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Bill Gates

William Henry Gates III or well known as Bill Gates is the co-founder and the chairman of
Microsoft. He was born in Seattle, Washington on October 28th, 1955. His father is William
H. Gates Sr. and his mother is Mary Maxwell Gates. His father was a prominent lawyer and
his mother served on the board of the director for First Interstate BancSystem and the United
Way. He has an older sister named Kristianne and a younger sister named Libby. Gates
married Melinda French in Hawaii on January 1st, 1994. The couple have three children
named Jennifer Katharine, Rory John, and Phoebe Adele.

At age 13, Gates enrolled in the Lakeside School, a private preparatory school. Gates was
introduced to the world of computers in the form of a teletype machine. At age 17, Gates
formed a venture with his friend Paul Allen called Traf-O-Data, to make traffic counters
based on intel 8008 processor. In early 1973, Gates served as a congressional page in the U.S.
House of Representatives.

Gates graduated from Lakeside School in 1973. Then, he enrolled at Harvard College in the
autumn of 1973. However, Gates didn’t finish his study at Harvard. He left after two years.
After reading the January 1975 issue of Popular Electronics that demonstrated the Altair
8800, Gates contacted Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS). MITS
president Ed Roberts agreed to meet Gates and Paul Allen for a demo. The demo was held at
MITS’s at Albuquerque. The demo was a success and resulted a deal with MITS to distribute
the interpreter as Altair BASIC. They partnership was called “Micro-soft”. Then on
November 26th, 1976 the trade name “Microsoft” was registered with the Office of the
Secretary of the state of New Mexico.

Microsoft launched its first retail version of Microsoft Windows on November 20th, 1985. In
2000, Bill Gates stepped down from his position as Chief Executive Officer and he returned
to his old profession as the Head of Research and Development Software at his own
company, Microsoft Corporation. In 2008, Gates decided to step down from Microsoft’s
management and concentrate on philantropic work through the establishment of the
charitable foundation, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Bill Gates is nominated as the
wealthiest people in the world with an estimated net worth of US$85.6 billion as of February
2017.

I chose Bill Gates as my hero, he was a person who thought simply and he could think long
that every human being must someday need a computer.

I was inspired by him because he owned several philanthropic businesses / businesses by


donating large amounts of his funds to various charitable or social organizations and
scientific research programs through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation which was
established in his name in 2000.

Health newspaper report


Cancer Society Executive Resigns Amid Upset Over Corporate
Partnerships

A top official of the American Cancer Society has resigned in part because of concern over
some of the organization’s fund-raising partnerships.

The official, Dr. Otis W. Brawley, an executive vice president and chief medical officer,
resigned his post late last week after 11 years at the society. His departure was largely
attributed to his dismay over some commercial partnerships, including with Herbalife
International, the controversial supplements company, people close to him said.

While he would not comment publicly, others said that he had become uncomfortable with
the society’s growing reliance on donations from businesses with questionable health
credentials that he and others suspect are seeking to burnish their images. Fund-raising
income has gone down every year since its peak of just over $1 billion in 2007. In 2017,
donations reached only $736 million, although the society made up for some of the loss by
selling properties. Herbalife did not respond to numerous requests for comment.

“The company is too controversial historically,” said Arthur Caplan, director of medical
ethics at the New York University School of Medicine. Historically, the cancer society’s
revenue was heavily reliant on walks, including Relay for Life and Making Strides Against
Breast Cancer, said Michael Reich, a spokesman for the organization. But during the past
decade, he said, donations patterns have changed and walks, in particular, have become less
popular.

“I can tell you that A.C.S. is proud of the partnership with Tilted Kilt, too,” Mr. Reich said.
“We do not yet have a plan for 2019, but we would certainly work with them again.” A
Boston University study two years ago identified scores of patient advocacy groups and other
health organizations, including the American Heart Association and the American Diabetes
Association, that accepted research funding from soda companies.

One of the cancer society’s new donors, Long John Silver’s, was the subject of criticism for
its use of trans fats, which it has since dropped. James P. O’Reilly, the company’s chief
executive, notes that the restaurant now offers healthier choices, among them baked shrimp
and cod and grilled salmon, and is expanding its grilled selections on the menu.

Jonathan H. Marks, associate professor of bioethics, humanities and law at Pennsylvania


State University, pointed to the partnership’s conflicting messages.

