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Rectifier

R48-3200
R48-3200 Rectifier
User Manual
Document Issue: V1.0
Release Date: September 2, 2005

The contents of this document are subject to revision


without notice due to ongoing progress in
methodology, design and manufacturing.
Revision History
Version Date of Change Description of Changed by
Change
V1.0 Spetember 2, 2005 Newly-created David Dai
Contents

Chapter 1 Rectifier Description.................................................................................5


1.1 Abbreviations .................................................................................................5
1.2 Model Notation ...............................................................................................5
1.3 Form and Interface.........................................................................................5
1.4 Main Functions and Features ........................................................................9
1.5 Specifications ...............................................................................................16
Chapter 2 Installation and Test...............................................................................23
2.1 Installing a Rectifier......................................................................................23
2.2 Startup and Test...........................................................................................26
Chapter 3 Operation and Maintenance ..................................................................27
3.1 Fault Symptoms and Troubleshooting.........................................................27
3.2 Unbalanced Current Sharing .......................................................................28
3.3 Fan Replacement.........................................................................................28
3.4 Spare Parts ..................................................................................................29
List of Abbreviations ..................................................................................................30

List of Figures

Figure 1-1: Model Number .......................................................................................5


Figure 1-2: Dimensions ............................................................................................6

Figure 1-3: Front Panel ............................................................................................6


Figure 1-4: Rear Panel.............................................................................................7
Figure 1-5: Label ......................................................................................................8
Figure 1-8: Output Power as Function of Input Voltage ........................................10
Figure 1-9: Output Characteristics.........................................................................11
Figure 1-10: Output Power as Function of the Temperature ....................................12
Figure 2-1: 50A Shelf .............................................................................................23
Figure 2-2: Handle/latch mechanism on the rectifier .............................................24
Figure 2-3: 50A shelf with rectifiers and SCU installed .........................................25

Figure 2-4: Internal rectifier startup process..........................................................26


Figure 3-1: Fan Replacement ................................................................................29

List of Tables

Table 1-1: Function of Indicators ............................................................................7


Table 1-2: Function of AC pins ...............................................................................8

Table 1-3: Function of DC pins ...............................................................................8


Table 1-4: Output Characteristics.........................................................................10

Table 1-5: Exchange of Information between Rectifier and CSU ........................15


Table 1-6: Safety and EMC ..................................................................................21
Table 3-1: Troubleshooting...................................................................................27
Rectifier Description 5

Chapter 1 Rectifier Description

1.1 Abbreviations
There are many abbreviations used in this user guide in reference to
different terms as well as units of measure. A comprehensive list of these
abbreviations can be found at the end of this document.

1.2 Model Notation

R 48 - 3200
Maximum Output Power (3200W)

Output Rated Voltage (48V))

Rectifier

Figure 1-1: Model Number

1.3 Form and Interface


The appearance and dimensions (unit: mm) of the rectifier are illustrated in
Figure 1-2.

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6 Rectifier Description

Figure 1-2: Dimensions

Front Panel
There are 3 indicators on the front panel. The location of the indicators is
shown in Figure 1-3.

Figure 1-3: Front Panel

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Rectifier Description 7

The functions of the indicators are listed in Table 1-1.

Table 1-1: Function of Indicators


Indicator Normal state Fault state Fault cause
Power Off No input and output
indicator On The rectifier is being operated through
Flashing
(Green) the host.
AC input under/over-voltage,
Protection rectifier PFC output under/over-voltage,
On
indicator Off high-temperature, or current sharing
(Yellow) imbalance
Flashing Rectifier communication failure
Output over-voltage, output fuse blown,
Fault indicator On
Off or rectifier addresses contradictory
(Red)
Flashing Faulty fan

Rear Panel
The AC input and DC output terminals are in the rear panel, as shown in
Figure 1-4.

Output socket

Input socket

Figure 1-4: Rear Panel

The rectifier is hot swappable, making it convenient for installation and


maintenance purposes.
The label on the side cover of the rectifier defines the pins of the
input/output terminals and also provides some regulatory information. A

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8 Rectifier Description

label is shown in Figure 1-5. Additional details on the function of these pins
are provided in Table 1-2 and Table 1-3.

