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Service Training Manual CM 765/785

Hydraulic pumps

The CM 765/785 units are equipped with 5 hydraulic pumps. They


consist of two axial piston, variable displacement pumps and three
gear pumps. There is only two pump housing but three pumps The
piston pumps are of equal size and are mounted on pads at the rear
of the engine. Both of these pumps are 85cc. The left-hand pump
supplies the left-hand tram circuit and the feed circuit. The right-hand
pump supplies the right-hand tram circuit and the rotary head rotation
circuit. The pump drives on the rear mounted gear box have a 1.3 : 1
speed increase.

The engine operates normally at 1800 RPM during drilling or high


speed tramming although engine speed can be lowered through the
use of a throttle control in the operator s cab. The two piston pumps
are operating at 1.3 X engine speed. This means that the pumps are
turning at 2340 RPM.

Maximum pump output is 52 GPM (223 liters).

Maximum pump pressure is 3600 PSI (248 Bar).

Both of the pump circuits are load sensing circuits. The standby
pressure setting of both pumps is 250 PSI (17 Bar). Mounted on the
auxiliary drive on the LH side (cab side) of the engine is a double
gear pump. The double pumps provide fluid for the two cooler fan
motors. The cooler circuits are discussed in chapter 3 of this manual.
Just below the double pumps there is a single gear pump. This pump
provides fluid for the drill positioning valve bank, rod changer valves
and the dust collector. Following is the technical data regarding
these pumps:

Double gear pumps (each unit) operate at 1.14 X engine speed.

42.6cc

Volume @ 1800 RPM---------------23 GPM (88 LPM)

The single gear pump is mounted directly below the double pump
also on the LH side (cab side) of the engine.

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Service Training Manual CM 765/785

Single gear pump

29 cc
Volume @ 1800 RPM (1.20:1 ratio)-------------16.55 GPM (62.6 LPM)
The Tier III single gear pump operates at 1.2:1 speed ratio.

Piston pump adjustment procedure

NOTE: These or any adjustments should be done with the hydraulic


system at normal operating temperature. (130°F / 55 C )

Left-Hand Pump
1. Install a 5000 PSI (350 Bar) test gauge at the pump outlet test port
for the left-hand pump. The pump pressure test ports are located on
the test panel found in the enclosure access door behind the cab.

2. Disconnect the feed stop solenoid on the mode valve located in


the engine enclosure. (See chapter 4 for a description of the mode
valve).

3. Place the drill/tram selector switch in the drill mode.

4. Start the machine and observe the test gauge. The reading on the
gauge at this time should be standby pressure (250 PSI or 17 Bar).
Set this pressure by adjusting the standby pressure control on the
pump.

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Service Training Manual CM 765/785

5. Have the operator or assistant place the feed control in the


reverse position and depress the fast feed button. This will bring the
left-hand pump on stroke at its maximum setting. I will be necessary
to engage the breakout fork on the starter pipe to prevent the Rotary
head from engaging the proximity switch at the top of the Drill Guide.

6. Adjust the maximum pressure on the maximum pressure


adjustment to set the pump pressure. The pressure value is 3600
PSI (248 Bar).

Note: The pressure adjustments discussed here can be adjusted with


the engine in the idle mode. To prevent the engine from going to high
idle, disconnect the load sense pressure switch located directly above
the pumps at the back of the engine.

Be sure to reconnect the feed stop solenoid after the adjustments to


this pump are complete.

Right-Hand Pump

1. Install a 5000 PSI (350 Bar) test gauge at the pump outlet test port
for the right-hand pump. The pump pressure test ports are located
on the test panel found in the enclosure access door behind the cab.

2. Place the drill/tram control into the drill position.

3. Use the feed control and position the drill pipe under the rotary
head so the breakout fork can be extended to lock the pipe. Loosen
the top thread and extend the rod lock over the end of the pipe.

4. Check and adjust the pump standby pressure. 250 PSI (17 Bar).

5. Place the rotation control in the cab into the reverse position. This
will load the pump at maximum pressure. To do this, it will be
necessary to keep the breakout fork engaged on the starter pipe and
the rod lock sleeve in the rotary head must be extended to lock the
rotation in reverse.

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Service Training Manual CM 765/785

6. Adjust the maximum pressure on the maximum pressure


adjustment to set the pump pressure. The pressure value is 3600
PSI (248 Bar).

Typical cross section of the main Rexroth pumps.

Cross section of variable displacement piston pump used on


CM765/785.

