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Maths section test

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(Chapters 1 – 4)

1. The number of solutions of the system of equations: 6. Let S = {1, 2, 3}. The number of symmetric relations

|z – 1| = 1 that can be defined on S is:

and z=3– z (a) 8 (b) 64

(c) 128 (d) 512

is:

7. Let f : N Æ N be defined by f(x) = x + (– 1) x + 1

(a) 0 (b) 1

(c) 2 (d) 4 then

2. Suppose z1, z2, z3 are vertices of an equilateral triangle (a) f – 1 (x) = x + (– 1)x + 1 " x Œ N

lying on the circle |z| = 2. If z1 = – 2i, then other (b) f – 1 (x) = x – (– 1)x + 1 " x Œ N

vertices of the triangle are given by (c) f – 1 (x) = x (– 1)x + 1 " x Œ N

(d) f – 1 does not exist.

(a) 3 + i, - 3 + i (b)

1 + 3i, 1 - 3i

8. The number of integral values of a for which the

1 - 3i, 2 (d)

(c) 1 - 3i, - 2 equation x2 + ax – 16 = 0 has integral roots is:

3. The set of real values of a for which (a) 2 (b) 3

3 (c) 4 (d) 5

Ê a + iˆ

ÁË a - i ˜¯ = – 2 9. Suppose a, b, c Œ R. If each of the three equations

ax2 – 2bx + c = 0, bx2 – 2cx + a = 0 and cx2 – 2ax

is + b = 0 have only positive roots, then

(a) f (b) [–1, 1] (a) a > c > b (b) a<c<b

(c) [0, –2] (d) R (c) a = b = c (d) a > c, b > c.

4. Suppose a, b, c Œ R and 10. Suppose a, b, c Œ R. If ax2 + 2bx + c = 0 does not

a + ib have real roots, and a + c < 2b, then which one of

a2 + b2 + c2 = 1. Let z =

, then the following is not true?

1- c

(a) c < 0 (b) a < 0

1 + iz

is equal to: (c) b < 0 (d) a + 4b + 4c < 0

1 - iz

11. Suppose a Œ R and the quadratic equation ax2 –

a - ib a - ib a2 x + a – 1 = 0 has exactly one root in the interval

(a) (b) –

1- c 1- c (1, 2), then a lies in

c - ia c - ia Ê 1(

(c) – (d) (a) )ˆ

Ë1, 2 5 + 17 ¯

1+ b 1+ b

5. Let f : R Æ R by Ê1 (

2 2

(b) ) ˆ

Ë 2 5 - 17 , 1¯

f(x) = [5 – x [5x ]]

Ê1 ( ) 1( )ˆ

where [ y] denote the greatest integer £ y, the range Ë 2 5 - 17 , 2 5 + 17 ¯

(c)

of f is

(a) [0, 1] (b) R Ê1 ( ) ˆ Ê 1( )ˆ

(c) {0, 1, 5} (d) {0, 1} Ë 2 5 - 17 , 1¯ » Ë1, 2 5 + 17 ¯

(d)

STI.2 Complete Mathematics—JEE Main

12. Suppose a1, a2, . . . , a101 are in A.P.

Alternate Solution

1 1 1 1 The line Re(z) = 3/2 and the circle |z – 1| = 1 intersect in

If + + + =

a1 a2 a2 a3 a100 a101 6 exactly points.

y

and a1 + a101 = 50, then |a101 – a1| Re(z) = 3/2

is equal to:

