Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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......................................................................4 Creating an assembly............... Part labels ......................................................... 57 Steel parts............................................. Creating a round contour plate .................................................................................................... 3..............................................................................................................................................3 Creating a steel column................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a contour plate ............................................................................ Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ................................. Creating a nested assembly .................................................................................. 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................................................... Colors ......... Position on the work plane ................................................................................................................... End offsets ............................. Creating a steel beam ............. Materials....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Assembly hierarchy .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 66 Assemblies.............................................................. Standard profiles ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding objects to assemblies..................................................... Creating a steel polybeam..................................................2 Moving a part using handles .............................................................................................................................. Rotation ....................................... Changing the material of a part .................. 3............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the position of a part ...................................................................................................................... Bending ....................................................................................... Vertical position ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a sub-assembly ........................................... 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ........................................................................................ Creating an orthogonal beam........... Parametric profiles .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ............................................................................................................................................................................. Adding parts to an assembly .....Changing the profile of a part ............................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a twin profile.................... Position depth ........................................................................................................ Using welds to create assemblies ..................................................... Levels .......... User-defined profiles .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Showing part labels in a view .............................. Using bolts to create assemblies .......................................................... User-defined attributes ........ 3............... Creating a curved beam .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Showing part reference lines in model views ................................................ Horizontal position .........................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Highlighting objects in a cast unit......................................................................................................................... Bolt group shape ................................................................................................................................................... 77 Cast units....... Bolt group position ............................................................................................................. Showing the top-in-form face .................................................................. 3.............................................................................................................. 4. Adding objects to cast units ... Exploding an assembly .....................5 Creating a pad footing........................................................................................................ Changing or adding bolted parts ................................................................................................................................... 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ................................................. Exploding a cast unit .................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete polybeam .......................................................................1 Bolts..................................................................... Casting direction .............................................................................................................................................. Adding concrete objects to a cast unit .. Creating a strip footing ............................................................... Changing the assembly main part ............................................................... Removing objects from a cast unit .............................................................................................................................................................. Highlighting objects in an assembly ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3.......................... Creating a round slab ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes................................. Changing the cast unit main part ......................................... 81 4 Detailing Structures ................................................................................................................................................................................................................Joining assemblies .. Creating a concrete beam........................................................................................................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit .................................................................................... Creating a single bolt ................ Changing the main assembly ............................................................................ Defining the casting direction of a part ........................................................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 .................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete slab ........................................................... 89 Creating slotted holes ....................................................................................................................................... Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ................................................. Assembly examples ................................................... Removing objects from an assembly ............................................................................................. Creating a concrete column ............................................... Defining the cast unit type............................................................................................................................................................................ 85 Creating a bolt group....................... Bolt offsets ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 89 Creating round holes............................................................................................................ Creating a concrete panel ......................................................................................... 85 4...........................................................................................

........................................................................................ Cutting parts with a polygon .................................................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Manually preparing a part for welding .................................................................................................................................................................................. 4......... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ............................................. 104 Chamfers...................................................................................................................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment........................................................................................ Cutting parts with another part ... 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ........................................................................................................ Weld size prefixes ...............................................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ......................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................... Creating a weld to a part ........................................................... Polybeam chamfers ................................................................................................................................................................. Line cuts ......................................................................................... 104 4................................................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options............................................................. 103 Tile pattern elements ................................... 100 Example pattern definition ............................................................................................................................ Weld preparation .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ........ 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces .......................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tiled surface treatment.............................................................................................................................................. 90 4......................... Warping a beam using deformation angles ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Chamfering part edges ......................................................... Creating a polygon weld......................................... Fittings................... Polygon cuts ........................................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts .................. Weld position ................................................................................................................................... Part cuts .......................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a fitting ............................. 91 Creating a weld between parts.................................................................Creating oversized holes.............. Cuts ......................................................... 100 Creating new tile patterns ................3 Welds ... Warping concrete parts ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Cutting parts with a line .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ................................................................................................................................................................................................. Chamfering part corners ...... 101 Tile pattern definitions ...................................................... Modifying the shape of a polygon.......................................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions ........

............................................................. Hiding selected parts................................................................. Printing a screenshot ................................................................................................................................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ....................................................................... 118 Splitting a plate or slab.......................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Combining two parts into one...... Showing parts with exact lines ...................................................................................................... Shortening and lengthening parts ................................ Cambering parts.....................................................................................7 Splitting parts .............................1 Viewing the model ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool .........................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... Showing and hiding assemblies.............................................................................................. 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model ..................................................................................................... 126 Showing and hiding objects .................... 4.......................................................................... Creating a screenshot........................................ Moving the model.................................. Rotating the model ................. Hiding unselected parts.................................. 118 5 Examining the Model...................................... 5............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool .................................................................. Lengthening a part in drawings ............................... 119 Zooming the model ............................................................................................. Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ........2 Inquiring object properties.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Cambering a part ............................................................................................................... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts.......................................................................... Shortening a part in drawings .................................................................................................................................................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part .............................................................................................................................................. 116 Attaching a part to another part............................................................................................. 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 .................................................................. Flying through the model.................................3 Defining which objects are displayed .............................................................................................................. Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ...................... Representation options ............................................... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................................................. 117 4............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5............................................ Object property report templates ....................................................................................................................... 119 5.............................. Zooming with Magnifier ............................................................................ Creating a clip plane .................................................................................................................................... Modifying the zoom settings .........

................... 151 What affects numbering ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5........ Measuring bolt spacing ...................................................... 142 6 Numbering the Model.................................................. 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................................................................................................................................ Example: Defining an erection schedule ............................ Deleting visualization settings ..................................................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule .................................................. Example: Creating object representation settings ......... 153 6........................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting object representation settings ............................................................................ Measuring angles ...................4 Creating a visualization ................................................................................................. 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ................. Object groups ............................................................................................... Finding distant objects.............................................................................................. 153 Planning your numbering series.................................. Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ......... 151 6................................................ Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ...... Creating object representation settings ............................................................................................................................................................ Copying object representation settings to another model ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Copying an object group to another model .................................................................. Object representation settings................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Measuring distances ......................................................3 Defining numbering series ..............................................................................................................................................................................................1 6........................................................................................................................................ Finding clashes in a model ............... 135 Checking the model ........................ Clash Check Manager ..........5 Measuring objects ................................................................................................................................ Detecting clashes ....................................... Copying visualization settings to another model ..................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Creating object groups .................................................. Deleting an object group .................................................... Creating an object group ..................................................................... 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Comparing parts or assemblies.... Example: Creating visualization settings .................................................................................................. 152 Identical parts ............. 152 Identical reinforcements ....................................................................................... 5............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Showing and hiding components .................2 What is numbering ....... 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status............................................................................. Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ...........................

................................................................................................................................................................................... 7............................................................. Clearing numbers........................................... 172 Creating a sequence ...................................................................................... Assigning control numbers to parts ... 171 Dividing the model into phases .......................................................................................................................... Example: Numbering selected part types ......................................... 162 Example: Numbering identical beams......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to a sequence ........ Example: Numbering parts in selected phases.................................................................................................... Example: Numbering settings during a project ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 161 Numbering examples............................... Overlapping numbering series .................................................... 6........................................................................................................ Example: Using family numbers....................................................... Changing numbers............................................. 161 Repairing numbering errors ............................................ Checking the sequence of a part ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6.............................. Creating object type categories...........................................................................................................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ..................... Deleting logical areas and object type categories.............................................................................. 171 Custom phase properties ................................................................................................................................... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ................................................ Viewing logical areas and object type categories ..............................................................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases................................................ Assembly position numbers .................................................................................................................................................... Creating a standard-part model ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 171 7................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 172 173 173 173 173 7.. Locking and unlocking control numbers ...............7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects...........3 Sequences...................................................................... Control numbers..................................................... Saving preliminary numbers............................................................1 Organizing the model.............. Modifying the sequence number of a part...... 156 Viewing the numbering history.......................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing the family number of an object .................................................5 6..................................................................................................... 167 7.......................... 167 Creating logical areas ....................................................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories........................................................................................................................6 6....................... Deleting a sequence ....................... 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling.............................................................................. Numbering reinforcements............................................................................Family numbers...................................................................................................................................................................................... Assigning family numbers ...........................................................................................4 Lotting .........................

.................................................................................... Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ........................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal constraint ............................................................................ Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch .................................................................................................... 176 Sketched cross sections .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ........................................................................................................................... Setting the sketch thickness ......................................... Adding a parallel constraint .............. Reverting to default positioning planes ......................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ............................................................................................................................................................5 7............................ Deleting a lot .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a fixed constraint ..........................Creating a lot ........................... Part positioning planes ................................................................................................................ Deleting a constraint ............................................... Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................................................ Adding a vertical constraint ................ 7............................................................ Sketching the outline of a cross section .. Cross section extrusion types ................................................. Deleting a dimension from a sketch ......................... Connection positioning planes .................... Removing parts from a lot ...... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section............................................................................................................... Modifying a sketched cross section.................................................................................................. Moving positioning plane handles ....................................................................................................................... Sketching an arc ........................................................................... Showing and hiding positioning planes ... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ............... Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ................... Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Moving positioning planes ............................. Sketching a circle ................................................................... Modifying chamfers in a sketch ............................................................................................................................ Adding parts to a lot ................................................................................ Saving a sketched cross section ............................................ Checking a sketched cross section ........................................... 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures .................................................................................................. Adding a perpendicular constraint . Adding a coincident constraint ........................... Sketching a polyline ....................................................... Sketch Browser ............................................................................................................................. Variables ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Refining the shape of a sketched cross section .............................................................................................................................

......................................................................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings............................... Orthogonal beam properties ...................................................................................................................................................... Exporting sketched cross sections ....................................................................................................................... 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ............................ Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ................................................................................ 227 Bolt properties............................. Contour plate properties..................................................................................................................... 215 Display settings .............................................................................................................................................................. Transparency settings....................................................................................................................................4 Detail properties..................................................................................................................................................................................................... Concrete beam properties....................................... Importing and exporting sketched cross sections .......................................................... Concrete column properties ...........................................................................................................................1 General settings..... 227 Weld properties ..................................................................................................................................... Point properties ....................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings......................................................................... Color settings ........................................................................................................................................................................... 217 Steel column properties ........ 211 8......................................................................................................................................................... Steel beam properties .......................................3 Part properties ....... Rotation settings ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Concrete slab properties ............................................................................................................................................... Importing sketched cross sections ..................................................................................................................... 215 Grid view properties ........................... Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ......................................................................................................................................................... Example: Using the cross section in a model ................................................................................................................... Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section ................................. 215 View properties ......................................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section............................................................ 229 Weld types .................................................................................................................................... Concrete panel properties.......................................................................................................................................................................... 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8.............................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ................................................................................................................................................... Pad footing properties......................... 8........................................................... Strip footing properties ..................................................... Screenshot settings.................................................................................................................................................................................. Twin profile properties........................................................................................................................................................ 211 Grid properties ......................................................................................................................... Grid line properties............ Creating an image of a sketched cross section ................................................................................................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness .................................................................. 216 8..........................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Modeling identical areas...... 234 Control number settings ............................... Right-hand rule................................................................................................................................................................................. Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .................................................................. Creating horizontal parts .............................................................................. 232 Edge chamfer properties ................................................................................1 General modeling tips ............................................ 233 Weld numbering settings................................................................................................................................................................ 237 Defining default part properties .............Corner chamfer properties ................................................................................. Hiding cut lines in a view ................................................................................5 Numbering settings .................................................................................................................. Copying and moving efficiently......................................................................................... 233 General numbering settings .......................................... 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................. Cutting efficiently ....................................................................................................................................................... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern......................... Activating an overlapping view ............................ 9.................................................................................................................................................................................................. 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips........................................................................................... Finding RGB values for colors............................................................... 237 9............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 232 8........................................................................................................2 Modifying part length ...................................... Selecting values from the model .................... Optional ways of placing objects in a model .......... 235 9 Modeling Tips ................................................................................

such as reports and NC data files. as they react to modifications in the model. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. 17) Saving a model (p. 16) Opening a model (p.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. create. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. 17) Model templates (p. you can create a real-life model of any structure. 15) Creating a new model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . 18) 1.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. and save models in Tekla Structures. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

27) Coordinate system (p. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. 28) Grids (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. a new window appears on the screen. 40) Points (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 33) Construction objects (p. the icons and available menu options will become active. 29) Views (p. 25) Work plane (p. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 43) 2. 42) Reference models (p. When you open or create a model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . 21) Work area (p. Initially.

and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p. 23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions.

2.. and so on. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. Finding RGB values for colors (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . > Model View. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 3. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. set the same value for all four corners of the background. To use the default background color. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. leave the advanced option fields empty. 239) Background color examples (p. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background..Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values.

0 1.4 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.2 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.RGB values 1.0 0.0 0.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 Result 0.0 1.2 0.0 1.0 0.

