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Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer

House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK

Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information:

http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcie20

lines

a b

Yo‐Yu Sun

a

Department of Electrical Engineering , National Taiwan University , Taipei, Taiwan,

R.O.C.

b

Department of Electrical Engineering , Chung Shan Institute of Science and

Technology

Published online: 04 May 2011.

To cite this article: Yo‐Yu Sun (1978) Matrix theorems of multiconductor transmission lines, Journal of the Chinese

Institute of Engineers, 1:2, 37-41, DOI: 10.1080/02533839.1978.9676612

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Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Vol. 1, No. 2, PP. 37—41, (1978)

MATRIX THEOREMS OF

MULTICONDUCTOR TRANSMISSION LINES

Yo-Yu Sun*

National Taiwan University

Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.

ABSTRACT

pertaining to the analysis of electrical multiconductor transmission lines.

In principle, the formulations are also applicable to coupled mechanical

Downloaded by [Nanyang Technological University] at 21:30 03 March 2015

systems.

m m

INTRODUCTION

-c,In

For uniformly coupled lossless (n+1) — con:

ductor transmission lines (See Fig. 1), the voltages [C] = [2b]

and currents are described by the equation pair

- — X. (x,s) = s [ L ] I ( x , s ) '[la] -c nl

dx

In case the structure is reciprocal as what is to be

- — 1 (x,s) = s[C] V ( x , s ) [lb] =

considered, then L¡: = L:J and Cįj CJĮ for i^j. In

QX.

other words, [L] and [C] are symmetric matrices.

where V and ]_ denote n x 1 voltage and current

matrices, respectively; x is the distance measured GROUNDs

along the line and s is the Laplace transform variable.

The per-unit-length inductance matrix [L] and ca- O

pacitance matrix [C] are defined as follows

« 2 0

Lu L 12 "In

L

21 L22.

[L] = [2a] « m

nl

Fig 1.

*Department of Electrical Engineering, Chung Shan Institute

of Science and Technology.

- 37 -

J.C.I.E., Vol. I, No. 2, (1978)

I"1)1 = [D] [7a]

voltage and current wave equations

T T

[N] [L][C]([N]-') = [D] [7b]

2

V (x, s)= -co 2 [L] [C] V(x,s) [3a]

dx A comparison of Eqs. [5a] and [7b] will lead

_d 2 one to conclude that between [M] ~ 1 and [N]

2 1 (x,s)= - c o 2 [C] [L] J, (x,s) [3b] there can differ at most by a factor which is a

dx

diagonal matrix, i.e.

where s has been assigned jco to insure losslessness,

I"1 = [N]T

J=(-D 1/2

If the multiconductor system propagates exact or [N] T [M] = [d M ] [8a]

TEM-mode waves with a unique wave velocity V,

then where [dj^] is the diagonal matrix. Similarly, com-

= V-2[E] [4] paring Eqs. [5b] and [7a], another diagonal matrix

[dj^j] brings out the equality

[E] designates an n x n unit matrix. This case has

Downloaded by [Nanyang Technological University] at 21:30 03 March 2015

[¿NUN]" 1 = [M] T

been fully studied and many microwave devices

were designed on the basis of this assumption(l). or [M] T [N] = [d N ] [8b]

So long as the dielectric surrounding the transmis-

Eqs. [8a] and [8b] together imply that a diagonal

sion lines is nonhomogeneous, quasi TEM-mode

matrix [d] exists such that

wave propagation i.e., wave propagation with more

than one velocity, will occur. Therefore, [L] [C] is [dMl = [<W = [d] = [M] T [N] = [N] T [M] Q.E.D. [9]

no longer equal to [C] [L]. This general case has

also been investigated extensively in recent years

(2) - (9). Nevertheless, to the author's knowledge, Theorem II

several matrix relations regarding the quasi TEM- The modal matrices [M] and [N] are related as

mode transmission lines seem to have escaped the

researchers' attention. This work intends to report [C] [M] = [N] [d n ]

them in the form of theorems. [L] [N] = [M] [d m ]

and

MATRIX THEOREMS

In the above, [L] and [C] have been assumed where [d m ] and [d n ] are diagonal matrices.

