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Hotel and Catering

Unit
Project report

By

Brahmam & co

Brahmananda Reddy. CA
CONTENTS OF HOTEL AND CATERING
PROJECT REPORT

 Introduction of HOTEL AND CATERING

 Properties of Ball Pen

 Raw material of Ball Pen

 Process of manufacture of Ball Pen

 Suppliers of machinery of Ball Pen

 Suppliers of raw materials of Ball Pen

 Plant and machinery Cost of Ball Pen

 Working capital investment of Ball Pen


 INTRODUCTION OF BALL PEN

It’s been a long time when the only fountain pens are used for writing
purposes, but due to the complexity and high price, it’s demand
decreases day by day.

Nowadays, the demand for use and throw ball pens is growing for its
lowest price and high use value. Meanwhile, there is a huge market scope
for the local retail markets. As the name indicates, users use the pen and
dispose of after its full use.

Use and throw ball pen making Business will make you earn good
amount of profits based on sales and volume of production. The main
market of use and throw ball pens is schools, colleges, office, institutions,
stationery retailers, bulk wholesalers. Have a proper sales channel and a
strong network will boost up the performance of your ball pen making
business.

Ball pens are manufactured generally from plastic in different varieties


to cope with demand of different classes of people. Majority of people in
India like medium variety Ball pen. Plastics are accepted by engineers as
important new materials supplementing metals, wood, ceramics, glass
and rubber as well as competing with them for some industrial
applications some of the plastics are more transparent then glass and
weight less than half its weight. For easy of fabrication and adoptability
to mass production methods the range of plastics offer the greatest scope
to manufactures catering for varied ,markets, plastics are materials that
continue as an essential ingredients as organic substance of large
molecular weight solid in its finished state most of the plastics are
synthetic and only a few occur naturally. Molecules of plastics are
composed principally of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen.
 PROPERTIES OF BALL PEN
BARREL: Empty barrel where the ink is filled basically it is the main
Body of a pen

PLASTIC ADAPTER: This is the Nip that connects the barrel and metal
Tip from its both ends

PLASTIC CAP: This is the cap that covers the pen from the Tip, for a
good finished and other safety reasons.

METAL TIP: This is the end point of a disposable ball pen

INK: This is the main thing that you need to focus on production line.

 RAW METIRIAL OF BALL PEN


Plastic chips

Ink

Tips
 PROCESS OF MANUFACTURE OF BALL PEN
You can start a Use and throw Ball Pen Making Business Project with the
following machines:

PUNCHING MACHINE: This machine is used to punch the plastic


adapter in the barrel from one of its end.

INK FILLING MACHINE: This is the second procedure, where the ink is
filled into the barrel with the help of this machine.

DRILLED NOZZLE PLATE: This is not a machine but a simple bar of


many small holes in it to hold the Metal Nip in its place. After the ink is
filled inside, the Metal nip into that bar is hand press with that ink-filled
barrel.

CENTRIFUGING MACHINE: This machine is used to push out the air


inside the barrel and the nip by circulating a big disk. This helps to
smoothly flow the ink while writing.

STAMPING MACHINE: This machine is just used for branding


purposes.

 SUPPLIERS OF MACHINERY OF BALL PEN


SUGUNA ENTERPRISES (suppliers of pen manufacturing machineries)

SUPPLIERS OF RAW MATERIALS OF BALL PEN


SUGUNA ENTERPRISES (suppliers of pen raw materials)
 PLANT AND MACHINERY COST OF BALL PEN
MECHINARY UNIT GST % COST
NAME
BARREL MACHINE 1 GST -12%-96,000 8,00,000
Injection machine 1 GST-12%36,000 3,00,000
hydraulic mode
Drilled nozzle plate 1 GST-12%21,600 1,80,000
machine
Automatic ink filling 1 GST-12%31,200 2,60,000
machine

RAW MATIRIALS (PLASTIC CHIPS, INK, TIPS)

PLASTIC CHIPS- 70,000/- per TON


INK- 45,000/- per 100lts
TIP- 2,800/- 100 grosses

 Working capital investment of Ball Pen