You are on page 1of 299

COMBINED FOOTING C18 & C19

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C18 & C19 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Design Of Combined Foundation FOR COLUMN C18 & C19

Z
0.5
6.2

X
0.75 4.7

1.6 3 1.6

0.3

1.2
2

0.8

Constants :-
Unit Wt Of Soil = 1.8 T/m3
Density Of Water = 1 T/m3
Unit Weight Of Concrete = 2.5 T/m3
Comp. strength of concrete fc = 30 N/mm2
Yield strength of steel fy = 415 N/mm2
Coefficient Of Friction m = 0.5
Net SBC = 10.4 T/m2
Gross SBC = 14 T/m2 ------ Where increase in SBC is not allowed.
Gross SBC = 16.6 T/m2 ------ Where increase in SBC is allowed.(Wind / EQ 25% increase)

Shape Of Foundation :-
Length Of Foundation Lf = 6.2 m
Width Of Foundation Wf = 4.7 m
Thickness Of Foundation Tf = 0.8 m
Founding Depth Df = 2 m
Length Of Pedestal Lp = 0.5 m
Width Of Pedestal Wp = 0.75 m
Height Of Pedestal Hp = 0 m (Support Reaction Considered at Base of footing)

Section Modulus Zxx = 1 / 6 x 6.2 x 4.7 x 4.7


= 22.83 m3
Section Modulus Zzz = 1 / 6 x 4.7 x 6.2 x 6.2
= 30.11 m3

Calculation Of Soil, Fdn & Pedestal Weights :-


Selfweight Of Foundation = 6.2 x 4.7 x 0.8 x 2.5
= 58.28 T
Selfweight Of Soil = 1.8 x 1.2 x ( 6.2 x 4.7 - 0.75 x 0.5 x 2 )
= 61.32 T
Selfweight Of Pedestal = 2.5 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0 x 2
= 0 T
Buoyant Weight = -1 x 6.2 x 4.7 x 2
= -58.28 T

Total weight without buoyancy = 58.28 + 61.32 + 0


= 119.6 T
Total weight with buoyancy = 58.28 + 61.32 + 0 + -58.28
= 61.32 T

Page 1 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C18 & C19

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C18 & C19 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG
Calculation Of Restoring Moment :-

Due to fdn. Weight = 58.28 x 6.2 / 2


= 180.67 Tm
Due to fdn. Soil = 61.32 x 6.2 / 2
= 190.09 Tm
Due to Pedestal = 0 x 0.8 + 0 x 5.4
= 0 Tm
Due to Buoyant weight = -58.28 x 3.1
= -180.67

Total moment without buoyancy = 180.67 + 190.09 + 0


= 370.76 Tm
Total moment with buoyancy = 180.67 + 190.09 + 0 -180.67
= 190.09 Tm

Support Reactions :- ( At foundation level) All Units in Ton - Meter


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
234 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.55 39.81 -2.82 -4.26 0.97 -0.78
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
-6.91 3.69 -2.29 -3.39 1.74 16.51
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -8.66 4.16 -2.9 -4.27 2.06 20.67
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -8.87 -11.58 -1.76 -2.56 1.72 20.97
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
7.78 60 -2.23 -3.42 -0.19 -17.75
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 9.7 74.55 -2.84 -4.31 -0.34 -22.15
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 9.49 58.8 -1.69 -2.59 -0.68 -21.85
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
0.45 39.05 -7.76 -21.81 2.94 -0.72
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.54 48.35 -9.74 -27.29 3.56 -0.86
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.33 32.61 -8.6 -25.57 3.22 -0.56
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
0.42 24.65 3.24 14.99 -1.39 -0.53
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)0.5 30.35 4.01 18.71 -1.84 -0.62
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.29 14.61 5.15 20.42 -2.18 -0.32

247 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.24 73.95 -3.5 -12.03 -0.01 -1.56


6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
-8.64 76.96 -2.95 -9.9 0.22 18.49
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
-10.81 93.93 -3.37 -11.32 0.3 23.13
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
-11.31 65.26 -2.1 -6.93 0.29 23.75
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
10.63 41.36 -2.65 -9.36 -0.23 -20.99
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
13.27 49.43 -2.99 -10.65 -0.27 -26.21
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
12.78 20.76 -1.72 -6.25 -0.27 -25.6
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
1.14 62.12 -8 -36.28 2.23 -1.49
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)1.41 75.37 -9.68 -44.3 2.81 -1.84
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ0.92 46.7 -8.41 -39.91 2.8 -1.22
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
0.85 56.21 2.41 17.03 -2.24 -1.01
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)1.05 67.98 3.32 22.34 -2.77 -1.24
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ0.56 39.31 4.59 26.73 -2.78 -0.63

Check For stability :-


a) Against Overturing :- (Check is done only for without buoyancy case)
Total O/T Moment Restoring Moment
Load MOM-Z MOM-X External Soil,Fdn, Total F.O.S. Result
Total
STAAD Due to Fy Load Pedestal
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 2.34 51.22 16.29 55.99 403.88 370.76 774.64 13.84 Safe
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
34.99 109.9 13.29 145.51 359.94 370.76 730.7 5.02 Safe
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) 43.8 134.65 15.59 179.13 438.72 370.76 809.48 4.52 Safe
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX 44.71 115.25 9.48 160.25 281.65 370.76 652.41 4.07 Safe
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
38.74 27.96 12.78 67.91 286.27 370.76 657.03 9.68 Safe
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)48.36 37.68 14.95 87.34 346.64 370.76 717.4 8.21 Safe
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX47.45 57.07 8.85 104.9 189.56 370.76 560.32 5.34 Safe
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
2.21 34.61 58.09 68.78 348.22 370.76 718.98 10.45 Safe
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 2.7 40.53 71.59 83.64 424.07 370.76 794.83 9.5 Safe
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 1.79 21.14 65.48 69.38 267 370.76 637.76 9.19 Safe
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
1.54 47.34 32.02 58.43 297.99 370.76 668.75 11.45 Safe
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.86 56.44 41.04 71.3 361.28 370.76 732.04 10.27 Safe
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.95 37.05 47.15 60.56 204.21 370.76 574.97 9.49 Safe

Page 2 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C18 & C19

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C18 & C19 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

b) Against Sliding :- (Check is done only for with buoyancy case)


Total Sliding Forces Restoring Forces
Load Fx Fz Resultant External Soil,Fdn, Total F.O.S. Result
Load Pedestal
5 1.5 (DL+LL)1.78 6.32 6.57 113.76 119.6 116.68 17.76 Safe
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
15.55 5.24 16.41 80.66 119.6 100.13 6.1 Safe
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
19.47 6.27 20.46 98.09 119.6 108.85 5.32 Safe
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
20.17 3.85 20.54 53.68 119.6 86.64 4.22 Safe
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
18.4 4.88 19.04 101.36 119.6 110.48 5.8 Safe
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
22.97 5.83 23.7 123.97 119.6 121.79 5.14 Safe
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
22.27 3.41 22.53 79.56 119.6 99.58 4.42 Safe
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
1.59 15.76 15.84 101.17 119.6 110.39 6.97 Safe
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
1.95 19.43 19.53 123.72 119.6 121.66 6.23 Safe
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
1.25 17.01 17.05 79.31 119.6 99.46 5.83 Safe
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
1.27 5.65 5.79 80.86 119.6 100.23 17.31 Safe
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
1.55 7.33 7.49 98.34 119.6 108.97 14.55 Safe
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
0.85 9.75 9.79 53.92 119.6 86.76 8.86 Safe

Check For bearing pressure :-


Case 1) Without Buoyancy :-
Total Load
Load MOM-X MOM-Z Soil,Fdn, Total P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz pmax pmin pall Result
Fy
Pedestral Load
5 1.5 (DL+LL)
16.29 53.56 113.76 119.6 233.36 8.01 0.71 1.78 10.5 5.52 14 Safe
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
13.29 144.89 80.66 119.6 200.26 6.87 0.58 4.81 12.27 1.48 16.6 Safe
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
15.59 178.45 98.09 119.6 217.69 7.47 0.68 5.93 14.08 0.86 16.6 Safe
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
9.48 159.96 53.68 119.6 173.28 5.95 0.42 5.31 11.68 0.22 16.6 Safe
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
12.78 66.7 101.36 119.6 220.96 7.58 0.56 2.22 10.36 4.81 16.6 Safe
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
14.95 86.04 123.97 119.6 243.57 8.36 0.66 2.86 11.87 4.85 16.6 Safe
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
8.85 104.52 79.56 119.6 199.16 6.83 0.39 3.47 10.69 2.97 16.6 Safe
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
58.09 36.82 101.17 119.6 220.77 7.58 2.55 1.22 11.35 3.81 16.6 Safe
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
71.59 43.23 123.72 119.6 243.32 8.35 3.14 1.44 12.92 3.78 16.6 Safe
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
65.48 22.93 79.31 119.6 198.91 6.83 2.87 0.76 10.46 3.2 16.6 Safe
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
32.02 48.88 80.86 119.6 200.46 6.88 1.4 1.62 9.91 3.85 16.6 Safe
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
41.04 58.3 98.34 119.6 217.94 7.48 1.8 1.94 11.22 3.75 16.6 Safe
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
47.15 38 53.92 119.6 173.52 5.95 2.07 1.26 9.28 2.62 16.6 Safe

Bearing Pressure for Without Buoyancy Case :- pmax = 14.08 T/sq.M pmin = 9.28 T/sq.M

Page 3 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C18 & C19

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C18 & C19 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Check for Pressure at All Four Corners without Buoyancy Case

1-2+3 1+2+3 X
X

1-2-3 1+2-3

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
1 2 3
5 1.5 (DL+LL)
8.01 0.71 1.78 10.5 9.08 5.52 6.95
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
6.87 0.58 4.81 12.27 11.1 1.48 2.64
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
7.47 0.68 5.93 14.08 12.71 0.86 2.23
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
5.95 0.42 5.31 11.68 10.85 0.22 1.05
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
7.58 0.56 2.22 10.36 9.24 4.81 5.93
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
8.36 0.66 2.86 11.87 10.56 4.85 6.16 pmax = 14.08
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
6.83 0.39 3.47 10.69 9.91 2.97 3.75 pmin = 0.22
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
7.58 2.55 1.22 11.35 6.26 3.81 8.9
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
8.35 3.14 1.44 12.92 6.65 3.78 10.05
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
6.83 2.87 0.76 10.46 4.72 3.2 8.94
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
6.88 1.4 1.62 9.91 7.1 3.85 6.66
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
7.48 1.8 1.94 11.22 7.62 3.75 7.34
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
5.95 2.07 1.26 9.28 5.15 2.62 6.75

Check for Eccentricity without Buoyancy Case:-

ez = ex < L/6 ez < B/6


Load P Mxx Mzz ex = Mzz/P L/6 B/6
Mxx/P
5 1.5 (DL+LL)
233.36 16.29 53.56 0.23 0.07 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
200.26 13.29 144.89 0.73 0.07 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
217.69 15.59 178.45 0.82 0.08 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
173.28 9.48 159.96 0.93 0.06 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
220.96 12.78 66.7 0.31 0.06 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
243.57 14.95 86.04 0.36 0.07 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
199.16 8.85 104.52 0.53 0.05 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
220.77 58.09 36.82 0.17 0.27 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
243.32 71.59 43.23 0.18 0.3 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
198.91 65.48 22.93 0.12 0.33 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
200.46 32.02 48.88 0.25 0.16 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
217.94 41.04 58.3 0.27 0.19 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
173.52 47.15 38 0.22 0.28 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6

Page 4 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C18 & C19

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C18 & C19 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

4.7

d/2

1.6 1.5

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3100 mm
Width = 4700 mm
Effective Depth = 725 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.22 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 93.93 T
Punching Shear = 93.925993883792 x ( 3.1 x 4.7 - 1.225 x 1.475 )
3.1 x 4.7

P= 83 Ton
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + bc -----should not be greater than 1

bc = Short Side Of Column


Long Side Of Column

500
=
750
= 0.67
ks = 1
tc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2
Length of critical section = 1225 mm
Width of critical section = 1475 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 5400 mm

1245000
Depth Required =
1.37 x5400
= 168.29 mm

Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 5400 x 725 / 10000


536 T

Page 5 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C18 & C19

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C18 & C19 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

B) One Way Shear 3.1

1.25

4.7 d

1.6 1.1 0.4


1.6 3

Critical Section = At distance d from face of column


Maximum Pressure = 9.92 T/m2 ---- For without Buoynacy Condition

At Length
Length at critical section = 4700 mm
Width at critical section = 1600 mm
Shear Force = 9.921 x 4.7 x 1.6
= 75 T
At Width
Length at critical section = 3100 mm
Width at critical section = 1250 mm
Shear Force = 9.921 x 3.1 x 1.25
= 39 T

Designed Shear Stress = 75 T


Corresponding Length = 4700 mm

% Ast = 0.22
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.35 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 21 of IS 456
k= 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
tc = 0.35 N/mm2
Depth Required = 1125000
0.346 x 4700
= 692 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of reinforcement at bottom
Maximum Pressure = 14.08 T/m2 --- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pre. due to pcc & fdn wt = ( 58.28 + 61.32 ) / ( 6.2 x 4.7 )
= 4.1 T/m2
Net causing moment = 9.98 T/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.98 m
Bending Moment = 9.981 x 1.975 x 1.975 / 2
= 19.47 Tm
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1- (4.6 x Mu )
1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1141.11 mm2


Min. percentage of re-bar = 0.12 %
Ast = 960 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 275 mm
Provide Spacing = 200 Hence % of Steel = 0.22
Area Provided = 1570 mm2
Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 200 mm spacing bothways

Page 6 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C18 & C19

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C18 & C19 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

b) Calculation of reinforcement at top


Area Load = 9.98 T/m2
Max. Projection of fdn = 3 m
Bending Moment = 9.981 x 3 x 3 / 10
= 8.98 Tm
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1- 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 520.01 mm2


Min. percentage of re-bar = 0.12 %
Ast = 960 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 209 mm
Provide Spacing = 200 mm Hence % of Steel = 0.14
Area Provided = 1004.8 mm2
Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 200 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 6200 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4700 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 800 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 200 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 200 mm spacing bothways

Page 7 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C18 & C19

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C18 & C19 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Page 8 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C1 & C2

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C1 & C2 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Design Of Combined Foundation FOR COLUMN C1 & C2

Z
0.5
6.2

X
0.75 4.7

1.6 3 1.6

0.3

1.2
2

0.8

Constants :-
Unit Wt Of Soil = 1.8 T/m3
Density Of Water = 1 T/m3
Unit Weight Of Concrete = 2.5 T/m3
Comp. strength of concrete fc = 30 N/mm2
Yield strength of steel fy = 415 N/mm2
Coefficient Of Friction m = 0.5
Net SBC = 10.4 T/m2
Gross SBC = 14 T/m2 ------ Where increase in SBC is not allowed.
Gross SBC = 16.6 T/m2 ------ Where increase in SBC is allowed.(Wind / EQ 25% increase)

Shape Of Foundation :-
Length Of Foundation Lf = 6.2 m
Width Of Foundation Wf = 4.7 m
Thickness Of Foundation Tf = 0.8 m
Founding Depth Df = 2 m
Length Of Pedestal Lp = 0.5 m
Width Of Pedestal Wp = 0.75 m
Height Of Pedestal Hp = 0 m (Support Reaction Considered at Base of footing)

Section Modulus Zxx = 1 / 6 x 6.2 x 4.7 x 4.7


= 22.83 m3
Section Modulus Zzz = 1 / 6 x 4.7 x 6.2 x 6.2
= 30.11 m3

Calculation Of Soil, Fdn & Pedestal Weights :-


Selfweight Of Foundation = 6.2 x 4.7 x 0.8 x 2.5
= 58.28 T
Selfweight Of Soil = 1.8 x 1.2 x ( 6.2 x 4.7 - 0.75 x 0.5 x 2 )
= 61.32 T
Selfweight Of Pedestal = 2.5 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0 x 2
= 0 T
Buoyant Weight = -1 x 6.2 x 4.7 x 2
= -58.28 T

Total weight without buoyancy = 58.28 + 61.32 + 0


= 119.6 T
Total weight with buoyancy = 58.28 + 61.32 + 0 + -58.28
= 61.32 T

Page 9 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C1 & C2

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C1 & C2 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG
Calculation Of Restoring Moment :-

Due to fdn. Weight = 58.28 x 6.2 / 2


= 180.67 Tm
Due to fdn. Soil = 61.32 x 6.2 / 2
= 190.09 Tm
Due to Pedestal = 0 x 0.8 + 0 x 5.4
= 0 Tm
Due to Buoyant weight = -58.28 x 3.1
= -180.67

Total moment without buoyancy = 180.67 + 190.09 + 0


= 370.76 Tm
Total moment with buoyancy = 180.67 + 190.09 + 0 -180.67
= 190.09 Tm

Support Reactions :- ( At foundation level) All Units in Ton - Meter


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
248 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.48 47.91 4.24 3.73 -0.81 -0.67
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
-7.03 10.19 3.4 2.93 -2.06 16.74
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -8.82 12.27 4.27 3.65 -2.48 20.96
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX-9 -6.71 2.57 2.16 -2.19 21.21
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
7.81 66.47 3.38 3.04 0.76 -17.81
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 9.73 82.62 4.25 3.78 1.04 -22.23
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 9.55 63.64 2.54 2.3 1.33 -21.97
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
0.35 30.9 -2.13 -15.45 1.44 -0.41
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.41 38.16 -2.64 -19.33 1.89 -0.47
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.23 19.18 -4.34 -20.81 2.18 -0.22
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
0.43 45.76 8.91 21.41 -2.73 -0.66
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)0.5 56.73 11.16 26.75 -3.33 -0.79
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.32 37.75 9.46 25.27 -3.04 -0.54

249 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.02 75.19 2.45 7.84 0.1 -1.27


6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
-8.9 78.08 2.35 7.12 -0.17 18.86
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
-11.14 95.34 2.67 7.93 -0.21 23.6
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
-11.54 66.17 1.8 5.18 -0.25 24.1
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
10.53 42.22 1.56 5.43 0.33 -20.9
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
13.15 50.51 1.69 5.82 0.42 -26.11
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
12.75 21.34 0.82 3.07 0.37 -25.61
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
0.76 57.77 -2.9 -20.23 2.31 -0.88
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)0.94 69.95 -3.89 -26.26 2.89 -1.08
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ0.54 40.78 -4.76 -29.01 2.85 -0.58
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
0.87 62.53 6.81 32.78 -2.15 -1.16
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)1.08 75.89 8.24 40.01 -2.68 -1.43
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ0.67 46.72 7.37 37.26 -2.73 -0.93

Check For stability :-


a) Against Overturing :- (Check is done only for without buoyancy case)
Total O/T Moment Restoring Moment
Load MOM-Z MOM-X External Soil,Fdn, Total F.O.S. Result
Total
STAAD Due to Fy Load Pedestal
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.95 40.92 11.57 44.4 422.52 370.76 793.28 17.87 Safe
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
35.6 101.84 10.05 137.81 375.48 370.76 746.24 5.41 Safe
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) 44.56 124.6 11.58 169.56 458.19 370.76 828.95 4.89 Safe
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX 45.31 109.31 7.34 154.8 293.65 370.76 664.41 4.29 Safe
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
38.71 36.37 8.46 75.56 300.55 370.76 671.31 8.88 Safe
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)48.33 48.17 9.6 96.98 364.53 370.76 735.29 7.58 Safe
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX47.58 63.46 5.36 111.17 199.98 370.76 570.74 5.13 Safe
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
1.29 40.31 35.68 54.81 315.2 370.76 685.96 12.52 Safe
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 1.56 47.69 45.58 67.11 382.84 370.76 753.6 11.23 Safe
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.8 32.4 49.82 59.87 218.3 370.76 589.06 9.84 Safe
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
1.82 25.16 54.19 60.54 360.83 370.76 731.59 12.08 Safe
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 2.22 28.74 66.76 73.59 439.88 370.76 810.64 11.02 Safe
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 1.46 13.46 62.52 64.28 275.34 370.76 646.1 10.05 Safe

Page 10 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C1 & C2

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C1 & C2 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

b) Against Sliding :- (Check is done only for with buoyancy case)


Total Sliding Forces Restoring Forces
Load Fx Fz Resultant External Soil,Fdn, Total F.O.S. Result
Load Pedestal
5 1.5 (DL+LL)1.5 6.68 6.85 123.1 119.6 121.35 17.72 Safe
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
15.94 5.75 16.94 88.27 119.6 103.94 6.14 Safe
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
19.96 6.94 21.13 107.61 119.6 113.61 5.38 Safe
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
20.54 4.36 21 59.46 119.6 89.53 4.26 Safe
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
18.34 4.94 18.99 108.69 119.6 114.15 6.01 Safe
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
22.89 5.94 23.65 133.13 119.6 126.37 5.34 Safe
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
22.3 3.36 22.55 84.98 119.6 102.29 4.54 Safe
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
1.11 5.03 5.15 88.67 119.6 104.14 20.22 Safe
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
1.35 6.53 6.67 108.11 119.6 113.86 17.07 Safe
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
0.77 9.1 9.14 59.97 119.6 89.79 9.82 Safe
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
1.29 15.72 15.77 108.28 119.6 113.94 7.23 Safe
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
1.58 19.4 19.47 132.63 119.6 126.12 6.48 Safe
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
0.99 16.83 16.86 84.48 119.6 102.04 6.05 Safe

Check For bearing pressure :-


Case 1) Without Buoyancy :-
Total Load
Load MOM-X MOM-Z Soil,Fdn, Total P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz pmax pmin pall Result
Fy
Pedestral Load
5 1.5 (DL+LL)
11.57 42.87 123.1 119.6 242.7 8.33 0.51 1.42 10.26 6.4 14 Safe
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
10.05 137.44 88.27 119.6 207.87 7.13 0.44 4.57 12.14 2.12 16.6 Safe
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
11.58 169.16 107.61 119.6 227.21 7.8 0.51 5.62 13.93 1.67 16.6 Safe
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
7.34 154.62 59.46 119.6 179.06 6.14 0.32 5.14 11.6 0.68 16.6 Safe
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
8.46 75.08 108.69 119.6 228.29 7.83 0.37 2.49 10.7 4.97 16.6 Safe
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
9.6 96.5 133.13 119.6 252.73 8.67 0.42 3.21 12.3 5.04 16.6 Safe
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
5.36 111.04 84.98 119.6 204.58 7.02 0.24 3.69 10.94 3.1 16.6 Safe
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
35.68 41.6 88.67 119.6 208.27 7.15 1.56 1.38 10.1 4.2 16.6 Safe
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
45.58 49.25 108.11 119.6 227.71 7.81 2 1.64 11.44 4.18 16.6 Safe
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
49.82 33.2 59.97 119.6 179.57 6.16 2.18 1.1 9.45 2.87 16.6 Safe
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
54.19 26.98 108.28 119.6 227.88 7.82 2.38 0.9 11.09 4.55 16.6 Safe
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
66.76 30.96 132.63 119.6 252.23 8.66 2.93 1.03 12.61 4.71 16.6 Safe
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
62.52 14.92 84.48 119.6 204.08 7 2.74 0.5 10.24 3.77 16.6 Safe

Bearing Pressure for Without Buoyancy Case :- pmax = 13.93 T/sq.M pmin = 9.45 T/sq.M

Page 11 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C1 & C2

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C1 & C2 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Check for Pressure at All Four Corners without Buoyancy Case

1-2+3 1+2+3 X
X

1-2-3 1+2-3

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
1 2 3
5 1.5 (DL+LL)
8.33 0.51 1.42 10.26 9.25 6.4 7.41
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
7.13 0.44 4.57 12.14 11.25 2.12 3.01
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
7.8 0.51 5.62 13.93 12.91 1.67 2.69
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
6.14 0.32 5.14 11.6 10.95 0.68 1.33
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
7.83 0.37 2.49 10.7 9.95 4.97 5.71
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
8.67 0.42 3.21 12.3 11.45 5.04 5.89 pmax = 13.93
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
7.02 0.24 3.69 10.94 10.47 3.1 3.57 pmin = 0.68
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
7.15 1.56 1.38 10.1 6.97 4.2 7.33
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
7.81 2 1.64 11.44 7.45 4.18 8.17
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
6.16 2.18 1.1 9.45 5.08 2.87 7.24
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
7.82 2.38 0.9 11.09 6.34 4.55 9.3
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
8.66 2.93 1.03 12.61 6.76 4.71 10.56
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
7 2.74 0.5 10.24 4.76 3.77 9.24

Check for Eccentricity without Buoyancy Case:-

ez = ex < L/6 ez < B/6


Load P Mxx Mzz ex = Mzz/P L/6 B/6
Mxx/P
5 1.5 (DL+LL)
242.7 11.57 42.87 0.18 0.05 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
207.87 10.05 137.44 0.67 0.05 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
227.21 11.58 169.16 0.75 0.06 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
179.06 7.34 154.62 0.87 0.05 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
228.29 8.46 75.08 0.33 0.04 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
252.73 9.6 96.5 0.39 0.04 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
204.58 5.36 111.04 0.55 0.03 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
208.27 35.68 41.6 0.2 0.18 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
227.71 45.58 49.25 0.22 0.21 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
179.57 49.82 33.2 0.19 0.28 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
227.88 54.19 26.98 0.12 0.24 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
252.23 66.76 30.96 0.13 0.27 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
204.08 62.52 14.92 0.08 0.31 1.04 0.79 <L/6 <B/6

Page 12 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C1 & C2

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C1 & C2 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

4.7

d/2

1.6 1.5

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3100 mm
Width = 4700 mm
Effective Depth = 725 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.22 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 95.34 T
Punching Shear = 95.3388379204893 x ( 3.1 x 4.7 - 1.225 x 1.475 )
3.1 x 4.7

P= 84 Ton
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + bc -----should not be greater than 1

bc = Short Side Of Column


Long Side Of Column

500
=
750
= 0.67
ks = 1
tc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2
Length of critical section = 1225 mm
Width of critical section = 1475 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 5400 mm

1260000
Depth Required =
1.37 x5400
= 170.32 mm

Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 5400 x 725 / 10000


536 T

Page 13 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C1 & C2

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C1 & C2 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

B) One Way Shear 3.1

1.25

4.7 d

1.6 1.1 0.4


1.6 3

Critical Section = At distance d from face of column


Maximum Pressure = 9.77 T/m2 ---- For without Buoynacy Condition

At Length
Length at critical section = 4700 mm
Width at critical section = 1600 mm
Shear Force = 9.766 x 4.7 x 1.6
= 74 T
At Width
Length at critical section = 3100 mm
Width at critical section = 1250 mm
Shear Force = 9.766 x 3.1 x 1.25
= 38 T

Designed Shear Stress = 74 T


Corresponding Length = 4700 mm

% Ast = 0.22
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.35 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 21 of IS 456
k= 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
tc = 0.35 N/mm2
Depth Required = 1110000
0.346 x 4700
= 683 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of reinforcement at bottom
Maximum Pressure = 13.93 T/m2 --- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pre. due to pcc & fdn wt = ( 58.28 + 61.32 ) / ( 6.2 x 4.7 )
= 4.1 T/m2
Net causing moment = 9.83 T/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.98 m
Bending Moment = 9.826 x 1.975 x 1.975 / 2
= 19.16 Tm
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1- (4.6 x Mu )
1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1122.54 mm2


Min. percentage of re-bar = 0.12 %
Ast = 960 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 275 mm
Provide Spacing = 200 Hence % of Steel = 0.22
Area Provided = 1570 mm2
Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 200 mm spacing bothways

Page 14 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C1 & C2

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C1 & C2 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

b) Calculation of reinforcement at top


Area Load = 9.83 T/m2
Max. Projection of fdn = 3 m
Bending Moment = 9.826 x 3 x 3 / 10
= 8.84 Tm
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1- 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 511.82 mm2


Min. percentage of re-bar = 0.12 %
Ast = 960 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 209 mm
Provide Spacing = 200 mm Hence % of Steel = 0.14
Area Provided = 1004.8 mm2
Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 200 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 6200 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4700 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 800 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 200 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 200 mm spacing bothways

Page 15 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING C1 & C2

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR C1 & C2 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Page 16 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING SC5 & SC6

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR SC5 & SC6 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Design Of Combined Foundation FOR COLUMN SC5 & SC6

Z
0.3
3.69

X
0.3 3

0.75 2.19 0.75

0.3

1.5
2

0.5

Constants :-
Unit Wt Of Soil = 1.8 T/m3
Density Of Water = 1 T/m3
Unit Weight Of Concrete = 2.5 T/m3
Comp. strength of concrete fc = 30 N/mm2
Yield strength of steel fy = 415 N/mm2
Coefficient Of Friction m = 0.5
Net SBC = 10.4 T/m2
Gross SBC = 14 T/m2 ------ Where increase in SBC is not allowed.
Gross SBC = 16.6 T/m2 ------ Where increase in SBC is allowed.(Wind / EQ 25% increase)

Shape Of Foundation :-
Length Of Foundation Lf = 3.69 m
Width Of Foundation Wf = 3 m
Thickness Of Foundation Tf = 0.5 m
Founding Depth Df = 2 m
Length Of Pedestal Lp = 0.3 m
Width Of Pedestal Wp = 0.3 m
Height Of Pedestal Hp = 0 m (Support Reaction Considered at Base of footing)

Section Modulus Zxx = 1 / 6 x 3.685 x 3 x 3


= 5.53 m3
Section Modulus Zzz = 1 / 6 x 3 x 3.685 x 3.685
= 6.79 m3

Calculation Of Soil, Fdn & Pedestal Weights :-


Selfweight Of Foundation = 3.685 x 3 x 0.5 x 2.5
= 13.82 T
Selfweight Of Soil = 1.8 x 1.5 x ( 3.685 x 3 - 0.3 x 0.3 x 2 )
= 29.36 T
Selfweight Of Pedestal = 2.5 x 0.3 x 0.3 x 0 x 2
= 0 T
Buoyant Weight = -1 x 3.685 x 3 x 2
= -22.11 T

Total weight without buoyancy = 13.82 + 29.36 + 0


= 43.18 T
Total weight with buoyancy = 13.82 + 29.36 + 0 + -22.11
= 21.07 T

Page 17 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING SC5 & SC6

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR SC5 & SC6 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG
Calculation Of Restoring Moment :-

Due to fdn. Weight = 13.82 x 3.685 / 2


= 25.46 Tm
Due to fdn. Soil = 29.36 x 3.685 / 2
= 54.1 Tm
Due to Pedestal = 0 x 0.375 + 0 x 3.31
= 0 Tm
Due to Buoyant weight = -22.11 x 1.8425
= -40.74

Total moment without buoyancy = 25.46 + 54.1 + 0


= 79.56 Tm
Total moment with buoyancy = 25.46 + 54.1 + 0 -40.74
= 38.82 Tm

Support Reactions :- ( At foundation level) All Units in Ton - Meter


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
262 5 1.5 (DL+LL)-1.33 43.31 -0.81 -0.99 0.02 1.45
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
-2.79 34.9 -0.66 -0.8 0.06 4.39
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -3.49 43.67 -0.83 -1.01 0.08 5.48
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -2.96 26.33 -0.5 -0.61 0.07 4.9
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
0.66 34.38 -0.65 -0.79 -0.04 -2.06
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 0.83 43.01 -0.81 -1 -0.05 -2.58
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 1.36 25.68 -0.49 -0.6 -0.05 -3.16
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
-1.11 34.03 -2.41 -3.82 0.02 1.25
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)-1.39 42.57 -3.02 -4.78 0.02 1.56
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ-0.86 25.23 -2.69 -4.38 0.02 0.98
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
-1.02 35.26 1.1 2.22 0.01 1.08
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)-1.27 44.11 1.37 2.77 0.01 1.34
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ-0.74 26.78 1.7 3.17 0 0.76

273 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.02 31.65 -0.89 -1.16 -0.03 -0.06