Figure 1-5: Label

Table 1-2: Function of AC pins


Pin No. Signals

PIN1 PE
PIN2 AC neutral line

PIN3 AC hot line

Table 1-3: Function of DC pins


Pin No. Signals

PIN1 Vo-
PIN2 Precharge +

PIN3 Precharge -
PIN4 NC

PIN5 NC
PIN6 CAN-
PIN7 NC

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Rectifier Description 9

Pin No. Signals

PIN8 GND COM

PIN9 CAN +
PIN10 Vo+

1.4 Main Functions and Features


1. Hot Swappable
The rectifier is designed to be plug-and-play. There will be no arcing and
the terminals will not be damaged when inserting/removing the rectifier
from a live DC power system. A rectifier can be replaced in less than 1
minute and the inrush current will be no larger than 150% of the rated input
steady-state peak value.
When the rectifier is plugged into the system, the system output voltage
will not be affected.

2. Active Load Sharing


The rectifier uses advanced digital active load sharing technology that
maintains balancing to within±1.5 A.

3. Power Derating Based on Input Voltage


The rectifier power varies with changes in input voltage and output voltage.
It uses an advanced power limitation method. The rectifier can provide its
maximum rated power (3200 W) as long as the input voltage is within the
range of 176 Vac to 290 Vac (hysteresis is less than 3V). Below 176 Vac,
and down to 85 Vac, the rectifier will continue to operate normally but will
be in a power derating mode. The relationship between the output power
and input voltage is illustrated in Figure 1-8.

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10 Rectifier Description

Output power vs. input voltage at Tamb < 45 C(big Fan)

120

% of max. output power


100
80
60
40
20
0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350
Input voltage (VAC)

Figure 1-8: Output Power as Function of Input Voltage

Note: As depicted in Figure 1-8, the output power will derate from 100% of
the rated capacity as the input voltage drops below 176 Vac, down to 20%
of the rated capacity as the input voltage falls to 85 Vac.

4. Output Characteristics
The relationship between output voltage and current is summarized in
Table 1-4 and depicted graphically in Figure 1-9.

Table 1-4: Output Characteristics


Output Power Output Current Output Voltage
3200 W 55.2 A 58Vdc
3200 W 66.6A 48Vdc

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Rectifier Description 11

Output voltage vs. output current, max. output power


3200 W

70

Output voltage (V)


60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70
Output current (A)

Figure 1-9: Output Characteristics

Note 1: A current limitation can be set by the user. Refer to section 6


ahead for more details.
Note 2: The output voltage level is set through the CSU. Refer to section 7
ahead for more details.
As you can see from Figure 1-9 and Table 1-4, the following output
characteristics are exhibited:
• When rectifier output voltage ranges from 48 V to 58 V, the
maximum output power is 3200W.
• When rectifier output voltage is less than 48V, the maximum output
current remains at 66.6A.
• When the output voltage is 58V, the maximum output current is
55.2A.
• When the load exceeds 3200 W, the rectifier will limit its output
current to keep its output power constant.

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12 Rectifier Description

5. Power Derating Based on Temperature


The rectifier delivers full power when operating at an ambient temperature
of 45°C or below. Some power rating values for higher temperatures would
be as follows:
• At an ambient temperature of 65°C, the power delivered by the
rectifier is greater than 2320 W.
• At an ambient temperature of 70°C, the power delivered by the
rectifier is greater than 1450W.
Refer to Figure 1-10 to view the relationship between the output power and
the ambient temperature.

Output power vs. Temperature at Uin > 176 VAC

120
% of output power

100
80
60
40
20
0
-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100
Big Fan Temperature (C)

Figure 1-10: Output Power as Function of the Temperature

6. Current Limit Function


The rectifier has current limit function. The current limit point can be set
between the range of 5.5 to 66.6A. The setting is done using the CSU.
The current limit accuracy is ≤±1.5A when the output voltage ranges from
42 to 58.5 V, and ± 3A for output voltages ranges from 30 to 42 V, ± 5A for
output voltages below 30V.

