properties (p. This option is only available in wire frame views. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 223) Concrete column properties (p.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. 128) 8. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. Point size Defines the size of points in views. 220) Twin profile properties (p. When using this option. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. 222) Strip footing properties (p. 218) Contour plate properties (p. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. 218) Steel beam properties (p. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt).3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. 221) Pad footing properties (p. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 .

Finish is user-definable. Warping. The type of finish. Class Used to group columns. etc. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. The file name extension of a column properties file is *.prt. The assembly mark series of the column. The analysis properties of the column. or curved beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. For example. fire retardant coating. The user-definable name of the column. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. e. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. The material of the column. with anti-corrosive paint.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. and to identify parts of the same type. steel polybeam. The position of the column. The design information of the column. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. The horizontal position of the column. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .g. and shortening of the column. The support conditions of the column ends. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. cambering. Creating a steel column (p. relative to its reference point.clm. relative to its reference point. How the column is rotated around its axis. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. hot galvanized.

fire retardant coating. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. Class Used to group beams. hot galvanized. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The position of a beam.g. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. cambering. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The position of a beam on the work plane. etc. The analysis properties of the beam. The loading properties of the beam. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. Warping. The user-definable name of a beam. and shortening of the beam. The finish type. The support conditions of the beam ends. Creating a steel beam (p. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. and to identify parts of the same type. Finish is user-definable. For example. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. with anti-corrosive paint. The assembly mark series of the beam. The material of a beam. The design information of the beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. e.cpl.

The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. for example PL20. Profile The profile of the contour plate. The format is PL+ thickness.crs. The material of the contour plate. The finish type. fire retardant coating. with anti-corrosive paint. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. e. and to identify parts of the same type. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The assembly mark series of the contour plate.g. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. For example. The user-definable name of the beam. Profile Material The profile of the beam. The assembly mark series of the beam. The loading properties of the plate. The position of the contour plate. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The user-definable name of the contour plate. hot galvanized. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. The spanning properties of the plate. Finish is user-definable. etc. perpendicular to the work plane. Creating a contour plate (p. The analysis properties of the contour plate.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. The design information of the contour plate. in terms of depth. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The material of the beam. and to identify parts of the same type. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.

It describes how the part surface has been treated. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. For example. with anti-corrosive paint. The analysis properties of the beam. Finish is user-definable. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. fire retardant coating. e. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. and to identify parts of the same type. Finish is user-definable. The horizontal position of the beam. The material of the beams. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. etc. hot galvanized.dia. It describes how the part surface has been treated.g.g. hot galvanized.Option Finish The finish type. Class Used to group beams. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. etc. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. relative to its reference point. relative to its reference point. The user-definable name of the twin profile. e. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The type of finish. with anti-corrosive paint. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. The position of the beam. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. The design information of the beam. fire retardant coating. The support conditions of the beam ends.

Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis.cpf. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. The vertical clearance between the profiles. The analysis properties of the twin profile.g. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The material of the pad footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. perpendicular to the work plane. and to identify parts of the same type. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. fire retardant coating. with anti-corrosive paint. Class Used to group pad footings. The beam position. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. For example. The offsets of the ends of the beam. etc.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. Finish is user-definable. The design information of the twin profile. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. relative to the beam’s reference line. Defines how the profiles are combined. Creating a twin profile (p. The type of finish. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. in terms of depth. relative to its reference point. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . hot galvanized. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The vertical position of the pad footing. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. e. For example.

Finish is user-definable.g. and to identify parts of the same type. The analysis properties of the strip footing. Class Used to group strip footings. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. e. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. etc. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line.csf. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. For example.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. Creating a pad footing (p. with anti-corrosive paint. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. The material of the strip footing. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. The type of finish. relative to its reference point. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. hot galvanized. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. fire retardant coating. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing.

Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and to identify parts of the same type. Class Used to group columns. Creating a strip footing (p. The support conditions of the column ends. For example. e. The type of finish. The analysis properties of the column. How much the column is rotated around its axis.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Finish is user-definable. The design information of the footing. Define the cast unit series of the column. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. The material of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. cambering and shortening of the column. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. hot galvanized.g. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. with anti-corrosive paint. The design information of the column.ccl. etc. fire retardant coating. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. Creating a concrete column (p. Warping.

cbm.g. etc.csl. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. The loading properties of the beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. The material of the beam. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. and to identify parts of the same type. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. The offsets of the ends of the beam. Finish is user-definable. Creating a concrete beam (p. For example. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The type of finish. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. with anti-corrosive paint. Warping. Class Used to group beams.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Define the cast unit series of the beam. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. relative to its reference line. cambering and shortening of the beam. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. The design information of the beam. fire retardant coating. The analysis properties of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. hot galvanized. e. The beam position on the work plane.

g. The material of the slab. Finish is user-definable. The position of the slab. and to identify parts of the same type. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. For example. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. Finish is user-definable. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. It describes how the part surface has been treated. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. The design information of the slab. with anti-corrosive paint. The type of finish. hot galvanized. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). The loading properties of the slab. etc. Class Used to group slabs. The spanning properties of the slab. fire retardant coating. hot galvanized.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. The analysis properties of the slab. and to identify parts of the same type. Define the cast unit series of the slab. e. For example. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. perpendicular to the work plane. etc. It describes how the part surface has been treated. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The type of finish.cpn. Creating a concrete slab (p. with anti-corrosive paint. Class Used to group panels. fire retardant coating. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. in terms of depth.g. The material of the panel. e.

232) Edge chamfer properties (p. 229) Weld types (p.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. The position of the panel. 227) Weld properties (p. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. The analysis properties of the panel. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. The offsets of the ends of the panel. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . 81) 8. The spanning properties of the panel. Define the cast unit series of the panel. The design information of the panel. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. The loading properties of the panel. relative to its reference line. Creating a concrete panel (p. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. See also Bolt properties (p. Bolt assembly standard/grade. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane.

the gap is added to the length of the bolt. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. x allowance of a slotted hole. If the bolt connects several parts. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .g. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. -150).e. For example. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. Tolerance = Hole diameter . number. depending on the bolt group shape. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. Zero for a round hole. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. Zero for a round hole. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. y allowance of a slotted hole. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. Bolt spacing. enter a negative value for cut length (e. in both directions from the bolt group plane. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. or co-ordinate. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. depending on the bolt group shape. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. In the illustration below. Bolt spacing.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. group diameter. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. or coordinate.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Extra length Additional bolt length.

The angle of weld preparation. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. Type Angle See Weld types (p.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. Dy. For example. Bolts (p. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. Tekla Structures creates the weld. but does not display it drawings. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . The size of the weld. relative to the current work plane. 93). At depth Dx. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. bevels. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. 231). Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. not in drawings. or groove.

A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. for example 50–100. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. for example. For example. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. To change the separator to @. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. 92). To create a non-continuous weld. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. See Weld position (p.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. for example. The space between the welded parts. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. 72). See Using welds to create assemblies (p. information about the weld specification or process. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. defining the start and end points of the weld.

Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Defines the electrode strength. Welds (p. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Defines the process type.

Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. The dimensions of the chamfer. See also Chamfering part corners (p. for example. The name of the chamfer. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. Use these fields. to give plates varying thicknesses. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs.

234) Control number settings (p. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). The shape and position of the first end point.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. and the shape is angled. All information on previous numbers is lost. 107) 8. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. See also Chamfering part edges (p.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. The shape and position of the second end point. See also General numbering settings (p. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . and the shape is straight. and the shape is straight.

If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. 157). Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. and save sequence. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. numbering. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. The orientation of columns affects numbering.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. See Assembly position numbers (p. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. size. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. The part name affects numbering. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and number of holes affects numbering. Numbering objects (p. The orientation of beams affects numbering. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports.

Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. No keeps the existing control numbers. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Control numbers (p. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. Defines the interval between two control numbers. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. See also Numbering objects (p. Needed only with the By numbering series option. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. If some welds have been removed.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

239) Right-hand rule (p. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 241) 9. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. 2. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 .1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. 237) Part positioning tips (p.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. See also Defining default part properties (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p.

open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. 2. selection filters. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. then copying them throughout the model. 5. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . try modeling an entire floor. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. enter BEAM. Before you start. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. 4. for example. or an object group. Depending on the project. Start the Move or Copy command.3. enter a name for the set of properties. Click Load to load the properties. b Select an object. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. For a project that has several identical floors. 7. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. from simple frames to entire floors. and object groups. 3. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. In the box next to the Save as button. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. To stop copying or moving objects. then copying it to several levels. Click Save as to save the set of properties. For example. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. when creating grids and levels in a new model. To use a default set of part properties. 6. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. Save time by modeling these areas once. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. For example. This can useful when creating view filters. create an empty view or selection filter. The dialog box remains open on the screen. c Enter the values you want to use. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model.

and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box.. Download and install the application.. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. you can use the Xmouse option. to open the Select date dialog box. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. click Select date. select the review date. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. 2. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1..To select values from the model: 1. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. In the Value list box. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. To select a date. Open the Background color in model editor document. and then select one of the options. When you hold the thumb. index finger. 3. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. a b To select an object property. Views (p. • See also Use the Page Up. 2. To activate a view. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. 132) Creating a visualization (p. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. select one of the options. or define the number of days before or after the review date. Click Add row. 2. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes.. and then select an object. You can either select a date from the calendar. the index finger the y axis. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. 4. Page Down and arrow keys. and the middle finger the z axis. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . 3. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. click Select from model. With Xmouse active.

if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. Click Modify. use polygon cuts. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. 4. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. 3. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. Try to position the cut at least 0. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. Clear the Cuts check box. For example. the cut is more likely to succeed. If the component fails.. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. Note that after creating the polygon.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1.3 mm outside of the part planes. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face.. Click Display. to open the Display dialog box. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually.3 mm). 2. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. especially in components. See also Cuts (p. • • • • If a cut fails. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. To locate the failure in the model. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. Cuts (p.

Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. or use the Fit Part End command. It can cause problems with connections and details. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 2.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. This can cause shop errors. To lengthen a part. Hold down F. See also Modifying part length (p. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. Click a row that contains an ID number. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. move the part handles. Click a row that contains an ID number. 2. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. Hold down Z. move the part handles. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts.

set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. and from bottom to top (in positive x.See also Part position (p. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. Creating a single grid line (p. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. For example. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. such as beams. always pick points in the same direction. pick positions from left to right. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. lines and circles. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. Create points. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. 57) Fittings (p. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . y directions). 40) Points (p. Use construction planes.

.....115 cast in place......... 75 joining........................................................................... 76 exploding.................................................................................157 removing objects .....148 creating.................. 76 highlighting ..................69 steel beams .. 71................................... 15 views ................................. 75 changing the main part................................ 88 modifying ..........................................................82 creating......................................67 warping...................................................................82 adding objects ...........................................Index # 3D models..................................... 75 lotting.............................................................................................................................................105 corner chamfers .............................73...................................... 23 examples................83 highlighting .............................................................................. 185 assemblies ............................................79 curved beams........................83 casting direction ....................................................................................................................................104 corner chamfer dimensions ............................................................83 cast units ... 225 concrete polybeams ......................87 bolt group shape...............................................................................81 adding non-concrete objects .. 135 beams cambering......................................................................82 exploding ...............................86 bolt offsets .....................................107 in sketches ..................................................... 67....................................................................................73..........................................................................105 corner chamfer types................................................................................................................................................................................ 74 numbering ........... 85............ 70 adding objects ..............72 clash checking.................................................88 bolt spacing ....... 157 removing objects ................................................. 71 using bolts to create assemblies ........... 71 using welds to create assemblies ...................................................................................... 174 nested assemblies ....................................................................... 149 creating .............................. 86...................................................................................................................................................................................... 39 4D tool.....................................................................................................................................................68 orthogonal beams... 74 changing the main assembly.. 143 arcs...... 30 angle dimensions .......199 b background color changing.....................115 concrete beams....................................................82 cast unit type ....................... 72 attaching parts..................113 bending............................................... 75 comparing ............................................83 top-in-form face ...................................................................84 chamfering........................................................................................... 79....................................................................................................84 changing the main part...................................................................................................................................................................... 71 examples...............65 bolts .......143 bolting sub-assemblies...................... 131 sub-assemblies .................................................................................................. 191 angles.................................83 lotting........................................................................................................................ see visualizing project status ........................... 75 showing and hiding .............. 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 ........ 218 steel polybeams ................................................................................... 117 c cambering parts...............................88 a absolute coordinates ...............................................................................174 numbering ..........105 edge chamfers..................................................................... 227 bolt group position .................

