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Museveni should do more New effort against Doris Akol: Four UIA’s revolving
for peace in South Sudan HIV/AIDS law year scorecard door swings again

Issue No. 547 Nov 16 - 22 2018 Ushs 5,000,Kshs 200, RwF 1,500, SDP 8

Fixing Bank of Uganda
Museveni meets Mutebile
Behind the scenes efforts to
save Kasekende, Mutebile

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Nov 16 - 22 2018
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Issue No. 547 Nov 16 - 22 2018

News analysis Business Health Arts Motoring

Cover story
Fixing Bank of Uganda
Museveni meets Mutebile
Behind the scenes efforts to save Kasekende, Mutebile

4 The Week
29 Comments
Stella Nyanzi’s new
mission in Luzira prison Can democracy come back?:
America’s ideals of freedom,
democracy, and justice for all
9 The Last Word
are now under open attack
Bobi Wine’s Kyarenga concert: Why
Uganda (like other African countries) keeps
rotating around the same roundabout
36 Health
New effort against HIV/AIDS
law: Activists target media
14 Analysis in fight to repeal sections of
prevention and control Act
Museveni should do more
for peace in South Sudan: After September peace
deal, new report reveals likely hotspots for war
39 Arts & Culture
27 Business
Child scrap
Doris Akol: Four year scorecard: Experts collectors inspire
want more from her new term as URA boss artist

STRATEGY & EDITORIAL DIRECTOR: Andrew M. Mwenda WRITERS:Ronald Musoke, Flavia Nassaka, Ian Katusiime,
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2 Nov 16 - 22 2018
Offline

Mississauga, Canada:
Members of the China
Disabled People’s
Performing Art
Troupe take part in
the thousand-hand
Bodhisattva dance
“The reason we may not attend is that
as the FDC party, we do not regard Mr
Museveni as the legitimately-elected
President of Uganda. If that issue
is part of what will be discussed in
December, then FDC management will
sit and take a decision.”Opposition Chief
Whip Ibrahim Semujju on Museveni meet
with Opposition
Butembo, the Democratic
Republic of the Congo:
Health workers wear
personal protective
equipment as they enter
the red zone of an
Ebola treatment centre
run by Médecins Sans
Frontières. The death toll
from an Ebola outbreak “This court has found that the
in the region has risen to
more than 200 applicant is a prominent and
influential person likely to interfere
with the witnesses. He has not
presented a doctor’s letter from the
detention facility where he is being
kept.”Lt. Gen. Andrew Gutti, General
Zhejiang, China:
Court Chairman on Abdullah Kitatta
Workers at the
fifth World Internet
Conference during a
group photo session
outside the venue in
Wuzhen

“Politics should be one eight of the
issues raised during the dialogue,
they should not take over and
become the centre of what is
discussed.”Justice James Ogoola of The
Elders Forum

People arrested in Money President What Uganda owes
300 Kampala last week
during Police operations
Shs3.2bn Museveni gave to
NRM youth
Shs63bn to international
organisations

Nov 16 - 22 2018 3
week
Museveni meets inter-party committee Stella Nyanzi’s
new mission in
Luzira prison
Makerere University
researcher and activist Stella
Nyanzi declined bail by the
Magistrates Court to teach
inmates at Luzira prison how
to use social media. Nyanzi
was charged with cyber
harassment and offensive com-
munication after she wrote
Facebook posts insulting Presi-
dent Museveni’s late mother
Esteri Kokundeka. She posted
President Yoweri Museveni held a meeting with a delegation of members of the Inter-Party Organisation for Dialogue a grotesque poem on Facebook
insulting Museveni’s mother
President Yoweri Museveni of the opposition political Congress (UPC). Others were a day after the President’s
asked opposition parties to parties, together with their NRM secretary general Justine 74th birthday. Her poem was
fight electoral violence in a supporters, to work with the Kasule Lumumba and her widely condemned for the
meeting with members of the National Resistance Move- deputy Richard Todwong, manner in which it attacked
Inter Party Organization for ment (NRM) government to JEEMA secretary general Fred- the President’s late mother but
Dialogue (IPOD), a forum of eradicate electoral violence and rick Kasajja and Democratic she was equally supported by
political parties represented the monetization of politics to Party secretary general Gerald those opposed to the govern-
in parliament. In a meet- give democracy and stability a Siranda. The meeting was also ment. She was remanded until
ing at State House Entebbe, chance to flourish in Uganda,” attended by Prime Minister Nov.22. This is the second time
Museveni was positive that if Museveni said in a state- Ruhakana Rugunda. Forum Nyanzi is accused of offensive
opposition parties join hands ment on his Facebook page. for Democratic Change (FDC) communication and cyber
with NRM, the ruling party, The IPOD delegation to State snubbed the meeting saying harassment. In April 2017, she
they can put an end to politi- House was led by its chairper- State House, a government was charged at Buganda Road
cal violence and monetization son Fred Ebil, the secretary facility, cannot be sued for Magistrate’s court for cyber
of politics. “I urged leaders general of Uganda People’s party activities. harassment and offensive com-
munication after she insulted
Museveni on Facebook.
Ex-KCC workers renew fight for Shs90bn
In what has become a worked as lawyers, division entitled to damages for
recurrent fight, ex-workers town clerks, administrative wrongful retirement from
of the defunct Kampala assistants, council and service and hence be paid
City Council (KCC) are enforcement agents. their terminal benefits and
demanding their terminal Early this year, the salary arrears. Following the
benefits and salary arrears High Court ordered the court judgment, President
following their sacking government to pay the Museveni ordered Kampala
in 2012. The workers are workers more than Shs92.2 Affairs minister, Beti Kamya,
demanding an estimated billion with interest at 6 to take appropriate action
Shs92 billion which court per cent per year until full to save government from
awarded them. A total of payment. Court ruled that incurring more financial loss.
1,013 these former KCC staff the former workers were

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4 Nov 16 - 22 2018
Week
Bobi Wine to youths:
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During his hugely attended count,” he told cheering fans.
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Love Beach in Busabala, in the awaited after police thwarted it

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Kyambogo university staff to get medical insurance
All Kyambogo University staff will exercise to create awareness among scheme but all staff will contribute
start getting medical insurance come all staff was done. The university 2 per cent of their salary to meet the
2019 after the University Council is currently procuring the service expenditures.
passed a staff medical Insurance providers for the services. Katunguka “One of the major challenges our
scheme policy to cater for health said the scheme will benefit about staff has been grappling with is the
demands of all staff. Vice Chancellor, 940 employees and their spouses, high cost of medication. We believe
Pro Eli Katunguka said an adhoc including at least four of their that with this new initiative, which is
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Week

Arrest warrants issued
for Bakaleke
Police countrywide is on notice to
effect the arrest of former Kampala
South Regional Police Commander
Siraje Bakaleke who is wanted for
trial on charges of abuse of office and
kidnap. Bakalele was a close aide to
former Police boss Gen. Kale Kayihura
and he remains untraceable. “We
Race for MUK top job heats up have sent the warrants of arrest to all
police stations and the search is still
The top two candidates last year bean acting as over the university wage on,” the Principal State Attorney in
vying for the position of Deputy Vice Chancellor bill among his pledges the Directorate of Public Prosecutions,
Deputy Vice Chancellor in charge of Finance while Bazeyo promises to Alice Komuhangi, told the Anti-
in charge of Finance and and Administration, a lobby for manageable fees Corruption Court. Bakaleke is accused
Administration at Makerere position he now seeks to and strengthen linkages of conning South Korean businessman
University are both long substantively be appointed. with the public and of over Shs1.4billion. Bakaleke is on
serving academics who Prof. Anthony Mugisha private sectors to support trial on charges on abuse of office,
have promised better has served as head of both students and staff. embezzlement, obtaining money by
management of university department and dean of The search committee false pretence and kidnap. He is jointly
funds. Prof William Bazeyo the School of Veterinary chairperson, Prof Joseph charged with six other police officers:
joined Makerere in 1985 Medicine and Animal Mugisha, will hand over a Robert Munezero, Innocent Nuwagaba,
as a medical student Resources and also worked report to the Senate to vote Robert Ray Asiimwe, Junior Amanya,
and has served as head at the institution for over on the two. Council will Gastavas Babu, Kenneth Zirintusa
of department, School twenty years. Mugisha then formally appoint the and businessman Samuel Nabeta
of Public Health deputy wants to negotiate with winning candidate after Mulowooza, the managing director of
dean, a dean and has since government to fully take approval. Eyepower Engineering Company.

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6 Nov 16 - 22 2018
Humour Did you know?

Zoom Air of India has
most female pilots
Airlines have been stepping up their
NRM secretary general Kasule Lumumba has revealed that her childhood dream was to become a nun. efforts to recruit more female pilots to
meet the increasing demand for travel.
Spending on travel and tourism has
spiked in recent years, with customers
keen to spend their money on new
experiences.
There were nearly 350 million more
international tourists in 2017 than in
2010, according to the World Tourism
Organization.
Globally, just 5.18% of commercial
pilots are women, according to the Air
Line Pilots Association International
trade union.
Indian airlines employ the highest
proportion of female pilots at 12.4%.
That’s according to the latest statistics
from the International Society of
Women Airline Pilots (ISWAP).
Zoom Air, a regional Indian airline,
tops the leader board. ISWAP says it
The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) of Parliament has recommended an investigation and prosecution employs nine female pilots out of a
of Keith Muhakanizi, the Secretary to Treasury, for allegedly causing financial loss of Shs114b. total of 30.
Kathy McCullough, communications
chairwoman for ISWAP and a retired
female captain, said that Indian
companies have “aggressively
encouraged more women to become
airline pilots in what they see as an
upcoming pilot shortage.”
A report by Boeing found that
with a growing middle class in India,
commercial air travel is expected to
become more frequent.
In the UK, about 4.77% of airline
pilots are women.
A typical day for an airline pilot
could include flying passengers or
cargo to short-haul or more far-flung
destinations. Commercial pilots’
salaries depend on the airline they’re
working for, the type of aircraft they
fly and their level of experience.
Plans by some MPs to reintroduce a motion seeking to extend Starting salaries range between £20-
their tenure from five to seven years have leaked. 30,000 for those in the cockpit.

Nov 16 - 22 2018 7
Paradise, US: A burned-out car and petrol station remain after Camp fire tore through the area
The Last Word Opinion

Bobi Wine’s Kyarenga concert
By Andrew M. Mwenda
Why Uganda (like other African countries)
keeps rotating around the same roundabout

L
ast weekend, Kyadondo East losopher, Will Durant, compressed it into Is pointing out Museveni’s perceived
Member of Parliament (MP), Robert a book of 100 pages titled `The Lessons of failures sufficient to qualify someone to
Kyagulanyi aka Bobi Wine, held a History’. His conclusion: history is driven be president? (I use “perceived failures”
“mega” Kyarenga (it’s too much) by human nature (our animal instincts), not because on the issues Bobi Wine attacks
concert at his One Love Beach in Busa- human ideals. That is why many of us are Museveni, the president has done fairly
bala near Kampala. Drovees of Ugandans gullible and short-sighted. well). I have strong disagreements with
flocked there to watch their new messiah Thus, like a herd of antelopes, Ugan- opposition leader and activist, Kizza
sing his new song, “Tuliyambala engule” dans converged on One Love Beach to Besigye. But he is, even with his many
(we shall wear the crown). It is a song prom- buy another dose of ideological cocaine. limitations, a much more informed person
ising to liberate Uganda from the “dictator- Bobi Wine offered them the drug they are than Bobi Wine. The fact that Ugandans,
ship” of President Yoweri Museveni. addicted to: denouncing Museveni and especially elites, embrace someone totally
The event happened when I was re- promising salvation – however vaguely. clueless about the problems and needed
reading John Gray’s book, `Straw Dogs: For many Ugandans frustrated with solutions for our country only shows why
Thoughts on Humans and other Animals’. Museveni’s long rule, Bobi Wine represents we have been changing leaders forever
In it, Gray, a professor of philosophy at a breath of air into our politics. What is frus- without ever altering the problems we
the London School of Economics, argues trating and depressing in this debate is the accuse them of.
that humans are deluded to think that they inability of the elite promoters of the One It is possible to argue that a leader does
are different from other animals. The only Love Beach mob to digest lessons from our not need to be informed about the alterna-
difference between humans and other ani- history. tive policies needed to “liberate” a country
mals, Gray argues, is writing; which gives Museveni came to power promising liber- – itself a hard argument to sell. But let us,
humans capacity to store information in ation from the very evils he is being accused for argument’s sake, accept such warped
permanent form. Many disagree, arguing of orchestrating: corruption, nepotism, trib- reasoning. The only saving grace would
instead that Gray bases more on logical con- alism and dictatorship. be that such a leader is backed by a coali-
sistence and less on “evidence”. Museveni argued that these problems tion of people with progressive interests (I
Gray’s argument appears fundamentally were a result of incompetence, selfishness, am thinking of industrialists, for example)
true. We humans think we are different ideological bankruptcy and lack of patrio- and ideological clarity. Under this context,
from other animals because we are capable tism by Milton Obote and Idi Amin. And it matters less who the person at the top
of “rational” as opposed to emotional Museveni was not alone. Practically every is because the middle and bottom of the
actions. single leader in Africa has come to power power pyramid is composed of powerful
But, as Jonathan Haidt, a professor of accusing their predecessor of these ills. They and progressive interests.
moral psychology at the Stern School have ruled or left office being accused of Look at the interest groups behind Bobi
of Business of New York University has them. Wine to glean what future portends for
shown in his book, `The Righteous Mind: More than half a century later and more the government he will most likely preside
Why Good People are Divided by Politics than 300 leaders who have come and gone, over. These comprise international and
and Religion’, human reasoning is a slave of one would expect a different discourse in domestic groups. His international backers
human emotions. Africa – one that looks beyond individuals are a coalition that can only help him pro-
Haidt researched human psychology and and situates these problems in a broader mote the interests of multinational capital,
moral reasoning. His findings confirmed structural context. It is from such an insight which Museveni has done for the last 30
the ideas of the 19th century Scottish Philoso- that we can craft a solution since one cannot years with crippling implications on our
pher, David Hume who had argued that treat a disease they have not diagnosed. country’s future development. So we are
people do not rely on facts and evidence to Indeed, if Museveni has failed, it is because not changing the major influence on power
arrive at our conclusions. They rely on prej- he misdiagnosed the disease by attributing but the personnel promoting it.
udices, biases, values, beliefs etc. We look a complex social problem to individual The second group supporting Bobi Wine
for those facts and evidence that support agency – Obote and Amin. Misdiagnosis is domestic – Uganda’s professionals
our values, biases, prejudices and beliefs – leads inevitably to wrong prescription. and a hotchpotch of unemployed and
what psychologists call “confirmation bias”. So we must ask: why do rational human underemployed youths. Both groups
Many of the Ugandans who went to Bobi being believe Bobi Wine is a solution to survive or seek to survive on salaried
Wine’s concert over the weekend, and the Uganda’s problem? In my few encounters employment, largely provided by the
elites who were promoting it on Twitter, with him and in my reading or listening to state or by multinational capital. This
demonstrate how emotional human beings his speeches, I am appalled at how unin- domestic constituency can only reproduce
can be. It proved that our feelings, not our formed and shallow Bobi Wine is. He has a government that relies on patronage – the
rational thinking, drive our actions as it a set of emotional feelings about the state very bloated state employment sector we
does among other animals. of Uganda, and almost no idea of their accuse Museveni of creating. How can this
Indeed, after writing his eleven volumes cause (he thinks it is Museveni) or a plan on be a solution to our current problems?
of `The Story of Civilisation’, a 10,000 how to solve them. His only slogan is that
pages-long study spanning 5,000 years of Museveni has failed (he cannot even articu- amwenda@independent.co.ug
human history, 20th Century American phi- late on what) and we need change.