symmetric. Actually, they are not only symmetric Proof: Eqs. [5a] and [5b] can be rewritten as

but also positive definite (2). Employing a matrix

theorem on simultaneous reduction of two quadratic ^ C H L ] [C][M]=[D] [10a]

forms (10), it is readily shown that the modal ma- ^LJIC] [L][N] =[D] [10b]

trices [M] and [N] always exist such that

A comparison between Eqs. [5a] and [10b] as

[M] [L] [C] [M] = [D] [5a] well as [5b] and [10a] yields the equalities

[5b]

[ N ] " 1 [C] [L] [N ] = [D] [L] [N] =. [M] [d m ] [lia]

where [D] is a diagonal matrix, viz. [C] [M] = [N] [d,,] [lib]

V;, 0 "

Now, in view of Eqs. [1] and [2] it is readily ob-

[D] = [6] tained that

1 0 '••v-

n

2

[d m ][d n ] = [d n ][d m ] = [D] Q.E.D. [12]

Vį is the i mode wave propagation velocity. In passing, it is noted that for quasi TEM-

mode transmission lines, [d m ] and [d n ] can never

Theorem I be scalar matrices simultaneously.

Between [M] and [N], there exists the relation

Theorem III

[M] T [N] = [N] T [M] = [d] Let f(cv) be an arbitrary function of a, then

where [d] is a diagnoal matrix, and T indicates

transpose. Proof: Taking transpose of Eqs. [5a] and

[C]f([L][C]) = Î([U [L]) [C]

[5b], one has

- 38

Y. Y. Sun: Multiconductor Transmission Lines

Proof: In matrix theory, it is well known that when sidered. The per-unit-length inductance and capaci-

two matrices commute, they share the same modal tance matrices are measured to have the values

matrix for similarity transformation (10). Then, from

[5a] and [5b], one has

= f([D]) [13a] 2 1

[L] = nH/cm

= f([D]) [13b)

-12

L

22

1 3

since f([L] [C]) and f([C] [L]) commute with [L] [C]

and [C] [L] respectively, where f([D]) is a diagonal

matrix. Eqs. [13a] and [13b] can be rewritten as 5 -3~

-c

1

[14a] [C] 12 pF/cm

-C l2 -3 6

[14b]

From Eq. [ l i a ] . where the L-'s and C-'s are explained in Fig.2(b).

Downloaded by [Nanyang Technological University] at 21:30 03 March 2015

[L] = [M [15a]

[14b] from the left side and notice the fact that e-/.

f([D]) and [d m ] commute, thus,

C20^ ^

[16a] (b)

[C] = [ N H D D Į N ] - 1 [15b]

And, The modal matrices [M] and [N] are found as

follows.

Q.E.D. [16b]

2 1 5 -3 * 7 O"

EXAMPLE x!0'21 = xlO' 21

1 3_ - 3 6 -4 15

To illustrate the validity of the theorems

developed in the last section, a particular structure

Then, the two eigenvalues of [L][C] are seen to be

consisting of two nonidentical coupled strip transmis-

Xj=7, X 2 =15. Corresponding to Xj and X2, we have

sion lines fabricated on a dielectric plate which sits

2

over a ground plane as shown in Fig. 2(a) is con- the eigenvectors , ° , respectively. Therefore,

^2 0

[M] =

1 1

7 -4

21

x 10

0 15

15xl0' 2 1 . However, the corresponding eigenvectors

LoJ

1 1

[N] =

-2

- 39 -

J.C.I.E., Vol. 1, No. 2, (1978)

x 10"

while -2.449 4.898

10' ,[c l n ]=

12 9

f mJ =

d X xlO" It is observed that these two matrices are the

_0 0 -5 characteristic impedance and admittance matrices

"x 1 "7 0"

of the coupled transmission line under considera-

tion (9). They are inverse to each other, so their

[D]= = x 10"

product is a unit matrix.