..... 146 clash checking ........................................................ 223 warping ....................................................132 concrete parts ..........................239 grid color....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 105................28 copying hints and tips.................................................................................187 colliding objects ..... 79......................................... 81................................................ 31 columns concrete columns ........................................................................................ 145.................... 159 settings ......checking sketched cross sections ......................................... 232 types and dimensions ............................................124 coincident contraints ..................186 coincident............... 219 control numbers ........................................................136 corner chamfers ................................188 parallel ...................................235 coordinates coordinate system........................ 117 comparing parts or assemblies.............................................................................................147 list of clashes .........................147 changing status .................................. 66.....148 changing priority ............................................................................................. 28.. 78.....79 slabs ....23 background color examples.....142 circles..................185 Clash Check Manager ................................... 69................................................................................................................146 managing results .................................................................................................187 deleting ....84 columns ......................................................23 color settings . 222 panels ..............................................................41 construction lines ............................................. 225 strip footings .............133 object representation settings.........................104....144 colors ............................................................. 80.........................................................167 clip planes............................................................................................................................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................186 perpendicular .................................. 116..................................................... 144.................................................................40 contour plates .............................................................189 construction objects ....................................................... 51......................................................................................149 components showing and hiding................... 149 bolts ................81 casting direction........... 78.238 object groups ............................... 218 combining parts .......188 horizontal ... 78.................................................................................................40 construction circles ............................ 224 pad footings ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................41 construction planes............................... 55 classifying information .. 225 cast units...............................113 constraints......... 78......................................................................................189 fixed ..............55 background color .135 project status visualizations ..........................187 vertical ...146 class................. 145.146 sessions......................................................... 158...................................................... 224 steel columns........................213 finding RGB values.. 146.....................................................................................................................................147 symbols ...... 226 polybeams ...........68...............................197 checking the model........77 beams ......

....................................... 82 clip planes ............................ 174 models.............................. 69 pad footings.......... 109.....143 dividing models... 110........................................................................................................................................................creating assemblies ....127 cuts .... 67 steel columns ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 160 steel beams................89........ 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor..... 112 polygon cuts .............................109 hints and tips ..........................76 background colors ................................................................................................................... 68 fittings.................................................192 display settings ....... 168 lots...... 136 screenshots.................... 40 contour plates.........................137 numbering ......................................................................................................................193 horizontal......................................... 91.....................................................................139 visualizing project status ....................192 in sketching .....................................171 detail properties .............................................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section........... 232 end offsets .......... 100 twin profiles ............63 erection schedules... 107..............................171 e edge chamfers............. 35 welds .......... 86 cast units ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 172 single bolts ................................................162..................... 132 object representation settings ..............................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ..........................................190 vertical ........................... 78 sub-assemblies .............. 78 concrete panels...........70...................................................................................................................................................... 139 erection sequences ................................................................................................................................................ 30 holes............................. 111 part cuts.................... 41 construction planes .................................................................. 165 tile pattern definition ................ 41 construction lines ...................................................... 111 d deleting logical areas ................................................................... 124 concrete beams................................ 66 steel polybeams ..................................................................................................................................... 168 sequences. 181 sketching cross sections ......................................................................................................................240 line cuts ...................................171 exact lines......................... 184 slabs..................................65.......................... 70 views ................. 88 sketched cross sections ..................................126 adding attributes................138 creating project status visualization settings .............190 radial......................................................................................................................................................................................227 DGN supported objects ............. 68 Custom Inquiry ................... 164.................... 80 construction circles..................... 16 nested assemblies ..............................119 examples assemblies ................ 137.................................................68.............191 between two points.................................171 object types .................................. 80 standard-part models ........................................................................................ 169 orthogonal beams .......................................................................101 visualizing erection schedules................... 71 bolts......... 108 grid lines...... 163........... 109.......................... 93.............................. 32 grid views ..................23 creating object groups ............................................................................................................................................. 168 strip footings....................................................................................................................................................................... 134 object type categories ........................ 71 tile patterns................................. 90 logical areas ....................204 defining erection schedules..............191 deleting from a sketch ................................................................131 examining the model .............................. 38 grids ...........216 distances measuring.................................137 creating object representation settings........................ 181 curved parts................................................................................................................................ 78 project status visualizations ........................................................................................ 69 curved beams..... 79 concrete slabs ...................................... 79 concrete columns .......................... 74 object groups....................................... 67 storys.................. 124 sections .............................................. 104.............127 modifying contents ...............48 dimensions angle.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 81 concrete polybeams ...

