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A Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) is a microprocessor that has been designed specifically for
the processing of 3D graphics. The processor is built with integrated transform, lighting,
triangle setup/clipping, and rendering engines , capable of handling millions of math-
intensive processes per second. GPUs allow products such as desktop PCs, portable
computers, and game consoles to process real-time 3D graphics that only a few years ago
were only available on high-end workstations. Used primarily for 3-D applications, a graphics
processing unit is a single-chip processor that creates lighting effects and transforms
objects every time a 3D scene is redrawn. These are mathematically-intensive tasks, which
otherwise, would put quite a strain on the CPU.

In the summer of 2004, nvidia released a new technology into the gaming market. The
nvidia Corporation is known primarily for developing and supplying GPUs (Graphics
Processing Units), motherboard chipsets, and contributing to other forms of multimedia
hardware. The latest buzz about nvidia centers around developments made with GPU and
chipset technology. These technologies are used in joint operation to produce a gigantic
leap forward in gaming hardware horsepower. GPU computing is the most accessible and
energy-efficient path forward for HPC and datacenters. Today, NVIDIA powers the fastest
supercomputers in the U.S. and Europe, as well as some of the most advanced systems
under construction.

Japan’s ABCI will come online in 2018 as the country’s most powerful supercomputer and a
global innovation platform for AI. And in the U.S., Lawrence Livermore and Oak Ridge
National Labs will soon introduce next-generation NVIDIA-accelerated systems.