6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
-0.92 25.33 -0.72 -0.95 0.09 2.18
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
-1.15 31.86 -0.9 -1.19 0.11 2.72
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
-1.15 19.12 -0.54 -0.72 0.12 2.74
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
0.95 25.32 -0.7 -0.92 -0.13 -2.28
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
1.19 31.85 -0.87 -1.14 -0.16 -2.85
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
1.18 19.11 -0.52 -0.68 -0.15 -2.83
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
-0.04 23.15 -3.03 -4.68 -0.04 0.07
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
-0.05 29.14 -3.79 -5.85 -0.05 0.08
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
-0.06 16.39 -3.43 -5.39 -0.04 0.11
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
0.07 27.5 1.61 2.82 0 -0.17
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
0.09 34.57 2.02 3.52 0 -0.22
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
0.08 21.83 2.37 3.99 0.01 -0.19

Check For stability :-


a) Against Overturing :- (Check is done only for without buoyancy case)
Total O/T Moment Restoring Moment
Load MOM-Z MOM-X External Soil,Fdn, Total F.O.S. Result
Total
STAAD Due to Fy Load Pedestal
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.52 12.73 2.16 14.41 125.38 79.56 204.94 14.22 Safe
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
6.57 10.47 1.75 17.13 100.51 79.56 180.07 10.51 Safe
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) 8.2 12.9 2.2 21.22 126.25 79.56 205.81 9.7 Safe
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX 7.65 7.88 1.33 15.59 75.85 79.56 155.41 9.97 Safe
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
4.34 9.9 1.71 14.35 100.1 79.56 179.66 12.52 Safe
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)5.43 12.2 2.14 17.77 125.74 79.56 205.3 11.55 Safe
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX5.99 7.18 1.28 13.23 75.34 79.56 154.9 11.71 Safe
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
1.32 11.88 8.5 15.7 93.46 79.56 173.02 11.02 Safe
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)1.64 14.68 10.63 19.48 117.44 79.56 197 10.11 Safe
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ1.09 9.66 9.76 14.52 67.04 79.56 146.6 10.1 Safe
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
1.24 8.48 5.04 10.96 107.15 79.56 186.71 17.04 Safe
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)1.56 10.42 6.29 13.54 134.55 79.56 214.11 15.81 Safe
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ0.95 5.4 7.16 9.58 84.15 79.56 163.71 17.09 Safe

Page 18 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING SC5 & SC6

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR SC5 & SC6 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

b) Against Sliding :- (Check is done only for with buoyancy case)


Total Sliding Forces Restoring Forces
Load Fx Fz Resultant External Soil,Fdn, Total F.O.S. Result
Load Pedestal
5 1.5 (DL+LL)1.35 1.7 2.17 74.96 43.18 59.07 27.22 Safe
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
3.71 1.38 3.96 60.23 43.18 51.71 13.06 Safe
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
4.64 1.72 4.95 75.52 43.18 59.35 11.99 Safe
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
4.11 1.04 4.24 45.45 43.18 44.32 10.45 Safe
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
1.61 1.34 2.1 59.7 43.18 51.44 24.5 Safe
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
2.02 1.69 2.63 74.86 43.18 59.02 22.44 Safe
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
2.54 1 2.73 44.79 43.18 43.99 16.11 Safe
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
1.15 5.44 5.56 57.17 43.18 50.18 9.03 Safe
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
1.44 6.8 6.95 71.7 43.18 57.44 8.26 Safe
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
0.91 6.12 6.19 41.63 43.18 42.41 6.85 Safe
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
1.09 2.72 2.93 62.76 43.18 52.97 18.08 Safe
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
1.36 3.39 3.65 78.68 43.18 60.93 16.69 Safe
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
0.82 4.07 4.16 48.61 43.18 45.9 11.03 Safe

Check For bearing pressure :-


Case 1) Without Buoyancy :-
Total Load
Load MOM-X MOM-Z Soil,Fdn, Total P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz pmax pmin pall Result
Fy
Pedestral Load
5 1.5 (DL+LL)2.16 14.25 74.96 43.18 118.14 10.69 0.39 2.1 13.18 8.2 14 Safe
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
1.75 17.04 60.23 43.18 103.41 9.35 0.32 2.51 12.18 6.52 16.6 Safe
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)2.2 21.1 75.52 43.18 118.7 10.74 0.4 3.11 14.25 7.23 16.6 Safe
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
1.33 15.53 45.45 43.18 88.63 8.02 0.24 2.29 10.55 5.49 16.6 Safe
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
1.71 14.24 59.7 43.18 102.88 9.31 0.31 2.1 11.72 6.9 16.6 Safe
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
2.14 17.63 74.86 43.18 118.04 10.68 0.39 2.6 13.67 7.69 16.6 Safe
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
1.28 13.17 44.79 43.18 87.97 7.96 0.23 1.94 10.13 5.79 16.6 Safe
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
8.5 13.2 57.17 43.18 100.35 9.08 1.54 1.94 12.56 5.6 16.6 Safe
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
10.63 16.32 71.7 43.18 114.88 10.39 1.92 2.4 14.72 6.06 16.6 Safe
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
9.76 10.75 41.63 43.18 84.81 7.67 1.77 1.58 11.02 4.32 16.6 Safe
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
5.04 9.72 62.76 43.18 105.94 9.58 0.91 1.43 11.93 7.23 16.6 Safe
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
6.29 11.98 78.68 43.18 121.86 11.02 1.14 1.77 13.92 8.12 16.6 Safe
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
7.16 6.35 48.61 43.18 91.79 8.3 1.3 0.94 10.53 6.07 16.6 Safe

Bearing Pressure for Without Buoyancy Case :- pmax = 14.72 T/sq.M pmin = 10.13 T/sq.M

Page 19 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING SC5 & SC6

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR SC5 & SC6 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Check for Pressure at All Four Corners without Buoyancy Case

1-2+3 1+2+3 X
X

1-2-3 1+2-3

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
1 2 3
5 1.5 (DL+LL)
10.69 0.39 2.1 13.18 12.4 8.2 8.98
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
9.35 0.32 2.51 12.18 11.54 6.52 7.16
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
10.74 0.4 3.11 14.25 13.45 7.23 8.03
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
8.02 0.24 2.29 10.55 10.07 5.49 5.97
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
9.31 0.31 2.1 11.72 11.1 6.9 7.52
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
10.68 0.39 2.6 13.67 12.89 7.69 8.47 pmax = 14.72
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
7.96 0.23 1.94 10.13 9.67 5.79 6.25 pmin = 4.32
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
9.08 1.54 1.94 12.56 9.49 5.6 8.67
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
10.39 1.92 2.4 14.72 10.87 6.06 9.91
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
7.67 1.77 1.58 11.02 7.49 4.32 7.85
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
9.58 0.91 1.43 11.93 10.1 7.23 9.06
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
11.02 1.14 1.77 13.92 11.65 8.12 10.39
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
8.3 1.3 0.94 10.53 7.94 6.07 8.66

Check for Eccentricity without Buoyancy Case:-

ez = ex < L/6 ez < B/6


Load P Mxx Mzz ex = Mzz/P L/6 B/6
Mxx/P
5 1.5 (DL+LL)
118.14 2.16 14.25 0.13 0.02 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
103.41 1.75 17.04 0.17 0.02 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
118.7 2.2 21.1 0.18 0.02 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
88.63 1.33 15.53 0.18 0.02 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
102.88 1.71 14.24 0.14 0.02 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
118.04 2.14 17.63 0.15 0.02 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
87.97 1.28 13.17 0.15 0.02 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
100.35 8.5 13.2 0.14 0.09 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
114.88 10.63 16.32 0.15 0.1 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
84.81 9.76 10.75 0.13 0.12 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
105.94 5.04 9.72 0.1 0.05 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
121.86 6.29 11.98 0.1 0.06 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
91.79 7.16 6.35 0.07 0.08 0.62 0.5 <L/6 <B/6

Page 20 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING SC5 & SC6

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR SC5 & SC6 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

0.75 1.09

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 300 mm
Width = 300 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 1842.5 mm
Width = 3000 mm
Effective Depth = 425 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.24 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 44.11 T
Punching Shear = 44.1118246687054 x ( 1.8425 x 3 - 0.725 x 0.725 )
1.8425 x 3

P= 40 Ton
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + bc -----should not be greater than 1

bc = Short Side Of Column


Long Side Of Column

300
=
300
= 1
ks = 1
tc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2
Length of critical section = 725 mm
Width of critical section = 725 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 2900 mm

600000
Depth Required =
1.37 x2900
= 151.02 mm

Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 2900 x 425 / 10000


168 T

Page 21 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING SC5 & SC6

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR SC5 & SC6 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

B) One Way Shear 1.84

0.93

3 d

0.75 0.58 0.51


0.75 2.19

Critical Section = At distance d from face of column


Maximum Pressure = 10.77 T/m2 ---- For without Buoynacy Condition

At Length
Length at critical section = 3000 mm
Width at critical section = 750 mm
Shear Force = 10.768 x 3 x 0.75
= 25 T
At Width
Length at critical section = 1842.5 mm
Width at critical section = 925 mm
Shear Force = 10.768 x 1.8425 x 0.925
= 19 T

Designed Shear Stress = 25 T


Corresponding Length = 3000 mm

% Ast = 0.24
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.36 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 21 of IS 456
k= 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
tc = 0.36 N/mm2
Depth Required = 375000
0.362 x 3000
= 346 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of reinforcement at bottom
Maximum Pressure = 14.72 T/m2 --- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pre. due to pcc & fdn wt = ( 13.82 + 29.36 ) / ( 3.685 x 3 )
= 3.91 T/m2
Net causing moment = 10.81 T/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.35 m
Bending Moment = 10.808 x 1.35 x 1.35 / 2
= 9.85 Tm
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1- (4.6 x Mu )
1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 995.62 mm2


Min. percentage of re-bar = 0.12 %
Ast = 600 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 200 mm
Provide Spacing = 200 Hence % of Steel = 0.24
Area Provided = 1004.8 mm2
Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 200 mm spacing bothways

Page 22 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING SC5 & SC6

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR SC5 & SC6 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

b) Calculation of reinforcement at top


Area Load = 10.81 T/m2
Max. Projection of fdn = 2.19 m
Bending Moment = 10.808 x 2.185 x 2.185 / 10
= 5.16 Tm
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1- 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 513.24 mm2


Min. percentage of re-bar = 0.12 %
Ast = 600 mm2
Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2
Spacing = 188 mm
Provide Spacing = 185 mm Hence % of Steel = 0.15
Area Provided = 611.03 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 185 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3685 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 3000 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 500 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 185 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 200 mm spacing bothways

Page 23 of 299
COMBINED FOOTING SC5 & SC6

JOB NO. BONGAIGAON CRB


JYOTI STRUCTURE LTD. DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTING DATE 26-Jul-09
DESCRIPTION
MUMBAI FOR SC5 & SC6 DESIGNED PCK
CUSTOMER NTPC INDIA CHECKED SAG

Page 24 of 299
DESIGN SHEAR STRENGTH OF CONCRETE Τc N/mm2
% pt M15 M20 M25 M30 M35 M40 & ABOVE
0 15 20 25 30 35 40
0.15 0.280 0.280 0.290 0.290 0.290 0.300
0.16 0.287 0.288 0.297 0.298 0.298 0.308
0.17 0.294 0.296 0.304 0.306 0.306 0.316
0.18 0.301 0.304 0.311 0.314 0.314 0.324
0.19 0.308 0.312 0.318 0.322 0.322 0.332
0.2 0.315 0.320 0.325 0.330 0.330 0.340
0.21 0.322 0.328 0.332 0.338 0.338 0.348
0.22 0.329 0.336 0.339 0.346 0.346 0.356
0.23 0.336 0.344 0.346 0.354 0.354 0.364
0.24 0.343 0.352 0.353 0.362 0.362 0.372
0.25 0.350 0.360 0.360 0.370 0.370 0.380
0.26 0.354 0.365 0.365 0.375 0.375 0.385
0.27 0.359 0.370 0.370 0.380 0.380 0.390
0.28 0.363 0.374 0.376 0.386 0.386 0.396
0.29 0.368 0.379 0.381 0.391 0.391 0.401
0.3 0.372 0.384 0.386 0.396 0.396 0.406
0.31 0.376 0.389 0.391 0.401 0.401 0.411
0.32 0.381 0.394 0.396 0.406 0.406 0.416
0.33 0.385 0.398 0.402 0.412 0.412 0.422
0.34 0.390 0.403 0.407 0.417 0.417 0.427
0.35 0.394 0.408 0.412 0.422 0.422 0.432
0.36 0.398 0.413 0.417 0.427 0.427 0.437
0.37 0.403 0.418 0.422 0.432 0.432 0.442
0.38 0.407 0.422 0.428 0.438 0.438 0.448
0.39 0.412 0.427 0.433 0.443 0.443 0.453
0.4 0.416 0.432 0.438 0.448 0.448 0.458
0.41 0.420 0.437 0.443 0.453 0.453 0.463
0.42 0.425 0.442 0.448 0.458 0.458 0.468
0.43 0.429 0.446 0.454 0.464 0.464 0.474
0.44 0.434 0.451 0.459 0.469 0.469 0.479
0.45 0.438 0.456 0.464 0.474 0.474 0.484
0.46 0.442 0.461 0.469 0.479 0.479 0.489
0.47 0.447 0.466 0.474 0.484 0.484 0.494
0.48 0.451 0.470 0.480 0.490 0.490 0.500
0.49 0.456 0.475 0.485 0.495 0.495 0.505
0.5 0.460 0.480 0.490 0.500 0.500 0.510
0.51 0.463 0.483 0.493 0.504 0.504 0.514
0.52 0.466 0.486 0.496 0.507 0.507 0.517
0.53 0.470 0.490 0.500 0.511 0.511 0.521
0.54 0.473 0.493 0.503 0.514 0.514 0.524
0.55 0.476 0.496 0.506 0.518 0.518 0.528
0.56 0.479 0.499 0.509 0.522 0.522 0.532
0.57 0.482 0.502 0.512 0.525 0.525 0.535
0.58 0.486 0.506 0.516 0.529 0.529 0.539
0.59 0.489 0.509 0.519 0.532 0.532 0.542
0.6 0.492 0.512 0.522 0.536 0.536 0.546
0.61 0.495 0.515 0.525 0.540 0.540 0.550
0.62 0.498 0.518 0.528 0.543 0.543 0.553
0.63 0.502 0.522 0.532 0.547 0.547 0.557
0.64 0.505 0.525 0.535 0.550 0.550 0.560
0.65 0.508 0.528 0.538 0.554 0.554 0.564
0.66 0.511 0.531 0.541 0.558 0.558 0.568
0.67 0.514 0.534 0.544 0.561 0.561 0.571
0.68 0.518 0.538 0.548 0.565 0.565 0.575
0.69 0.521 0.541 0.551 0.568 0.568 0.578
0.7 0.524 0.544 0.554 0.572 0.572 0.582
0.71 0.527 0.547 0.557 0.576 0.576 0.586
0.72 0.530 0.550 0.560 0.579 0.579 0.589
0.73 0.534 0.554 0.564 0.583 0.583 0.593
0.74 0.537 0.557 0.567 0.586 0.586 0.596
0.75 0.540 0.560 0.570 0.590 0.590 0.600
0.76 0.542 0.562 0.573 0.593 0.593 0.603
0.77 0.545 0.565 0.576 0.596 0.596 0.606
0.78 0.547 0.567 0.578 0.598 0.600 0.610
0.79 0.550 0.570 0.581 0.601 0.603 0.613
0.8 0.552 0.572 0.584 0.604 0.606 0.616
0.81 0.554 0.574 0.587 0.607 0.609 0.619
0.82 0.557 0.577 0.590 0.610 0.612 0.622
0.83 0.559 0.579 0.592 0.612 0.616 0.626
0.84 0.562 0.582 0.595 0.615 0.619 0.629
0.85 0.564 0.584 0.598 0.618 0.622 0.632
0.86 0.566 0.586 0.601 0.621 0.625 0.635
0.87 0.569 0.589 0.604 0.624 0.628 0.638
0.88 0.571 0.591 0.606 0.626 0.632 0.642
0.89 0.574 0.594 0.609 0.629 0.635 0.645
0.9 0.576 0.596 0.612 0.632 0.638 0.648
0.91 0.578 0.598 0.615 0.635 0.641 0.651
0.92 0.581 0.601 0.618 0.638 0.644 0.654
0.93 0.583 0.603 0.620 0.640 0.648 0.658
0.94 0.586 0.606 0.623 0.643 0.651 0.661
0.95 0.588 0.608 0.626 0.646 0.654 0.664
0.96 0.590 0.610 0.629 0.649 0.657 0.667
0.97 0.593 0.613 0.632 0.652 0.660 0.670
0.98 0.595 0.615 0.634 0.654 0.664 0.674
0.99 0.598 0.618 0.637 0.657 0.667 0.677
1 0.600 0.620 0.640 0.660 0.670 0.680
1.01 0.602 0.622 0.642 0.662 0.672 0.682
1.02 0.603 0.624 0.645 0.664 0.675 0.685
1.03 0.605 0.626 0.647 0.666 0.677 0.687
1.04 0.606 0.628 0.650 0.668 0.680 0.690
1.05 0.608 0.630 0.652 0.670 0.682 0.692
1.06 0.610 0.632 0.654 0.672 0.684 0.694
1.07 0.611 0.634 0.657 0.674 0.687 0.697
1.08 0.613 0.636 0.659 0.676 0.689 0.699
1.09 0.614 0.638 0.662 0.678 0.692 0.702
1.1 0.616 0.640 0.664 0.680 0.694 0.704
1.11 0.618 0.642 0.666 0.682 0.696 0.706
1.12 0.619 0.644 0.669 0.684 0.699 0.709
1.13 0.621 0.646 0.671 0.686 0.701 0.711
1.14 0.622 0.648 0.674 0.688 0.704 0.714
1.15 0.624 0.650 0.676 0.690 0.706 0.716
1.16 0.626 0.652 0.678 0.692 0.708 0.718
1.17 0.627 0.654 0.681 0.694 0.711 0.721
1.18 0.629 0.656 0.683 0.696 0.713 0.723
1.19 0.630 0.658 0.686 0.698 0.716 0.726
1.2 0.632 0.660 0.688 0.700 0.718 0.728
1.21 0.634 0.662 0.690 0.702 0.720 0.730
1.22 0.635 0.664 0.693 0.704 0.723 0.733
1.23 0.637 0.666 0.695 0.706 0.725 0.735
1.24 0.638 0.668 0.698 0.708 0.728 0.738
1.25 0.640 0.670 0.700 0.710 0.730 0.740
1.26 0.642 0.672 0.702 0.712 0.732 0.742
1.27 0.643 0.674 0.703 0.714 0.734 0.744
1.28 0.645 0.676 0.705 0.716 0.736 0.746
1.29 0.646 0.678 0.706 0.718 0.738 0.748
1.3 0.648 0.680 0.708 0.720 0.740 0.750
1.31 0.650 0.682 0.710 0.722 0.742 0.752
1.32 0.651 0.684 0.711 0.724 0.744 0.754
1.33 0.653 0.686 0.713 0.726 0.746 0.756
1.34 0.654 0.688 0.714 0.728 0.748 0.758
1.35 0.656 0.690 0.716 0.730 0.750 0.760
1.36 0.658 0.692 0.718 0.732 0.752 0.762
1.37 0.659 0.694 0.719 0.734 0.754 0.764
1.38 0.661 0.696 0.721 0.736 0.756 0.766
1.39 0.662 0.698 0.722 0.738 0.758 0.768
1.4 0.664 0.700 0.724 0.740 0.760 0.770
1.41 0.666 0.702 0.726 0.742 0.762 0.772
1.42 0.667 0.704 0.727 0.744 0.764 0.774
1.43 0.669 0.706 0.729 0.746 0.766 0.776
1.44 0.670 0.708 0.730 0.748 0.768 0.778
1.45 0.672 0.710 0.732 0.750 0.770 0.780
1.46 0.674 0.712 0.734 0.752 0.772 0.782
1.47 0.675 0.714 0.735 0.754 0.774 0.784
1.48 0.677 0.716 0.737 0.756 0.776 0.786
1.49 0.678 0.718 0.738 0.758 0.778 0.788
1.5 0.680 0.720 0.740 0.760 0.780 0.790
1.51 0.681 0.721 0.742 0.762 0.782 0.792
1.52 0.682 0.722 0.743 0.763 0.783 0.794
1.53 0.684 0.724 0.745 0.765 0.785 0.796
1.54 0.685 0.725 0.746 0.766 0.786 0.798
1.55 0.686 0.726 0.748 0.768 0.788 0.800
1.56 0.687 0.727 0.750 0.770 0.790 0.802
1.57 0.688 0.728 0.751 0.771 0.791 0.804
1.58 0.690 0.730 0.753 0.773 0.793 0.806
1.59 0.691 0.731 0.754 0.774 0.794 0.808
1.6 0.692 0.732 0.756 0.776 0.796 0.810
1.61 0.693 0.733 0.758 0.778 0.798 0.812
1.62 0.694 0.734 0.759 0.779 0.799 0.814
1.63 0.696 0.736 0.761 0.781 0.801 0.816
1.64 0.697 0.737 0.762 0.782 0.802 0.818
1.65 0.698 0.738 0.764 0.784 0.804 0.820
1.66 0.699 0.739 0.766 0.786 0.806 0.822
1.67 0.700 0.740 0.767 0.787 0.807 0.824
1.68 0.702 0.742 0.769 0.789 0.809 0.826
1.69 0.703 0.743 0.770 0.790 0.810 0.828
1.7 0.704 0.744 0.772 0.792 0.812 0.830
1.71 0.705 0.745 0.774 0.794 0.814 0.832
1.72 0.706 0.746 0.775 0.795 0.815 0.834
1.73 0.708 0.748 0.777 0.797 0.817 0.836
1.74 0.709 0.749 0.778 0.798 0.818 0.838
1.75 0.710 0.750 0.780 0.800 0.820 0.840
1.76 0.710 0.752 0.782 0.802 0.822 0.842
1.77 0.710 0.753 0.783 0.803 0.823 0.843
1.78 0.710 0.755 0.785 0.805 0.825 0.845
1.79 0.710 0.756 0.786 0.806 0.826 0.846
1.8 0.710 0.758 0.788 0.808 0.828 0.848
1.81 0.710 0.760 0.790 0.810 0.830 0.850
1.82 0.710 0.761 0.791 0.811 0.831 0.851
1.83 0.710 0.763 0.793 0.813 0.833 0.853
1.84 0.710 0.764 0.794 0.814 0.834 0.854
1.85 0.710 0.766 0.796 0.816 0.836 0.856
1.86 0.710 0.768 0.798 0.818 0.838 0.858
1.87 0.710 0.769 0.799 0.819 0.839 0.859
1.88 0.710 0.771 0.801 0.821 0.841 0.861
1.89 0.710 0.772 0.802 0.822 0.842 0.862
1.9 0.710 0.774 0.804 0.824 0.844 0.864
1.91 0.710 0.776 0.806 0.826 0.846 0.866
1.92 0.710 0.777 0.807 0.827 0.847 0.867
1.93 0.710 0.779 0.809 0.829 0.849 0.869
1.94 0.710 0.780 0.810 0.830 0.850 0.870
1.95 0.710 0.782 0.812 0.832 0.852 0.872
1.96 0.710 0.784 0.814 0.834 0.854 0.874
1.97 0.710 0.785 0.815 0.835 0.855 0.875
1.98 0.710 0.787 0.817 0.837 0.857 0.877
1.99 0.710 0.788 0.818 0.838 0.858 0.878
2 0.710 0.790 0.820 0.840 0.860 0.880
2.01 0.710 0.791 0.821 0.842 0.862 0.882
2.02 0.710 0.792 0.822 0.843 0.863 0.883
2.03 0.710 0.792 0.824 0.845 0.865 0.885
2.04 0.710 0.793 0.825 0.846 0.866 0.886
2.05 0.710 0.794 0.826 0.848 0.868 0.888
2.06 0.710 0.795 0.827 0.850 0.870 0.890
2.07 0.710 0.796 0.828 0.851 0.871 0.891
2.08 0.710 0.796 0.830 0.853 0.873 0.893
2.09 0.710 0.797 0.831 0.854 0.874 0.894
2.1 0.710 0.798 0.832 0.856 0.876 0.896
2.11 0.710 0.799 0.833 0.858 0.878 0.898
2.12 0.710 0.800 0.834 0.859 0.879 0.899
2.13 0.710 0.800 0.836 0.861 0.881 0.901
2.14 0.710 0.801 0.837 0.862 0.882 0.902
2.15 0.710 0.802 0.838 0.864 0.884 0.904
2.16 0.710 0.803 0.839 0.866 0.886 0.906
2.17 0.710 0.804 0.840 0.867 0.887 0.907
2.18 0.710 0.804 0.842 0.869 0.889 0.909
2.19 0.710 0.805 0.843 0.870 0.890 0.910
2.2 0.710 0.806 0.844 0.872 0.892 0.912
2.21 0.710 0.807 0.845 0.874 0.894 0.914
2.22 0.710 0.808 0.846 0.875 0.895 0.915
2.23 0.710 0.808 0.848 0.877 0.897 0.917
2.24 0.710 0.809 0.849 0.878 0.898 0.918
2.25 0.710 0.810 0.850 0.880 0.900 0.920
2.26 0.710 0.810 0.851 0.881 0.901 0.921
2.27 0.710 0.811 0.852 0.882 0.902 0.922
2.28 0.710 0.811 0.854 0.884 0.904 0.924
2.29 0.710 0.812 0.855 0.885 0.905 0.925
2.3 0.710 0.812 0.856 0.886 0.906 0.926
2.31 0.710 0.812 0.857 0.887 0.907 0.927
2.32 0.710 0.813 0.858 0.888 0.908 0.928
2.33 0.710 0.813 0.860 0.890 0.910 0.930
2.34 0.710 0.814 0.861 0.891 0.911 0.931
2.35 0.710 0.814 0.862 0.892 0.912 0.932
2.36 0.710 0.814 0.863 0.893 0.913 0.933
2.37 0.710 0.815 0.864 0.894 0.914 0.934
2.38 0.710 0.815 0.866 0.896 0.916 0.936
2.39 0.710 0.816 0.867 0.897 0.917 0.937
2.4 0.710 0.816 0.868 0.898 0.918 0.938
2.41 0.710 0.816 0.869 0.899 0.919 0.939
2.42 0.710 0.817 0.870 0.900 0.920 0.940
2.43 0.710 0.817 0.872 0.902 0.922 0.942
2.44 0.710 0.818 0.873 0.903 0.923 0.943
2.45 0.710 0.818 0.874 0.904 0.924 0.944
2.46 0.710 0.818 0.875 0.905 0.925 0.945
2.47 0.710 0.819 0.876 0.906 0.926 0.946
2.48 0.710 0.819 0.878 0.908 0.928 0.948
2.49 0.710 0.820 0.879 0.909 0.929 0.949
2.5 0.710 0.820 0.880 0.910 0.930 0.950
2.51 0.710 0.820 0.881 0.911 0.931 0.951
2.52 0.710 0.820 0.882 0.912 0.932 0.952
2.53 0.710 0.820 0.882 0.914 0.934 0.954
2.54 0.710 0.820 0.883 0.915 0.935 0.955
2.55 0.710 0.820 0.884 0.916 0.936 0.956
2.56 0.710 0.820 0.885 0.917 0.937 0.957
2.57 0.710 0.820 0.886 0.918 0.938 0.958
2.58 0.710 0.820 0.886 0.920 0.940 0.960
2.59 0.710 0.820 0.887 0.921 0.941 0.961
2.6 0.710 0.820 0.888 0.922 0.942 0.962
2.61 0.710 0.820 0.889 0.923 0.943 0.963
2.62 0.710 0.820 0.890 0.924 0.944 0.964
2.63 0.710 0.820 0.890 0.926 0.946 0.966
2.64 0.710 0.820 0.891 0.927 0.947 0.967
2.65 0.710 0.820 0.892 0.928 0.948 0.968
2.66 0.710 0.820 0.893 0.929 0.949 0.969
2.67 0.710 0.820 0.894 0.930 0.950 0.970
2.68 0.710 0.820 0.894 0.932 0.952 0.972
2.69 0.710 0.820 0.895 0.933 0.953 0.973
2.7 0.710 0.820 0.896 0.934 0.954 0.974
2.71 0.710 0.820 0.897 0.935 0.955 0.975
2.72 0.710 0.820 0.898 0.936 0.956 0.976
2.73 0.710 0.820 0.898 0.938 0.958 0.978
2.74 0.710 0.820 0.899 0.939 0.959 0.979
2.75 0.710 0.820 0.900 0.940 0.960 0.980
2.76 0.710 0.820 0.901 0.941 0.961 0.981
2.77 0.710 0.820 0.902 0.942 0.962 0.982
2.78 0.710 0.820 0.902 0.942 0.964 0.984
2.79 0.710 0.820 0.903 0.943 0.965 0.985
2.8 0.710 0.820 0.904 0.944 0.966 0.986
2.81 0.710 0.820 0.905 0.945 0.967 0.987
2.82 0.710 0.820 0.906 0.946 0.968 0.988
2.83 0.710 0.820 0.906 0.946 0.970 0.990
2.84 0.710 0.820 0.907 0.947 0.971 0.991
2.85 0.710 0.820 0.908 0.948 0.972 0.992
2.86 0.710 0.820 0.909 0.949 0.973 0.993
2.87 0.710 0.820 0.910 0.950 0.974 0.994
2.88 0.710 0.820 0.910 0.950 0.976 0.996
2.89 0.710 0.820 0.911 0.951 0.977 0.997
2.9 0.710 0.820 0.912 0.952 0.978 0.998
2.91 0.710 0.820 0.913 0.953 0.979 0.999
2.92 0.710 0.820 0.914 0.954 0.980 1.000
2.93 0.710 0.820 0.914 0.954 0.982 1.002
2.94 0.710 0.820 0.915 0.955 0.983 1.003
2.95 0.710 0.820 0.916 0.956 0.984 1.004
2.96 0.710 0.820 0.917 0.957 0.985 1.005
2.97 0.710 0.820 0.918 0.958 0.986 1.006
2.98 0.710 0.820 0.918 0.958 0.988 1.008
2.99 0.710 0.820 0.919 0.959 0.989 1.009
3 0.710 0.820 0.920 0.960 0.990 1.010
Fck = 30 % pt = 0.23 Tc = 0.35