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Rectifier Description 13

7. Adjustable Output Voltage


The output voltage can be set through the CSU within the range of 42 V to
58V. The accuracy is ±0.1V.

8. Fan Control
When the input voltage is within a normal range, the built-in processor
adjusts the fan’s speed according to the rectifier’s internal temperature.
For example, a higher temperature will increase the fan speed. Above
40°C, the fan will be operating at full speed.
When the internal temperature sample value is less than 10°C, the fan will
be shut down. The temperature hysteresis is 5°C.
When the input voltage is abnormal, such as very low or high input voltage,
the fan will turn off

9. Input Over/Under Voltage Protection


The rectifier will shut down and its protection indicator (yellow) will light up
when the input voltage is lower than 85Vac or higher than 290Vac. This
condition will be reported to the CSU and the CSU will process the alarms
accordingly.
10. Output Over Voltage Protection (HVSD)
There are two kinds of HVSD:
a. The fixed hardware HVSD is 59.5V(within the range of 58.5 to 60V), In
case of hardware HVSD, the rectifier has to be restarted manually.
b. The software HVSD is settable, its level (from controller) is from 56V to
59V.
The rectifier will shut down when its output voltage is higher than HVSD
set point. Note that the HVSD set point can be modified through the CSU
and the permissible range is from 56 V to 59 V. The occurrence of a HVSD
condition will cause the rectifier’s alarm indicator (red) to light up. The
failure information will be reported to the CSU and the CSU will process
the failure accordingly. Note also that the rectifier can only be restarted
manually should a HVSD condition occur twice within a 5 minute interval.

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14 Rectifier Description

The rectifier also has two additional software settings that can be
configured using the CSU:
1) Manual restart, and
2) Automatic restart attempt within 5 seconds of a HVSD condition.

11. High Temperature Protection


The rectifier will limit its power to 50% of the rated output capacity when its
internal temperature becomes higher than 90°C. The causes for the high
temperature condition may be that the ventilation openings are obstructed,
the ambient temperature is too high, or the rectifier fan has failed.
The rectifier will shut down and its protection indicator (yellow) will light up
when its internal temperature reaches 95°C.
The failure information will be reported to the CSU and the CSU will
process the failure accordingly. The high temperature alarm will clear and
the rectifier restored to normal operation when its internal temperature
returns to normal values (hysteresis is between 5 to10°C).

12 PFC Over/Under Voltage


The rectifier will shut down when its bus voltage is higher than the over
voltage set point or is lower than the under voltage set point. During such
conditions, the rectifier does not output any power and its protection
indicator (yellow) will light up.

13 Communication Failure
The rectifier’s protection indicator (yellow) will flash should it experience a
communication failure. The failure information will be reported to the CSU
and the CSU will process the failure accordingly. During a communication
failure, in order to protect the battery, the rectifier output voltage will
automatically adjust to 53.5 V (this is a default value which can be
modified using the CSU). The rectifier will revert to normal operation once
normal communication is restored.

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Rectifier Description 15

14. Fan Fault Protection


An alarm will be generated upon a fan fault. In such cases, the fault
indicator (red) on the rectifier front panel will flash and the rectifier will also
inhibit its output.
Auto-recovery is enabled upon the clearing of the corresponding fault.

15. Unbalance of Rectifier Output Current


When the output current of the rectifiers in a DC power system is
unbalanced, the rectifier whose output current is unbalanced will be
identified automatically and its protection indicator (yellow) will light up.
The failure information will be reported to the CSU and the CSU will
process the failure accordingly.

16. Monitoring Function


The rectifier has a built-in advanced DSP that monitors and controls the
operation of the rectifier. The DSP also communicates with the CSU in real
time through the CAN bus. Table 1-5 lists the different commands and
information exchanged between the rectifier and the CSU.