There is a system protection relief valve located in the inlet section of


each of the main valves. To check the setting of these relief valves, it
is necessary to follow the same procedures as described above. The
maximum pressure setting of the pump must be increased to the
pressure setting of the relief valve.

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Service Training Manual CM 765/785

The relief valves are set at 4200 PSI (290 Bar). Disconnect the load
sense pressure switch (see page 7) to prevent the engine from
automatically ramping up to high idle. The load sense switch is
located over the top of the compressor; it is threaded into a shuttle
valve. Load the pump as described in the appropriate section above.
Slowly turn in the maximum pressure adjustment screw. Pay close
attention to the sound of the engine, when the pump pressure
reaches the relief valve setting the engine will start to lug.

The lug occurs because as the relief valve opens, a very high
pressure flow path is created across the relief. The engine will be
required to develop considerably more horse power at this time.

If this occurs at the proper pressure no adjustment is required to the


relief valve. Repeat the adjustment procedure for the other relief
valve. This procedure does not need to be performed each time the
pressure is checked. After checking the relief valves, be sure to reset
the maximum pressure of each pump back to 3600 PSI (248 Bar).

Under normal operating conditions the relief valve will never open.
They are in the circuit as a safety in case of a malfunction of one of
the main pumps.

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Service Training Manual CM 765/785

To Pilot Pressure- Right-hand Tramming


Left-hand Tramming
Reducing Valve
and Feed and Rotation

1.3:1 speed increase 1.3:1 speed increase


Engine RPM=1800 Engine RPM=1800

"B" Supply to Valve "B" Supply to Valve

Load sense pressure


switch (engine throttle)

Stroking Stroking
Servo Servo
Destroke
Destroke Servo
"S" Servo "S"
3
5.18 in. Note: The shaft speed of 5.18 in.3
85 cc each pump is 2340 RPM 85 cc
"X"
"X" "L1"
"L1"

Pressure Compensator 3600 PSI (248 Bar) Pressure Compensator 3600 PSI (248 Bar)
Standby pressure 250 PSI (17 Bar) Standby pressure 250 PSI (17Bar)

Left Hand Pump Right Hand Pump

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Service Training Manual CM 765/785

Single Auxiliary Gear Pump

The single section auxiliary pump supplies fluid for the dust hood,
centralizer and dust collector/pipe changing functions as well as fluid
to the positioning valve in the cab. It is a fixed displacement gear
pump that operates a 1.2 X engine speed. The pump displacement of
the pump is 29cc. Engine speed is 1800 RPM and that means that
the pump is operating at 2160 RPM s. Pump volume at 1800 engine
RPM s is 16.55 GPM (62.6 LPM).

Single gear pump

The Tier III machines are fitted with a C11 engine if it is a CM765 and
a C13 engine if it is a CM785. The output speed of the PTO used for
the small auxiliary pump is 1.2:1 on the Tier III engines (C11 and C13
Cat Models).

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Hydraulic Pumps

coolr\eT

Service Training Manual


To Boom control valve bank

To Dust Collector Motor


Later style 3 Section Valve
To Rod Changer Valves

Relief Valve
16.55 GPM
B3 A3 B2 A2 B1 A1
Page 8

Auxiliary pump
1.77 in (29 cc)

To Return

Manifold

3800
3600 PSI Relief
248 Bar Valve
psi
Pilot pressure from
Centralizer Dust Hood drill/tram pilot valve

CM 765/785
Dust Collector
Chapter 2

Rod Changer
Service Training Manual CM 765/785

There is a test gauge or test port on the panel next to the door
behind the cabin. To check and set the relief valve, the easiest way
is to operate the guide extension lever to retract the drill guide. Hold
the lever and the test gauge test gauge should read 3800 PSI. If the
pressure is low, locate the relief valve The relief valve is located in
the valve body facing toward the center of the machine. It has a cap
nut on it and the screw is a slotted screw for making the adjustment.
and reset the pressure. Do this adjustment at low idle (1200 rpm).
Raise the engine to high idle and recheck the test pressure. If it
raises more than 200 PSI, lower the setting at low Idle until the
pressure at high idle is no more that 3800 PSI. ( 248 bar )

Auxiliary Fan pump circuits

As was stated previously in this chapter, the double gear pump


supplies fluid for the two cooler fan circuits. The operation of each
cooler circuit is the same. Because the pumps are positive
displacement pumps, whenever the engine is operating, there is fluid
delivered to each circuit. The operation of these systems is
discussed in chapter 3.

Double Gear Pump for Cooler fan

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