..........................200 f family numbers ............................................237 holes .......28 h handles .................................................................238 parts...........................................26 highlighting assemblies........................33 modifying .........211 work plane grid ...............................................................................................................................240 grid labels ...........................149 fittings ...................................................................155 example .............................................................................................................212 grid views creating.........................................83 reference models ................................28 grid lines ..........................................................................131 work area ...................78..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................123 footings ......................................................................................................132 cut lines...145 finding distant objects ...................................203 extrusion types.................27 hiding assemblies...........................................................................................195 reference lines .....116 levels............. 222...................................................131 local coordinate system ............... see tips ..........................................................32 deleting ...............................................................................................31 origin....196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...................... 90 horizontal constraints ..........................................................42 sketched cross sections............................................................................................................156 finding clashes .................................................................................108 fixed constraints..38 properties.................................................................................exploding assemblies..............................................................................................................................................................32 creating..................................................................................................................................................126 j joining assemblies........................45 hints and tips.........................................................................215 grids coordinates ........................ 31 labels ...............75 cast units..............................................57 of positioning planes..............188 flying through model ........... 31 line extensions........ 111 lines exact ...............................................................................................................................62 i identical areas....................................................................................163 modifying .....................131 components ..............................................64 line cuts...56 positioning planes ......................................................................................................................................................................29 properties......84 unselected parts ......................130 top-in-form face.....................................31 part labels ................................................. 89.................................................................................... 109.............................................................................................76 cast units .....45 selected parts ...................188 horizontal dimensions ............................................58 reference models ..........................................................................................................................................................................153 importing points ............................................30 deleting ........................... 28..........57 moving ......................................................192 horizontal position .................................... 223 g global coordinate system ...........................................................83 exporting sketched cross sections ..............................................................................29 modifying .................31 grid color.....................152 reinforcements . 29..........................126 object properties ................................30 creating....................................................................................203 inquiring models .......................................................................................................................................75 l lengthening parts ........................................33 properties................................