Table 1-5: Exchange of Information between Rectifier and CSU


Commands / signals that can be received Information gathered by the CSU from the
by the rectifier from the CSU. rectifier.
• Turn on/off • Input voltage
• Current walk-in on/off • Output voltage
• HVSD reset • Output current
• Current limit adjustment • Current limit setting
• Voltage regulation • Temperature
• Over voltage setting
• On/off status
• Fault alarms, such as:
o HVSD
o Fan fail
• Protection alarms, such as:
o Input voltage protection
o Inner DC bus voltage protection
o High temperature protection
• Thermal derating

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16 Rectifier Description

• AC derating
• AC fail
• Unbalanced output current
• Address
• Code
• Date
• SW version
• HW version

1.5 Specifications
1. Environmental
• Operating temperature: -40 to 75°C
• Full rated output power of 3200 W for temperatures -40 to 45°C.
• Power limitation for temperatures higher than 45°C.
• Relative humidity: up to 90% RH
• Elevation: 2000 m (power limited for heights above 2000 m)

2. Input
• Input voltage: 85 to 290 Vac, single-phase three-wire
• Maximum non-destructive input voltage when rectifier is not operating:
415 Vac
• Rated input voltage: 200 to 250 Vac
• Input current: <20A @ 3200 W, and at an input voltage of 176 Vac
• Inrush current: less than150% of the rated input steady-state peak
value
• Allowable input power frequency: 45-65 Hz
• Rated input power frequency: 50/60 Hz

3. Output
• Output voltage: 42 to 58 V

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Rectifier Description 17

• Output DC current: 0 to 67 A (A current limit setpoint can be configured.


Go back to paragraph 6 in section 1.4 for details.)
• Voltage regulation: ≤±1%
• Load regulation: ≤±0.5%
• Line regulation: ≤±0.1%
• Overshoot at startup: ≤±1%

4. Power Factor and THD


• >0.90 PF when loaded at 25-50% of rated output power
• >0.98 PF when loaded at 50-100% of the rated output power
• >0.99 PF when loaded at 100% of the rated output power
• THD: ≤5% when loaded at 50 to 100% of the rated output power

5. Efficiency
92% at best, 90.5% at full load and nominal input voltage
6. Load Sharing
The difference in the average current between rectifiers in one system
framework (max 1200A) is <±1.5 A for loads in the 10 to 100% range.

7. Temperature Coefficient (1/°°C): ≤±0.01%

8. Dynamic Response (at rated input and output voltage values)


• Response time is ≤200 µs, and the overshoot is ≤5% for load changes
at 50%-25%-50% and 50%-75%-50%.
• Overshoot or undershoot is ≤5% and within ±1% of the regulation band,
≤4 ms at 50 µs for load changes at 10%-90% and 90%-10%.(Telcordia
GR-947)

9. Startup Time
The rectifier has two startup modes:
(1) Normal soft start
The duration from the time when the rectifier is powered on to the time
when the rectifier provides output voltage is <5 s.

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18 Rectifier Description

(2) Current walk-in


The rise time of the rectifier output voltage is >8 s at 90% of the rated load,
and the maximum time is 124s at 100% of the rated load.
This feature is selectable (on/off) and configurable in seconds through the
CSU. These settings are stored and used by the rectifier (as per Telcordia
GR-947-CORE, R3-19).

10. Noise
Peak to peak voltage is <100 mv from 0-100MHz at normal output voltage.

(1) Complies with Telcordia GR-947-CORE:


• Psophometric noise is ≤ 1mV between 180~290V input and 10-100%
of the rated load and 16.66-6000 Hz. (for any application with more
than one rectifier)
• <32 dBrnC between 180~290V input and 10-100% of the rated load;
(for any application with more than one rectifier)
• Wideband output is <250 mV peak to peak between 0-30 MHz, and
<100 mVrms in any 3 kHz band between 10-20 MHz (as per
GR-947-Core section 3.24)

(2) Complies with ETS 300 132-2:


• Wideband noise is <20mV between 25 Hz-20 kHz.
• Emission narrowband noise is –21 dBm (20 mV) at 25-200Hz, -40
dBm (2.24 mV) at 500-3000Hz, and linear in between.
o -35 dBm (4 mV) at 3-20 kHz (as per ETSI EN 300 132-2 V2_1_2
2003-09 4.9.1)

(3) Complies with YD731-2002:


• For a rectifier operating standalone, the psophometric noise is <2 mV
at 300-3400Hz.

