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Sample question for Digital Signal Processing

Sr.No. Question Marks


Unit 1 & 2
1. Define DFT and IDFT of a discrete time sequence. 2
2. Compare and contrast between DTFT and DFT 3
3. List properties of DFT and explain any four 6
4. Relationship between DFT,DTFT and Z-transform 6
5. Starting with DTFT spectra, derive the equation of DFT and also explain 6
how any discrete signal can be recovered from obtained DFT spectra.
6. What is zero padding? What are its uses? 2
7. What is FFT? Why FFT is needed? 2

8. How many multiplications and additions are required to compute N point 1


DFT using Radix-2 FFT
9. Describe the following terms in the context of FFT 6
1.Twiddle factor
2.Butterfly operation
10. Design a low pass Butterworth filter using bilinear transformation 10
method for satisfying the following constraints:
Pass band w p = 0.162 rad, Stop band w s = 1.63 rad, Passband
ripple: 3dB, Stop band ripple: 30dB and sampling frequency 8 kHz.
11. Find the number of complex multiplications and complex additions 5
Required in the direct computation of 1024 point DFT. How many
complex multiplications and complex additions will be required using
FFT algorithm?
12. 3 5
For the analog transfer function H(S) = Determine H (Z),
( s+1 ) (s +2)
using bilinear transformation method. Assume T =1 sec.
13. What is meant by radix-2 FFT 1
14. Find the DFT of a sequence x(n)=u(n)-u(n-3) 5
15. What is DIT algorithm? Explain in detail 6
16. What is DIF algorithm? Explain in detail 6
17. What are the applications of FFT algorithm? Explain in detail 6
18. Distinguish between linear convolution and circular convolution of two 3
sequences
19. If x(n)={3,1,5,4 ,2,1,0,1} ,Find the X(K) using DIF FFT algorithm 8
20. What are the differences and similarities between DIF and DIT 2
algorithms?
21. Consider the finite length sequence x(n)= δ(n) + δ(n-5) . find its 10 point 6
DFT. Also find the sequence y(n) that has DFT given by
2k 2π
−j
10
e X (K )
22. Determine circular convolution of x(n)={1,2,1,2} and y(n)= {3,2,1,4} 6
using DFT and IDFT
23. Determine circular convolution of x(n)={1,-1,-2,3,} and y(n)={3,2,1,4} 4
using concentric circle method.
24. Find the four point DFT of sequence x(n) ={0,1,2,3} using radix-2 DIT 4
FFT algorithm
25. Consider a real time speech signal processing at 8kHz sampling rate. The 6
processing is done using frame based analysis where one frame consists
of 1024 samples. The processing requires 1024 point DFT and 1024
point IDFT and other operations. If the processor takes 1us for each real
multiplication, how much time is left for other operations in processing?
Assume that DFT and IDFT require same number of multiplication using
radix-2 FFT.
26. Obtain the direct form form-I, cascaded and parallel form structure for Each 8
the following systems.
3 1 1
(1) y(n)= y(n-1)- y(n-2)+x(n)+ x(n-1)
4 8 3
(2) y(n)=-0.1y(n-1)+0.72y(n-2)+0.7x(n)-0.25 x(n-2)
1 1
(3) y(n)= y(n-1) + y(n-2) +x(n)+x(n-1)
2 4
27. Obtain cascaded and parallel realization of system 6
2 (z+2)
H(z)=
z ( z−0.1 ) ( z+ 0.5 ) (z +0.4)
28. Obtain direct form I & II, cascade and parallel form structures for the 8
given system
y(n) = ½ y(n-1) + ¼ y(n-2) + x(n) + x(n-1)

29. Which types of structures are used to realize IIR systems? Explain any 6
one in detail.
30. Consider the filter having difference equation y(n)=0.9y(n-1) + bo x(n) 6
find (i) Is this filter is lowpass,highpass or bandpass? (ii) Determine
bo so that |H ( π )| =1. (iii) Determine the 3-dB cutoff frequency.
31. Describe bilinear transformation method of IIR filter design 6
32. How will you perform linear convolution from circular convolution? 2
33. What are the properties of twiddle factor? 4
34. Determine the DFT of the sequence x(n)= { 1,2,3,4} and also verify 8
result by finding IDFT of the obtained DFT.
35. Find the DFT of a sequence x(n)=u(n)-u(n-3) 4
36. 6 πn 4
Compute 16 point DFT of sequence x(n)= cos ( )
16
; 0≤ n ≤ 15
37. x(t) = 4 cos(100πt) is sampled at twice the nyquist rate for one full 6
period. Find out its DFT.
38. Determine DFT of x(n)= {1,2,3,4} and verify the answer by finding 8
IDFT using matrix method
39. Determine circular convolution of x(n)={1,-1,-2,3,} and y(n)={3,2,1,4} 5
using concentric circle method
40. X(n)={1,-1,-1,-1,1,1,1,-1} find 8 point DFT using (1) DIT radix-2 (2) Each 8
DIF radix-2 FFT algorithm
41. Which types of structures are used to realize IIR systems? Explain any 4
one in detail.
42. Write the steps in designing chebyshev filter? 2
43. Write down the steps for designing a Butterworth filter? 2
44. Explain with derivation Impulse Invariance approach for implementing 6
digital IIR filter. State some limitations of this approach and also briefly
discuss solution to overcome such limitations

