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GE Oil & Gas

Heavy Duty Gas Turbine


Introduction & General Overview
Introduction & General Overview

A ‘Gas Turbine’ is a rotating


engine, able to continuously
convert thermal energy into
mechanical energy

 High specific power engine (light and  Output Power ranges from 5MW up to
powerful machines) about 500MW
 High speed rotating machine  Efficiency ranges from 25% to 40%
 Capable to drive electrical power  May use a wide variety of fuels (both gas
generators (GD = Generator Drive and liquid types)
applications) or pumps & compressors
 It may be operated continuously, without
(MD = Mechanical Drive applications)
any stop, up to one year

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
Introduction & General Overview

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
Introduction & General Overview

HEAVY DUTY

SINGLE SHAFT DOUBLE SHAFTS

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Introduction & General Overview
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Introduction & General Overview

EXHAUST GAS
for reference only INLET AIR COMBUSTORS
FUEL


STARTING AUXILIARY AXIAL LOAD
MOTOR COMPRESSOR
GEARBOX

COUPLING TURBINE COUPLING

(50%) (100%) (50%)


Here above are the percentage values of power
shared among the axial compressor and the
load typical for Heavy Duty Gas Turbines
Single shaft Gas
Turbines usually drive
Power Generators

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Introduction & General Overview
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Introduction & General Overview

VARIABLE EXHAUST GAS


for reference only INLET AIR COMBUSTORS NOZZLES
FUEL


STARTING AUXILIARY AXIAL LOAD
MOTOR COMPRESSOR
GEARBOX

COUPLING COUPLING

HIGH PRESSURE (HP) POWER TURBINE


module (PT)

Double shafts Gas


Turbines are often used
for Mechanical Drive

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
Gas Turbines Applications
in the Oil & Gas Industries
Gas Turbines Applications

Liquefied Natural
Gas Booster, Pipeline Gas Plants
Petrochemical
and Re-injection
Plants

GE Oil & Gas


Gas Turbines

Power Generation and District Heating


Cogeneration Plants
Offshore Applications
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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
Gas Turbines Applications

Centrifugal and Axial


Electrical Power Generators
Compressors
GE Oil & Gas
Gas Turbines

Reciprocating Compressors Centrifugal Pumps

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
Gas Turbines Applications

MS 1001*
PGT 2*
PGT5-1
GE 5-1
PG
GE 10-1
MS 5001
MS 6001
MS 7001
MS 9001
* Out of production,
upgrade are available

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Introduction & General Overview
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Gas Turbines Applications

MS 1002*
PGT5/2
GE 5/2**
PGT 10/2
GE 10/2
MS 3002*
MS 5002
MS 6001***
MS 7001***
MS 9001*** MD * Out of production, upgrade are available
*** GE Single Shaft Gas Turbine used for MD
applications in special process, such as LNG

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Introduction & General Overview
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Gas Turbines Applications

Combining a Gas Turbine with a steam cycle is a solution that allows to increase
both efficiency and power of installation.

STACK
RECOVERING BOILER
(HRSG)

EXHAUST GAS
FUEL
STEAM

 STEAM
TURBINE
(ST)
GAS TURBINE
(GT) GENERATOR

FEED
AIR
PUMP

CONDENSER

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Introduction & General Overview
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Gas Turbines Applications

High temperature (~500°C) and high specific flow of GT exhaust gases (>10kg/kW) are sent to a
heat recovery system to produce steam (~1kg/s steam are generated by 8÷10 kg/s gas).
The Steam Turbine (ST) produces about 50% of power compared with the Gas Turbine (GT).
STACK
RECOVERING BOILER
(HRSG)
The ST power is generated at “zero fuel
EXHAUST GAS consumption”, as the combustion occurs
FUEL
only in the GT.
STEAM
As a consequence, the combined cycle

 STEAM efficiency is about 1,5 times the efficiency


TURBINE of a GT simple cycle and at least 1,2
(ST) times the efficiency of an equivalent
GAS TURBINE
(GT) GENERATOR conventional steam plant.

FEED
AIR
PUMP

CONDENSER

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Introduction & General Overview
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Gas Turbines Applications
Inner Turbine Shell

Stage 1 Stage 2
H R SG
Shroud Shroud
• F o rc ed o r N at u r al C i rc u la tio n
• 3 P re ss u r e R e h e at Ex ha us t
HR S G
to S t ac k
H P S t ea m Hot C o ld
R e h e at R e h e at
S te am S te a m L P S te am

Comb

T C HP IP /L P G en er ato r

G as T u r b in e S te am T u rb in e G e n e ra to r
• M S 90 01 H (5 0 H z ) Air
• M S 70 01 H (6 0 H z )

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products
GE Oil & Gas Products
JET

“PURE AERONAUTICAL”
HEAVY DUTY “PENGUIN TURBINES”

SINGLE SHAFT DOUBLE SHAFTS

INDUSTRIAL & MARINE USE


LM SERIES
INDUSTRIAL USE

INDUSTRIAL USE PGT/GE SERIES


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Introduction & General Overview
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GE Oil & Gas Products

