HISTORY OF ISLAM

History of Islam
The definition of the word Islam means: “Surrender” or “Surrender to God” (Allah).

ORIGIN ALLAH –means God in Arabic ISLAM - is more than a religion; it is a culture and system of living. It is best known as a form of government under the guise of religion with “Extreme Legalism” and religious overtones. MUSLIM – is one who surrenders him/her self to Allah the faith of Islam. ARAB - does not mean Muslim, although the majority of Arab’s are Muslim, but many have different orthodoxies (religious beliefs). Muslims believe that Islam is the basic monotheistic (belief in one god) faith proclaimed by prophets throughout history. The Qur'an is not seen as presenting a new revelation but rather as providing a complete, accurate, and therefore final record of the message that had already been given to Abraham, Jesus, and other earlier prophets QURAN – Muslims believe that the Qur’an (Koran) is the Holy book of Islam given by revelation to Muhammad the prophet, to be the final and most complete holy book. The book is comprised of Surah (chapters) totaling 114 and divided by ayahs (verses). OTHER HOLY BOOKS OF ISLAM  Towrah (to-raw’ or tawart) - First five books of the Bible  Zabur – Psalms (psalms of David)  Injil – Gospel or New Testament (literal translated “good news”) MUHAMMAD Founder of the ISLAM religion -MUHAMMAD Muhammad-Means “The praised One” Born 570 AD, (Anno Domini: In the year of Our Lord). Born in Mecca, to the Quraysh Tribe-after the fall of the Roman Empire Married in 595 AD, first wife “Khadija” when he was 25 and she was 40 Later he married “Aisha” his youngest wife when she was 9 Died in 632 AD in Hijra 1

It is described as a foundation (site) in southern Arabia built around a sanctuary (alter-place of worship). At the time of Muhammad’s birth. The Quraysh and surrounding tribes were polytheistic (belief in several or more than one god). The existing tribes of the region were primarily nomads. it was usually under the protection of cult practices and the worship of several different Idols. Mecca had become an important caravan city on the trade route from Yemen to Syria. RELIGIONS OF THE AREA Ka’bah Christian Judaism = = = Idols worship (Quarysh-Gentiles) Followers of Christ (Jews-Gentiles) Jews (decedents of the tribe of Judah) 2 . A Roman geographer from the second century AD known as Ptolemy identifies early Mecca with a place called Macoraba.TRIBE The Quraysh was a ruling clan located in Makkah or Mecca [MACK-ah] – an ancient city in the Hijaz region of northwestern Arabia along the Arabian Peninsula (Red Sea). It also became an important religious center that housed the Ka’bah a religious shrine. which was as a shrine to numerous Arabian tribal gods. At the time of Muhammad his tribe the Quraysh was in charge of the Ka’bah. When they did converge peacefully. Ka’ bah The history of the Ka’bah in early Saudi Arabia was known as a sanctuary or sanctuaries built to honor and the worshiping of tribal idols. who often warred against each other.

In about the year 610 AD he had a vision which changed his life. all-powerful but also merciful. Muhammad soon began preaching of one God. It was his wife Khadija who convinced him that the visions were divinely inspired and that Muhammad was a true prophet. interacting with other culture and tribes. and all the other statues evicted. he feared that the messages were coming from Jinn (In pre-Islamic and Asian-Mid Eastern Folklore a jinn was generally thought to be a race of supernatural creatures that inhabit the earth which exercise demonology.LEGEND According to the mother of Muhammad.e. Muhammad was against Idolatry and condemned the idols of Quarysh. While home in Mecca he would from time to time withdraw into the mountains of Hijra to meditate and pray. she said upon the birth of her son the stars merged together and a bright light appeared.. evil Jinn. The Quraysh persecuted and harassed him continuously. As a merchant Muhammad would travel widely.and four daughters. and he freely acknowledges that other prophets . i. When Muhammad first began having the visions. He firmly believed in one God which caused strife between him and the Quarysh. and he and his followers eventually migrated (left for fear of persecution) to Yathrib (modern day Medina) in 622 AD. 3 . Moses and Jesus .who did not survive . About the year 590 AD. which he called an angel (Angel Gabriel) speaking for god. His father died prior to his birth and his mother died when he was only six years old. Muhammad was born to Abdul Muttalib (father) and Aminah (mother). Muhammad then in his twenties entered the service of a widow named Khadija as a merchant actively engaged with trading caravans to the north. He wanted the Ka’bah to be dedicated to the worship of God (Allah) alone.have preached the same truth in the past. Muhammad claimed that he had a revelation (vision) from god. Muhammad later married Khadija.in particular Abraham. He was left as an orphan to be raised by his uncle Abu Talib. by whom he had two sons . (Similar to the Biblical account regarding the birth of Jesus Christ) HISTORY About the year 570 AD. He said he saw a luminous being. A series of several visions with the angel inspired him to create the writing of the Qur-an (revelations and edicts from god). evil Jeannie. evil spirits.

