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The Reported speech

KULLANIMI
• Reported speech söylenileni iletirken kullanılır.

Örnekler( düz cümle aktarımı)
Ayşe “I like making cake”

Ayşe says that she likes making cake”
Ayşe “We will be there on time”

Ayşe says that they will be there on time”
Örnekler( onay cümlesi aktarımı)
• Ayşe “Do you like cake?”

• Ayşe asks if I like cake.”
• Ayşe “Will we be there on time?”

• Ayşe asks if they will be there on time”
Örnekler( Wh soru cümlesi aktarımı)
• Ayşe “How are you?”

• Ayşe asks how I am”
• Ayşe “What time will we be there?”

• Ayşe asks what time they will be there.
+ Emir Cümlesi aktarımı
Gloria “help me please”

Gloria tells me to help her.
Gloria wants me to help her.
Gloria requests me to help her.
- Emir Cümlesi aktarımı
• John “ Don’t be late, please”
• John tells me not to BE LATE.
• John advises me not to BE LATE.
• John requests me not to BE LATE.
Reported speach 2
Eğer ana cümle S. past tens ise yan aktarılan cümle pastlaştırılır (geçmiş zamn. Şeklinde çevrilir).
Örnekler-1
Sara “ I work hard”

Sara said that she worked hard
Sara “ Are you working ?”
Sara asked me if I was working
Örnekler-2
• Sara “where do you work?”

• Sara asked me where I worked.
Örnekler 3
Modal Cümlelerde Aktarım

Andy “ I can swim “
Andy said that he could swim.

Ted “ I must help June”
Ted said that he had to help June.
MODAL LARDA PASTLAŞTIRMA
CAN COULD
MUST HAD TO
HAVE TO HAD TO
WILL WOULD

ZAMAN VE YER ZARFLARI
NOW THEN
TODAY THAT DAY
YESTERDAY THE DAY BEFORE

THE DAY BEFORE YESTERDAY TWO DAYS BEFORE
THE WEEK / MONTH / YEAR
LAST WEEK / MONTH / YEAR
BEFORE
A YEAR / MONTH / WEEK
A YEAR / MONTH / WEEK AGO
BEFORE
TOMORROW THE NEXT/FOLLOWING DAY
THE FOLLOWING
NEXT WEEK/MONTH
WEEK/MONTH
HERE THERE
THIS THAT
THESE THOSE
 ‘I will go to Ankara tomorrow’
 He said that he would go to Ankara the next day.
 ‘I will be flying to New York’