GE 5-1 5.5 MW  High Efficiency,


GE 5-2 5.6 MW Reliability & Availability
GE 10-1 11.2 MW  Low Life- Cycle Costs
GE 10-2 11.7 MW  Application Flexibility
LM 1600/PGT 16 14.2 MW  Fuel Flexibility
LM 2000/PGT 20 18.1 MW  Low Emissions
LM 2500/PGT 25 23.2 MW
MS 5001PA 26.3 MW
MS 5002C 28.3 MW
MS 5002E 30.0 MW
LM 2500+/PGT 25+ 31.3 MW
MS 5002D 32.5 MW
MS 6001B 42.1 MW
LM 6000 43.0 MW
MS 7001EA 85.1 MW
Multi Shaft
MS 9001E 123.4 MW Single Shaft
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Introduction & General Overview
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GE Oil & Gas Products
 Single Shaft Gas Turbine
 11-stages compressor scaled from GE10
 SAC-DLE Combustion System
 High reliability & maintainability
 Compact package
 Low maintenance cost

Weight: 23.900 Kg

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS; MD)


 Output : 5.500 kW
 Efficiency : 30,7 %
 Heat Rate : 11.740 kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 19,6 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 574 ºC
 Nominal Speed : 16.630 rpm
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Introduction & General Overview
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GE Oil & Gas Products
 Two Shaft Gas Turbine suitable for
Centrifugal Compressors and Pumps
 High reliability & maintainability
 Compact package
 Low maintenance cost

Weight: 24.000 Kg

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS; MD)


 Output : 5.600 kW
 Efficiency : 31,5 %
 Heat Rate : 11.430 kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 20,0 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 556 ºC
 Nominal Speed : 12.500 rpm
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Introduction & General Overview
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GE Oil & Gas Products
 Derived from PGT10A (+2MLN hours of experience)
 Single shaft version optimized for power generation
 High efficiency, high pressure ratio (15,5:1) axial
compressor with less stages (11 vs. 17)
 DLN combustion system available
 Good reliability & maintainability
 Low maintenance cost (engine exchange available)
Weight: 34.000 Kg

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS; MD)


 Output : 11.250 kW Models are available with
 Efficiency : 31,4 %
horizontal or vertical
 Heat Rate : 11.480 kJ/kWh
combustion chamber,
 Ex. Gas Flow : 47,5 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 482 ºC according to customer request
 Nominal Speed : 11.000 rpm
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Introduction & General Overview
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GE Oil & Gas Products
 Designed and developed by Nuovo Pignone
 Two shaft version optimized for mechanical drive
 Ability to burn different fuels (natural gas, distillate
oil, low BTU fuel)
 Variable nozzles system for Power Turbine
 DLN combustion system available
 Low maintenance cost (engine exchange available)
Weight: 40.000 Kg
PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS; MD)
 Output : 11.982 kW Models are available with
 Efficiency : 33,3 %
horizontal or vertical
 Heat Rate : 11.060 kJ/kWh
combustion chamber,
 Ex. Gas Flow : 47,0 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 480 ºC according to customer request
 Nominal Speed : 7.900 rpm
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Introduction & General Overview
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GE Oil & Gas Products
L = 11,6m
 Single shaft heavy duty gas turbine
designed for long life & high reliability
 Easy operation and maintenance
 Single baseplate configuration
 DLN combustion system available
 Optimized for Power Generation
 Low investment costs
Weight: 87.500 Kg

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS; GD)


 Output : 26.300 kW
 Efficiency : 26,3 %
 Heat Rate : 12.650 kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 125 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 487 ºC
 Nominal Speed : 5.100 rpm
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Introduction & General Overview
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GE Oil & Gas Products
L = 15m

 Two shaft heavy duty GT designed for MD with


long life & high reliability
 16-stages (17 for MS5002D) axial compressor
 Variable nozzles system for LP Turbine
 DLN combustion system available
 Low investment & maintenance costs
Weight: 110.000 Kg
 Easy operation and maintenance

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS)


5002C 5002D
 Output : 28.340 32.580 kW
 Efficiency : 28,8 29,4 %
 Heat Rate : 12.470 12.240 kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 124,3 141,4 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 517 509 ºC
 PT Nominal Speed : 4.670 4.670 rpm
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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products
L = 17m
 Two shaft heavy duty GT designed in both PG &
MD application
 Axial compressor derived from GE10
 Reliability & efficiency as key factors
 Moderate firing temperature
 GE’s state-of-the-art DLN combustion technology
 Double shaft heavy duty gas turbine suitable for
MD and GD Weight: 117.000 Kg

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS)


 Output : 30.000 kW
 Efficiency : 36,4 %
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 523 ºC
 PT Nominal Speed : 6.100 rpm
 NOx Emission : 25 ppm

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products
 Single shaft heavy duty gas turbine
 Proven suitability for both Power Generation
and Mechanical Drive applications , as
required by LNG plants
 High efficiency (particularly in combined
cycles), availability and reliability
Weight: 96.000 Kg

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS)