(a) 10 (b) 20 x

0 1 2

(c) 40 (d) 60

13. An infinite G.P. is selected from the sequence

1 1 1 1

1, , , , ,

2 4 8 16 2. As – z1 Oz2 = 2p /3, Oz2 makes an angle of p /6 with

with first term 1/2a. If sum of the series as 1/15, then the x-axis

y

a possible value of a is

(a) 3 (b) 4

z3 z2

(c) 5 (d) 23

4n p/6 x

14. Let f(n) = Â (- 1)k (k + 1) / 2 (k2), then f(5) is equal to 0

k =1

(a) 420 (b) 720 z1 -2i

(c) 920 (d) 1020

1 1 Ê p pˆ

15. Sum of the series 1 – (1 + 2) + (1 + 2 + 3) – \ z2 = 2 Ë cos + i sin ¯

2 3 6 6

1

(1 + 2 + 3 + 4) + . . . . up to 2n terms is: = 3 +i

4

1 1 Similarly, z3 = – 3 +i

(a) - n (b) - n 3

4 3 a+i 3 Ê a2 + 1 ˆ

1 3. = |– 2| fi Á ˜ =2

(c) - n (d) – n a-i Ë a2 + 1 ¯

2

fi 1 = 2. Not possible.

Thus, there is no real value of a satisfying the given

Answers equation.

1 + iz

4. Let w = , then

1. (c) 2. (a) 3. (a) 4. (c) 1 - iz

5. (d) 6. (b) 7. (a) 8. (d) (1 + iz ) (1 + i z )

w =

9. (c) 10. (c) 11. (d) 12. (a) (1 - iz ) (1 + i z )

13. (b) 14. (a) 15. (c) 1 + i ( z + z ) - zz

=

1 - i ( z - z ) + zz

Hints and Solutions 2a 2ib

But z + z = and z – z =

1- c 1- c

z = 3 – z fi 2Re (z) = 3

1.

a 2 + b2 1 - c2 1+ c

fi Re(z) = 3/2. and |z|2 = = =

(1 - c) 2

(1 - c) 2 1- c

3

Let z = + yi 1 - c + 2ai - 1 - c

2 Thus, w =

2 1 - c + 2b + 1 + c

3

Thus, + yi - 1 = 1 2(- c + ai ) Ê c - ai ˆ

2 = = -Á

2(1 + b) Ë 1 + b ˜¯

1 3

fi

+ y2 = 1 fi y = ±

4 2 5. For each x Œ R, 0 £ [5x2] £ 5x2

\ there are two solution

Sectional Test Paper – I STI.3

2

fi 0 £ 5 – x [5x2] £ 1.

fi either a, b, c > 0 or a, b, c < 0.

– x2 x2 x2

Thus, [5 [5 ]] = 0 if 5 is Also, b2 c2 ≥ a2 bc fi a2 £ bc.

2 2

not an integer and [5 – x [5x ]] = 1 Now, a2 ≥ bc, a2 £ bc fi a2 = bc.

2

if 5x is an integer. Similarly, b2 = ca and c2 = ab

Thus, range of f is {0, 1}. Consider, (a – b)2 + (b – c)2 + (c – a)2

6. We have = 2(a2 + b2 + c2 – bc – ca – ab) = 0

S ¥ S = A1 » A2 » A3 fi a – b = 0, b – c = 0, c – a = 0 fi a = b = c.

where A1 = {(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3)},

10. As ax2 + 2bx + c = 0 does not have real roots,

A2 = {(1, 2), (2, 3), (3, 1)}, and ax2 + 2bx + c > 0 " x Œ R

A3 = {(2, 1), (3, 2), (1, 3)}

or ax2 + 2bx + c < 0 " x Œ R.

A symmetric relation may contain any number of

elements from A1 and any number of elements from As a(– 1)2 + 2b(– 1) + c = a – 2b + c < 0,

A2. After picking up elements from A2, we pick up ax2 + 2bx + c < 0 " x Œ R.

the required elements from A3.

fi a < 0, b2 – ac < 0.

Thus, required number of symmetric relations on set

S is 23 ¥ 23 = 26 = 64 For x = 0and 1/2, we get

1

7. We have c < 0, a+b+c<0

4

f(1) = 2, f(2) = 1, f(3) = 4, f(4) = 3, … Nothing can be said about b.

Ïn + 1 if n is odd 11. As exactly one root of ax2 – a2x + a – 1= 0 lies in

i. e. f(n) = Ì

Ón - 1 if n is even the interval (1, 2)

Note that f is one-to-one and onto. Also, (a – a2 + a – 1) (4a – 2a2 + a – 1) < 0

Ïn + 1 if n is odd

f – 1(n) = Ì fi (a – 1)2 (2a2 – 5a + 1) < 0.