0 0.RGB values 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.3 0.8 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.7 0.0 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .7 0.6 1.8 0.0 0.7 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.2 0.0 1. 239) 2.0 0. dashed lines.0 Result 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.

1. See also Work area (p. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . see the corresponding menu tooltip. for example. This can be useful. 2. See also Defining the work area (p. 26) Hiding the work area (p. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. set the advanced option to FALSE. You can define the work area in a selected view. To make the work area visible again. Click View > Redraw All. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. or in all visible views. or all model objects. click View > Redraw All again. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area.. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. To define the work area: 1. For more information on each command. Click OK or Apply..You can define the work area to suit particular situations. 2. you can hide the green work area box. but they are not visible. 3. Work area (p. Tekla Structures hides the work area. Objects outside the work area still exist. or size the work area to include selected parts. Alternatively. To make the box visible again. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. 4. > Model View. for example. when creating screenshots for presentations. 5. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box.

The current work plane is model-specific. To display the work plane grid. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. parallel to one of the global basic planes. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. which is the local coordinate system of the model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . For more information on each command. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. so it is the same in all views. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. For example. see the corresponding menu tooltip.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. which can be used for positioning parts. 3. The work plane also has its own grid. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. 28) Right-hand rule (p. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. To shift the work plane: 1. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. See also Shifting the work plane (p. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. select Work plane to display the work plane grid.2. or on a part or view plane. For example creating points. part positioning. 2. When modeling sloped parts.

. To restore the default work plane: 1. 2.0. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. > Model View. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE.0 0. Click Change. 239) 2.. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 2.. 3. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. set the value to 1. 3. 4. For example. y.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. Click OK. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view.0 0. Work plane (p. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. See also Work plane (p.. 4. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. to change the color to red.See also Work plane (p. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Set Plane to XY. Set Depth coordinate to 0. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.

In wire frame views. See also Work plane (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . 27) View types (p. 36) 2. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin.

211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. 2. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. and Z0. See also Creating a grid (p. Y0. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. You can also create grids manually. If you do not pick a point. For example. 31) Changing the grid color (p. To manually create a grid: 1. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. Modify the grid properties. Grids (p. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. and Z0. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. 0 4000 4000. 30) Grid labels (p. 4. Optional: When prompted. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. Y0. 31) Deleting a grid (p. The z coordinates are absolute. 30) Coordinate system (p. 3. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0.You can have more than one grid in a model. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. 5. Click Modeling > Create Grid. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. For example. See also Click Create. 29) Grid coordinates (p.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid.. 0 2*4000.. 31) Grid lines (p. 30) Modifying a grid (p. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . See also Creating a grid (p. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. 31) Grid properties (p.

See also Grids (p. See also Click Modify to save the changes. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. 29) Grid properties (p. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. If you wish. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. When working with very large grids. not the grid. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. The Grid dialog box appears. 29) Creating a grid (p. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. Grids (p. you can leave the label fields empty. is selected. If you have also other objects selected. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. See also Grids (p. 3. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. 2. 3. Modify the grid properties. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. 4. 2. When you delete a grid. is selected. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. If the coordinate check boxes are selected.

Pick the starting point of the grid line. 2. set the value to 1. See also Grids (p. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. You can use handles to move the grid lines. Click OK.. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. 2. the handles appear in magenta. 29) Creating a single grid line (p..0 0. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid.0. When you select a grid line. See also Grids (p. to change the color to red. 3. For example. 3. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid.0 0. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .1. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. > Model View. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. 4. Single grid lines have handles. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. 4. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Pick the end point of the grid line. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p.

6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. 2. 32) Grid line properties (p. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2.See also Grid lines (p. not the grid line. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. See also Grid lines (p. 3. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. 32) 2. Modify the grid line properties. Grid lines (p. When you delete a grid line. See also is selected. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . is selected. 3. For example. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. 4. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. If you also have other objects selected. Click Modify to save the changes. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected.

38) Switching between open views (p. plane.When you need to see a specific part clearly. which is useful for different tasks. create a 3D view of the part. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. and elevation views provide different types of information. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. 35) Opening a view (p. 38) Modifying a view (p. This places the part in the center of the view. 39) Arranging views (p. 38) Deleting a view (p. See also Creating a view (p. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 39) Refreshing views (p.

In multi-user mode. When you exit the model. For more information on each command. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. which have a default name in parentheses. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . it is very important to give views unique names. Views (p. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 35) View types (p. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. 215) About naming views (p. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. Optional: Save the view.If you are working with two screens. 2. or the view will not be saved for later use. 36) Creating grid views (p. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. c See also Click Modify. If several users have different views with the same name. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. see the corresponding menu tooltip. b Type a unique name in the Name field. See also Views (p. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 36) View planes (p. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. 33) View settings (p. See also Creating a view (p. Temporary views. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. disappear when you close them. 3. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. Select a view command from the View menu. Do not use parentheses when naming a view.

The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. It does not appear in the plane name. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. and zy). In basic views. 35) Representation options (p. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. • See also Creating a view (p. xz. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. In the basic plane view.

Click the view. from the pop-up menu.. Moving a view plane (p. To move the view plane: 1. 4. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. depending on the creation method. or enter its coordinates. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. Other views For view types other than basic views. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. Click Move. 5. See also View planes (p. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . click the Pick button to re-activate the command. 2. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. If the Move . or the points are defined automatically. When you move a view plane. Pick the starting point of the translation vector.. 3. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. or enter its coordinates. 37) Creating a view (p. Pick the end point of the translation vector.

Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views.. To create grid views: 1. 3. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 35) Grid view properties (p. how it will name the views. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. To open multiple views. check how many views you have open. 2. If you try to open more than nine views.. The Views dialog box appears. See also Views (p. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. 3. 2. See also Creating a view (p.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. The Views dialog box appears. Modify the view properties. 2. Click View > View List. Views (p. Select the grid. Modify the grid properties. create a view that contains a grid. Before you start. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. 33) View settings (p... 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. Click Create. Tekla Structures displays a warning. Click Modify. 4. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. and all visible views on the right. If the view does not appear. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. and which view properties it will use.. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. or double-click a view to open it. 5.

Click View > View List. Views (p. and then click Modify. The Views dialog box appears. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. 33) Switching between open views (p.. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. In the View Properties dialog box. Click Delete. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. To delete multiple views. and all visible views on the right. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. On the Window menu. Views (p. 3. select a view from the list. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. See also Views (p. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Click View > Redraw All.1. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. Select the view you want to delete... Views (p. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. select an option from the Angle list box. 2.

select the Magnetic check box. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. Tekla Structures draws the plane. 6. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. When you move the plane. lines. For example. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. 40) Creating a construction line (p. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. Click the middle mouse button. See also Creating a construction plane (p. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. Pick four points. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears.To arrange the views. and circles help you place other objects. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. Double-click the plane in the model. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. For example. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces.7 Construction objects Construction planes. See also Views (p. 3. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. 5. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. Type a name for the plane. Tile Horizontally. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. 2. They do not appear in drawings. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. You cannot use the Cascade. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. 33) 2. 4. Click View > Close All.

Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . 4. Click Modify. b Select the Magnetic check box. see the corresponding menu tooltip. For more information on each command. See also Construction objects (p. a Double-click the line in the model. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. 3. Pick the end point of the construction line. 2. See also Construction objects (p. See also Construction objects (p. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. c Click Modify. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. 2.7. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. Pick the starting point of the construction line.

212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. Create a point import file. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. Points (p. See also Creating a point (p.2. 42) Point properties (p.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. 42) Importing points (p. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. For more information on each command. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. To import points from a file: 1. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. When you create points.

6. 5. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. 4.prp) Cadmatic models (*. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. b Save the file. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. For example.rop. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. Click Create. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. See also Inserting a reference model (p.dwg) MicroStation (*.IFC) IGES files (*. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates.1500 2. a plant design model. *.500. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. 3. 7.3dd) IFC files (*.igs. *.dgn.700. For example: 100. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. See also Points (p.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. 42) 2. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . an architectural model. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. Double-click Point Creation Import (8). 45) Hiding a reference model (p.dxf) AutoCAD (*. Type point in the Search field and click Search. or a heating. During the import process. Include the full path and the file extension.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. If you do not specify the path.1000 300. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. Type the ASCII file name.

Click the Browse. If you do not define a reference model file to use. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects.. 47) Supported DGN objects (p.. 3.. or you forget to click Apply. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Check the work plane position. the file does not exist. see Adding properties. For more information on user-defined attributes. Click File > Insert Reference Model.. 4. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle.inp file. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. Open a Tekla Structures model. if it uses different measurement units). 6. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. Click User-defined attributes. See also Reference models (p. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. 5. 46) Reference model objects (p. button to browse for the reference model file. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p.. Pick a position to define the reference model origin.. 4. Modify the properties and then click Modify. 7. 3. Set the scale of the reference model. 2.Updating reference models (p. Click File > Reference Model List. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. 2.

43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. switch.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . To update all reference models: 1. See also Click File > Reference Model List. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. but the changes are rarely documented..3dd) WebViewer (. Click File > Reference Model List.. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (.. 2. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box.xml) 3D DWG (. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1.. Select a reference model from the list. Reference models (p.. 2. To highlight a reference model: 1. Click File > Reference Model List.ifc) Cadmatic (. See also Reference models (p. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. 2. Reference models (p. you can highlight them. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 2. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. See also Reference models (p. Click Reload all..

See also Reference models (p. button next to the Old file name field.To view changes in a reference model: 1.. Click Display. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. To view reference model layers: 1. 2.. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. Double-click the reference model. 4. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. 3. For example. select Inserted to see the added objects. Double-click the reference model. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

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The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. parametric. and user-defined profiles. 2. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . When you create or modify a part. 66) Concrete parts (p. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. • For steel parts. A parametric profile. 53) User-defined profiles (p. button next to the Profile field. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. 52) Standard profiles (p. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard.. 51) Steel parts (p. Icon Description A standard profile.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. Open the Select Profile dialog box. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. 53) Parametric profiles (p. click the Select.

52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. For example. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. See also Profiles (p. and *. environmentspecific profiles. By default. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. select the Show details check box. For concrete parts. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. • To select a recently used profile. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. If you select a parametric profile. Click Modify. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. Click Apply or OK. so you should not edit them. See also Profiles (p. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. Select a profile from the list. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. X. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. /. • To see all the properties of profiles. select the Show all profiles check box.• 3. the profile catalog contains standard. use the Profile name list box. click the button next to the Shape field. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. 6. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. 4. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. See also Profiles (p. See also Profiles (p. • 5. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see.

this tab could contain the maximum grain size. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. partial safety factors. or country-specific properties. or names used in different countries or standards. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. 6.. such as strengths. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. Poisson’s ratio. Click Apply or OK. they can be former names. 5. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To include aliases for material grades in the tree. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. For example. Select a material from the list. next to the Material field. 2. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. Click Select.Materials When you create or modify a part. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. porosity. 3. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. and thermal dilatation coefficient.. select the Show details check box. See also Materials (p. and so on. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. • 4. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. select the Show aliases check box. The Select Material dialog box appears. For example. Click Modify. • To see all the properties of materials. including the modulus of elasticity.

In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. When drawings of the parts are created. text. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p.. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. or lists.. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Attributes can consist of numbers. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. or in projects.

In the Display dialog box. go to the Advanced tab. See also Part properties (p. User-defined fields. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures ..Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. 2. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. and Moment User field 1.. 4. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. 3.4 Connection code Can be used. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. Tension. user-defined attributes. Click Display. See also Part properties (p... Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. Select the Part label check box. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1...

5. b Click Add. Part labels (p. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. If Drag and Drop is switched on. you position it by picking points.2 Part position When you create a part. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. The handle of the first end point is yellow. 6. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. When you select a part. Select the part. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. for example. just drag the part to a new position. 7. Click Modify. See also Part position (p. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. 3. a Select a property in the Properties list. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. 2. The points form the part reference line. Select the handles. Move the part like any other object. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. 56) 3. See also Moving a part using handles (p. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . 58) Part positioning tips (p. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. The Part label dialog box appears. the rest are magenta. Tekla Structures displays the handles. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list.

or Depth offset. For example. Part position (p. Click Display. 3. To change the rotation angle. enter a value in the corresponding box. select the Part reference line check box. use the round selection dial. Click in the Mini Toolbar. to open the Display dialog box. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Click Modify. 4. 2. modify the desired position settings. Plane offset. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. To change the Angle. On the Advanced tab. 3. Click Modify and OK. The object moves in the model accordingly.. Click and drag to select a position. Modify the settings.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1.. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. Hold down Shift to override this. See also Position on the work plane (p. 2.. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. On the Position tab. 2. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. • • • To change the overall position of the part.. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. See also Click View > View Properties.

63) Levels (p. 61) Horizontal position (p. 62) End offsets (p. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line.Rotation (p. 60) Vertical position (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 59) Position depth (p. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . To do this. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 64) Bending (p.

perpendicular to the work plane.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

relative to its reference point. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 .Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part.

Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part. relative to its reference point.

Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 .Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. relative to its reference line. You can enter positive and negative values. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part.

you can enter the positions of the part ends. you must modify their bottom level position. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns).Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Use to define the position of the second end. not at the level you picked. relative to the picked point. To position the upper columns correctly. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. In this example. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end.

The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . Alternatively. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. for example a curved beam. which is relative to the current work plane. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. the less angular the part appears. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.Top level = 1000. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. you need to specify the number of segments. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. You can also define the plane of curvature. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius.

Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) 3. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. See also Creating a steel column (p. 3. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. Click the Create column icon. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 66) Creating a steel beam (p.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 2. Pick the position of the column. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1.

To create a steel polybeam: 1. See also Steel beam properties (p. 3. Click the Create beam icon. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . 3. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 2.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. 4. Pick the end point. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. See also Steel column properties (p. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. Pick the starting point. 218) Levels (p. Click the Create polybeam icon. You can also create bent plates with this command. 2. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the points you want the beam to go through.

3. Click the Create curved beam icon. Pick the starting point. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. To create a contour plate: 1. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .4. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. Double-click the end point. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 2. Pick the end point (3). 5. Pick a point on the arc (2). 5. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the starting point again. See also Steel beam properties (p. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. 106) Steel beam properties (p. 4. 4. 5. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. Pick the starting point (1). Optional: To create curved segments. 3. Click the Create contour plate icon. 2. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. 218) Bending (p.

Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner.. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. 68) Contour plate properties (p. 2.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. Select the plate. See also Creating a contour plate (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . 7. 4. 219) Chamfers (p. 5. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 69) Contour plate properties (p. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. 3. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. 6. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. 2. from the list box. Click Modify. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 3. Pick the position of the beam..

75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. See also Creating an assembly (p. See also Twin profile properties (p. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. To create a twin steel profile: 1.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. or by joining assemblies together. 4. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. 221) 3. Pick the end point. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. You can change the main part in an assembly. 3. Pick the starting point. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. By default.

3. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies.Exploding an assembly (p. 2. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. 76) Assembly examples (p. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Creating an assembly (p. Assemblies (p. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 3. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Assemblies (p. 2. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.

72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 5. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . In the Connect part/assembly list box. 4. 7. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. 6. Using welds to create assemblies (p. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Click Apply or OK. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 3. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. Click Apply or OK. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. 2. 5. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. 6. select As sub-assembly. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. When you connect assemblies. 3. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. select As sub-assembly. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Assemblies (p. You can create workshop welds and site welds. Pick the bolt group origin. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 4. 2. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. In the Connect part/assembly list box. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded.

Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. To work with nested assemblies. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 74) Joining assemblies (p. from single parts and bolts. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. See also Assemblies (p. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. through the basic and sub-assemblies. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts.

Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. and still produce dimensions. 3. 4. 4. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. for all assembly levels. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. 2. etc. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. Select the assembly to add to. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . marks. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. fabrication information. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the part you want to add. Select the assembly to add to. 3. Adding objects to assemblies (p.

3. See also Select the new main assembly. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. Assemblies (p. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. 2. See also Changing the main assembly (p. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . Adding objects to assemblies (p. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 2. 3. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. Select the assemblies you want to join. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. c Select the assembly. 4. 2. Tekla Structures changes the main part. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. You can change the main assembly at any time. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. 2. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the new main part. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. 2.

secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. See also Assemblies (p. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. and then attached to the column in another workshop. To explode an assembly: 1. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. • To only explode the sub-assembly. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu.main part Steel part . right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .main part Concrete . 2. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . always starting from the highest level. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together.

each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. 78) Creating a strip footing (p.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts.Drawing 2. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. Assemblies (p. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . See also Creating a pad footing (p.

Double-click the end point. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 5. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. 2. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. Pick the pad footing position. chamfer the corners of the footing. Click the Create strip footing icon. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. 2. 4. 3. Click the Create concrete column icon. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Pad footing properties (p. See also Strip footing properties (p. 3. 2.Creating a concrete slab (p. Pick the position of the column. Optional: To create curved segments. 3. Click the Create pad footing icon. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties.

Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Optional: To create curved segments. Double-click the end point. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. 3. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Pick the end point.See also Concrete column properties (p. 4. 3. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. Pick the starting point. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. See also Concrete beam properties (p. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. 4. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . chamfer the corners of the polybeam. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 2. 5. Click the Create concrete beam icon.

6. 4. Click the Create concrete slab icon. Click Modify. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. from the list box. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 4. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. Pick the starting point. Pick the starting point again. 5. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Creating a round slab (p. 2. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. To create a concrete slab: 1. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. Pick the corner points of the slab. 3. Select the slab. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. 3. 5. 7. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner.

You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. each part is considered a separate cast unit. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. 104) 3. 5. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. Double-click the end point. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Creating a cast unit (p. Cast units can include reinforcement.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. For example. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. Click the Create concrete panel icon. 3. 4. 225) Chamfers (p. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. 2. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. chamfer the corners of the panel. By default. as well as concrete parts. You can change the main part in a cast unit. Optional: To create curved segments.

Adding objects to cast units (p. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. This applies to anything that is not concrete. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. 3. Adding objects to cast units (p. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 2. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. such as steel parts and insulation. 3. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. 2. Select an object in the cast unit. 4. Cast units (p. See also Cast units (p. 2. 4. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 2. 3. 3. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. Select the new main part. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 83) Casting direction (p. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the objects you want to add.

select Precast or Cast in place.main part Steel part . Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. 2. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 4. Click Modify to save the changes. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. 2. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. Go to the Cast unit tab. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. Cast units (p. 3. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. In the Cast unit type list box. 2. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. Select the objects you want to remove. 2.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit.main part Concrete . 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . Cast units (p. Cast units (p. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 .secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p.

right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. See also Select a concrete part. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. 3. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. To hide the top-in-form face again. Casting direction (p.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. See also Cast units (p. 2. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. Select a concrete part. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. 2. See also Casting direction (p. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1.

116) Splitting parts (p.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. 89) Welds (p. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups.1 Bolts To create bolts. 104) Combining parts (p. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . 91) Surface treatment (p. 85) Holes (p. 117) 4.

to which the secondary parts will be bolted. 2. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. and nuts) while creating holes. 5. Pick a point. 85) Bolt properties (p. 86) Bolt group position (p. Select the main part. 3. Bolts (p. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. 87) Bolt offsets (p. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. Explode the component. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. 227) Bolt group shape (p. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. See also Apply a component. 2. which is the bolt group origin. See also Creating a bolt group (p. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 3.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. 4. Select the secondary parts. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. washers. Modify the bolt group. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. 6. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. 7. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction.

from the bolt group point of origin. in the x direction of the bolt group.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. y coordinate of each bolt. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. in the y direction of the bolt group. from the bolt group point of origin. x coordinate of each bolt. Number of bolts. Diameter of the bolt group.

Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. Bolts (p. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. 2. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. 85) Bolt properties (p. 3. select Array from the Shape list box.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. 5. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Under Bolt group. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. Click Apply to save the changes. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . type 0. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. 4. The starting point values Dx. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. See also Creating a bolt group (p. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. relative to the bolt group x axis.

If you want to create only holes without any bolts. Holes (p. See also Bolts (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. To create round holes: 1. 2.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Click Apply to save the changes. 5. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 .1. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 3. reselect the main and secondary parts. 4. Before creating holes. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 2. Optional: Modify the hole properties. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. If you do not want to create any bolts. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. When prompted. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. 85) 4.

select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. 2. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. For example. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. To indicate which parts should be slotted. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 3. In the Hole type list box. select Slotted. See also Click Apply to save the changes. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. Holes (p. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. 4. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. 8. 5. If you do not want to create any bolts.

or use a component that automatically creates welds. 3. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. 4. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. 3. 2. If you are creating a workshop weld. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. select Oversized. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. 5. Select the part to weld to.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. without connecting any other parts. Holes (p. 86) 4.1. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. In the Oversize field. Select the part to be welded. Optional: Modify the weld properties. 94) Weld preparation (p. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. this is the secondary part of the assembly. 2. If you do not want to create any bolts. In the Hole type list box. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. Click Apply to save the changes. If you are creating a workshop weld. 4. 7. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 6. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. this is the main part of the assembly.

or z). 91) Weld properties (p. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . y. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. See also Creating a weld between parts (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. 229) Weld position (p. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p.

If you are creating a workshop weld. this is the secondary part of the assembly. Select the part to be welded. or alternatively. If you are creating a workshop weld. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. 5. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 2. Pick the starting and end point.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. 3. Select the part to weld to. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . pick the points you want the weld to go through. 4. this is the main part of the assembly. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1.

You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. or alternatively. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .See also Welds (p. See also Welds (p. Select the part that you want to cut. 2. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. or apply a component that does it automatically. without connecting any other parts: 1. 4. Select the part that you want to weld. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. To prevent automatic weld preparation. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. 2. See also Welds (p. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. 3. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. pick the points you want the weld to go through. use the SPD profile. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Pick the starting and end point.

3. When you create overlapping surface treatments. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. Select the cutting part. for example. 94) 4. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part.g. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. surface mixes. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. and tiles. you change the size of a part). TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 .

8. select the specific surface treatment. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. b On the Pattern tab. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. select the location of the surface treatment. Front. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. The options are Middle. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. select the type of surface treatment to use. select Tile surface from the Type list box. 4. See also Surface treatment (p. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part.. 7. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. In the At depth list box.. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. 9. and Behind. to select a material from the catalog. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. 3. In the Type list box. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p.. See also Surface treatment (p. Click the Select. 2. In the Surface treatment name list box. 5. 6. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p.. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment.

96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. b Select the part face. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. b Select the part face. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. 4. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. The faces that you can select appear in blue. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 3. 2. 2. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. 3. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. 4. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 3. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 4. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 2. 2. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. Pick the direction. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. The faces that you can select appear in blue. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to.

The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. bottom. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. left. or right). the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. Adding surface treatment to parts (p.5. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p.

The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. To create new surface treatment options: 1.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users. The file is located in the .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder.. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Open the product_finishes. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p.dat file using any text editor. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 .

MF for Magnesium Float. a Define the surface treatment type. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". For example. 1 for concrete finish. The file is located in the . 4. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. Magnesium Float. See also Add rows to define new options. Open the TilePatternCatalog.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2.xml file using any text editor. Save the file. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. See also Surface treatment (p. For example. 2. 100) Example pattern definition (p. Surface treatment (p. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. For example. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

xml file.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. 4. Tiled surface treatment (p. 3. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. Save the TilePatternCatalog. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. 100) Example pattern definition (p. Other elements are optional. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p.xml file. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. and then modify it to suit your needs.

You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.xml file. starting from the origin of the surface treatment.Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder.xml file. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. herringbone. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type. Filenames identify the pattern types. TilePatternCatalog. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. Located in the . Located in the . 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 .dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. For example. 103) Tile pattern elements (p.. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog.xml file. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p..xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions.

Required. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. Tile pattern element. Required. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. The origin of an individual tile. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. steel and concrete polybeams. 116) Splitting parts (p. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. Optional. At least one required. Optional. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). See also Tiled surface treatment (p.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. 108) Cuts (p. 100) 4. See also Chamfers (p. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. 115) Combining parts (p. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. defined from the origin of the pattern. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Color of the tile or mortar. Required. 104) Fittings (p. and manufacturing reasons. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. Optional. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. Required.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. and concrete panels). 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. In Tekla Structures. practical. concrete slabs. 113) Cambering parts (p. Optional.

Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. Modify the chamfer properties. Double-click the handle of any part corner. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. Chamfers (p. 5. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. Click Modify.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 3. 4. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. You can modify the default chamfers. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 2. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . See also Select the part. which does not change the geometry of the part. 105) Chamfering part edges (p.

Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. 105) Polybeam chamfers By default. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. You can modify the default chamfers. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

3. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. 5. b Modify the chamfer properties. Select the part you want to chamfer. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 .Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the chamfer. 2. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. See also Chamfering part corners (p. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color.

232) Chamfers (p. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. which makes it easier to create connections. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. 4. perpendicular to the view plane. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. 2. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. which passes through the cutting line you pick. 104) Creating a fitting (p. and so on. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. 3. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . c Click OK.6. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. details. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. Pick the first point of the cutting line.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . see Fittings affect NC data. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. See also Fittings (p. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. use the Cut Part commands instead. In situations like this.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. For more information on how to change this. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. You must create cuts in a plane view. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting.

110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. You can cut parts that already have cuts. for example. This can be useful. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges.

Select the part you want to cut. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. Cuts (p. 3. 5.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. 4. To close the polygon. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . 2. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. See also Cuts (p. 4. 3. For example. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. Pick the second point of the cutting line. To cut a part with a line: 1. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. 5. 109) Polygon cuts (p. Pick the side you want to remove. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. 109) Line cuts (p. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. 2. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. Select the part you want to cut. Pick the first point of the cutting line.

