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METHODOLOGY

STUDY AREA

Outdoor Development Centre (ODEC) is among the landmark that Universiti Malaysia Sabah

have. It is a place for an outdoor activity to be held such as picnic, beach sport or retreat

programme.

The beach is divided into three zone A, B, C and the maximum capacity is 300. Available for

reservation please contact us for any enquiry.

ODEC

Maps of ODEC

Before the gotong-royong program started, third year students of environmental science have

been divided into 10 groups which have been assigned their respective responsibilities. This

program involves UMS staff, lecturers, environmental science students and all first-year

students.
TRANSPORTATION

Four buses were provided for transport to ODEC UMS. A group was given the task to manage

the movement of first-year students to the area. This group instructed the first-year students to

take the bus to the destination and ensure all the return home after the program runs out.

GOTONG-ROYONG

Materials

 plastic waste and plastic gloves

ODEC coastal zone are divided into six parts areas. Seven groups were tasked in managing

waste activities along the coastal zone. First year students were divided into seven groups.

Each group was equipped with plastic waste bags and plastic gloves. The groups were

assigned to clean up their respective area given. Once rubbish are full in the plastic bag, the

plastic bag were channelled to the data recording station .

LOAD ASSESSMENT

Material

 spring balances

The two groups will take note of rubbish bags that are full and record all the weight of the

garbage bags. The amount of all the weight of the garbage bag will be shown in the results
Discussion

Benefits on the our approaches

The approach proposed on this study allows a massive reduction on land based pollution load

around ODEC coastal zone. According to the results, the overall load accumulated during the

mutual-cooperation cleanup was 1038.6kg that was the accumulation from just a small part of

ODEC coastal zone. These loads mostly consists of the non-biodegradable pollutants such as

plastic, glass, synthetic rubbers and others. These decks of loads were the result of many years

deposition in the soil that increases the difficulty of cleaning up. With major network of work

force, through mutual-cooperation, pollutants load in the soil was easily reduce to a lower level

and build up a satisfaction within the community. The ODEC coastal zone was also in a clean

state and it would have built up a great perception on ODEC management to preserve the clean

environment that are the habits of marine life and supports micro habits for microorganism and

tiny animals. The management also realize the reason for gradual reduction of number of tourist

to ODEC throughout years.

Sources for land based pollution load to occur at ODEC coastal zone

The main source for land-based pollution load to accumulate would be discharge of domestic

waste around the ODEC coastal zone. Most of the ODEC visitors being the reason for this

scenario to occur. They tend to discharge left over materials of theirs around the coastal zone

itself. For example, food scraps, glass wears, plastic bottles and even worn tires been

discharged around the bushes at coastal zone. Other than that, the used fishery material are

also discharged there like synthetic net, plastic aquaculture mediums and so one. Those wastes

mostly comprises of non-biodegradable waste and eventually these wastes are deposited on

the coastal land surface blocking the pores within soil.


Effects of these land based pollution load to the environment

Land based pollution loads on the ODEC coastal zone brings much effect to the surrounding

environment. The loads could bring treats to marine life. For example, the marine life such as

sea turtles usually feeds on jellyfish and small fishes as its food sources. Discharged plastic

bags on the coastal land would be consumed as food source by sea turtles, crabs and other

marine life around that causes slow death due to inability of digestion. In aspect of soil, these

land based pollution load would causes deterioration to essential soil properties. When this land

based pollution load deposit on the surface of coastal zone, it blocks the pores of soil that

causes many roles of soil to not perform. For example, soil infiltration capacity would reduce

and water could not be filter and stored. Soil loses it role to support and supply water. Other

than that, the gaseous exchange between atmosphere and soil could not be carried. Due to

that, oxygen content within soil will reduce and cause difficult for microorganisms and tiny

animals to live within soil resulting in massive death.

Further recommendation to control these land based pollution load

It is hard to clean up mass pollution directly at one time so the best plan is to prevent before it

become worst. Several changes can be take place to keep the ODEC coastal zone in

supervision and encourage sustainable practices around UMS. Prevention is an essential part

of stopping coastal pollution, but will require radical changes in all levels of society in UMS. It

starts from University administration, the community and individual. Stricter university

regulations on UMS should be set up by the university in preserving the coastal zone

cleanliness. UMS should follow the law enactment set by the Environmental Protection Agency

(EPA) that are to help protect the beaches, reduce pollution from ships, reduce marine debris
and prohibit ocean dumping. Organize a beach clean-up is the most direct and rewarding ways

to fight the pollution. Hence, each month there should be a campaign set up by UMS to clean

the ODEC coastal zone. This helps in removal of plastics and debris along the coastline by

going to the beach or coast and collecting the rubbish or debris with the local community or join

the international organization cleanup like the International Coastal Cleanup (Hutchinson, 2014).