Nov 16 - 22 2018 9
cover story

Fixing Bank of Uganda
Museveni meets Mutebile
Behind the scenes efforts to
save Kasekende, Mutebile

10 Nov 16 - 22 2018
cover story

W
By Haggai Matsiko had encouraged Mutebile to step
down.
hat would you
say if you saw
The take-over One line suggests that Museveni
is exploring ways of giving a golden
President Yoweri
Museveni and
and sale to parachute to Mutebile; a once highly
respected central bank who might not
embattled Bank of
Uganda Governor
DFCU of Crane have time left to redeem his image
at the floundering central bank.
Tumusiime Mutebile in a meeting at
this time? What if that meeting, which
Bank assets has Museveni, it is said, might ask 69-year
old Mutebile who in 2016 started
in fact happened last week, stretched
over two consecutive days?
since become his fourth five year term as Bank of
Uganda boss to step down before
Would you believe sources at State
house who are familiar with the issue toxic and drawn expiry of his term.
Timing of the Museveni – Mutebile
but are not authorised to comment on
it confirming that Museveni in fact public criticism, meeting is behind the speculation. The
meeting happened following reports
met Mutebile twice on two separate
days last week at State House but with suits and that one of the BoU board members
had suggested that both Mutebile
insisting that the meeting had nothing
to do with controversy at the crisis- countersuits in and his deputy Louis Kasekende be
removed from their positions. It is
plagued central bank?
“They met over other things,” one the court alleged that some members of the
BoU board of directors made the
source told The Independent, “and it suggestion to a committee appointed
is normal for the Governor to meet the by President Museveni in March
president anytime.” to quietly investigate affairs at the
But these are not normal times at central bank.
the central bank and speculation has The special committee led by
mounted that Museveni is now ready Bugweri County MP Abdu Katuntu
to move to fix things at the central comprises of IGG Mulyagonja, some
bank. shareholding in DFCU bank. other members of COSASE who
Around the same time, on Nov.05, The CDC was second biggest include Katuntu’s deputy Anita
a group of people dumped piglets at shareholder of DFCU at the time of Among, Mbarara Municipality MP
Bank of Uganda premises draped in BoU-DFCU deal over Crane Bank. It Michael Tusiime, and some BoU board
placards with the pictures of Mutebile was, therefore, a beneficiary of the members.
and Juma Kisaame, the managing sharp rise in assets of DFCU which, The committee completed its report
director of DFCU bank which BoU some analysts say DFCU acquired for last month and handed it to Museveni.
hand-picked to acquire assets of the a song. The CDC decision to sell its This investigation had taken the
defunct Crane Bank. shares when DFCU was going through pressure off both BoU and Museveni
The take-over and sale to DFCU of a great run also blighted claims made given that it was being carried out
Crane Bank assets has since become that the bank’s prospects were bright. behind closed doors.
toxic and drawn public criticism, with And given the crisis surrounding In their draft report, insiders say,
suits and countersuits in the courts. BoU, the dumping of piglets was seen the Katuntu committee recommended
The raging bad reputation even casts as a form of protest against the BoU that; among others, some senior
suspicion on the recent announcement leadership over their handling of the officials at the bank be relieved of
that Juma Kisaame, the managing financial sector. their jobs. It is not clear whether
director of DFCU bank which BoU In the past, piglets painted in yellow Kasekende and Mutebile are among
hand-picked to acquire assets of the colour—the colour of the ruling party these officials.
defunct Crane Bank, is quitting. NRM—and tagged with names of But Katuntu is also the head of
Kisaame’s quitting has been certain legislators, have been dumped the parliamentary committee on
interpreted by some as a bid to jump at parliament to protest against Commissions, Statutory Authorities
ship. unpopular actions and decisions by and State Enterprises (COSASE) which
It follows a decision by legislators belonging to the ruling has since switched gears to investigate
CDC Group, a UK-based party. Mutebile’s running of the central bank.
development finance For some, the dumping of pigs at The COSASE intervention followed
institution, in June BoU is seen as the lowest moment over a petition by aggrieved BoU staff
to dispose the last two years it has been in the following squabbles over staff changes
of some headlines over one controversy after Mutebile made on Feb.08.
of its another. For others, the pigs could On March 27, 2017, for instance,
have been the handiwork of those while meeting officials from BoU,
fighting BoU officials. some legislators and IGG Mulyagonja
at State House Nakasero, Museveni
Golden parachute for Mutebile told them to keep BoU issues out of
Whatever the case, in the eyes of the press--a pointer that he was getting
the public, the move has been seen as concerned about the implications of
another in a series of attacks against the bad press surrounding the bank.
the reputation of the BoU leadership. At the time, Mulyagonja had
It is against this background that appeared on radio and was quoted
reports emerged President Museveni severally in newspapers criticising

Nov 16 - 22 2018 11
cover story

Mutebile for frustrating her efforts to say firing the two pillars of the officials investing BoU enough time
investigate claims by whistleblower central bank, who have a combined to conclude their investigation and
that Mutebile’s February 2017 work experience of over 50 years make recommendations that the new
reshuffle was among others driven by between them of managing Uganda’s managers of BoU can start from.
tribalism. financial sector, will distablise the Plunging new managers into the
Now COSASE is focusing on BoU’s bank and send a dangerous signal BoU mess would make it next to
closure of seven banks. In its first about Uganda’s economy at the time it impossible for them to salvage the
sittings on the issue, the committee appears to be struggling. bank’s reputation, some insiders claim.
kicked Mutebile, Kasekende, and Firing either of them is also not Indeed, some of the problems Mutebile
their team out of parliament after a light move given their political and Kasekende are facing happened
they appeared without some critical constituencies. before Mutebile joined the bank.
documents. Kasekende is a catholic and a Three of the eight banks closed by
Apart from this, the Inspector Muganda with close links to the BoU that parliament is investigating
General of Government (IGG) is now powerful Mengo establishment. If were closed and sold before Mutebile
also looking into the source of wealth Museveni were to fire him, he would joined BoU.
of top BoU officials amidst allegations need a replacement with the same These also happen to be the most
of corruption, insider trading, and base. And Museveni is very sensitive to controversial sales. They are; Teefe
abuse of office. these things. When he fired former Vice Bank (1993), International Credit Bank
The Independent has already President Gilbert Bukenya, he replaced Ltd (1998), Greenland Bank (1999) and
reported how one of Museveni’s him with another Muganda catholic, Co-operative Bank (1999).
influential handlers met Mutebile’s Edward Kiwanuka Sekandi. Mutebile joined BoU in 2001 and as
deputy Kasekende and asked him and As for Mutebile, President Museveni such, banks closed under his watch are;
his boss to retire. also tends to be loyal to his loyal National Bank of Commerce (2012),
In the debate on how to reform BoU, servants and would not want to fire Global Trust Bank (2014) and Crane
calls for the two top officials to leave Mutebile who has served him at the Bank (2016).
BoU have gained more traction as highest levels since he took power and
more controversies have rocked the is credited for laying a foundation for Blaming BoU’s weak board
central bank. Proponents of this view Uganda’s economy while his assistant Away from this, some experts say,
claim that the reputation of the two at State House, Secretary to the Mutebile and Kasekende are not the
men has taken a hit and any sensible Treasury at the Ministry of Finance and only problem at BoU. They point out
reform of the bank can only happen Governor BoU since 2001. that current investigations by the
after they have left. As a result of all this, others say the IGG and the latest investigation in
Observers also cite a power struggle president just needs to wait them out. parliament over the closed banks are
between the two men, which they say At 69 and 60 respectively, Mutebile and likely to be expose junior officers of the
has divided the bank into two camps Kasekende are already in retirement BoU as the real culprits.
rendering it vulnerable and incapable age. Part of the problem BoU has had is
of performing its duties normally. Most importantly, Kasekende’s that its board of directors is not the
However, for others, the President contract expires in 2020 and Mutebile’s, strongest, insiders say. Failure for the
needs to keep the two men on the in 2021. The President can keep board to play its oversight role partly
job and work with them to solve the them on the job and wait for their explains why the central bank finds
current challenges facing the bank. contracts to expire and not renew itself in this mess.
Those behind this line of thinking them. This, many hope, will also buy Mutebile and Kasekende sit on

12 Nov 16 - 22 2018
cover story
that board as chairman and deputy But even when BoU’s powers Initially, BoU officials appeared
chairman, and Bank Secretary, Susan were boosted under the Financial to have the upper hand in this fight
Kanyemibwa, is the Board Secretary. Institutions Act (2004) and the FI as they sought to slap Sudhir with
Dr. William Kalema, James Kahooza, (Amendments) Act of 2016, old criminal charges. Some insiders are
Judy Obitre-Gama, Keith Muhakanizi, problems remained as the collapse still pushing for this action.
and Josephine Okui Ossiya, are the of the National Bank of Commerce But the turning point for Sudhir
other board members. (2012), Global Trust Bank (2014) and emerged when Justice David
“This board is incapable of providing Crane Bank (2016), later showed. Wangutusi, kicked off the case the two
oversight to the bank,” said an official BoU has since showed that tycoon key BoU lawyers Timothy Masembe
who is deeply knowledgeable about Sudhir Ruparelia was also running Kanyerezi of MMAKS Advocates
the inner workings of BoU, “They have Crane Bank in a similar fashion as the and David Mpanga of AF Mpanga/
also been sucked into the in-fighting.” owners of ICB and GBL. Bowmans on grounds of conflict of
Indeed, some board members do not When it took Sudhir to court on interest.
see eye-to-eye with Mutebile ever since July 03, 2016, BoU claimed that Sudhir had asked that the two are
he made the Feb.8 reshuffle. Sudhir concealed his 100% ownership removed from the case because they
The official added that while in the of Crane Bank by introducing fake represented Crane Bank until October
past Mutebile was a strong central shareholders including his wife and 20, 2016, when BOU took over its
banker, when his health deteriorated, three adult children, one Kasiklal management and thus the law firms
it weakened him and rendered him Kantaria of a phantom company called shared confidential information with
incapable of keeping tabs on critical White sapphire, one Jitendra Sanghani, the central bank, which they were now
goings-on at BoU. and businessman Godfrey Kirumira. using against him.
“Over the years,” the official noted, The basis of these allegations was Tired of the endless fight between
“BoU has done very well on monetary reportedly a forensic audit by Price Sudhir and BoU, President Museveni
policy. The challenge has been Waterhouse Coopers, commissioned had directed that the two settle out
managing the financial sector.” by the Central Bank. of court. However, officials at BoU
Indeed, the biggest challenges BoU is
currently facing have to do with failure
to manage the financial sector.
And this problem is also a historical
one. The 1999 judicial commission of
inquiry into the closure of commercial
banks blamed the collapse of the
International Credit Bank (ICB),
Greenland Bank Ltd (GBL) and
Co-operative Bank on their owners and
poor supervision by the central bank.
“The primary responsibility for the
failures of ICB, GBL and Co-operative
Bank lay with the owners and Irene Mulyagonja Abdu Katuntu Juma Kisaame
managers,” the commission comprised
of Justices James Ogoola (chairman),
David Porter, and Japheth Katto noted,
“All of them (three failed banks) were Junior staff at BoU say they always are divided over this. While Mutebile
afflicted with the one-man management raised red flags about the way Crane had agreed to settle with Sudhir,
syndrome of autocratic corporate Bank was being run but these were his deputy Kasekende is convinced
governance - exemplified by Thomas always shunted aside. that Sudhir has no case and that BoU
Katto (ICB), Sulaiman Kiggundu (GBL) Critics say that most of the mess in would trounce him in court.
and USAID (Coop Bank).” Crane Bank gained immunity due to As a result, efforts to settle have
The report added that there was no collusion, corruption, insider trading always been frustrated; keeping the
separation between senior management and fraud that went undetected or was fight between Sudhir and BoU raging.
and the board of directors in ICB or covered up. Museveni does not like that. He says
GBL, and that management took little But BoU’s biggest problem is over he is increasingly tiring of this ping-
account of depositors’ interests. the manner in which it has always pong that continues to erode BoU’s
“The Board of ICB consisted of sold these banks. The Auditor integrity.
four members of the Katto family, General (AG) investigated the sale of However, the COSASE investigation
including a six year-old child. GBL these banks and found that BoU had in parliament will be before cameras
had two boards of directors but undervalued assets of some of the and open to the entire public. How
neither had a say in the running of the defunct banks. In other cases, critical parliament handles that public
bank, run by the managing director documents related to the sale had glare and the sensitive information
alone through a tiny coterie of inner- since disappeared. that might be unearthed and how
circle of sycophants,” the report reads All this trouble was resurrected by President Museveni responds, might
in part. the takeover and sale of Crane Bank provide the concrete evidence about
According to Prof. Phares Mutibwa’s to DFCU. BoU controversially sold the the President’s intentions on BoU,
book, `Bank of Uganda (1966-2016); a bank to DFCU at Shs200 billion not Kasekende, and Mutebile. Until then,
Historical Perspective’, throughout the cash. Sudhir says that his bank was questions will remain about what
1990s Uganda witnessed bank failures valued at over one trillion shillings Museveni and Mutebile talk about
because the Financial Institutions and is currently locked in a fight with when they meet.
Statute 1993, gave BoU limited powers. BoU.

Nov 16 - 22 2018 13
Presidents Yoweri Museveni of Uganda and Omar al Bashir (centre) pose with Dr. Riek Machar (L) and President Salva Kiir of South Sudan (R)

Museveni should do more
for peace in South Sudan
After September peace deal, new report
reveals likely hotspots for war

By Ronald Musoke Eritrea’s Isaias Afwerki, Ethiopian President Museveni preaches peace

O
Sahle-Worke Zewde and Egyptian Prime
n Oct.31, happiness and joy filled Minister; Mostafa Madbouly, were also in In his address to thousands of South
the South Sudanese capital, Juba, Juba for the celebrations. Sudanese gathered around Dr. John
when several high profile leaders The peace agreement signed under Garang’s Mausoleum in the capital,
in eastern Africa joined President the theme: “Celebrating the dawn of Museveni; who is one of the guarantors of
Salva Kiir and his former deputy, Dr. Riek peace, appreciating friends, cherishing the peace, cautioned the South Sudanese
Machar, to celebrate the “return of peace to reconciliation and unity” signaled the latest leaders against the dangers of dividing
South Sudan.” effort to end a civil war which erupted people along sectarian lines; including
News of Machar’s return to Juba for in 2013, just two years after the newest tribalism and religion, and forgetting
the first time in two years added to the independent state on the continent seceding development and economic transformation.
excitement. from Khartoum. Before the outbreak of “Am sure this is the end of conflict in
Almost two months earlier, on Sept. violence, Kiir and Machar squabbled over South Sudan,” Museveni said.
12, the two former allies-now-turned what observers of the conflict referred He described how war is wasteful and
foes had appended their signatures to to as unequal distribution of power in advised that political arguments can be
a peace agreement made possible by a the government with Machar reportedly solved by discussions or free and fair
painstaking mediation led by the regional feeling shut out from power in his role as elections.
body—the Intergovernmental Authority on South Sudan’s vice president. At one point Meanwhile President Kiir congratulated
Development (IGAD). Kiir accused Machar of masterminding Machar and other opposition leaders for
Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni, an attempted coup d’état. When Kiir agreeing to come and celebrate peace. Kiir
Omar Hassan al-Bashir of Sudan, Somalia’s eventually sacked him in 2013, Machar took said their presence is strong testimony for
Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo Mohamed, up arms against Kiir later that year. peace in South Sudan.

