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APPLIED PHYSICS UNIT4 NOTES G.

Nataraj
Semiconductors: Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors – Carrier concentration in intrinsic semiconductors – Energy
gap – Hall Effect – Construction & working of solar cell.
Superconductors: General properties of superconductors – Meissner’s effect – Type I and Type II superconductors –
BCS theory (qualitative) – Applications

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HALL EFFECT

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A copper strip 2cm wide and 1mm thick is placed in a magnetic field with B = 1.5 wb/m2.If a current of 200 A is set
up in the strip,calculate Hall voltage that appears across the strip. Assume RH = 6x10-7m3/C (0.18V)
In a Hall experiment a current of 0.25A is sent through a metal strip having thickness 0.2mm and width 5mm.
The Hall voltage is found to be0.15mV when a magnetic field of 200 Guass is used. Find
(1)Carrier concentration & (2) Drift velocity of carriers (1.04x1025 carriers/m3 & 0.15m/s)

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Fill Factor

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Superconductors

GENERAL PROPERTIES OF SUPERCONDUCTORS

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