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# Lab 2: Ohm’s Law – Voltage Dividers

## Part 1: Resistor Values

• You should have been given 3 resistors by the TA. Using the color code described above,
determine the value and tolerance for each resistor

## Resistor 1: Orange, White, Yellow, Gold

R1 = 39 x 104 ± 5% = 390 kΩ ± 5% Measured Value: 387 kΩ

## Resistor 2: Brown, Grey, Orange Gold

R2 = 18 x 103 ± 5% = 18 kΩ ± 5% Measured Value: 17.8 kΩ

## Resistor 3: Grey, Red, Red, Gold

R3 = 82 x 102 ± 5% = 8.2 kΩ ± 5% Measured Value: 8.05 kΩ

• Use the Ohmmeter on your lab bench to measure the actual resistance of each resistor. Are
the actual values within the tolerance limits as indicated by the color codes?

## 370.5 kΩ ≤ R1 ≤ 409.5 kΩ R1 = 387 kΩ

17.1 kΩ ≤ R2 ≤ 18.9 kΩ R2 = 17.8 kΩ
7.79 kΩ ≤ R3 ≤ 8.61 kΩ R3 = 8.05 kΩ

## • Build a circuit with 2 resistors in series.

• Measure the voltages Vdd and Vx.
• Do your measurements agree with the voltage divider equation?

## Vdd = 5.0 V Vx = 3.44 V

𝑉𝑑𝑑 5𝑉
I= = = 𝟎. 𝟏𝟗𝟑 𝒎𝑨
𝑅1 + 𝑅2 8.05 𝑘Ω + 17.8 kΩ

## ***Measured and calculated values for Vx are equal***

Part 3: 2 Resistors in Parallel in Series with 1 Resistor

## • Now build this circuit, and measure Vdd and Vx.

• Solve the voltage divider equation backwards to obtain the equivalent resistance of R2 and
R3 .
• Also solve for the equivalent resistance using the formula for resistors in parallel.
• Compare the values you obtain.

## 𝑅23 𝑉𝑥 𝑅1 (3.39 𝑉)(8.05 𝑘Ω)

𝑉𝑥 = 𝑉𝑑𝑑 ( ) 𝑅23 = = = 𝟏𝟕. 𝟎𝟐 𝒌𝛀
𝑅1 + 𝑅23 𝑉𝑑𝑑 − 𝑉𝑥 5.0 𝑉 − 3.39 𝑉

1 1
𝑅𝑒𝑓𝑓𝐿 = [ + ] = 𝟏𝟕. 𝟎𝟐 𝒌𝛀
17.8 𝑘Ω 387 𝑘Ω

## Part 4: Switch/Resistor in Parallel

• What are the measured values for Vx when the switch is opened and closed?
• Why would you expect these values? Give a written explanation or show using equations.

## Measured Values for Vx:

Open: 3.44 V
Closed: 0.00 V
When the switch is open, the resistors are in series, as in Part 2.
When the switch is closed, a short circuit is formed, and no current flows
through R2.