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Rectifier Description 19

• For a rectifier installed in a DC power system, the psophometric noise


is <1 mV at 300-3400Hz.
• Wideband noise voltage is ≤50 mV at 3.4–150 KHz and ≤20 mV at
0.15–30 MHz.
• Discrete noise voltage is ≤5 mV at 3.4–150 KHz
o ≤3 mV at 150–200 KHz,
o ≤2 mV at 200– 500 kHz,
o ≤1 mV at 500–30000 kHz.

11. Hold up Time


10 ms (The DC-voltage is allowed to decrease to 42 V from 54 V during
the test.)

12. Acoustic Noise


≤53dB(A), measured at a distance of 0.6 m from the rectifier.

13. Surge Protection


Complies with IEEE C62 41-1991 Class B3, 6kV/3kA (1.2/50 µs surge
voltage and 8/20 µs surge current).

14. Insulation Resistance and Dielectric Strength (at ambient


temperature of 25°°C ±5°°, relative humidity of 90%, and applying a test
voltage of 500 Vdc)
1) Insulation Resistance
• Between the AC input and the enclosure: ≥5x106 Ω
• Between the AC input and the DC output: ≥5x106 Ω
• Between the DC output and the enclosure: ≥5x106 Ω

2) Dielectric Strength
• Between the AC input and the enclosure: the leakage current is <1 mA,
with no breakdown within 1 minute using an applied voltage of 2120 V.

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20 Rectifier Description

• Between the AC input and the DC output: the leakage current is <1 mA,
with no breakdown within 1 minute using an applied voltage of 4242 V.
• Between the DC output and the enclosure: the leakage current is <1
mA, with no breakdown within 1 minute using an applied voltage of
707 V.
• Between the DC output and the ground: the leakage current is <1 mA,
with no breakdown within 1 minute using an applied voltage of 1500 V
(with the varistor and filter capacitors removed before doing the test).
15. Protection
1) Over-current protection:
• Input over-current protection (fuse)
• Output over-current protection (fuse)
• Short-circuit protection
2) Over/under voltage protection:
• Low voltage disable point: 80 Vac ±3 V (hysteresis at least 15 Vac for
restart)
• High voltage disable point: 295 Vac ±5 V (hysteresis at least 10 Vac
for restart)
• PFC over voltage protection: 445Vac ±5 V (hysteresis of 10 V)
• HVSD:
o Fixed hardware HVSD level is 59.5 V.
o Software configurable HVSD level (using CSU) is 56-59 V.
o Delay of 50 ms before shutdown.
o In case of second HVSD within 5 minutes (the time can be set
through the CSU), the rectifier requires to be restarted manually.
o The rectifier needs not shut down if its output power is less than
10% of its rated load.
o Rectifiers can be reset through a power "on/off" cycle or by the
CSU (software).

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Rectifier Description 21

o HVSD monitoring circuit is independent from the output voltage


loop circuit.
o If the CSU sends a set value that is higher than the HVSD level,
the value will be disregarded.

16. Safety and EMC


The rectifier meets safety standards such as UL/EN/IEC 60950-2000 and
NEBS. It also satisfies the safety requirements of CE. The details are listed
in Table 1-6.

Table 1-6: Safety and EMC


Item Standard Class
AC Port:
4kV/2Ω
6kV/12Ω for com.
EN61000-4-5 DC Port:
Surge 800V/2Ω
immunity CAN Bus:
1kV diff. / 2kV com.