.. 17 viewing .................. 151..162..................................................167.........................................159 numbering series..............................................................................................................57 n nested assemblies..................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 ...........................................................133 example...................... 73...................135 example..157 checking and repairing ........ 119 modifying logical areas ................ 169 object types ..................................................................................... 122 numbering ..... 175 moving hints and tips ....................................... 119 zooming............................................................................................... 164..213 copying to another model ............................................. 143 bolt spacing .... 54 measuring objects ..... 235 standard-part model ...................................................................... 175 removing ................................ 156.......... 241 logical areas ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................172 series........................................................................................................ 143 angles.....195 using handles .................................................................. 234....157 sequences ...................................................................................................................................................... 16 dividing into phases...........................................................214 object property report templates........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 114 models about 3D models ..................................................................................................................................................... 167 modeling hints and tips ......................... 120 materials..............................161 identical parts ............................................................................... 237 identical areas ...........................122 positioning planes...........151 assemblies ............................................ 21 Model Organizer..........................................132 color settings ..... 233.........161 clearing..... 238 parametric modeling.................................................. 119 flying through model...................... 153...... 155.................................158 reinforcements.................................................................................................................................................................................. 142 creating ........ 174 adding parts ........................................... 171 examining............................................. 170 lotting.................. 15 checking for errors ..133 creating.......... 169 o object groups ................................................. 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position .....................................................................................................152 numbering settings ...............................................................160 control numbers..................................................... 34 Modeling of floor bay (66).157 cast units ....... 143 distances .............154 preliminary numbers......................................................................................................................... 126 moving.................... 163 history.....152 identical reinforcements ................................................... 176 rendered or plan view?........... 156 about numbering ................................................................ 74 numbering............ 151 organizing......... 165 family numbers ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 174 deleting...........................................153 what affects ...................................................................................................138 object types .................. 58 Model Editor screen layout............233 m Magnifier..................................................126 object representation settings.....133 copying ... 168 viewing ................................132 deleting.................................. 156 settings .... 154................................. 158........................153 modifying ............................................................................................................................................ 159 examples ...............................................................................................................................................................................................137 transparency settings .................................................................log files viewing ........ 163...................... 121 saving............................................................................167 viewing .. 167 rotating .....................................................................................................................238 models in a view...... 175 creating ..............................................................................135 creating...................................................................160 user-defined attributes....... 123 inquiring....................................................134 deleting.................

........................................................................................................................................................ 110.............. 112 default properties ..........................................51 sequences ....................... 172..........................56 lengthening .....................................................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..54 changing the profile ........................ see attaching parts ............................................................................................................212 polybeams.... 222 panels .....................................................................................................................................................................................42 phase and ID ............................241 numbering..128 finding distant objects ................................................................................................................................................................................... 173 shortening .........................................................................................................116 lotting .......................................................70 bending ......................................149 inquiring properties ...........56 part properties........242 showing and hiding................................ 156 part types ...................55 warping ................149 concrete parts ...................113 perpendicular constraints...........................................................................................65 cambering ........................................................ 57...........186 parametric modeling .....................................................................................................................................131 showing with exact lines ........................... 79 polygon cuts............................217 parts adding to assembly.......................................................................131 splitting............171 in numbering ......................................................................................115 changing the material ............................................................................................................................................... 78........................................................................ 58 profiles ............112 polygon welds ....................................................... 144.....................74 assemblies...........................................242 identical parts..............................143 numbering.............................................................174 material .................93 polylines ................................................116 comparing ................................................................................................................................130 horizontal parts ................164 plane views .......63 opening models .............167 orthogonal beams ...115 lengthening in drawings .........................176 profiles ..................................................................128 offsets .....................................212 properties.................................. 67.....................................................................................................................................................................................66 user-defined attributes .........................39 points ..............................................176 parametric profiles ..........90 p pad footings ..........................77 cutting with another part .......................................................................116 showing only selected parts..........................................................................................237 hiding ......................................... 111 polygon shapes...............117 part labels ............................212 importing .............................................................................................................156 placing objects in model ....................56 showing and hiding.........................................................................................................81 panning ........................................................................................................................ 109........................54 modifying part length .............. 145 defining visibility...... 154...........................115 shortening in drawings.............................................................52 properties..............117 steel parts ..42 coordinates .....................53 part add........................................242 positioning ........................................................122 parallel constraints................................220 overlapping numbering series ......156 views..........................................................................objects clash checking ....................152 labels ...................................................................................................................................17 organizing the model .............................................52 position ...........................................................................................................................126 measuring.....................................................187 phases .....................................52 combining ..............................................239 oversized holes.....................

