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Sectional Test Paper – I

(Chapters 1 – 4)
1. The number of solutions of the system of equations: 6. Let S = {1, 2, 3}. The number of symmetric relations
|z – 1| = 1 that can be defined on S is:
  and          z=3– z (a) 8 (b) 64
(c) 128 (d) 512
is:
7. Let f : N Æ N be defined by f(x) = x + (– 1) x + 1
(a) 0 (b) 1
(c) 2 (d) 4 then
2. Suppose z1, z2, z3 are vertices of an equilateral triangle (a) f Р1 (x) = x + (Р1)x + 1 " x ΠN
lying on the circle |z| = 2. If z1 = Р2i, then other (b) f Р1 (x) = x Р(Р1)x + 1 " x ΠN
vertices of the triangle are given by (c) f Р1 (x) = x (Р1)x + 1 " x ΠN
(d) f – 1 does not exist.
(a) 3 + i, - 3 + i (b)
1 + 3i, 1 - 3i
8. The number of integral values of a for which the
1 - 3i, 2 (d)
(c) 1 - 3i, - 2 equation x2 + ax – 16 = 0 has integral roots is:
3. The set of real values of a for which (a) 2 (b) 3
3 (c) 4 (d) 5
Ê a + iˆ

ÁË a - i ˜¯ = – 2 9. Suppose a, b, c Œ R. If each of the three equations
ax2 – 2bx + c = 0, bx2 – 2cx + a = 0 and cx2 – 2ax
is + b = 0 have only positive roots, then
(a) f (b) [–1, 1] (a) a > c > b (b) a<c<b
(c) [0, –2] (d) R (c) a = b = c (d) a > c, b > c.
4. Suppose a, b, c ΠR and 10. Suppose a, b, c ΠR. If ax2 + 2bx + c = 0 does not
a + ib have real roots, and a + c < 2b, then which one of
a2 + b2 + c2 = 1. Let z =
, then the following is not true?
1- c
(a) c < 0 (b) a < 0
1 + iz
is equal to: (c) b < 0 (d) a + 4b + 4c < 0
1 - iz
11. Suppose a Œ R and the quadratic equation ax2 –
a - ib a - ib a2 x + a – 1 = 0 has exactly one root in the interval
(a) (b) –
1- c 1- c (1, 2), then a lies in
c - ia c - ia Ê 1(
(c) – (d) (a) )ˆ
Ë1, 2 5 + 17 ¯
1+ b 1+ b
5. Let f : R Æ R by Ê1 (
2 2
(b) ) ˆ
Ë 2 5 - 17 , 1¯
f(x) = [5 – x [5x ]]

Ê1 ( ) 1( )ˆ
where [ y] denote the greatest integer £ y, the range Ë 2 5 - 17 , 2 5 + 17 ¯
(c)
of f is
(a) [0, 1] (b) R Ê1 ( ) ˆ Ê 1( )ˆ
(c) {0, 1, 5} (d) {0, 1} Ë 2 5 - 17 , 1¯ » Ë1, 2 5 + 17 ¯
(d)
STI.2  Complete Mathematics—JEE Main
12. Suppose a1, a2, . . . , a101 are in A.P.
Alternate Solution
1 1 1 1 The line Re(z) = 3/2 and the circle |z – 1| = 1 intersect in
If + + + =
a1 a2 a2 a3 a100 a101 6 exactly points.
y
and a1 + a101 = 50, then |a101 – a1| Re(z) = 3/2
is equal to:
(a) 10 (b) 20 x
0 1 2
(c) 40 (d) 60
13. An infinite G.P. is selected from the sequence
1 1 1 1
1, , , , ,
2 4 8 16 2. As – z1 Oz2 = 2p /3, Oz2 makes an angle of p /6 with
with first term 1/2a. If sum of the series as 1/15, then the x-axis
y
a possible value of a is
(a) 3 (b) 4
z3 z2
(c) 5 (d) 23
4n p/6 x
14. Let f(n) = Â (- 1)k (k + 1) / 2 (k2), then f(5) is equal to 0
k =1
(a) 420 (b) 720 z1 -2i
(c) 920 (d) 1020
1 1 Ê p pˆ
15. Sum of the series 1 – (1 + 2) + (1 + 2 + 3) – \ z2 = 2 Ë cos + i sin ¯