14 Nov 16 - 22 2018
news analysis
Independent on Nov. 09 that Museveni a precursor to the breakdown of the
should this time use his influence over agreement in July 2016 when fighting
the South Sudanese elite, including erupted again in the capital Juba.
President Kiir, to make sure that they stop They also pointed to a lack of follow-
their military offensives and commit to up on the agreement by regional and
meaningful reform. international actors, and to a lack of
“Museveni and his regional colleagues pressure on the parties, especially the
have the responsibility to see this government, to implement it. Likewise,
agreement through,” he said. respondents were unanimous in their
He said provisions on monitoring the criticism of President Kiir’s national
agreement have not improved compared dialogue process announced in 2016.
to the previous agreement, and there are Most respondents said it was important
still no built-in sanctioning mechanisms to have a countrywide dialogue initiative
for spoilers. He told The Independent that to collect citizens’ views. According to the
fighting is still ongoing in different parts report, as soon as minimum requirements
of the country, by signatories as well as by related to security and political space are
those who refused to sign the agreement. in place, and when those responsible for
“While steps are being taken to prepare atrocities are held accountable, getting the
the implementation of the power-sharing views of the people could prevent further
parts of the agreement, which was the main violence and address the country’s many
focus of the discussion in the talks, I’ve structural problems.
seen little commitment to other parts of There was general consensus that
the agreement, such as on accountability, such a forum could go beyond the
government reform or the reform of the narrow focus on power-sharing that
security sector.” has dominated the latest regionally-
Van Laer said although there have been led discussions, and could address
significant events since the signing of the contentious issues, such as the number
September agreement, more needs to be of state or localized conflicts, from
done to convince people that this time escalating.
“The war era has ended, peace and around, the parties are really committed Going forward, the report recommends
prosperity has come,” he said. Then he to implementing the agreement and that IGAD should press parties to the
apologized for being part of the war that making sure steps are taken towards a September 2018 agreement to respect
has raged on for five years. He said it was sustainable political settlement. the ceasefire provisions and implement
“a total betrayal against the people of South He noted, however, that this time all of its provisions in a timely manner,
Sudan.” it appears some regional countries, consulting with citizens about their views.
including Uganda, are more supportive “IGAD should also ensure independent
Museveni’s responsibility of the agreement than in the past, when and adequate monitoring of the 2018
Ateny Wek, the spokesperson of the they felt western countries had pressured agreement including the ceasefire and
government of South Sudan called the parties to sign. security arrangements, and regularly
agreement “the final, final” deal— to “Also for these regional actors, focus publish its results as well as impose
emphasize a determination not to return to on power-sharing is not sufficient, they targeted sanctions on actors responsible
war. should also monitor the implementation for obstruction of peace efforts and for
But it was not lost on anyone that this is of the whole agreement that they atrocities.”
the 12th such peace agreement for South brokered, and sanction those that refuse According to IRRI, the African Union
Sudan since 2013. to do so.” should ensure continuous high level
So even with the excitement on the Released just days after the Juba diplomatic engagements with all parties
streets of Juba; many observers say it is celebrations, the IRRI report was based on to the 2018 agreement while the donors
hard to believe that the current peace deal research done earlier. At the time, there need to support South Sudanese civil
will prevent the country from sliding back was an ongoing High-Level Revitalization society actors in disseminating the 2018
into civil war. It might take months or Forum (HLRF) created by the Inter- agreement to South Sudanese citizens in
even years, but war will erupt unless the Governmental Authority on Development and outside South Sudan, in monitoring
mode of policking in South Sudan changes (IGAD) to revive the 2015 peace deal. its implementation as well as in sharing
fundamentally. The report released on Nov.5 noted their findings with regional and
“With the signing of the revitalized how respondents regretted the lack of international actors.
agreement, we should publicly implementation of the 2015 agreement, IRRI has also asked donors to support the
acknowledge it is one step on the road to which the majority blamed on the current organisation of a wider national dialogue
peace, but one which lays the foundation government of South Sudan, while others process based on inclusivity, minimum
for all that follows,” David Shearer, the blamed the rebel faction SPLM-IO. security requirements, and the acceptance
head of the UN mission in South Sudan told The respondents also criticized IGAD of its facilitation, complementarity with the
The Associated Press, moments after the for not sufficiently steering the High 2018 peace agreement and a clear mandate
signing of the treaty. Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) and and timetable.
The International Refugee Rights its member states, especially Kenya and “In order to ensure that citizens feel that
Initiative (IRRI) has even produced a report Uganda, and for its bias towards the there will be significant improvement for
on South Sudan titled “We do not honour South Sudanese government. them this time, setting up a wider dialogue
agreements.” Several mentioned the reluctance of about such issues, this time beyond
Thijs Van Laer, the programme director the government during the talks and power-sharing and really including South
for Prevention and Resolution of Exile at its reservations when signing under Sudanese citizens, would be helpful.”
the IRRI and author of the report told The international pressure; saying it was

Nov 16 - 22 2018 15
news analysis

A souvenir kiosk in Moscow offers a drawing of Russian President Vladimir Putin holding a baby President Trump, based
on a similar propaganda poster of late Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. Trump’s open embrace of authoritarian leaders such as
Putin makes it difficult for him to combat claims that his administration is not doing enough to prevent election rigging.

How to steal an election
in broad daylight
Autocrats and counterfeit democrats have perfected the art
of rigging polls to stay in power — without breaking any laws.

By Nic Cheeseman & Brian Klaas they slipped their cleanly marked observers noticed the disappearing ink

I
ballot papers into the ballot box to be trick — and many others — leading
n Ukraine’s 2004 presidential counted. Having done their democratic to the election being rerun. But
election, droves of voters turned duty, they left. Yanukovych’s defeat was unusual.
out in opposition strongholds, Four minutes later, their ballots were Incumbents win most elections these
hoping to oust the incumbent, blank. Although the opposition voters days; for two reasons. First, they
Viktor Yanukovych. Upon arrival at didn’t know it, they had been given enjoy many legitimate advantages,
their assigned polling stations, they pens that were filled with disappearing such as the ability to set the political
received their crisp ballot papers and ink. The ballot boxes were filled with agenda. Second, a remarkably high
pens to mark them with. They dutifully stacks of unmarked ballots. proportion of elections are rigged. Most
ticked the box for the opposition — Despite such dirty tricks, incumbents have learned to transform
and against the ruling regime. Then, Yanukovych eventually lost. Election elections from a threat to their grip on

16 Nov 16 - 22 2018
news analysis
power into something that can instead ministers and presidents who have Yakovlev did not take opposition
be used to tighten it. They’ve figured rigged elections to lower-level election lightly, and so he allegedly used his
out how to rig an election, leading officials; from ambassadors to local political influence to take Sergeyev out
to the greatest political paradox of aid workers, and from opposition of the game before he became a real
our time: There are more elections candidates to rebels and coup threat.
than ever before, and yet the world is plotters disillusioned with the state Thus, when Sergeyev launched his
becoming less democratic. of democracy in their countries. We bid to retain his seat, he was surprised
Nowadays, elections are held almost combined those on-the-ground insights to learn the names of two of his
everywhere. The vast majority of with global data on all elections held opponents: Oleg Sergeyev and Oleg
governments at least go through the since 1960 to get a broader picture of Sergeyev. The former was a pensioner,
motions of election campaigns and trends and to see how the election- the latter an unemployed man. Neither
are rhetorically committed to allowing rigging pros have changed their tactics had any qualifications for the office
citizens to cast ballots to choose over time. they were seeking. But they had been
the leaders who will govern them. handpicked for one key characteristic:
However, in many places, that choice is The smartest way to rig an election their names. When voters arrived in the
little more than an illusion; the contest There are a range of possible polling booth, they were unsure which
is rigged from the start. options that autocrats and counterfeit Sergeyev was their candidate of choice.
democrats can use to tip the electoral Many cast ballots for the “wrong”
Era of democratic recession scales in their favour. Different Sergeyev, which split the vote and
If you think that poor-quality elections require different tools — but contributed to Sergeyev’s downfall,
elections like the 2004 vote in Ukraine there’s a logic to all of them. exactly as Yakovlev had intended.
are an exception, think again: On a The smartest way to rig an election The problem, of course, is that
scale of 1 to 10, in which 10 reflects a is to do so before the ballots have even everyone realised the game that
perfect election and 1 reflects the worst been printed. If you have to resort to Yakovlev was playing. Voters aren’t
possible, the average election around stupid, and when they see three Oleg
the world scores just 6 according Sergeyevs on one ballot, they know the
to data collected by the Electoral election is being rigged.
Integrity Project. In Asia, Africa, post- The best manipulations are those
communist Europe, and the Middle that can be done subtly and legally but
East, the figure is closer to 5. Globally, nonetheless ensure victory. The worst
only about 30 percent of elections forms of pre-election manipulation are
result in a transfer of power. In other easily detected, illegal, and have little
words, incumbents win seven times out impact. Effective rigging ensures that
of 10 — and this figure is even lower you win and that you get away with it
in nascent democracies with a recent without losing legitimacy.
history of authoritarian rule. Such strategies include manipulating
Over the last decade, there has the voter rolls, excluding opposition
been a gradual decline in the quality candidates from running in
of democracy in the world. In 2017, elections, and distorting electoral
according to Freedom House, 71 districts to maximize partisan gains
countries suffered net declines in (gerrymandering). What all of these
political rights and civil liberties, tactics have in common is that they can
with only 35 registering gains. The be deployed months in advance of an
world has become more authoritarian election when most observers aren’t yet
every year since 2006, and the pace on the ground and can be presented as
of democratic decline seems to be technical or legal decisions as opposed
accelerating. Today, nearly 2 in 3 to political skullduggery. When these
citizens in the world live under a mechanisms are effectively employed,
system of government that is not fully governments can win elections unfairly
democratic. In other words, we are without attracting any of the negative
in the middle of a serious democratic rigging with armed henchmen and attention — criticism, sanctions,
recession. stuffed ballot boxes, you’ve already international prosecutions — that
In our research, we uncover a failed. Today, the most effective inevitably result from the use of other,
striking fact: Authoritarian regimes autocrats steal elections well before cruder strategies in the dictator’s
that hold elections and manipulate polling day. toolbox.
them turn out to be more stable Russian politicians learned this Sometimes, dictators, despots,
than those that don’t hold elections lesson long ago. In the 1998 St. and counterfeit democrats develop
at all. To understand how dictators Petersburg local assembly elections, bizarrely ingenious ways to
and despots get away with rigging Oleg Sergeyev was running for manipulate elections without breaking
elections — and how we can stop them re-election. In power, he had proved the law. In Madagascar’s 2006
in their authoritarian tracks — we to be quite a thorn in the side of the election, for example, the biggest
crisscrossed the globe, conducting city’s governor, Vladimir Yakovlev. So threat to the incumbent president,
field research in 11 different countries much so that some expected Sergeyev Marc Ravalomanana, came from
spread across sub-Saharan Africa, could run for the governor’s position an opposition candidate, Pierrot
the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and in the future or at least challenge Rajaonarivelo, who had been banished
formerly communist Eastern European his authority by campaigning for into exile outside of the island. It was
nations. We interviewed more than reform. A populist operating in a clear that if he were able to return and
500 elite figures, ranging from prime semiauthoritarian political system, run for office, he just might win.

Nov 16 - 22 2018 17
news analysis
Under Malagasy election law, legislatures in sub-Saharan Africa that was 37.1 percent. In other words, one
candidates are eligible to run for office are by other measures considered to be candidate got close to 70 percent of the
only if they have applied for candidacy significantly less democratic. vote, with their rival finishing with just
in person — in Madagascar. So, rather Some of these uncompetitive over 30 percent. This is a remarkable
than outright disqualify Rajaonarivelo elections are caused by demographic statistic that seems more in keeping
from running for office, the president clustering, where like-minded voters with sham elections in North Korea or
came up with a different strategy: self-select into districts (just imagine Russia than those of the world’s most
make sure that his rival couldn’t land trying to draw a balanced district of powerful democracy. Competitive races
on the island whenever he tried to fly Democrats and Republicans in San are vanishingly rare. Out of 435 House
home. Whenever his plane was about Francisco or rural Texas, for example). seats ostensibly up for grabs, only 17
to land, the government unilaterally But gerrymandering also plays a role. were decided by a margin of 5 percent
closed Madagascar’s airports and the Across the United States, self-interested or less, and only 18 others were within
flight had to turn around. Eventually, politicians get to choose their voters a margin of 10 percent.
the deadline to file the paperwork as rather than the other way around. The These statistics go a long way in
a presidential candidate passed. That worst offenders have been clustered explaining why many Republicans
exclusion of an opposition candidate in North Carolina, Michigan, and — in Congress seem unwilling to break
was certainly illegitimate, but it was until a recent decision by the state’s with President Donald Trump on
perfectly legal. And with no major Supreme Court to redraw electoral anything of substance; they know that
rivals on the ballot, the president boundaries — Pennsylvania. And there disagreeing with the president could
coasted to an easy victory. are offenders on both sides of the aisle: mean losing a primary race to a fellow
Americans and Europeans may Republican or, in some cases, losing
sneer at these tactics, but they are not to a moderate Democrat in the general
limited to Russia and African island
nations. Pre-election manipulation has The tiny election. The spread of uncompetitive
elections also helps explain why

electorate, and
been commonplace in consolidated turnout is so low in congressional
democracies for a long time. midterm elections; for voters who live

the fact that Old
“Rotten boroughs” — electoral in an uncompetitive district, many
districts that deliberately included a figure, “Why bother?”

Sarum’s voters
tiny number of voters who were all While many leaders still feel the need
dependent on a single landlord — were to hand over bags of cash to influential

were dependent
common in Britain in the early 1800s. village leaders in sub-Saharan Africa
The most notorious example was Old or Southeast Asia, some are now

on their landlord,
Sarum, which had no resident voters at supplementing this with much more
all. The tiny electorate, and the fact that innovative strategies. In some places,

ensured that
Old Sarum’s voters were dependent for example, incumbents who used to
on their landlord, ensured that the engage in unspeakable acts of violent
landlord would always be elected to
the landlord
repression around elections have
parliament. For many years in the learned that you don’t have to use
1700s, the borough was owned by the violence every time — you just have
Pitt family and elected William Pitt the
Elder, who was prime minister in the
would always to remind frightened voters of those
past abuses. An arsonist does not have
1760s.
If you wanted to take a master
be elected to to keep burning down your house to
convey a threat; rather, he can send
class in subtle and legal pre-election
rigging, you might want to travel
parliament the same message by simply shaking a
matchbox anytime he walks past. In the
to the United States. Despite being same way, incumbents can intimidate
seen as the world’s most powerful voters with innuendo and vague
democracy, America is where many threats — actions that are not usually
of the rigging techniques used today illegal.
were perfected and continue to exert Democratic gerrymandering happens Furthermore, those who buy votes
a powerful legacy. This is particularly in Massachusetts, Maryland, and to a are finding new ways to ensure that
true of two of the most tried and tested lesser extent Illinois; while Republican their money doesn’t go to waste. In
methods for establishing a pre-electoral gerrymandering happens in Florida, the past, voters might take money
advantage: gerrymandering and voter Ohio, Texas, and Virginia. In net terms, to vote a certain way and then vote
suppression. Republicans have secured a significant their conscience anyway. That made
Distorted electoral boundaries loom seat advantage in the House of vote buying an inefficient and highly
large in every U.S. congressional Representatives, thanks to the cynical uncertain tactic. But some savvy
election. Opinion polls consistently and self-interested way in which autocrats have found loopholes: In
show that Congress is viewed congressional districts are drawn. some cases, voters are instructed
favorably by just 10 to 20 percent of This hurts democracy, because for to pretend that they are illiterate or
Americans. That is about the same accountability to work voters must be blind so that they can vote by voice —
favourability rating as cockroaches. But able to “kick out the bums.” In turn, allowing the local henchman who paid
even with that dismal approval rating, this requires that most elections be them to hear them cast their ballots the
only eight incumbents out of a body of competitive — if they are not, then “right” way and ensure that the voters
435 representatives lost their re-election politicians can carry on regardless, safe have kept their end of the bargain. The
bids in 2016. This is one of the lowest in the knowledge that they will not lose threat of reprisals if the voter is seen to
turnover rates in the world — much their seats. But in the 2016 U.S. House be disloyal makes vote buying much
lower than the equivalent figure in election, the average margin of victory more effective.