“The partnership with Long John Silver’s undermines the integrity of the American Cancer
Society,” Dr. Marks said. “The American Cancer Society’s website encourages readers to
prepare fish and poultry by baking, broiling or poaching rather than by frying or charbroiling.
But the society is partnering with a fast food company whose leading menu items are fried.
Integrity requires consistency.”

I chose this news because there was someone who wanted to help in people's lives. then,
companies must be critical in the community
NAME : DINDA BESTARI
S1 MORNING CLASS B
SPEAKING III

Bill Gates

Who is the wealthiest man in America and one of the most important, influential personalities
in the modern world of computers and technology? If you love computers you must know the
big name- Bill Gates. He is the co-founder of Microsoft.

Early Life of Bill Gates

Bill Gates was born on 28th October, 1955 in Seattle, Washington. His father was a
successful attorney and mother was a school teacher. He was a middle child with an elder and
a younger sister.

His parents wanted him to become a lawyer but Bill was interested in computers from the
very beginning. Bill studied at a private school where he became good friends with Paul
Allen who had similar interests.

Later Allen became Bill’s business partner when he developed Microsoft. Paul and Bill were
computer geniuses and soon realised the potential for a booming computer industry.

While still in high school, Bill, along with Paul, started a firm called Traf-O-Data and earned
twenty thousand dollars. Bill Gates was responsible for the first computer virus that ruined
other programs and data.
He was severely punished for that and was kept away from computers for a year, to
concentrate on law school. But nothing could keep him and Paul away from pursuing their
love for computer software.

The Beginning of Microsoft

Gates dropped out of Harvard and wrote programs for the early Apple and Commodore
machines. He, along with Paul, started Microsoft in 1975. It was in 1980 that IBM
approached Gates and for help with a special project.
Gates then developed the Microsoft Disk operating system or MS-DOS. It was a huge
success as software developers moved rapidly to become compatible with the IBM
computers. MS-DOS has since then been the leader of all operating systems.

In 1985 they introduced the Microsoft Windows Operating system which was compatible to
run on a variety of PCs. It was compared with the operating system of Apple, but Apple OS
could run only on Apple machines.

Bill Gates Quotes

“The internet is becoming the town square for the global village of tomorrow.”

“DNA is like a computer program but far, far more advanced than any software ever
created.”

“If you think your teacher is tough, wait till you get a boss.”

Personal Life

Bill Gates married Melinda French and has 3 children. In the year 2000, they formed a Bill
and Melinda Gates Foundation which is one of the largest charitable foundations in the world
and aims at enhancing healthcare and reducing poverty in America.

Bill Gates’ house, a mansion in Washington is the most high-tech house in the world and is
worth $123 million! The mansion has features like: change the artwork on the wall with a
button click, an underwater music system in the swimming pool, 24 bathrooms, a home
theatre for 20 guests and many more.

I chose Bill Gates as my hero, he was a person who thought simply and he could think long
that every human being must someday need a computer.

I was inspired by him because he owned several philanthropic businesses / businesses by


donating large amounts of his funds to various charitable or social organizations and
scientific research programs through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation which was
established in his name in 2000.
Cancer Society Executive Resigns Amid Upset Over Corporate
Partnerships

Dr. Otis Brawley, the chief medical officer of the American Cancer Society, until last
week.CreditCreditMax Ortiz/The Detroit News, via Associated Press

By Sheila Kaplan
 Nov. 5, 2018
WASHINGTON — A top official of the American Cancer Society has resigned in part because
of concern over some of the organization’s fund-raising partnerships.

The official, Dr. Otis W. Brawley, an executive vice president and chief medical
officer, resigned his post late last week after 11 years at the society. His departure was
largely attributed to his dismay over some commercial partnerships, including with
Herbalife International, the controversial supplements company, people close to him
said.

While he would not comment publicly, others said that he had become
uncomfortable with the society’s growing reliance on donations from businesses with
questionable health credentials that he and others suspect are seeking to burnish
their images.

Dr. J. Leonard Lichtenfeld, deputy chief medical officer at the society, said Dr.
Brawley’s resignation had hit his colleagues hard.

“It’s personally difficult and certainly for many in the organization it’s difficult as
well,” Dr. Lichtenfeld said.

Such donations and fund-raising partnerships have become more important in


recent years as the organization’s fund-raising has declined. Fund-raising income has
gone down every year since its peak of just over $1 billion in 2007. In 2017,
donations reached only $736 million, although the society made up for some of the
loss by selling properties.
Critics in and outside the 105-year-old organization have also protested its recent
partnerships with Long John Silver’s, a seafood chain best known for its batter-fried
fish; and Tilted Kilt, a sports pub showcasing “Kilt Girls” in skimpy red plaid.

