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ENT 243 Thermodynamics II

Assignment 1
Instructions / to do list

1. Answer all questions given in this assignment sheet.

2. Show all works/procedural analysis. You will lose marks for incomplete submission.
3. Read and signed the cover sheet, acknowledging that you have read understand the
repercussion of plagiarism. Submission without a signed cover sheet will not be
4. For every problem, please write down the solutions/steps/answers on a new sheet of
paper. Do not combine solutions from two or more questions into the same
5. This assignment needs to be submitted in two copies:
a. Hard copy to my office
b. Soft copy (electronically) through the e-learning webpage
i. Please scan your submission
ii. Snapshot from your phone is not acceptable
6. Submission due date: 26 October 2018 at 5pm

Assignment Cover Sheet

for submission of individual / group work

All work must be submitted by the due date. If an extension of time to submit work is required, kindly speaks to your
course coordinator.

Has an extension been approved? Yes No If yes, please give the new submission date ….…/..…./…….

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• I have taken proper care of safeguarding this work and made all reasonable effort to ensure it could not be copied.
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i. provide to another member of faculty; and/or
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database for the purpose of future plagiarism checking.
• I certify that I have not plagiarised the work of others or participated in unauthorised collaboration when preparing
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Assignment Assignment
Course/Unit code Group/Session name (if applicable)
number due date
ENT 243

Course/Unit name Programme Title

Thermodynamics II Mechanical Engineering

Course Coordinator

Dr. Anas Abdul Rahman

ENT 243 Thermodynamics II Assignment 1
Semester 1 2018/2019

Question 1
Explain why the Carnot cycle is not a realistic model for steam power plant.
a. From the ideal cycle analysis, heat is assumed to be transferred through a finite temperature
difference. Explain how this assumption affects the reversibility of the system, both internally.
b. Otto engines are designed to operate between compression ratio of 8-11. What are the
implications of using a higher compression ratio on a spark-ignition engine?
c. Discuss three factors that influence the efficiency of a thermal plant.

Question 2
Choose ONE application that uses the vapor power cycle and elaborate in details the working principles
of its operation (e.g. operating temperatures and pressures, cooling mechanism, thermodynamics
properties, efficiency, etc).
i. Include figures/sketches/plots etc to help illustrate your answer.
ii. Your answer for this question should not be more than 2 pages long (1 sheet of paper)

Question 3
An Otto cycle having a compression ratio of 9:1 uses air as the working fluid. Initially P1 = 95 kPa,
T1 = 17oC, and V1 = 3.8 liters. During the heat addition process, 7.5 kJ of heat are added. Determine:
a) The temperature and pressure at all stages
b) The back-work ratio
c) The mean effective pressure.

Question 4
You are given a task to build a simple steam power plant operating on the ideal Rankine cycle. To
reduce the fuel consumption and maximize profit, you are to design the most efficient power plant
design. However, the turbine that your company is procuring cannot withstand moisture content
higher than 19%. After discussions with a contractor, he gives the specifications of the plant that he is
able to build, as shown in Table 1. As an engineer, select the best specification for the power plant.
Give your justifications and calculations.

Table 1 Specifications of the steam power plant

Design A Design A=B Design C
Steam at turbine
350 oC 600 oC 600 oC
Turbine pressure 3 MPa 3 MPa 15 MPa
Pressure at condenser 10 kPa 10 kPa 10 kPa
ENT 243 Thermodynamics II Assignment 1
Semester 1 2018/2019

Question 5
Air enters the compressor of a regenerative gas-turbine engine at 100 kPa and 300 K and is compressed
to 800 kPa. The regenerator has an effectiveness of 65 percent, and the air enters the turbine at
1200 K. For a compressor efficiency of 75 percent and a turbine efficiency of 86 percent, determine
a) The heat transfer in the regenerator
b) The back-work ratio
c) The cycle thermal efficiency

Question 6
A steam power plant operates on an ideal reheat-regenerative Rankine cycle and has a net power
output of 120 MW. Steam enters the high-pressure turbine at 10MPa and 550oC and leaves at 0.8 MPa.
Some steam is extracted at this pressure to heat the feedwater in an open feedwater heater. The rest
of the steam if reheated to 500oC and is expanded in the low-pressure turbine to the condenser
pressure of 10 kPa.
a) Show the cycle on a T-s diagram with respect to the saturation lines
b) Determine the mass flow rate of steam through the boiler
c) Find the thermal efficiency of the cycle