killing many Meccans and took spoils. Muhammad compromised with the Meccans by incorporating some of their idols into the evolving religion of Islam. A new religion and governmental system was born. Abu-Bakr begins a military exhibition to enforce the caliph's authority over Arabian followers of Muhammad and Islam. were exalted goddesses and their intercession was to be sought. After this pivotal migration. Muhammad and his followers returned to Mecca and conquered the areas and took over the Ka’bah.” He was soon made chief and united the Muslim converts under the name “Ansar” (helper) and organized an army. Muhammad converted many people from the two existing opposing tribes “Aus” and “Khazraj. According to the Qur-an. Muhammad and his army attacked a Meccan caravan. Islam the religious culture and government took a new form and became more violent causing what modern day call extremist. three Meccan deities. Muhammad instructed his followers who could not protect themselves to go into hiding in Ethiopia. He declared 20% of all plunder was for Allah and him. Accepting the name of Caliph ("deputy of the Prophet"). devised a system in which Islam can sustain religious and political stability. He proclaimed that Al-Lat. Several campaigns began northward to overtake Persian forces and neighboring empires. Al-Uzza. He then went on to kill the Jews in Yathrib who refused to convert. Muhammad lost the battle of Uhud to the Meccans. This led to the Meccans accepting Islam. An unbeliever or one who rejects Allah is considered an infidel. he began to speak out against the Meccans and their idol worship. and Manat. a view that takes the Qur-an ultra literal without interpretation.While in Yathrib. It was this conflict with the Meccans that led to the first blood shed in the name of Islam. As the opposition grew. thus the push for power to reign over the world. Not able to protect his remaining followers. his followers (Muslim community) became the political and military force of Mecca. his father-in-law. Islam had begun its push on the world and those who would not submit would be stricken down in the name of ALLAH. As Muhammad's converts grew. In 630 AD. The once subdued created religion by Muhammad has metamorphosed into a radical dictate that uses force when faced with opposition of unbelievers. thus they now encourage incitement to violence against non-Muslims 4 . or Hijra. In 632 AD with the death of Muhammad. infidel and unbelievers must be dealt with harshly and swiftly. Abu-Bakr.

love and respect for those "People of the Book" – a term used in the Qur’an to describe those who believe in one God and in the revealed scriptures from God. regarding the concern about the existing dangers of false doctrine and the deception that was causing them to stray away from the truth of Christianity. His temporary exile angered him. According to the Bible it is written “But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel other than what we have preached to you. later known as “by the sword“. until they pay the Jizya (tax) with willing submission. The majority of Islamic citizens have no choice. The spread of Islam was accomplished by the conquering of countries and the spread of military force. The Islam religion differs with Christianity in many areas.(“Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day. Allah has no son. a curse be on him! As we have said before. nor acknowledge the religion of Truth.A. This because they contended Against Allah and His Messenger: If any contend against Allah And His messenger. Muhammad brought forth a new teaching to the Middle East and surrounding countries. nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger. There are also certain factions that have strong 5 . Allah Is strict in punishment (Surah. Failure to abide by the law could results in a man being put to death and women imprisoned for life. A number of Qur’an writings (Surah 2:190. There is no democracy and secularism is not tolerated in most Islamic countries. He was taunted and threatened with death.12-13)” Commentary: According to the history of Muhammad. They do not believe in the trinity. “I will instill terror into the hearts of the unbelievers: smite ye above their necks and smite all their finger-tips off them. Muhammad attempted to bring together the idol worshipers of Mecca under one God.29-30)”. such as the Torah and the Bible. a curse be on him! (Gal 1:8-9)” Paul wrote in his letter to the churches of Galatia. The governmental system and military structure rule over the country which enforces the Islamic religion over the citizens. His later writings were more hostile in nature to anyone who opposed or refused to submit to Allah. The ideology of imprisonment.9 a. Sharia is the system of all Islamic religious laws. Muhammad’s earliest writings of the Qur’an spoke with a mood of peace. and feel themselves subdued (Surah. thus a no father concept or personal relationship. He claimed he had spoken with an angel from God who gave him the visions (revelations). thus he engaged the help of those who would believe his claim to be God’s messenger. Muhammad banded a group of nomads with promises of power and riches from their victories that would be declared “done in the name of Allah”. 2:256 and 29:46 (“and dispute ye not with the people of the Book”) speak to this.8. (even if they are) of the People of the Book. but to be Islamic and succumb to the tyranny for fear of punishment. The Sharia Law was imposed which all true Islamic countries must abide in. Only service. torture. He proclaimed himself as a prophet. I now say again: if anyone preaches to you a gospel contrary to what you received. allegiance and submission are required to serve Allah (a system of works). and death was being taught.

“Thou believest that there is one God. A person claiming Muslim does not mean they are evil or even a bad person. Hoye. I urge you to pray for them who are lost. Freeman. Islam and Islamic History Norris D Thane. We must be friendly. This can be illustrated as the many protestant churches who do not prescribe to the literal orthodoxy of the Bible.The new Manners and Customs of the Bible Authored by Miguel A Rivera / Calvary Chapel Pastors College 6 . One who claims belief does not automatically equate with truly following the faith. Inc: Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary James M.Logos Deluxe Maps Merriam-Webster. listen attentively and present our belief openly by being good witness and providing the manna (the Word of God) for the hungry. for Satan did not have faith in God.Holman Quran-English translation Tom Zinter-Islam and the Muslim world Charlie Campbell-ISLAM Paul F. It should also be noted that not all those who claim to be Muslim prescribe to the authentic literal doctrine of the Qur’an. We must pray for them and seize the opportunity to share with those who are wiling to hear the Word of God. As James point’s out even Satan believes in God. Rivera Servant of Christ Christian Standard Bible . Miguel A. thou doest well: the devils also believe. Written by. and tremble (James 2:19)”.orthodoxy and accept the Qur’an literally and are willing to commit themselves as martyrs for their belief. A believer is not one who necessarily has faith. but as a believer one must also have faith. As believers of the Word we are called to be doers of the Word. Theologians agree that both faiths would define this as falling short of the beliefs in the teachings of their respective Holy Scriptures.