18 Nov 16 - 22 2018
news analysis
In short, while more elections are But instead, since Jan. 20, 2017, to work.
being held and more elections are being Trump has sent unequivocal signals In the 21st century, strongmen
monitored to verify their integrity, to those who rig elections that they have learned that it’s easier to stay in
the entire business of elections has will not be punished. In fact, he has power by rigging elections than by
become a bit like a game of Whac-a- openly embraced and spoken highly not holding them at all. Right now,
Mole. Whenever Western observers get of authoritarian strongmen across the those who rig elections are outfoxing
good at detecting and condemning foul globe — from China’s Xi Jinping and not only their own citizens but the
play, opportunistic incumbents just the Philippines’s Rodrigo Duterte to international community as well.
shift their tactics or get better at hiding Russia’s Vladimir Putin and Turkey’s Unless we learn how to identify those
them. Recep Tayyip Erdogan. While strategies and address them, then the
The consequences of rigging are many Western observers were busy quality of elections will continue to
often negligible. There are countless condemning sham elections in Turkey decline. Over time, this is likely to call
elections that were blatantly and and Russia, Trump picked up the into question the basic legitimacy of
absurdly rigged and were never phone and congratulated both leaders. democracy, as people grow frustrated
noticed or condemned by international And for those who want to rig with elections that fail to bring change.
monitors, either because of a elections by jailing journalists or One of the main things that
technicality or because of geopolitical imprisoning opponents, it’s hard to get democracy has going for it today is
favouritism. Despite the wide range of a clearer signal than Trump’s nearly that despite its limitations, it remains
rigging tools frequently deployed, only daily attacks on what he calls “fake the preferred political system of
20 percent of elections are condemned news,” which makes the media, in his most people living in Africa, Latin
for cases in which significant words, “the enemy of the people.” America, and post-communist Europe,
manipulation was detected — and These signals matter, and they make according to surveys conducted
foreign aid was cut off following only it harder to combat election rigging. by organisations such as the
6 percent of all elections, suggesting After all, if election observers condemn Afrobarometer and Latinobarometer.
that in most cases where manipulation an election but the president of the But this support has limits. If
was detected, the regime did not suffer United States calls to congratulate democracy continues to generate
financially. the leader anyway, it undercuts the instability and tension without actually
Things are going to get worse before value of election monitoring and the delivering accountability and inclusion,
they get better. Many western nations fear of consequences among election authoritarian alternatives will start to
are turning their backs on democracy riggers. There is a real risk that, in the look increasingly attractive.
abroad. As Europe grapples with future, the exposure of election rigging
the internal challenges of Brexit and could pose even less of a threat to
the rise of authoritarian populism in authoritarian regimes than it has in the This article was adapted from Nic
Hungary and Poland, it is less able past. Cheeseman and Brian Klaas’s new book,
to support democracy outside its The tactics outlined here may `How to Rig an Election’.
borders in places like Madagascar and seem new, but they are old news to Nic Cheeseman is a professor of democracy
Myanmar. And the benefits of Trump’s the world’s dictators, despots, and and international development at the
“America First” turn are readily counterfeit democrats. For decades, University of Birmingham, the founding
apparent to the counterfeit democrats they have been fine-tuning their editor of the Oxford Encyclopedia of
of the world. Elites in the upper strategies in order to hold elections African Politics, and the author of
echelons of many governments pay that only they can win. Over time, their Democracy in Africa: Successes, Failures
close attention to what is happening in trial-and-error efforts have produced and the Struggle for Political Reform. (@
Western capitals — and Washington rigging techniques that, unfortunately, fromagehomme)
in particular. They take cues from the work. The government prints the Brian Klaas is a Fellow in Comparative
White House as a metric of what they ballots, lets people show up to vote, Politics at the London School of Economics
might be able to get away with in the and — almost without fail — wins and and the author of The Despot’s Accomplice:
future. When the signals from the West retains power. The hallmark of these How the West is Aiding & Abetting the
clearly show an appetite for punishing elections is that we usually know who Decline of Democracy. (@brianklaas)
those who rig elections, there is some will win well before the counting ends. Source: Foreign Policy magazine
scope for deterrence. That’s not how democracy is supposed

Nov 16 - 22 2018 19
news analysis

Women await treatment at the new women's hospital

Mulago’s referral
system failure
New specialised women’s hospital sinks back to the old ways
By Flavia Nassaka trained to work there. But now, it appears, might remain a dream even with the entire

O
the dream hospital is fast reverting to the necessary infrastructure in place.
n Oct.16, a week after President old Mulago ways. “what Mulago needs is a manager,”
Yoweri Museveni officially It was impossible to imagine this was Rutaagi says.
opened the new Mulago Spe- the new hospital that was opened with He explains that managing the referral
cialised Maternal and Neonatal strict referral rules to only handle cases that system requires basic resources to imple-
Hospital in Kampala on Oct.09, The Inde- require super-specialised care that could not ment such as human resources and the
pendent visited the facility. The expectation be handled by lower facilities. So what has right technologies to deliver services with
was to see an efficiently run facility with gone wrong? efficiency. He says these should be supple-
smiling health workers attending to patients Nothing but minor glitches, according to mented by efficient planning, quick deci-
in clean beds, using high end technology Dr. Diana Atwiine; who is the Permanent sion making, and supervision.
since the first days of free care had come to Secretary of the Ministry of Health. “Doctors are not trained in manage-
an end. When asked about this at a media brief- ment,” he says, “As much as it’s important
Instead, the scene was quite familiar for ing, she said: “What has been stopping for one to have medical knowledge, mana-
those who have visited any of the public Mulago from handling referrals are these gerial skills are key to be able to plan and
health facilities or the main Mulago Hospi- small glitches but we are now slowly identi- ensure policies are implemented.”
tal before it closed for repair. fying and solving them. This overcrowding Some doctors, it appears, would agree.
Women lay desperately on the floor in an because of headaches, malaria will soon Dr. Richard Idro, a pediatrician at Mula-
open space at the spacious reception area stop,” she said, “Our specialists are busy go Hospital says the challenge for health
seemingly waiting for treatment. Yet more treating malaria. Some get frustrated that workers is that they cannot just send away
were pleading with security personnel at they aren’t practicing their specialties and dying people and that people know they
the gate to allow them entry. end up leaving the country.” will find all the expertise they need at the
The facility was opened on the idea that But for Kyamureesire Rutaagi, the issues national referral.
it will run by its own specialists and have of the New Mulago Hospital extend beyond “They are better off waiting in queues
its own new equipment. It was a turn-key the glitches the public sees. The former at Mulago with hope than not getting
project with the Arab contractors who built lecturer at Makerere University Business anything at lower facilities”, he says,” no
it under agreement to hand over a finished School says Mulago has a management patient will want to queue when they know
hospital with everything from equipment problem. The management expert says if they can get the same service at Kiswa or
to hospital beds and health workers fully this is not fixed; the touted referral system any other lower facility.”

20 Nov 16 - 22 2018
news analysis
access to care from Health Center 1 or Vil- viously used in the private wing has been
lage Health Teams and Community Health transferred to the new hospital. We could
Workers (CHEWs) as first point of care, to not verify this but only one ultra sound scan
Health Center IVs, district hospitals, region- was in use when we visited and it is in the
al referrals up to the level of the national general wing.
referral. One of the top doctors here is J.B Tezita,
The problem was noted and in 2006, who is also a long time consultant obstetri-
when complaints of loss of records cian. Previously he was based at the private
increased, Mulago appointed a committee antenatal wing of the Obstetrics and Gyne-
to assess the possibility of having a com- cology extension of Mulago National Refer-
puterized record keeping system. Nothing ral Hospital.
came of it. Monday is a busy day for him as it
Plans to have this system were again is antenatal day at the private wing of
hinted on in 2017 when, during a tour of the Kawempe. Women and couples flock his
women’s hospital and renovation works clinic for antenatal solutions, conception
at the main hospital; the Mulago Hospital interventions, and post-natal advice.
Director Baterana Byarugaba announced He is usually at the clinic by 8am but
that they were installing a cyber optic cable his patients keep increasing and queues of
to implement a customized Integrated patients soon flow into the corridor.
Hospital Management system to enable Oct.29 was a typical chaotic day. Patients
them share and compare patient informa- scrambled for sitting space on benches in
tion easily with regional referral hospitals front of his consultation room. But by 9am,
and the Kiruddu and Kawempe annexes of the doctor had not arrived. The crowd kept
Mulago hospital. This is where most of the swelling as no one was leaving. Some chose
patients referred for super specialized care to stand – not bothered by the seemingly
are expected to be from. unclean terrazzo floor with stains of dry
Idro says there appears to be no alter- Dr. Diana Atwiine, the PS says the tech- blood drops and a stench that occasionally
native and the overcrowding of the new nology and everything will be in place early swept through – probably from a pile of
facility should communicate to healthcare next year when the refurbished Old Mulago hospital waste behind the building.
managers in the country that the people do is expected to open and a more efficient About 30 minutes after midday, Dr.
not trust that they can find care at the lower US$12 million ambulance system will be Tezita arrived. He seemed overwhelmed by
facilities. introduced to ease the referral system. the numbers.
He says Mulago should be creating con- She said the National Development Plan “I had asked someone to stand in for
ditions where patients know that if you go 2020 guides the leaders to implement the me,” he explained, “I had a case at the
there without a referral note you will not referral system. women’s hospital.” Then he was inter-
access care, but he adds that “the country is Dr. Lawrence Kazibwe, the Deputy rupted by a phone call and he seemed to be
ages behind in terms of implementing poli- Director at Kawempe Hospital also says giving instructions to the caller on how to
cies such as the referral system”. what they are learning from this is that handle another patient.
“One needs to look at how medical implementing a referral system is more Then he did something unusual; he
records are stored” he says, “It has become than having structures and buildings. He advised the women to transfer to the
worse now. People come with exercise gives an example that as big as his facility new women’s hospital if they want. The
books, we write and they take them back. is, he only has three ambulances to transfer suggestion was odd and showed how
We now don’t have any medical records patients when they need special care. specialists like Tezita now have to divide up
as hospitals; so you can imagine the sort The situation at Mulago, it appears, is their time between seeing mothers admitted
of conversation you will have if a doctor putting the much touted referral system to at both the general and private wing, attend
from a higher facility contacted you about a a test and the wing facilities are feeling the to those coming in for antenatal at the
patient.” pressure. Private wing and specialised cases at the
Government health facilities still use old The added pressure is felt at every new hospital. It is clear they cannot wait
style paper forms decades after the coun- department at the Kawempe hospital. At for the referral system that Dr. Atwiine
try adopted the referral system cascading the radiology department, equipment pre- promises to kick in.

*terms and conditions apply

AfricellUG @AfricellUG

Nov 16 - 22 2018 21
feature

Lion poaching
The brutal new threat to
Africa’s prides
The big cats are horribly easy to kill with poisoned meat,
allowing poachers to hack off their faces and paws
By Damian Carrington in Limpopo national park, from destruction of habitat and the snaring off, he kicks a rusted blue enamel bowl dis-
Mozambique of their prey for bushmeat. There are now carded in the dirt. “Poachers,” he spits.

T
fewer lions left than elephants. There are 20 or more vultures roosting in
hat’s fresh, just a few hours old,” “Poaching has the potential to be incred- a tall dead tree, suggesting a big animal has
says Kris Everatt, pointing at a clear ibly detrimental to Africa’s wild lions,” says been killed nearby. He walks downwind:
print of a lion’s paw in the hot dust. Everatt. “This is something we definitely “I use smell all the time, so much so that
“It’s the ghost pride.” didn’t need – another huge challenge.” the smell of a rotten animal is actually good
The print is female. A bigger male print “It happened really fast in Mozambique, to me now. I have found a lot of poaching
is soon spotted, also leading towards a pre- and it could happen really fast in the rest of incidents this way.” But, again, no lions are
cious water hole, then a smaller one. “A cub, Africa,” he says. Lion poaching has already found.
less than two years old,” he says. been reported from Zimbabwe, South Afri- Even technology doesn’t guarantee a
The anti-poaching patrol continues its ca, Tanzania, and Uganda. “You could end successful search. The day before, Everatt
careful tracking across the parched land- up with the only place left with wild lions in searched for a big male, Culu, who roams
scape of Limpopo national park (LNP) Africa being Kruger national park,” a well- between Mozambique and Kruger national
in Mozambique. Hippos wallow nearby, protected refuge across the border in South park, coming close to some infamous
crocodiles sun themselves and baboons yell Africa, he says. poaching villages. Everatt has collared
alarms calls at the rangers – but the team The poaching problem is especially wor- Culu, but standing on top of his vehicle
don’t find the lions. rying because it is far easier to poach lions with an antenna listening for a radio beep,
Everatt, from the global wild cat conser- than elephants or rhino. Lions scavenge, so he found the lion elusive this time.
vation group Panthera, is pleased nonethe- poachers only need to snare an antelope, “I think Culu is going to be poached,”
less. “I’m so happy – at least there are still poison the carcass with pesticide and wait. he says. “It is kind of inevitable. There are
lions here.” The ghost pride, who live along “I feel like I am racing the poachers to a lot more poachers than rangers.” LNP
the Machampane river, have very good find the lions, and they have the advantage is roughly seven times the size of Greater
reason for being elusive – they have been because they don’t actually have to see the London in the UK but has just 100 rangers
deliberately poisoned three times since lions,” says Everatt. “Lions are much easier in the field.
2015. Nine lions died, their faces and paws to kill than to study.” Time is against the Limpopo lions. Their
hacked off by the poachers, and the Lim- On the way back from the patrol, Everatt numbers have crashed from 66 to 21 in only
popo park’s lion population is in freefall. stops his Land Cruiser to watch African five years, according to survey data soon to
The targeted poaching attacks are a new white-backed vultures circling a couple of be published by Everatt. Based on the prey
and horrific danger to lions, which were hundred metres away – they could signal available, the area should support up to 200
already under serious threat across Africa a predator kill and, perhaps, lions. Striding lions.

22 Nov 16 - 22 2018
feature
“Targeted poaching has emerged over the blaring vuvuzelas. in front of you,” says park manager Jeanine
last few years to be the number one threat The devastation of lion prey by snaring vd Vyver. “But if you are poor, it is a very
to the viability of these lions,” he says. for bushmeat to eat or sell is another big good way to earn money in one go.” She
“The decline is so steep that you would not problem, despite it being outlawed in LNP. thinks the criminals may earn 25,000 to
expect lions to be around in the park in a One way this is being tackled is with 17 55,000 rand ($1,800-$3,900) per lion.
couple of years’ time.” The change from irrigation schemes to ensure food crops can Kelly Marnewick from the Endangered
2014 is so stark that Everatt thinks that must survive droughts and that farmers can grow Wildlife Trust in Johannesburg says 71 cap-
be when criminals first showed up wanting cash crops. Victor Sithole, who farms 110 tive lions have been poached in the last two
to buy lion parts. cattle in the nearby village of Timhodzoene, years: “It certainly shows there is demand
Who is driving the demand for lion teeth says he has a problem with lions every few for this product.” That is a worry for captive
and claws is unclear: illegal trade is by its years, but adds: “The biggest issue is lack of and wild lions alike, say researchers.
nature shady. But they have turned up water and grass.” Andrew Loveridge, a Zimbabwean lion
alongside elephant ivory and rhino horn LNP is also relocating 2000 families from scientist from the University of Oxford,
in shipments destined for east Asia. There eight villages in LNP to outside the park. UK, says: “Incidents where lions have been
is also a local market in southern Africa for It’s a difficult choice, says Miguel: “Some- specifically targeted by poachers are a huge
use in traditional magic. times you have to make the right decision concern.” Research shows “an escalating
A few poached lions have also had their for conservation.” trend in the trade of lion products is an
bones removed, potentially linking them to The park authorities welcome the help increasing threat to some national popula-
the controversial legal trade in farmed lion Everatt’s unit is giving to their anti-poach- tions”.
bones in South Africa. With just a few thou- ing efforts, which have stepped up in this Researchers are now trying to establish
sand tigers left, lion bones are now being year. “It is a fantastic concept,” says Peter what is driving the demand, he says: “We
used as replacement in Asian tiger cake and Leitner, project director at LNP. “It is show- do know that trophy hunters have been
wine. ing a presence in areas we would not have approached for access to lion carcasses
Camera traps set for wildlife in LNP have got to.” (after skull and skin is removed), with up to
snapped poachers returning from Kruger LNP has also brought in expertise from $1,000 a carcass offered.”
with tusks and rhino horn. But rhinos, the DAG Conservation Trust, set up by a In LNP, all those involved in conserva-
already wiped out in LNP, are becoming
rarer, so it appears lions are now being
targeted as another way to make money,
says Everatt: “A lot of the time it is the same
people, and often on the same trip.”
The most recent poaching attack in LNP
hit the ghost pride in January: four lions
died, along with dozens of vultures. One of
Everatt’s team broke down in tears at the
sight of the mutilated carcasses.
“It’s gruesome and I do have an emotion-
al reaction, but I try not to,” he says. “You
couldn’t deal with it if you did. It just keeps
happening.”
But such sights spurred Everatt to set up
his six-strong Lion Unit in LNP. “If I had
not, I think there would probably be none
left.” The unarmed unit, which has seized
poison before it could be used and removed
many bushmeat snares, is led on the ground
by Samuel Bilério, a young veterinarian and
trained ranger.
“We are worrying about seeing poach-
ers, as some have guns, but we have good former army colonel from Zimbabwe. There tion are optimistic that the annihilation of
morale,” Bilério says. “We are not here to are 26 people in the team and two helicop- wildlife seen in past years can be turned
fight, but to protect the lions and teach peo- ters to chase poachers. around and that LNP has the potential to
ple.” Lack of education and opportunities “There have been a lot of contacts in the one day rival the incredible density of wild-
for local people is a key issue, he says, with past two months,” says coordinator Sean life seen in Kruger, which is visited by 1.8
little tourism in LNP to date: “If I was born van Niekerk. “They usually run. But if million tourists year. “LNP could be full of
in one of the villages here, I would be the the guys have rhino horn, you are in for a wildlife,” says Everatt.
poacher, I wouldn’t have a choice.” fight.” A computer screen in their opera- “We are increasing our presence on the
Tackling the conflict between villagers tions tent shows 12 poacher groups tracked ground, we are seeing more, chasing more
and the lions that sometimes kill their cattle across the park in September alone. and finding more,” says Miguel. “With all
is crucial, as the trade in lion parts now adds The lion poaching epidemic has also our efforts we are moving to a better place –
an extra incentive to retaliate. struck South Africa, but here captive lions but poaching is still a challenge.”
Cornélio Miguel, the warden of LNP, – which outnumber wild lions – are the tar- Back out in the bush by the Machampane
says: “In the villages, they know these get. Tzaneen Lion and Predator Park, near river, Bilério remains on the trail of the
animals as their enemy.” Lion guardian Kruger, houses 60 lions and has been hit ghost pride. They remain in deadly peril.
schemes are being developed, aiming to three times in three years, leaving nine lions With his team, he has been their protector
build on successful schemes in Zimbabwe dead and with their faces, paws and tails for six months now and remains resolute. “I
and Kenya where villagers are employed hacked off. will see them,” he says. “They will not die
to keep cattle safe and chase off lions with “It is disgusting to see the animals cut up before I see them.”

