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11/11/2018 Temperature Controlled Relay Circuit

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Temperature Controlled Relay Circuit


P. MARIAN (HTTPS://WWW.ELECTROSCHEMATICS.COM/AUTHOR/ADMIN/)

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LM358 (/tag/lm358-circuits) TL431 (/tag/tl431)
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This temperature controlled relay circuit is a simple yet highly accurate thermal
control circuit which can be used in applications where automatic temperature
control is needed. The circuit switches a miniature relay ON or OFF according to
the temperature detected by the single chip temperature sensor LM35DZ.

When the LM35DZ detects a temperature higher than the preset level (set by
VR1), the relay is actuated. When the temperature falls below the preset
temperature, relay is de-energized. The circuit can be powered by any DC 12V

https://www.electroschematics.com/6606/temperature-controlled-relay-circuit/ 1/10
11/11/2018 Temperature Controlled Relay Circuit

supply or battery (100mA min.)

Electronic Temperature-Controlled Relay Schematic

(https://www.electroschematics.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/temperature-
controlled-relay-circuit.jpg)

How it works?
The heart of the circuit is the LM35DZ temperature sensor which is factory-
calibrated in the Celsius (or Centigrade) scale with a linear Degree->Volt
conversion function. The output voltage (at pin 2) changes linearly with
temperature from 0V (0oC) to 1000mV (100oC).

The preset (VR1) & resistor (R3) from a variable voltage divider which sets a
reference voltage (Vref) form 0V ~ 1.62V. The op-amp (A2) bu ers the reference
voltage so as to avoid loading the divider network (VR1 & R3). The comparator
(A1) compares the reference voltage Vref (set by VR1) with the output voltage of
LM35DZ and decides whether to energize or de-energize the relay (LED1 ON or
OFF respectively).

Source:
http://www.escol.com.my/Projects/Project-03%28Thermostat-1%29/Proj-03.html
(http://www.escol.com.my/Projects/Project-03%28Thermostat-1%29/Proj-
03.html)

Components list:
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11/11/2018 Temperature Controlled Relay Circuit

IC1 : LM35DZ
IC2 : TL431
IC3 : LM358

LED1 – 3mm or 5mm LED

Q1 – General purpose PNP transistor ( A1015,…) with E-C-B pin-out)


D1, D2 — 1N4148
D3, D4 — 1N400x (x=2,,,,.7)

ZD1 — Zener diode, 13V, 400mW

Preset (trim pot) : 2.2K (Temperature set point)


R1 – 10K
R2 – 4.7M
R3 – 1.2K
R4 – 1K
R5 – 1K
R6 – 33Ω

C1 – 0.1 µF ceramic or mylar cap


C2 – 470 µF or 680 µF electrolytic cap. (16V min)
Miniature relay – DC12V DPDT, Coil = 400 Ω or higher

LM358 datasheet (https://www.electroschematics.com/628/lm358-datasheet/)


TL431 datasheet (https://www.electroschematics.com/8895/tl431-datasheet/)

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8 Comments

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Ahad
http://www.escol.com.my/Projects/Project-03%28Thermostat-1%29/Proj-03.html
(http://www.escol.com.my/Projects/Project-03%28Thermostat-1%29/Proj-03.html)

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Posted on April 20th 2014 | 7:05 pm (https://www.electroschematics.com/6606/temperature-controlled-relay-


circuit/#comment-299420)
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redirect_to=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.electroschematics.com%2F6606%2Ftemperature-controlled-relay-
circuit%2F)

Ahsan
do you have the video tutorial of this circuit making.. ????if u have any thing related to
video please mail me..
Thanks
Ahsan

Posted on April 04th 2014 | 12:55 am (https://www.electroschematics.com/6606/temperature-controlled-relay-


circuit/#comment-287546)
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redirect_to=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.electroschematics.com%2F6606%2Ftemperature-controlled-relay-
circuit%2F)

tanvir
Can you please provide us a humidity controller circuit witch will provide humidity to a
set point and turn of the humidity provider after reaching the set point as like
temperature controller, and it has to be simple and easy … Thanks

Posted on March 18th 2014 | 2:57 pm (https://www.electroschematics.com/6606/temperature-controlled-relay-


circuit/#comment-282904)
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circuit%2F)

kesy
sorry, but what is K1?

thanks regards kesy

Posted on September 26th 2013 | 12:23 pm (https://www.electroschematics.com/6606/temperature-controlled-


relay-circuit/#comment-273340)
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Eric
I think K1 is the coil of the relay.

Posted on October 31st 2013 | 5:19 pm (https://www.electroschematics.com/6606/temperature-


controlled-relay-circuit/#comment-273789)

Rkphadke
Dear sir

This is ne I shall try wish every things works well and wish that you make us smarter

Thanks Kind regards Ramesh Phadke

Posted on July 18th 2013 | 12:43 pm (https://www.electroschematics.com/6606/temperature-controlled-relay-


circuit/#comment-272502)
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Gideon
What is the function of IC2? This is a viable project and I need functions of every
component so as to design it well.

Posted on July 06th 2012 | 11:47 pm (https://www.electroschematics.com/6606/temperature-controlled-relay-


circuit/#comment-254884)
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Romel
How can i use this circuit to protect an ampli er from overheating ?

Posted on July 09th 2011 | 11:34 pm (https://www.electroschematics.com/6606/temperature-controlled-relay-


circuit/#comment-52077)

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