45. What is warping effect or frequency warping? 2


46. −1 6
If x(n)= ¿ ,0≤n≤3. Find DFT of the sequence x(n) and of the
¿
¿
sequence x (n−2)4 .
47. If x(n)={3,1,5,4 ,2,1,0,1} ,Find the X(K) using DIT/DIF FFT algorithm Each 8
48. 6
Compute X(k) using decimation in time FFT algorithm, If x(n)= cos ( πn2 )
where N=4 using decimation in time FFT algorithm

49. If X(K)= {17,-1.12-j.7.12, j3, 3.121+j2.87 ,3, 3.12-j2.87 ,-j3 ,-1.12+j7.12} Find Each 8
x(n) by using decimation in time /Decimation in Frequency IFFT algorithm
50. Develop decimation in time FFT algorithm for evaluation DFT when 10
N=6=2*3,and evaluate the DFT for x(n)={2,1,3,1,4,1}
51. Develop decimation in time FFT algorithm for evaluation DFT when 10
N=6=3*2,and evaluate the DFT for x(n)={2,1,3,1,4,1}
52. x(t) = 4cos(100πt) is sampled at twice the nyquist rate for one full period. 8
Find out its DFT.
53. Explain inverse radix-2 FFT algorithm 6
54. Explain with example how number of multiplication is reduced in radix-2 DIT 5
FFT algorithm
55. Design a low pass Butterworth filter using bilinear transformation method 10
/Impulse invariant method for satisfying the following constraints:
Pass band w p = 0.162 rad, Stop band w s = 1.63 rad, Passband ripple :
3dB,Stop band ripple : 30dB and sampling frequency 8 kHz.
56. Design a low pass butterworth filter using bilinear transformation/ Impulse 10
invariant method for satisfying following constraints: Pass band 0-400 Hz,
Stop band 2.1-4 kHz, Pass band ripple 2dB, Stop band attenuation 20 dB and
sampling frequency 10 kHz,
57. Design a low pass butterworth filter using bilinear transformation/ Impulse 10
invariant method for satisfying following constraints:
0.75≤ |H (e jw )| ≤ 1 where 0≤ w ≤ 0.25π
|H (e jw )| ≤ 0.23 0.63π ≤ w ≤ π and sampling frequency is 8
kHz.
58. Derive the equation of finding filter order and cutoff frequency for a 6
Butterworth filter
59. Obtain cascaded and parallel realization of system 5
2 (z+2)
H(z)=
z ( z−0.1 ) ( z+ 0.5 ) (z +0.4)
60. Determine the system function of 2nd order Chebyshev-I lowpass filter. Suppose 4
Ωc & A p = 1 dB.
a0 =1 .1025 & a1 =1 .0977
61. Design a lowpass Chebyshev-I filter to satisfy : 8
4
Passband cutoff : Ωc =2 π ×10 rad/s ,Passband ripple A p = 1 dB,

Stopband cutoff Ωs =2 π×1 .5×104 rad/s & Stopband attenuation


A s =15 dB
a =0 . 2756 , a1=0.7426 , a 2=1 . 4539 , a3 =0 .9528 )
( 0

62. 2 4
H a ( s )= 2
Transform s + 4 s+3 into a digital filter using the impulse
invariance/bilinear transformation method in which T=1