Nov 16 - 22 2018 23
Doris Akol: Four
year scorecard
Experts want more from her new term as URA boss
By Julius Businge Supporting factors

D
Officials say while the informal
oris Akol, the Commissioner sector is estimated to cover up to 49%
General for Uganda Revenue of the economy, under TREP, URA
Authority (URA) must be a has for the last four years collaborated
happy woman at the moment. with other government agencies;
While on a six months maternity leave Kampala Capital City Authority
that ends in February next year, she (KCCA) and the Uganda Registration
recently got the news that her contract Services Bureau (URSB) to formalise
had been renewed for another four businesses.
years up to 2022. URA has deployed staff at One Stop
Commissioner General is one of the Shops (OSS) in over 34 municipalities
most powerful positions in the country. to ensure that taxpayers register their
Sources familiar with this development business name, acquire trade licenses
told The Independent that her bosses, and register for taxes under the same
President YoweriMuseveni and Finance roof.
Minister, Matia Kasaija, were impressed The other is taxpayer education and
by her performance recorded from compliance where several activities
FY2014/2015 up to FY2017/2018 during like countrywide budget breakfast
which, revenue collections have grown Doris Akol meetings, tax katales, familiarisation
year-on-year. However, she has failed to visits to the top taxpayers, university
hit or surpass annual targets. debates and establishment of tax
A detailed document shared by URA societies in all the major universities.
officials to The Independent showing There has also been revitalisation
performance for the last four years of rental income taxation that saw the
indicates, total gross revenue collection development of the proposed rental
has exceeded Shs48.7trillion which is tax policy in FY 2018/19. There has
an average of over Shs12 trillion per also been launch and implementation
annum or Shs1trillion per month. of the receipt utilisation initiative
There has been visible growth aimed at boosting book keeping
in revenue from Shs9.7trillion in amongst small businesses. This
FY2014/15 to Shs14.5trillion in campaign also intends to nurture a
FY2017/18 indicating an absolute culture of issuing and demanding
growth of Shs4.8trillion. for receipts amongst the citizens
Tax to GDP ratio has improved whenever purchases or sales are
from 12.33% to 14.33% by the end of made.
FY 2017/18. Additionally, the tax to The other reforms are;
national budget ratio has improved operationalisation of the one stop
from 69.04% to 73.9% in FY2016/17 and border posts, regional electronic
71.5% in 2017/18. cargo tracking system, the centralised
The total number of registered Matia Kasaija document processing centre, the
taxpayers has increased by 108.8% from Uganda electronic single window, the
632,379 to 1,320,691 in the period under taxpayers.) electronic issuance of certificates of
review. In the East African region, the URA origin, authorized economic operator,
Officials say this performance was revenue growth has been the highest implementation of single customs
boosted by various initiatives over recorded at 15.1% ahead of Tanzania territory and rolling out camera and
time including the Tax Registration Revenue Authority at 13.1%, Kenya surveillance system.
Expansion Program (TREP), robust Revenue Authority at 10.8%, Burundi The other achievements recorded
tax education and sensitisation Revenue (OBR) at 8.4% and Rwanda during the period are the launch of
campaigns and block management Revenue Authority at 12.8%. a Tax Agent Registration Committee
(physical identification and mapping of (TARC) to regulate the operations

24 Nov 16 - 22 2018
business
of tax agents and the launch of in this area. He also said that URA He said that for the country to collect
construction of the Shs139bn URA could collaborate more with other tax more tax, savings by the people must
building which is about to be authorities to curb tax avoidance by be encouraged.
completed. digital companies and multinationals For instance, he said that the larger
However, amidst increased in addition to enhancing its taxpayer part of the population and only up to
revenue collections, there have been education programmes. 20% of the taxpayers are accounting for
challenges including non-compliance Niwamanya says Uganda’s tax more than 80% of the tax revenue.
by some taxpayers, smuggling of policy is supportive of Akol’s efforts He also said formalisation of the
goods at borders, a volatile economic given that it is focusing on curbing economy is critical in supporting
environment, and tax avoidance by tax avoidance by multinationals and revenue growth. Available data shows
some taxpayers and failure by some widening the tax base in addition to that more than 8million Ugandans who
people to understand a number attracting Foreign Direct Investment should be paying taxes are outside the
of taxes which has resulted into (FDI). tax bracket.
resentment. “In the 2018 tax amendments, several “While we appreciated the
These challenges are partly to exemptions ranging from income tax, expenditure and review plan in last
blame for the persistent revenue VAT and stamp duty were extended to year’s budget framework paper, there
shortfalls recorded annually during developers and operators of industrial was concern that the budget was strong
Akol’s four year term. For instance, parks and free zones,” he said. on expenditure and deep on taxation
in FY2014/2015, the shortfall was Going forward, he said, anticipated but quite weak on wealth creation
Shs139bn, in FY2015/2016 it was improvement in economic performance which would otherwise be the best way
Shs404bn, in 2016/2017 it was has the potential to attract more FDI to increase Uganda’s domestic revenue
Shs458bn and last FY 2017/2018 it was which will result into improved tax mobilisation,” he said.
Shs600bn. collections. He added that the current tax
John Mark Agong, the budget policy regime does not seem to mirror
Expert views specialist at Civil Society Budget what government highlights in
Frederick Kibbedi (CPA), a partner Advocacy Group (CSBAG) advises the medium term, with the theme
at PKF, an accounting and business Akol to expand the TREP project to all “industrialization for job creation and
advisory firm told The Independent that
Akol’s performance has been good but,
going forward, her new term should URA annual revenue contributions to budget framework
focus on improving performance of the Revenue metric 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 2017/2018
electronic register and the incidence of
transactions. Net revenue (billions) 9,715.6 11,230.9 11,719.6 14,456.11
“If the creation of invoicing registers Tax to GDP-ratio (%) 12.33 13.51 14.05 14.33
is accelerated and widely implemented
then more taxpayers will get on the Tax to budget (%) 69.4 60.2 73.9 71.5
register,” Kibbedi said.  
He also said that tax formulation
Source: URA and MoFPED
and administration needs to be more
consultative and forward looking while the districts to increase the number of shared prosperity”.
maintaining the development agenda taxpayers. And that the tax regime does not
to avoid taxpayers resisting new taxes He said that URA should go beyond support production and value addition
like one on mobile money. their mandate and participate in in the case of excise duty.
Phillip Niwamanya, a tax consultant activities geared towards showing the “A tax regime that deters innovation,
at KPMG Uganda told The Independent value of tax to taxpayers. constrains business startups and
that Akol’sperformance for the last four But he said that Akol’sperformance formalisation, and widens the income
years is commendable but it falls short in the new term will depend on how inequality goes against the good
of the World Bank recommendation. the designers of tax policy and the intentions of our budget strategy as it
“The World Bank is of the view that budget spend on key sectors of the will not be consistent with job growth
Uganda has the potential to have a economy like agriculture. and shared value,” Bitature concluded.
tax to GDP ratio of 20% and above,” “Investing more money in
Niwamanya said. agriculture would increase economic Going forward
He suggests that more should be activity and taxable income since According to the revenue
done to widen the tax base. Options majority of the population is employed performance document, URA officials
for doing this, he said, are focusing on there,” he said. say the outlook into the future will
taxing the digital economy because that He also said that URA and focus on exhibiting more resilience
is where a lot of value is being created. government in general should study and commitment to increasing
He added that the government could the difficulties taxpayers are going domestic revenues; cultivating
implement provisions of the law such through while paying tax as one way of taxpaying culture amongst all citizens;
as the requirement to issue electronic enhancing stakeholder relationship and engaging more strategic partners to
invoices that are aimed at widening the tax compliance. support advisory and exchange of
tax base in addition to requiring every While presenting the views of the information.
individual whether formally employed private sector at the budget conference “We will seek to further simplify
or not to file an annual income tax for the FY2019/2020 in September this business processes, provide client
return. year, Patrick Bitature, the chairperson centric solutions delivered by quality
Niwamanya urges Akol and team of the Private Sector Foundation human resources both in terms of
to carryout regular and effective tax Uganda targeted both the URA and the professional competence and attitude
audits including training of officers government. of service,” officials said.

Nov 16 - 22 2018 25
business

UIA’s revolving door
Investment agency is hunting for a new ED
as it waits for IGG report on restructuring
By Ian Katusiime outside the scope of her mandate.

A
According to sources at UIA, these
fter making a detailed positions were previously non-existent
presentation about but she personally hired them and
investment licensing at a paid them over and above what they
breakfast meeting, Basil were supposed to earn. She was also
Ajer, the Acting Executive Director of accused of spending excessively on
Uganda Investment Authority (UIA), travel.
held his breath and said he intended According to inside sources,
to clear the air about something. Kaguhangire clashed with two
“I want to assure you, we are stable directors Hamza Galiwango, then in
and working well. The resignation charge of land division and Kiggundu.
letter is normal,” he said on Nov. 7 at Kaguhangire’s relationship with
Kampala Serena Hotel. Ejir handed in Galiwango is said to have been so
his resignation after four months as bitter that at one point, she instigated
acting head of UIA but perhaps what the arrest of Galiwango by operatives
was not normal was the six-month of Chieftaincy of Military Intelligence
notice he gave to the board and the (CMI), and the latter spent three days
line minister. UIA Acting Executive Director Basil Ajer in custody. Galiwango has since left
Ajer assumed his current role in UIA.
June when Jolly Kaguhangire, his On Oct. 26, the Kugonza-led
predecessor, was ousted from office by wait for the IGG report.” UIA board formally terminated
the board of directors due to abuse of He says UIA directors will be Kaguhangire’s contract after a tenuous
office. The concern of most observers in substantive capacity as soon as interdiction period of four months.
is the news that continually surrounds possible. According to a letter by the board, she
the investment agency as opposed The five are Prossy Kikabi was fired based on the findings of an
to why it was created-attracting (Investment Facilitation and Aftercare) independent investigation conducted
investors. Joseph Kiggundu (One Stop Centre), by a six-member committee into the
A source at UIA told The Independent Sheila Mugyenzi (Investment accusations levelled against her.
that Ejir had got another job in one Promotion), Richard Tebandeke Kaguhangire was facing accusations of
of the ministries meaning that the (Finance and Administration), and insubordination and corruption.
board will have to spend more time Eria Kaweireku (SME).
and resources as they hunt for a new New Middle East investors
executive director. Kaguhangire tenure Meanwhile in his presentation, Ajer
UIA Board Chairman Emely Kaguhangire, it is also said, got the top revealed that the second top most
Kugonza told The Independent job through the intervention of a powerful investments in Uganda for the months
during the meeting that when the female politician who has pushed through of July, August and September came
restructuring process was halted by similar appointments after some of the from Lebanon, followed by United
the Inspector General of Government, shortlisted candidates like Edgar Agaba, Arab Emirates. The top most investors
Irene Mulyagonja, it left the agency in Morrison Rwakakamba were snubbed. were Ugandans.
sort of a limbo. From the time Kaguhangire took Investors from the two Middle
“We had started the recruitment over in early 2017, UIA has been Eastern countries eclipsed those from
process then the whistleblower came rocked by one saga after another. She India and China who came fourth
in. We had recruited the directors; we was accused of hiring auxiliary staff and fifth in the first quarter of the
are at the level of appointment.” FY2018/2019.
The current directors were told to Investors in Uganda for Q1 for FY2018/19 Ugandans invested US$82million in
re-apply and as they wait for their fate their country while Lebanon sunk a
it is not yet clear, who will stay and Country Amount % age total of US$65million with the arrival
who will be sent packing. (Million $) of a financial services company.
However, sources at UIA also say Uganda 82.8 34.9 UAE investors have invested
the five directors were given short US$51million in the areas of
Lebanon 65.0 27.4
term contracts when the restructuring agricultural production, value
process was afoot. United Arab Emirates 51.2 21.6 addition and agro-processing. India
As a result, the directors at UIA India 12.0 5.08 and China, the traditional investment
are in acting capacity but Kugonza is behemoths in Uganda brought in
defiant about the situation. China 5.5 2.32 US$12million and US$5million
“We will manage the situation as we respectively.

26 Nov 16 - 22 2018
Executive Style

New facility to boost
Kampala’s waste management
What are the key elements are able to understand that
in your management waste is not just garbage
Rodney

M
philosophy? but can be turned into a
y management Mukula is big business and empower
philosophy the managing local communities.
is driven by director of the
three things; Kampala based Most of the city’s
consistency, experience drainage channels have
Asante Waste
and honesty. I also believe been blocked with plastic
in involving in performing Management wastes, a situation that
the work as opposed to Limited. He has accelerated floods
sitting back and waiting for spoke to The in the city. How can this
results. Independent’s problem be solved?
Agnes E We are in the process of
What is your assessment setting up the country’s
of the performance of
Nantaba about first material recovery
plastic waste management challenges facility where waste
in Uganda? of waste collectors and other people
We are not doing well and plastic can dump their waste
considering the quantity of management prior to transferring it
litter in the city and other and the to the landfill. Plastics,
parts of the country. This paper, metals, glass
is owed to weak policies, probable and other wastes will
weak enforcements and solutions in be sorted and given to
infrastructure inadequacy. Uganda. those who use this same
There should be policies waste as a raw material
to support the entire waste for their processes. This
management cycle. For collected and managed. As and dumping, people are will increase lifespan of
instance, if one takes bottled along that is not addressed, not involved in understating landfills and efficiency of
water, there should be a these challenges will keep how their waste moves from collection that translates into
recycle point where that haunting us. the bin and where it ends less litter on the streets and
bottle is disposed-off, and Some companies have up. This creates a challenge the drainage channels.
recycled into other valuable in-house solutions for waste because so much waste
items. There should be an management but have no will end up in landfills What is your projection
idea of following up on the solutions for the products and illegal dump sites. The of waste and plastic
waste stream. that leave their company solution is in improving management for the years
premises. infrastructure in terms of ahead?
Why is the country not waste recovery facilities We should be a in a better
doing well in waste What is the best way where it is sorted, and place in terms of waste
management yet more to promote waste recyclers who have value management and recycling.
than 300 companies management and principles for it can make sense of it There is willingness from
have complied with the of responsible littering and return it to the chain as government, authorities and
presidential directive to countrywide? valuable products. private sector to implement
recycle plastic waste? Good waste management better urban development
The challenge lies in practices start with The capacity to collect and programmes for waste. For
collection. It happens that individuals, institutions recycle plastics in rural instance, Kampala Capital
waste management is not and the government. The areas is still low yet they City Authority has a bigger
a core business in most laws are already in place are some of the biggest landfill that also offers
companies that produce including the National users of the polythene bags. value addition to waste.
plastics or use plastics as Environmental Management How can this be addressed? The laws are updated to
raw materials, and this Act and Local Government It has to be a collective incorporate the current
makes the entire process of Act. The challenge lies in the effort involving government lifestyles and standards;
addressing this challenge fact that people don’t get to and other partners. The there is also willingness
difficult. There’s need for know of such information government alone is not able from manufacturers for the
a combined effort on how because of low levels of to handle it due to limited changing mindset on the
plastics and other products sensitization on how to resources and man power. approach of waste.
that turn into wastes are reduce waste footprint. It has to carry out a lot of
produced, consumed, With regard to collection sensitization so that people

Nov 16 - 22 2018 27
Business
E-payment csr

Mastercard CEO Stanbic sinks Shs250m in MTN Marathon

S
promises Uganda

T
tanbic Bank has
hrough its cashless pay- handed over
ment solutions and oth- Shs250million to
er services, Ajay Banga, MTN Uganda as
the President and CEO its contribution towards
of Mastercard promised more the 2018 MTN Kampala
innovations to facilitate transac- Marathon. The Bank has
tions in delivery of financial and been a key long-term
related services at a recent visit partner and supporter
to Uganda. Banga, who also of the Marathon since its
met with Ruhakana Rugunda, inception 15 years ago.
the Prime Minister, said, Mas- This year, the event will
tercard continues to support take place on Nov. 25 and
digital payment ecosystems that proceeds will go towards Stanbic Bank CEO, Patrick Mweheire handing
would feed into the country’s improving maternal health over a cheque to MTN CEO, Wim Vanhelleputte.
growth roadmap and boost in the country. While
financial inclusion. The compa- handing over the cheque Marathon, a remarkable on Nov.07, MTN Foundation
ny’s infrastructure is behind the on Nov. 08 in Kampala, event that reaches out to announced it had donated
popular MTN Uganda Momo Patrick Mweheire, Stanbic’s thousands of Ugandans Shs50m towards the relief
Pay service and the recently chief executive officer said, through initiatives that aim efforts of the landslide
launched pay-as-you-go solar “We are proud to be an to transform lives in our affected people in Bududa,
program dabbed M-KOPA. annual partner in the MTN communities. Meanwhile, Eastern Uganda.