And Herbalife International has had a troubled history. The company donated
$250,000 directly to the cancer society, and in October, started selling pink water
bottles, that are co-branded with both the American Cancer Society and the Herbalife
logo. Proceeds from the sales all go to the cancer society.

“These water bottles are really a good way for people to show their support,” said
Sharon Byers, the society’s chief marketing officer. “Our intent with all of our
partnerships is to generate as much revenue as we can to achieve our mission.”

In 2014, the Food and Drug Administration told Herbalife to take down a YouTube
video that featured a former F.D.A. official implying that the agency approved weight
loss shakes and other supplements.

And in a 2016 settlement with the Federal Trade Commission, Herbalife agreed to
pay $200 million and was forced to restructure the business to settle charges that it
deceived customers into thinking they could make substantial money selling the
product.

Herbalife did not respond to numerous requests for comment.

“The company is too controversial historically,” said Arthur Caplan, director of


medical ethics at the New York University School of Medicine. “It has a very non-
illustrious history with regulatory bodies, association with a product of controversial
and most likely dubious merit, and is not where the cancer society wants or ought to
be.”

The Herbalife Facebook page shows both the cancer society and the company’s logo,
with the phrase, “Working Together to Make the World Healthier and Happier and
Free from Breast Cancer.” It does carry a disclaimer noting the cancer society does
not endorse Herbalife products.

Dr. Caplan said the disclaimer isn’t enough. “Some people are going to think that
there’s an implicit endorsement,” he said, “either because they don’t look at the
website or they just see the bottle and presume a partnership.”

Historically, the cancer society’s revenue was heavily reliant on walks, including
Relay for Life and Making Strides Against Breast Cancer, said Michael Reich, a
spokesman for the organization. But during the past decade, he said, donations
patterns have changed and walks, in particular, have become less popular.

“Because A.C.S.’s walks generated so much revenue and were such a large part of our
portfolio, our declines were much more pronounced than some other organizations,”
Mr. Reich said. “We have been re-engineering and diversifying our revenue portfolio,
and partnerships are playing a key role. This takes time to build, but we are making
tremendous progress.”
Ms. Byers, the cancer society’s chief marketing officer, said the organization does not
form alliances with tobacco companies, but other than that, assesses each company
individually.

Mr. Reich also defended the arrangement with the Tilted Kilt.

“I can tell you that A.C.S. is proud of the partnership with Tilted Kilt, too,” Mr. Reich
said. “We do not yet have a plan for 2019, but we would certainly work with them
again.”

Responding to internal criticism about the Tilted Kilt, Mr. Reich said, “We know
we’re taking some risks. Not every partnership or initiative is for everyone.”

Janet Wilt, marketing director for the restaurant chain, said she was proud the
company was a donor.

“Cancer is a disease that has touched all of our lives and it does not discriminate
based on who you are or where you work,” she said in an email. “Frankly, we are
disappointed people are offended by any organization supporting efforts toward
finding a cure.”

The cancer society is not the only patient advocacy group struggling to expand its
donor base without becoming tainted by associations with other groups.

A Boston University study two years ago identified scores of patient advocacy groups
and other health organizations, including the American Heart Association and the
American Diabetes Association, that accepted research funding from soda
companies.

One of the cancer society’s new donors, Long John Silver’s, was the subject of
criticism for its use of trans fats, which it has since dropped. James P. O’Reilly, the
company’s chief executive, notes that the restaurant now offers healthier choices,
among them baked shrimp and cod and grilled salmon, and is expanding its grilled
selections on the menu.

“Long John Silver’s and its franchisees are proud to stand with the many millions of
American families who battle cancer every day,” Mr. O’Reilly said in an email.

Jonathan H. Marks, associate professor of bioethics, humanities and law at


Pennsylvania State University, pointed to the partnership’s conflicting messages.

“The partnership with Long John Silver’s undermines the integrity of the American
Cancer Society,” Dr. Marks said. “The American Cancer Society’s website encourages
readers to prepare fish and poultry by baking, broiling or poaching rather than by
frying or charbroiling. But the society is partnering with a fast food company whose
leading menu items are fried. Integrity requires consistency.”

Dr. Brawley, 59, said he was not able to discuss the terms of his departure. Members
of the society said he also had concerns about the administration of its landmark
program to make cancer drugs available at lower cost in Africa.