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A type of flow at low velocities where the layers of fluid seem to slide by one another
without eddies or swirls being present is called laminar flow.
2. When vapor bubbles are formed in a flowing fluid, they are swept along into regions
of higher pressure where they suddenly collapse with sufficient intensity to actually
cause structural damage. The formation and subsequent collapse of vapor bubbles in a
flowing fluid is called cavitation.
3. A stationary observer will hear a different sound frequency coming from the point
source depending on where the observer is relative to the source because the wave
pattern is asymmetrical. This phenomenon is called Doppler effect.
4. A type of separation process when two phases are liquids, where a solute or solutes
are removed from one liquid phase to another liquid phase is called liquid-liquid
5. Numerous studies have shown that a sudden decrease in salinity of the brine flowing
through a sandstone will cause formation damage by dispersing clay particles. This
phenomenon is called water sensitivity.
6. A porous and permeable underground formation containing an individual bank of
hydrocarbons confined by impermeable rock or water barriers and is characterized by
a single natural pressure system is called a reservoir.
7. In a reservoir, the oil zone is in contact with an aquifer that can supply the material to
replace the produced oil and gas. What is the drive mechanism type of the reservoir?
8. A method used to lower the producing bottomhole pressure (BHP) on the formation to
obtain a higher production rate from the well is called Artificial Lift.
9. A type of artificial lift that uses a free piston that travels up and down in the well’s
tubing string is Plunger Lift.
10. A steel rod, typically between 25 and 30 feet (7 to 9 meters) in length, and threaded at
both ends, used in the oil industry to join together the surface and downhole
components of a reciprocating piston pump installed in an oil well. Sucker Rod