Management Management
Former Airtel director joins solar company Data firm, Raxio

V
illage Power Ugan- African Breweries. Com-
da (VPU) has ap- pany officials said, Ali’s appoints new VP

R
pointed Ali Balu- arrival adds a strong sales
nywa (Pictured) as focus and completes VPU’s axio Data Centre Limited, the first
managing director, accord- all-Ugandan management Tier III carrier-neutral data centre
ing to a statement released team. “Balunywa’s strong in Uganda, has appointed Abdul-
on Nov. 01. Prior to joining sales background in fast Rahman Baguma Ahmed (Pictured)
VPU, Balunywa worked moving consumer goods as the Vice President-Technology and Opera-
as sales and distribution in Uganda positions VPU tions. Baguma is a Ugandan national with
director at Airtel Uganda to further expand its reach 15 years experience in large IT projects fo-
and held various leader- within Uganda…critically cused on data center infrastructure planning,
ship positions with British to last-mile customers in architecture, designing, implementing and
American Tobacco and East rural areas,” officials said. management. Since 2006, he has worked at
MTN as the Infrastructure Manager covering
Uganda, Zambia, Swaziland and Rwanda.
ict Speaking on the appointment, the Raxio
General Manager - James Byaruhanga said:
Multinational firm launches innovation challenge “Abdul’s appointment is timely, we prepare

A
for the ground breaking of the data center in
merica’s mul- environmental problems charge of operations and Namanve this month.” On his part, Ahmed
tinational firm, for Africa’s population. The partnerships at Johnson & said: “I am more than excited to be part of
Johnson & John- challenge will support Af- Johnson said by solving this iconic project that will definitely change
son has launched rica-based entrepreneurs in last-mile challenge through the way we do business.”
the Champions of Science creating innovative health local empowerment of-
Africa Innovation Chal- care products and services. fers the greatest potential
lenge. This is the second Officials said in a Nov.08 impact in the fight against
continent-wide competition notice that entries must public health challenges
calling on African innova- demonstrate the potential and that it can help fuel the
tors to submit ideas for for scale from proof of local economy and catalyse
innovative technologies, concept stage to long-term infrastructure investments.
products and solutions that sustainability. Josh Ghaim, Johnson & Johnson is fami-
have the potential to create the chief technology officer ly of companies comprising
positive impact for African said participants with the of one of the world’s largest
communities. The challenge best solutions will receive health care companies and
focuses on identifying scal- up to US$50,000 in funding is drawing on over 85 years
able and sustainable solu- and other support. Alma of engagement in Africa in
tions to major health and Scott, the vice president in over 25 countries.

28 Nov 16 - 22 2018
Business

Vivo Energy launches
new fuels
By Julius Businge “The new Shell FuelSave

F
Unleaded helps reduce engine
uel distributor, Vivo friction and has been demon-
Energy Uganda has strated during driving from
launched new fuels city to the highway,”Asssi said
with additives to give adding, the new fuels would
motorists best and extra levels not change pump prices.
of performance. Speaking to In a related development,
motorists during a tour of the Assi urged government to be
company’s depot in Namu- more visible while dealing with
wongo near Kampala city players who adulterate fuel at
on Nov.12, Gilbert Assi, the the expense of consumers and
company’s managing director genuine industry players.
said the new additives are con- “A liberalised market
tained in Shell Fuelsave Un- requires government to do
leaded, Shell FuelSave Diesel more controls,” he said.
European Union Ambassadors and the Norwegian Ambassador to Uganda, and Shell V-Power.
pose for a picture with officials from Ministry of Works and Transport as This new development
Assi said that motorists will comes at a time pump prices
well as Colas and SBI (the companies building Hoima International Airport). detect the difference in the fuels
Construction of the $264 million airport which started in April 2018 will take for petrol are quoted at an aver-
when they realise that they are age of Shs4200 for petrol and
48 months and is due for completion and handover in April 2022. doing more kilometers for the Shs3,800 for diesel compared
same amount of fuel compared to an average of Shs3,700 and
to experiences before. He also Shs3,400 last year for the same
said that new additives make category of fuels.
the engine last longer and Increasing global oil prices
motorists spend less on main- and new tax measures by gov-
tenance. ernment locally are cited as fac-
Assi said that the new fuels tors behind the price increase.
have been enriched with The new prices are mostly
dynaflex technology which is quoted by leading industry
designed to help combat the players including Vivo energy.
buildup of dirt deposits in car Assi said high prices at their
engines. The new fuels are cur- filling stations are in line with
rently sold at some fuel stations big investments made in tech-
with a plan to sell it to other nology and related safety and
parts of the country in the near innovation services.
future.
Stanbic Bank Senior Marketing Manager Sonia Karamagi (L) together with the
Chairman of The Black Pirates Rugby Club, Edmond Owor displaying a jersey
after the duo announcing a Shs50million sponsorship deal from the bank at
Uganda Manufacturers Association on Nov.12.   The Independent/J.Businge

Weekly share price movement (Nov 02, 2018)
Security Nov 02 Oct. 26 Movement
BATU 30,000 30000 00
BOBU 140 140 00
CENT 1,398 918 54.2
QCL 259 253 2.4
DFCU 849 849 00
EABL 6,644 6,950 4.4
EBL 1,444 1,438 0.4
JHL 15,824 15,850 0.12
KA 436 426 2.3
KCB 1,398 1,484 5.8
NIC 16 16 00
NMG 2,576 2,579 0.1
NVL 349 350 0.3
A Vivo energy employee explains to motorists and journalists how the SBU 33 33 00
company goes about testing of fuel before dispensing it to filling stations UCHM 20 24 16
in the market. This was during an exclusive tour to the company’s depot in UCL 22 23 4.3
Namuwongo, a Kampala suburb on Nov. 12.   the Independent/Julius Businge UMEME 345 347 0.6
ALSI -- -- --

Nov 16 - 22 2018 29
COMMENT
By Ian Buruma
What now for America?
After winning the House, democrats shouldn’t focus on
shared loathing of Trump to win the nation

A
t least it wasn’t a disaster. If Democrats, fired up by their success, government regulation in the pursuit
the Democrats had failed to to impeach the president. But as long of material happiness. But for others,
secure a majority in the US as the Senate, which would have to America stands on an ideal of greater
House of Representatives, convict him, is in Republican hands, social justice and economic equality
President Donald Trump would an indictment by the House would – which nowadays should include
have felt almighty, with all the dire be practically meaningless. Even if a commitment to address climate
consequences that would entail. But the impeached, he would still be president, change (a barely-discussed issue in the
Republicans still control the Senate, and and Republicans would be inclined to midterms), given that global warming
that means that the judiciary, including defend him even more fiercely. will harm the poor more than the rich.
the Supreme Court, will be pushed It is certainly a good thing to have There have been boom times for the
further to the right. And the election more women and nonwhite, non- very wealthy, such as the Gilded Age
of Republican governors in major Christian representatives in the in the late nineteenth century, when 2%
states like Ohio and Florida means legislature. This provides a refreshing of American households owned more
that electoral districts can be finessed and necessary contrast to the than a third of the country’s wealth,
to boost Trump’s reelection chances in Republican Party, which has remade or indeed our own time, when the top
2020. itself in the image of its leader: angry, 1% owns almost half the wealth. And
One of the most common political white, and often openly racist. But to there have been periods of reform,
clichés ahead of these midterm elections fight Trump’s identity politics with when governments tried to redress the
was that they were a “battle for an equally aggressive form of identity balance. The most famous example is
America’s soul.” It is easy to imagine politics would make political tribalism Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal in the
Republicans and Democrats standing worse, and could make it harder for the 1930s.
for two different versions of the country: Democrats to win national elections. It is clearly time for New Deal II.
one is overwhelmingly white, modestly There is always a danger that the Instead of promising more tax breaks
educated, not very young, strong in Democrats will be divided, with for the richest citizens, a more equitable
rural areas, often male, and proud to younger radicals pitting themselves fiscal policy could pay for necessary
own guns; the other is better educated, against the mostly white establishment. bridges and other public goods and
younger, urban, racially diverse, more But the Republicans, who seem utterly services that would improve everyone’s
female, and keen to control guns. These united behind their leader, have a life. Affordable health care for all
are caricatures, but they express a very problem, too. The socially liberal, highly citizens is a mark of a civilized society.
recognisable reality. educated Republicans who used to be The U.S. is still a long way from that
Though both sides believe they are the backbone of the party have been goal. The same is true of high-quality
patriotic Americans, their idea of pushed so far to the margins that they public education. It is grotesque that
patriotism could not be more different. are almost invisible. John McCain was so many people who stand to benefit
The writer James Baldwin put the case perhaps the last of those Mohicans. from such “socialist” policies are still
for “progressive” patriotism well: he The Democrats should capitalise persuaded to vote against them because
loved America more than any country in on that. And the way to do it would they are supposedly “un-American.”
the world, and for that reason insisted be to put less stress on sexual, racial, Concentrating on egalitarianism
on the right to criticise her perpetually. or gender identity, and more on would appeal to liberals, of course, but
Trumpian patriots would have the economy. This might seem a it should not alienate moderate voters
denounced Baldwin as a traitor. naive strategy during an economic either, because more equality would
The big temptation for the Democrats, boom, when Republicans can boast be good for the economy. And it might
now that they have won control of the of record-low unemployment. But even persuade some angry, poor Trump
House, is to make the most of what they even many traditional laissez-faire supporters to recognise that his pseudo-
see as their greatest strengths: racial and conservatives should recognise that populism is not about helping the left-
gender diversity, and a shared loathing a yawning divide between rich and behind folks in Rust Belt cities and rural
of Trump. This would be a logical poor is not good for business. Henry hinterlands. It is about giving even more
position. Trump is indeed dreadful, and Ford, who was not a fount of wisdom money to the very few. The Democrats’
the Democrats could legitimately claim on many matters, recognised that if core message for the next two years
that older, rural white men are less you want to sell cars, you have to put should be that in a plutocracy, everyone
representative of America today than enough money into people’s pockets so else loses.
the young, the urban, the nonwhite, and that they can buy them.
newly empowered women. This, too, is an issue close to America’s
And yet, to focus the Democratic conflicted soul. For some, American Ian Buruma is the author, most recently,
agenda on Trump and diversity identity is based on red-blooded of A Tokyo Romance: A Memoir.
would be a mistake. There will be capitalist enterprise and rugged
pressure, especially from younger individualism, unhindered by excessive Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2018.

30 Nov 16 - 22 2018
COMMENT
By Joseph E. Stiglitz
Can democracy come back?
America’s ideals of freedom, democracy,
and justice for all are now under open attack

T
he United States has long held itself male-dominated society. And the urban down policies that their donors and sup-
up as a bastion of democracy. It areas where the majority of Americans porters oppose. Important recent books,
has promoted democracy around live, whether in the North or the South, such as Duke University historian Nancy
the world. It fought, at great cost, have learned the value of diversity. MacLean’s `Democracy in Chains’ and
for democracy against fascism in Europe Voters in these areas of growth and University of Oregon political scientist
during World War II. Now the fight has dynamism have also seen the role Gordon Lafer’s `The One Percent Solu-
come home. that government can and must play to tion’, trace the intellectual origins and
America’s credentials as a democracy bring about shared prosperity. They organisational mechanisms of the Repub-
were always slightly blemished. The have abandoned the shibboleths of the licans’ assault on democracy.
U.S. was founded as a representative past, sometimes almost overnight. In a America’s ideals of freedom, democ-
democracy, but only a small fraction of democratic society, therefore, the only racy, and justice for all may never have
its citizens – mostly white male property way a minority – whether it’s large cor- been fully realized, but now they are
owners – were eligible to vote. After the porations trying to exploit workers and under open attack. Democracy has
abolition of slavery, the white people of consumers, banks trying to exploit bor- become rule of, by, and for the few; and
America’s South struggled for nearly a rowers, or those mired in the past trying justice for all is available to all who are
century to keep African-Americans from to recreate a bygone world – can retain white and can afford it.
voting, using poll taxes and literacy tests, their economic and political dominance Of course, this is not just an American
for example, to make casting a ballot is by undermining democracy itself. problem. All over the world, strongmen
inaccessible to the poor. Their voting That strategy includes many tactics. with little commitment to democ-
rights were guaranteed nearly a half-cen- Aside from supporting selective immi- racy have taken power: Recep Tayyip
tury after the enfranchisement of women gration, Republican officials have sought Erdoğan in Turkey, Viktor Orbán in
in 1920. to prevent likely Democratic voters from Hungary, Jarosław Kaczyński in Poland,
Democracies rightly constrain majority registering. Many Republican-controlled and now Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil. Some,
domination, which is why they enshrine states have instituted burdensome iden- looking at the past, say that this, too, will
certain basic rights that cannot be denied. tification requirements at polling sta- pass. Think of all the nasty dictators in
But in the U.S., this has been turned on tions. And some local governments have the 1930s. Think of those, like Salazar
its head. The minority is dominating the purged such voters from electoral rolls, in Portugal and Franco in Spain, who
majority, with little regard for their polit- reduced the number of polling stations, survived into the post-World War II era.
ical and economic rights. A majority of or shortened their hours of operation. They are all gone now.
Americans want gun control, an increase It’s striking how difficult America A moment’s reflection, though, should
in the minimum wage, guaranteed access makes it to vote, to exercise the basic remind us of those dictatorships’ human
to health insurance, and better regulation right of citizenship. The U.S. is one of toll. And Americans must confront the
of the banks that brought on the 2008 the few democracies to hold elections fact that their president, Donald Trump,
crisis. Yet all of these goals seem unat- on a workday, rather than a Sunday, has been aiding and abetting today’s
tainable. obviously making it more difficult for crop of budding despots.
Part of the reason for that is rooted working people to vote. This contrasts That is only one of the many reasons
in the U.S. Constitution. Two of the with other democracies, like Australia, why it is so important this year to have a
three presidents elected in this century where citizens are required to vote, or Democratic Congress that can provide a
assumed office despite having lost the with some states, like Oregon, which check against Trump’s authoritarian ten-
popular vote. Were it not for the Electoral have made it easier to vote through mail- dencies, and to elect state and local offi-
College, included in the Constitution at in ballots. cials who will restore the vote to all those
the insistence of the less populous slave Moreover, a system of mass incarcera- entitled to it. Democracy is under attack,
states, Al Gore would have become presi- tion that continues to target African- and we all have an obligation to do what
dent in 2000, and Hillary Clinton in 2016. Americans has historically served a we can – wherever we are – to save it.
But the Republican Party’s reliance on triple function. Aside from providing
voter suppression, gerrymandering, and cheap labour and driving down wages
similar efforts at electoral manipulation (even today, as Columbia University’s Joseph E. Stiglitz is the winner of the
have also contributed to ensuring that Michael Poyker points out, some 5% of 2001 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic
the will of the majority is thwarted. America’s industrial output is produced Sciences. His most recent book is
The party’s approach is perhaps by inmates), this system was designed to Globalization and its Discontents
understandable: after all, shifting deny those convicted of a crime the right Revisited: Anti-Globalization in the Era
demographics have put the Republicans to vote. of Trump.
at an electoral disadvantage. A majority When all else fails, Republicans seek
of Americans will soon be nonwhite, to tie elected governments’ hands, in Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2018.
and a twenty-first-century world and part by packing the federal courts with
economy cannot be reconciled with a judges who can be counted on to strike