Ón - 1 if n is even

fi a π 1 and 2a2 – 5a + 1 < 0

fi f – 1(x) = x + (– 1)x + 1 " x Œ N.

1 1

8. If both x and a are integers, then x and x + a are fi (5 - 17 ) < a < (5 + 17 )

2 2

divisors of 16. 1 1

Thus, (5 - 17 ) < a < 1 and 1 < a < (5 + 17 )

Thus, possible values of x are ± 1, ± 2, ± 4 ± 8, ± 16. 2 2

When x = 1, 16, a = 15; Also, discriminant of the equation

x = 1, – 16, a = – 15;

D = (a2)2 – 4a(a – 1)

x = 2, 8, a = 6

= a4 – 4a2 + 4a

x = – 2, – 8, a = – 6;

1

x = 4, – 4, a = 0; For 1 < a < (5 + 17 )

2

Thus, there are 5 values of a. 2 2

D = (a – 2) + 4(a – 1) > 0

9. As ax2 – 2bx + c = 0 has positive roots, b2 ≥ ac, 1

For (5 - 17 ) < a < 1,

b c 2

> 0, >0

a a D = a4 + 4a (1 – a) > 0

c a Therefore, a lies in

Similarly, c2 ≥ ab, > 0, >0

b b

Ê1 ( ) ˆ Ê 1( )ˆ

a b Ë 2 5 - 17 , 1¯ » Ë1, 2 5 + 17 ¯

a2 ≥ bc, > 0, > 0.

c c

b c a 12. If d is the common difference of the A.P., then for

As > 0, > 0 and >0 each i, 1 £ i £ 100,

a a c

STI.4 Complete Mathematics—JEE Main

= Á - b = 4.

ai ai + 1 d Ë ai ai + 1 ˜¯

\ a = 4

1 1 1 4n

Thus, + + +

a1 a2 a2 a3 a100 a101 14. f(n) = Â (- 1)k (k + 1) k 2

k =1

1 ÈÊ 1 1ˆ Ê 1 1ˆ

= - + - + = (– 1 – 22 + 32 + 42) + (– 52 – 62 + 72 + 82)

2

d ÍÎÁË a1 a2 ˜¯ ÁË a2 a3 ˜¯

+ …. + (– (4n – 3)2 – (4n – 2)2 + (4n – 1)2 + (4n)2)

Ê 1 1 ˆ˘

+Á -

Ë a100 a101 ˜¯ ˙˚ = (32 – 12) + (42 – 22) + (72 – 52) + (82 – 62) + …..

1Ê1 1 ˆ Ê 100 d ˆ 100 + ((4n – 1)2 – (4n – 3)2) + ((4n)2 – (4n – 2)2)

= Á - ˜ = Á ˜ =

d Ë a1 a101 ¯ Ë d (a1 a101 ) ¯ a1 a101 = 2[(1 + 2 + 3 + 4) + (5 + 6 + 7 + 8) + ... + (4n – 3)

+ (4n – 2) + (4n – 1) + 4n]

Thus, a1 a101 = 600.

Ê1 ˆ

Now, = 2 Ë ¯ (4n) (4n + 1) = 4n(4n + 1).

2

|a101 – a1|2 = (a101 + a1)2 – 4a1 a101 Thus, f(5) = (4) (5) (21) = 420.

= 2500 – 2400 = 100 1

15. tr = (– 1)r – 1 (1 + 2 + …. + r)

fi |a101 – a1| = 10.

r

13. Let common ratio of the selected G.P. be 1/2b, then 1 r (r + 1) Êr + 1 ˆ

= (– 1)r – 1 = (– 1)r – 1 Ë

its sum is r 2 2 ¯

1 2a 1 Thus,

b

=

1-1 2 15 2n n

2 1 b-a Â tr = Â ( t 2 r - 1 + t 2 r )

fi b

= 4 r =1 r =1

2 -1 2 -1 n

2r 2r + 1

Â ÊË 2 - 2 ˆ¯ = - 2 .

n

r =1

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