GR-1089-CORE R4-8, R4-9, R4-24, R-25

AC and DC Port: 4kV


EN 61000-4-4
EFT CAN Bus: 1kV
GR-1089-CORE O2-8
EN 61000-4-2 and 8kV/15kV
ESD
GR-1089-CORE R2-1, R2-2, R2-3, O2-4
EN 61000-4-6 and 3Vrms 0.15-80MHz
Conducted
immunity
GR-1089-CORE R3-15, CO3-16, R3-17
EN 61000-4-6 10V 80-2GHz
Radiated
immunity
GR-1089-CORE R3-11, CR3-12
Mains
frequency
EN 61000-4-8 30A/m
Magnetic fields
immunity

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22 Rectifier Description

Item Standard Class


EN 55022.
Conducted Class B
CFR 47 Part 15
emissions
GR-1089-CORE R3-5(Class B)
Conducted
current GR-1089-CORE
R3-6
emissions
EN 55022
Radiated Class B
CFR 47 Part 15
emissions
GR-1089-CORE R3-1, R3-4(Class B)

17. Dimensions
132.5 mm (Height) X 88 mm (Width) X 287 mm (Depth)
18. Weight
Under 3.4 kg

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Installation and Test 23

Chapter 2 Installation and Test

2.1 Installing a Rectifier


The rectifier is installed in a 50 A shelf. The shelf is shown in Figure 2-1.
Terminal
Chassis
connecting 50A Connector Board

Ear Bracket

Figure 2-1: 50A Shelf

Note: The rectifier locks to the 50 A shelf through a latch located on the
underside of the rectifier. The latch and rectifier handle are interactive.
Push the handle into the rectifier’s front panel, and the latch will pop out
from the rectifier bottom; click the handle to pop it out from the rectifier’s
front panel, and the latch will retract back into the rectifier. The latch
mechanism is shown in Figure 2-2.

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24 Installation and Test

Latch

Handle

Figure 2-2: Handle/latch mechanism on the rectifier

Proceed as follows to install a rectifier:


1. Place the rectifier onto an unoccupied slot on the 50A shelf without
sliding it in completely.
2. Click the rectifier handle in order to pop it forwards out of the rectifier’s
front panel (this will also retract the latch mechanism located on the
underside of the rectifier).
3. Now push the rectifier completely into the shelf.
4. Push the handle into the front panel of the rectifier. This will make the
latch lock the rectifier securely to the shelf.
To pull out a rectifier, the user should proceed as follows:

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Installation and Test 25

1. Click the rectifier handle in order to pop it forwards out of the rectifier’s
front panel. This will retract the latch mechanism located on the
underside of the rectifier and thus unlock the rectifier from the shelf.
2. Slide the rectifier out by pulling forwards.
The 50A shelf with rectifiers and SCU installed is shown in Figure 2-3.
50A Rectifier

SCU

Figure 2-3: 50A shelf with rectifiers and SCU installed

CAUTION
Prevent equipment damage!
In order to prevent damage to the latching mechanism, do
not use excessive force on the rectifier handle when
pushing the rectifier into the shelf.

CAUTION
Prevent personal injury!
Take care when removing a rectifier that was in operation,
as rectifier surfaces could be very hot.

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26 Installation and Test

2.2 Startup and Test


Startup
The user only needs to set the current walk-in time when the rectifier starts
up. The time can be set from 8 to 100 seconds according to the actual
customer’s needs. The startup process that occurs in the rectifier when it is
switched on is shown in Figure 2-4.

Power On

Housekeeper starts up

DSP starts up

DSP judges if the N


rectifier status is
normal
Rectifier stops startup
Y
DC/DC starts up and alarms

Startup over and


rectifier starts
operating.
Figure 2-4: Internal rectifier startup process

Test
After the rectifiers are physically installed in the DC power cabinet, they
are ready for operation immediately after they are switched on. No tests
are required on the rectifiers before they are put into operation.

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Operation and Maintenance 27

Chapter 3 Operation and Maintenance

3.1 Fault Symptoms and Troubleshooting


The fault indicators that can be displayed by the rectifier are as follows:
power indicator (green) off, protection indicator (yellow) on, protection
indicator (yellow) flashing, alarm indicator (red) on, and alarm indicator
(red) flashing. Refer to Table 3.1 for a list of possible causes and corrective
actions.