Nov 16 - 22 2018 31
COMMENT
By Abbey Semuwemba
Museveni is just a lucky man!
Although there is a lot of speculation as to why he has lasted
long in power, that is the most charitable interpretation

W
e have all heard scurrilous otherwise. But Uganda Muslim leaders novice. His ability to sing music in the
stories about President have been assassinated, Muslims jailed true sense of the word is in question.
Yoweri Museveni - and in bigger numbers, and more and People only support him because
believed some of them Museveni is still defended by a lot of they are super desperate for change,
-even if we would never make any Muslims. Some are even my friends. and they have seemingly lost hope in
such claims in public. I don’t think Museveni is financially predatory, Besigye.
anyone who had dealings with but then as some have famously Maj. Gen. Mugisha Muntu , in
Museveni was in any doubt about his remarked, he has to be because he contrast, is an excellent speaker
attraction to politics; whether dirty had nothing before the presidency. A with an analytical mind but his FDC
or otherwise. His outsize personality less grasping man would have gone presidency was probably the weakest
remains a strong drawing card, and under and not enriched himself using moment of the party. The fact that he
even his lifelong ugly hat and suits, state resources, as former Presidents is a Munyarwanda by tribe, though
and jokes, guarantee headlines. did, but not him. He has openly been not a fault, is likely to be used against
Although it is anyone’s speculation as doing it since 1986 and he now feels him. Not that I have personally got
to why he has lasted long in power, the comfortable putting his fingers in anything against Banyarwanda; it’s
most charitable interpretation is that national coffers for anything he wants. just that ethnicity is still a big factor in
he is just a lucky man. Hypothesising He has borrowed more money than our politics. Nevertheless, I still think
apart, however, his luck has been seen any president in our history, such that that majority of FDCs saw Muntu
in several incidents. Starting from the it will take generations to pay it back, as a saboteur within the party. Few
1980s Bush war when then-Uganda and he keeps getting away with it. shed tears when he quit the party. I
Army commander Oyite Ojok’s plane Without wishing to be unduly believe a man is not punished for the
crushed, at a time when NRA was rude, I would suggest that unless his good he does, but for the evil he does.
losing the war, to current events, you opponents study the man himself; Now, Muntu is spending most of his
see lady luck following Museveni in all especially get into his brain, none energy on weakening FDC rather than
he does. other than God himself will take him Museveni. Pity!
Joseph Kony and his Lord’s out of power. Let us analyse some As a postscript to this, I find it
Resistance Army rebels came and of the opponents that people are interesting that when personal heroes
went, and Museveni is still standing. now parading against him, minus are questioned, we seem to find this
Opposition stalwart Col. Rtd. Kizza Besigye. Robert Kyagulanyi aka Bobi wall of defensiveness and something
Besigye came and is probably the Wine, for example, although he can verging on screeching personal
closet to see him leave power, but find the heart of a character, is not attack, and a recourse to notions of
Museveni is still everywhere. Gen. an intellectual presence and he is a ‘beyond reasonable doubt’ and other
David Sejusa aka Tinyefunza came, such nonsense. This totalitarianism
threw his toys out of the tram, but of the mind, I feel, is the one keeping
he is now as quiet as an elderly in a
nursing home. People have opposition supporters at each other’s
throats, instead of targeting Museveni.
There was a massacre in Kasese after
the 2016 elections but there was not nicknamed Museveni has, however, had his
uncomfortable moments in recent
any mention of it in the international
press. Former Prime minister Amama him years. His proclivity for gaining
weight and a sickly arm have become
Mbabazi came, excited some people
but he is now more like a smiling duck “Bosco” in a topic of public discussion. He has
been booed off a few times; especially
on a lake waiting to drown. There has
not been a single coup attempt, at least reference whenever he visits sites of on-going
assassinations. People have nicknamed
officially, ever since Museveni became
president in 1986. He has sold almost to his failed him “Bosco” in reference to his failed
bicycle irrigation scheme. One can

bicycle
all state enterprises and the public characterise his lapses as sinister; but
are just suffering in silence. He has they can be attributed, rather, to a

irrigation
passed rubish laws in our parliament happy-go-lucky style, a large ego, and
and everybody is just looking on. He certain carelessness.

scheme
has told so many lies and nobody has
ever tried to hold him accountable. Abbey Kibirige Semuwemba is a political
The donors love him to bits to the commentator based in the United kingdom
desperation of majority of Ugandans. abbeysemuwemba@gmail.com
He published no views whatsoever
about “elimination” of Muslims self- or

32 Nov 16 - 22 2018
New effort on HIV/AIDS law
Activists target media in fight to repeal prevention & control Act

R
By Ian Katusiime Dora Musinguzi, the Executive Director of states that results of an HIV status may be
UGANET. disclosed to “any other person with whom
osemary Namubiru, a nurse, Some of the contentious provisions of an HIV infected person is in close or con-
was in 2014 sentenced to three the law include Article 18 (2) (d) where the tinuous contact including a sexual partner,
years in jail for criminal neg- results of an HIV test may be disclosed or if the nature of contact, in the opinion of
ligence over what seemed a released to “a medical practitioner or other the medical practitioner or other qualified
potential infection of a baby qualified officer who is directly involved in officer, poses a clear and present danger of
with HIV the virus that causes the treatment or counselling of that person, HIV transmission to that person.”
AIDS. Her crime was that as an HIV posi- where the HIV status is clinically relevant.” This means that a doctor can disclose
tive nurse, she placed the life of a baby in Musinguzi says this is “too wide a win- the status of someone living with HIV to
danger when she pricked herself with an dow” for the medical officer to operate in. friends, workmates depending on the doc-
injection she was administering. The other provisions of the law are those tor’s assessment of the closeness. This pos-
In her defence, Namubiru said she that criminalise “attempted transmission sibility is something that alarms activists
pricked herself accidentally as sometimes of HIV” and “intentional transmission of like Were.
happens among medical workers. But her HIV”. The argument against this provision She says the law ignores the high level
pleas were cast aside as police and swarms is that it interferes with medical ethics and of stigma attached to HIV/AIDS sufferers
of media cameras swooped on her. Test the doctor patient relationship. She added in Uganda and the caution required when
results for HIV infection on the baby were that criminalisation of HIV positive per- disclosing a positive status.
negative but Namubiru still served her sons fuels discrimination as happened in She says, for example, she cannot start a
sentence. the case of Namubiru. kindergarten for fear of the law because a
When she was released after one year Members of UGANET were unhappy medical practitioner might disclose her sta-
of her sentence, she reportedly got threats with the way journalists covered Namubi- tus to children under her care and frighten
to harm her from her neighbours and had ru’s arrest. The general feeling was that the some of them even if she poses no danger
to travel to the countryside and stay away media led the public trial and conviction of to them.
from her home in Kampala for several Namubiru. “I feel like the government is fighting
months for her safety. Beatrice Were is the embodiment of people with HIV,” she says.
Although Namubiru was not charged living positively with HIV; the virus that She says the proposed law is the latest
under the HIV and AIDS Prevention and causes AIDS. She was a young woman sign that the government is making lots of
Control Act 2014, her case was widely when she discovered she was HIV positive steps backwards since the 1990s when it
discussed recently at a symposium organ- in 1991. Two years later, she lost her hus- was regularly praised for its progressive
ised for journalists by Uganda Network band and thought her world had ended. policies on HIV/AIDS.
on Law, Ethics and HIV/AIDS (UGANET) She even wrote a will. But thanks to a sup- Were and other members of UGANET
meant to discuss better ways for which the port environment, she took on a new turn say the government largely ignored their
media can report about the law. The sym- as an HIV activist. Over the years, she has views as the law was being made despite
posium was held at Imperial Golf View spoken at various forums both in Uganda efforts to make their contribution.
Hotel in Entebbe. and abroad. HIV activists say that with the law in its
UGANET has already challenged the However a few years ago, Were said at current form, fewer people will be willing
law in the Constitutional Court but they the symposium, she started worrying not to come out on their status given the cur-
say the symposium with journalists on because of the deadly virus but due to the rent environment.
Nov.6 and 7 was necessary to carry out HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control “When the law is not there, you see a lot
more media sensitisation on the law. They law. She said it has hindered some of her of Beatrices (Were) and less of Namubi-
said they have faced an uphill battle chal- dreams. rus,” Musinguzi remarked.
lenging the law; especially its provisions “I love children and have always wanted Members of UGANET also oppose man-
on disclosure of HIV status. to start a kindergarten but that law may datory testing for HIV, citing mainly cases
“The vagueness of some provisions of kill the business,” she said and is worried of partners of pregnant women.
the law has caused many arrests,” says of Article 18 (2) (e) in the HIV law which “While some of these laws are well

Nov 16 - 22 2018 33
health
intentioned, mandatory testing laws are
regressive,” says a lawyer who did not
want to be named. “They drive people Breast cancer
screening
away from health facilities for HIV pre-
vention and counselling,” she added.
Were says she is concerned about those
who unlike her may fear disclosing their
status and withdraw further due to the
current legal regime.
“The law is a toxin in the environment How does it truly impact survival?
of HIV where we have invested so much
in the fight,” she said.
By Maria Cohut breast cancers leading to death within
Activists selfish?

I
10 years and within 20 years following
But Dr Medard Bitekyerezo, the chair- n the medical world, there is an diagnosis.
man of the National Drug Authority and ongoing debate about the extent to The investigators found that the
who was key in the composition of the which regularly screening for breast women who had joined an organised
law when he was a Member of Parlia- cancer actually improves a person’s breast cancer screening program had a
ment for Mbarara Municipality says chances of survival if cancer is detected. 60 percent lower risk of death within 10
those who are against this law are being New research tries to settle that debate. years following breast cancer diagnosis.
‘’selfish’’. Breast cancer is the most common They also had a 47 percent lower risk of
“What happens when someone who type of cancer diagnosed in women. death within 20 years after breast cancer
smokes marijuana rapes your 12-year old According to the World Health diagnosis.
daughter and infects her? Of course you Organization (WHO), more than 508,000 All the participants who were
test her and also this person to protect women may have died in 2011 alone diagnosed with breast cancer, the
other people from him,” he explains. due to causes related to breast cancer. investigators note, received the
Bitekyerezo says in the process of mak- However, most forms of breast appropriate treatment for the cancer
ing this law, he and other MPs made seri- cancer are highly stage they were
ous consultations where a number of case treatable, and experiencing, in
scenarios were drawn up. “We are not the assumption line with the most
traumatising or criminalising anybody. usually is that recent national
What is wrong with somebody knowing the sooner it is guidelines at that
their status and then putting a safeguard? diagnosed, the time.
Let them not be selfish.” more effective the The researchers
He tells The Independent that part of treatment will be. believe that
the information that was used during the Recently, screening allows
making of the law was gathered when he specialists from specialists to
was chairman of Board of Trustees AIDS Queen Mary detect cancer
Information Centre (AIC). University of tumors at an
On the charge of criminalisation, he London in the early stage, which
says not everybody with HIV is bad- United Kingdom, means the tumors
hearted. “There are some people who the Falun Central can be treated
have HIV and behave more responsibly Hospital in Sweden, and numerous sooner, and they will respond better to
than those who are negative,” he adds other research institutions worldwide therapy.
that some of those who are positive are set out to establish just how important “Recent improvements in treatments
living safer lives. breast screening is in increasing survival have led to reduced deaths from breast
Bitekyerezo who says he spent a lot of rates following diagnosis. cancer,” says senior study author Prof.
time in Mbarara treating HIV positive The research, which took into account Stephen Duffy, from Queen Mary
people says some of the clauses in the law the medical information of over 50,000 University of London.
have been misinterpreted. “There is no women, found that breast screening is “However, these new results
doctor who is going to disclose anyone’s highly beneficial. The study paper is demonstrate the vital role that screening
status. He says the law is meant to help now available in Cancer, a journal of the also has to play, giving women a much
people who may be positive but have American Cancer Society (ACS). greater benefit from modern treatments.
negative partners and are looking to con- We need to ensure that participation in
ceal their status from the negative one. 60 percent lower risk of death breast screening programs improves,
“Activists don’t want to help people. In their study, the research team especially in socio-economically
The message to doctors and nurses is analyzed data collected from 52,438 deprived areas.”
simple- safeguard the people in your women with ages between 40 and 69. “Our results, from precise, individual‐
hands, protect them from HIV.” Some of these participants opted to based data covering 6 decades, should
Outside the air-conditioned confer- receive breast cancer screening over a provide women and their physicians
ence rooms of the luxurious Imperial 39-year period, in 1977–2015, in Dalarna, with reassurance that participating in
Golf View Hotel, as those for and Sweden. regular, high‐quality mammography
against argue and face off in courts To improve the assessment of how screening is the best way to reduce the
of law, the media must now find new organised breast screening initiatives risk of a premature death from breast
ways to cover contentious cases of would impact health outcomes, the cancer,” the study authors conclude in
HIV positive persons like Namubiru experts who conducted the recent the published paper.
who may get caught under a dis- study used a new method that involved
puted HIV law. calculating the annual incidence of

34 Nov 16 - 22 2018
ART | BOOKS | SOCIETY | TRAVEL | CULTURE

Child scrap
S
By Dominic Muwanguzi change the destiny of these
young people.
craps of metal, In the text to exhibit the art-
plastics, rubber ist writes: “Society has shifted

collectors
and more are ev- to a “Use and throw” culture.
erywhere in Kam- Chances are if the right infor-
pala; especially in mation is disseminated, and
low income areas the public sensitised further,

inspire artist
where dumping many people solid waste can be turned into
cram into small spaces, leaving income via recycling, subse-
no room for proper garbage quently there will be a reduc-
disposal. These are the treasure tion in the waste that ends up
troves of scrap dealers who in the drainage or at various
rummage through the heaps their backs or heads, some hag- emphasized than anything else; collection points or at the
waste in search of either valu- gling over pay with garbage including education. Children landfills.” Kigozi’s art creates
able items to sell to scrap mer- merchants and others braving have always interested Kigozi. awareness on the problem of
chants or collecting tonnes of the bitter weather. The irony in He previously painted them garbage dumping and vali-
wastes to be traded to recycling the paintings is difficult to miss; playing outdoors or performing dates the notion of how artists
factories. Many are youngsters these are children who have fast household chores. continue to fortify their rela-
or even children. Their work transformed into adults because This time he is piqued by tion with the public through
has become important to the of poverty. They are haggling the emerging trend of robbing dealing with everyday sub-
community since they are a with traders instead of going these young people of their jects in their work.
form of unconventional clean- to school. The slum dwellers innocence. Yet the artist veils
ers of the environment. around the city understand this his concern with his signature Kigozi’s exhibit is titled
The scrapers are the inspira- pain easily. stroke of bright hues as if to `Scrapers’ exhibit and is
tion for David Kigozi’s recent Kigozi’s work is social com- suggest that after all, it is not showing now at Umoja Art
solo exhibit at Umoja Art Gal- mentary on the social ills of bad to let the children work Gallery in Kamwokya in
lery. He paints groaning under post-modern society where or as a symbol of optimism: Kampala, opposite Kobil Petrol
the weight of sacks of scrap on everyday survival is more with a collective effort, we can Station

Nov 16 - 22 2018 35
Why Meghan won’t wear dresses by friend Beckham
Meghan Markle and which there are many—it designs, one she had
Victoria Beckham have might be surprising that well before she became
become quick friends Markle has yet to wear an a royal. Apparently
since the actress left ensemble by her designer Beckham’s styles suit
America behind for a pal. Apparently, though, women with a long
royal life with Prince there is a reason for that. upper body and short
Harry in England. The Duchess of Sussex legs. Instead, Megan has
For close observers of revealed that she has one very long legs and short
Markle’s wardrobe—of issue with Beckham’s upper body.