.......................................................................................................153 numbering .......................................................................................................................................... 48 reference models..................................................................................................................................................................................................89 plates................17 sketched cross sections ....... 52 parametric ..................................................................128 restoring default work plane .........................................................................................69 slabs ................................................................................................................................................................................................126 reports viewing ..149 RGB values .......................................................................................................................................... 61 positioning planes..............................................................................................................................46 reference points.................................. 196 moving...................57........................................................239 right-hand rule .............................................45 highlighting ................................................. 53 weld size prefix.........................197 to old clash checking functionality .................................................................................................. 62 levels ......57 refreshing views...................................... 65 depth ....213 rotation angle knob ...... 136 creating ....................................................161 report templates for inquiring object properties ............................................................................................................................................ 237 r radial dimensions ................................59 rotation settings .......... 135 copying.............. 53 sketched profiles . 197 prefixes profile name prefixes.................................. 158 preparing parts for welding.................. 94 printing screenshots............................. 136 deleting.................................................................................................36 representation options.......................198 screen layout in Model Editor ..................... 47 selecting .........44 modifying properties ............................................................................................. 60 end offsets.............................................................................45 viewing layers........................................................................................................................... 195 reverting to default ........45 viewing changes.39 reinforcements identical ............................28 reverting to default positioning planes................................................................30 rendered views ....................................... 138 properties default . 63 horizontal.............................. 58 reference model objects ..........................................................................121 parts ........ 65 redrawing views...................................................43 clash checking...........................................................................................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ....................................................................... 190 radius....... 70 user-defined ................................................... 125 priority in clash checking.................................................................................................. 39 reference lines.................position bending ........157 relative coordinates ............................................239 rotating models.....128 repairing numbering errors .......................................................................................................................................241 representation options .................... 59 rotation ...........................................44 selecting .......................45 splitting into reference objects..... 147 profiles.................144 hiding...............................................................................................................................48 updating............................... 53 separators ............ 53 twin profiles ..........................................45 inserting................................................................... 201 standard ................................................................................................................................................................136.....................................53..................................................................... 193 handles............................. 64 on the work plane................................................................ 53 project status visualizations...................48 supported DGN objects .......58 round holes.............................................................. 176 prefixes.......................................... 93 preliminary numbers..................................................................................................................80 s saving models............................................................................................................................................... 59 vertical............. 136 example.................................................................................................................

...............................................................................218 strip footing properties ................................................................................................201 variables ...................................90 snapping to middle points..................115 shortening parts in drawings ...........................48 reference models... 194....198 polylines....................................88 single grid lines .....................................58 top-in-form face....................185 creating .............................. 235 orthogonal beam properties.....................53 standard-part models ............................................................................................................................... 234.....................225 contour plate properties.......................................238 selection dial ...........................................................................................................................................................................................199 checking..........................................................................................................................................................168 selecting dates from model.... 202.................................222 part properties ..........................................................................173 inquiring ...........screenshots creating......182 sketch editor........................................................................................................238 reference model objects ...................................................................................................................45 values from model ...................................................227 display settings ........ 203 modifying ............................................... 203 extrusion types.................................................................................................................215 weld properties ...............125 settings ..................232 general modeling settings......................................................................132 cut lines....................................118 standard profiles ................................................ 202..........233................................................................................125 printing...........................218 steel column properties .....................240 parts labels ...............214 sections......................211 grid view properties ....................................................197 circles...............215 numbering settings ............219 corner chamfer properties ................241 shortening and lengthening parts .................125 saving in bitmap format ...........216 edge chamfer properties...............190 arcs ...................................................................................................................221 view properties ..................................................................................184 positioning planes ............................................................ 196 profiles ................................................................................38 work area .......................................................................................................................................... 114 slotted holes..........224 concrete panel properties ....183 slabs..................................................................................212 grid properties.......................................................................................................80 warping ..........27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .........32 single-part welds ......................................58 sequences ................................................................227 concrete beam properties..................................................................... 113.. 117..............................................................................................................199 using in models.................173 modifying ....201 example ..........................................84 views...................................................................................160 status in clash checking .........................................................................................................................181 adding constraints........173 creating...........................................................211 grid line properties .....................................................................................................................................................................................56 parts with exact lines ..................131 positioning planes ......173 settings bolt properties........................................................................225 concrete column properties ................................................... 118 plates and slabs..................26 single bolts ..........................184 creating images ...................................................................172 adding parts..............................220 pad footing properties.........186 adding dimensions.................................................185 chamfers ...................186 saving ..232 detail properties ......................124 splitting parts...............................................................................................................226 concrete slab properties ...............................116 showing assemblies........217 point properties..............................................................212 rotation settings .......................................................................181 sketched cross sections....................57 snapshots.............................................................94 Sketch Browser.......................................................................................................................................................................................213 screenshot settings........................................124 in Windows Vista .........195 reference lines .............214 steel beam properties ..223 twin profile properties ..........131 components .......................193........................................................................................................147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................200 importing .........198 sketch thickness ...............215 view settings ............................... see screenshots ............................................................................................................204 exporting ....................229 shifting the work plane ............................................201 refining the shape ....................................................................................................................................172 deleting ...........................