Fck = 30 % pt = 0.34 Tc = 0.42

Fck = 30 % pt = 0.22 Tc = 0.35

Fck = 30 % pt = 0.24 Tc = 0.36


DESIGN SHEAR STRENGTH OF CONCRETE Τc N/mm2
% pt M15 M20 M25 M30 M35 M40 & ABOVE
15 20 25 30 35 40
0.15 0.280 0.280 0.290 0.290 0.290 0.300
0.25 0.350 0.360 0.360 0.370 0.370 0.380
0.5 0.460 0.480 0.490 0.500 0.500 0.510
0.75 0.540 0.560 0.570 0.590 0.590 0.600
1 0.600 0.620 0.640 0.660 0.670 0.680
1.25 0.640 0.670 0.700 0.710 0.730 0.740
1.5 0.680 0.720 0.740 0.760 0.780 0.790
1.75 0.710 0.750 0.780 0.800 0.820 0.840
2 0.710 0.790 0.820 0.840 0.860 0.880
2.25 0.710 0.810 0.850 0.880 0.900 0.920
2.5 0.710 0.820 0.880 0.910 0.930 0.950
2.75 0.710 0.820 0.900 0.940 0.960 0.980
3 0.710 0.820 0.920 0.960 0.990 1.010
COLUMN SUPPORT REACTION FOR FOOTING DESIGN
Column Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment
Node L/C
Nos. Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN Mx kN-m My kN-m Mz kN-m
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 5.35 390.53 -27.71 -41.79 9.49 -7.62
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -67.74 36.24 -22.43 -33.29 17.03 161.92
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -84.93 40.82 -28.48 -41.91 20.24 202.77
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -86.97 -113.6 -17.22 -25.08 16.86 205.67
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 76.3 588.61 -21.91 -33.58 -1.84 -174.11
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 95.12 731.29 -27.82 -42.27 -3.33 -217.27
C18 234 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 93.08 576.87 -16.56 -25.43 -6.72 -214.37
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 4.43 383.04 -76.13 -213.92 28.8 -7.04
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 5.29 474.33 -95.59 -267.7 34.96 -8.43
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 3.25 319.91 -84.34 -250.86 31.58 -5.53
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 4.12 241.8 31.79 147.05 -13.61 -5.15
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 4.9 297.78 39.3 183.52 -18.05 -6.07
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 2.87 143.36 50.56 200.35 -21.43 -3.17
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 2.37 776.81 -80.58 -235.48 4.08 -4.04
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -86.81 627.33 -64.71 -188.73 8 183.93
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -108.56 754.84 -72.98 -213.62 9.24 230.03
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -109.49 455.85 -43.91 -128.34 7.91 231.6
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 90.6 615.57 -64.23 -188.04 -1.47 -190.39
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 113.19 740.14 -72.38 -212.76 -2.59 -237.86
C21 235 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 112.27 441.14 -43.31 -127.49 -3.92 -236.29
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 2.39 657.06 -144.53 -628.01 13.11 -4.35
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 2.93 792.01 -172.75 -762.73 15.63 -5.32
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 2 493.01 -143.68 -677.45 14.3 -3.75
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.4 585.83 15.6 251.24 -6.58 -2.11
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.7 702.97 27.4 336.34 -8.98 -2.51
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.78 403.98 56.47 421.62 -10.31 -0.94
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.49 783.84 -84.17 -237.29 -1.61 -2.98
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -86.92 626.35 -67.28 -189.64 3.86 184.14
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -108.72 753.36 -75.51 -213.18 4.89 230.31
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -109.29 451.65 -45.27 -127.81 5.5 231.44
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.3 627.79 -67.4 -190.02 -6.43 -188.9
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.56 755.16 -75.66 -213.65 -7.98 -235.99
C22 236 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 110.99 453.46 -45.43 -128.28 -7.36 -234.85
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 1.61 665.03 -155.28 -669.86 1.72 -3.31
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 1.94 801.7 -185.51 -813.44 2.2 -4
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 1.37 500 -155.28 -728.08 2.82 -2.87
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 0.78 589.11 20.6 290.19 -4.29 -1.45
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 0.9 706.81 34.34 386.62 -5.3 -1.68
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.33 405.11 64.58 471.99 -4.68 -0.54
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.61 783.19 -83.16 -232.22 -0.04 -3.07
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -86.82 626.91 -66.55 -185.79 5.09 184.12
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -108.57 754.16 -74.65 -208.48 6.34 230.26
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -109.2 452.68 -44.8 -125.1 6.36 231.44
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.39 626.19 -66.51 -185.76 -5.16 -189.04
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.69 753.26 -74.59 -208.45 -6.48 -236.19
C23 237 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.07 451.77 -44.74 -125.06 -6.45 -235.01
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 1.6 665.64 -156.26 -677.63 0.95 -3.17
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 1.96 802.57 -186.78 -823.28 1.16 -3.85
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 1.33 501.08 -156.93 -739.89 1.19 -2.66
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 0.97 587.46 23.2 306.08 -1.02 -1.75
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.16 704.85 37.54 406.35 -1.31 -2.09
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.54 403.37 67.39 489.73 -1.28 -0.9
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.12 763.93 -74.04 -210.74 -8.39 -1.39
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -88.88 599.68 -59.02 -168.14 -1.92 186.56
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -111.2 721.04 -66.15 -188.5 -1.56 233.35
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -111.21 426.89 -39.59 -112.87 1.46 233.85
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.08 622.61 -59.44 -169.05 -11.5 -188.78
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.26 749.69 -66.67 -189.63 -13.53 -235.83
C24 238 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.24 455.55 -40.11 -114.01 -10.52 -235.33
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.33 650.83 -149.73 -666.05 -5.41 -1.6
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.32 784.98 -179.54 -810.88 -5.92 -1.85
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.31 490.83 -152.97 -735.26 -2.9 -1.35
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -0.13 571.46 31.27 328.86 -8.01 -0.62
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -0.26 685.76 46.72 432.75 -9.17 -0.63
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -0.27 391.61 73.28 508.38 -6.15 -0.13

SUPPORT REACTION Page 43


Column Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment
Node L/C
Nos. Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN Mx kN-m My kN-m Mz kN-m
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 11.95 919.78 54.27 42.95 -2.29 -14.82
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -76.36 784.51 43.5 34.46 3.82 172.48
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -95.41 947.04 48.85 38.83 5.01 215.59
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -100.21 592.57 29.35 23.35 5.83 221.52
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 95.48 687.13 43.32 34.25 -7.49 -196.18
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 119.4 825.32 48.63 38.57 -9.13 -245.23
C25 239 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 114.6 470.85 29.13 23.09 -8.3 -239.3
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 9.73 781.5 -45.73 -470.49 0.75 -12.15
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 12.2 943.27 -62.68 -592.35 1.17 -15.19
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 7.4 588.8 -82.18 -607.83 1.99 -9.27
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 9.4 690.15 132.55 539.2 -4.42 -11.55
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 11.79 829.09 160.16 669.76 -5.29 -14.44
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 6.99 474.62 140.67 654.28 -4.46 -8.52
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -2.72 859.21 -100.96 -303.43 -2.21 1.98
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -87.08 643.98 -80.44 -242.46 4 184.89
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -108.92 770.15 -90.5 -274.5 5.23 231.17
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -107.81 440.4 -54.14 -164.55 6.02 230.36
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 82.74 730.75 -81.1 -243.04 -7.54 -181.73
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 103.36 878.62 -91.32 -275.22 -9.2 -227.09
C27 241 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 104.47 548.86 -54.95 -165.28 -8.41 -227.91
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -2.28 725.7 -169.19 -720.91 -7.01 1.89
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -2.92 872.31 -201.44 -872.56 -8.53 2.43
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -1.81 542.55 -165.07 -762.62 -7.74 1.61
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -2.06 649.03 7.65 235.42 3.47 1.27
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -2.64 776.46 19.62 322.85 4.56 1.66
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -1.53 446.71 55.98 432.79 5.35 0.84
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.93 783.66 -86.5 -252.13 -6.23 -2.09
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -87.76 629.61 -68.35 -199.51 -0.54 185.73
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -109.59 757.23 -76.8 -225.04 -0.25 232.02
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.01 455.68 -45.65 -133.93 2.07 232.91
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.25 624.25 -70.06 -203.89 -9.43 -189.07
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.68 750.54 -78.94 -230.51 -11.37 -236.48
C28 242 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.26 448.99 -47.79 -139.4 -9.05 -235.59
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.51 662.15 -150.49 -643.23 -12.52 -1.12
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.76 797.91 -179.48 -779.68 -15.24 -1.54
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.34 496.35 -148.34 -688.57 -12.91 -0.65
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 0.98 591.71 12.09 239.82 2.56 -2.22
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.34 709.86 23.75 324.13 3.61 -2.92
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.92 408.31 54.89 415.24 5.94 -2.02
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -0.54 705.79 -54.58 -157.42 -9.9 -0.33
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -90.6 526.26 -38.81 -112.73 -3.59 189.05
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -113.26 635.06 -43.03 -125.36 -3.55 236.3
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -113.04 361.85 -23.39 -68.61 0.03 236.44
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.74 603 -48.52 -139.14 -12.25 -189.57
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 112.16 730.98 -55.17 -158.37 -14.38 -236.98
C29 243 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 112.38 457.77 -35.53 -101.62 -10.79 -236.84
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -0.52 595.28 -108.36 -477.29 -26.94 0.22
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -0.66 721.33 -129.97 -581.05 -32.74 0.26
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -0.44 448.12 -110.34 -524.31 -29.15 0.39
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -0.34 533.99 21.04 225.42 11.1 -0.74
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -0.44 644.71 31.78 297.33 14.81 -0.94
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -0.22 371.51 51.42 354.08 18.39 -0.8
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 7.27 801.11 -28.28 -36.66 -5.75 -9.17
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -81.08 684.9 -22.29 -28.34 3.47 178.31
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -101.1 840.34 -28.52 -35.79 4.91 222.58
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -104.11 526.21 -16.95 -20.98 6.98 226.37
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 92.71 596.88 -22.96 -30.31 -12.67 -192.98
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 116.14 730.32 -29.35 -38.25 -15.27 -241.54
C30 244 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 113.13 416.19 -17.77 -23.44 -13.2 -237.75
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 5.64 748.73 -104.03 -292.79 -20.36 -6.67
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 7.29 920.13 -130.69 -366.35 -24.88 -8.65
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 4.28 606 -119.11 -351.54 -22.81 -4.86
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 6 533.04 58.78 234.14 11.16 -8
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 7.75 650.52 72.82 292.31 14.52 -10.31
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 4.74 336.39 84.4 307.12 16.6 -6.52

SUPPORT REACTION Page 44


Column Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment
Node L/C
Nos. Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN Mx kN-m My kN-m Mz kN-m
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -15.25 429.72 -12.38 -16.9 0.92 16.49
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -69.98 445.8 -10.43 -14.81 19.3 165.71
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -87.64 550.41 -13.12 -18.53 24.03 207.25
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -81.47 381.26 -8.14 -11.77 23.7 200.61
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 45.58 241.75 -9.37 -12.23 -17.83 -139.33
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 56.82 295.34 -11.81 -15.31 -22.38 -174.05
C31 245 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 62.98 126.19 -6.82 -8.54 -22.71 -180.69
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -12.52 428.92 -53.43 -147.17 -5.79 14.04
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -15.81 529.31 -66.87 -183.99 -7.33 17.66
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -9.65 360.16 -61.89 -177.22 -7.66 11.02
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -11.88 258.62 33.63 120.14 7.26 12.34
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -15.01 316.44 41.94 150.15 8.98 15.54
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -8.85 147.29 46.93 156.92 8.65 8.9
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -4.67 926.93 12.38 -32.86 10.49 3.84
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -90.15 717.94 8.31 -29.39 14.39 187.65
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -112.82 864.32 6.18 -40.13 16.96 234.79
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.9 506.79 2.92 -25.63 13.18 233.16
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 82.68 765.16 11.5 -23.18 2.39 -181.51
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 103.21 923.34 10.16 -32.38 1.96 -226.66
C20 246 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 105.13 565.81 6.89 -17.88 -1.83 -228.29
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -4.08 826.27 -93.87 -412.86 18.22 2.79
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -5.24 999.73 -121.55 -519.48 21.74 3.72
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -3.31 642.2 -124.82 -504.98 17.96 2.09
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -3.39 656.83 113.68 360.29 -1.44 3.35
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -4.37 787.93 137.9 446.97 -2.83 4.41
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -2.45 430.4 134.63 461.47 -6.61 2.78
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 12.16 725.49 -34.3 -118.05 -0.08 -15.33
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -84.8 755 -28.93 -97.09 2.16 181.36
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -106.09 921.41 -33.06 -111.06 2.94 226.9
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.92 640.16 -20.58 -67.96 2.87 232.95
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 104.25 405.77 -25.95 -91.8 -2.29 -205.89
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 130.22 484.88 -29.34 -104.44 -2.61 -257.17
C19 247 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 125.39 203.62 -16.86 -61.34 -2.68 -251.11
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 11.15 609.39 -78.48 -355.93 21.84 -14.61
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 13.84 739.39 -95 -434.61 27.54 -18.07
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 9.02 458.14 -82.52 -391.51 27.47 -12.02
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 8.31 551.39 23.6 167.05 -21.97 -9.91
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 10.29 666.9 32.6 219.11 -27.22 -12.2
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 5.46 385.64 45.08 262.21 -27.28 -6.14
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 4.76 470 41.55 36.56 -7.95 -6.59
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -68.99 99.95 33.32 28.72 -20.18 164.2
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -86.5 120.39 41.89 35.76 -24.31 205.64
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -88.3 -65.79 25.18 21.19 -21.5 208.12
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 76.6 652.04 33.16 29.78 7.46 -174.74
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 95.49 810.5 41.68 37.09 10.24 -218.04
C1 248 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 93.69 624.33 24.97 22.52 13.05 -215.56
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 3.44 303.12 -20.91 -151.56 14.11 -4.03
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 4.04 374.35 -25.9 -189.58 18.55 -4.64
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 2.24 188.17 -42.62 -204.15 21.36 -2.16
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 4.17 448.87 87.39 210.05 -26.83 -6.52
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 4.95 556.54 109.47 262.43 -32.62 -7.76
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 3.15 370.36 92.76 247.86 -29.81 -5.28
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 9.98 737.6 23.99 76.94 0.98 -12.5
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -87.34 766 23.04 69.85 -1.66 185.04
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -109.26 935.27 26.18 77.8 -2.03 231.49
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -113.22 649.12 17.64 50.83 -2.44 236.42
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 103.31 414.16 15.34 53.26 3.23 -205.04
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 129.05 495.48 16.56 57.06 4.07 -256.12
C2 249 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 125.09 209.33 8.01 30.09 3.66 -251.19
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 7.45 566.77 -28.41 -198.47 22.66 -8.64
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 9.23 686.24 -38.14 -257.6 28.37 -10.61
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 5.28 400.09 -46.69 -284.58 27.96 -5.69
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 8.51 613.39 66.8 321.58 -21.1 -11.36
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 10.55 744.51 80.88 392.46 -26.33 -14.01
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 6.6 458.36 72.33 365.49 -26.74 -9.08

SUPPORT REACTION Page 45


Column Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment
Node L/C
Nos. Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN Mx kN-m My kN-m Mz kN-m
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.06 779.08 72.69 195.86 -10.82 -2.21
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -88.42 629.08 59.13 158.85 -12.93 186.43
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -110.59 757.02 66.01 176.17 -15.42 233.17
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.99 457.12 40.1 106.78 -11.39 234
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 90.11 617.45 57.17 154.53 -4.39 -189.96
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 112.58 742.47 63.56 170.77 -4.74 -237.32
C4 250 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 112.18 442.58 37.64 101.38 -0.71 -236.49
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.46 587.34 -22.04 -283.57 1.01 -0.79
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.51 704.84 -35.45 -376.85 2.01 -0.85
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.11 404.95 -61.37 -446.24 6.04 -0.02
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.23 659.19 138.34 596.94 -18.33 -2.75
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.48 794.65 165.02 723.78 -22.17 -3.3
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 1.08 494.75 139.11 654.39 -18.14 -2.47
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.15 782.23 82.44 226.14 -0.37 -2.27
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -87.66 625.1 65.9 180.88 -5.43 185.56
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -109.66 751.79 73.77 202.18 -6.85 232.09
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.08 450.74 44.24 121.29 -6.68 232.94
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.5 626.47 66.01 180.95 4.83 -189.19
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.8 753.5 73.91 202.25 5.97 -236.33
C5 251 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.37 452.44 44.37 121.37 6.15 -235.49
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.53 587.82 -21.99 -299.12 2.71 -0.93
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.58 705.19 -36.08 -397.83 3.31 -1.01
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.15 404.13 -65.62 -478.71 3.49 -0.16
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.32 663.75 153.89 660.95 -3.3 -2.71
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.57 800.11 183.77 802.26 -4.19 -3.23
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 1.14 499.05 154.23 721.37 -4.02 -2.39
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.1 782.69 82.66 228.97 -0.59 -2.19
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -87.62 626.51 66.16 183.26 -5.59 185.54
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -109.58 753.65 74.16 205.32 -6.95 232.04
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110 452.37 44.52 123.24 -6.73 232.86
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.38 625.79 66.1 183.09 4.65 -189.04
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.67 752.76 74.08 205.1 5.84 -236.18
C6 252 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.25 451.48 44.43 123.02 6.06 -235.35
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.58 587.08 -23.6 -308.67 0.52 -1.07
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.67 704.38 -38.04 -409.6 0.68 -1.22
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.25 403.09 -67.69 -491.68 0.9 -0.39
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.18 665.22 155.86 675.02 -1.46 -2.44
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.43 802.04 186.28 820.02 -1.8 -2.93
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 1.01 500.76 156.63 737.94 -1.57 -2.1
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.29 766.71 74.04 210.13 8.14 -1.26
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -89.02 602.22 59.05 167.75 1.71 187.18
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -111.37 724.21 66.2 188.04 1.28 234.14
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -111.44 428.95 39.63 112.65 -1.64 234.58
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.48 624.52 59.42 168.47 11.32 -189.2
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.75 752.09 66.66 188.94 13.3 -236.34
C7 253 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.68 456.83 40.09 113.55 10.38 -235.9
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -0.01 573.6 -31.19 -329.19 7.79 -0.5
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -0.1 688.44 -46.59 -433.13 8.89 -0.47
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -0.18 393.18 -73.17 -508.53 5.97 -0.03
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 0.47 653.14 149.65 665.41 5.24 -1.51
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 0.49 787.87 179.46 810.12 5.69 -1.73
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.42 492.61 152.88 734.72 2.77 -1.29
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 7.06 925.33 -50.98 -38.05 2.35 -8.94
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -81.05 787.94 -40.73 -30.21 -3.73 178.24
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -101.28 951.38 -45.4 -33.52 -4.84 222.81
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -104.11 594.67 -27.21 -20 -5.71 226.38
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 92.34 692.59 -40.84 -30.67 7.49 -192.54
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 115.46 832.19 -45.54 -34.08 9.18 -240.66
C8 254 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 112.62 475.47 -27.35 -20.56 8.31 -237.09
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 5.53 694.23 -130.03 -535.52 4.72 -6.89
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 6.94 834.24 -157.03 -665.15 5.72 -8.6
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 4.11 477.52 -138.84 -651.63 4.85 -5.03
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 5.76 786.3 48.46 474.64 -0.96 -7.41
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 7.24 949.33 66.09 597.54 -1.38 -9.26
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 4.4 592.62 84.27 611.06 -2.25 -5.69

SUPPORT REACTION Page 46


Column Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment
Node L/C
Nos. Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN Mx kN-m My kN-m Mz kN-m
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -5.9 1042.14 119.44 222.46 1.65 5.91
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -90.83 791.85 94.87 175.63 -2.87 189.7
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -113.59 954.03 108.33 193.54 -3.8 237.18
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -111.21 551.49 64.66 114.96 -4.37 234.79
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 81.39 875.57 96.23 180.31 5.5 -180.24
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 101.69 1058.67 110.02 199.38 6.67 -225.24
C10 255 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 104.07 656.13 66.35 120.8 6.09 -227.63
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -4.17 756.25 -22.16 -304.89 -3.41 4
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -5.27 909.53 -37.96 -407.11 -4.48 5.06
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -2.89 506.98 -81.63 -485.7 -5.05 2.67
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -5.26 911.17 213.26 660.83 6.05 5.46
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -6.63 1103.18 256.31 800.04 7.35 6.89
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -4.25 700.64 212.64 721.45 6.77 4.5
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.36 782.2 76.94 203.07 -2.34 -1.13
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -88.69 628.01 60.31 158.92 -6.69 187.39
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -110.75 755.31 67.01 175.58 -8.54 234.1
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.94 454.31 39.58 103.58 -7.53 234.61
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.27 623.51 62.79 165.99 2.95 -189.2
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.7 749.69 70.12 184.43 3.51 -236.64
C11 256 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.51 448.69 42.69 112.42 4.51 -236.13
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.49 591.16 -18.27 -274.52 -7.71 -1.35
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.73 709.25 -31.22 -366.21 -9.8 -1.83
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.54 408.25 -58.64 -438.22 -8.8 -1.32
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 0.09 660.36 141.37 599.43 3.96 -0.46
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 0.22 795.75 168.34 726.22 4.77 -0.71
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.03 494.75 140.92 654.22 5.78 -0.2
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -1.03 703.31 51.88 141.85 8.03 0.54
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -91.69 524.24 36.25 99.43 2.32 190.97
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -114.62 632.57 39.9 109.08 2.02 238.69
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -114.2 360.33 21.31 58.42 -0.85 238.48
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 90.03 601.07 46.76 127.52 10.53 -190.11
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 112.53 728.6 53.03 144.19 12.29 -237.65
C12 257 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 112.95 456.37 34.44 93.54 9.43 -237.86
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -0.84 532.1 -23.21 -237.79 -12.63 0.13
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -1.06 642.4 -34.43 -312.45 -16.67 0.15
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -0.64 370.16 -53.01 -363.1 -19.53 -0.06
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -0.82 593.2 106.21 464.74 25.48 0.73
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -1.03 718.77 127.35 565.71 30.97 0.9
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -0.62 446.54 108.77 515.06 28.11 0.69
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 7 778.52 14.29 12.94 4.24 -8.56
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -82.07 668.48 11.73 11.14 -7.35 180.21
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -102.34 819.79 15.36 14.4 -9.63 224.95
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -105.24 514.71 9.36 9.03 -11.15 228.5
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 93.28 577.16 11.14 9.57 14.13 -193.91
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 116.84 705.63 14.62 12.43 17.22 -242.7
C13 258 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 113.94 400.55 8.62 7.06 15.7 -239.15
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 5.79 515.96 -69.69 -252.74 -12.29 -7.44
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 7.48 629.14 -86.41 -315.45 -15.81 -9.62
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 4.58 324.06 -92.4 -320.81 -17.33 -6.07
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 5.42 729.68 92.55 273.44 19.08 -6.26
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 7.02 896.28 116.38 342.27 23.4 -8.14
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 4.12 591.2 110.39 336.91 21.88 -4.59
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -15.43 548.91 32.24 33.25 -0.38 16.95
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -71.8 543.25 25.14 25.87 -15.73 168.57
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -89.91 668.07 32.08 32.77 -19.64 210.83
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -83.67 452.9 18.93 19.3 -19.49 204
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 47.11 335.01 26.44 27.33 15.12 -141.44
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 58.73 407.77 33.71 34.61 18.93 -176.69
C14 259 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 64.97 192.6 20.55 21.13 19.07 -183.51
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -12.05 404.98 -10.23 -98.77 -7.18 12.82
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -15.23 495.23 -12.12 -123.02 -8.94 16.15
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -8.99 280.07 -25.28 -136.49 -8.8 9.32
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -12.63 473.28 61.8 151.97 6.56 14.3
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -15.95 580.6 77.92 190.4 8.24 17.99
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -9.72 365.43 64.76 176.92 8.38 11.17

SUPPORT REACTION Page 47


Column Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment
Node L/C
Nos. Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN Mx kN-m My kN-m Mz kN-m
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -2.49 1101.32 22.87 2.52 -5.63 1.74
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -89.2 856.23 17.57 0.23 -15.71 187.37
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -111.66 1037.71 26.07 2.98 -18.94 234.47
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.6 610.22 15.28 0.9 -16.96 233.67
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 85.22 905.88 19.03 3.81 6.7 -184.58
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 106.36 1099.77 27.9 7.46 9.07 -230.46
C3 261 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 107.42 672.28 17.11 5.37 11.04 -231.26
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -2.53 820.61 -68.93 -367.8 6.02 2.63
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -3.33 993.19 -82.05 -457.05 8.22 3.55
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -2.27 565.69 -92.85 -459.13 10.19 2.75
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -1.45 941.5 105.53 371.83 -15.03 0.16
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -1.98 1144.3 136.03 467.48 -18.09 0.46
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -0.92 716.8 125.23 465.39 -16.11 -0.34
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -13.06 424.82 -7.99 -9.76 0.17 14.25
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -27.4 342.41 -6.43 -7.85 0.63 43.03
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -34.24 428.36 -8.11 -9.92 0.76 53.77
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -29.03 258.3 -4.89 -5.97 0.7 48.08
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 6.52 337.3 -6.34 -7.76 -0.35 -20.23
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 8.16 421.97 -7.99 -9.81 -0.45 -25.3
SC5 262 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 13.38 251.91 -4.77 -5.86 -0.52 -31
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -10.9 333.8 -23.62 -37.44 0.21 12.26
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -13.61 417.6 -29.58 -46.9 0.24 15.3
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -8.4 247.53 -26.36 -42.96 0.18 9.61
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -9.99 345.91 10.84 21.82 0.07 10.55
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -12.47 432.74 13.49 27.17 0.07 13.17
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -7.26 262.67 16.71 31.12 0.01 7.47
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -4.95 886.62 13.62 10.25 2.62 16.02
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -49.19 721.27 11.31 9.18 7.28 251.21
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -60.97 856.64 14.12 11.49 8.87 312.41
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -59.2 519.97 8.68 7.38 7.92 306.65
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 41.26 697.33 10.49 7.22 -3.1 -225.59
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 52.09 826.72 13.11 9.05 -4.1 -283.59
C16 265 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 53.86 490.05 7.66 4.94 -5.06 -289.35
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -4.03 708.26 -99.15 -287 -0.65 13.04
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -4.53 840.38 -123.95 -358.73 -1.04 14.69
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -2.75 503.71 -129.4 -362.84 -1.99 8.93
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -3.9 710.33 120.95 303.4 4.83 12.59
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -4.36 842.97 151.18 379.27 5.8 14.13
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -2.58 506.3 145.73 375.16 4.85 8.37
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -5.42 687.28 -19.74 -24.91 -0.31 8.64
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -50.29 564.59 -15.33 -19.99 24.62 220.44
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -62.41 689.67 -19.75 -25.6 30.83 274.72
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -60.43 421.18 -11.62 -15.39 30.93 271.6
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 41.63 535.06 -16.25 -19.87 -25.13 -206.62
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 52.49 652.75 -20.91 -25.45 -31.37 -259.11
C17 266 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 54.48 384.27 -12.77 -15.24 -31.26 -262.23
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -3.97 498.77 -72.37 -168.03 1.82 5.15
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -4.51 607.39 -91.05 -210.65 2.32 5.61
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -2.52 338.91 -82.92 -200.44 2.42 2.48
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -4.69 600.88 40.79 128.17 -2.32 8.67
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -5.41 735.02 50.4 159.6 -2.86 10
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -3.43 466.54 58.53 169.81 -2.75 6.88
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 4.85 365.36 -3.53 -4.07 0.06 -7.04
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -1.33 286.43 -2.67 -3.08 0.23 5.92
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -1.66 357.93 -3.35 -3.85 0.29 7.41
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -3.6 211.83 -1.94 -2.22 0.27 10.22
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 9.08 298.15 -2.98 -3.44 -0.14 -17.19
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 11.34 372.59 -3.73 -4.3 -0.18 -21.48
SC2 268 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 9.41 226.49 -2.32 -2.67 -0.2 -18.66
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 3.13 290.99 -26.91 -46.69 0.08 -4.14
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 3.9 363.63 -33.65 -58.37 0.11 -5.16
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 1.97 217.53 -32.23 -56.74 0.08 -2.35
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 4.63 293.59 21.26 40.18 0.01 -7.13
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 5.78 366.89 26.56 50.21 0.01 -8.91
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 3.84 220.79 27.98 51.84 -0.02 -6.09

SUPPORT REACTION Page 48


Column Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment
Node L/C
Nos. Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN Mx kN-m My kN-m Mz kN-m
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 5.84 704.05 -11.74 -22.67 2.64 -13.92
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -17.99 555.73 -9.87 -18.71 7.26 162.89
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -22.38 681.16 -12.45 -23.63 9.09 203.54
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -24.76 404.94 -7.71 -14.47 8.03 209.13
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 27.33 570.75 -8.92 -17.56 -3.03 -185.16
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 34.26 699.94 -11.27 -22.19 -3.79 -231.53
C15 270 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 31.89 423.72 -6.52 -13.02 -4.85 -225.93
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 5.07 563.19 -86.27 -224.04 -4.7 -11.99
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 6.44 690.49 -107.96 -280.29 -5.87 -15.07
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 4.06 414.27 -103.21 -271.12 -6.93 -9.47
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 4.27 563.29 67.48 187.77 8.93 -10.28
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 5.44 690.61 84.24 234.47 11.17 -12.93
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 3.07 414.39 88.98 243.64 10.11 -7.33
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.17 310.52 -8.69 -11.43 -0.26 -0.61
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -9.02 248.44 -7.06 -9.31 0.87 21.37
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -11.24 312.52 -8.82 -11.63 1.1 26.65
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -11.32 187.53 -5.34 -7.06 1.2 26.92
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 9.29 248.39 -6.85 -8.98 -1.28 -22.35
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 11.65 312.45 -8.56 -11.22 -1.59 -28
SC6 273 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 11.57 187.46 -5.09 -6.65 -1.49 -27.73
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -0.42 227.08 -29.72 -45.93 -0.43 0.67
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -0.49 285.82 -37.15 -57.41 -0.53 0.78
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -0.57 160.82 -33.68 -52.84 -0.43 1.05
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 0.69 269.75 15.82 27.64 0.02 -1.65
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 0.89 339.15 19.77 34.55 0.04 -2.13
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.81 214.16 23.25 39.12 0.13 -1.86
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -10.81 1018.46 -94.43 -274.94 11.16 10.93
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -89.48 817.64 -75.76 -220.5 15.97 187.41
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -111.84 983.35 -84.75 -247.35 19.06 234.27
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -107.52 591.45 -50.96 -148.69 14.96 229.89
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 72.19 811.89 -75.33 -219.4 1.88 -169.92
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 90.25 976.16 -84.23 -245.98 1.44 -212.39
C26 283 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 94.57 584.26 -50.43 -147.32 -2.66 -216.76
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -8.66 857.6 -170.99 -747.67 7.19 8.8
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -10.81 1033.3 -203.79 -906.31 8.08 11
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -6.49 641.39 -170 -807.65 3.98 6.63
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -8.63 771.94 19.9 307.77 10.66 8.7
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -10.78 926.22 34.81 412.98 12.42 10.88
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -6.46 534.31 68.61 511.65 8.32 6.51
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.36 927.08 91.73 249.7 -2.12 -2.41
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -79.96 744.4 73.56 200.06 -8.87 177.17
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -99.94 891.85 81.88 221.97 -10.52 221.49
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -100.49 536.48 49.22 133.33 -9.9 222.44
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 82.14 738.92 73.21 199.45 5.48 -181.03
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 102.68 884.99 81.44 221.21 7.41 -226.27
C9 285 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 102.13 529.62 48.77 132.57 8.04 -225.32
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.92 699.15 -23.42 -329.54 -4.93 -1.73
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 1.15 835.28 -39.34 -440.03 -5.59 -2.14
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.6 479.91 -72 -528.67 -4.97 -1.18
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.26 784.17 170.19 729.06 1.54 -2.14
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.59 941.56 202.66 883.21 2.49 -2.65
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 1.04 586.19 170 794.57 3.11 -1.69
5 1.5 (DL+LL) 2.41 263.28 0.16 2.26 -0.65 -3.98
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -7.75 211.33 0.51 2.68 -0.84 14.11
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -9.66 264.3 0.48 3.03 -0.97 17.61
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -10.63 158.93 0.48 2.26 -0.74 19.21
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 11.59 209.93 -0.26 0.93 -0.21 -20.48
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 14.52 262.55 -0.48 0.84 -0.18 -25.62
SC1 363 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 13.55 157.18 -0.48 0.07 0.05 -24.02
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 2.81 214.61 -10.56 -21.67 -0.82 -3.75
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 3.54 268.4 -13.36 -27.41 -0.94 -4.72
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 2.57 163.03 -13.36 -28.19 -0.71 -3.11
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.04 206.65 10.81 25.29 -0.23 -2.62
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.32 258.44 13.36 31.28 -0.21 -3.3
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.35 153.08 13.36 30.51 0.02 -1.69