63. Obtain the direct form I & II structure for the following system 5
3 1 1
(4) y(n)= y(n-1)- y(n-2)+x(n)+ x(n-1)
4 8 3
64. Design low pass FIR filter for N=5 and w c =0.5 radian 10
65. Design a low pass butterworth filter using bilinear transformation/ 10
Impulse invariant method for satisfying following constraints:
0.75≤ |H (e jw )| ≤ 1 where 0≤ w ≤ 0.25π
|H (e )| ≤ 0.23
jw
0.63π ≤ w ≤ π and sampling frequency
is 8 kHz.
66. Design low pass filter for the following desired frequency response using 10
rectangular, hamming and hanning window.
π
H d ( e jw ) = e− jw 3 0≤ |w| ≤
3
π
=0 ≤ |w| ≤ π
3
67. Derive the transfer function equation for converting analog transformation to 4
digital transformation
68. Derive the equation of finding filter order and cutoff frequency for a 6
Butterworth filter.
69. Draw the structures of the following discrete time system defined by the 8
difference equation
y(n) -y(n-1) + y(n-2) = x(n) + x(n-1)
(i) Direct Form -I
(ii) Direct Form- II
(iii) Cascade Form
70. Explain with derivation Impulse Invariance approach for implementing digital 6
IIR filter. State some limitations of this approach and also briefly discuss
solution to overcome such limitations
71. 2 5
H a ( s )= 2
Transform s + 4 s+ 4 into a digital filter using the impulse
invariance/bilinear transformation method in which T=1
72. 3 5
For the analog transfer function H(S)= ,Determine H(Z) ,using
( s+1 ) (s +2)
bilinear transformation method. Assume T =1 sec.
73. Draw Direct form-I and Direct form-II realizations for any IIR system. 6

74. Draw the structures of the following discrete time system defined by the 8
difference equation
y(n) -y(n-1) + y(n-2) = x(n) + x(n-1)
(i) Direct Form -I
(ii) Direct Form- II
(iii) Cascade Form

75. Design a low pass butterworth filter using bilinear transformation/ 10


Impulse invariant method for satisfying following constraints:
0.70≤ |H (e jw )| ≤ 1 where 0≤ w ≤ 0.25π
|H (e )| ≤ 0.30
jw
0.63π ≤ w ≤ π and sampling frequency
is 8 kHz
Unit 3 & 4
76. What is an FIR filter? What are the advantage and disadvantage of FIR filter? 6
77. What do you understand by linear phase FIR filter? What conditions are to be 6
satisfied by the impulse response of an FIR system to have a linear phase?
78. Explain Gibbs phenomenon. What are the effects of windowing? 6
79. Explain the procedure for designing FIR filter using windows. 6
80. Design low pass FIR filter for N=5 and w c =0.5 radian 8
81. Design low pass FIR filter for N=4 and w c =0.4 radian 8
82.
83. Design low pass filter for the following desired frequency response using 10
rectangular, hamming and hanning window.
π
H d ( e jw ) = e− jw 3 0≤ |w| ≤
3
π
=0 ≤ |w| ≤ π
3
84. Design high pass FIR filter for N=5 and w c =1.5 radian 8
85. Design high pass FIR filter for N=4 and w c =1.4 radian 8
86. Design band reject FIR filter for N=5, w c1 =0.5 radian and w c2 =0.75 10
radian using rectangular,Hamming and Hanning window.
87. Digital FIR lowpass filter for following constraints : 10
Ωsample =2 π×1 .5×104 ( rad /sec )
Ω p =2 π ×1 .5×103 (rad /sec )
Ωs =2 π×3×103 ( rad /sec )
A s=50 dB
88. Design a digital FIR high pass filter for following constraints 8
ω s =0 . 4 π , A s =60 dB
ω p =0 .6 π , R p =0. 5 dB

89. Design a digital FIR bandpass filter 8


ω s1=0.2π , A s 1=60 dB ω p2 =0 . 65π , R p 2 =1 dB
ω p1=0.35π , R p 1=1 dB ω s2 =0 . 8π , A s2 =60 dB
90. Design a digital FIR bandstop filter 8
ω p1 =0.3π , R p 1=0.5 dB ω s2 =0 .6π , A s2 =40 dB
ωs1 =0. 4 π , A s 1 =40 dB ω p2 =0 .7π , R p 2 =0.5 dB

91. Explain Optimal FIR filter design method. 6


92. Design of linear phase FIR filter using frequency sampling method. 6
93. What are the architectural features of a digital signal processor that 6
distinguishes from microprocessor?
94. Explain Harvard Architecture for Digital Signal Processor with their key 6
features in detail
95. Enlist the silent features of TMS 320C67113 Processor. 6
96. Draw and explain functional block diagram of TMS3206713 8/10
97. Explain multiplier- Accumulator (MAC) hardware in DSP processors 6

98. Write short notes on: 8


1. Harvard architecture of DSP processor.
2. Hanning Window and Kaiser Window Functions

99. Describe the following terms in the context of FFT 8


1.Twiddle factor
2.Butterfly operation
3.Decimation in time and decimation in frequency

100. Find the number of complex multiplications and complex additions 6


Required in the direct computation of 1024 point DFT. How many
complex multiplications and complex additions will be required using
FFT algorithm?

101. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of FIR filter over IIR filter 6

102. Explain Harvard Architecture for Digital Signal Processor with their key 6
features in detail
103. What are the architectural features of a digital signal processor that 10
distinguishes from microprocessor? Explain Harvard Architecture