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# 2018

State Competition
Countdown Round
Problems 1−80

This booklet contains problems to be used
in the Countdown Round.

Raytheon Company
Northrop Grumman Foundation
U.S. Department of Defense
National Society of Professional Engineers
CNA Insurance
Phillips 66
Texas Instruments Incorporated
3Mgives
2018 MATHCOUNTS Art of Problem Solving

Founding Sponsors: National Society of Professional Engineers, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics and CNA Foundation

03-S18CDR

what is the value of m + n? 25. what is the value of 6x − 4y? 30. If she randomly guesses on every question. _____________ (integers) For how many integers n is 2 < n 2 < 20? 26. _____________ Yvonne takes a 10-question true and false test. _____________ If ab = 10. _____________ (cm) If three interlocking links of a chain have a total length of 23 cm. and each individual link is 9 cm long. of a chain composed of 27 links? 27. 34. of a regular hexagon whose longest diagonal has length 8 units? Copyright MATHCOUNTS. what is the value of (a + b)2 − (a − b)2? 32. what is the probability she gets at least 75% of the questions correct? Express your answer as a common fraction. What is the corrected rating? 28. What is the absolute difference. what is the total length. All rights reserved. Inc. _____________ For what value of n is (20192 – 20182) = (20182 −20172) + n? 33. When it was discovered that five of the twenty-five ratings used were each 10 points too low. The second-longest side of the triangle is 2018 inches long. _____________ (inches) The length of each side of scalene triangle ABC is a whole number of inches. in centimeters.24. 2017. How many distinct triangles can be formed by using three of the seven points? 29. in units. 2018 State Countdown Round . between the greatest possible perimeter and the least possible perimeter of the triangle? 31. in inches. _____________ (triangles) Six points are placed at the vertices of a regular hexagon. the mean rating was corrected. _____________ (units) What is the perimeter. and a seventh point is placed at the center of the hexagon. _____________ If 5x − y = 18 and 2x + y = −6. _____________ (points) The published mean rating of a new computer game was 63 points. _____________ If a regular 12-gon has exterior angles measuring m degrees each and has a total of n diagonals.

presses the reciprocal button. _____________ Oscar enters the number 2 in his scientific calculator. _____________ The portion of the number line from 1. He then raises this last result to the nth power. 1. The two rectangles intersect in square BCDG.6 A B C D 2. Inc. _____________ The ratio of the measures of the angles of a particular triangle is 1:3:5.85 is divided into five segments of equal length by points A. B.35. respectively. _____________ If 2n is a factor of 3384. what is the value of (x 2 − 2x + 1) − (−1 + x (−2 + x))? 40. 2017. All rights reserved. If the F E total area of concave hexagon ACEFGH is 64 units2. _____________ If x = −2018. what is the value of U(26) – U(24)? Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 42. C and D. What is the degree measure of the largest angle? 45. What is the number associated with point C? Express your answer as a decimal to the nearest hundredth. _____________ Stages 1. where n is an integer. _____________ What is the smallest positive integer n for which 4 is an integer? 3 37. _____________ Twice u is 3 less than 5 times u. 2 and 3 of a regular pattern are shown here. as shown. each time getting a new result. _____________ (units) In the figure. Caitlin will be twice as old as Harry was 15 years ago. _____________ What is the sum of the number of the way from 358 to 383 and the number 3 10 of the way from 496 to 484? 8 38.6 to 2. He presses the square root button. What is the value of u? Copyright MATHCOUNTS. ACDH and BCEF are rectangles of areas 50 and 30 units2. and presses the square root button again. If the upward-pointing triangles are shaded and if U(n) is the number of shaded triangles at Stage n. What is the value of n? 39. what is the H G D perimeter of the hexagon. and gets an answer of 16.85 (degrees) 44. what is the greatest possible integer value of n? 43. _____________ (years) Harry is 10 years older than Caitlin. in units? A B C 41. In 15 years. How many years old is Harry now? n2 3 36. 2018 State Countdown Round .

_____________ (units2) If 3x 3 – 93x 2 + 933x – 3003 = 0 can be factored as 3(x – a)(x – b)(x – c) = 0 for some numbers a. What is the absolute difference. what is the radius of the circle she should construct? 14 2 49. 2018 State Countdown Round .5% of 888? 57. of a rectangular prism with edge lengths a. _____________ If x2 + x = 6. Tiger turned twice the age LeBron turned. in square units. Tiger turned four times the age LeBron turned. Marcia wants to construct a third circle with the same center that will divide the shaded region into two parts with equal area. _____________ (cm) The circles of radius 2 cm and 14 cm shown in the figure are concentric.4 × n = 12. b and c? 51.46. _____________ For what value of x does 5 x = ? 625 48. what is the value of r + s? 21 7 s 54. _____________ What is the least positive integer with at least five positive integer factors? r 3 21 53. what is the value of n? 52. In 1987. 4 in square feet. in kilometers per hour. During what year will Tiger and LeBron turn ages totaling 91? 50. b and c. for how many minutes will he have to boil the sugar water until it has a concentration of 100 g/L? Copyright MATHCOUNTS. for the round trip bike ride? 56. _____________ What number is 62. _____________ If 0. between the areas of the two squares? 55. If the water boils off at a rate of 10 mL per minute while the sugar stays in the pan. Inc. She rides down the same hill at 28 km/h. what is the surface area. In centimeters. He then heats the sugar water in a pan to create a more concentrated solution. All rights reserved. _____________ Tiger Woods and LeBron James were both born on December 30. what is the least possible value of 4x + 3? 1 47. _____________ If = = . _____________ (km/h) Allison rides her bike up a steep hill at 4 km/h. In 1993. What is Allison's average speed. _____________ (minutes) Greg disolves 10 grams of sugar in 250 mL of water. 2017. _____________ (ft2) The figure shows a circle of radius 4 feet inscribed in a square with a 75° second square inscribed in the circle.