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You are on page 1of 6

Please submit ONE soft copy (pdf only) of your assignment to Canvas (Assignments)

before the deadline. NO LATE Submission! (Zero mark!)

S1 Amplitude S2

Amplitude

f/kHz 2 3 f/kHz

2 3

We need to transmit these two baseband signals S1 and S2 using amplitude modulation on

different frequency bands centered at 10 MHz, and 12 MHz, respectively.

1) Draw the resulting frequency spectrum containing the Two modulated signals in

ONE graph. Clearly label all the frequency.

2) What is the bandwidth of each modulated signal?

3) If we want to capture signal S2 (the carrier is 12 MHz) only, what kind of filter we

can apply? Clearly write down the characteristic of the filter. (Assume an ideal

filter is considered!)

4) After filtering in part 3), what will be all the additional processes in order to

recover the baseband signal S2? Clearly describe all the processes.

5) Draw the frequency spectrum/spectra for all the additional processes in part 4).

Clearly label all the frequency.

Solution:

1) The spectrum of the two modulated signals:

1 of 6

2) The bandwidth for each modulated signal is 6 kHz.

3) We can apply a bandpass filter with low cutoff frequency at 11.997 MHz and

the high cutoff frequency at 12.003 MHz

4) Process 1: Mix the filtered signal with the same carrier (12 MHz) again.

Process 2: Apply a lowpass filter with the cutoff frequency at 3 kHz to recover

the original baseband signals.

5) Process 1:

24 MHz

Process 2:

Lowpass filter with cutoff frequency at 3 kHz

24 MHz

2 of 6

2. [4] Suppose we want to transmit some binary sequence: 0111100011 using 1 volt to

represent bit 1 and -1 volt to represent bit 0. We will send 1 bit per second as the voltage

waveform in the time-domain using analog signal. During the transmission, the following

additive noise is presented as shown:

Noise

2

1.6

1.2

0.8

Voltage Level

0.4

-0.4

-0.8

-1.2

-1.6

-2

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

time(s)

1) Assume that the noise is additive, draw the waveform of the output signal (received

signal).

2) Assume that threshold detection is used at the receiver, what is the binary output of

the received signal if the threshold is set to be 0 volt?

3) How many bits are in error?

3 of 6

Solution:

1)

2) 1111000010

3 bits are in error.

4 of 6

3. [3] Given the following truth table with inputs A, B & C and output Y:

A B C Y

0 0 0 1

0 0 1 1

0 1 0 0

0 1 1 0

1 0 0 0

1 0 1 0

1 1 0 0

1 1 1 0

Solution:

𝑌 𝐴 𝐵 𝐶 𝐴 𝐵 𝐶 𝐴 𝐵

Note: There are many other answers. As long as Y complies with the truth table, the

answer will be considered correct.

A

B

C Y

A

B

C

Or:

A Y

B

5 of 6

4. [3] Answer the followings:

1) What is the biggest binary number (decimal value) you can write with 6 bits?

Solution: 63

2) What is the biggest binary number (decimal value and in terms of n) you can write

with n bits?

Solution: 2 1

3) If you want to represent the decimal numbers from 0 – 12, what is the minimum

number of bits you will need?

Solution: 4 bits

4) Convert the decimal number 438 to binary number.

Solution (short division or look-up table):

1 2 1 2 0 2 1 2 1 2 0 2 1 2 1 2 0 2

𝟏𝟏𝟎𝟏𝟏𝟎𝟏𝟏𝟎

Short division:

2 438 0

2 219 1

2 109 1

2 54 0

2 27 1

2 13 1

2 6 0

2 3 1

2 1

= 110110110

6 of 6

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