2 3 6 6
1
(1 + 2 + 3 + 4) + . . . . up to 2n terms is:    = 3 +i
4
1 1 Similarly, z3 = – 3 +i
(a) - n (b) - n 3
4 3 a+i 3 Ê a2 + 1 ˆ
1 3. = |– 2| fi Á ˜ =2
(c) - n (d) – n a-i Ë a2 + 1 ¯
2
fi 1 = 2. Not possible.
Thus, there is no real value of a satisfying the given
 Answers equation.
1 + iz
4. Let w = , then
1. (c) 2. (a) 3. (a) 4. (c) 1 - iz
5. (d) 6. (b) 7. (a) 8. (d) (1 + iz ) (1 + i z )
w =
9. (c) 10. (c) 11. (d) 12. (a) (1 - iz ) (1 + i z )
13. (b) 14. (a) 15. (c) 1 + i ( z + z ) - zz
=
1 - i ( z - z ) + zz
  Hints and Solutions 2a 2ib
But z + z = and z – z =
1- c 1- c
z = 3 – z fi 2Re (z) = 3
1.
a 2 + b2 1 - c2 1+ c
fi Re(z) = 3/2. and |z|2 = = =
(1 - c) 2
(1 - c) 2 1- c
3
Let z = + yi 1 - c + 2ai - 1 - c
2 Thus, w =
2 1 - c + 2b + 1 + c
3
Thus, + yi - 1 = 1 2(- c + ai ) Ê c - ai ˆ
2 = = -Á
2(1 + b) Ë 1 + b ˜¯
1 3
fi
+ y2 = 1 fi y = ±
4 2 5. For each x Œ R, 0 £ [5x2] £ 5x2
\ there are two solution

Sectional Test Paper – I  STI.3
2
fi 0 £ 5 – x [5x2] £ 1.
fi either a, b, c > 0 or a, b, c < 0.

– x2 x2 x2
Thus, [5 [5 ]] = 0 if 5 is Also, b2 c2 ≥ a2 bc fi a2 £ bc.
2 2
not an integer and [5 – x [5x ]] = 1 Now, a2 ≥ bc, a2 £ bc fi a2 = bc.
2
if 5x is an integer. Similarly, b2 = ca and c2 = ab
Thus, range of f is {0, 1}. Consider, (a – b)2 + (b – c)2 + (c – a)2
6. We have = 2(a2 + b2 + c2 – bc – ca – ab) = 0
S ¥ S = A1 » A2 » A3 fi a – b = 0, b – c = 0, c – a = 0 fi a = b = c.

  where A1 = {(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3)},
10. As ax2 + 2bx + c = 0 does not have real roots,
A2 = {(1, 2), (2, 3), (3, 1)}, and ax2 + 2bx + c > 0 " x ΠR
A3 = {(2, 1), (3, 2), (1, 3)}
or ax2 + 2bx + c < 0 " x ΠR.
A symmetric relation may contain any number of
elements from A1 and any number of elements from As a(– 1)2 + 2b(– 1) + c = a – 2b + c < 0,
A2. After picking up elements from A2, we pick up ax2 + 2bx + c < 0 " x ΠR.

the required elements from A3.
fi a < 0, b2 – ac < 0.

Thus, required number of symmetric relations on set
S is 23 ¥ 23 = 26 = 64 For x = 0and 1/2, we get
1
7. We have c < 0, a+b+c<0
4

f(1) = 2, f(2) = 1, f(3) = 4, f(4) = 3, … Nothing can be said about b.
Ïn + 1 if n is odd 11. As exactly one root of ax2 – a2x + a – 1= 0 lies in
i. e. f(n) = Ì
Ón - 1 if n is even the interval (1, 2)
Note that f is one-to-one and onto. Also, (a – a2 + a – 1) (4a – 2a2 + a – 1) < 0
Ïn + 1 if n is odd
f – 1(n) = Ì fi (a – 1)2 (2a2 – 5a + 1) < 0.