109) Part cuts (p. 3). 3. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. Select the cutting part. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. Select the part you want to modify. Pick the corner to remove (5). Delete the cutting part. 6. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. To cut a part with another part: 1. contour plates. Pick another existing corner (4). concrete slabs. 2.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. 2. The part cut does not affect other parts. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Alternatively. and strip footings. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 4. See also Cuts (p. Pick an existing corner (1). concrete panels. 3. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. 5. 4.

enter the angle of the beam at its end point. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. 2. In the Start field. relative to the part reference line. Move the chamfers. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. 4. Click Modify to warp the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. 5. For example. use the dz1 field. relative to the part reference line. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. 6. Modify the chamfer properties. In the End field. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. 2. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. Fine-tuning part shape (p. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. 3. Click OK to close the dialog box.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. use the dz2 field. Click Modify to warp the slab. • 3. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Go to the Deforming tab.

• The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. 6. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. and go to the Deforming tab. In the Move . type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. Click Move.Linear dialog box. 4. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. 8. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. For example. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. type a value in the appropriate direction field. Click OK to close the dialog box. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. 5. See also Warping concrete parts (p. which warps the slabs. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. Select the chamfer you want to move. To see the warping angle of a single slab. 2. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. For example.4. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. 7.

115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. in other words. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. skews. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. 3. Cambering affects the position of cuts. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. In the Cambering field. 2. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. including the template output. and embeds in the model. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. Cambering parts (p. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 4.See also Warping concrete parts (p. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. 104) Cambering a part (p. Click Modify. define the degree of camber. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. Go to the Deforming tab. When drawings are created. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 .

116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. For example. 3. 3. 2. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. 4. In the Shortening field. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. When you select the parts you want to combine. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. 4. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. 2. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. In the Shortening field. Go to the Deforming tab.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. Go to the Deforming tab. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. Click Modify. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. See also Combining two parts into one (p. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. Click Modify. enter a negative value. define the degree of shortening. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 115) 4.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations.

When you combine parts. 2. Combining parts (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups.1. 3. You cannot split polybeams. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. See also Combining parts (p. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. Click Edit > Combine. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. 2. Select the first part. 3. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. Select the part you want to attach.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. curved beams without offsets. You can use splitting with straight parts. Select the part to attach to. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. 116) 4. Select the second part.

117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Click Edit > Split. 2. 3. Pick a point for the dividing line. If you split contour plates that have bolts. check the result after splitting. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. Splitting parts (p. Select the part you want to split. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. Select the part you want to split. and on the same side of the part.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. Click Edit > Split. See also Splitting parts (p. 4. 2. 3. welds or surface treatments.

To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. You can use a mouse. 128) Visualizing project status (p. 135) Checking the model (p. 122) Flying through the model (p. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. 142) 5. See also Zooming the model (p. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. Scroll forward to zoom in. 119) Inquiring the model (p. keyboard shortcuts. you can move and rotate the model. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. 121) Moving the model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . 119) Rotating the model (p. and backward to zoom out.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. or pull out for a wider view. or a combination of both.

Create a zoom window. If this option is off. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. select Wire frame. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. press Page Down.If you do not have a wheel mouse. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. b In the View type list box. Zooming the model (p. See also Viewing the model (p. For more information on each command. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. c Click Modify. 2. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. 2. Open a wire frame view of the model. Place the mouse pointer over the model. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . • See also To zoom out. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. press Page Up. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p.

Click the Magnifier icon. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views.e 3. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. keyboard shortcuts. and then drag the pointer to size the window. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. To rotate the model. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . To change the level of magnification. zoom in and out in the zoom window. See also Zooming the model (p. As you move the pointer in the general view. menu commands. In wire frame views. 4.

Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Press Ctrl + R. Click Modify. 213) Viewing the model (p. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. 2. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. press v.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Define a specific rotation angle 1. To relocate the center of rotation. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Pick a position in the view. 3. 2. See also Rotation settings (p. For more information on each command. 2. and then pick a position in the view. 2. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 3.

• To change the flying direction. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . Move the model using the Pan command 1. To change the camera angle. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. Set view projection to Perspective. 3. To activate the middle button pan. Click View > Fly. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. c Click OK.. 3. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. 4. drag the mouse in the desired direction. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. You can also adjust the field of view setting. > Model View. Use the up. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. • • To move up or down. Select a view. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. down. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. left and right arrows on the keyboard. 2. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. b In the Projection list box. 2. 5. you can travel through a model. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 2. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. scroll with the mouse wheel. The mouse pointer changes to a hand.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. To fly through a model: 1. c Click Modify. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. press Esc. The arrow indicates the current flying direction.. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. To stop panning. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. or Shift+M. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. select Perspective.

6. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. To stop flying. 5. Click View > Create Clip Plane. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. or the entire Tekla Structures window.• 6. To move a clip plane. brochures. Select a plane. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Viewing the model (p. press Esc. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. To finish creating clip planes. view. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. You can use screenshots in posters. See also To delete a clip plane. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. To create a clip plane: 1.. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view.. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. press Esc. 2. 2. 4.

Select Place on clipboard. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels.. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. select View. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. Under Capture. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. 4. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. select Rendered view. 125) Screenshot settings (p. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . 2. To capture the active view.bmp format.. Click Options. 3. See also Creating a screenshot (p. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. select Main Frame. 7. select Dialog.3.. Click Capture. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears.. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (.bmp) format to use it. Click Capture. select View without Borders. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. as a custom component thumbnail. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p.. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. click Pick view and select a view.. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 2. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. Creating a screenshot (p. for example. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista.png) files. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. To print a screenshot: 1. To capture the active view without borders. 4. Creating a screenshot (p. 5. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. 6. Set the desired properties and click OK.

2.. By default. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . For more information on how to use templates. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. Select a part..rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. See also Inquiring the model (p. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. See also Inquiring object properties (p. within the model.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs. weight. see the Template Editor user documentation. 2.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. or a group of objects. To inquire object properties: 1. See also Inquiring object properties (p. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. Select an object. 126) Object property report templates (p. See also Inquiring the model (p. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. and length of the selected model object.5. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. the tool shows the total area. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly..rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit.

. Click Manage contents. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. By default. • To modify the calculated attributes.config file in any standard text editor. • To change the order of the attributes. or MIN) from the list box. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool.. Change the position number of the new attribute. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. • See also To change the formula of an attribute.. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. • To remove attributes from the tool window. For example. -. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1.. MAX. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. 2. and /) to form equations. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes.lst file located in the .config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button.. 3. 3.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder..Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window.config file in the .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. 2. Open the InquiryTool. *. The Manage Contents dialog box appears... the file contains 65 attributes. use the Up and Down buttons. click Edit. • 4. click Add…. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. • To add more attributes to the tool window.. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. Use the InquiryTool. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. To modify the default attributes. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. The file is located in the . edit the InquiryTool. AVERAGE. • To create new calculated attributes... The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 .config file: 1.

Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. to open the Display dialog box. Save the file. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. 3. Showing and hiding objects (p. Modify the NAME. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. UNIT. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. 132) Object representation settings (p. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. 132) Object groups (p. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. When you redraw a view. DISPLAY_NAME.. 128) Hiding selected parts (p.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. 128) Display settings (p.. 216) Representation options In rendered views. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. 126) 5. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects.4. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. 6. Click Display. 2. For example.lst file. 5. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 128) Representation options (p. DATATYPE. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1.

In this example. i. i.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. parts are transparent. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . surfaces are not. component objects are displayed as Rendered. and their surfaces are shaded. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent.e. Parts are transparent. Example In this example. underlying parts are not visible.e. component objects are displayed as Rendered.

hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. for example. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed.5 and Shift+1.. The parts are shown as sticks. 2. Other parts are almost completely transparent. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. This option is useful. Click View > Hide Part.. i. for example. Showing and hiding objects (p. To hide selected parts: 1.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. parts are not transparent. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines.. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. To completely hide the parts. • • See also To make the parts visible again. 3. Select the parts you want to hide.e. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p. when viewing clash check results in a large model. This can be useful. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view.

128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. Click View > Redraw All. and other details belonging to the assembly. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. fittings. 4. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. 3. Right-click and select Redraw View. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . cuts. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. bolts. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. Select the assembly you want to hide. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. To clear the exact lines effect.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. To make the parts visible again. Showing and hiding objects (p. To show the unselected parts as sticks. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. To completely hide the unselected parts. 2. 2. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. 2. See also Select the part. click View > Redraw All. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. Tekla Structures displays all parts. The unselected parts become almost transparent. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. welds. Showing and hiding objects (p. Hide an assembly 1. To display a part with exact lines: 1. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. 3.

to open the Object Representation dialog box.. and Condition list boxes. d Add more rows. Select the component you want to hide.Representation dialog box. 128) Refreshing views (p.See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Modify the object group settings. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 3. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. and other details belonging to the component. 128) Creating an object group (p. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. type a value or select one from the model. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. 4. to open the Object Group . a Click Add row. welds. 2. Click View > Redraw All. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. b Select options from the Category. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. c In the Value list box.. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. Property.. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. 2. 133) Deleting an object group (p.. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Right-click and select Redraw View. 128) Refreshing views (p. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Click Object group. 133) Visualizing project status (p.

Restart Tekla Structures. For example. 2. • To make an object group available in all models. Select where you want to copy the object group. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. Restart Tekla Structures. Select the object group you want to copy. Object groups (p.PObjGrp. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 6. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. • To make an object group available in another model.PObjGrp. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . and they have the file name extension *. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. 2. Object groups (p. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. Click Save as to save the object group. See also Object groups (p. copy the file to the system folder. 3.5. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. Object groups have the file name extension *.

If an object belongs to several object groups. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . To create object representation settings: 1. Click Add row. 9. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. 8.. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. 4. 128) Creating object representation settings (p.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. 3. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. 7. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. 2. 6. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model.. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 5. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings.

See also Creating a visualization (p. copy them to the system folder. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. Object representation settings (p. Restart Tekla Structures. 2. See also Object representation settings (p. 133) Color settings (p. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1.rep. • To make the settings available in all models. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Select where you want to copy the settings. 133) 5. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. See also Object representation settings (p. 3. To create project status visualizations. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. or OK. 2.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame.rep. For example. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. 213) Transparency settings (p. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . Object representation settings have the file name extension *. • To make the settings available in another model. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. Restart Tekla Structures.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. and they have the file name extension *. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. Apply.

4d. c Define the length of the time step. 4. copy them to the system folder. 6. Select where you want to copy the settings. Restart Tekla Structures. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button.. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. To view the visualization in the model. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. 3. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Select the visualization settings you want to copy.rep) and object group files (*. 5. Modify the visualization settings. Visualizing project status (p. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 2. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. • To make the settings available in another model. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 2.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. • To make the settings available in all models. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. click the step buttons. See also Visualizing project status (p.4d.. a In the Object representation list box. select one of the predefined object representation settings. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. and they have the file name extension *. 2. 4. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. See also Visualizing project status (p. Restart Tekla Structures. 3. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1.

you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. After that. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared.. On the Status tab. The Select Date dialog box appears. 2. 3. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. Click View > Representation > Object representation. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. Finally. To define an erection schedule: 1. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. a In the Category list box. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. 5. select Select date. select Object. d In the Value list box. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. To make it easier to select parts.. See also Visualizing project status (p.In the following example. c In the Condition list box. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Click Object group. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date.. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. 8..Representation dialog box. e Select Review date and click OK. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. To create the object group: 1. 7. select Earlier than or equal. select INSTALL_PLAN. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . 4.. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model.. See also Click Modify. 3. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. Click User-defined attributes. 6. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. to open the Object Group .. b In the Property list box. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. 2. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. Visualizing project status (p.

. to open the Object Representation dialog box.. c In the Color list box. you will create project status visualization settings. plan_same_or_before_review_date.. enter a name for the group. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. 138). a Click Add row. 5. For example. select Visible. To create object representation settings: 1. Click Save as. select the object group All. In the box next to the Save as button. See also Object representation settings (p. 3. 2. enter a name for the object representation settings. In the Object representation list box.4. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. d In the Transparency list box. For example. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. select Color by class. 137). select Color by class. In the box next to the Save as button. d In the Transparency list box. select the object group you just created. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. Click Save as. In the box next to the Save as button. 4. 4. 3. enter a name for the visualization. b In the Object group list box. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box.. 7. select Hidden. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. 2. c In the Color list box. scheduled_erection_date. 5. Define the length of the time step. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. 6. b In the Object group list box. 132) Visualizing project status (p. a Click Add row. 5. See also Object groups (p. 133) Visualizing project status (p. To create visualization settings: 1. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p.

The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . Click Load. 2.See also Visualizing project status (p.. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. In the list box next to the Load button. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. To view the visualization in the model. 138). click the step buttons. 3. 4.. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. it is useful to check the model for errors.5 Checking the model When the model is complete. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 143) Detecting clashes (p. 149) Finding distant objects (p. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. See also Measuring objects (p. 135) 5.