SUPPORT REACTION Page 49


Column Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment
Node L/C
Nos. Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN Mx kN-m My kN-m Mz kN-m
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -6.67 202.31 -4.91 -10.78 1.32 6.23
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -12.97 164.53 -3.75 -8.23 1.01 19.34
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -16.22 205.66 -4.28 -9.3 1.12 24.19
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -13.55 124.74 -2.48 -5.38 0.65 21.69
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 2.3 159.17 -4.11 -9.01 1.1 -9.37
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 2.88 198.96 -4.73 -10.27 1.24 -11.71
SC3 364 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 5.54 118.04 -2.93 -6.35 0.77 -14.2
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -6.2 162.15 -15.83 -38.58 1.21 6.61
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -7.75 202.69 -19.38 -47.23 1.37 8.27
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -5.08 121.77 -17.58 -43.32 0.9 5.78
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -4.47 161.54 7.97 21.34 0.9 3.36
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -5.59 201.93 10.37 27.67 0.99 4.21
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -2.92 121 12.17 31.58 0.52 1.71
5 1.5 (DL+LL) -1.72 128.3 1.5 5.26 0 -0.32
6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -4.87 104.35 1.18 4.11 0 7.5
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -6.03 131.41 1.23 4.3 0 9.28
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -5.37 79.7 0.72 2.53 0 9.44
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 2.12 100.93 1.23 4.3 0 -8.01
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 2.72 127.14 1.29 4.53 0 -10.12
SC4 368 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 3.38 75.43 0.79 2.77 0 -9.95
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -0.41 138.32 -4.59 -16.07 0 -1
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -0.44 173.87 -5.98 -20.94 0 -1.36
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.22 122.16 -6.49 -22.7 0 -1.19
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -2.35 66.96 7 24.49 0 0.5
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -2.87 84.68 8.5 29.77 0 0.52
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -2.21 32.97 8 28 0 0.69

SUPPORT REACTION Page 50


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F1
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C18
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 2.8 m
Width Of Footing W = 5 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.7 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

2.13

W
Wp

2.13
Z

1.15 Lp 1.15
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 2.8 x 5 x 0.7
= 245 kN

Weight of Soil = [(2.8 x 5) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.7 ) x 18


= 318.83 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 245 + 0 + 318.825
= 563.83 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
234 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 5.35 390.53 -27.71 -41.79 9.49 -7.62
F1-C18 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -67.74 36.24 -22.43 -33.29 17.03 161.92
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -84.93 40.82 -28.48 -41.91 20.24 202.77
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -86.97 -113.6 -17.22 -25.08 16.86 205.67
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 76.3 588.61 -21.91 -33.58 -1.84 -174.11
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 95.12 731.29 -27.82 -42.27 -3.33 -217.27
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 93.08 576.87 -16.56 -25.43 -6.72 -214.37
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 4.43 383.04 -76.13 -213.92 28.8 -7.04
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 5.29 474.33 -95.59 -267.7 34.96 -8.43
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 3.25 319.91 -84.34 -250.86 31.58 -5.53
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 4.12 241.8 31.79 147.05 -13.61 -5.15
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 4.9 297.78 39.3 183.52 -18.05 -6.07
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 2.87 143.36 50.56 200.35 -21.43 -3.17

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 2.8 x 5
A = 14 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 2.8 x 5 x 5


Zxx = 11.67 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 5 x 2.8 x 2.8


Zzz = 6.53 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 390.529 + 563.83


= 954.36 kN

P/A = 954.359 / (2.8 x 5 )


= 68.17 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 41.793 / 11.667


Mxx/Zxx = 3.583 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 7.619 / 6.534


Mzz/Zzz = 1.167 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 68.169 + 3.583 + 1.167

pmax = 72.92 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 68.169 - 3.583 - 1.167

pmin = 63.42 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 42.49 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 390.529 x 2.8 / 2


= 546.75 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.4


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 245 x 1.4


= 343 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 318.825 x 1.4


= 446.36 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 546.75 + 0 + 343 + 446.36


= 1336.11 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1336.11 / 42.49


= 31.45 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 28.23 kN

Total Vertical Load = 954.36 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 954.359 x 0.5 / 28.23


= 16.91 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
234 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
954.36 68.17 3.59 1.17 72.93 140 63.41 SAFE
F1-C18 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
600.07 42.86 2.86 24.79 70.51 166 15.22 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
604.65 43.19 3.6 31.04 77.83 166 8.55 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
450.23 32.16 2.15 31.48 65.79 166 -1.48 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 82.32 2.88 26.65 111.85 166 52.79 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 92.51 3.63 33.26 129.4 166 55.62 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
1140.7 81.48 2.18 32.81 116.47 166 46.49 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
946.87 67.63 18.34 1.08 87.05 166 48.22 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 74.15 22.95 1.29 98.39 166 49.92 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
883.74 63.12 21.51 0.85 85.48 166 40.77 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
805.63 57.55 12.61 0.79 70.95 166 44.15 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
861.61 61.54 15.73 0.93 78.2 166 44.89 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
707.19 50.51 17.18 0.49 68.18 166 32.85 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 72.93 kN/m2 pmax = 129.4 kN/m2
pmin = 63.41 kN/m2 pmin = -1.48 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
234 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
68.17 3.59 1.17 72.93 65.75 63.41 70.59
F1-C18 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
42.86 2.86 24.79 70.51 64.79 15.21 20.93
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
43.19 3.6 31.04 77.83 70.63 8.55 15.75
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
32.16 2.15 31.48 65.79 61.49 -1.47 2.83
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
82.32 2.88 26.65 111.85 106.09 52.79 58.55
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
92.51 3.63 33.26 129.4 122.14 55.62 62.88
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
81.48 2.18 32.81 116.47 112.11 46.49 50.85
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
67.63 18.34 1.08 87.05 50.37 48.21 84.89
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
74.15 22.95 1.29 98.4 52.5 49.92 95.82
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
63.12 21.51 0.85 85.49 42.47 40.77 83.79
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
57.55 12.61 0.79 70.95 45.73 44.15 69.37
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
61.54 15.73 0.93 78.2 46.74 44.88 76.34
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
50.51 17.18 0.49 68.18 33.82 32.84 67.2
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

234 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


42.48 789.36 546.75 31.46 SAFE 28.22 954.36 16.91 SAFE
F1-C18 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
165.31 789.36 50.74 5.09 SAFE 71.36 600.07 4.21 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
207.06 789.36 57.16 4.09 SAFE 89.58 604.65 3.38 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
207.2 789.36 -159.04 3.05 SAFE 88.66 450.23 2.54 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
177.32 789.36 824.06 9.1 SAFE 79.38 1152.44 7.26 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
221.34 789.36 1023.81 8.2 SAFE 99.1 1295.12 6.54 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
215.87 789.36 807.62 7.4 SAFE 94.54 1140.7 6.04 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
214.03 789.36 536.27 6.2 SAFE 76.26 946.87 6.21 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
267.83 789.36 664.07 5.43 SAFE 95.74 1038.16 5.43 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
250.92 789.36 447.88 4.94 SAFE 84.4 883.74 5.24 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
147.14 789.36 338.53 7.67 SAFE 32.05 805.63 12.57 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
183.62 789.36 416.9 6.57 SAFE 39.6 861.61 10.88 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
200.38 789.36 200.71 4.95 SAFE 50.64 707.19 6.99 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 2800 mm
Width = 5000 mm
Effective Depth = 625 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.19 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 731.29 kN
Punching Shear,P = 731.29 x (( 2.8 x 5 ) - ( 1.125 x 1.375 ))
( 2.8 * 5 )
P = 650.49 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1125 mm


Width of critical section = 1375 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 5000 mm

Depth 650490
Required = 1.37 x5000
= 94.96 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 5000 x 625 / 1000
4281 kN
129.4 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1500
0 2125 109.44 kN/m2
625

101.13 kN/m2
d 700 5000
750

500
200 62.88 kN/m2
1150
625 525

2800

122.14 kN/m2 129.4 kN/m2

126.42 kN/m2 128.04 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 128.038 - 25 x 0.7 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.7 )
87.14 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 2800 mm
Width at critical section = 1500 mm
Shear Force = 87.138 x 2.8 x 1.5
= 365.98 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 109.443 - 25 x 0.7 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.7 )
68.54 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 5000 mm
Width at critical section = 525 mm
Shear Force = 68.543 x 5 x 0.525
= 179.93 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 365.98 kN


Corresponding Length = 5000 mm

% Ast = 0.19
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.35 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.354 x 1
= 0.44 N/mm2
Depth Required = 365980
0.4425 x 5000
= 241 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 129.4 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 245 + 318.825 ) / ( 2.8 x 5 )
= 40.27
Net causing moment = 89.13 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 2.13 m

Bending Moment = 89.129 x 2.125 x 2.125 / 2


= 201.24 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1380.55 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1250 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 145 mm
Provide Spacing = 165

Area Provided = 1217.94 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 563.83 kN

Area Load = 563.825 / (2.8 x 5)

40.27 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 2.13 m

Bending Moment = 40.27 x 2.125 x 2.125 / 2

= 90.92 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 612.99 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 625 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 180
mm
Provide Spacing = 215
mm
Area Provided = 525.77 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 2800 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 5000 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 700 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F1
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C1
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 2.8 m
Width Of Footing W = 5 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

2.13

W
Wp

2.13
Z

1.15 Lp 1.15
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 2.8 x 5 x 0.6
= 210 kN

Weight of Soil = [(2.8 x 5) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 343.35 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 210 + 0 + 343.35
= 553.35 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
248 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 4.76 470 41.55 36.56 -7.95 -6.59
F1-C1 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -68.99 99.95 33.32 28.72 -20.18 164.2
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -86.5 120.39 41.89 35.76 -24.31 205.64
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -88.3 -65.79 25.18 21.19 -21.5 208.12
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 76.6 652.04 33.16 29.78 7.46 -174.74
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 95.49 810.5 41.68 37.09 10.24 -218.04
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 93.69 624.33 24.97 22.52 13.05 -215.56
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 3.44 303.12 -20.91 -151.56 14.11 -4.03
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 4.04 374.35 -25.9 -189.58 18.55 -4.64
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 2.24 188.17 -42.62 -204.15 21.36 -2.16
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 4.17 448.87 87.39 210.05 -26.83 -6.52
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 4.95 556.54 109.47 262.43 -32.62 -7.76
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 3.15 370.36 92.76 247.86 -29.81 -5.28

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 2.8 x 5
A = 14 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 2.8 x 5 x 5


Zxx = 11.67 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 5 x 2.8 x 2.8


Zzz = 6.53 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 469.998 + 553.35


= 1023.35 kN

P/A = 1023.348 / (2.8 x 5 )


= 73.1 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 36.559 / 11.667


Mxx/Zxx = 3.134 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 6.588 / 6.534


Mzz/Zzz = 1.009 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 73.096 + 3.134 + 1.009

pmax = 77.24 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 73.096 - 3.134 - 1.009

pmin = 68.96 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 37.15 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 469.998 x 2.8 / 2


= 658 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.4


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 210 x 1.4


= 294 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 343.35 x 1.4


= 480.69 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 658 + 0 + 294 + 480.69


= 1432.69 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1432.69 / 37.15


= 38.57 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 41.82 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1023.35 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1023.348 x 0.5 / 41.82


= 12.24 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
248 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 73.1 3.14 1.01 77.25 140 68.95 SAFE
F1-C1 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
653.3 46.66 2.47 25.13 74.26 166 19.07 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
673.74 48.12 3.07 31.48 82.67 166 13.58 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
487.56 34.83 1.82 31.86 68.51 166 1.15 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 86.1 2.56 26.75 115.41 166 56.79 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 97.42 3.18 33.37 133.97 166 60.87 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 84.12 1.93 32.99 119.04 166 49.2 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
856.47 61.18 13 0.62 74.8 166 47.56 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
927.7 66.26 16.25 0.72 83.23 166 49.3 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
741.52 52.97 17.5 0.34 70.81 166 35.13 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 71.59 18.01 1 90.6 166 52.58 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 79.28 22.5 1.19 102.97 166 55.59 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
923.71 65.98 21.25 0.81 88.04 166 43.92 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 77.25 kN/m2 pmax = 133.97 kN/m2
pmin = 68.95 kN/m2 pmin = 1.15 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
248 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
73.1 3.14 1.01 77.25 70.97 68.95 75.23
F1-C1 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
46.66 2.47 25.13 74.27 69.33 19.07 24.01
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
48.12 3.07 31.48 82.68 76.54 13.58 19.72
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
34.83 1.82 31.86 68.51 64.87 1.15 4.79
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
86.1 2.56 26.75 115.41 110.29 56.79 61.91
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
97.42 3.18 33.37 133.97 127.61 60.87 67.23
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
84.12 1.93 32.99 119.04 115.18 49.2 53.06
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
61.18 13 0.62 74.8 48.8 47.56 73.56
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
66.26 16.25 0.72 83.24 50.74 49.3 81.8
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
52.97 17.5 0.34 70.81 35.81 35.13 70.13
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
71.59 18.01 1 90.6 54.58 52.58 88.6
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
79.28 22.5 1.19 102.97 57.97 55.59 100.59
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
65.98 21.25 0.81 88.04 45.54 43.92 86.42
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

248 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


37.15 774.69 658 38.57 SAFE 41.82 1023.35 12.24 SAFE
F1-C1 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
166.69 774.69 139.94 5.49 SAFE 76.62 653.3 4.27 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
208.72 774.69 168.55 4.52 SAFE 96.11 673.74 3.51 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
209.19 774.69 -92.11 3.27 SAFE 91.82 487.56 2.66 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
177.26 774.69 912.87 9.53 SAFE 83.47 1205.39 7.23 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
221.17 774.69 1134.71 8.64 SAFE 104.19 1363.85 6.55 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
216.73 774.69 874.06 7.61 SAFE 96.96 1177.68 6.08 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
151.61 774.69 424.38 7.91 SAFE 21.19 856.47 20.21 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
189.64 774.69 524.1 6.85 SAFE 26.21 927.7 17.7 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
204.16 774.69 263.45 5.09 SAFE 42.67 741.52 8.69 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
210.15 774.69 628.43 6.68 SAFE 87.49 1002.22 5.73 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
262.54 774.69 779.16 5.92 SAFE 109.58 1109.89 5.07 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
247.92 774.69 518.51 5.22 SAFE 92.81 923.71 4.98 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 2800 mm
Width = 5000 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.34 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 810.5 kN
Punching Shear,P = 810.504 x (( 2.8 x 5 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 2.8 * 5 )
P = 734.85 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 734850
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 116.61 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
133.97 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1600
0 2125 112.61 kN/m2
525

105.61 kN/m2
d 600 5000
750

500
200 67.23 kN/m2
1150
525 625

2800

127.61 kN/m2 133.97 kN/m2

131.36 kN/m2 132.55 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 132.55 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
92.35 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 2800 mm
Width at critical section = 1600 mm
Shear Force = 92.35 x 2.8 x 1.6
= 413.73 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 112.613 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
72.41 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 5000 mm
Width at critical section = 625 mm
Shear Force = 72.413 x 5 x 0.625
= 226.29 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 413.73 kN


Corresponding Length = 2800 mm

% Ast = 0.34
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.42 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4168 x 1
= 0.52 N/mm2
Depth Required = 413728
0.521 x 2800
= 359 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 133.97 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 210 + 343.35 ) / ( 2.8 x 5 )
= 39.53
Net causing moment = 94.44 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 2.13 m

Bending Moment = 94.439 x 2.125 x 2.125 / 2


= 213.23 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1770.85 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 177 mm
Provide Spacing = 175

Area Provided = 1794.29 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 26-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 553.35 kN

Area Load = 553.35 / (2.8 x 5)

39.53 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 2.13 m

Bending Moment = 39.53 x 2.125 x 2.125 / 2

= 89.25 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 720.3 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 156
mm
Provide Spacing = 155
mm
Area Provided = 729.29 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 2800 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 5000 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F2
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C19
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 2.75 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.13 Lp 1.13
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 2.75 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 189.75 kN

Weight of Soil = [(2.75 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 309.33 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 189.75 + 0 + 309.33
= 499.08 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
247 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 12.16 725.49 -34.3 -118.05 -0.08 -15.33
F2-C19 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -84.8 755 -28.93 -97.09 2.16 181.36
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -106.09 921.41 -33.06 -111.06 2.94 226.9
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.92 640.16 -20.58 -67.96 2.87 232.95
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 104.25 405.77 -25.95 -91.8 -2.29 -205.89
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 130.22 484.88 -29.34 -104.44 -2.61 -257.17
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 125.39 203.62 -16.86 -61.34 -2.68 -251.11
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 11.15 609.39 -78.48 -355.93 21.84 -14.61
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 13.84 739.39 -95 -434.61 27.54 -18.07
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 9.02 458.14 -82.52 -391.51 27.47 -12.02
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 8.31 551.39 23.6 167.05 -21.97 -9.91
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 10.29 666.9 32.6 219.11 -27.22 -12.2
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 5.46 385.64 45.08 262.21 -27.28 -6.14

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 2.75 x 4.6
A = 12.65 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 2.75 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 9.7 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 2.75 x 2.75


Zzz = 5.8 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 725.486 + 499.08


= 1224.57 kN

P/A = 1224.566 / (2.75 x 4.6 )


= 96.8 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 118.054 / 9.699


Mxx/Zxx = 12.172 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 15.328 / 5.798


Mzz/Zzz = 2.644 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 96.804 + 12.172 + 2.644

pmax = 111.62 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 96.804 - 12.172 - 2.644

pmin = 81.99 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 119.05 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 725.486 x 2.75 / 2


= 997.55 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.375


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 189.75 x 1.375


= 260.91 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 309.33 x 1.375


= 425.33 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 997.55 + 0 + 260.91 + 425.33


= 1683.79 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1683.79 / 119.05


= 14.14 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 36.4 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1224.57 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1224.566 x 0.5 / 36.4


= 16.83 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
247 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 96.8 12.18 2.65 111.63 140 81.98 SAFE
F2-C19 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 99.14 10.02 31.29 140.45 166 57.83 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 112.29 11.46 39.14 162.89 166 61.7 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 90.06 7.01 40.18 137.25 166 42.87 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
904.85 71.53 9.47 35.52 116.52 166 26.54 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
983.96 77.78 10.77 44.36 132.91 166 22.66 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
702.7 55.55 6.33 43.32 105.2 166 5.9 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 87.63 36.7 2.53 126.86 166 48.4 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 97.9 44.81 3.12 145.83 166 49.98 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
957.22 75.67 40.37 2.08 118.12 166 33.22 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 83.04 17.23 1.71 101.98 166 64.11 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 92.17 22.6 2.11 116.88 166 67.47 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
884.72 69.94 27.04 1.06 98.04 166 41.84 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 111.63 kN/m2 pmax = 162.89 kN/m2
pmin = 81.98 kN/m2 pmin = 5.9 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
247 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
96.8 12.18 2.65 111.63 87.27 81.97 106.33
F2-C19 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
99.14 10.02 31.29 140.45 120.41 57.83 77.87
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
112.29 11.46 39.14 162.89 139.97 61.69 84.61
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
90.06 7.01 40.18 137.25 123.23 42.87 56.89
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
71.53 9.47 35.52 116.52 97.58 26.54 45.48
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
77.78 10.77 44.36 132.91 111.37 22.65 44.19
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
55.55 6.33 43.32 105.2 92.54 5.9 18.56
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
87.63 36.7 2.53 126.86 53.46 48.4 121.8
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
97.9 44.81 3.12 145.83 56.21 49.97 139.59
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
75.67 40.37 2.08 118.12 37.38 33.22 113.96
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
83.04 17.23 1.71 101.98 67.52 64.1 98.56
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
92.17 22.6 2.11 116.88 71.68 67.46 112.66
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
69.94 27.04 1.06 98.04 43.96 41.84 95.92
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

247 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


119.04 686.24 997.55 14.15 SAFE 36.39 1224.57 16.83 SAFE
F2-C19 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
205.72 686.24 1038.14 8.39 SAFE 89.59 1254.08 7 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
252.62 686.24 1266.95 7.74 SAFE 111.12 1420.49 6.4 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
242.66 686.24 880.22 6.46 SAFE 112.81 1139.24 5.05 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
225.43 686.24 557.94 5.52 SAFE 107.43 904.85 4.22 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
277.56 686.24 666.71 4.88 SAFE 133.48 983.96 3.69 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
258.5 686.24 279.98 3.74 SAFE 126.52 702.7 2.78 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
356.23 686.24 837.91 4.28 SAFE 79.27 1108.47 7 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
434.99 686.24 1016.67 3.92 SAFE 96 1238.47 6.46 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
391.7 686.24 629.94 3.37 SAFE 83.01 957.22 5.77 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
167.34 686.24 758.17 8.64 SAFE 25.01 1050.47 21 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
219.45 686.24 916.99 7.31 SAFE 34.18 1165.98 17.06 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
262.28 686.24 530.26 4.64 SAFE 45.41 884.72 9.75 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 2750 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.37 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 921.41 kN
Punching Shear,P = 921.414 x (( 2.75 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 2.75 * 4.6 )
P = 826.23 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 826230
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 131.11 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
162.89 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 139.07 kN/m2
525

130.14 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 84.61 kN/m2
1125
525 600

2750

139.97 kN/m2 162.89 kN/m2

153.52 kN/m2 157.89 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 157.893 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
117.69 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 2750 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 117.693 x 2.75 x 1.4
= 453.12 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 139.069 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
98.87 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 600 mm
Shear Force = 98.869 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 272.88 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 453.12 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.37
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.43 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4324 x 1
= 0.54 N/mm2
Depth Required = 453119
0.5405 x 4600
= 258 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 162.89 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 189.75 + 309.33 ) / ( 2.75 x 4.6 )
= 39.45
Net causing moment = 123.44 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 123.443 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 228.72 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1906.65 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 164 mm
Provide Spacing = 160

Area Provided = 1962.5 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 499.08 kN

Area Load = 499.08 / (2.75 x 4.6)

39.45 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.45 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.09 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 587.79 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 192
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 2750 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F2
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C2
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 2.75 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.13 Lp 1.13
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 2.75 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 189.75 kN

Weight of Soil = [(2.75 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 309.33 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 189.75 + 0 + 309.33
= 499.08 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
249 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 9.98 737.6 23.99 76.94 0.98 -12.5
F2-C2 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -87.34 766 23.04 69.85 -1.66 185.04
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -109.26 935.27 26.18 77.8 -2.03 231.49
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -113.22 649.12 17.64 50.83 -2.44 236.42
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 103.31 414.16 15.34 53.26 3.23 -205.04
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 129.05 495.48 16.56 57.06 4.07 -256.12
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 125.09 209.33 8.01 30.09 3.66 -251.19
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 7.45 566.77 -28.41 -198.47 22.66 -8.64
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 9.23 686.24 -38.14 -257.6 28.37 -10.61
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 5.28 400.09 -46.69 -284.58 27.96 -5.69
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 8.51 613.39 66.8 321.58 -21.1 -11.36
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 10.55 744.51 80.88 392.46 -26.33 -14.01
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 6.6 458.36 72.33 365.49 -26.74 -9.08

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 2.75 x 4.6
A = 12.65 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 2.75 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 9.7 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 2.75 x 2.75


Zzz = 5.8 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 737.599 + 499.08


= 1236.68 kN

P/A = 1236.679 / (2.75 x 4.6 )


= 97.76 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 76.942 / 9.699


Mxx/Zxx = 7.933 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 12.5 / 5.798


Mzz/Zzz = 2.156 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 97.761 + 7.933 + 2.156

pmax = 107.85 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 97.761 - 7.933 - 2.156

pmin = 87.68 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 77.96 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 737.599 x 2.75 / 2


= 1014.2 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.375


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 189.75 x 1.375


= 260.91 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 309.33 x 1.375


= 425.33 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1014.2 + 0 + 260.91 + 425.33


= 1700.44 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1700.44 / 77.96


= 21.81 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 25.99 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1236.68 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1236.679 x 0.5 / 25.99


= 23.8 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
249 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 97.76 7.94 2.16 107.86 140 87.67 SAFE
F2-C2 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 100.01 7.21 31.92 139.14 166 60.88 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 113.39 8.03 39.93 161.35 166 65.43 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
1148.2 90.77 5.25 40.78 136.8 166 44.74 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
913.24 72.19 5.5 35.37 113.06 166 31.33 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
994.56 78.62 5.89 44.18 128.69 166 28.56 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
708.41 56 3.11 43.33 102.44 166 9.57 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 84.26 20.47 1.5 106.23 166 62.29 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 93.7 26.56 1.84 122.1 166 65.31 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
899.17 71.08 29.35 0.99 101.42 166 40.75 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 87.94 33.16 1.96 123.06 166 52.83 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 98.31 40.47 2.42 141.2 166 55.42 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
957.44 75.69 37.69 1.57 114.95 166 36.43 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 107.86 kN/m2 pmax = 161.35 kN/m2
pmin = 87.67 kN/m2 pmin = 9.57 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
249 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
97.76 7.94 2.16 107.86 91.98 87.66 103.54
F2-C2 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
100.01 7.21 31.92 139.14 124.72 60.88 75.3
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
113.39 8.03 39.93 161.35 145.29 65.43 81.49
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
90.77 5.25 40.78 136.8 126.3 44.74 55.24
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
72.19 5.5 35.37 113.06 102.06 31.32 42.32
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
78.62 5.89 44.18 128.69 116.91 28.55 40.33
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
56 3.11 43.33 102.44 96.22 9.56 15.78
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
84.26 20.47 1.5 106.23 65.29 62.29 103.23
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
93.7 26.56 1.84 122.1 68.98 65.3 118.42
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
71.08 29.35 0.99 101.42 42.72 40.74 99.44
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
87.94 33.16 1.96 123.06 56.74 52.82 119.14
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
98.31 40.47 2.42 141.2 60.26 55.42 136.36
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
75.69 37.69 1.57 114.95 39.57 36.43 111.81
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

249 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


77.95 686.24 1014.2 21.82 SAFE 25.98 1236.68 23.8 SAFE
F2-C2 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
197.79 686.24 1053.25 8.8 SAFE 90.33 1265.08 7.01 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
244.22 686.24 1286.01 8.08 SAFE 112.35 1434.35 6.39 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
241.82 686.24 892.55 6.53 SAFE 114.58 1148.2 5.02 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
211.85 686.24 569.48 5.93 SAFE 104.44 913.24 4.38 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
262.39 686.24 681.29 5.22 SAFE 130.11 994.56 3.83 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
252.99 686.24 287.83 3.86 SAFE 125.35 708.41 2.83 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
198.66 686.24 779.31 7.38 SAFE 29.37 1065.85 18.15 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
257.82 686.24 943.59 6.33 SAFE 39.24 1185.32 15.11 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
284.63 686.24 550.13 4.35 SAFE 46.98 899.17 9.57 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
321.78 686.24 843.41 4.76 SAFE 67.34 1112.47 8.27 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
392.71 686.24 1023.71 4.36 SAFE 81.56 1243.59 7.63 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
365.6 686.24 630.25 3.61 SAFE 72.63 957.44 6.6 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 2750 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.36 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 935.27 kN
Punching Shear,P = 935.274 x (( 2.75 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 2.75 * 4.6 )
P = 838.66 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 838660
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 133.08 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
161.35 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 137.04 kN/m2
525

127.93 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 81.49 kN/m2
1125
525 600

2750

145.29 kN/m2 161.35 kN/m2

154.78 kN/m2 157.84 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 157.844 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
117.64 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 2750 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 117.644 x 2.75 x 1.4
= 452.93 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 137.043 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
96.84 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 600 mm
Shear Force = 96.843 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 267.29 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 452.93 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.36
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.43 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4272 x 1
= 0.53 N/mm2
Depth Required = 452930
0.534 x 4600
= 260 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 161.35 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 189.75 + 309.33 ) / ( 2.75 x 4.6 )
= 39.45
Net causing moment = 121.9 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 121.898 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 225.85 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1881.41 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 166 mm
Provide Spacing = 165

Area Provided = 1903.03 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 499.08 kN

Area Load = 499.08 / (2.75 x 4.6)

39.45 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.45 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.09 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 587.79 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 192
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 2750 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C3
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
261 5 1.5 (DL+LL) -2.49 1101.32 22.87 2.52 -5.63 1.74
F3-C3 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -89.2 856.23 17.57 0.23 -15.71 187.37
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -111.66 1037.71 26.07 2.98 -18.94 234.47
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.6 610.22 15.28 0.9 -16.96 233.67
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 85.22 905.88 19.03 3.81 6.7 -184.58
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 106.36 1099.77 27.9 7.46 9.07 -230.46
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 107.42 672.28 17.11 5.37 11.04 -231.26
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -2.53 820.61 -68.93 -367.8 6.02 2.63
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -3.33 993.19 -82.05 -457.05 8.22 3.55
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -2.27 565.69 -92.85 -459.13 10.19 2.75
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -1.45 941.5 105.53 371.83 -15.03 0.16
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -1.98 1144.3 136.03 467.48 -18.09 0.46
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -0.92 716.8 125.23 465.39 -16.11 -0.34

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 1101.318 + 600.79


= 1702.11 kN

P/A = 1702.108 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 112.13 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 2.52 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 0.217 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 1.741 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.209 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 112.128 + 0.217 + 0.209

pmax = 112.56 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 112.128 - 0.217 - 0.209

pmin = 111.71 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 3.07 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 1101.318 x 3.3 / 2


= 1817.18 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1817.18 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2808.49 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2808.49 / 3.07


= 914.82 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 23.01 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1702.11 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1702.108 x 0.5 / 23.01


= 36.99 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
261 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 112.13 0.22 0.21 112.56 140 111.7 SAFE
F3-C3 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 95.98 0.02 22.45 118.45 166 73.52 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
1638.5 107.94 0.26 28.09 136.29 166 79.59 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 79.78 0.08 27.99 107.85 166 51.71 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 99.25 0.33 22.11 121.69 166 76.82 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 112.03 0.65 27.61 140.29 166 83.77 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 83.86 0.47 27.7 112.03 166 55.7 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
1421.4 93.64 31.61 0.32 125.57 166 61.71 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 105 39.28 0.43 144.71 166 65.3 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 76.84 39.46 0.33 116.63 166 37.06 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 101.6 31.95 0.02 133.57 166 69.64 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 114.96 40.17 0.06 155.19 166 74.73 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 86.8 39.99 0.05 126.84 166 46.76 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 112.56 kN/m2 pmax = 155.19 kN/m2
pmin = 111.7 kN/m2 pmin = 37.06 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
261 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
112.13 0.22 0.21 112.56 112.12 111.7 112.14
F3-C3 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
95.98 0.02 22.45 118.45 118.41 73.51 73.55
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
107.94 0.26 28.09 136.29 135.77 79.59 80.11
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
79.78 0.08 27.99 107.85 107.69 51.71 51.87
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
99.25 0.33 22.11 121.69 121.03 76.81 77.47
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
112.03 0.65 27.61 140.29 138.99 83.77 85.07
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
83.86 0.47 27.7 112.04 111.1 55.7 56.64
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
93.64 31.61 0.32 125.57 62.35 61.71 124.93
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
105 39.28 0.43 144.72 66.16 65.3 143.86
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
76.84 39.46 0.33 116.63 37.71 37.05 115.97
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
101.6 31.95 0.02 133.57 69.67 69.63 133.53
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
114.96 40.17 0.06 155.19 74.85 74.73 155.07
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
86.8 39.99 0.05 126.84 46.86 46.76 126.74
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

261 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


3.06 991.31 1817.18 916.94 SAFE 23.01 1702.11 36.99 SAFE
F3-C3 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
187.37 991.31 1412.78 12.84 SAFE 90.91 1457.02 8.02 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
234.49 991.31 1712.23 11.53 SAFE 114.67 1638.5 7.15 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
233.67 991.31 1006.86 8.56 SAFE 111.65 1211.01 5.43 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
184.62 991.31 1494.71 13.47 SAFE 87.32 1506.67 8.63 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
230.58 991.31 1814.63 12.17 SAFE 109.96 1700.56 7.74 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
231.33 991.31 1109.26 9.09 SAFE 108.78 1273.07 5.86 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
367.8 991.31 1354.01 6.38 SAFE 68.98 1421.4 10.31 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
457.06 991.31 1638.76 5.76 SAFE 82.12 1593.98 9.71 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
459.14 991.31 933.39 4.2 SAFE 92.88 1166.48 6.28 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
371.83 991.31 1553.48 6.85 SAFE 105.54 1542.29 7.31 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
467.48 991.31 1888.1 6.16 SAFE 136.04 1745.09 6.42 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
465.39 991.31 1182.73 4.68 SAFE 125.24 1317.59 5.27 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.34 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 1144.3 kN
Punching Shear,P = 1144.301 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 1045.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 1045790
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 165.95 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
155.19 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 155.15 kN/m2
525