Man sues to change his age from 69 to 49 Samsung, Google’s
A 69-year-old Dutch man I’m on Tinder and it says I’m new phone unfolds
who claims to feel much young-
er than his actual age has gone
69, I don’t get an answer.” He
sued after his local authority
into 7.3-inch tablet
to court to make himself legally refused to legally change his Samsung has finally taken
20 years younger. Emile Ratel- birth date from 11 March 1949 the wraps off its futuristic
band, a media personality and to 11 March 1969. His case folding phone. The prototype
self-described “positivity guru”, has caused controversy and version boasts an Infinity Flex
recently told a court in Arnhem, even judges conceded that a Display, which enables it to
Holland, that he did not feel few years ago, legal gender transform into a phone or a
Man distrusts real comfortable with his true age
and compared his desire to have
changes were considered
impossible, while these days
tablet when it’s opened and
closed. Samsung says the 7.3-
women, marries it legally changed. they are common in many inch ‘Infinity Flex Display’ can
“When I’m 69, I am limited. developed countries. But it be folded ‘hundreds of thou-
virtual wife If I’m 49, then I can buy a new raises some questions, like sands of times’ thanks to the
house, drive a different car, I what happens to the 20 years display’s thinness and flexibil-
A 35-year-old Japanese man can take up more work. When that would be erased. ity. The screen has a protec-
who shunned romantic relation- tive layer, giving it the same
ships with real women after finish as a photo, that’s both
being humiliated and bullied by flexible and tough. There’s a
them recently married a popular small screen on the outside of
virtual pop-star named Hatsune the phone and another, larger
Miku; an animated 16-year-old display that reveals itself once
hologram with huge anime eyes the device is unfolded.
and aquamarine pigtails. He
said he simply wasn’t interested
in real women.
The November 4 wedding cer-
emony in Tokyo was attended
by around 40 guests, including a
member of the Japanese Parlia-
ment. His mother and relatives
refused to attend. Even in a
country obsessed with anime
and technology, and where
romantic relationships and mar-
riage have become worryingly
Spanish club install TV-urinals
rare, Akihiko Kondo’s wedding Real Madrid, one of the world’s mainly on advertising. It’s much
was seen by most as shock- most popular football clubs is more profitable. The TV urinals
ing. But he urged everyone to currently testing TV urinals in the were created by a Swiss company
keep an open mind, “consider men’s bathrooms of their stadium, named Swiss Invent which found
all kinds of love and all kinds Sandiago Bernabeu, and it’s not the that while peeing, men spend an
of happiness”. He wants to be only one. One would think that the average of 30 seconds staring down
recognised as a sexual minor- management of the Spanish club is and not focusing on anything else.
ity who simply cannot even trying to make it easy for fans to follow This seemingly small window of
imagine dating real women. He the action on the field even when time is apparently very valuable if
said his virtual wife has several going to the bathroom, but according you can slot in three commercials
advantages over human females; to several news reports, the footage and these screens do just that.
she doesn’t cheat, age or die. played on these screens will focus

36 Nov 16 - 22 2018
By Agencies
Turbo driving tips which will reduce its lifespan.

P
Turbochargers are rigorously
revention is always stress tested to ensure that they
better than the cure
and looking after your Get more from your car can stand up to lots of driving
at high speeds, but that doesn’t
vehicle and keeping it mean they are invincible. So
well maintained is the best way
to avoid costly repairs. With
and protect your engine when cruising, try to go light
on the accelerator, using the
more components and a more minimum amount of force
complex design, turbocharged the oil seals. As the engine and circulate the oil before required to maintain your
engines are a little different- temperature increases, so does switching the ignition off. desired speed. In addition to
which means they benefit oil temperature. This thins the protecting your engine, this will
from a bit of special treatment oil, enabling it to run more Oil! also help you to improve your
when it comes to driving and freely and lubricate the moving Proper oil management is the fuel efficiency.
everyday care. We offer five parts of your engine. So wait at single most important aspect
driving and maintenance tips to least 10 minutes before putting of turbocharger care, and will Use your gears
keep your turbocharged car in your accelerator pedal down. extend the lifespan of your If you’ve got a manual car, it
tip-top condition. engine. Oil helps to lubricate can be tempting to rely on the
Cool down the moving parts of your power of the turbo for tasks
Warm up your engine Just as you need to warm turbo, and your engine needs like overtaking and driving up
Oil needs to warm up before up your engine, you need to a constant supply of the right long hills, rather than using the
it can effectively lubricate let it cool down. Extended kind of high quality oil to work gears of your vehicle as you
your engine, which means journeys and high speed effectively. Make sure you would in a non-turbocharged
it’s a good idea to take it easy driving creates a lot of heat in choose the right quality oil for vehicle. Don’t. Driving in this
on the accelerator pedal until your turbocharger, and if you your engine. way puts unnecessary strain on
your car has warmed up. This turn off the engine whilst it’s your turbocharger, and giving
is because when you first start still hot, you can cook the oil Cruise carefully it a break and dropping down a
your car, the cold oil is at its inside, leading to unnecessary It might sound simple, but gear when passing or climbing
thickest, which means the oil buildup of carbonised oil inside the faster you accelerate and hills will help to prolong the life
pressure needs to be higher your turbo. To avoid this, leave drive, the harder you push of your turbo.
to pump it round the engine. your engine running for a your turbo and the more stress
This puts extra pressure on couple of minutes to cool down you subject your engine to –

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Nov 16 - 22 2018 37
Profile
George Stanley Nsamba:
the short film hero
By Agnes E Nantaba Bubble Gum Film Festival in France. So off by the death of his close friend in the

G
Nsamba’s main inspiration was to do more July 2010 attacks. His long stay in the ghetto
eorge Stanley Nsamba also known than that the documentary. explains why his works are closely associ-
as NES is a Ugandan Film Maker He says, “That explains why my films are ated with slum life.
and Cinematographer. He uses bent more towards documentaries”. Nsamba is currently working on his first
films made on a small budget The inspiration pushed him to quit school feature which he says is an FGM story.
for social change. Nsamba rose through at Makerere University in his first year pur- He went to Naguru Infant School,
the ranks with his first short film ‘Crafts; suing a bachelor’s degree in industrial and Naguru Katale Primary School, and several
the value of life’ in 2015 and later ‘Silent Fine Arts to start the Gheto Film Project. secondary schools.
depression’ in 2016. Silent depression is a Previously a drug addict who survived
12 minutes story told with musical rhymes depression on two counts, Nsamba chose to
and footage of everyday life of Kampala’s use film to help young people discover their
street dwellers. The film also tells a story of purpose in life.
how young people have gotten so attached His films have garnered 68 nominations
to social media and the internet which and film selections from film projects all
cuts them off from physical interactions. over the world in a period of four years.
Nsamba portrays several facets of failed These have come with four interna-
dreams including a rapper who struggles tional awards.
writing her verse but has no hit, the lawyer Recently, Nsamba took on to using
who just lost two court cases wondering if it film and documentaries to inspire
is the right career, and the model dreaming youths to get back into agriculture.
about runways at Paris Fashion week but is Nsamba was born Mulago Hospital
turned down at several auditions. where both his parents worked and
`Silent depression’ has since become a resided. About six years after birth, his
cult reference for the effect of smart phones parents separated leaving him and two
on humanity. The film was regarded the other siblings in the hands of a single
most prolific film that screened at the 5th mother, Vicky Aryenyo.
annual Slum Film Festival in Nairobi by the He is the middle child of the three.
press and digital media. With his mother, they moved to
“It was used as a case study in the Naguru not only to stay in a huge
national museum of Scotland on October slum area but an unfinished building
10, 2017,” Nsamba says. that flooded during heavy rain. Life
“It has gotten 28 nominations and was became harder when their mother
picked by Reuters as film of the year so it was diagnosed with HIV, and live on the
remains my biggest project because of its verge of death. This left the toddlers at the
impact and being an eye opener for the mercy of neighbors and onlookers. As the
youths”. His other films include ‘The Dum- situation worsened, Nsamba resorted to
my team’ a story about HIV testing and carrying trash in exchange for old newspa-
parents letting kids live their dreams, while pers that he sold to put together money for
‘Time irreversible’ is about HIV protection the family food. He also took to robbery
cautioning people to be extra vigilant since and use of drugs as a young teenager.
HIV cannot be seen on one’s face. Nsamba He battled drug addiction for
is also the founder of Ghetto Film Project a years until the journey to
charity organisation that uses film to reha- end it was sparked
bilitate, empower, mentor and tell stories
from the slums of Kampala. He is a motiva-
tional speaker, children rights activist, and
spoken-word artiste.
“I do poetry for people who don’t want
to stick to the norms of word play,” says
Nsamba. “It’s more of free expression for
ideas and beliefs through art and it relates
to how I was raised”.
Nsamba’s draws his inspiration for film
from a documentary that was shot about
his mother in 2008. The documentary titled
‘Greater’ portrays a woman who fights
through all odds with HIV/AIDS and man-
ages to get back on her feet. Shot by Italian
film makers, the documentary won at the

38 Nov 16 - 22 2018
Q&A

George Stanley Nsamba’s Liteside
Any three things that we What is your greatest Which living person do you What do you regard as the

I
don’t know about you? extravagance? most despise? lowest depth of misery?
love people regardless Art pieces; whenever I Anyone that neglects their I recall the nights when
of who they are. With move and fall in love with art parental roles. our mother lost hope and
love comes patience and pieces, I’ve got to buy. gave us up for death; it was
understanding. I am also What is the quality you most a very low moment for us. I
a hardworking man because What is the greatest thing like in a woman? wouldn’t wish any child to
I believe that nothing in this you have ever done? Love and patience; it takes reach such a point .
world can be attained for My film career had so patience to raise a child and
free. many rejections but my tolerate a man. What is your favorite
mother believed in me. Many occupation?
What is your idea of perfect people kept pointing to other What is the quality you most Cinematography; I like to
happiness? alternatives but I kept going like in a man? be behind the camera.
Happiness is when the and odds didn’t deter me. Love and with it, comes
person next door is happy. I still fought through until patience and understanding. What do you most value in
It’s selfish to be happy when 2015, when I had my first your friends?
the other person is hurting; break through of ‘Crafts; the What or who is the greatest Honesty, loyalty and
happiness is communal and value of life’. love of your life? having their back.
not a single person’s job. I don’t love my mother
What is your current state of by default but because she Who are your favorite
What is your greatest fear? mind? is my world and one person writers?
My greatest fear is working I am happy. who believed in me when I would be torn between
every single day to make everyone lost hope in me. Simon Oliver Sinek and Jim
people happy only to realise What do you consider the Rohn; their writings teach
one day that I am not really most overrated virtue? When and where were you a lot about re-inventing
happy. The parliament is way happiest? ourselves in life and thinking
too big for a small country The day I walked through differently at the different
What is the trait you most and spends too much time a crowd of people only to ages.
deplore in yourself? discussing things that don’t face my mother smiling at me
I am too patient and translate into anything after a long illness in 1999. Who is your hero of fiction?
sometimes it’s really bad tangible. We spend too When my first award for ‘The Denzel Washington and
because some people will many resources facilitating dummy team’ won at the Morgan Freeman; I like how
take you for granted. it and yet it’s covered with Silicon Valley short African they re-invent themselves in
selfishness. If resources were film festival as best narrative every new role.
What is the trait you most allocated the right way and short film.
deplore in others? fruitful ideas discussed, this Which historical figure do
Dishonesty; I prefer country would be in a better Which talent would you you most identify with?
someone hurting me with the place. most like to have? Tupac Shakur has had
truth than a lie. I want to re-awaken my more influence on me than
What does being powerful boxing talent though not as a anyone else; I have followed
Which living person do you mean to you? career. his poetry and live by one of
most admire? Looking beyond another his quotes ‘I am not saying I
My mother Vicky person’s faults and living not If you could change one am going to change the world
Aryenyo; She is a in the moment but in time. thing about yourself, what but I guarantee you that I
fighter and so would it be? will spark the brains that will
selfless. On what occasion do you Nothing that I have change the world’. I am glad
lie? thought about. to be one of those brains.
I am the biggest liar that
you will ever meet because Where would you most like What is your greatest regret?
every single film starts off to live? I believe that everything
with a lie that translates into I wouldn’t live anywhere happens for a reason.
a story. else on this planet; Uganda
has very loving people, good How would you like to die?
What do you most dislike weather and food. At home with my family
about your appearance? and friends around.
I am totally okay with the What is your most treasured
way I look. possession? What is your motto?
I treasure family and Live the life you can so that
friends. you don’t regret tomorrow.

Nov 16 - 22 2018 39
Global comment
By Akinwumi A. Adesina
Africa’s bright investment future
The recent Africa Investment Forum provided
a safe, stable marketplace to accelerate deals

F
or any investor interested more predictable business climate. economic trends are also strong.
in Africa, there was only These efforts are already paying off. For starters, real GDP growth is
one place to be last week: For example, interest in $50 billion forecast to be 3.5% this year and 4%
Johannesburg. When the worth of investment-ready projects in 2019. Today, Africa includes five
three-day Africa Investment Forum that the AfDB made available for pre- of the world’s ten fastest-growing
opened on November 7, a total of Forum screening has been higher than economies.
61 deals with an estimated value of anticipated. Africa has also become the world’s
more than $40 billion were featured in We are delighted that several second-most attractive investment
“Boardroom Sessions,” while another multilateral financial institutions – destination. According to the United
$28 billion was showcased to investors including the International Finance Nations Conference on Trade and
at the “Gallery Walk” marketplace. Corporation, the World Bank, the Development, inward foreign direct
The deals were curated from a total Asian Infrastructure Investment investment (FDI) is expected to
of 230 projects worth over $208 billion, Bank, the Islamic Development Bank, increase by about 20% this year, to $50
spanning sectors such as energy, the European Investment Bank, the billion, from $42 billion in 2017.
infrastructure, transport and utilities, European Bank for Reconstruction and Finally, Africa’s pension funds,
industry, agriculture, information and Development, and the Inter-American insurance funds, and sovereign wealth
communications technology, telecoms, Development Bank – are cooperating funds are collectively valued at more
water and sanitation, financial with the AfDB on this effort. Many than $1 trillion dollars. If Africa could
services, health, education, hospitality major financial institutions within leverage this wealth to attract just 1%
and tourism, housing, and aviation. Africa – including the Afrexim Bank, of all global assets under management,
Risk, or at least the perception of it, the Africa Finance Corporation, estimated to total more than $131
has long been a major impediment to the Trade and Development Bank, trillion, the continent’s need for $130-
attracting foreign direct investment in Africa50, and the Development Bank 170 billion in annual infrastructure
Africa. But the African Development of Southern Africa – are also involved. investment could be met. As matters
Bank (AfDB) is tackling this problem For the first time, these major global currently stand, Africa faces an annual
head-on by removing barriers that and regional financial institutions are financing gap of $68-108 billion.
have stemmed the flow of investment cooperating to help de-risk investment Africa has a huge population to
finance into the continent. The projects at scale. drive consumer demand, a rising
transaction-based Africa Investment Of course, pledges of partnership middle class, a dynamic youth
Forum is the most important step in are not the only reason for optimism; population, and rapidly reforming
this process. governments that are keen to attract
By bringing together multilateral these investments. The Africa
financial institutions, pension funds, Investment Forum provided what

For starters,
sovereign wealth funds, and private has been missing so far: a safe, stable
investors, the AfDB aims to create a marketplace to accelerate deals.

real GDP
mechanism to reduce market, political, As anyone who travelled to
and financial risks, and in the process Johannesburg this week saw, Africa

growth is
improve the ease of doing business. is doing its part to transform the
As part of this effort, the investment investment landscape. The Africa

forecast to be
forum prioritised public-private Investment Forum’s goal is simple:
partnerships and private-sector deals. provide a smooth runway for

3.5%
The message aim to be delivered is investments in Africa. What we need
simple: Africa is open for business. now are investors who are ready to
African economies offer tremendous seize the tremendous opportunities in
opportunities, especially in energy; Africa – and at the continent’s premier
infrastructure such as roads, railways, this year and investment marketplace.

4%
and ports; and agriculture, minerals,
oil, and gas. But Africa must turn this
potential into streams of wealth for Akinwumi A. Adesina is President of the
greater prosperity on the continent. African Development Bank.
Achieving that requires supportive
government policies. In every
in 2019 Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2018.
country, the AfDB is engaging with
policymakers to improve the legal and
regulatory environment and create a

40 Nov 16 - 22 2018
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