143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. 4. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. Pick the center point. Select a part. Pick the end point. 3. 143) Measuring angles (p. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. 3. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. 4. 5. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. Pick the starting point. Select a bolt group. Pick the starting point. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . Measuring objects (p. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. Pick the end point. To measure bolt spacing: 1. 2. 2. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. see the corresponding menu tooltip. See also Measuring distances (p.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. For more information on each command. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. Measuring objects (p. 3. the distance between two points and between bolts. 2. All measurements are temporary.

148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. or reference model objects that collide. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. bolts. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p.See also Measuring objects (p. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model.

If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. If colliding objects are found. or stop checking. You can continue working during the clash check. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. select a row in the clash check log. 3. Select the objects you want to check. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. 2. To locate the colliding objects. you can choose whether to continue checking.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. Click Tools > Clash Check.

145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. modified. When the clash check is complete. 2. resolved. or missing. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. 2. To see which properties have an effect. Clash Check Manager (p. 4. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. In the model. Click to check the objects.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. double-click a row. A check mark it is visible. if the profile has changed). Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. The clash is not new. See also To highlight a clash in the model. 5. right-click one of the column headings. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. select a row in the list of clashes. 1. When you re-run clash check. If the object has been modified (for example. 3. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. You can continue working during the clash check. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Only certain object properties affect this flag. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1.

2. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. Click OK. 3. Click . the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. select the clashes whose status you want to change. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. In Clash Check Manager. select a session. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. . TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 .Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. In Clash Check Manager. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. In the Open dialog box. 3. 2. 2. See also Clash Check Manager (p. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. 3. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model.

3. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. Click In the Save As dialog box. Click Save. go to the Clash check page. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1.00. Modify the bolt clearance values. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. In the File name box. By default. If the fields are empty. 2. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1.. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. Save as... 4. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . Click Apply or OK. See also Clash Check Manager (p. If you clear the check boxes. In the Options dialog box. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt.To Save the active session Do this Click . you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. 5. 2. icon. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . the clearance will be zero. 5. Click Tools > Options > Options. enter a new name. 3.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. such as plates. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. . concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. For example. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. When you run numbering. 154) Family numbers (p. If you do this. P1002. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). To save time. P1003. Planning your numbering series (p. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. Example For example.. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number.. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1.

to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. 3. they get unique qualifier numbers. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . This can be used. See also Defining numbering series (p. 2. for example. and then click Add. Under Compare.1.. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. define a part prefix and a start number. 4. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. go to the Cast unit tab. 2. 4. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. Click Modify. Go to the Family numbering tab. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. 3. b Select a numbering series from the list. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number.. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Under Numbering series. However. Defining numbering series (p. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. When you use family numbering.

ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. 6. 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip.. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. If you do not select any check boxes. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. 155) Clearing numbers (p. If you select all the check boxes. 161) 6. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps.. Update numbering in the model. If a series overlaps another. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. 5. 7. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Click Apply. c Click Apply or OK. 4. Click Assign. See also Family numbers (p. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. b Modify the settings. clear the existing numbers. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. 2. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. only one family number per series is assigned.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. but not all of them..Select at least one check box. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all.. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. Family numbers (p. For more information on each command. See also Defining numbering series (p.

See also Numbering objects (p. The default start number is 1. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. In this case you should renumber the parts. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. However. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. However. 159) Clearing numbers (p. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes.See also Numbering settings (p. 158) Changing numbers (p. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. The prefix varies based on the part type. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. for example. the x coordinate. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. 158) Control numbers (p. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. If you add new parts. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 .

For example. their z coordinates are also compared. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). Example In the following example. if First direction is -X. the sort order is X Y Z. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. See also Numbering objects (p. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. With negative directions (such as -X). 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. and Third direction is Z. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. their y coordinates are also compared. When you assign control numbers. Numbering objects (p. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. Second direction is Y. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. 2. See also Select the parts.

and then click Create. 5. 8. number the model. select the parts. a In the Start number of control numbers field. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. do not select any parts.. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. do not select any parts in the model. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. multi-position. b In the Step value field. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . or family numbers after you run numbering. In the Status list box. specify which parts get control numbers. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. 8. or specific parts. Click Apply. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. Click Apply. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. and then click Create. define the interval. In the Renumber list box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. 7. This command does not change the numbering series. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. To only consider specific parts.. 158) Control number settings (p. select the parts in the model.. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. • To consider all parts in the model. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. In the Numbering list box. assembly. For example. Indicate which parts to consider. 6. 11. 4. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. See also Control numbers (p. etc. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. 4. • 3. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. 2. 2. to assign the control numbers 2. Define the control numbers to be used.See also Numbering objects (p. See also Control numbers (p. 3. 5. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. type the first control number to be used.

This is for information only and the number is still changed. see the corresponding menu tooltip. If the number you specified is already in use. To create a standard-part model: 1. Click Assign.1. 2. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. Next time you run numbering. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . For more information on each command. Set the desired properties. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. See also Numbering objects (p. 4. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. 3. This functionality only applies to steel parts. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. To clear the position numbers: 1. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. See also Numbering objects (p. For more information on each command. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. Select an object.

Delete all unnecessary items. 7. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. See also Numbering objects (p. especially before producing drawings or reports.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. 5.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History.. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. Number the model. 11.For example. StandardParts. STD1... Explode all components... > Numbering. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . See also Numbering objects (p. 156) 6. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. 2. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. 156) 6. Open another model. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. and so on). 13. 12.. 4... Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. If you have selected the Part name check box. 10. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. Save the standard-part model. For information on how to interpret the log file. see Numbering history log. STD2. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 9.. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. 8.

see the corresponding menu tooltip. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. 4. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. 3. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number.2. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. 5. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 159) 6. To number identical beams: 1. 6. All the beams have the part position number P1. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Number the model. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. Unless you want to repair the entire model.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. 4. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. 156) Changing numbers (p. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. See also Numbering objects (p. Number the model. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. 2. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. Number the model. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. 5. Modify one of the beams. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others.

Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. but each pair has a different length. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. and each pair has the same length.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. but the holes are different. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. The parts have the same main profile. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. All beams have the same profile. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example.

10. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. and then click Apply. 7. 2. Select one of the anchor rods in the model.. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. 3. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Before you start. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. and then click Apply. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. divide the model into phases. and another one for steel columns. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. 5. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 4.. 9. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. 6. Select the Column orientation check box. Select one of the steel columns in the model. Create steel columns. 8. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. To number parts in selected phases: 1. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. After the anchor rod numbering is complete.

Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. 6. and then click Apply. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. 4. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 5. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Select the parts you want to number. Select one of the parts you want to number. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . 3. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. Modify the numbering settings.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000.. 7. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2.. For example. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering.

Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. 164) General numbering settings (p. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication.

and erection sequences. 172) Lotting (p.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . 171) Sequences (p. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. 174) Parametric modeling (p. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. for example. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. and categorize object types. 167) Phases (p.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. You can classify information according to your needs. 181) 7. based on purchasing contracts. lots.

You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 168) Creating object type categories (p. See also Creating logical areas (p.

select the objects you want to add to an object type category.. In large projects. In Model Organizer. 3. In the model. 2.. a Right-click Logical Areas. Create object type categories. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. Select a section or story in Model Organizer.. Click Tools > Model Organizer. Create a path structure. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). See also Organizing the model (p. 4. c Click New Section. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. 4. 3.. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . 2. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s).To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. You can also create subtypes for object types. a Right-click Object Types. right-click the selected section or story. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. Organizing the model (p. and select Add Selected to Category. To make it easier to view and select parts. 5. Click Tools > Model Organizer. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1.. See also In Model Organizer. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. b Click New Object Type. b Click New Building. select the area for the section or the story. d Click New Story. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. In the model..

do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. 1. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 3. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Right-click and select Remove from Category. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 1. 2. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. See also Organizing the model (p. Drag the category to another location. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. To show all objects again. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. 2. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. Drag the objects to another category. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. 1. 2. 2. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . 1.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Select the new area in the model. 2. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. To show all objects again. See also Organizing the model (p. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. 3. Select the objects in the model.

4. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. Click Add to create new phases. for example. This is phase 1. 3.).. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. 2. select the objects. 167) 7. hide objects.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. and then click Modify phase. 3. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. From now on. 5.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . You then copy this basic model to all users. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. the columns. Organizing the model (p. 171) Custom phase properties (p. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. a To identify the phase of an object. Divide the model into phases. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. 3. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. and copy objects from other models. First create a basic model that includes. Right-click and select Delete. select a phase from the list. You can create reports and views. Click Tools > Phase Manager. 2. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. c Phases (p. Click OK to save your changes. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. Click OK to confirm. When a part of the model is completed. 4.. etc. select an object and click Phases by objects. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties.. according to their phase number. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. For example.. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1.. See also Dividing the model into phases (p.

3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. 4. the second part number 2. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. To create a new sequence: 1. use the syntax PHASE. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. Creating a sequence (p. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. "0. You can define several sequences for different purposes. integer. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p.inp file. d Restart Tekla Structures. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". 5. MY_INFO_1. For example. For example. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. and so on. "%d". Click Apply.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box.inp file. add a new user-defined attribute.inp file. See also Phases (p.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. b In the Part attributes section. c Save the file. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . no. a Open the objects. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. and the field_format must be %d. To use phase properties in reports and templates.inp file in any standard text editor. 3. "My Info 1". none. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. Type a name for the sequence. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. The value_type must be integer. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. To finish adding parts to the sequence. If you click Yes. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers.0") 2.0". The first part gets the sequence number 1. "0. 6. 171) 7. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc.

Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 4. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. 2.. Click Modify. For example.. Click OK or Apply. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. To check the sequence of a part: 1. Modify the sequence number. 5. MY_INFO_1. Select a sequence name from the list. Select a part. you must redefine the whole sequence. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. See also Sequences (p. Click Tools > Sequencer. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. 2. 3. 2. 4. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. To finish adding parts to the sequence.. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 .. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1..See also Sequences (p. For example: See also Sequences (p. If the sequence changes. Click User-defined attributes. See also Sequences (p. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. 3. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.

Sequences (p. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle.2. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. 3. 3. 5. length. the weight is based on the size. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. Click Properties. 2. In that case. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. Type a lot number in the Number field. When you define lots. 172) 7. For example. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Click Add. 175) Sequences (p. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box.. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. 6.. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. With this information. Click Delete and then click Yes. 4. However. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). See also Creating a lot (p. See also Select a sequence name from the list. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. For example. 175) Deleting a lot (p.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. To view the properties of a part. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. and material of the part.. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. For most model parts.. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. See also Lotting (p. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p.

3. See also Lotting (p. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. If you simply select parts. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. Lotting (p. 4. Lotting (p. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. Click Apply selected. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. Click Properties. Select an existing lot from the list. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. 5. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Click Delete. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. When you hold down Shift. Select an existing lot from the list. 4. 2. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. When you re-open the dialog box. Click Apply selected. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. 5. 4. To add parts to a lot: 1. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. 3. 3. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot.. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot.. 2. Select an existing lot from the list. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 .Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. 2.

5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric.7. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. such as the name of a column. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. For example. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . so that when you move the wall. the column follows. including its geometry. between model objects. They can also include formulas. location and relationship to other parts. such as a beam or column. or relationships. Create dependencies. Variables can define fixed properties. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

176) Parametric profiles (p. and how to use them in a model. and the Variables dialog box.. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p.See also Parametric modeling (p. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.. 2. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 53) 7. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor.. Open a Tekla Structures model. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. the Sketch Browser.

The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. tree-like structure. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. and vice versa. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. circles. arcs. 182) Variables (p. constraints. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical.See also Sketch Browser (p. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. dimensions.

. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. Variables can define fixed properties. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. or they can include formulas.. arcs. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. 1. Lines. or 2) and thickness of the sketch. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . 1=Line .

185) Sketching a circle (p. See also Sketching a polyline (p. To sketch a polyline: 1. 184) Sketching an arc (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. arcs.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. and circles. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Ensure that you create a closed shape. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. Open the cross section sketch editor. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. 4. Pick points to create each line segment. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. 2. such as a cold rolled section. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100.

Open the cross section sketch editor. To sketch a circle: 1. Pick three points to define the arc. 2. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). To sketch an arc: 1. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 2. 4.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. Open the cross section sketch editor. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points.

187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. Select a line in the sketch (1). 189) Deleting a constraint (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. To add a parallel constraint: 1. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. close the shape. Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. For example. create 90 degree angles. force lines to meet. Select another line in the sketch (2). 3. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. Although the shape is locked. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. you can still rotate the profile in the model. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. To straighten the entire profile. you can straighten lines. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. and add chamfers in corners.

186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . Select another line in the sketch (2). Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. The lines do not have to intersect. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. by extending or shortening one or both lines. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. if they are within a certain distance of each other. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. 3.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select a line in the sketch (1). Before you start. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. The lines do not have to intersect.

Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal.1. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 4. See also Select a line in the sketch. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. Pick the end of the second line. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 3. To add a fixed constraint: 1. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. 2). Pick the end of the first line (1). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 2. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.

186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. 3. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2). Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. To add a vertical constraint: 1. 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. Select the constraint you want to delete. 4. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. Click Refresh.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 .

192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. if you create the dimension marked in red. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. Select the arc or circle. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. To add a radial dimension: 1. In the following example. Before you start.

See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). To add an angle dimension: 1. 3. Before you start. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select the first line (1). To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . between two points you pick. 3. Select the second line (2). Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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4. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. To revert to the default positioning planes. 3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Change the Value field. 3. Select the part positioning planes. 2. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click to show the connection positioning planes. 4. 2. 3. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . 2. Click to show the part positioning planes. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Select the connection positioning planes. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. Click Modify.

Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb.db1 file. 2. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. 2. To save a sketched cross section. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. special characters. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. Type a new name in the Prefix field. or blank spaces in the cross section name. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. and then click OK. You cannot include numbers. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. 5. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .bin file. for example. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. Click Save sketch . 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. 2. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Update an existing cross section 1. Type a name in the Prefix field. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. Click Save sketch as . which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. and then click OK. Click Save sketch . 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1.4.

See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. For example. 2. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. Click OK to close the dialog box. To modify a chamfer: 1. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. 6. See also next to their name. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. Click Modify. 2. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. 4. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. you can create rounded cross section corners. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric.. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Double-click an object to modify its properties. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Modify the object properties. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. 4.. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. 3. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 7. such as a cold rolled section. Close the object properties dialog box. 5. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. 5.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. Modifying a sketched cross section (p.

In the cross section sketch editor. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. or 2) after =. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. sketch an open polyline. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. the profile grows inwards. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. or symmetrically in both directions. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. Type the value of the thickness after =. 1. In the Sketch Browser. P1).To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. b Type the extrusion type number (0. depending on the extrusion type. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . outwards. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 2. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. 4. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. define the default value for the parameter variable. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. In the Formula column. P1) after =. 3. When you change the thickness. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p.

Optional: If the cross section is parametric. See also For concrete parts. click the button next to the Shape field. click the Select. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. • For steel parts. button next to the Profile field. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. 7. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. Click OK to apply the changes. 5.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline.. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. 6. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 4. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. 2. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. • 3. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . you are ready to use it in the model. Pick points to place the part in the model. If you have applied constraints correctly.

The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. Open the cross section sketch editor. 5. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. Use the cross section name as the filename.. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. 3. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view.bmp.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. for example Microsoft Paint. Save the image in bmp format in the . for example.uel).\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. 4.. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. 2. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. mysketch. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. 201) Creating a screenshot (p.

4. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. Click OK. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. 3. 8. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it.uel). from the pop-up menu. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. In the Export Components dialog box.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. 4.. Select the file to import. 5..bin file. Select the cross sections you want to export. 7.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. you need to import both the cross section and profile. browse for the folder. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. To import sketched cross sections: 1. 2. Select Sketched profiles from the list. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog... from the pop-up menu. To use profiles from a model. 6. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. To export several cross sections. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. 7. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . 3. 6. In the component list. Click OK. or copy the profdb. select Sketched profiles from the list box. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. 5. To automatically import all *. Right-click and select Export. By default. right-click and select Import. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 2. In the Import Components dialog box.

See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. 2. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. After that. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. At this stage. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. When you use the profile in the model. you will use the cross section in a model. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. Finally. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. Open the cross section sketch editor. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example.

198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. 4. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p.3. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 181) Sketching a polyline (p. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 .

183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. h2. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. In the Variables dialog box. Save the cross section. h1. enter the following values for the distances: 4. 198) Variables (p. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1.2. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. and 3. and h2. 5. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. command to create the distances h1.

b In the Formula box. Variables (p. enter 20. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. d In the Label in dialog box box. In the Sketch Browser. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. c In the Visiblity box. 183) Sketch Browser (p. In the Variables dialog box. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. and then enter =P1. do the following: . select Show. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. b Right-click ExtrusionType. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. c In the Visiblity box. select Show. In the Variables dialog box. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. b In the Formula box. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . a Right-click Thickness.1. enter Chamfer.00. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. d In the Label in dialog box box. 2. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. 2.00. 3. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. enter 10. See also Save the cross section. enter Thickness.

click the Select. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 5. 4. • For steel parts. See also Save the cross section. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. and then enter =P2. Pick points to place the part in the model. 6. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. • 3.. 199) Variables (p. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. 5. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. For concrete parts. button next to the Profile field. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p.. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and select the CSHAPE profile.4. 2. 183) Sketch Browser (p. click the button next to the Shape field. Open the Select Profile dialog box. Click OK to apply the changes. b Right-click Chamfer X. In the Sketch Browser. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box.

198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 .See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p.

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

212) Rotation settings (p. 213) Color settings (p. 227) Numbering settings (p. 215) Part properties (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. See also Grid properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 217) Detail properties (p. 212) Point properties (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 214) Screenshot settings (p. 211) View settings (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. 211) Grid line properties (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 233) 8.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings.

elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above.. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Grid lines (p.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. Option Phase The phase number. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. Select to bind objects to the grid line. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. z is absolute). 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point.. and z directions (x and y are relative. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . You can filter objects by their phase numbers. and z directions.. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line.. Select to bind objects to grid lines. Grids (p. y.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . See also X . y.

Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. The local (work plane) and global x. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. The rotation angle between the original and new position. You can filter objects by their ID numbers. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. Indicates the correct location of the point. y. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. Coordinates See also Points (p. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. Defines the number of copies created. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. Option As is The current color is used. which is used in log files. See also Object representation settings (p.Option Id The ID number.Rotate and Move . 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. All parts are colored according to their Class property. and z coordinates of a point.

Places the screenshot on the clipboard. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. the settings will be read from that object group. Option As is The current visibility. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. Object representation settings (p... Object is transparent in rendered views.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. The height of the screenshot. Object is not shown in the views. The Options. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. There are limitations to pixel density. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Sets the line width. Saves the screenshot to a file. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling.

Opens the Object Group . or fly through it. 215) Grid view properties (p. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. The appearance of the model in the view. When you zoom. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. the zoom remains on part surfaces. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. 215) Display settings (p. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation.. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. See also Views (p. Visible object group Object group. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties.See also Creating a screenshot (p. In addition.. Which object group is displayed in the view.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 ... Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. The projection type of rendered views. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones.. text and point size remains the same. You can zoom. Display..2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. Rotation is view-specific. See also View properties (p. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. 124) 8. rotate the model. as do text and points.

Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. Exact shows bolts. e. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. Reference line shows parts as sticks. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. See also Creating grid views (p. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. This option increases display speed significantly. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties.. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. This name overrides the name in the view properties. but skips cuts. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. PLAN +3000. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. Some of these settings may affect system performance. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and nuts as solids. If the View name prefix field is left empty. None does not create any views. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction.. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. Exact displays the cuts. no prefix is used. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. The Show. button displays the current view properties. Each view plane has its own view properties. when viewing the entire model. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. or large parts of it.g. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. washers.

This option is only available in wire frame views. 223) Concrete column properties (p. When using this option. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. Exact shows holes as solids. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. 225) Concrete slab properties (p.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. 220) Twin profile properties (p. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. 222) Strip footing properties (p. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). 128) 8. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. See also Steel column properties (p. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. Point size Defines the size of points in views. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 218) Steel beam properties (p. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 221) Pad footing properties (p. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . 218) Contour plate properties (p. In view does not increase the point size.

Warping. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. relative to its reference point. or curved beam.prt.g. and shortening of the column. For example. The user-definable name of the column. relative to its reference point.clm. The analysis properties of the column. How the column is rotated around its axis. steel polybeam. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. Creating a steel column (p. The material of the column. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. cambering. The assembly mark series of the column. The design information of the column. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. and to identify parts of the same type. Class Used to group columns. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . fire retardant coating. with anti-corrosive paint. etc.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. hot galvanized. The support conditions of the column ends. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Finish is user-definable. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. The horizontal position of the column. The type of finish. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. e. The position of the column.

The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. and to identify parts of the same type.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. The assembly mark series of the beam. Finish is user-definable. etc. cambering. The material of a beam. with anti-corrosive paint. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. The finish type. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . For example. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam.cpl. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. The support conditions of the beam ends. The user-definable name of a beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. and shortening of the beam.g. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. hot galvanized. The position of a beam on the work plane. Class Used to group beams. Creating a steel beam (p. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The analysis properties of the beam. The position of a beam. e. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The loading properties of the beam. The design information of the beam. Warping. fire retardant coating. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane.

The user-definable name of the contour plate. perpendicular to the work plane. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The finish type. The user-definable name of the beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. The material of the contour plate. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. hot galvanized. The format is PL+ thickness.crs. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate.g. and to identify parts of the same type. For example. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. The material of the beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. with anti-corrosive paint. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. and to identify parts of the same type. Finish is user-definable. for example PL20. The position of the contour plate. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The analysis properties of the contour plate. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The design information of the contour plate. etc. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The spanning properties of the plate. fire retardant coating. e. Profile The profile of the contour plate. The assembly mark series of the beam. Profile Material The profile of the beam. in terms of depth. Creating a contour plate (p. The loading properties of the plate.

The analysis properties of the beam. relative to its reference point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The type of finish. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. e. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. etc.Option Finish The finish type. etc.g. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The support conditions of the beam ends. and to identify parts of the same type. relative to its reference point. hot galvanized. The user-definable name of the twin profile. fire retardant coating. with anti-corrosive paint. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. The position of the beam. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. The material of the beams.dia. Class Used to group beams. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. For example. Finish is user-definable. with anti-corrosive paint. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. fire retardant coating. It describes how the part surface has been treated. hot galvanized. The design information of the beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The horizontal position of the beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. e. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Finish is user-definable.g.

User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. hot galvanized. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. The type of finish. The beam position. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. The analysis properties of the twin profile.g. The vertical position of the pad footing. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The horizontal clearance between the profiles. perpendicular to the work plane. For example. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The vertical clearance between the profiles. The material of the pad footing. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The offsets of the ends of the beam. and to identify parts of the same type. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. It describes how the part surface has been treated. relative to the beam’s reference line. For example.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing.cpf. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. Finish is user-definable. in terms of depth. e. fire retardant coating. Class Used to group pad footings. with anti-corrosive paint. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. Creating a twin profile (p. relative to its reference point. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The design information of the twin profile. Defines how the profiles are combined. etc.

e. The analysis properties of the strip footing. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing.g. For example. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . with anti-corrosive paint. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing.csf. hot galvanized. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. relative to its reference point. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. fire retardant coating. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Class Used to group strip footings. The material of the strip footing. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The type of finish. and to identify parts of the same type. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. Creating a pad footing (p. etc. Finish is user-definable. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing.

How much the column is rotated around its axis. Finish is user-definable. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. hot galvanized. with anti-corrosive paint. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Creating a concrete column (p. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The design information of the footing. etc. Warping. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. cambering and shortening of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The support conditions of the column ends.ccl. The analysis properties of the column. The material of the column. Creating a strip footing (p.g. The type of finish. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Class Used to group columns. e. For example. fire retardant coating. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Define the cast unit series of the column. and to identify parts of the same type. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. The design information of the column.

relative to its reference line. etc. Class Used to group beams. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. and to identify parts of the same type. The analysis properties of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. fire retardant coating. Define the cast unit series of the beam. The design information of the beam. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The loading properties of the beam. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.cbm. Creating a concrete beam (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . e.g. The beam position on the work plane. The type of finish.csl. hot galvanized. with anti-corrosive paint. For example. Warping. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. Finish is user-definable. The offsets of the ends of the beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The material of the beam. cambering and shortening of the beam.

etc. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab.g. The position of the slab. e. Creating a concrete slab (p. The type of finish. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). perpendicular to the work plane. fire retardant coating. Class Used to group panels. hot galvanized. The type of finish. The loading properties of the slab. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. It describes how the part surface has been treated. For example. with anti-corrosive paint. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. Finish is user-definable. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The design information of the slab. Class Used to group slabs.g. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The analysis properties of the slab. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The material of the panel. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The spanning properties of the slab.cpn. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. with anti-corrosive paint. For example. in terms of depth. etc. and to identify parts of the same type. The material of the slab. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. and to identify parts of the same type. Finish is user-definable.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. Define the cast unit series of the slab. fire retardant coating. hot galvanized. e. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *.

The position of the panel. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. The loading properties of the panel. The spanning properties of the panel. The analysis properties of the panel. The design information of the panel. Creating a concrete panel (p.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. 227) Weld properties (p. Define the cast unit series of the panel. relative to its reference line. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . 81) 8. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. 229) Weld types (p. The offsets of the ends of the panel. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. See also Bolt properties (p. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. Bolt assembly standard/grade. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts.

Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. depending on the bolt group shape. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .g. or co-ordinate. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. Bolt spacing. y allowance of a slotted hole. For example. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape.e. number. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Zero for a round hole. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. x allowance of a slotted hole. enter a negative value for cut length (e. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. Bolt spacing. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Zero for a round hole. in both directions from the bolt group plane. or coordinate.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. group diameter. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Tolerance = Hole diameter . the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. In the illustration below. If the bolt connects several parts. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. -150). Extra length Additional bolt length. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. depending on the bolt group shape. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i.

Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . or groove. For example. At depth Dx. The size of the weld. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. but does not display it drawings. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. Tekla Structures creates the weld. relative to the current work plane. Bolts (p. bevels. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. not in drawings. 231). you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. Type Angle See Weld types (p. The angle of weld preparation. Dy. 93). Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis.

for example. for example 50–100. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . To create a non-continuous weld. defining the start and end points of the weld. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. 72). Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. for example. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. See Weld position (p. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. information about the weld specification or process. The space between the welded parts. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. For example. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. 92). This setting affects assemblies and drawings. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. To change the separator to @. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used.

The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Defines the process type.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Defines the electrode strength. Welds (p. Defines the electrode strength coefficient.

See also Chamfering part corners (p. The dimension depends on the chamfer type.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . to give plates varying thicknesses. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. The dimensions of the chamfer. Use these fields. The name of the chamfer. for example.

See also Chamfering part edges (p. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. 107) 8. All information on previous numbers is lost. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. The shape and position of the second end point. and the shape is straight. and the shape is angled.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. The shape and position of the first end point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. and the shape is straight. See also General numbering settings (p. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. 234) Control number settings (p.

size. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. The orientation of beams affects numbering. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. 157). The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. and save sequence. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. The part name affects numbering. See Assembly position numbers (p. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. Numbering objects (p.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. The orientation of columns affects numbering. numbering. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. and number of holes affects numbering. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible.

All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. Needed only with the By numbering series option. Defines the interval between two control numbers.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. If some welds have been removed. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Control numbers (p. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. See also Numbering objects (p. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. No keeps the existing control numbers. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

2. 239) Right-hand rule (p. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 241) 9. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. See also Defining default part properties (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 .9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 237) Part positioning tips (p. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.

you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. 4. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. try modeling an entire floor. The dialog box remains open on the screen. enter a name for the set of properties. from simple frames to entire floors. Start the Move or Copy command. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. create an empty view or selection filter. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. 5. This can useful when creating view filters. Depending on the project. then copying it to several levels. when creating grids and levels in a new model. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . 7. enter BEAM. or an object group. To stop copying or moving objects. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. c Enter the values you want to use. b Select an object. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. 2. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. To use a default set of part properties. 3. then copying them throughout the model. For example. Before you start. 6.3. and object groups. for example. In the box next to the Save as button. For example. For a project that has several identical floors. selection filters. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. Click Load to load the properties. Click Save as to save the set of properties. Save time by modeling these areas once.

Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. 132) Creating a visualization (p. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. click Select from model.. To select a date. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. and then select an object. You can either select a date from the calendar. Views (p.. select one of the options. To activate a view. and then select one of the options. 2. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. Download and install the application. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. or define the number of days before or after the review date. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1.. 3. Click Add row. When you hold the thumb. and the middle finger the z axis. 4. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers.To select values from the model: 1. In the Value list box. 2. Open the Background color in model editor document. Page Down and arrow keys. click Select date. to open the Select date dialog box. a b To select an object property. select the review date. With Xmouse active. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. • See also Use the Page Up. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. Log in to the Tekla Extranet.. index finger. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. 2. the index finger the y axis. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. you can use the Xmouse option. 3.

The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. 2. Note that after creating the polygon. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings.. If the component fails. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. To locate the failure in the model. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. 4. use polygon cuts. especially in components.3 mm). An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure.. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. Try to position the cut at least 0. Clear the Cuts check box. For example. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. 3. the cut is more likely to succeed. See also Cuts (p. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips .3 mm outside of the part planes. Click Modify. • • • • If a cut fails. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. to open the Display dialog box. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. Click Display. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. Cuts (p.

Hold down F. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. Click a row that contains an ID number. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. or use the Fit Part End command. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. 2. To lengthen a part. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. This can cause shop errors. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. 2. move the part handles. See also Modifying part length (p. It can cause problems with connections and details.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. Hold down Z. move the part handles. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. Click a row that contains an ID number.

40) Points (p. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. always pick points in the same direction. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. Use construction planes. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. lines and circles. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. pick positions from left to right. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. Creating a single grid line (p. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. and from bottom to top (in positive x. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . such as beams. Create points. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts.See also Part position (p. y directions). For example. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. 57) Fittings (p.

...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................104 corner chamfer dimensions ......................................................115 concrete beams....................105 edge chamfers.................... 71 using welds to create assemblies ...............79 curved beams........................................................174 numbering .................................Index # 3D models..............................88 bolt spacing ..........................199 b background color changing........................................ 75 showing and hiding .......................................................................................................... 86......................................... 30 angle dimensions ............ 117 c cambering parts.......................... 71............73...................... 227 bolt group position .......................................69 steel beams .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 lotting.............................. 85......107 in sketches ............................................................................. 74 changing the main assembly..........................68 orthogonal beams....................................... 70 adding objects ................................................................83 lotting...... 143 arcs..................................................................................................... 88 modifying .................. 157 removing objects .............................................................................72 clash checking..................83 highlighting .......................84 chamfering.......143 bolting sub-assemblies.......105 corner chamfer types................................... 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 .......... 225 concrete polybeams .................................................. 191 angles.. 23 examples................................................................................................ 135 beams cambering...........................83 cast units ........................................................................ 185 assemblies ........................88 a absolute coordinates .................................................................. 76 highlighting ............................................................................67 warping..........................................................73............ 67................82 cast unit type ............ 75 comparing ................................ 15 views .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 79........................................... 71 using bolts to create assemblies ...............................157 removing objects ....................................................... 149 creating ............... 39 4D tool................................................148 creating.....87 bolt group shape.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 attaching parts................................................................................................... see visualizing project status .......... 131 sub-assemblies .............................................................83 casting direction ...............................................65 bolts ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................82 creating........................................................115 cast in place.. 76 exploding................... 71 examples................................................. 74 numbering ......... 218 steel polybeams ......83 top-in-form face .82 exploding ....84 changing the main part... 75 joining............... 75 changing the main part..........................................................................................................82 adding objects ...............................................................................105 corner chamfers ................86 bolt offsets . 174 nested assemblies ..................................113 bending.............................................................................................81 adding non-concrete objects ......................

.................187 colliding objects .........104...................................................................147 list of clashes .................41 construction planes...................... 105........148 changing priority ...........147 symbols .......................................... 78............................... 218 combining parts ........................................................................ 69......................28 copying hints and tips............................ 158....................................................... 149 bolts ............................................................................. 78....... 223 warping ............142 circles...................................188 parallel .............167 clip planes...........187 vertical .135 project status visualizations .........................................40 contour plates .................................................40 construction circles .................................................................... 79..........................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................. 146 clash checking ......... 116.....................68....188 horizontal .............................132 concrete parts ...................... 28........185 Clash Check Manager ...............................................189 construction objects ........................................... 78............................................................ 224 steel columns................................113 constraints........... 55 classifying information ....................187 deleting .....79 slabs . 226 polybeams ...............133 object representation settings.... 144.............................. 51.........124 coincident contraints ............................ 78...........................................................189 fixed ........................................ 224 pad footings ........ 219 control numbers .... 66...... 146...checking sketched cross sections .................146 class............................................................................. 31 columns concrete columns .......239 grid color...............238 object groups ................................................................................... 225 cast units.......................................77 beams .........................186 perpendicular .......................................................................................... 145............................................... 80..................................................................................................................84 columns ......................................................................................................55 background color ..136 corner chamfers ......................146 managing results .................................................144 colors ........................................................................................................81 casting direction............................23 background color examples......................... 159 settings ..............................................147 changing status ..................... 222 panels ..............................149 components showing and hiding.............23 color settings ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................235 coordinates coordinate system............... 232 types and dimensions ............................................................................................................41 construction lines ....................197 checking the model............. 81...................................................................................................................... 117 comparing parts or assemblies........................... 225 strip footings ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................146 sessions..................................................................................................................................................... 145..............................................................................................................................................186 coincident.............213 finding RGB values................................

....................................191 between two points.....................................................................192 display settings ........................ 67 storys............ 91.......204 defining erection schedules................................ 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor.............143 dividing models...............................................................137 creating object representation settings................................................................... 82 clip planes ........................................ 30 holes.. 139 erection sequences ............................. 134 object type categories ............................................... 78 concrete panels.......................................................................137 numbering ............................. 74 object groups.............. 79 concrete slabs .................................. 164.................................................................................... 169 orthogonal beams ..138 creating project status visualization settings ...........240 line cuts ............................ 168 strip footings............ 174 models....................... 110.........126 adding attributes..........136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ...................... 88 sketched cross sections .................. 107...................................... 68 Custom Inquiry ....119 examples assemblies ...................... 136 screenshots................................................... 181 sketching cross sections ...... 40 contour plates......................139 visualizing project status ...........................171 detail properties .................................................... 168 sequences................................................................................................................................. 80 construction circles........................................................................127 modifying contents ........................................ 80 standard-part models ............................................................. 184 slabs............................................................ 86 cast units ...................... 81 concrete polybeams ................................. 112 polygon cuts ...................................................................109 hints and tips ...........................190 radial.................................................................................................................................................................................162.............................................................................................................................65.............................................................. 137............................................................................................................................................ 16 nested assemblies ................................................................................................................................... 124 concrete beams.........138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section.............................................. 68 fittings................171 exact lines...........................................227 DGN supported objects ...............................................63 erection schedules.................................... 181 curved parts............................................................................................... 71 tile patterns........................................ 124 sections ........ 41 construction lines ...............................................................................creating assemblies ...... 41 construction planes ........................76 background colors ............................................................................... 79 concrete columns .................... 172 single bolts ...............89............................... 111 part cuts............ 38 grids ...................................... 71 bolts.................................................................................127 cuts ....................................................... 111 d deleting logical areas ...................................................................101 visualizing erection schedules............................ 163............................................................ 109................................................................................ 67 steel columns ............................................. 93..................................193 horizontal................................................................. 232 end offsets ...... 168 lots............................................................70........................................................... 66 steel polybeams ..............191 deleting from a sketch .................................................................. 69 pad footings..............190 vertical ................... 35 welds ........................................................................................................................ 132 object representation settings ............................ 100 twin profiles ............................................ 69 curved beams.............................68...................................192 in sketching ............23 creating object groups .....................................................171 object types ............................. 109. 78 project status visualizations ................................................... 104..131 examining the model ............................................................................................................... 32 grid views ................................ 70 views ................................................................................................ 90 logical areas ...........................................................216 distances measuring................................................................................................................... 160 steel beams.... 165 tile pattern definition ........................................................................................................48 dimensions angle................................................... 78 sub-assemblies ........... 108 grid lines.......................................171 e edge chamfers..........................................

..................................................................................................................75 l lengthening parts .................................84 unselected parts .........32 creating........................237 holes .................................................................................................131 components ................................................................................................................................................................... 109...........................................................................................................33 modifying ............................................................................... 89....................................................................................................58 reference models ..........................................................................203 extrusion types..188 flying through model .......................................................57 moving .................................................................................................................................................................... 29........................................................................29 modifying .42 sketched cross sections....38 properties..............76 cast units ............31 origin....................................................................192 horizontal position ..........188 horizontal dimensions ..................................................131 local coordinate system ....................64 line cuts....................................26 highlighting assemblies....................................................130 top-in-form face..................145 finding distant objects ........45 hints and tips...................................83 reference models .................203 inquiring models ........................................238 parts....................................................................................................................................................78............152 reinforcements ...............................................................28 grid lines ...................45 selected parts ............ 222........................56 positioning planes .............................. 111 lines exact .......................57 of positioning planes.............................83 exporting sketched cross sections .........30 creating........................30 deleting ....................149 fittings ..............32 deleting .....................215 grids coordinates ...................................27 hiding assemblies...........28 h handles ........................................................................................................................................................................116 levels.......................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......................................................................................................126 j joining assemblies..163 modifying .......... 31 line extensions.............195 reference lines .......... 31 labels ...............31 grid color................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................31 part labels ....................................153 importing points .....123 footings .....156 finding clashes ................................................................................................ 223 g global coordinate system ............................................................................... 28...............................211 work plane grid ..................................................................................131 work area ......................................................200 f family numbers ............................................................................................................................212 grid views creating.....................................62 i identical areas...............................................................................240 grid labels ..............................................................................................108 fixed constraints.....................75 cast units....................155 example ............. see tips ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................132 cut lines...........................................29 properties................................................................................................................................ 90 horizontal constraints ........exploding assemblies.................................................126 object properties ...................................................................33 properties........