155.14 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 155.07 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

74.85 kN/m2 155.19 kN/m2

121.11 kN/m2 133.89 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 133.888 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
93.69 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 93.688 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 432.84 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 155.154 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
114.95 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 114.954 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 462.69 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 462.69 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.34
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.42 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4168 x 1
= 0.52 N/mm2
Depth Required = 462690
0.521 x 4600
= 269 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 155.19 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 115.61 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 115.61 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 214.2 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1779.33 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 176 mm
Provide Spacing = 175

Area Provided = 1794.29 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C4
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
250 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.06 779.08 72.69 195.86 -10.82 -2.21
F3-C4 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -88.42 629.08 59.13 158.85 -12.93 186.43
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -110.59 757.02 66.01 176.17 -15.42 233.17
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.99 457.12 40.1 106.78 -11.39 234
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 90.11 617.45 57.17 154.53 -4.39 -189.96
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 112.58 742.47 63.56 170.77 -4.74 -237.32
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 112.18 442.58 37.64 101.38 -0.71 -236.49
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.46 587.34 -22.04 -283.57 1.01 -0.79
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.51 704.84 -35.45 -376.85 2.01 -0.85
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.11 404.95 -61.37 -446.24 6.04 -0.02
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.23 659.19 138.34 596.94 -18.33 -2.75
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.48 794.65 165.02 723.78 -22.17 -3.3
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 1.08 494.75 139.11 654.39 -18.14 -2.47

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 779.083 + 600.79


= 1379.87 kN

P/A = 1379.873 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 90.9 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 195.858 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 16.830 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 2.209 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.265 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 90.901 + 16.83 + 0.265

pmax = 108.00 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 90.901 - 16.83 - 0.265

pmin = 73.81 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 195.88 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 779.083 x 3.3 / 2


= 1285.49 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1285.49 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2276.8 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2276.8 / 195.88


= 11.62 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 72.7 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1379.87 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1379.873 x 0.5 / 72.7


= 9.5 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
250 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 90.9 16.83 0.27 108 140 73.81 SAFE
F3-C4 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 81.02 13.65 22.33 117 166 45.04 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 89.45 15.14 27.93 132.52 166 46.38 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 69.69 9.18 28.03 106.9 166 32.49 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 80.25 13.28 22.76 116.29 166 44.22 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 88.49 14.68 28.43 131.6 166 45.38 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 68.73 8.72 28.33 105.78 166 31.69 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 78.27 24.37 0.1 102.74 166 53.8 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 86.01 32.39 0.11 118.51 166 53.52 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 66.25 38.35 0.01 104.61 166 27.9 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 83 51.3 0.33 134.63 166 31.38 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 91.93 62.2 0.4 154.53 166 29.33 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 72.17 56.23 0.3 128.7 166 15.64 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 108 kN/m2 pmax = 154.53 kN/m2
pmin = 73.81 kN/m2 pmin = 15.64 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
250 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
90.9 16.83 0.27 108 74.34 73.8 107.46
F3-C4 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
81.02 13.65 22.33 117 89.7 45.04 72.34
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
89.45 15.14 27.93 132.52 102.24 46.38 76.66
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
69.69 9.18 28.03 106.9 88.54 32.48 50.84
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
80.25 13.28 22.76 116.29 89.73 44.21 70.77
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
88.49 14.68 28.43 131.6 102.24 45.38 74.74
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
68.73 8.72 28.33 105.78 88.34 31.68 49.12
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
78.27 24.37 0.1 102.74 54 53.8 102.54
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
86.01 32.39 0.11 118.51 53.73 53.51 118.29
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
66.25 38.35 0.01 104.61 27.91 27.89 104.59
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
83 51.3 0.33 134.63 32.03 31.37 133.97
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
91.93 62.2 0.4 154.53 30.13 29.33 153.73
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
72.17 56.23 0.3 128.7 16.24 15.64 128.1
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

250 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


195.87 991.31 1285.49 11.63 SAFE 72.69 1379.87 9.5 SAFE
F3-C4 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
244.92 991.31 1037.99 8.29 SAFE 106.37 1229.87 5.79 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
292.24 991.31 1249.08 7.67 SAFE 128.79 1357.81 5.28 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
257.21 991.31 754.25 6.79 SAFE 118.01 1057.91 4.49 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
244.87 991.31 1018.8 8.21 SAFE 106.72 1218.24 5.71 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
292.37 991.31 1225.09 7.59 SAFE 129.28 1343.26 5.2 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
257.3 991.31 730.26 6.7 SAFE 118.33 1043.37 4.41 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
283.57 991.31 969.12 6.92 SAFE 22.05 1188.13 26.95 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
376.85 991.31 1163 5.72 SAFE 35.46 1305.63 18.42 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
446.24 991.31 668.16 3.72 SAFE 61.37 1005.74 8.2 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
596.94 991.31 1087.67 3.49 SAFE 138.34 1259.98 4.56 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
723.79 991.31 1311.17 3.19 SAFE 165.02 1395.44 4.23 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
654.4 991.31 816.34 2.77 SAFE 139.11 1095.54 3.94 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.34 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 794.65 kN
Punching Shear,P = 794.648 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 726.24 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 726240
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 115.24 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
154.53 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 154.28 kN/m2
525

154.19 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 153.73 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

30.13 kN/m2 154.53 kN/m2

101.75 kN/m2 121.54 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 121.543 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
81.34 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 81.343 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 375.8 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 154.284 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
114.08 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 114.084 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 459.19 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 459.19 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.34
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.42 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4168 x 1
= 0.52 N/mm2
Depth Required = 459189
0.521 x 4600
= 267 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 154.53 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 114.95 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 114.947 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 212.98 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1768.67 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 177 mm
Provide Spacing = 175

Area Provided = 1794.29 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C5
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
251 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.15 782.23 82.44 226.14 -0.37 -2.27
F3-C5 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -87.66 625.1 65.9 180.88 -5.43 185.56
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -109.66 751.79 73.77 202.18 -6.85 232.09
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.08 450.74 44.24 121.29 -6.68 232.94
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.5 626.47 66.01 180.95 4.83 -189.19
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.8 753.5 73.91 202.25 5.97 -236.33
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.37 452.44 44.37 121.37 6.15 -235.49
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.53 587.82 -21.99 -299.12 2.71 -0.93
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.58 705.19 -36.08 -397.83 3.31 -1.01
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.15 404.13 -65.62 -478.71 3.49 -0.16
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.32 663.75 153.89 660.95 -3.3 -2.71
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.57 800.11 183.77 802.26 -4.19 -3.23
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 1.14 499.05 154.23 721.37 -4.02 -2.39

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 782.233 + 600.79


= 1383.02 kN

P/A = 1383.023 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 91.11 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 226.142 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 19.432 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 2.27 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.272 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 91.108 + 19.432 + 0.272

pmax = 110.82 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 91.108 - 19.432 - 0.272

pmin = 71.41 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 226.16 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 782.233 x 3.3 / 2


= 1290.69 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1290.69 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2282 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2282 / 226.16


= 10.09 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 82.45 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1383.02 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1383.023 x 0.5 / 82.45


= 8.39 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
251 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 91.11 19.44 0.28 110.83 140 71.39 SAFE
F3-C5 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 80.76 15.55 22.23 118.54 166 42.98 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 89.1 17.38 27.8 134.28 166 43.93 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 69.27 10.43 27.91 107.61 166 30.94 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 80.85 15.55 22.66 119.06 166 42.64 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 89.22 17.38 28.31 134.91 166 43.53 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 69.38 10.43 28.21 108.02 166 30.75 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 78.3 25.71 0.12 104.13 166 52.48 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 86.03 34.19 0.13 120.35 166 51.72 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 66.2 41.14 0.02 107.36 166 25.05 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 83.3 56.8 0.33 140.43 166 26.18 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
1400.9 92.29 68.94 0.39 161.62 166 22.96 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 72.45 61.99 0.29 134.73 166 10.18 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 110.83 kN/m2 pmax = 161.62 kN/m2
pmin = 71.39 kN/m2 pmin = 10.18 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
251 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
91.11 19.44 0.28 110.83 71.95 71.39 110.27
F3-C5 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
80.76 15.55 22.23 118.54 87.44 42.98 74.08
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
89.1 17.38 27.8 134.28 99.52 43.92 78.68
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
69.27 10.43 27.91 107.61 86.75 30.93 51.79
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
80.85 15.55 22.66 119.06 87.96 42.64 73.74
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
89.22 17.38 28.31 134.91 100.15 43.53 78.29
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
69.38 10.43 28.21 108.02 87.16 30.74 51.6
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
78.3 25.71 0.12 104.13 52.71 52.47 103.89
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
86.03 34.19 0.13 120.35 51.97 51.71 120.09
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
66.2 41.14 0.02 107.36 25.08 25.04 107.32
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
83.3 56.8 0.33 140.43 26.83 26.17 139.77
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
92.29 68.94 0.39 161.62 23.74 22.96 160.84
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
72.45 61.99 0.29 134.73 10.75 10.17 134.15
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

251 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


226.15 991.31 1290.69 10.1 SAFE 82.45 1383.02 8.39 SAFE
F3-C5 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
259.13 991.31 1031.42 7.81 SAFE 109.67 1225.89 5.59 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
307.8 991.31 1240.47 7.26 SAFE 132.16 1352.58 5.12 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
262.63 991.31 743.72 6.61 SAFE 118.64 1051.53 4.44 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
261.79 991.31 1033.68 7.74 SAFE 111.21 1227.26 5.52 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
311.06 991.31 1243.28 7.19 SAFE 134.02 1354.29 5.06 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
264.92 991.31 746.54 6.56 SAFE 119.88 1053.23 4.4 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
299.12 991.31 969.91 6.56 SAFE 21.99 1188.61 27.03 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
397.83 991.31 1163.57 5.42 SAFE 36.09 1305.98 18.1 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
478.71 991.31 666.82 3.47 SAFE 65.62 1004.92 7.66 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
660.95 991.31 1095.2 3.16 SAFE 153.9 1264.54 4.11 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
802.26 991.31 1320.18 2.89 SAFE 183.77 1400.9 3.82 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
721.37 991.31 823.43 2.52 SAFE 154.23 1099.84 3.57 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.36 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 800.11 kN
Punching Shear,P = 800.105 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 731.23 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 731230
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 116.03 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
161.62 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 161.38 kN/m2
525

161.29 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 160.84 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

23.74 kN/m2 161.62 kN/m2

103.12 kN/m2 125.06 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 125.057 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
84.86 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 84.857 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 392.04 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 161.379 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
121.18 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 121.179 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 487.75 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 487.75 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.36
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.43 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4272 x 1
= 0.53 N/mm2
Depth Required = 487746
0.534 x 4600
= 274 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 161.62 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 122.04 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 122.036 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 226.11 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1883.69 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 166 mm
Provide Spacing = 165

Area Provided = 1903.03 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C6
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
252 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.1 782.69 82.66 228.97 -0.59 -2.19
F3-C6 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -87.62 626.51 66.16 183.26 -5.59 185.54
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -109.58 753.65 74.16 205.32 -6.95 232.04
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110 452.37 44.52 123.24 -6.73 232.86
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.38 625.79 66.1 183.09 4.65 -189.04
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.67 752.76 74.08 205.1 5.84 -236.18
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.25 451.48 44.43 123.02 6.06 -235.35
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.58 587.08 -23.6 -308.67 0.52 -1.07
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.67 704.38 -38.04 -409.6 0.68 -1.22
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.25 403.09 -67.69 -491.68 0.9 -0.39
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.18 665.22 155.86 675.02 -1.46 -2.44
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.43 802.04 186.28 820.02 -1.8 -2.93
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 1.01 500.76 156.63 737.94 -1.57 -2.1

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 782.687 + 600.79


= 1383.48 kN

P/A = 1383.477 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 91.14 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 228.97 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 19.675 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 2.189 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.263 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 91.138 + 19.675 + 0.263

pmax = 111.08 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 91.138 - 19.675 - 0.263

pmin = 71.20 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 228.99 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 782.687 x 3.3 / 2


= 1291.44 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1291.44 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2282.75 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2282.75 / 228.99


= 9.97 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 82.67 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1383.48 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1383.477 x 0.5 / 82.67


= 8.37 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
252 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 91.14 19.68 0.27 111.09 140 71.19 SAFE
F3-C6 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
1227.3 80.85 15.75 22.23 118.83 166 42.87 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 89.23 17.65 27.8 134.68 166 43.78 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 69.38 10.59 27.9 107.87 166 30.89 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 80.8 15.74 22.65 119.19 166 42.42 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 89.17 17.63 28.29 135.09 166 43.25 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 69.32 10.58 28.19 108.09 166 30.55 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 78.25 26.53 0.13 104.91 166 51.6 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 85.98 35.2 0.15 121.33 166 50.63 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 66.13 42.25 0.05 108.43 166 23.84 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 83.4 58.01 0.3 141.71 166 25.09 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 92.41 70.47 0.36 163.24 166 21.59 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 72.57 63.41 0.26 136.24 166 8.9 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 111.09 kN/m2 pmax = 163.24 kN/m2
pmin = 71.19 kN/m2 pmin = 8.9 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
252 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
91.14 19.68 0.27 111.09 71.73 71.19 110.55
F3-C6 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
80.85 15.75 22.23 118.83 87.33 42.87 74.37
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
89.23 17.65 27.8 134.68 99.38 43.78 79.08
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
69.38 10.59 27.9 107.87 86.69 30.89 52.07
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
80.8 15.74 22.65 119.19 87.71 42.41 73.89
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
89.17 17.63 28.29 135.09 99.83 43.25 78.51
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
69.32 10.58 28.19 108.09 86.93 30.55 51.71
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
78.25 26.53 0.13 104.91 51.85 51.59 104.65
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
85.98 35.2 0.15 121.33 50.93 50.63 121.03
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
66.13 42.25 0.05 108.43 23.93 23.83 108.33
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
83.4 58.01 0.3 141.71 25.69 25.09 141.11
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
92.41 70.47 0.36 163.24 22.3 21.58 162.52
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
72.57 63.41 0.26 136.24 9.42 8.9 135.72
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

252 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


228.98 991.31 1291.44 9.97 SAFE 82.67 1383.48 8.37 SAFE
F3-C6 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
260.79 991.31 1033.74 7.77 SAFE 109.79 1227.3 5.59 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
309.83 991.31 1243.53 7.22 SAFE 132.31 1354.44 5.12 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
263.46 991.31 746.42 6.6 SAFE 118.66 1053.16 4.44 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
263.17 991.31 1032.57 7.7 SAFE 111.17 1226.58 5.52 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
312.81 991.31 1242.07 7.14 SAFE 134.01 1353.55 5.06 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
265.56 991.31 744.95 6.54 SAFE 119.8 1052.27 4.4 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
308.67 991.31 968.69 6.35 SAFE 23.61 1187.87 25.16 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
409.6 991.31 1162.23 5.26 SAFE 38.05 1305.17 17.16 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
491.68 991.31 665.11 3.37 SAFE 67.69 1003.88 7.42 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
675.03 991.31 1097.61 3.1 SAFE 155.86 1266.01 4.07 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
820.02 991.31 1323.37 2.83 SAFE 186.29 1402.83 3.77 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
737.94 991.31 826.25 2.47 SAFE 156.64 1101.55 3.52 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.37 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 802.04 kN
Punching Shear,P = 802.04 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 733 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 733000
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 116.31 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
163.24 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 163.03 kN/m2
525

162.94 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 162.52 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

22.3 kN/m2 163.24 kN/m2

103.45 kN/m2 125.87 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 125.874 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
85.67 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 85.674 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 395.81 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 163.025 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
122.83 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 122.825 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 494.37 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 494.37 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.37
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.43 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4324 x 1
= 0.54 N/mm2
Depth Required = 494371
0.5405 x 4600
= 274 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 163.24 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 123.66 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 123.664 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 229.13 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1910.26 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 164 mm
Provide Spacing = 160

Area Provided = 1962.5 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C7
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
253 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.29 766.71 74.04 210.13 8.14 -1.26
F3-C7 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -89.02 602.22 59.05 167.75 1.71 187.18
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -111.37 724.21 66.2 188.04 1.28 234.14
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -111.44 428.95 39.63 112.65 -1.64 234.58
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.48 624.52 59.42 168.47 11.32 -189.2
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.75 752.09 66.66 188.94 13.3 -236.34
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.68 456.83 40.09 113.55 10.38 -235.9
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -0.01 573.6 -31.19 -329.19 7.79 -0.5
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -0.1 688.44 -46.59 -433.13 8.89 -0.47
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -0.18 393.18 -73.17 -508.53 5.97 -0.03
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 0.47 653.14 149.65 665.41 5.24 -1.51
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 0.49 787.87 179.46 810.12 5.69 -1.73
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.42 492.61 152.88 734.72 2.77 -1.29

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 766.713 + 600.79


= 1367.5 kN

P/A = 1367.503 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 90.09 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 210.134 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 18.056 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 1.257 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.151 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 90.086 + 18.056 + 0.151

pmax = 108.30 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 90.086 - 18.056 - 0.151

pmin = 71.88 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 210.14 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 766.713 x 3.3 / 2


= 1265.08 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1265.08 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2256.39 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2256.39 / 210.14


= 10.74 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 74.05 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1367.5 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1367.503 x 0.5 / 74.05


= 9.24 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
253 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
1367.5 90.09 18.06 0.16 108.31 140 71.87 SAFE
F3-C7 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 79.25 14.42 22.42 116.09 166 42.41 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
1325 87.29 16.16 28.05 131.5 166 43.08 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 67.84 9.68 28.1 105.62 166 30.06 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 80.72 14.48 22.67 117.87 166 43.57 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 89.12 16.24 28.31 133.67 166 44.58 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 69.67 9.76 28.26 107.69 166 31.66 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 77.36 28.29 0.06 105.71 166 49.02 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 84.93 37.22 0.06 122.21 166 47.65 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
993.97 65.48 43.7 0.01 109.19 166 21.77 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 82.6 57.18 0.19 139.97 166 25.24 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 91.48 69.61 0.21 161.3 166 21.66 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
1093.4 72.03 63.14 0.16 135.33 166 8.73 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 108.31 kN/m2 pmax = 161.3 kN/m2
pmin = 71.87 kN/m2 pmin = 8.73 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
253 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
90.09 18.06 0.16 108.31 72.19 71.87 107.99
F3-C7 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
79.25 14.42 22.42 116.09 87.25 42.41 71.25
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
87.29 16.16 28.05 131.5 99.18 43.08 75.4
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
67.84 9.68 28.1 105.62 86.26 30.06 49.42
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
80.72 14.48 22.67 117.87 88.91 43.57 72.53
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
89.12 16.24 28.31 133.67 101.19 44.57 77.05
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
69.67 9.76 28.26 107.69 88.17 31.65 51.17
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
77.36 28.29 0.06 105.72 49.14 49.02 105.6
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
84.93 37.22 0.06 122.21 47.77 47.65 122.09
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
65.48 43.7 0.01 109.19 21.79 21.77 109.17
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
82.6 57.18 0.19 139.98 25.62 25.24 139.6
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
91.48 69.61 0.21 161.3 22.08 21.66 160.88
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
72.03 63.14 0.16 135.33 9.05 8.73 135.01
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

253 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


210.14 991.31 1265.08 10.74 SAFE 74.04 1367.5 9.24 SAFE
F3-C7 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
251.35 991.31 993.66 7.9 SAFE 106.82 1203.01 5.64 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
300.3 991.31 1194.95 7.29 SAFE 129.56 1325 5.12 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
260.22 991.31 707.77 6.53 SAFE 118.28 1029.74 4.36 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
253.33 991.31 1030.47 7.99 SAFE 107.41 1225.31 5.71 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
302.58 991.31 1240.95 7.38 SAFE 130.12 1352.88 5.2 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
261.8 991.31 753.77 6.67 SAFE 118.65 1057.62 4.46 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
329.19 991.31 946.44 5.89 SAFE 31.19 1174.39 18.83 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
433.13 991.31 1135.92 4.92 SAFE 46.59 1289.23 13.84 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
508.53 991.31 648.74 3.23 SAFE 73.17 993.97 6.8 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
665.41 991.31 1077.69 3.11 SAFE 149.65 1253.93 4.19 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
810.12 991.31 1299.98 2.83 SAFE 179.46 1388.66 3.87 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
734.72 991.31 812.8 2.46 SAFE 152.88 1093.4 3.58 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.36 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 787.87 kN
Punching Shear,P = 787.865 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 720.04 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 720040
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 114.26 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
161.3 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 161.17 kN/m2
525

161.13 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 160.88 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

22.08 kN/m2 161.3 kN/m2

102.24 kN/m2 124.39 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 124.386 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
84.19 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 84.186 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 388.94 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 161.173 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
120.97 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 120.973 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 486.92 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 486.92 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.36
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.43 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4272 x 1
= 0.53 N/mm2
Depth Required = 486917
0.534 x 4600
= 274 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 161.3 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 121.72 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 121.72 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 225.52 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1878.51 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 167 mm
Provide Spacing = 165

Area Provided = 1903.03 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C8
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
254 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 7.06 925.33 -50.98 -38.05 2.35 -8.94
F3-C8 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -81.05 787.94 -40.73 -30.21 -3.73 178.24
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -101.28 951.38 -45.4 -33.52 -4.84 222.81
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -104.11 594.67 -27.21 -20 -5.71 226.38
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 92.34 692.59 -40.84 -30.67 7.49 -192.54
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 115.46 832.19 -45.54 -34.08 9.18 -240.66
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 112.62 475.47 -27.35 -20.56 8.31 -237.09
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 5.53 694.23 -130.03 -535.52 4.72 -6.89
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 6.94 834.24 -157.03 -665.15 5.72 -8.6
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 4.11 477.52 -138.84 -651.63 4.85 -5.03
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 5.76 786.3 48.46 474.64 -0.96 -7.41
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 7.24 949.33 66.09 597.54 -1.38 -9.26
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 4.4 592.62 84.27 611.06 -2.25 -5.69

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 925.333 + 600.79


= 1526.12 kN

P/A = 1526.123 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 100.54 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 38.051 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 3.270 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 8.938 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 1.071 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 100.535 + 3.27 + 1.071

pmax = 104.88 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 100.535 - 3.27 - 1.071

pmin = 96.20 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 39.09 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 925.333 x 3.3 / 2


= 1526.8 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1526.8 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2518.11 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2518.11 / 39.09


= 64.42 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 51.47 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1526.12 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1526.123 x 0.5 / 51.47


= 14.83 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
254 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 100.54 3.27 1.08 104.89 140 96.19 SAFE
F3-C8 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 91.48 2.6 21.35 115.43 166 67.54 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 102.25 2.89 26.69 131.83 166 72.68 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 78.75 1.72 27.12 107.59 166 49.92 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 85.2 2.64 23.07 110.91 166 59.5 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 94.4 2.93 28.83 126.16 166 62.64 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 70.9 1.77 28.4 101.07 166 40.74 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 85.31 46.02 0.83 132.16 166 38.47 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 94.53 57.16 1.03 152.72 166 36.35 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 71.04 56 0.61 127.65 166 14.43 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 91.38 40.79 0.89 133.06 166 49.7 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 102.12 51.35 1.11 154.58 166 49.66 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 78.62 52.51 0.69 131.82 166 25.42 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 104.89 kN/m2 pmax = 154.58 kN/m2
pmin = 96.19 kN/m2 pmin = 14.43 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
254 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
100.54 3.27 1.08 104.89 98.35 96.19 102.73
F3-C8 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
91.48 2.6 21.35 115.44 110.24 67.54 72.74
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
102.25 2.89 26.69 131.83 126.05 72.67 78.45
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
78.75 1.72 27.12 107.59 104.15 49.91 53.35
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
85.2 2.64 23.07 110.91 105.63 59.49 64.77
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
94.4 2.93 28.83 126.16 120.3 62.64 68.5
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
70.9 1.77 28.4 101.07 97.53 40.73 44.27
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
85.31 46.02 0.83 132.16 40.12 38.46 130.5
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
94.53 57.16 1.03 152.72 38.4 36.34 150.66
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
71.04 56 0.61 127.65 15.65 14.43 126.43
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
91.38 40.79 0.89 133.06 51.48 49.7 131.28
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
102.12 51.35 1.11 154.58 51.88 49.66 152.36
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
78.62 52.51 0.69 131.82 26.8 25.42 130.44
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

254 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


39.09 991.31 1526.8 64.43 SAFE 51.47 1526.12 14.83 SAFE
F3-C8 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
180.78 991.31 1300.11 12.68 SAFE 90.71 1388.73 7.66 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
225.31 991.31 1569.78 11.37 SAFE 110.99 1552.17 7 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
227.26 991.31 981.2 8.68 SAFE 107.61 1195.46 5.56 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
194.96 991.31 1142.78 10.95 SAFE 100.97 1293.38 6.41 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
243.06 991.31 1373.11 9.73 SAFE 124.12 1432.98 5.78 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
237.98 991.31 784.54 7.47 SAFE 115.9 1076.26 4.65 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
535.56 991.31 1145.48 3.99 SAFE 130.15 1295.02 4.98 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
665.2 991.31 1376.49 3.56 SAFE 157.18 1435.03 4.57 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
651.64 991.31 787.92 2.74 SAFE 138.9 1078.31 3.89 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
474.69 991.31 1297.4 4.83 SAFE 48.8 1387.09 14.22 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
597.62 991.31 1566.4 4.28 SAFE 66.48 1550.12 11.66 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
611.09 991.31 977.82 3.23 SAFE 84.39 1193.41 7.08 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.34 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 951.38 kN
Punching Shear,P = 951.378 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 869.48 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 869480
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 137.97 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
154.58 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 153.9 kN/m2
525

153.65 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 152.36 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

51.88 kN/m2 154.58 kN/m2

111.01 kN/m2 127.35 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 127.345 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
87.15 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 87.145 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 402.61 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 153.901 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
113.7 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 113.701 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 457.65 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 457.65 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.34
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.42 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4168 x 1
= 0.52 N/mm2
Depth Required = 457647
0.521 x 4600
= 266 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 154.58 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 115 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 114.996 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 213.07 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1769.46 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 177 mm
Provide Spacing = 175

Area Provided = 1794.29 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C11
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
256 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.36 782.2 76.94 203.07 -2.34 -1.13
F3-C11 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -88.69 628.01 60.31 158.92 -6.69 187.39
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -110.75 755.31 67.01 175.58 -8.54 234.1
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.94 454.31 39.58 103.58 -7.53 234.61
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.27 623.51 62.79 165.99 2.95 -189.2
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.7 749.69 70.12 184.43 3.51 -236.64
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.51 448.69 42.69 112.42 4.51 -236.13
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.49 591.16 -18.27 -274.52 -7.71 -1.35
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.73 709.25 -31.22 -366.21 -9.8 -1.83
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.54 408.25 -58.64 -438.22 -8.8 -1.32
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 0.09 660.36 141.37 599.43 3.96 -0.46
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 0.22 795.75 168.34 726.22 4.77 -0.71
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.03 494.75 140.92 654.22 5.78 -0.2

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 782.199 + 600.79


= 1382.99 kN

P/A = 1382.989 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 91.11 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 203.067 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 17.449 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 1.132 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.136 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 91.106 + 17.449 + 0.136

pmax = 108.70 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 91.106 - 17.449 - 0.136

pmin = 73.53 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 203.08 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 782.199 x 3.3 / 2


= 1290.63 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1290.63 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2281.94 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2281.94 / 203.08


= 11.24 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 76.94 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1382.99 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1382.989 x 0.5 / 76.94


= 8.99 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
256 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 91.11 17.45 0.14 108.7 140 73.52 SAFE
F3-C11 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
1228.8 80.95 13.66 22.45 117.06 166 44.84 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
1356.1 89.33 15.09 28.04 132.46 166 46.21 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
1055.1 69.51 8.91 28.11 106.53 166 32.49 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
1224.3 80.65 14.27 22.67 117.59 166 43.72 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 88.96 15.85 28.35 133.16 166 44.77 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 69.14 9.67 28.29 107.1 166 31.18 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 78.52 23.59 0.17 102.28 166 54.77 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 86.3 31.47 0.22 117.99 166 54.62 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 66.47 37.66 0.16 104.29 166 28.66 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 83.08 51.51 0.06 134.65 166 31.51 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 92 62.41 0.09 154.5 166 29.5 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 72.17 56.22 0.03 128.42 166 15.93 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 108.7 kN/m2 pmax = 154.5 kN/m2
pmin = 73.52 kN/m2 pmin = 15.93 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
256 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
91.11 17.45 0.14 108.7 73.8 73.52 108.42
F3-C11 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
80.95 13.66 22.45 117.06 89.74 44.84 72.16
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
89.33 15.09 28.04 132.47 102.29 46.21 76.39
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
69.51 8.91 28.11 106.53 88.71 32.49 50.31
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
80.65 14.27 22.67 117.59 89.05 43.71 72.25
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
88.96 15.85 28.35 133.17 101.47 44.77 76.47
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
69.14 9.67 28.29 107.1 87.76 31.18 50.52
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
78.52 23.59 0.17 102.28 55.1 54.76 101.94
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
86.3 31.47 0.22 117.99 55.05 54.61 117.55
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
66.47 37.66 0.16 104.29 28.97 28.65 103.97
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
83.08 51.51 0.06 134.65 31.63 31.51 134.53
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
92 62.41 0.09 154.5 29.68 29.5 154.32
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
72.17 56.22 0.03 128.42 15.98 15.92 128.36
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

256 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


203.07 991.31 1290.63 11.24 SAFE 76.94 1382.99 8.99 SAFE
F3-C11 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
245.7 991.31 1036.22 8.26 SAFE 107.25 1228.8 5.73 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
292.63 991.31 1246.26 7.65 SAFE 129.44 1356.1 5.24 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
256.46 991.31 749.61 6.79 SAFE 117.79 1055.1 4.48 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
251.7 991.31 1028.8 8.03 SAFE 109.14 1224.3 5.61 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
300.02 991.31 1236.99 7.43 SAFE 131.88 1350.48 5.12 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
261.53 991.31 740.34 6.63 SAFE 119.4 1049.48 4.4 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
274.52 991.31 975.42 7.17 SAFE 18.28 1191.95 32.61 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
366.22 991.31 1170.26 5.91 SAFE 31.23 1310.04 20.98 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
438.22 991.31 673.61 3.8 SAFE 58.65 1009.04 8.61 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
599.43 991.31 1089.6 3.48 SAFE 141.37 1261.15 4.47 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
726.22 991.31 1312.99 3.18 SAFE 168.34 1396.54 4.15 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
654.22 991.31 816.34 2.77 SAFE 140.92 1095.54 3.89 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.34 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 795.75 kN
Punching Shear,P = 795.75 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 727.25 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 727250
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 115.4 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
154.5 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 154.45 kN/m2
525

154.42 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 154.32 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

29.68 kN/m2 154.5 kN/m2

101.55 kN/m2 121.4 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 121.403 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
81.2 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 81.203 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 375.16 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 154.445 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
114.25 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 114.245 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 459.84 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 459.84 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.34
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.42 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4168 x 1
= 0.52 N/mm2
Depth Required = 459837
0.521 x 4600
= 267 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 154.5 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 114.92 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 114.919 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 212.92 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1768.15 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 177 mm
Provide Spacing = 175