MD GD
 Output : 43.530 (shaft) 42.100 (el.) kW
 Efficiency : 33,1 (shaft) 32,6 (el.) %
 Heat Rate : 10.850 (shaft) 11.230 (el.) kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 140 141,1 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 540 548 ºC
 Nominal Speed : 5.100 5.100 rpm
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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products
 Single shaft heavy duty gas turbine developed
specifically for Power Generation in the 60Hz market
 Also suitable for Mechanical Drive applications with
large compressor trains, as required by LNG plants
 Proven high reliability and availability experienced
by more than 850 units in service Weight: 121.000 Kg
 Strong efficiency performance in simple and combined cycle applications

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS)


MD GD
 Output : 81.600 (shaft) 85.100 (el.) kW
 Efficiency : 32,7 (shaft) 32,7 (el.) %
 Heat Rate : 11.020 (shaft) 11.000 (el.) kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 300 292 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 540 540 ºC
 Nominal Speed : 3.600 3.600 rpm
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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products
 Single shaft heavy duty gas turbine
developed specifically for Power
Generation in the 50Hz market
 Also suitable for Mechanical Drive
applications with large compressor trains
as required by LNG plants
Weight: 217.000 Kg
 In combined cycles, MS9001 achieves very high efficiencies,
with availability and reliability higher than conventional thermal plants

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS)


 Output : 126.000 kW
 Efficiency : 33,8 %
 Heat Rate : 10.650 kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 418 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 543 ºC
 Nominal Speed : 3.000 rpm
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Introduction & General Overview
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GE Oil & Gas Products

Cooling Optimization improves 9FA


gas turbine power output and base
load efficiency through a better
management of turbine section
clearances and cooling air flows.

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products

Florence, Italy Greenville (SC), USA Belfort, France

Machine GT MW Machine GT MW Machine GT MW

GE10 11 7E 85 6FA 70

7FA 172 9E 123

FR5 ~30
7H 400 (CC)
9FA 255

9FA 255 6B 42.2

9H 500 (CC)

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products
 First unit in operation in 1991
 Based on LM1600 Gas Generator and
developed by NP as heavy duty power turbine
 High efficiency
 Proven reliability in MD and PG applications
 Effective DLE system
Weight: 19.000 Kg

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS)


MD GD
 Output : 14.250 13.730 kW
 Efficiency : 36,2 34,9 %
 Heat Rate : 9.940 10.315 kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 47,4 47,4 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 493 493 ºC
 PT Nominal Speed : 7.900 7.900 rpm
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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products
 Designed starting from GE aeroderivative
LM2500 gas generator
 First unit installed in 1983
 MD & PG fleet firing hours exceed
1.800.000
 Power Turbine designed by Nuovo Pignone
in the early 1980s

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS) Weight: 38.000 Kg

MD GD
 Output : 23.260 22.420 kW
PGT25 Power Turbine
 Efficiency : 37,7 36,3 %
 Heat Rate : 9.560 9.920 kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 68,9 68,9 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 525 525 ºC
 PT Nominal Speed : 6.500 6.500 rpm
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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products
 Designed starting from GE aeroderivative LM2500+
gas generator
 High pressure ratio (23:1) 17-stages axial
compressor with adjustable stator vanes
 DLE combustion system available
 High efficiency and reliability
 Power Turbine designed by Nuovo Pignone (HSPT)

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS; MD & GD)


 Output : 31.360 kW
 Efficiency : 41,1 %
 Heat Rate : 8.755 kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 84,3 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 500 ºC
 PT Nominal Speed : 6.100 rpm

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products
 Designed starting from GE aeroderivative
LM2500+G4 gas generator
 High pressure ratio (24:1) 17-stages axial
compressor with adjustable stator vanes
 DLE combustion system available
 High efficiency and reliability
 Power Turbine designed by Nuovo Pignone (HSPT)

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS; MD & GD)


 Output : 34.000 kW
 Efficiency : 41,1 %
 Heat Rate : 8.700 kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 89,0 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 510 ºC
 PT Nominal Speed : 6.100 rpm

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products
 Most efficient GT in its class
 Proven high reliability and availability with more
than 3.000.000 of operating hours
 Two axial compressors (5-stages LPC + 14-stages
HPC) with a high pressure ratio (28.5:1)
 Suitable for both MD and GD applications
 DLE combustion system available Weight: 31.000 Kg

PERFORMANCE (@ ISO CONDITIONS)


 Output : 44.800 kW
 Efficiency : 42,7 %
 Heat Rate : 8.700 kJ/kWh
 Ex. Gas Flow : 131,0 kg/s
 Ex. Gas Temp. : 450 ºC
 PT Nominal Speed : 3.600 rpm

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
GE Oil & Gas Products

Florence, Italy Evendale (OH), USA Lynn (MA), USA

Machine GT MW Machine GT MW Machine GT MW

PGT16 14.3 LM1600 GG 14.3 LM1600 GG 14.3

LM2500 GG 23.9
PGT25 23.9

LM2500 23.9
6-stage
PGT25+ 31.3
HSPT LM2500+ 31,3
6-stage

LM6000 43.9

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Introduction & General Overview
June 2013
Thank you.

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Introduction & General Overview
maggio 2013