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Reading Practice

In the Philippines, people celebrate All Saints Day and All Souls Day on November 1
and 2. During this time, Filipinos would go back to their respective provinces /
hometowns to commemorate the death of their loved ones. I think this is similar to
what the Japanese would call as the Obon.

This is also a good opportunity for Filipinos to reunite with their relatives
relatives, especially that during this time, students are on their semestral break.
In my case, I'm going to Lipa City, some 75 km away from my house in Manila to
visit the grave of my grandfather and great grandmother, and also to meet my
grandmother, aunt and uncle, cousins, and nephews and nieces. I haven't seen them
yet since I came back to the Philippines so I'm really excited to see them.

Transportation Problem in Manila

Whenever people ask me where the best places are in the Philippines, I'd tell them,
"Go to Cebu or Davao, or the places surrounding Manila but don't go to Manila."
That's because the traffic in Manila is horrible. With the exception of long
holidays, the roads of Manila are full of cars. It is said that there are____
people in Manila and during daytime, people from surrounding places would go to
Manila to work and the population can go as high as ___. It wouldn't be a surprise
then if the traffic is really bad.

There have been various solutions to this problem, such as number coding and color
coding, and building new roads. In the southern part of Metro Manila, Near my house
for example, they're building a road named "C5 Extension." Thanks to that road, it
is easier to travel by car to my house.

In the northern part of Metro Manila, Quezon City, where my university is, the
government is currently building a line called MRT 7 in order to connect to the
provinces up north.

However, while this will certainly make it easier for people to travel to the
center. chuo, it won't reduce the number of private cares on the road. Filipinos
especially those belonging to the middle and upper class love convenience and would
rather ride their cars. In that sense, Filipinos are resistant to change.

In the same way, there are so many bus companies in the Philippines, unlike in
Japan. And there is the resistance for these companies to merge and form a
conglomerate because of the bureaucratic process in addition to the fear of the
owners that they will lose profit.

Because of this, there are different buses operating at the same time which makes
the road crowded. Because of the traffic, it's difficult to accurately estimate the
time of arrival. To do theis there has to be a predictable flow of traffic. This
can be done by reducing the volume of cars on the street. And this would definitely
require a change of attitude on the side of the people. The people should be
willing to walk more to stations. It also has to be more convenient for them to
transfer between lines.
This is definitely going to be a big change and I think it won't be done in the
near future. But with a strong political will on the side of the government, it
will be easier.

What if there's a time dependent fare? Off peak hours would cost half as much? That
would definitely encourage people to leave their houses early. But pricing has to
be studied thoroughly.