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Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources

Directorate General of New Renewable Energy and Mineral Resources

Bioenergy Development Based on


Energy Forest

Rida Mulyana
Director General for New, Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources

Green Growth Implementation: Improving community lifelihood


through Renewable Energy Development

Bonn, Germany, 15 November 2017

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Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia
Renewable Energy Target
• Government of Indonesia commits to increase the share of NRE in the national
energy mix to 23% by 2025.
o Decreasing dependence on fossil fuels
o Promote economic development and
o Ensure nationwide energy security.
• Reducing GHG Emissions
Share of RE
23% by 2025

Renewable
Energy Target
Emission Reduction
314 MTon CO2 by 2030

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Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia
National Primary Energy Mix Target by 2025

According to Rencana Umum Energi Nasional/RUEN (National


General Energy Plan)
1. Geothermal PP, 7,2 GW
2. Hydro PP, 17,9 GW
RE 3.
4.
Small Hydro PP, 3 GW
Bioenergy PP, 5,5 GW
Gas
69,2 45 GW 5. Solar PP, 6,5 GW
Coal
22% 23% MTOE
6.
7.
Wind PP, 1,8 GW
Others, 3,1 GW

30% ~ 400 92,2


23% MTOE Biofuel 13,69*)
MTOE Million kilo liter
NRE 8,4
Biomassa Million ton
23,0
25% Biogas 489,8
MTOE Million m3

46,0
Oil CBM mmscfd

*) biofuel for power plant is not included (0,7 million kL in year 2025)

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia


The Forest produce various of biomass

• Indonesia is blessed with some


of the world’s most extensive
and biologically diverse
tropical forests.
• The forests produce various
kinds of biomass, either as
residues alternative products
or dedicated tree plantations.

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Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia
Bioenergy for Energy Security

• The government plans to stimulate


restoration of degraded lands, marginal
lands owned by government,
abandoned mining land and used them
as energy forest.
• Bioenergy Development has been
decided as our potential way forward
for energy security and sustainable
development, given its large potential
and distributed nationwide.

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia


Bioenergy as a part of Action Plan on Energy Sector to achieve NDC Target
Energy Actions:
• Renewable Energy
• Mitigation : 314 Million Ton CO2
• Energy Efficiency
• Cost Estimation : Rp 3500 Trilion = 259 Billion USD
• Clean Technology
• Fuel Switching
• Post Mining Reclamation

Oil and Gas


RE - Electricity Energy Efficiency & Conservation
• Activity (Production): 48,9 GW • Activity (Saving) : 117 TWh • Activity:
• Mitigation: 156,6 M Ton CO2 • Mitigation: 96,3 M Ton CO2 Convertion of Kerosen to LPG : 5,6 M Ton
• Cost Estimation: 125 Billion USD • Cost Estimation: 6.8 Billion USD Gas Station : 143,75 MMSCFD
Gas Network : 2,4 M Consumer
• Mitigation: 10 M Ton CO2
• Cost Estimation: 1.23 Billion USD

RE – Non Electricity Clean Technology


Reclamation of Post Mining
• Activity (Production): • Activity (Production): 102 GW
Biodiesel : 9,2 M KL • Mitigation : Rp.31,8 M Ton CO2 • Activity: 145,2 Thousand HA
Biogas : 19,4 M M3 • Cost Estimation : 120 Billion USD • Mitigation: 5,5 M Ton CO2
• Mitigation: 13,8 M Ton CO2 • Cost Estimation : 0.3 Billion USD
• Cost Estimation: 6.2 Billion USD

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia


Degraded Land for Bioenergy
Category
Less Critical

Critical

Very Critical

Source: Ministry of Environment and Forestry, 2013

3 Highest Potential:

Million

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Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia
Sustainable Forest Bioenergy Program
• MEMR and the MoEF collaborated to develop forest-based bioenergy which aims to
provide energy crops that can be utilized for power generation, biofuels and other
bioenergy products (pellets, biogas, etc)
• The development of forest-based bioenergy aims to improve community welfare and
provide added value to the community economy through the provision of affordable
and clean energy for electricity and biofuels based on forest resources as well as
contribute to reduce GHG emissions.
• Develop energy forest in Central Kalimantan on degraded land, critical land and
abandoned mining land in Pulang Pisau Regency and Katingan Regency, covering 63
thousand hectares
• Develop Integrated Biomass Power Plant (1 MW) on-grid with support from The
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry,
Local Government of West Sumba Regency and Private Company of Industrial Forest in
West Sumba Regency
• Preparing MoU and Cooperation Agreement of Energy Forest program in East
Kalimantan and South Sumatera
• The plants used for energy forest will come from non conventional bioenergy
feedstocks to avoid conflicts with food supply