Area Provided = 1794.29 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C20
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
246 5 1.5 (DL+LL) -4.67 926.93 12.38 -32.86 10.49 3.84
F3-C20 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -90.15 717.94 8.31 -29.39 14.39 187.65
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -112.82 864.32 6.18 -40.13 16.96 234.79
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.9 506.79 2.92 -25.63 13.18 233.16
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 82.68 765.16 11.5 -23.18 2.39 -181.51
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 103.21 923.34 10.16 -32.38 1.96 -226.66
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 105.13 565.81 6.89 -17.88 -1.83 -228.29
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -4.08 826.27 -93.87 -412.86 18.22 2.79
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -5.24 999.73 -121.55 -519.48 21.74 3.72
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -3.31 642.2 -124.82 -504.98 17.96 2.09
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -3.39 656.83 113.68 360.29 -1.44 3.35
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -4.37 787.93 137.9 446.97 -2.83 4.41
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -2.45 430.4 134.63 461.47 -6.61 2.78

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 926.934 + 600.79


= 1527.72 kN

P/A = 1527.724 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 100.64 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 32.855 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 2.824 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 3.839 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.460 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 100.641 + 2.824 + 0.46

pmax = 103.93 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 100.641 - 2.824 - 0.46

pmin = 97.36 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 33.08 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 926.934 x 3.3 / 2


= 1529.45 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1529.45 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2520.76 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2520.76 / 33.08


= 76.2 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 13.24 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1527.72 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1527.724 x 0.5 / 13.24


= 57.7 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
246 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 100.64 2.83 0.46 103.93 140 97.36 SAFE
F3-C20 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 86.87 2.53 22.48 111.88 166 61.87 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 96.52 3.45 28.13 128.1 166 64.94 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 72.96 2.21 27.93 103.1 166 42.83 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 89.98 2 21.75 113.73 166 66.24 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 100.4 2.79 27.15 130.34 166 70.47 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
1166.6 76.85 1.54 27.35 105.74 166 47.97 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 94.01 35.48 0.34 129.83 166 58.19 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 105.44 44.64 0.45 150.53 166 60.35 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 81.88 43.4 0.26 125.54 166 38.23 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 82.85 30.96 0.41 114.22 166 51.48 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 91.48 38.41 0.53 130.42 166 52.55 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 67.93 39.66 0.34 107.93 166 27.94 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 103.93 kN/m2 pmax = 150.53 kN/m2
pmin = 97.36 kN/m2 pmin = 27.94 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
246 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
100.64 2.83 0.46 103.93 98.27 97.35 103.01
F3-C20 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
86.87 2.53 22.48 111.88 106.82 61.86 66.92
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
96.52 3.45 28.13 128.1 121.2 64.94 71.84
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
72.96 2.21 27.93 103.1 98.68 42.82 47.24
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
89.98 2 21.75 113.73 109.73 66.23 70.23
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
100.4 2.79 27.15 130.34 124.76 70.46 76.04
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
76.85 1.54 27.35 105.74 102.66 47.96 51.04
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
94.01 35.48 0.34 129.83 58.87 58.19 129.15
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
105.44 44.64 0.45 150.53 61.25 60.35 149.63
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
81.88 43.4 0.26 125.54 38.74 38.22 125.02
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
82.85 30.96 0.41 114.22 52.3 51.48 113.4
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
91.48 38.41 0.53 130.42 53.6 52.54 129.36
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
67.93 39.66 0.34 107.93 28.61 27.93 107.25
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

246 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


33.08 991.31 1529.45 76.21 SAFE 13.23 1527.72 57.73 SAFE
F3-C20 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
189.94 991.31 1184.6 11.46 SAFE 90.53 1318.73 7.29 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
238.19 991.31 1426.13 10.15 SAFE 112.99 1465.11 6.49 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
234.56 991.31 836.21 7.8 SAFE 110.94 1107.58 5 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
182.98 991.31 1262.51 12.32 SAFE 83.47 1365.95 8.19 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
228.96 991.31 1523.52 10.99 SAFE 103.71 1524.13 7.35 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
228.98 991.31 933.59 8.41 SAFE 105.36 1166.6 5.54 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
412.87 991.31 1363.35 5.71 SAFE 93.96 1427.06 7.6 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
519.49 991.31 1649.56 5.09 SAFE 121.66 1600.52 6.58 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
504.98 991.31 1059.63 4.07 SAFE 124.86 1242.99 4.98 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
360.31 991.31 1083.77 5.76 SAFE 113.73 1257.62 5.53 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
446.99 991.31 1300.09 5.13 SAFE 137.96 1388.72 5.04 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
461.48 991.31 710.16 3.69 SAFE 134.65 1031.19 3.83 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.33 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 999.73 kN
Punching Shear,P = 999.731 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 913.67 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 913670
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 144.98 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
150.53 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 150.25 kN/m2
525

150.15 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 149.63 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

61.25 kN/m2 150.53 kN/m2

112.65 kN/m2 126.86 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 126.855 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
86.66 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 86.655 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 400.35 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 150.254 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
110.05 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 110.054 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 442.97 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 442.97 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.33
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.41 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4116 x 1
= 0.51 N/mm2
Depth Required = 442968
0.5145 x 4600
= 263 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 150.53 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 110.95 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 110.947 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 205.56 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1704.01 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 184 mm
Provide Spacing = 180

Area Provided = 1744.44 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C21
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
235 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 2.37 776.81 -80.58 -235.48 4.08 -4.04
F3-C21 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -86.81 627.33 -64.71 -188.73 8 183.93
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -108.56 754.84 -72.98 -213.62 9.24 230.03
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -109.49 455.85 -43.91 -128.34 7.91 231.6
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 90.6 615.57 -64.23 -188.04 -1.47 -190.39
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 113.19 740.14 -72.38 -212.76 -2.59 -237.86
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 112.27 441.14 -43.31 -127.49 -3.92 -236.29
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 2.39 657.06 -144.53 -628.01 13.11 -4.35
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 2.93 792.01 -172.75 -762.73 15.63 -5.32
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 2 493.01 -143.68 -677.45 14.3 -3.75
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.4 585.83 15.6 251.24 -6.58 -2.11
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.7 702.97 27.4 336.34 -8.98 -2.51
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.78 403.98 56.47 421.62 -10.31 -0.94

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 776.811 + 600.79


= 1377.6 kN

P/A = 1377.601 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 90.75 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 235.482 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 20.234 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 4.038 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.484 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 90.751 + 20.234 + 0.484

pmax = 111.47 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 90.751 - 20.234 - 0.484

pmin = 70.04 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 235.52 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 776.811 x 3.3 / 2


= 1281.74 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1281.74 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2273.05 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2273.05 / 235.52


= 9.65 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 80.62 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1377.6 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1377.601 x 0.5 / 80.62


= 8.55 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
235 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
1377.6 90.75 20.24 0.49 111.48 140 70.03 SAFE
F3-C21 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 80.9 16.22 22.03 119.15 166 42.66 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 89.3 18.36 27.56 135.22 166 43.39 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 69.61 11.03 27.74 108.38 166 30.84 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 80.13 16.16 22.81 119.1 166 41.16 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 88.34 18.29 28.49 135.12 166 41.56 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 68.64 10.96 28.31 107.91 166 29.37 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 82.86 53.97 0.53 137.36 166 28.37 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
1392.8 91.75 65.54 0.64 157.93 166 25.58 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
1093.8 72.06 58.22 0.45 130.73 166 13.39 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 78.17 21.59 0.26 100.02 166 56.33 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 85.89 28.91 0.31 115.11 166 56.67 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 66.19 36.23 0.12 102.54 166 29.85 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 111.48 kN/m2 pmax = 157.93 kN/m2
pmin = 70.03 kN/m2 pmin = 13.39 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
235 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
90.75 20.24 0.49 111.48 71 70.02 110.5
F3-C21 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
80.9 16.22 22.03 119.15 86.71 42.65 75.09
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
89.3 18.36 27.56 135.22 98.5 43.38 80.1
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
69.61 11.03 27.74 108.38 86.32 30.84 52.9
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
80.13 16.16 22.81 119.1 86.78 41.16 73.48
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
88.34 18.29 28.49 135.12 98.54 41.56 78.14
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
68.64 10.96 28.31 107.91 85.99 29.37 51.29
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
82.86 53.97 0.53 137.36 29.42 28.36 136.3
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
91.75 65.54 0.64 157.93 26.85 25.57 156.65
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
72.06 58.22 0.45 130.73 14.29 13.39 129.83
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
78.17 21.59 0.26 100.02 56.84 56.32 99.5
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
85.89 28.91 0.31 115.11 57.29 56.67 114.49
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
66.19 36.23 0.12 102.54 30.08 29.84 102.3
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

235 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


235.52 991.31 1281.74 9.66 SAFE 80.62 1377.6 8.55 SAFE
F3-C21 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
263.53 991.31 1035.1 7.69 SAFE 108.27 1228.12 5.68 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
313.93 991.31 1245.5 7.13 SAFE 130.81 1355.63 5.19 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
264.78 991.31 752.15 6.59 SAFE 117.96 1056.64 4.48 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
267.6 991.31 1015.69 7.51 SAFE 111.05 1216.36 5.48 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
319.13 991.31 1221.24 6.94 SAFE 134.35 1340.93 5 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
268.49 991.31 727.89 6.41 SAFE 120.33 1041.93 4.33 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
628.03 991.31 1084.16 3.31 SAFE 144.55 1257.85 4.36 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
762.74 991.31 1306.82 3.02 SAFE 172.78 1392.8 4.04 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
677.46 991.31 813.48 2.67 SAFE 143.7 1093.8 3.81 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
251.25 991.31 966.63 7.8 SAFE 15.66 1186.62 37.9 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
336.35 991.31 1159.91 6.4 SAFE 27.45 1303.76 23.75 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
421.62 991.31 666.57 3.94 SAFE 56.48 1004.77 8.9 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.35 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 792.01 kN
Punching Shear,P = 792.011 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 723.83 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 723830
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 114.86 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
157.93 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 157.54 kN/m2
525

157.4 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 156.65 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

26.85 kN/m2 157.93 kN/m2

102.32 kN/m2 123.18 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 123.177 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
82.98 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 82.977 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 383.35 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 157.544 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
117.34 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 117.344 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 472.31 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 472.31 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.35
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.42 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.422 x 1
= 0.53 N/mm2
Depth Required = 472310
0.5275 x 4600
= 270 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 157.93 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 118.35 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 118.353 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 219.29 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1823.85 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 172 mm
Provide Spacing = 170

Area Provided = 1847.06 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 170 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 170 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C22
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
236 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.49 783.84 -84.17 -237.29 -1.61 -2.98
F3-C22 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -86.92 626.35 -67.28 -189.64 3.86 184.14
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -108.72 753.36 -75.51 -213.18 4.89 230.31
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -109.29 451.65 -45.27 -127.81 5.5 231.44
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.3 627.79 -67.4 -190.02 -6.43 -188.9
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.56 755.16 -75.66 -213.65 -7.98 -235.99
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 110.99 453.46 -45.43 -128.28 -7.36 -234.85
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 1.61 665.03 -155.28 -669.86 1.72 -3.31
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 1.94 801.7 -185.51 -813.44 2.2 -4
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 1.37 500 -155.28 -728.08 2.82 -2.87
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 0.78 589.11 20.6 290.19 -4.29 -1.45
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 0.9 706.81 34.34 386.62 -5.3 -1.68
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.33 405.11 64.58 471.99 -4.68 -0.54

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 783.838 + 600.79


= 1384.63 kN

P/A = 1384.628 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 91.21 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 237.289 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 20.390 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 2.978 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.357 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 91.214 + 20.39 + 0.357

pmax = 111.97 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 91.214 - 20.39 - 0.357

pmin = 70.47 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 237.31 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 783.838 x 3.3 / 2


= 1293.34 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1293.34 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2284.65 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2284.65 / 237.31


= 9.63 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 84.19 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1384.63 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1384.628 x 0.5 / 84.19


= 8.23 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
236 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 91.21 20.39 0.36 111.96 140 70.47 SAFE
F3-C22 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 80.84 16.3 22.06 119.2 166 42.48 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 89.21 18.32 27.59 135.12 166 43.3 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 69.33 10.99 27.73 108.05 166 30.62 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 80.93 16.33 22.63 119.89 166 41.98 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 89.32 18.36 28.27 135.95 166 42.7 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 69.45 11.03 28.13 108.61 166 30.29 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 83.39 57.56 0.4 141.35 166 25.43 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 92.39 69.9 0.48 162.77 166 22.02 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 72.52 62.57 0.35 135.44 166 9.6 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
1189.9 78.39 24.94 0.18 103.51 166 53.27 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
1307.6 86.14 33.23 0.21 119.58 166 52.7 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
1005.9 66.26 40.56 0.07 106.89 166 25.64 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 111.96 kN/m2 pmax = 162.77 kN/m2
pmin = 70.47 kN/m2 pmin = 9.6 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
236 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
91.21 20.39 0.36 111.96 71.18 70.46 111.24
F3-C22 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
80.84 16.3 22.06 119.2 86.6 42.48 75.08
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
89.21 18.32 27.59 135.12 98.48 43.3 79.94
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
69.33 10.99 27.73 108.05 86.07 30.61 52.59
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
80.93 16.33 22.63 119.9 87.24 41.98 74.64
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
89.32 18.36 28.27 135.96 99.24 42.7 79.42
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
69.45 11.03 28.13 108.61 86.55 30.29 52.35
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
83.39 57.56 0.4 141.35 26.23 25.43 140.55
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
92.39 69.9 0.48 162.77 22.97 22.01 161.81
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
72.52 62.57 0.35 135.44 10.3 9.6 134.74
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
78.39 24.94 0.18 103.51 53.63 53.27 103.15
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
86.14 33.23 0.21 119.58 53.12 52.7 119.16
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
66.26 40.56 0.07 106.9 25.78 25.64 106.76
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

236 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


237.31 991.31 1293.34 9.63 SAFE 84.19 1384.63 8.23 SAFE
F3-C22 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
264.33 991.31 1033.48 7.67 SAFE 109.91 1227.14 5.59 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
313.82 991.31 1243.04 7.12 SAFE 132.37 1354.15 5.12 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
264.39 991.31 745.23 6.57 SAFE 118.29 1052.44 4.45 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
267.94 991.31 1035.86 7.57 SAFE 111.88 1228.58 5.5 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
318.33 991.31 1246.02 7.03 SAFE 134.79 1355.95 5.03 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
267.6 991.31 748.21 6.51 SAFE 119.93 1054.25 4.4 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
669.86 991.31 1097.3 3.12 SAFE 155.29 1265.82 4.08 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
813.45 991.31 1322.81 2.85 SAFE 185.52 1402.49 3.78 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
728.08 991.31 825 2.5 SAFE 155.28 1100.79 3.55 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
290.2 991.31 972.04 6.77 SAFE 20.62 1189.9 28.86 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
386.62 991.31 1166.24 5.59 SAFE 34.35 1307.6 19.04 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
471.99 991.31 668.43 3.52 SAFE 64.58 1005.9 7.79 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.36 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 801.7 kN
Punching Shear,P = 801.703 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 732.69 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 732690
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 116.26 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
162.77 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 162.48 kN/m2
525

162.37 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 161.81 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

22.97 kN/m2 162.77 kN/m2

103.46 kN/m2 125.7 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 125.703 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
85.5 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 85.503 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 395.02 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 162.479 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
122.28 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 122.279 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 492.17 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 492.17 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.36
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.43 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4272 x 1
= 0.53 N/mm2
Depth Required = 492173
0.534 x 4600
= 276 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 162.77 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 123.19 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 123.191 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 228.25 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1902.52 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 165 mm
Provide Spacing = 165

Area Provided = 1903.03 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C23
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
237 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.61 783.19 -83.16 -232.22 -0.04 -3.07
F3-C23 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -86.82 626.91 -66.55 -185.79 5.09 184.12
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -108.57 754.16 -74.65 -208.48 6.34 230.26
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -109.2 452.68 -44.8 -125.1 6.36 231.44
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.39 626.19 -66.51 -185.76 -5.16 -189.04
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.69 753.26 -74.59 -208.45 -6.48 -236.19
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.07 451.77 -44.74 -125.06 -6.45 -235.01
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 1.6 665.64 -156.26 -677.63 0.95 -3.17
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 1.96 802.57 -186.78 -823.28 1.16 -3.85
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 1.33 501.08 -156.93 -739.89 1.19 -2.66
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 0.97 587.46 23.2 306.08 -1.02 -1.75
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.16 704.85 37.54 406.35 -1.31 -2.09
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.54 403.37 67.39 489.73 -1.28 -0.9

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 783.187 + 600.79


= 1383.98 kN

P/A = 1383.977 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 91.17 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 232.219 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 19.954 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 3.073 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.369 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 91.171 + 19.954 + 0.369

pmax = 111.50 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 91.171 - 19.954 - 0.369

pmin = 70.85 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 232.24 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 783.187 x 3.3 / 2


= 1292.26 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1292.26 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2283.57 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2283.57 / 232.24


= 9.83 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 83.18 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1383.98 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1383.977 x 0.5 / 83.18


= 8.32 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
237 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 91.17 19.96 0.37 111.5 140 70.85 SAFE
F3-C23 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
1227.7 80.88 15.97 22.06 118.91 166 42.85 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 89.26 17.92 27.58 134.76 166 43.76 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 69.4 10.75 27.73 107.88 166 30.92 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 80.83 15.97 22.65 119.45 166 42.21 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 89.2 17.92 28.29 135.41 166 42.99 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 69.34 10.75 28.15 108.24 166 30.44 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 83.43 58.23 0.38 142.04 166 24.82 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 92.45 70.75 0.47 163.67 166 21.23 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 72.59 63.58 0.32 136.49 166 8.69 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 78.28 26.3 0.21 104.79 166 51.77 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 86.01 34.92 0.25 121.18 166 50.85 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 66.15 42.09 0.11 108.35 166 23.96 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 111.5 kN/m2 pmax = 163.67 kN/m2
pmin = 70.85 kN/m2 pmin = 8.69 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
237 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
91.17 19.96 0.37 111.5 71.58 70.84 110.76
F3-C23 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
80.88 15.97 22.06 118.91 86.97 42.85 74.79
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
89.26 17.92 27.58 134.76 98.92 43.76 79.6
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
69.4 10.75 27.73 107.88 86.38 30.92 52.42
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
80.83 15.97 22.65 119.45 87.51 42.21 74.15
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
89.2 17.92 28.29 135.41 99.57 42.99 78.83
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
69.34 10.75 28.15 108.24 86.74 30.44 51.94
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
83.43 58.23 0.38 142.04 25.58 24.82 141.28
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
92.45 70.75 0.47 163.67 22.17 21.23 162.73
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
72.59 63.58 0.32 136.49 9.33 8.69 135.85
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
78.28 26.3 0.21 104.79 52.19 51.77 104.37
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
86.01 34.92 0.25 121.18 51.34 50.84 120.68
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
66.15 42.09 0.11 108.35 24.17 23.95 108.13
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

237 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


232.24 991.31 1292.26 9.84 SAFE 83.18 1383.98 8.32 SAFE
F3-C23 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
261.57 991.31 1034.41 7.75 SAFE 109.39 1227.7 5.62 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
310.62 991.31 1244.37 7.2 SAFE 131.76 1354.95 5.15 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
263.09 991.31 746.93 6.61 SAFE 118.03 1053.47 4.47 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
265.03 991.31 1033.22 7.64 SAFE 111.42 1226.98 5.51 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
315.02 991.31 1242.88 7.1 SAFE 134.31 1354.05 5.05 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
266.21 991.31 745.43 6.53 SAFE 119.74 1052.56 4.4 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
677.63 991.31 1098.3 3.09 SAFE 156.27 1266.43 4.06 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
823.29 991.31 1324.24 2.82 SAFE 186.79 1403.36 3.76 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
739.9 991.31 826.79 2.46 SAFE 156.94 1101.87 3.52 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
306.08 991.31 969.32 6.41 SAFE 23.22 1188.25 25.59 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
406.35 991.31 1163.01 5.31 SAFE 37.56 1305.64 17.39 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
489.73 991.31 665.56 3.39 SAFE 67.39 1004.16 7.46 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.37 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 802.57 kN
Punching Shear,P = 802.568 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 733.48 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 733480
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 116.39 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
163.67 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 163.38 kN/m2
525

163.28 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 162.73 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

22.17 kN/m2 163.67 kN/m2

103.64 kN/m2 126.15 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 126.15 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
85.95 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 85.95 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 397.09 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 163.382 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
123.18 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 123.182 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 495.81 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 495.81 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.37
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.43 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4324 x 1
= 0.54 N/mm2
Depth Required = 495808
0.5405 x 4600
= 275 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 163.67 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 124.09 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 124.088 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 229.91 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1917.13 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 163 mm
Provide Spacing = 160

Area Provided = 1962.5 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C24
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
238 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.12 763.93 -74.04 -210.74 -8.39 -1.39
F3-C24 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -88.88 599.68 -59.02 -168.14 -1.92 186.56
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -111.2 721.04 -66.15 -188.5 -1.56 233.35
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -111.21 426.89 -39.59 -112.87 1.46 233.85
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.08 622.61 -59.44 -169.05 -11.5 -188.78
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.26 749.69 -66.67 -189.63 -13.53 -235.83
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.24 455.55 -40.11 -114.01 -10.52 -235.33
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.33 650.83 -149.73 -666.05 -5.41 -1.6
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.32 784.98 -179.54 -810.88 -5.92 -1.85
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.31 490.83 -152.97 -735.26 -2.9 -1.35
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -0.13 571.46 31.27 328.86 -8.01 -0.62
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -0.26 685.76 46.72 432.75 -9.17 -0.63
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -0.27 391.61 73.28 508.38 -6.15 -0.13

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 763.931 + 600.79


= 1364.72 kN

P/A = 1364.721 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 89.9 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 210.743 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 18.109 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 1.387 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.167 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 89.903 + 18.109 + 0.167

pmax = 108.18 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 89.903 - 18.109 - 0.167

pmin = 71.63 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 210.75 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 763.931 x 3.3 / 2


= 1260.49 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1260.49 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2251.8 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2251.8 / 210.75


= 10.68 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 74.04 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1364.72 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1364.721 x 0.5 / 74.04


= 9.22 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
238 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 89.9 18.11 0.17 108.18 140 71.63 SAFE
F3-C24 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 79.08 14.45 22.35 115.88 166 42.29 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 87.08 16.2 27.95 131.23 166 42.93 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 67.7 9.7 28.01 105.41 166 29.99 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
1223.4 80.59 14.53 22.62 117.74 166 43.45 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 88.96 16.3 28.25 133.51 166 44.42 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 69.59 9.8 28.19 107.58 166 31.6 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 82.45 57.24 0.2 139.89 166 25.02 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 91.29 69.68 0.23 161.2 166 21.38 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 71.91 63.18 0.17 135.26 166 8.57 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 77.22 28.26 0.08 105.56 166 48.89 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 84.75 37.19 0.08 122.02 166 47.49 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
992.4 65.38 43.69 0.02 109.09 166 21.67 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 108.18 kN/m2 pmax = 161.2 kN/m2
pmin = 71.63 kN/m2 pmin = 8.57 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
238 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
89.9 18.11 0.17 108.18 71.96 71.62 107.84
F3-C24 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
79.08 14.45 22.35 115.88 86.98 42.28 71.18
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
87.08 16.2 27.95 131.23 98.83 42.93 75.33
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
67.7 9.7 28.01 105.41 86.01 29.99 49.39
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
80.59 14.53 22.62 117.74 88.68 43.44 72.5
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
88.96 16.3 28.25 133.52 100.92 44.42 77.02
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
69.59 9.8 28.19 107.58 87.98 31.6 51.2
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
82.45 57.24 0.2 139.89 25.41 25.01 139.49
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
91.29 69.68 0.23 161.2 21.84 21.38 160.74
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
71.91 63.18 0.17 135.26 8.9 8.56 134.92
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
77.22 28.26 0.08 105.56 49.04 48.88 105.4
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
84.75 37.19 0.08 122.02 47.64 47.48 121.86
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
65.38 43.69 0.02 109.09 21.71 21.67 109.05
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

238 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


210.75 991.31 1260.49 10.69 SAFE 74.04 1364.72 9.22 SAFE
F3-C24 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
251.15 991.31 989.48 7.89 SAFE 106.69 1200.47 5.63 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
299.98 991.31 1189.72 7.28 SAFE 129.38 1321.83 5.11 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
259.66 991.31 704.38 6.54 SAFE 118.04 1027.68 4.36 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
253.41 991.31 1027.31 7.97 SAFE 107.09 1223.4 5.72 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
302.61 991.31 1237 7.37 SAFE 129.7 1350.48 5.21 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
261.49 991.31 751.66 6.67 SAFE 118.25 1056.34 4.47 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
666.05 991.31 1073.88 3.11 SAFE 149.73 1251.62 4.18 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
810.88 991.31 1295.22 2.82 SAFE 179.54 1385.77 3.86 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
735.26 991.31 809.87 2.45 SAFE 152.97 1091.62 3.57 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
328.86 991.31 942.91 5.89 SAFE 31.27 1172.25 18.75 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
432.75 991.31 1131.5 4.91 SAFE 46.72 1286.55 13.77 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
508.38 991.31 646.16 3.23 SAFE 73.28 992.4 6.78 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.36 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 784.98 kN
Punching Shear,P = 784.976 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 717.4 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 717400
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 113.84 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
161.2 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 161.06 kN/m2
525

161.01 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 160.74 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

21.84 kN/m2 161.2 kN/m2

102.08 kN/m2 124.25 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 124.248 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
84.05 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 84.048 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 388.3 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 161.059 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
120.86 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 120.859 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 486.46 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 486.46 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.36
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.43 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4272 x 1
= 0.53 N/mm2
Depth Required = 486458
0.534 x 4600
= 274 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 161.2 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 121.62 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 121.619 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 225.34 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1876.93 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 167 mm
Provide Spacing = 165

Area Provided = 1903.03 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C25
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
239 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 11.95 919.78 54.27 42.95 -2.29 -14.82
F3-C25 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -76.36 784.51 43.5 34.46 3.82 172.48
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -95.41 947.04 48.85 38.83 5.01 215.59
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -100.21 592.57 29.35 23.35 5.83 221.52
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 95.48 687.13 43.32 34.25 -7.49 -196.18
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 119.4 825.32 48.63 38.57 -9.13 -245.23
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 114.6 470.85 29.13 23.09 -8.3 -239.3
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 9.73 781.5 -45.73 -470.49 0.75 -12.15
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 12.2 943.27 -62.68 -592.35 1.17 -15.19
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 7.4 588.8 -82.18 -607.83 1.99 -9.27
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 9.4 690.15 132.55 539.2 -4.42 -11.55
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 11.79 829.09 160.16 669.76 -5.29 -14.44
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 6.99 474.62 140.67 654.28 -4.46 -8.52

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 919.776 + 600.79


= 1520.57 kN

P/A = 1520.566 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 100.17 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 42.945 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 3.691 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 14.816 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 1.775 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 100.169 + 3.691 + 1.775

pmax = 105.64 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 100.169 - 3.691 - 1.775

pmin = 94.71 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 45.43 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 919.776 x 3.3 / 2


= 1517.64 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1517.64 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2508.95 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2508.95 / 45.43


= 55.23 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 55.57 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1520.57 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1520.566 x 0.5 / 55.57


= 13.69 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
239 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 100.17 3.7 1.78 105.65 140 94.69 SAFE
F3-C25 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
1385.3 91.26 2.97 20.66 114.89 166 67.63 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 101.97 3.34 25.83 131.14 166 72.8 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 78.61 2.01 26.54 107.16 166 50.07 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 84.84 2.95 23.5 111.29 166 58.4 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 93.95 3.32 29.38 126.65 166 61.25 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 70.6 1.99 28.67 101.26 166 39.94 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 91.06 40.43 1.46 132.95 166 49.17 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 101.72 50.9 1.82 154.44 166 49 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 78.37 52.23 1.11 131.71 166 25.03 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 85.04 46.34 1.39 132.77 166 37.32 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 94.19 57.55 1.73 153.47 166 34.92 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 70.84 56.22 1.03 128.09 166 13.6 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 105.65 kN/m2 pmax = 154.44 kN/m2
pmin = 94.69 kN/m2 pmin = 13.6 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
239 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
100.17 3.7 1.78 105.65 98.25 94.69 102.09
F3-C25 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
91.26 2.97 20.66 114.89 108.95 67.63 73.57
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
101.97 3.34 25.83 131.14 124.46 72.8 79.48
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
78.61 2.01 26.54 107.16 103.14 50.06 54.08
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
84.84 2.95 23.5 111.29 105.39 58.39 64.29
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
93.95 3.32 29.38 126.65 120.01 61.25 67.89
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
70.6 1.99 28.67 101.26 97.28 39.94 43.92
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
91.06 40.43 1.46 132.95 52.09 49.17 130.03
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
101.72 50.9 1.82 154.44 52.64 49 150.8
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
78.37 52.23 1.11 131.71 27.25 25.03 129.49
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
85.04 46.34 1.39 132.77 40.09 37.31 129.99
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
94.19 57.55 1.73 153.48 38.38 34.92 150.02
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
70.84 56.22 1.03 128.09 15.65 13.59 126.03
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

239 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


45.43 991.31 1517.64 55.23 SAFE 55.57 1520.57 13.69 SAFE
F3-C25 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
175.88 991.31 1294.44 13 SAFE 87.88 1385.3 7.89 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
219.06 991.31 1562.62 11.66 SAFE 107.19 1547.83 7.23 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
222.75 991.31 977.74 8.84 SAFE 104.42 1193.36 5.72 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
199.15 991.31 1133.77 10.68 SAFE 104.85 1287.92 6.15 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
248.24 991.31 1361.78 9.48 SAFE 128.92 1426.11 5.54 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
240.41 991.31 776.9 7.36 SAFE 118.24 1071.64 4.54 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
470.64 991.31 1289.47 4.85 SAFE 46.75 1382.29 14.79 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
592.55 991.31 1556.41 4.3 SAFE 63.86 1544.06 12.09 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
607.9 991.31 971.53 3.23 SAFE 82.51 1189.59 7.21 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
539.32 991.31 1138.75 3.95 SAFE 132.88 1290.94 4.86 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
669.91 991.31 1368 3.53 SAFE 160.59 1429.88 4.46 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
654.33 991.31 783.12 2.72 SAFE 140.84 1075.41 3.82 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.34 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 947.04 kN
Punching Shear,P = 947.04 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 865.51 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 865510
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 137.34 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
154.44 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 153.33 kN/m2
525

152.91 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 150.8 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

52.64 kN/m2 154.44 kN/m2

111.25 kN/m2 127.45 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 127.445 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
87.25 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 87.245 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 403.07 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 153.33 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
113.13 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 113.13 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 455.35 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 455.35 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.34
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.42 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4168 x 1
= 0.52 N/mm2
Depth Required = 455349
0.521 x 4600
= 265 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 154.44 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 114.86 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 114.857 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 212.81 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1767.19 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 177 mm
Provide Spacing = 175

Area Provided = 1794.29 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F3
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C28
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.93

W
Wp

1.93
Z

1.4 Lp 1.4
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 0.6
= 227.7 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.3 x 4.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 373.09 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 227.7 + 0 + 373.086
= 600.79 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
242 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 0.93 783.66 -86.5 -252.13 -6.23 -2.09
F3-C28 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -87.76 629.61 -68.35 -199.51 -0.54 185.73
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -109.59 757.23 -76.8 -225.04 -0.25 232.02
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -110.01 455.68 -45.65 -133.93 2.07 232.91
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.25 624.25 -70.06 -203.89 -9.43 -189.07
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 111.68 750.54 -78.94 -230.51 -11.37 -236.48
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 111.26 448.99 -47.79 -139.4 -9.05 -235.59
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.51 662.15 -150.49 -643.23 -12.52 -1.12
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 0.76 797.91 -179.48 -779.68 -15.24 -1.54
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.34 496.35 -148.34 -688.57 -12.91 -0.65
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 0.98 591.71 12.09 239.82 2.56 -2.22
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.34 709.86 23.75 324.13 3.61 -2.92
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 0.92 408.31 54.89 415.24 5.94 -2.02

