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ELECTRICAL PROJECTS USING MATLAB/SIMULINK

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A Novel 7-Level Cascaded Inverter for
Series Active Power Filter

ABSTRACT:
Harmonic voltage compensation of the load connected to the point of common coupling (PCC)
by using a series of active power filter (SAPF) based on a single phase cascaded multilevel
inverter is proposed. The proposed multilevel inverter are presented in detail. The inverter has
the ability of acting as a harmonic source when the reference is a non-sinusoidal signal. To
achieve this, a simple control technique is performed with the proposed inverter. A prototype of
7-level inverter based SAPF is manufactured without using a parallel passive filter (PPF)
because it is designed to show SAPF own compensation capacity alone. Filtering ability of the
SAPF is shown both in simulation and experimental studies. The validity of the proposed
inverter based SAPF is verified by simulation as well as experimental study. The results show
that the proposed multi-level inverter is suitable for SAPF applications.
KEYWORDS:
1. Active power filter
2. Multilevel inverter
3. Harmonic compensation
4. Half-bridge cascaded
5. Power quality

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

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ELECTRICAL PROJECTS USING MATLAB/SIMULINK
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BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1. The scheme of the proposed system.

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EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

(a) Simulation result (50 V/div), (5 ms/div)
Fig. 2. The waveform of VPCC before compensation

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(a) Simulation result (50 V/div), (5 ms/div)

Fig. 3. The waveforms of the load voltage and the proposed inverter voltage after compensation.

CONCLUSION:
This paper proposes a single phase cascaded inverter based SAPF. The 7-level inverter topology
and operation principle is introduced. With the proposed topology, the number of output levels
can easily be increased. Switching signals of the semiconductor devices used in the inverter are
also obtained by a simple method. A SAPF with the proposed inverter topology is simulated.The
aim of the simulation is to compensate the load voltage harmonics connected to PCC. In addition
to the simulation, the proposed SAPF prototype is designed. Using this prototype, experimental

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study is performed. Simulation and experimental results similar each other proves the accuracy
of the analysis. The load waveform that is highly distorted with a THD value of 24.12% is
compensated with the proposed inverter based SAPF and the THD value is reduced to 3.80% in
experimental study. This shows that the proposed inverter is suitable for SAPF applications.
REFERENCES:
[1] M. I. M. Montero, E. R. Cadaval, F. B. Gonzalez, “Comparison of control strategies for shunt
active power filters in three-phase four-wire systems”, IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 22, no.
1, pp. 229–236, 2007.
[2] F. Z. Peng, H. Akagi, and A. Nabae, “A new approach to harmonic compensation in power
systems—A combined system of shunt passive and series active filters,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.,
vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 983– 990, Nov./Dec. 1990.
[3] Z. Wang, Q. Wang, W. Yao, and J. Liu, “A series active power filter adopting hybrid control
approach,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 301–310, May 2001.
[4] H. Akagi, “Trends in active power line conditioners,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 9,
no. 3, pp. 263–268, May 1994.
[5] M. El-Habrouk, M. K. Darwish, and P. Mehta, “Active power filters: A review,” IEE Electr.
Power Appl., vol. 147, no. 5, pp. 403–413, Sep. 2000.

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