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AMPLIFICATIONj ATTENUATION SELECTOR

ANational Semiconductor application

A TYPE TL081 opamp and same passive components are sufficient to construct

a small amplifier whose amplification can be varied between +1 and -1 with a poten- tiometer-see the diagram.

The input signal is applied to both inputs

of the opamp: to the inverting input via CI and R 11 and to the non-inverfing input via CI and PI- The amplification of the amplifier is R2:R1=1. However, the level of the signal at the +input is determined by the position

of the

wiper of Pj. When the wiper is at the

centre of its travel, the two input signals can-

cel each

other, so that there is no output.

When the wiper is at the 'high' end of the potentiometer, the signal at the +input i5 largerthan thatat the invertinginputand this

is then available,

amplified by 1, at the out-

put. When the wiper is at earth potential, the opamp functions as anormal inverting

amplifier with unity gain.

 

The input

impedance of the circuit is about

50

kQ. With

a value of Cj as

shown, the am-

plifier can handle frequencies

from 30 Hz up~

wards. The circuit requires apower supply of ±5-15 V and draws a current of only a few mA. If such a supply is not available, it may be produced from a single 10-30 V supply •

as shown in the diagram.

5 • 15V

..

10 •

..30V

• +}-~--;---jr--{+

(I*

*ne

text

r

IC,

5 15V

...

.-)------"'''''------~

914098-11

,

SLAVEMAINS ON-OFF CONTROL

T HIS is an improved version of the slave mains on-off control published in the July 1990 issue of Elektor Electronics. The cir- cuit has been substantially changed and of- fers much better control of inductive loads. The control switches mains-powered equip-

by J. Ruffell

ment on and off simultaneously with a rnas- ter urut. One particularly useful application of the control is in audio racks where the sig- nal sources (cassette deck, CD player, tape recorder, tuner; etc.) are switched on and off together with the power amplifier.

Theci.rcuitmonitors thecurrentconsumption

of the master unit (connected to K 2 ) with the aid of an optocoupler. Ie}_ When P 1 is set to maximum sensitivity (corresponding to the highest resistance value), a few milliamperes are sufficient for the control to switch on the

'"'

..

!,.

'"'

K'

1"1 5A3T

Q

'"

9V/166mA

,..

ct

oa

ca

D'

4 x 1N5408

c"

~

 

K2

 

"v

~

"v

 

:S500W

K3

 

"v

!,.

"v

914072·11

:S7.50W

ELEKTOR ELECTRONICS

DECEMBER 1991

J

2

I

10

Is~c~rel

~!tj1;~I~: ~~

o

11----S-o=c:H R13 j.,o

C3

K1

,,

ELEKTOR ELECTRONICS DECEMBER 1991

SLAVE MAINS ON-OFF CONTROL.

BI

slave(s), which are connected to K 3 . The max- imum sensitivity will rarely be used, however, since allowance should be made for leakage and quiescent currents of the master unit. When the current consum ption of the mas- ter uni t exceeds the preset trigger level, the

transistor in leI starts to conduct, causing the outputof oparnp JC, to golow. Consequently,

transistor Tl conducts and actuates the load

(the 'slave') via relay Rej.

After the master unit has been switched

off, C 2 is charged via R s . At a certain voltage

on C 21 the comparator

500

ms CI so.

500

for the control proper,

toggles and switches

off theslavevia Tl and Rel.1hishappens after

by

two LEDs, one, ° 51 as an on/off indicator

and another, D 61 for

The state of the contral is indicated

the on-off state of the slave, The maximum

are

loads at the master and slave outputs

W and 750 W respectively, Thecontrol isbestconstructed on theprinted

circuit board shown in Fig. 2. The rnains con-

nections to the board are made with

three 3-

way peB terminal blocks. For safety

reasons

theearth track on the boardshould bestrength- ened by a ptece of copper wire of 2.5 rnmz

cross-secrional

area or larger.

WARNING. Since the circuit carries danger- aus voltages at e number of poi.nts, it is es-

sential that proper electrical insulation is ap-

plied. Never work on the circuit when the

 

mains is connected

to it.

Make sure that no

part of the circuit can be

touched when it is

being adjusted or used.

 

PARTS LIST

 

Reststors.

 

RI = 120Q

R2,R5,RII=lOkQ

 

R3,RI0=

I kQ

R4=

33 Q

R6=

68 kQ

R7 = 270kQ

 

R8, R9=47

kQ

RI2 =2,2 kQ

 

RI3=220Q,

I W

Capacitors:

CI = 470 J.lF. 25 V

 

C2

= 47 J.lF, 25 V

C3 = 150 nF, 630 V

C4 = 10 J.lF, 25 V

1

Semiconductors:

DI-D4 = IN5408 D5 =LED, red D6 = LED, green D7 = IN4148 BI = B4OCl500 Tl = BC327 JCI = CNY 17-2 JC2= LM74 I

MisceUaneous:

K I-K3 = 3-way PCB block, pitch 7.5

mm

FI = 6.3 A fuse with holder Tri = mains transformer 9 V. 160 mA Rel = SPST relay, 12 V, 330 Q. e.g. Siemens V23127-B2-A201 ABS enclosure 190xIIOx74 mm, e.g. Retex RG4

sec.

2

Is~o,.rel