Table 3-1: Troubleshooting


Symptom Possible cause(s) Suggested action(s)

No input voltage Make sure there is input voltage.


Power Replace the fuse with a new one
indicator Input polarity reversed or input fuse of the same capacity or
(green) off blown reconnect the input power
correctly.
AC input voltage outside the normal Ensure that the AC input voltage
range is within the acceptable range.
PFC over-voltage Replace the rectifier.

Current sharing function is disabled. Replace the rectifier.

Rectifier over-temperature protection, which could be caused by:


Protection
1. Remove any object that may
indicator 1. Fan blocked
be blocking the fan .
(yellow) on
2. Remove any object that may
2. Ventilation blocked (inlet or outlet)
be blocking the inlet or outlet.
3. Ambient temperature too high or 3. Lower the ambient
rectifier inlet too close to a heater. temperature, relocate the heater.
4. Rectifier not inserted into the slot 4. Insert the rectifier again
completely. properly.
Protection Check the communication
Rectifier communication failure
indicator cables.

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28 Operation and Maintenance

Symptom Possible cause(s) Suggested action(s)


(yellow)
flashing
Remove the rectifier from the
Alarm DC power system, restart the
indicator Rectifier over-voltage rectifier, and replace the rectifier
(red) on if the over-voltage condition still
persists.
Alarm
indicator Fan not operating. Replace the fan.
(red) flashing

3.2 Unbalanced Current Sharing


When multiple rectifiers are operating in parallel and the current sharing
unbalance among them is greater than 3%, check if the communication
cables are correctly connected.
If the current sharing unbalance still persists following the verification
suggested above, then replace the rectifier which has had its current
sharing function disabled.

3.3 Fan Replacement


The fan can be replaced should it have stopped functioning due to some
fault. The fan assembly is shown in Figure 3-1.
Follow the procedure below to replace the fan:
1. Loosen the 3 screws on the baffle (rectifier front cover) and remove the
baffle.
2. Unplug the power cable of the fan and remove the fan.
3. Place the new fan in the space vacated by the old fan.
4. Plug the fan power cable back into the corresponding socket. Push
back the fan (the side with the tag facing inward). Position the front
baffle back into place and fix it with the screws removed in step 1.

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Operation and Maintenance 29

Figure 3-1: Fan Replacement

3.4 Spare Parts


The rectifier has no spare parts except for the fan. Regional design centers
can order the fan through Emerson Network Power China. The model
number of the fan is FFB0812EHE.

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30 List of Abbreviations

List of Abbreviations

Abbreviation Description
A, kA, mA Ampere, kiloampere, milliampere
AC Alternating current
C Celsius or centigrade
CAN Controller area network protocol
CE Conformite Europeene
COM Common
CSU Central supervision unit
dB, dBrn, dBrnC, dBA, Decibels, dB above reference noise, dB above reference
dBµA, dBm noise with C-message weighting, A-weighted decibels, dB
relative to 1 microamp, dB referenced to 1 milliwatt
DC Direct current
DSP Digital signal processor
EFT Electrical fast transients
EMC Electromagnetic compatibility
EN European standard
ESD Electrostatic discharge
ETS General standard emitted by ETSI
ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute
GND Ground
GR General requirements document emitted by Telcordia
HVSD High voltage shutdown
HW Hardware
Hz, kHz, GHz, MHz Hertz, kiloHertz, gigaHertz, megaHertz
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
kg Kilogram
L Line
m, mm Meter, millimeter
N Neutral
NC Not connected
NEBS Network equipment building system

R48-3200 Rectifier User Manual


List of Abbreviations 31

PE Protective earth
PFC Power factor correction
RH Relative humidity
s, ms, µs Second, millisecond, microsecond
SCU Standard controller unit
SW Software
THD Total harmonic distortion
UL Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
V, Vac, Vdc, Vo, Vrms, Volt, Volt AC, Volt DC, output voltage, root mean square
mV, kV value of AC voltage, millivolt, kilovolt
W Watt
YD Chinese telecom standard
Ω Ohm

R48-3200 Rectifier User Manual