0

h 0 15

Furthermore, it is interesting to notice that

1/2 /2

([L][C])~ is the transpose of ([C] [L])-' just

as if there were no appearance of the negative half

With these matrices, Theorems I and II are checked power.

straightforwardly.

As to Theorem III, f(a) is arbitrarily taken CONCLUDING REMARKS

Downloaded by [Nanyang Technological University] at 21:30 03 March 2015

as a~ \ It is henceforth to verify

v

= ([L][C])- [L]

1/2

are taken concerned with multiconductor transmis-

sion lines. However, they are also definitely as-

[C] ([L][C])-

I/2

= ([C][L])-' [C]

/;

sociated with coupled lossless mechanical systems

which are well known for their parallelism in

mathematical formulations with electrical circuits.

From Eq. [13]. Moreover, there are possibly other coupled physical

" 2X7* 0 systems which are subject to these matrix relations.

These theorems are not only helpful in

analyzing coupled systems, they are also useful in

-V4

evaluating many matrix parameters for such systems

x~'/2 .- as illustrated in the given example.

REFERENCES

1.195

1. Matsumoto, A., Microwave Filters and Circuits,

x 10 - 1 0

Advances in Microwaves, Supplement 1, Acade-

0.189 0.817 mic Press, New York, (1970).

2. Chang, F.Y., "Transient Analysis of Lossless

-Vi -'Ą -Vi

Coupled Transmission Lines in Nonhomo-

2X, X, - X 2 geneous Dielectric Medium", IEEE Transac-

tions on Microwave Theory and Techniques,

([L][C])-'/2= J Vol. MTT-18,No.9,pp.616-626, (1970).

-Vz

0 2X 2 3. Amemiya, H., "Time Domain Analysis of Mul-

tiple Parallel Transmission Lines", RCA Re-

view, Vol.28, pp.241-276, (1967).

1.195 0.189

4. Ho, C.W., "Theory and Computer-aided An-

x 10 - 1 0 alysis of Lossless Transmission Lines", IBM

0.817 Journal of Research and Development, Vol. 17,

pp.249-255, (1973).

5. Marx, K.D., "Propagation Modes, Equivalent

Therefore,

Circuits, and Characteristic Terminations for

Multiconductor Transmission Lines with Inho-

'/2 = ([L][C]r 1 / 2 [L] mogeneous Dielectric", IEEE Transactions on

Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol.

23.90 11.95 MTT-21, No.7, pp.450-457, (1973).

6. Sun, Y.Y., "On the Properties of the Product

11.95 26.38 of the Impedance and Admittance Matrices of

Three-conductor Transmission Lines", Pro.

IEEE.,Vol. 63, No.1, pp.201-202, (1975).

- 40 -

Y. Y. Sun: Multiconductor Transmission Lines

7. Tripathi, V.K., "Asymmetric Coupled Trans- Transmission Line Directional Coupler", In-

mission Lines in an Inhomogeneous Medium", ternational Journal of Electronics, Vol. 41,

IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and No.2,pp.125-136, (1976).

Techniques, Vol. MTT-23, No.9, pp.734-739, 10. Wilkinson, J.H., The Algebraic Eigenvalue

(1975). Problem, Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp.1-65,

8. Bhattacharyya, B.B., et al., "A General Theory (1965).

of Decoupling a System of Lossless Coupled

Lines Using Linear Transformations", Journal

of the Franklin Institute, Vol.32, No.1, pp.55- Manuscript Received : September 2,1977;

83, (1976). Revision Received: December 28, 1977;

9. Sun, Y.Y., "Analysis of a Generalized Coupled Accepted : December 31, 1977.

Downloaded by [Nanyang Technological University] at 21:30 03 March 2015

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