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Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia
Supporting Policies and Research on Kemiri Sunan
• In December 2013, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR) and Ministry of
Agriculture (MoA) launched a reclamation program for ex-mining degraded land by planting
kemiri sunan for biodiesel in order to support national energy security in Research Institute for
Industrial and Refreshing Crops (Balittri), Pakuwon Sukabumi;
• MoU between MEMR and Local Government of Yogyakarta Province, MoA, Agency for the
Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), University of Pembangunan Yogyakarta and
other related institutions to develop kemiri sunan for biodiesel in 2.000 Ha degraded land;
• In July 2014, MEMR signed and MoU with Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) on
Energy Forest Bioenergy Based Program to optimize the utilization of forest crops for bioenergy
feedstock, both for electricity and biofuel. Following the MoU, MEMR established Cooperation
Forum on Biofuel – Based Kemiri Sunan in October 2014. The forum consists of related ministries
as well as supporting stakeholders;
• MOEF also added Kemiri Sunan in the list of revegetation crops on ex-mining land;
• Roadmap of kemiri sunan made by Indonesian Sweetener and Fiber Crops Research Institute
(Balittas) has targeted that in 2026 will produce high yield transgenic crops of kemiri sunan. So
far, Ministry of Agriculture has released 4 varieties of kemiri sunan.

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Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia
Aspect on Forest Bioenergy Development

Increase the supply of electricity and fuel by using renewable energy, particularly in the
1 eastern part of Indonesia and remote islands.

2 Substitute Diesel Power and serve as base load (fossil fuel substitution)

3 Use only for feedstock for electricity, biodiesel and / or other bioenergy products

May not increase the national electricity generation cost (will be focused on areas with
4 high concentration of Diesel Power)

5 Develop based on community engagement.

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Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia
“Kemiri Sunan” for Biodiesel
• Kemiri Sunan (Reutealis trisperma (Blanco) Airy
Shaw) is an environmental-friendly plant that
can be used as biodiesel feedstock
• Reduce emission by 85% compare to fossil fuel
• Non-toxic plant and biodegradable
• High Flashpoint that makes the fuel easy to
handle
• Creates jobs to improve the economic
condition of the community and enable the
community to produce their own fuel
• NO CONFLICT with food security

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Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia
Kemiri Sunan in West Kalimantan
• Kemiri Sunan will be planted in the
area of 5000 ha of Production Forest
in Kabupaten Landak, Mempawah
and Kubu Raya;
• In June 2016, Governor of West
Kalimantan signed MoU with Asia
Pulp & Paper Group (APP) and
Yayasan Belantara to support the
vision of Green Growth in West
Kalimantan and support Forest
Conservation Policy;
• It is expected that Kemiri Sunan in
the Production Forest will produce
Biodiesel around 30.000 – 40.000 ton
per year.

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Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia
Forest Energy Initiatives: Need Collaborative Action

MEMR

MEF MA
• MEMR: Ministry of Energy and Mineral
Resources
• MA: Ministry of Agreculture
• MNDP: Ministry of National Development
MASP MNDP Planning
• MEF: Ministry of Environment and
ENERGY Forrestry
• MASP: Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial
FOREST Planning.
• RG: Regional Government
LG RG • LG: Local Government
• Industry of Bioenergy (Private Sector)
• Community
• Offtakers (Pertamina, PLN)

Indust Com
Bio munity
Off-
taker

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Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia
Thank You
MINISTRY OF ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES
Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan No. 18, Jakarta

DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF NEW, RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY CONSERVATION


Jl. Pegangsaan Timur No.1 Menteng, Jakarta

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic of Indonesia