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.3 x 4.6
A = 15.18 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.3 x 4.6 x 4.6


Zxx = 11.64 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.6 x 3.3 x 3.3


Zzz = 8.35 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 783.66 + 600.79


= 1384.45 kN

P/A = 1384.45 / (3.3 x 4.6 )


= 91.2 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 252.127 / 11.638


Mxx/Zxx = 21.665 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 2.088 / 8.349


Mzz/Zzz = 0.251 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 91.202 + 21.665 + 0.251

pmax = 113.12 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 91.202 - 21.665 - 0.251

pmin = 69.29 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 252.14 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 783.66 x 3.3 / 2


= 1293.04 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.65


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 227.7 x 1.65


= 375.71 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 373.086 x 1.65


= 615.6 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1293.04 + 0 + 375.71 + 615.6


= 2284.35 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2284.35 / 252.14


= 9.06 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 86.51 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1384.45 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1384.45 x 0.5 / 86.51


= 8.01 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
242 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 91.2 21.67 0.26 113.13 140 69.28 SAFE
F3-C28 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
1230.4 81.05 17.15 22.25 120.45 166 41.66 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 89.46 19.34 27.8 136.6 166 42.33 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 69.6 11.51 27.9 109.01 166 30.19 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 80.7 17.52 22.65 120.87 166 40.54 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 89.02 19.81 28.33 137.16 166 40.89 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 69.16 11.98 28.22 109.36 166 28.96 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 83.2 55.27 0.14 138.61 166 27.79 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
1398.7 92.14 67 0.19 159.33 166 24.96 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 72.28 59.17 0.08 131.53 166 13.03 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
1192.5 78.56 20.61 0.27 99.44 166 57.68 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 86.34 27.86 0.35 114.55 166 58.14 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
1009.1 66.48 35.68 0.25 102.41 166 30.55 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 113.13 kN/m2 pmax = 159.33 kN/m2
pmin = 69.28 kN/m2 pmin = 13.03 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
242 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
91.2 21.67 0.26 113.13 69.79 69.27 112.61
F3-C28 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
81.05 17.15 22.25 120.45 86.15 41.65 75.95
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
89.46 19.34 27.8 136.6 97.92 42.32 81
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
69.6 11.51 27.9 109.01 85.99 30.19 53.21
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
80.7 17.52 22.65 120.87 85.83 40.53 75.57
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
89.02 19.81 28.33 137.16 97.54 40.88 80.5
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
69.16 11.98 28.22 109.36 85.4 28.96 52.92
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
83.2 55.27 0.14 138.61 28.07 27.79 138.33
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
92.14 67 0.19 159.33 25.33 24.95 158.95
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
72.28 59.17 0.08 131.53 13.19 13.03 131.37
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
78.56 20.61 0.27 99.44 58.22 57.68 98.9
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
86.34 27.86 0.35 114.55 58.83 58.13 113.85
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
66.48 35.68 0.25 102.41 31.05 30.55 101.91
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

242 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


252.14 991.31 1293.04 9.07 SAFE 86.51 1384.45 8.01 SAFE
F3-C28 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
272.58 991.31 1038.85 7.45 SAFE 111.24 1230.4 5.54 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
323.22 991.31 1249.44 6.94 SAFE 133.82 1358.02 5.08 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
268.67 991.31 751.87 6.49 SAFE 119.1 1056.47 4.44 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
278.06 991.31 1030.02 7.27 SAFE 113.46 1225.04 5.4 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
330.24 991.31 1238.39 6.76 SAFE 136.76 1351.33 4.95 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
273.74 991.31 740.83 6.33 SAFE 121.09 1049.78 4.34 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
643.23 991.31 1092.55 3.24 SAFE 150.49 1262.94 4.2 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
779.68 991.31 1316.55 2.97 SAFE 179.48 1398.7 3.9 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
688.57 991.31 818.99 2.63 SAFE 148.34 1097.14 3.7 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
239.83 991.31 976.33 8.21 SAFE 12.13 1192.5 49.17 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
324.15 991.31 1171.28 6.68 SAFE 23.78 1310.65 27.56 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
415.25 991.31 673.71 4.01 SAFE 54.9 1009.1 9.2 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3300 mm
Width = 4600 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.35 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 797.91 kN
Punching Shear,P = 797.907 x (( 3.3 x 4.6 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.3 * 4.6 )
P = 729.22 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 729220
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 115.71 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
159.33 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1400
0 1925 159.22 kN/m2
525

159.17 kN/m2
d 600 4600
750

500
200 158.95 kN/m2
1400
525 875

3300

25.33 kN/m2 159.33 kN/m2

102.48 kN/m2 123.8 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 123.801 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
83.6 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3300 mm
Width at critical section = 1400 mm
Shear Force = 83.601 x 3.3 x 1.4
= 386.24 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 159.216 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
119.02 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4600 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 119.016 x 4.6 x 0.875
= 479.04 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 479.04 kN


Corresponding Length = 4600 mm

% Ast = 0.35
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.42 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.422 x 1
= 0.53 N/mm2
Depth Required = 479040
0.5275 x 4600
= 273 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 159.33 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 227.7 + 373.086 ) / ( 3.3 x 4.6 )
= 39.58
Net causing moment = 119.75 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 119.751 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2


= 221.88 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1846.55 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 170 mm
Provide Spacing = 170

Area Provided = 1847.06 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 170 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 600.79 kN

Area Load = 600.786 / (3.3 x 4.6)

39.58 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.93 m

Bending Moment = 39.58 x 1.925 x 1.925 / 2

= 73.33 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 589.75 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 191
mm
Provide Spacing = 190
mm
Area Provided = 594.95 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3300 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 170 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F4
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C9
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.7 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.7 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.98

W
Wp

1.98
Z

1.6 Lp 1.6
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.7 x 4.7 x 0.6
= 260.85 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.7 x 4.7) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 428.78 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 260.85 + 0 + 428.778
= 689.63 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
285 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 1.36 927.08 91.73 249.7 -2.12 -2.41
F4-C9 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -79.96 744.4 73.56 200.06 -8.87 177.17
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -99.94 891.85 81.88 221.97 -10.52 221.49
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -100.49 536.48 49.22 133.33 -9.9 222.44
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 82.14 738.92 73.21 199.45 5.48 -181.03
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 102.68 884.99 81.44 221.21 7.41 -226.27
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 102.13 529.62 48.77 132.57 8.04 -225.32
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 0.92 699.15 -23.42 -329.54 -4.93 -1.73
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 1.15 835.28 -39.34 -440.03 -5.59 -2.14
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 0.6 479.91 -72 -528.67 -4.97 -1.18
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 1.26 784.17 170.19 729.06 1.54 -2.14
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 1.59 941.56 202.66 883.21 2.49 -2.65
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 1.04 586.19 170 794.57 3.11 -1.69

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.7 x 4.7
A = 17.39 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.7 x 4.7 x 4.7


Zxx = 13.62 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.7 x 3.7 x 3.7


Zzz = 10.72 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 927.076 + 689.63


= 1616.71 kN

P/A = 1616.706 / (3.7 x 4.7 )


= 92.97 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 249.697 / 13.623


Mxx/Zxx = 18.330 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 2.414 / 10.724


Mzz/Zzz = 0.226 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 92.968 + 18.33 + 0.226

pmax = 111.53 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 92.968 - 18.33 - 0.226

pmin = 74.42 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 249.71 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 927.076 x 3.7 / 2


= 1715.1 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.85


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 260.85 x 1.85


= 482.57 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 428.778 x 1.85


= 793.24 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1715.1 + 0 + 482.57 + 793.24


= 2990.91 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2990.91 / 249.71


= 11.98 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 91.75 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1616.71 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1616.706 x 0.5 / 91.75


= 8.82 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
285 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 92.97 18.33 0.23 111.53 140 74.41 SAFE
F4-C9 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 82.46 14.69 16.53 113.68 166 51.25 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 90.94 16.3 20.66 127.9 166 53.99 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 70.51 9.79 20.75 101.05 166 39.97 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 82.15 14.65 16.89 113.69 166 50.61 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 90.55 16.24 21.1 127.89 166 53.21 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 70.11 9.74 21.02 100.87 166 39.36 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 79.86 24.19 0.17 104.22 166 55.51 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 87.69 32.31 0.2 120.2 166 55.18 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 67.25 38.81 0.12 106.18 166 28.33 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
1473.8 84.75 53.52 0.2 138.47 166 31.04 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 93.8 64.84 0.25 158.89 166 28.72 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 73.37 58.33 0.16 131.86 166 14.88 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 111.53 kN/m2 pmax = 158.89 kN/m2
pmin = 74.41 kN/m2 pmin = 14.88 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
285 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
92.97 18.33 0.23 111.53 74.87 74.41 111.07
F4-C9 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
82.46 14.69 16.53 113.68 84.3 51.24 80.62
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
90.94 16.3 20.66 127.9 95.3 53.98 86.58
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
70.51 9.79 20.75 101.05 81.47 39.97 59.55
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
82.15 14.65 16.89 113.69 84.39 50.61 79.91
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
90.55 16.24 21.1 127.89 95.41 53.21 85.69
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
70.11 9.74 21.02 100.87 81.39 39.35 58.83
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
79.86 24.19 0.17 104.22 55.84 55.5 103.88
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
87.69 32.31 0.2 120.2 55.58 55.18 119.8
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
67.25 38.81 0.12 106.18 28.56 28.32 105.94
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
84.75 53.52 0.2 138.47 31.43 31.03 138.07
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
93.8 64.84 0.25 158.89 29.21 28.71 158.39
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
73.37 58.33 0.16 131.86 15.2 14.88 131.54
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

285 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


249.71 1275.81 1715.1 11.98 SAFE 91.74 1616.71 8.82 SAFE
F4-C9 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
267.23 1275.81 1377.15 9.93 SAFE 108.65 1434.03 6.6 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
313.57 1275.81 1649.92 9.34 SAFE 129.2 1581.48 6.13 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
259.34 1275.81 992.49 8.75 SAFE 111.89 1226.11 5.48 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
269.36 1275.81 1367.01 9.82 SAFE 110.02 1428.55 6.5 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
316.44 1275.81 1637.24 9.21 SAFE 131.05 1574.62 6.01 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
261.42 1275.81 979.81 8.63 SAFE 113.18 1219.25 5.39 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
329.54 1275.81 1293.43 7.8 SAFE 23.43 1388.78 29.64 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
440.04 1275.81 1545.27 6.42 SAFE 39.36 1524.91 19.38 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
528.67 1275.81 887.84 4.1 SAFE 72.01 1169.54 8.13 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
729.06 1275.81 1450.73 3.74 SAFE 170.19 1473.8 4.33 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
883.21 1275.81 1741.89 3.42 SAFE 202.67 1631.19 4.03 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
794.57 1275.81 1084.46 2.98 SAFE 170 1275.82 3.76 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3700 mm
Width = 4700 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.37 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 941.56 kN
Punching Shear,P = 941.559 x (( 3.7 x 4.7 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.7 * 4.7 )
P = 870.8 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 870800
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 138.18 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
158.89 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1450
0 1975 158.74 kN/m2
525

158.68 kN/m2
d 600 4700
750

500
200 158.39 kN/m2
1600
525 1075

3700

29.21 kN/m2 158.89 kN/m2

102.81 kN/m2 121.21 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 121.214 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
81.01 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3700 mm
Width at critical section = 1450 mm
Shear Force = 81.014 x 3.7 x 1.45
= 434.64 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 158.737 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
118.54 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4700 mm
Width at critical section = 1075 mm
Shear Force = 118.537 x 4.7 x 1.075
= 598.91 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 598.91 kN


Corresponding Length = 4700 mm

% Ast = 0.37
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.43 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4324 x 1
= 0.54 N/mm2
Depth Required = 598909
0.5405 x 4700
= 311 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 158.89 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 260.85 + 428.778 ) / ( 3.7 x 4.7 )
= 39.66
Net causing moment = 119.23 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.98 m

Bending Moment = 119.231 x 1.975 x 1.975 / 2


= 232.54 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1940.31 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 161 mm
Provide Spacing = 160

Area Provided = 1962.5 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 689.63 kN

Area Load = 689.628 / (3.7 x 4.7)

39.66 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.98 m

Bending Moment = 39.66 x 1.975 x 1.975 / 2

= 77.35 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 622.62 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 181
mm
Provide Spacing = 180
mm
Area Provided = 628 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3700 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4700 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F4
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C10
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.7 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.7 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.98

W
Wp

1.98
Z

1.6 Lp 1.6
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.7 x 4.7 x 0.6
= 260.85 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.7 x 4.7) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 428.78 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 260.85 + 0 + 428.778
= 689.63 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
255 5 1.5 (DL+LL) -5.9 1042.14 119.44 222.46 1.65 5.91
F4-C10 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -90.83 791.85 94.87 175.63 -2.87 189.7
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -113.59 954.03 108.33 193.54 -3.8 237.18
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -111.21 551.49 64.66 114.96 -4.37 234.79
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 81.39 875.57 96.23 180.31 5.5 -180.24
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 101.69 1058.67 110.02 199.38 6.67 -225.24
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 104.07 656.13 66.35 120.8 6.09 -227.63
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -4.17 756.25 -22.16 -304.89 -3.41 4
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -5.27 909.53 -37.96 -407.11 -4.48 5.06
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -2.89 506.98 -81.63 -485.7 -5.05 2.67
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -5.26 911.17 213.26 660.83 6.05 5.46
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -6.63 1103.18 256.31 800.04 7.35 6.89
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -4.25 700.64 212.64 721.45 6.77 4.5

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.7 x 4.7
A = 17.39 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.7 x 4.7 x 4.7


Zxx = 13.62 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.7 x 3.7 x 3.7


Zzz = 10.72 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 1042.138 + 689.63


= 1731.77 kN

P/A = 1731.768 / (3.7 x 4.7 )


= 99.58 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 222.464 / 13.623


Mxx/Zxx = 16.331 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 5.912 / 10.724


Mzz/Zzz = 0.552 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 99.584 + 16.331 + 0.552

pmax = 116.47 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 99.584 - 16.331 - 0.552

pmin = 82.71 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 222.55 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 1042.138 x 3.7 / 2


= 1927.96 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.85


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 260.85 x 1.85


= 482.57 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 428.778 x 1.85


= 793.24 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1927.96 + 0 + 482.57 + 793.24


= 3203.77 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 3203.77 / 222.55


= 14.4 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 119.59 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1731.77 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1731.768 x 0.5 / 119.59


= 7.25 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
255 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 99.58 16.34 0.56 116.48 140 82.69 SAFE
F4-C10 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 85.19 12.9 17.69 115.78 166 54.61 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 94.52 14.21 22.12 130.85 166 58.19 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 71.37 8.44 21.9 101.71 166 41.03 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
1565.2 90.01 13.24 16.81 120.06 166 59.96 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
1748.3 100.54 14.64 21.01 136.19 166 64.89 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 77.39 8.87 21.23 107.49 166 47.29 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 83.14 22.39 0.38 105.91 166 60.38 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 91.96 29.89 0.48 122.33 166 61.59 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 68.81 35.66 0.25 104.72 166 32.91 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
1600.8 92.05 48.51 0.51 141.07 166 43.04 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 103.09 58.73 0.65 162.47 166 43.72 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 79.95 52.96 0.42 133.33 166 26.57 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 116.48 kN/m2 pmax = 162.47 kN/m2
pmin = 82.69 kN/m2 pmin = 26.57 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
255 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
99.58 16.34 0.56 116.49 83.81 82.69 115.37
F4-C10 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
85.19 12.9 17.69 115.78 89.98 54.6 80.4
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
94.52 14.21 22.12 130.85 102.43 58.19 86.61
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
71.37 8.44 21.9 101.71 84.83 41.03 57.91
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
90.01 13.24 16.81 120.06 93.58 59.96 86.44
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
100.54 14.64 21.01 136.19 106.91 64.89 94.17
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
77.39 8.87 21.23 107.49 89.75 47.29 65.03
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
83.14 22.39 0.38 105.92 61.14 60.38 105.16
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
91.96 29.89 0.48 122.33 62.55 61.59 121.37
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
68.81 35.66 0.25 104.72 33.4 32.9 104.22
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
92.05 48.51 0.51 141.07 44.05 43.03 140.05
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
103.09 58.73 0.65 162.48 45.02 43.72 161.18
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
79.95 52.96 0.42 133.33 27.41 26.57 132.49
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

255 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


222.54 1275.81 1927.96 14.4 SAFE 119.58 1731.77 7.25 SAFE
F4-C10 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
258.52 1275.81 1464.93 10.61 SAFE 131.34 1481.48 5.64 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
306.12 1275.81 1764.97 9.94 SAFE 156.96 1643.66 5.24 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
261.42 1275.81 1020.27 8.79 SAFE 128.64 1241.12 4.83 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
254.94 1275.81 1619.8 11.36 SAFE 126.03 1565.2 6.21 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
300.81 1275.81 1958.55 10.76 SAFE 149.82 1748.3 5.84 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
257.69 1275.81 1213.85 9.67 SAFE 123.42 1345.76 5.46 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
304.92 1275.81 1399.06 8.78 SAFE 22.55 1445.88 32.07 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
407.15 1275.81 1682.63 7.27 SAFE 38.32 1599.16 20.87 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
485.71 1275.81 937.93 4.56 SAFE 81.68 1196.61 7.33 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
660.86 1275.81 1685.67 4.49 SAFE 213.32 1600.8 3.76 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
800.07 1275.81 2040.89 4.15 SAFE 256.39 1792.81 3.5 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
721.47 1275.81 1296.19 3.57 SAFE 212.68 1390.27 3.27 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3700 mm
Width = 4700 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.39 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 1103.18 kN
Punching Shear,P = 1103.182 x (( 3.7 x 4.7 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.7 * 4.7 )
P = 1020.28 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 1020280
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 161.9 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
162.48 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1450
0 1975 162.07 kN/m2
525

161.93 kN/m2
d 600 4700
750

500
200 161.18 kN/m2
1600
525 1075

3700

45.02 kN/m2 162.48 kN/m2

111.68 kN/m2 128.35 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 128.349 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
88.15 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3700 mm
Width at critical section = 1450 mm
Shear Force = 88.149 x 3.7 x 1.45
= 472.92 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 162.074 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
121.87 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4700 mm
Width at critical section = 1075 mm
Shear Force = 121.874 x 4.7 x 1.075
= 615.77 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 615.77 kN


Corresponding Length = 4700 mm

% Ast = 0.39
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.44 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4428 x 1
= 0.55 N/mm2
Depth Required = 615769
0.5535 x 4700
= 312 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 162.48 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 260.85 + 428.778 ) / ( 3.7 x 4.7 )
= 39.66
Net causing moment = 122.82 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.98 m

Bending Moment = 122.815 x 1.975 x 1.975 / 2


= 239.53 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 2002.07 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 156 mm
Provide Spacing = 155

Area Provided = 2025.81 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 689.63 kN

Area Load = 689.628 / (3.7 x 4.7)

39.66 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.98 m

Bending Moment = 39.66 x 1.975 x 1.975 / 2

= 77.35 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 622.62 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 181
mm
Provide Spacing = 180
mm
Area Provided = 628 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3700 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4700 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F4
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C26
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.8 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.7 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.98

W
Wp

1.98
Z

1.65 Lp 1.65
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.8 x 4.7 x 0.6
= 267.9 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.8 x 4.7) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 440.62 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 267.9 + 0 + 440.622
= 708.52 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
283 5 1.5 (DL+LL) -10.81 1018.46 -94.43 -274.94 11.16 10.93
F4-C26 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -89.48 817.64 -75.76 -220.5 15.97 187.41
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -111.84 983.35 -84.75 -247.35 19.06 234.27
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -107.52 591.45 -50.96 -148.69 14.96 229.89
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 72.19 811.89 -75.33 -219.4 1.88 -169.92
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 90.25 976.16 -84.23 -245.98 1.44 -212.39
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 94.57 584.26 -50.43 -147.32 -2.66 -216.76
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -8.66 857.6 -170.99 -747.67 7.19 8.8
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -10.81 1033.3 -203.79 -906.31 8.08 11
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -6.49 641.39 -170 -807.65 3.98 6.63
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -8.63 771.94 19.9 307.77 10.66 8.7
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -10.78 926.22 34.81 412.98 12.42 10.88
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -6.46 534.31 68.61 511.65 8.32 6.51

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.8 x 4.7
A = 17.86 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.8 x 4.7 x 4.7


Zxx = 13.99 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.7 x 3.8 x 3.8


Zzz = 11.31 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 1018.46 + 708.52


= 1726.98 kN

P/A = 1726.98 / (3.8 x 4.7 )


= 96.7 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 274.939 / 13.991


Mxx/Zxx = 19.652 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 10.934 / 11.312


Mzz/Zzz = 0.967 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 96.695 + 19.652 + 0.967

pmax = 117.32 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 96.695 - 19.652 - 0.967

pmin = 76.08 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 275.16 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 1018.46 x 3.8 / 2


= 1935.08 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.9


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 267.9 x 1.9


= 509.01 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 440.622 x 1.9


= 837.19 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1935.08 + 0 + 509.01 + 837.19


= 3281.28 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 3281.28 / 275.16


= 11.92 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 95.05 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1726.98 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1726.98 x 0.5 / 95.05


= 9.09 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
283 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 96.7 19.66 0.97 117.33 140 76.07 SAFE
F4-C26 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 85.45 15.77 16.57 117.79 166 53.12 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 94.73 17.68 20.71 133.12 166 56.34 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 72.79 10.63 20.33 103.75 166 41.83 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 85.13 15.69 15.03 115.85 166 54.41 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 94.33 17.59 18.78 130.7 166 57.96 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 72.38 10.53 19.17 102.08 166 42.69 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 87.69 53.44 0.78 141.91 166 33.47 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 97.53 64.78 0.98 163.29 166 31.77 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 75.58 57.73 0.59 133.9 166 17.27 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 82.89 22 0.77 105.66 166 60.13 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 91.53 29.52 0.97 122.02 166 61.05 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 69.59 36.57 0.58 106.74 166 32.44 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 117.33 kN/m2 pmax = 163.29 kN/m2
pmin = 76.07 kN/m2 pmin = 17.27 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
283 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
96.7 19.66 0.97 117.33 78.01 76.07 115.39
F4-C26 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
85.45 15.77 16.57 117.79 86.25 53.11 84.65
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
94.73 17.68 20.71 133.12 97.76 56.34 91.7
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
72.79 10.63 20.33 103.75 82.49 41.83 63.09
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
85.13 15.69 15.03 115.85 84.47 54.41 85.79
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
94.33 17.59 18.78 130.7 95.52 57.96 93.14
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
72.38 10.53 19.17 102.09 81.03 42.69 63.75
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
87.69 53.44 0.78 141.91 35.03 33.47 140.35
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
97.53 64.78 0.98 163.29 33.73 31.77 161.33
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
75.58 57.73 0.59 133.9 18.44 17.26 132.72
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
82.89 22 0.77 105.66 61.66 60.12 104.12
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
91.53 29.52 0.97 122.02 62.98 61.04 120.08
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
69.59 36.57 0.58 106.74 33.6 32.44 105.58
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

283 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


275.16 1346.2 1935.08 11.93 SAFE 95.05 1726.98 9.09 SAFE
F4-C26 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
289.38 1346.2 1553.53 10.03 SAFE 117.24 1526.16 6.51 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
340.68 1346.2 1868.37 9.44 SAFE 140.32 1691.87 6.03 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
273.78 1346.2 1123.76 9.03 SAFE 118.98 1299.97 5.47 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
277.5 1346.2 1542.6 10.41 SAFE 104.34 1520.41 7.29 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
324.98 1346.2 1854.71 9.85 SAFE 123.45 1684.68 6.83 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
262.08 1346.2 1110.1 9.38 SAFE 107.18 1292.78 6.04 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
747.72 1346.2 1629.44 3.98 SAFE 171.21 1566.12 4.58 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
906.38 1346.2 1963.27 3.66 SAFE 204.08 1741.82 4.27 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
807.67 1346.2 1218.65 3.18 SAFE 170.12 1349.91 3.97 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
307.89 1346.2 1466.68 9.14 SAFE 21.69 1480.46 34.13 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
413.12 1346.2 1759.82 7.52 SAFE 36.44 1634.74 22.43 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
511.69 1346.2 1015.2 4.62 SAFE 68.91 1242.83 9.02 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3800 mm
Width = 4700 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.39 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 1033.3 kN
Punching Shear,P = 1033.297 x (( 3.8 x 4.7 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.8 * 4.7 )
P = 957.69 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 957690
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 151.97 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
163.29 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1450
0 1975 162.68 kN/m2
525

162.46 kN/m2
d 600 4700
750

500
200 161.33 kN/m2
1650
525 1125

3800

33.73 kN/m2 163.29 kN/m2

107.03 kN/m2 124.93 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 124.931 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
84.73 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3800 mm
Width at critical section = 1450 mm
Shear Force = 84.731 x 3.8 x 1.45
= 466.87 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 162.683 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
122.48 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4700 mm
Width at critical section = 1125 mm
Shear Force = 122.483 x 4.7 x 1.125
= 647.63 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 647.63 kN


Corresponding Length = 4700 mm

% Ast = 0.39
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.44 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4428 x 1
= 0.55 N/mm2
Depth Required = 647629
0.5535 x 4700
= 324 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 163.29 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 267.9 + 440.622 ) / ( 3.8 x 4.7 )
= 39.67
Net causing moment = 123.62 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.98 m

Bending Moment = 123.617 x 1.975 x 1.975 / 2


= 241.09 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 2015.88 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 155 mm
Provide Spacing = 155

Area Provided = 2025.81 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 708.52 kN

Area Load = 708.522 / (3.8 x 4.7)

39.67 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.98 m

Bending Moment = 39.67 x 1.975 x 1.975 / 2

= 77.37 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 622.79 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 181
mm
Provide Spacing = 180
mm
Area Provided = 628 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3800 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4700 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways
FOOTING SIZE REINFORCEMENT
fdn COLUMN LENGTH WIDTH DEPTH TOP STEEL BOTTOM STEEL
L B D1 D2 ALONG L & ALONG B ALONG L & ALONG B
F1 C18 2800 5000 700 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
F1 C1 2800 5000 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
F2 C19 2750 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways
F2 C2 2750 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
F3 C3 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
F3 C4 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
F3 C5 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
F3 C6 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways
F3 C7 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
F3 C8 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
F3 C11 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
F3 C20 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways
F3 C21 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 170 mm spacing bothways
F3 C22 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
F3 C23 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways
F3 C24 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
F3 C25 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
F3 C28 3300 4600 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 170 mm spacing bothways
F4 C9 3700 4700 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways
F4 C10 3700 4700 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways
F4 C26 3800 4700 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways
F4 C27 3700 4700 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
F5 C12 3000 4100 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 135 mm spacing bothways
F5 C13 3000 4000 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways
F5 C29 3000 4200 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 130 mm spacing bothways
F5 C30 3000 4000 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 145 mm spacing bothways
F6 C14 3100 3100 500 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 195 mm spacing bothways
F6 C31 3100 3100 500 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 225 mm spacing bothways
F7 C15 3000 3600 500 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
F7 C17 3000 3600 500 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways
F8 C16 3000 4500 600 Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 200 mm spacing bothways Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 190 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F4
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C27
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.7 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.7 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.98

W
Wp

1.98
Z

1.6 Lp 1.6
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.7 x 4.7 x 0.6
= 260.85 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.7 x 4.7) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 428.78 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 260.85 + 0 + 428.778
= 689.63 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
241 5 1.5 (DL+LL) -2.72 859.21 -100.96 -303.43 -2.21 1.98
F4-C27 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -87.08 643.98 -80.44 -242.46 4 184.89
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -108.92 770.15 -90.5 -274.5 5.23 231.17
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -107.81 440.4 -54.14 -164.55 6.02 230.36
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 82.74 730.75 -81.1 -243.04 -7.54 -181.73
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 103.36 878.62 -91.32 -275.22 -9.2 -227.09
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 104.47 548.86 -54.95 -165.28 -8.41 -227.91
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -2.28 725.7 -169.19 -720.91 -7.01 1.89
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -2.92 872.31 -201.44 -872.56 -8.53 2.43
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -1.81 542.55 -165.07 -762.62 -7.74 1.61
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -2.06 649.03 7.65 235.42 3.47 1.27
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -2.64 776.46 19.62 322.85 4.56 1.66
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -1.53 446.71 55.98 432.79 5.35 0.84

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.7 x 4.7
A = 17.39 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.7 x 4.7 x 4.7


Zxx = 13.62 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.7 x 3.7 x 3.7


Zzz = 10.72 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 859.206 + 689.63


= 1548.84 kN

P/A = 1548.836 / (3.7 x 4.7 )


= 89.07 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 303.433 / 13.623


Mxx/Zxx = 22.274 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 1.975 / 10.724


Mzz/Zzz = 0.185 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 89.065 + 22.274 + 0.185

pmax = 111.53 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 89.065 - 22.274 - 0.185

pmin = 66.61 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 303.44 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 859.206 x 3.7 / 2


= 1589.54 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.85


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 260.85 x 1.85


= 482.57 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 428.778 x 1.85


= 793.24 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1589.54 + 0 + 482.57 + 793.24


= 2865.35 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2865.35 / 303.44


= 9.44 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 101 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1548.84 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1548.836 x 0.5 / 101


= 7.67 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
241 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 89.06 22.28 0.19 111.53 140 66.6 SAFE
F4-C27 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 76.69 17.8 17.25 111.74 166 41.64 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 83.94 20.15 21.56 125.65 166 42.24 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 64.98 12.08 21.49 98.55 166 31.42 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 81.68 17.85 16.95 116.48 166 46.88 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 90.18 20.21 21.18 131.57 166 48.8 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
### 71.22 12.14 21.26 104.62 166 37.82 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 81.39 52.92 0.18 134.49 166 28.29 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 89.82 64.06 0.23 154.11 166 25.53 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 70.86 55.99 0.16 127.01 166 14.71 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 76.98 17.29 0.12 94.39 166 59.57 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 84.31 23.7 0.16 108.17 166 60.45 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 65.34 31.77 0.08 97.19 166 33.5 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 111.53 kN/m2 pmax = 154.11 kN/m2
pmin = 66.6 kN/m2 pmin = 14.71 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
241 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
89.06 22.28 0.19 111.54 66.98 66.6 111.16
F4-C27 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
76.69 17.8 17.25 111.74 76.14 41.64 77.24
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
83.94 20.15 21.56 125.65 85.35 42.23 82.53
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
64.98 12.08 21.49 98.55 74.39 31.41 55.57
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
81.68 17.85 16.95 116.48 80.78 46.88 82.58
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
90.18 20.21 21.18 131.57 91.15 48.79 89.21
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
71.22 12.14 21.26 104.62 80.34 37.82 62.1
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
81.39 52.92 0.18 134.49 28.65 28.29 134.13
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
89.82 64.06 0.23 154.11 25.99 25.53 153.65
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
70.86 55.99 0.16 127.01 15.03 14.71 126.69
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
76.98 17.29 0.12 94.39 59.81 59.57 94.15
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
84.31 23.7 0.16 108.17 60.77 60.45 107.85
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
65.34 31.77 0.08 97.2 33.66 33.5 97.04
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