......................36 view types........................................215 refreshing ................................ 238 creating horizontal parts........................67... 98 on cut faces...............................................................239 properties ....................................................214 twin profiles..................................................128 view planes............ 67 twin profiles ................................................170 sequence numbers............. 96 on all faces of part.. 97 on parts with openings and recesses....................................... 223 sub-assemblies ..................................................................176 in sketching ............................... 239 selecting values from model...........................................................................................35 view planes..................................................... 220 polybeams....................... 69................................................................................... 96 creating new surface treatments ................................ 237 finding RGB values for colors.............................61 view depth .......................................................................................................................................... 168 strip footings ..................................... 99 modifying...................................................39 temporary ...................... 221 u user interface in Model Editor .................................................................................. 124 numbering history............................ 221 storys..steel parts........ 103 pattern elements ...................... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern .................................................................................................................70.....................37 view settings .................55 in numbering. 39 top-in-form face .............................38 naming.............................. 66 assemblies .....35 opening....... 70............................ 98 on selected areas.................. 68......................... 95 adding ....................................... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ........................................................................................................................ 101 pattern definitions................................................... 239 copying and moving efficiently ............................................................153 user-defined profiles .......................... 68 orthogonal beams .................................................96....................................128 visualizing project status............................................ 242 right-hand rule ...............................................................................................66............ 97 tiled surface treatment................................ 119..............................................................192 vertical position.......................................................................... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 ..................................................................................................53 v values selecting from model ....................... 104 tips activating overlapping views ...........................238 variables in parametric modeling .....................39 closing ......................................................................... 100 pattern definition example ..................................................................................................................................................................................173 views..........38 modifying .............................................................................. 97 on part face ...................................... 239 modeling identical areas ................................................. 218 contour plates..............78... 240 defining default part properties..............................36 visibility of objects........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 218 columns.....................35 deleting............................ 100 creating new tile patterns ................................................................................................................................ 238 modifying part length...............36 moving............................. 72 surface treatment ...............................................................................................................................................33 arranging ........... 97 on chamfered parts .........39 switching between views ..........38 overlapping.......................... 70 beams ........................ 197 tiled surface treatment.........................................136 t testing sketched cross sections .............................................. 242 cutting efficiently.......................................84 transparency settings ...............................................................................................................................................170 models......................161 object types ........................................................................................................................... 219 curved beams................................. 72 welding to existing assembly.......................................................................................... 241 placing objects .......... 100 switching between views .................................................................................................................69.......................183 vertical constraints...215 viewing logical areas ...............21 user-defined attributes... 71 bolting to existing assembly ..........189 vertical dimensions .............................................................39 creating....................................................

................... 93..........................................................120 zooming in or out ..................231 welding sub-assemblies ................... 91.............................................................................................113 concrete slabs .....28 shifting .............................................................120 zoom window .............................................................................................. 229 between parts ..........................27 restoring...........91 creating.............................................................................36 work area .. 25..113 concrete parts..................................................................................21 z zooming using Magnifier ................................................................................ 94 numbering....... 114 welds........................................................................................ 128 defining .............27 workspace in Model Editor.w warping beams.............................................................................................26 work plane...............120 zoom settings................................................93 single-part welds...234 polygon welds...................................................................................................... 113..................................................94 weld position..119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..........................................................................................................93 weld types...........................................................................120 with keyboard shortcuts ...................................................................................91................72 wire frame views ............................................26 hiding .................................94 weld size prefixes ..........................................................92 weld preparation ...........................................................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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