..............159 numbering series.... 175 removing ..........................................135 creating.... 16 dividing into phases.................... 170 lotting.134 deleting................................................................. 241 logical areas ......... 156 settings .......................................... 175 creating .......... 167 modeling hints and tips ................................................................ 174 adding parts ............................................................ 74 numbering...............152 identical reinforcements .............................. 151...................................... 73................................... 156 about numbering ............ 126 moving.........................57 n nested assemblies............................... 234.. 143 distances .................................161 clearing...............................154 preliminary numbers......... 17 viewing ....... 175 moving hints and tips ..................162................................................................................... 155........................................................................................................................................126 object representation settings....................................................................................................................... 119 modifying logical areas ...................................133 example......................................................................................................138 object types ...........158 reinforcements.......................................................................................................................................161 identical parts ............................................................................................................................log files viewing ...................................................167...................................................................................................................................135 example.......................................................................................................... 164............................................................................................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 ...................195 using handles ... 167 rotating ................................................................................................................................................................................ 54 measuring objects ..........160 control numbers.................................................. 176 rendered or plan view?..................................122 positioning planes.157 checking and repairing ................................ 237 identical areas ................ 235 standard-part model ..153 modifying .. 159 examples ........................167 viewing ..................... 21 Model Organizer.......................................................152 numbering settings ...........................151 assemblies ................. 158.................132 color settings ............................ 169 o object groups ................................................................................................ 156...................................................... 165 family numbers ...................... 121 saving.......137 transparency settings ........................ 163 history................. 168 viewing ......................................... 151 organizing.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 143 angles........................172 series........................................................214 object property report templates........................................................................................ 119 zooming....... 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position ................................... 169 object types ..................................................................................................................................238 models in a view.......................................... 153....................................... 15 checking for errors ..... 58 Model Editor screen layout. 142 creating .............................. 123 inquiring.........................................................................................................133 creating................................................................................................................................................................................................157 cast units .................... 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)........................................................................................... 238 parametric modeling............. 119 flying through model................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................132 deleting.....................157 sequences .................... 233................... 120 materials..............................................................................................................................133 copying ....................................................................................... 143 bolt spacing ..................... 163..................233 m Magnifier.........................213 copying to another model ............... 174 deleting.................................... 171 examining. 122 numbering . 154.......................... 114 models about 3D models ...............................................................153 what affects ......160 user-defined attributes..........................

..................54 modifying part length .........................................176 profiles ..............74 assemblies.......................................................................241 numbering...............................................................................174 material ....... 79 polygon cuts.................................................... 222 panels .........................................52 properties............ 154............................... 57.........................................128 finding distant objects ...............................objects clash checking ................56 lengthening .................................212 properties........242 positioning ....................................................................152 labels ........................................................................................................239 oversized holes........................149 concrete parts ..................................................................56 part properties............................113 perpendicular constraints..............................................171 in numbering ......................................................17 organizing the model ..117 part labels ............117 steel parts ................................................131 splitting..........................................53 part add................................................. 112 default properties .............................51 sequences ..............................................................112 polygon welds ...131 showing with exact lines ............................ 109...............149 inquiring properties .................................................................................................................54 changing the profile ......................................................... 173 shortening .212 polybeams...................187 phases ...................................................................116 lotting ....................................................63 opening models ...................................................................................... 67.......42 phase and ID .........................70 bending ........93 polylines .143 numbering..................................................................................................................................................................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................. see attaching parts ........................................115 changing the material ................................................................................................56 showing and hiding............................. 111 polygon shapes...................................39 points .............................55 warping .......................................................................................................................................81 panning ........................... 78.......................................................................212 importing ........186 parametric modeling ...................126 measuring........................................................164 plane views ....................................... 156 part types ................................................................................................................................................................242 showing and hiding.....................................................65 cambering ...................................90 p pad footings .....................................................................................220 overlapping numbering series .........................................................................................................................................128 offsets ...............167 orthogonal beams ....................52 combining ........................................130 horizontal parts ....... 144....................... 145 defining visibility........237 hiding .....................122 parallel constraints.......................156 placing objects in model .......................................................................242 identical parts.......42 coordinates .............................................................................115 shortening in drawings........................................................................................................................................................... 58 profiles .....................................................176 parametric profiles ...............................................................................................................................................156 views................217 parts adding to assembly...........................................66 user-defined attributes .. 172........................................... 110...116 showing only selected parts......................................................................................................52 position .................................................................115 lengthening in drawings .........................................................................................................................................116 comparing .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................77 cutting with another part ........

.................................................................................................. 190 radius...................... 94 printing screenshots..................................................121 parts . 158 preparing parts for welding...........................................................................................................46 reference points...53...........198 screen layout in Model Editor .......126 reports viewing .................................................................................. 61 positioning planes...... 65 depth ...position bending .................. 52 parametric ..................................... 53 separators ............ 147 profiles........................................................................................58 round holes............................................................................................................................... 138 properties default .......................................241 representation options .................................................... 93 preliminary numbers.............................................28 reverting to default positioning planes.....................................................157 relative coordinates .....57 refreshing views.............213 rotation angle knob .............................................. 60 end offsets................................... 59 vertical....... 64 on the work plane................45 inserting.................................59 rotation settings ........................45 highlighting ............................... 136 deleting................................................................................................................................................................................48 updating...................................... 63 horizontal......................................................................................................... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes.................44 selecting ......................................................................................... 196 moving..................................................................................... 176 prefixes.....................................................................................................................................17 sketched cross sections .........................197 to old clash checking functionality .36 representation options......................................................................................................128 restoring default work plane ...................................149 RGB values ..................................................................................................... 136 example......... 237 r radial dimensions ............................................................................................................................................153 numbering ........................................................................................................ 53 twin profiles ....................................................239 right-hand rule .......................................................................................................48 supported DGN objects ..............................45 splitting into reference objects.......................................................................... 58 reference model objects ... 135 copying.......................................69 slabs ........................................................................................................................................................... 65 redrawing views...........................161 report templates for inquiring object properties .........................45 viewing layers...........................................................................................................................................................................................128 repairing numbering errors ....................... 62 levels ......................43 clash checking...................................... 53 weld size prefix................................39 reinforcements identical .......................................................................................................... 195 reverting to default ................................................................................................................................................... 48 reference models......21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ..................................................................................45 viewing changes.44 modifying properties ..............................................144 hiding.................................. 47 selecting ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 70 user-defined ...... 125 priority in clash checking............................ 59 rotation .........................80 s saving models............................... 39 reference lines..................................... 136 creating ................................136................................................89 plates..................................................................... 53 sketched profiles ...............................................................57..........................................................................................................30 rendered views ........................... 53 project status visualizations....... 193 handles.................................................................... 201 standard .....................................................................239 rotating models...........................

.................... 117.............................................................................................................131 positioning planes ............................................190 arcs ................................................................................................173 modifying ................................... 118 plates and slabs...........................................181 adding constraints..........................240 parts labels .......................185 chamfers .............241 shortening and lengthening parts ................................................... 202.................................................................................................232 general modeling settings.........................80 warping ..................................................................219 corner chamfer properties ............................................................................screenshots creating.............................226 concrete slab properties .................................................................................................195 reference lines ....................................................................................................................................................201 example ......................53 standard-part models ...................... see screenshots .................48 reference models............................................172 adding parts...........116 showing assemblies.... 235 orthogonal beam properties.........................................168 selecting dates from model..................................................................160 status in clash checking ................198 polylines...........132 cut lines..............................................................................94 Sketch Browser...................................................................184 creating images .......................................213 screenshot settings.................................................................................125 settings .................................................................186 saving ...212 grid properties.............................................................................................26 single bolts .......................................186 adding dimensions........................56 parts with exact lines ...... 194.131 components ...214 sections...173 creating.........................................................84 views............................................................125 saving in bitmap format ........................................................................................... 203 modifying .......215 weld properties ........................................................211 grid view properties ............................................................227 concrete beam properties............................................................32 single-part welds ............................204 exporting ....................181 sketched cross sections..212 rotation settings ...........214 steel beam properties .......................173 inquiring ...............................................223 twin profile properties ..................................185 creating ...................................................................................................225 contour plate properties.............................................218 strip footing properties ...........................88 single grid lines ........217 point properties...............................................................................................................125 printing...............216 edge chamfer properties............................215 numbering settings . 196 profiles .......................................................200 importing ...........197 circles................................................................................................................................... 234.......124 in Windows Vista .........224 concrete panel properties .........................................172 deleting .........193......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................45 values from model ........................................................................................................................................................................211 grid line properties ...38 work area ............................................................................................220 pad footing properties............227 display settings .........................................................173 settings bolt properties..............................221 view properties ........................ 203 extrusion types................................................218 steel column properties ........................................................................................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .................................................................................................................238 reference model objects ..............222 part properties .........................201 refining the shape ......................................................................................238 selection dial .........58 top-in-form face...........................................................199 using in models....................................................................................57 snapshots...............................................................................................................................199 checking.118 standard profiles ...........201 variables ...................................................................................................................184 positioning planes .............................................182 sketch editor.......................................................................... 114 slotted holes...............232 detail properties ......................................... 202.........................229 shifting the work plane .............................90 snapping to middle points.........198 sketch thickness ...183 slabs.147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................................................................................233............................................124 splitting parts......................................115 shortening parts in drawings ......................................................225 concrete column properties .....................................................................58 sequences ............... 113.................................................................................215 view settings ....

............. 240 defining default part properties........................................................... 242 cutting efficiently... 100 creating new tile patterns ..... 220 polybeams.. 97 tiled surface treatment................................176 in sketching ...............................................................................36 visibility of objects........................................................... 39 top-in-form face ............................. 72 surface treatment ......................... 237 finding RGB values for colors......................................................................................................................... 97 on part face .................................................................................................................. 97 on chamfered parts ... 239 modeling identical areas ........................................................................................... 221 storys....55 in numbering.................173 views............. 239 selecting values from model..........................................................................................238 variables in parametric modeling ..... 100 pattern definition example ........................................................................................................................... 70................ 101 pattern definitions.................... 119....................................................... 238 creating horizontal parts........................ 221 u user interface in Model Editor ................................ 68 orthogonal beams ....................................................... 218 contour plates.... 72 welding to existing assembly...................................38 naming.......................................................................................................................... 103 pattern elements ....................................................................215 viewing logical areas ....................................................................................... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ........................... 238 modifying part length........................96..............136 t testing sketched cross sections ...................................................................................................170 sequence numbers.........................................................................................................................35 opening................................................................................... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 ...............................35 view planes.........................................................................................70.................................................... 100 switching between views ........................ 218 columns..............................................128 view planes.......... 69......steel parts........................................................................................... 239 copying and moving efficiently .........................................214 twin profiles.....................66.239 properties ..................................78................... 168 strip footings ...........21 user-defined attributes......... 68...................................................................................69................... 98 on selected areas............................................................................................ 197 tiled surface treatment.................................192 vertical position.........128 visualizing project status.........................67..........................................................................................................................................36 moving...................... 96 on all faces of part........39 creating................................................................ 124 numbering history.........84 transparency settings ........................................................189 vertical dimensions ..........................................................................153 user-defined profiles .......................................................................................... 71 bolting to existing assembly ................................................................................38 overlapping................53 v values selecting from model ......................................................39 closing .......................... 104 tips activating overlapping views ...............................161 object types ................. 241 placing objects ........................... 99 modifying....35 deleting.........................................................36 view types.......................183 vertical constraints....39 temporary ...........................................................................................................................38 modifying ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................170 models.................................... 223 sub-assemblies ...................... 66 assemblies ............................................................37 view settings ....................... 97 on parts with openings and recesses...................... 95 adding ......................... 70 beams .............................215 refreshing ................. 219 curved beams............................................. 96 creating new surface treatments ... 67 twin profiles .........................39 switching between views ................................................................................................... 242 right-hand rule ........ 98 on cut faces......................................61 view depth ...........................................................................................33 arranging ............................................................................................... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ..................

....................... 128 defining .................................... 113................................................................................................................... 114 welds......................................................................................27 restoring........... 91............. 25.............................................................................................................................................................................................120 zoom window ...................................................120 zooming in or out ............................................................................................120 zoom settings.............................21 z zooming using Magnifier ..............................................................................231 welding sub-assemblies ......................................................................................................... 93...............................................26 work plane............................................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .........................................................91 creating.........26 hiding .113 concrete parts.......................w warping beams............................................91...............234 polygon welds.......................................................................................92 weld preparation ................... 229 between parts ..............93 single-part welds........................72 wire frame views ..............................94 weld position........... 94 numbering..........................93 weld types..................................113 concrete slabs .......27 workspace in Model Editor.......36 work area ...........................120 with keyboard shortcuts ................................................................................................................................................94 weld size prefixes .......................28 shifting ......................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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