Ón - 1 if n is even
fi a π 1 and 2a2 – 5a + 1 < 0
fi f Р1(x) = x + (Р1)x + 1 " x ΠN.

1 1
8. If both x and a are integers, then x and x + a are fi (5 - 17 ) < a < (5 + 17 )
2 2
divisors of 16. 1 1
Thus, (5 - 17 ) < a < 1 and 1 < a < (5 + 17 )
Thus, possible values of x are ± 1, ± 2, ± 4 ± 8, ± 16. 2 2
  When x = 1, 16, a = 15; Also, discriminant of the equation
x = 1, – 16, a = – 15;
D = (a2)2 – 4a(a – 1)

x = 2, 8, a = 6
= a4 – 4a2 + 4a
x = – 2, – 8, a = – 6;
1
x = 4, – 4, a = 0; For 1 < a < (5 + 17 )
2
Thus, there are 5 values of a. 2 2
D = (a – 2) + 4(a – 1) > 0
9. As ax2 – 2bx + c = 0 has positive roots, b2 ≥ ac, 1
For (5 - 17 ) < a < 1,
b c 2
> 0, >0
a a D = a4 + 4a (1 – a) > 0
c a Therefore, a lies in
Similarly, c2 ≥ ab, > 0, >0
b b
Ê1 ( ) ˆ Ê 1( )ˆ
a b Ë 2 5 - 17 , 1¯ » Ë1, 2 5 + 17 ¯
     a2 ≥ bc, > 0, > 0.
c c
b c a 12. If d is the common difference of the A.P., then for
As > 0, > 0 and >0 each i, 1 £ i £ 100,
a a c
STI.4  Complete Mathematics—JEE Main

1 1Ê1 1 ˆ A possible solution of the above equation b – a = 0,


= Á - b = 4.
ai ai + 1 d Ë ai ai + 1 ˜¯
  \ a = 4
1 1 1 4n
Thus, + + +
a1 a2 a2 a3 a100 a101 14. f(n) = Â (- 1)k (k + 1) k 2
k =1
1 ÈÊ 1 1ˆ Ê 1 1ˆ
= - + - + = (– 1 – 22 + 32 + 42) + (– 52 – 62 + 72 + 82)
2
d ÍÎÁË a1 a2 ˜¯ ÁË a2 a3 ˜¯
+ …. + (– (4n – 3)2 – (4n – 2)2 + (4n – 1)2 + (4n)2)
Ê 1 1 ˆ˘
+Á -
Ë a100 a101 ˜¯ ˙˚ = (32 – 12) + (42 – 22) + (72 – 52) + (82 – 62) + …..
1Ê1 1 ˆ Ê 100 d ˆ 100 + ((4n – 1)2 – (4n – 3)2) + ((4n)2 – (4n – 2)2)
= Á - ˜ = Á ˜ =
d Ë a1 a101 ¯ Ë d (a1 a101 ) ¯ a1 a101 = 2[(1 + 2 + 3 + 4) + (5 + 6 + 7 + 8) + ... + (4n – 3)
+ (4n – 2) + (4n – 1) + 4n]
Thus, a1 a101 = 600.
Ê1 ˆ
Now, = 2 Ë ¯ (4n) (4n + 1) = 4n(4n + 1).
2
|a101 – a1|2 = (a101 + a1)2 – 4a1 a101 Thus, f(5) = (4) (5) (21) = 420.
= 2500 – 2400 = 100 1
15. tr = (– 1)r – 1 (1 + 2 + …. + r)
fi |a101 – a1| = 10.
r
13. Let common ratio of the selected G.P. be 1/2b, then 1 r (r + 1) Êr + 1 ˆ
= (– 1)r – 1 = (– 1)r – 1 Ë
its sum is r 2 2 ¯
1 2a 1 Thus,
b
=
1-1 2 15 2n n

2 1 b-a  tr =  ( t 2 r - 1 + t 2 r )

   fi b
= 4 r =1 r =1
2 -1 2 -1 n
2r 2r + 1
 ÊË 2 - 2 ˆ¯ = - 2 .
n

r =1