241 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


303.44 1275.81 1589.54 9.45 SAFE 101 1548.84 7.67 SAFE
F4-C27 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
304.91 1275.81 1191.37 8.1 SAFE 118.55 1333.61 5.63 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
358.87 1275.81 1424.79 7.53 SAFE 141.61 1459.78 5.16 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
283.09 1275.81 814.74 7.39 SAFE 120.63 1130.03 4.69 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
303.46 1275.81 1351.89 8.66 SAFE 115.86 1420.38 6.13 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
356.81 1275.81 1625.45 8.14 SAFE 137.92 1568.25 5.69 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
281.53 1275.81 1015.4 8.14 SAFE 118.04 1238.49 5.25 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
720.91 1275.81 1342.55 3.64 SAFE 169.21 1415.33 4.19 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
872.57 1275.81 1613.77 3.32 SAFE 201.46 1561.94 3.88 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
762.62 1275.81 1003.73 2.99 SAFE 165.08 1232.18 3.74 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
235.42 1275.81 1200.71 10.52 SAFE 7.92 1338.66 84.47 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
322.85 1275.81 1436.46 8.41 SAFE 19.79 1466.09 37.04 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
432.79 1275.81 826.42 4.86 SAFE 56 1136.34 10.15 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3700 mm
Width = 4700 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.36 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 878.62 kN
Punching Shear,P = 878.617 x (( 3.7 x 4.7 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3.7 * 4.7 )
P = 812.59 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 812590
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 128.94 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
154.11 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1450
0 1975 153.97 kN/m2
525

153.92 kN/m2
d 600 4700
750

500
200 153.65 kN/m2
1600
525 1075

3700

25.99 kN/m2 154.11 kN/m2

98.71 kN/m2 116.89 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 116.885 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
76.69 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3700 mm
Width at critical section = 1450 mm
Shear Force = 76.685 x 3.7 x 1.45
= 411.42 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 153.968 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
113.77 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4700 mm
Width at critical section = 1075 mm
Shear Force = 113.768 x 4.7 x 1.075
= 574.81 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 574.81 kN


Corresponding Length = 4700 mm

% Ast = 0.36
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.43 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.4272 x 1
= 0.53 N/mm2
Depth Required = 574813
0.534 x 4700
= 305 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 154.11 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 260.85 + 428.778 ) / ( 3.7 x 4.7 )
= 39.66
Net causing moment = 114.45 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.98 m

Bending Moment = 114.449 x 1.975 x 1.975 / 2


= 223.21 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1858.22 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 20 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 314 mm2
Spacing = 168 mm
Provide Spacing = 165

Area Provided = 1903.03 mm2

Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 689.63 kN

Area Load = 689.628 / (3.7 x 4.7)

39.66 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.98 m

Bending Moment = 39.66 x 1.975 x 1.975 / 2

= 77.35 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 622.62 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 181
mm
Provide Spacing = 180
mm
Area Provided = 628 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3700 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4700 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 180 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 20 mm dia Bars @ 165 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F5
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C12
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.1 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.68

W
Wp

1.68
Z

1.25 Lp 1.25
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3 x 4.1 x 0.6
= 184.5 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3 x 4.1) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 300.51 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 184.5 + 0 + 300.51
= 485.01 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
257 5 1.5 (DL+LL) -1.03 703.31 51.88 141.85 8.03 0.54
F5-C12 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -91.69 524.24 36.25 99.43 2.32 190.97
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -114.62 632.57 39.9 109.08 2.02 238.69
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -114.2 360.33 21.31 58.42 -0.85 238.48
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 90.03 601.07 46.76 127.52 10.53 -190.11
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 112.53 728.6 53.03 144.19 12.29 -237.65
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 112.95 456.37 34.44 93.54 9.43 -237.86
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -0.84 532.1 -23.21 -237.79 -12.63 0.13
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -1.06 642.4 -34.43 -312.45 -16.67 0.15
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -0.64 370.16 -53.01 -363.1 -19.53 -0.06
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -0.82 593.2 106.21 464.74 25.48 0.73
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -1.03 718.77 127.35 565.71 30.97 0.9
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -0.62 446.54 108.77 515.06 28.11 0.69

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3 x 4.1
A = 12.3 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3 x 4.1 x 4.1


Zxx = 8.41 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.1 x 3 x 3


Zzz = 6.15 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 703.314 + 485.01


= 1188.32 kN

P/A = 1188.324 / (3 x 4.1 )


= 96.61 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 141.846 / 8.405


Mxx/Zxx = 16.877 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 0.537 / 6.15


Mzz/Zzz = 0.088 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 96.612 + 16.877 + 0.088

pmax = 113.58 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 96.612 - 16.877 - 0.088

pmin = 79.65 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 141.85 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 703.314 x 3 / 2


= 1054.98 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.5


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 184.5 x 1.5


= 276.75 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 300.51 x 1.5


= 450.77 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1054.98 + 0 + 276.75 + 450.77


= 1782.5 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1782.5 / 141.85


= 12.57 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 51.89 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1188.32 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1188.324 x 0.5 / 51.89


= 11.46 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
257 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 96.61 16.88 0.09 113.58 140 79.65 SAFE
F5-C12 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 82.05 11.84 31.06 124.95 166 39.16 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 90.86 12.98 38.82 142.66 166 39.06 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
845.34 68.73 6.96 38.78 114.47 166 22.99 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 88.3 15.18 30.92 134.4 166 42.2 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 98.67 17.16 38.65 154.48 166 42.86 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
941.38 76.53 11.13 38.68 126.34 166 26.73 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 82.69 28.3 0.03 111.02 166 54.37 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 91.66 37.18 0.03 128.87 166 54.45 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
855.17 69.53 43.21 0.02 112.76 166 26.3 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 87.66 55.3 0.12 143.08 166 32.24 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 97.87 67.31 0.15 165.33 166 30.41 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
931.55 75.74 61.29 0.12 137.15 166 14.33 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 113.58 kN/m2 pmax = 165.33 kN/m2
pmin = 79.65 kN/m2 pmin = 14.33 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
257 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
96.61 16.88 0.09 113.58 79.82 79.64 113.4
F5-C12 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
82.05 11.84 31.06 124.95 101.27 39.15 62.83
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
90.86 12.98 38.82 142.66 116.7 39.06 65.02
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
68.73 6.96 38.78 114.47 100.55 22.99 36.91
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
88.3 15.18 30.92 134.4 104.04 42.2 72.56
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
98.67 17.16 38.65 154.48 120.16 42.86 77.18
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
76.53 11.13 38.68 126.35 104.09 26.73 48.99
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
82.69 28.3 0.03 111.02 54.42 54.36 110.96
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
91.66 37.18 0.03 128.87 54.51 54.45 128.81
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
69.53 43.21 0.02 112.76 26.34 26.3 112.72
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
87.66 55.3 0.12 143.08 32.48 32.24 142.84
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
97.87 67.31 0.15 165.33 30.71 30.41 165.03
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
75.74 61.29 0.12 137.15 14.57 14.33 136.91
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

257 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


141.85 727.52 1054.98 12.57 SAFE 51.89 1188.32 11.46 SAFE
F5-C12 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
215.3 727.52 786.36 7.04 SAFE 98.59 1009.25 5.12 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
262.44 727.52 948.86 6.39 SAFE 121.37 1117.58 4.61 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
245.54 727.52 540.51 5.17 SAFE 116.17 845.34 3.64 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
228.92 727.52 901.6 7.12 SAFE 101.45 1086.08 5.36 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
277.97 727.52 1092.91 6.55 SAFE 124.4 1213.61 4.88 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
255.59 727.52 684.56 5.53 SAFE 118.08 941.38 3.99 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
237.79 727.52 798.16 6.42 SAFE 23.23 1017.11 21.9 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
312.45 727.52 963.6 5.42 SAFE 34.44 1127.41 16.37 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
363.1 727.52 555.25 3.54 SAFE 53.02 855.17 8.07 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
464.74 727.52 889.81 3.49 SAFE 106.22 1078.21 5.08 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
565.71 727.52 1078.16 3.2 SAFE 127.36 1203.78 4.73 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
515.06 727.52 669.81 2.72 SAFE 108.77 931.55 4.29 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3000 mm
Width = 4100 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.28 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 728.6 kN
Punching Shear,P = 728.602 x (( 3 x 4.1 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3 * 4.1 )
P = 651.19 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 651190
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 103.33 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
165.33 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1150
0 1675 165.25 kN/m2
525

165.21 kN/m2
d 600 4100
750

500
200 165.03 kN/m2
1250
525 725

3000

30.71 kN/m2 165.33 kN/m2

109.24 kN/m2 132.8 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 132.796 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
92.6 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3000 mm
Width at critical section = 1150 mm
Shear Force = 92.596 x 3 x 1.15
= 319.46 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 165.245 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
125.05 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4100 mm
Width at critical section = 725 mm
Shear Force = 125.045 x 4.1 x 0.725
= 371.7 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 371.7 kN


Corresponding Length = 4100 mm

% Ast = 0.28
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.39 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.3856 x 1
= 0.48 N/mm2
Depth Required = 371697
0.482 x 4100
= 264 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 165.33 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 184.5 + 300.51 ) / ( 3 x 4.1 )
= 39.43
Net causing moment = 125.9 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.68 m

Bending Moment = 125.899 x 1.675 x 1.675 / 2


= 176.61 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1453.99 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 138 mm
Provide Spacing = 135

Area Provided = 1488.59 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 135 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 485.01 kN

Area Load = 485.01 / (3 x 4.1)

39.43 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.68 m

Bending Moment = 39.43 x 1.675 x 1.675 / 2

= 55.31 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 443.08 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 215
mm
Provide Spacing = 215
mm
Area Provided = 525.77 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3000 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4100 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 135 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F5
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C13
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.63

W
Wp

1.63
Z

1.25 Lp 1.25
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3 x 4 x 0.6
= 180 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3 x 4) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 292.95 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 180 + 0 + 292.95
= 472.95 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
258 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 7 778.52 14.29 12.94 4.24 -8.56
F5-C13 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -82.07 668.48 11.73 11.14 -7.35 180.21
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -102.34 819.79 15.36 14.4 -9.63 224.95
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -105.24 514.71 9.36 9.03 -11.15 228.5
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 93.28 577.16 11.14 9.57 14.13 -193.91
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 116.84 705.63 14.62 12.43 17.22 -242.7
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 113.94 400.55 8.62 7.06 15.7 -239.15
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 5.79 515.96 -69.69 -252.74 -12.29 -7.44
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 7.48 629.14 -86.41 -315.45 -15.81 -9.62
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 4.58 324.06 -92.4 -320.81 -17.33 -6.07
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 5.42 729.68 92.55 273.44 19.08 -6.26
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 7.02 896.28 116.38 342.27 23.4 -8.14
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 4.12 591.2 110.39 336.91 21.88 -4.59

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3 x 4
A = 12 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3 x 4 x 4


Zxx = 8 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4 x 3 x 3


Zzz = 6 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 778.523 + 472.95


= 1251.47 kN

P/A = 1251.473 / (3 x 4 )
= 104.29 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 12.94 / 8
Mxx/Zxx = 1.618 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 8.563 / 6
Mzz/Zzz = 1.428 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 104.289 + 1.618 + 1.428

pmax = 107.34 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 104.289 - 1.618 - 1.428

pmin = 101.25 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 15.52 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 778.523 x 3 / 2


= 1167.79 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.5


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 180 x 1.5


= 270 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 292.95 x 1.5


= 439.43 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1167.79 + 0 + 270 + 439.43


= 1877.22 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1877.22 / 15.52


= 120.95 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 15.92 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1251.47 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1251.473 x 0.5 / 15.92


= 39.31 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
258 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 104.29 1.62 1.43 107.34 140 101.24 SAFE
F5-C13 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 95.12 1.4 30.04 126.56 166 63.68 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 107.73 1.8 37.5 147.03 166 68.43 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
987.66 82.3 1.13 38.09 121.52 166 43.09 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 87.51 1.2 32.32 121.03 166 53.99 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 98.22 1.56 40.45 140.23 166 56.21 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
873.5 72.79 0.89 39.86 113.54 166 32.05 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
988.91 82.41 31.6 1.25 115.26 166 49.56 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 91.84 39.44 1.61 132.89 166 50.8 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
797.01 66.42 40.11 1.02 107.55 166 25.29 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 100.22 34.18 1.05 135.45 166 64.99 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 114.1 42.79 1.36 158.25 166 69.96 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 88.68 42.12 0.77 131.57 166 45.79 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 107.34 kN/m2 pmax = 158.25 kN/m2
pmin = 101.24 kN/m2 pmin = 25.29 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
258 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
104.29 1.62 1.43 107.34 104.1 101.24 104.48
F5-C13 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
95.12 1.4 30.04 126.56 123.76 63.68 66.48
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
107.73 1.8 37.5 147.03 143.43 68.43 72.03
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
82.3 1.13 38.09 121.53 119.27 43.09 45.35
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
87.51 1.2 32.32 121.03 118.63 53.99 56.39
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
98.22 1.56 40.45 140.23 137.11 56.21 59.33
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
72.79 0.89 39.86 113.54 111.76 32.04 33.82
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
82.41 31.6 1.25 115.26 52.06 49.56 112.76
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
91.84 39.44 1.61 132.89 54.01 50.79 129.67
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
66.42 40.11 1.02 107.55 27.33 25.29 105.51
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
100.22 34.18 1.05 135.45 67.09 64.99 133.35
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
114.1 42.79 1.36 158.25 72.67 69.95 155.53
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
88.68 42.12 0.77 131.57 47.33 45.79 130.03
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

258 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


15.52 709.43 1167.79 120.99 SAFE 15.91 1251.47 39.33 SAFE
F5-C13 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
180.55 709.43 1002.73 9.49 SAFE 82.9 1141.43 6.89 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
225.41 709.43 1229.69 8.61 SAFE 103.48 1292.74 6.25 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
228.67 709.43 772.06 6.48 SAFE 105.65 987.66 4.68 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
194.14 709.43 865.74 8.12 SAFE 93.94 1050.11 5.59 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
243.02 709.43 1058.46 7.28 SAFE 117.75 1178.58 5.01 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
239.25 709.43 600.83 5.48 SAFE 114.27 873.5 3.83 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
252.84 709.43 773.95 5.87 SAFE 69.92 988.91 7.08 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
315.59 709.43 943.71 5.24 SAFE 86.73 1102.09 6.36 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
320.87 709.43 486.09 3.73 SAFE 92.51 797.01 4.31 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
273.51 709.43 1094.52 6.6 SAFE 92.7 1202.63 6.49 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
342.37 709.43 1344.43 6 SAFE 116.59 1369.23 5.88 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
336.94 709.43 886.8 4.74 SAFE 110.46 1064.15 4.82 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3000 mm
Width = 4000 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.25 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 896.28 kN
Punching Shear,P = 896.284 x (( 3 x 4 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3 * 4 )
P = 798.68 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 798680
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 126.73 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
158.25 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1100
0 1625 157.51 kN/m2
525

157.15 kN/m2
d 600 4000
750

500
200 155.53 kN/m2
1250
525 725

3000

72.67 kN/m2 158.25 kN/m2

122.6 kN/m2 137.57 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 137.572 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
97.37 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3000 mm
Width at critical section = 1100 mm
Shear Force = 97.372 x 3 x 1.1
= 321.33 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 157.505 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
117.31 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4000 mm
Width at critical section = 725 mm
Shear Force = 117.305 x 4 x 0.725
= 340.18 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 340.19 kN


Corresponding Length = 4000 mm

% Ast = 0.25
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.37 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.37 x 1
= 0.46 N/mm2
Depth Required = 340185
0.4625 x 4000
= 259 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 158.25 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 180 + 292.95 ) / ( 3 x 4 )
= 39.41
Net causing moment = 118.84 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.63 m

Bending Moment = 118.843 x 1.625 x 1.625 / 2


= 156.91 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1285.89 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 156 mm
Provide Spacing = 155

Area Provided = 1296.52 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 472.95 kN

Area Load = 472.95 / (3 x 4)

39.41 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.63 m

Bending Moment = 39.41 x 1.625 x 1.625 / 2

= 52.03 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 416.51 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 215
mm
Provide Spacing = 215
mm
Area Provided = 525.77 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3000 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4000 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 155 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F5
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C29
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.2 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.73

W
Wp

1.73
Z

1.25 Lp 1.25
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3 x 4.2 x 0.6
= 189 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3 x 4.2) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 308.07 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 189 + 0 + 308.07
= 497.07 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
243 5 1.5 (DL+LL) -0.54 705.79 -54.58 -157.42 -9.9 -0.33
F5-C29 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -90.6 526.26 -38.81 -112.73 -3.59 189.05
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -113.26 635.06 -43.03 -125.36 -3.55 236.3
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -113.04 361.85 -23.39 -68.61 0.03 236.44
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 89.74 603 -48.52 -139.14 -12.25 -189.57
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 112.16 730.98 -55.17 -158.37 -14.38 -236.98
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 112.38 457.77 -35.53 -101.62 -10.79 -236.84
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -0.52 595.28 -108.36 -477.29 -26.94 0.22
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -0.66 721.33 -129.97 -581.05 -32.74 0.26
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -0.44 448.12 -110.34 -524.31 -29.15 0.39
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -0.34 533.99 21.04 225.42 11.1 -0.74
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -0.44 644.71 31.78 297.33 14.81 -0.94
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -0.22 371.51 51.42 354.08 18.39 -0.8

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3 x 4.2
A = 12.6 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3 x 4.2 x 4.2


Zxx = 8.82 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.2 x 3 x 3


Zzz = 6.3 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 705.791 + 497.07


= 1202.86 kN

P/A = 1202.861 / (3 x 4.2 )


= 95.47 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 157.419 / 8.82


Mxx/Zxx = 17.848 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 0.327 / 6.3


Mzz/Zzz = 0.052 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 95.465 + 17.848 + 0.052

pmax = 113.37 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 95.465 - 17.848 - 0.052

pmin = 77.57 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 157.42 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 705.791 x 3 / 2


= 1058.69 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.5


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 189 x 1.5


= 283.5 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 308.07 x 1.5


= 462.11 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1058.69 + 0 + 283.5 + 462.11


= 1804.3 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1804.3 / 157.42


= 11.46 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 54.59 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1202.86 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1202.861 x 0.5 / 54.59


= 11.02 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
243 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 95.47 17.85 0.06 113.38 140 77.56 SAFE
F5-C29 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 81.22 12.79 30.01 124.02 166 38.42 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 89.85 14.22 37.51 141.58 166 38.13 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
858.92 68.17 7.78 37.53 113.48 166 22.86 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 87.31 15.78 30.1 133.19 166 41.43 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 97.46 17.96 37.62 153.04 166 41.89 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
954.84 75.78 11.53 37.6 124.91 166 26.66 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 86.69 54.12 0.04 140.85 166 32.54 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
1218.4 96.7 65.88 0.05 162.63 166 30.77 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
945.19 75.02 59.45 0.07 134.54 166 15.5 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 81.83 25.56 0.12 107.51 166 56.15 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 90.62 33.72 0.15 124.49 166 56.75 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
868.58 68.93 40.15 0.13 109.21 166 28.66 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 113.38 kN/m2 pmax = 162.63 kN/m2
pmin = 77.56 kN/m2 pmin = 15.5 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
243 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
95.47 17.85 0.06 113.38 77.68 77.56 113.26
F5-C29 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
81.22 12.79 30.01 124.02 98.44 38.42 64
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
89.85 14.22 37.51 141.58 113.14 38.12 66.56
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
68.17 7.78 37.53 113.48 97.92 22.86 38.42
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
87.31 15.78 30.1 133.19 101.63 41.43 72.99
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
97.46 17.96 37.62 153.05 117.13 41.89 77.81
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
75.78 11.53 37.6 124.91 101.85 26.65 49.71
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
86.69 54.12 0.04 140.86 32.62 32.54 140.78
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
96.7 65.88 0.05 162.63 30.87 30.77 162.53
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
75.02 59.45 0.07 134.54 15.64 15.5 134.4
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
81.83 25.56 0.12 107.51 56.39 56.15 107.27
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
90.62 33.72 0.15 124.49 57.05 56.75 124.19
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
68.93 40.15 0.13 109.22 28.92 28.66 108.96
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

243 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


157.42 745.61 1058.69 11.47 SAFE 54.58 1202.86 11.02 SAFE
F5-C29 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
220.11 745.61 789.4 6.98 SAFE 98.56 1023.33 5.2 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
267.49 745.61 952.59 6.35 SAFE 121.16 1132.13 4.68 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
246.19 745.61 542.78 5.24 SAFE 115.43 858.92 3.73 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
235.16 745.61 904.51 7.02 SAFE 102.02 1100.07 5.4 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
285.02 745.61 1096.48 6.47 SAFE 124.99 1228.05 4.92 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
257.72 745.61 686.67 5.56 SAFE 117.86 954.84 4.06 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
477.29 745.61 892.92 3.44 SAFE 108.36 1092.35 5.05 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
581.05 745.61 1082 3.15 SAFE 129.98 1218.4 4.69 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
524.31 745.61 672.18 2.71 SAFE 110.34 945.19 4.29 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
225.42 745.61 800.99 6.87 SAFE 21.04 1031.06 24.51 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
297.33 745.61 967.08 5.77 SAFE 31.78 1141.78 17.97 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
354.08 745.61 557.26 3.68 SAFE 51.42 868.58 8.45 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3000 mm
Width = 4200 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.29 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 730.98 kN
Punching Shear,P = 730.983 x (( 3 x 4.2 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3 * 4.2 )
P = 655.17 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 655170
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 103.96 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
162.63 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1200
0 1725 162.6 kN/m2
525

162.59 kN/m2
d 600 4200
750

500
200 162.53 kN/m2
1250
525 725

3000

30.87 kN/m2 162.63 kN/m2

107.73 kN/m2 130.79 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 130.787 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
90.59 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3000 mm
Width at critical section = 1200 mm
Shear Force = 90.587 x 3 x 1.2
= 326.11 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 162.601 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
122.4 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4200 mm
Width at critical section = 725 mm
Shear Force = 122.401 x 4.2 x 0.725
= 372.71 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 372.71 kN


Corresponding Length = 4200 mm

% Ast = 0.29
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.39 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.3908 x 1
= 0.49 N/mm2
Depth Required = 372712
0.4885 x 4200
= 257 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 162.63 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 189 + 308.07 ) / ( 3 x 4.2 )
= 39.45
Net causing moment = 123.18 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.73 m

Bending Moment = 123.179 x 1.725 x 1.725 / 2


= 183.27 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1511.19 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 132 mm
Provide Spacing = 130

Area Provided = 1545.85 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 130 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 497.07 kN

Area Load = 497.07 / (3 x 4.2)

39.45 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.73 m

Bending Moment = 39.45 x 1.725 x 1.725 / 2

= 58.69 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 470.5 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 215
mm
Provide Spacing = 215
mm
Area Provided = 525.77 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3000 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4200 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 130 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F5
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C30
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.63

W
Wp

1.63
Z

1.25 Lp 1.25
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3 x 4 x 0.6
= 180 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3 x 4) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 292.95 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 180 + 0 + 292.95
= 472.95 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
244 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 7.27 801.11 -28.28 -36.66 -5.75 -9.17
F5-C30 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -81.08 684.9 -22.29 -28.34 3.47 178.31
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -101.1 840.34 -28.52 -35.79 4.91 222.58
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -104.11 526.21 -16.95 -20.98 6.98 226.37
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 92.71 596.88 -22.96 -30.31 -12.67 -192.98
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 116.14 730.32 -29.35 -38.25 -15.27 -241.54
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 113.13 416.19 -17.77 -23.44 -13.2 -237.75
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 5.64 748.73 -104.03 -292.79 -20.36 -6.67
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 7.29 920.13 -130.69 -366.35 -24.88 -8.65
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 4.28 606 -119.11 -351.54 -22.81 -4.86
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 6 533.04 58.78 234.14 11.16 -8
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 7.75 650.52 72.82 292.31 14.52 -10.31
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 4.74 336.39 84.4 307.12 16.6 -6.52

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3 x 4
A = 12 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3 x 4 x 4


Zxx = 8 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4 x 3 x 3


Zzz = 6 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 801.107 + 472.95


= 1274.06 kN

P/A = 1274.057 / (3 x 4 )
= 106.17 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 36.656 / 8
Mxx/Zxx = 4.582 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 9.168 / 6
Mzz/Zzz = 1.528 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 106.171 + 4.582 + 1.528

pmax = 112.29 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 106.171 - 4.582 - 1.528

pmin = 100.07 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 37.79 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 801.107 x 3 / 2


= 1201.67 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.5


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 180 x 1.5


= 270 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 292.95 x 1.5


= 439.43 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1201.67 + 0 + 270 + 439.43


= 1911.1 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1911.1 / 37.79


= 50.57 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 29.21 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1274.06 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1274.057 x 0.5 / 29.21


= 21.81 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
244 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 106.17 4.59 1.53 112.29 140 100.06 SAFE
F5-C30 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 96.49 3.55 29.72 129.76 166 63.22 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 109.44 4.48 37.1 151.02 166 67.87 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
999.16 83.26 2.63 37.73 123.62 166 42.91 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 89.15 3.79 32.17 125.11 166 53.2 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 100.27 4.79 40.26 145.32 166 55.23 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
889.14 74.09 2.94 39.63 116.66 166 31.53 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 101.81 36.6 1.12 139.53 166 64.09 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 116.09 45.8 1.45 163.34 166 68.85 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 89.91 43.95 0.81 134.67 166 45.16 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 83.83 29.27 1.34 114.44 166 53.23 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 93.62 36.54 1.72 131.88 166 55.37 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
809.34 67.45 38.39 1.09 106.93 166 27.97 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 112.29 kN/m2 pmax = 163.34 kN/m2
pmin = 100.06 kN/m2 pmin = 27.97 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
244 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
106.17 4.59 1.53 112.29 103.11 100.05 109.23
F5-C30 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
96.49 3.55 29.72 129.76 122.66 63.22 70.32
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
109.44 4.48 37.1 151.02 142.06 67.86 76.82
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
83.26 2.63 37.73 123.62 118.36 42.9 48.16
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
89.15 3.79 32.17 125.11 117.53 53.19 60.77
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
100.27 4.79 40.26 145.32 135.74 55.22 64.8
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
74.09 2.94 39.63 116.67 110.79 31.53 37.41
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
101.81 36.6 1.12 139.53 66.33 64.09 137.29
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
116.09 45.8 1.45 163.34 71.74 68.84 160.44
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
89.91 43.95 0.81 134.67 46.77 45.15 133.05
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
83.83 29.27 1.34 114.44 55.9 53.22 111.76
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
93.62 36.54 1.72 131.88 58.8 55.36 128.44
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
67.45 38.39 1.09 106.93 30.15 27.97 104.75
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

244 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


37.79 709.43 1201.67 50.58 SAFE 29.2 1274.06 21.82 SAFE
F5-C30 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
180.55 709.43 1027.35 9.62 SAFE 84.09 1157.85 6.89 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
225.44 709.43 1260.51 8.74 SAFE 105.05 1313.29 6.26 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
227.34 709.43 789.32 6.6 SAFE 105.48 999.16 4.74 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
195.35 709.43 895.32 8.22 SAFE 95.51 1069.83 5.61 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
244.55 709.43 1095.48 7.39 SAFE 119.79 1203.27 5.03 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
238.9 709.43 624.28 5.59 SAFE 114.52 889.14 3.89 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
292.87 709.43 1123.1 6.26 SAFE 104.18 1221.68 5.87 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
366.45 709.43 1380.2 5.71 SAFE 130.89 1393.08 5.33 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
351.58 709.43 909.01 4.61 SAFE 119.19 1078.95 4.53 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
234.28 709.43 799.57 6.45 SAFE 59.08 1005.99 8.52 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
292.49 709.43 975.79 5.77 SAFE 73.23 1123.47 7.68 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
307.19 709.43 504.59 3.96 SAFE 84.53 809.34 4.79 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3000 mm
Width = 4000 mm
Effective Depth = 525 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.26 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 920.13 kN
Punching Shear,P = 920.133 x (( 3 x 4 ) - ( 1.025 x 1.275 ))
( 3 * 4 )
P = 819.93 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 1025 mm


Width of critical section = 1275 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4600 mm

Depth 819930
Required = 1.37 x4600
= 130.11 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4600 x 525 / 1000
3308 kN
163.34 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1100
0 1625 162.54 kN/m2
525

162.16 kN/m2
d 600 4000
750

500
200 160.44 kN/m2
1250
525 725

3000

71.74 kN/m2 163.34 kN/m2

125.18 kN/m2 141.21 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 141.205 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
101.01 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3000 mm
Width at critical section = 1100 mm
Shear Force = 101.005 x 3 x 1.1
= 333.32 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 162.544 - 25 x 0.6 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.6 )
122.34 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 4000 mm
Width at critical section = 725 mm
Shear Force = 122.344 x 4 x 0.725
= 354.8 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 354.8 kN


Corresponding Length = 4000 mm

% Ast = 0.26
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.38 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.3752 x 1
= 0.47 N/mm2
Depth Required = 354798
0.469 x 4000
= 265 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 163.34 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 180 + 292.95 ) / ( 3 x 4 )
= 39.41
Net causing moment = 123.93 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.63 m

Bending Moment = 123.931 x 1.625 x 1.625 / 2


= 163.63 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1343.05 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 1050 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 149 mm
Provide Spacing = 145

Area Provided = 1385.93 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 145 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 472.95 kN

Area Load = 472.95 / (3 x 4)

39.41 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.63 m

Bending Moment = 39.41 x 1.625 x 1.625 / 2

= 52.03 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 416.51 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 525 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 215
mm
Provide Spacing = 215
mm
Area Provided = 525.77 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3000 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 4000 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 600 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 215 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 145 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F6
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C14
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.1 m
Width Of Footing W = 3.1 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.5 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.18

W
Wp

1.18
Z

1.3 Lp 1.3
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.1 x 3.1 x 0.5
= 120.13 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.1 x 3.1) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.5 ) x 18


= 249.35 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 120.13 + 0 + 249.345
= 369.48 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
259 5 1.5 (DL+LL) -15.43 548.91 32.24 33.25 -0.38 16.95
F6-C14 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -71.8 543.25 25.14 25.87 -15.73 168.57
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -89.91 668.07 32.08 32.77 -19.64 210.83
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -83.67 452.9 18.93 19.3 -19.49 204
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 47.11 335.01 26.44 27.33 15.12 -141.44
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 58.73 407.77 33.71 34.61 18.93 -176.69
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 64.97 192.6 20.55 21.13 19.07 -183.51
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -12.05 404.98 -10.23 -98.77 -7.18 12.82
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -15.23 495.23 -12.12 -123.02 -8.94 16.15
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -8.99 280.07 -25.28 -136.49 -8.8 9.32
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -12.63 473.28 61.8 151.97 6.56 14.3
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -15.95 580.6 77.92 190.4 8.24 17.99
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -9.72 365.43 64.76 176.92 8.38 11.17

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.1 x 3.1
A = 9.61 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.1 x 3.1 x 3.1


Zxx = 4.97 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 3.1 x 3.1 x 3.1


Zzz = 4.97 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 548.914 + 369.48


= 918.39 kN

P/A = 918.394 / (3.1 x 3.1 )


= 95.57 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 33.25 / 4.966


Mxx/Zxx = 6.696 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 16.952 / 4.966


Mzz/Zzz = 3.414 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 95.566 + 6.696 + 3.414

pmax = 105.68 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 95.566 - 6.696 - 3.414

pmin = 85.46 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 37.33 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 548.914 x 3.1 / 2


= 850.82 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.55


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 120.13 x 1.55


= 186.2 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 249.345 x 1.55


= 386.49 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 850.82 + 0 + 186.2 + 386.49


= 1423.51 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1423.51 / 37.33


= 38.13 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 35.74 kN

Total Vertical Load = 918.39 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 918.394 x 0.5 / 35.74


= 12.85 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
259 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
918.39 95.57 6.7 3.42 105.69 140 85.45 SAFE
F6-C14 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
912.73 94.98 5.21 33.95 134.14 166 55.82 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 107.97 6.6 42.46 157.03 166 58.91 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
822.38 85.58 3.89 41.08 130.55 166 40.61 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
704.49 73.31 5.51 28.49 107.31 166 39.31 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
777.25 80.88 6.97 35.58 123.43 166 38.33 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
562.08 58.49 4.26 36.96 99.71 166 17.27 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
774.46 80.59 19.89 2.59 103.07 166 58.11 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
864.71 89.98 24.78 3.26 118.02 166 61.95 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
649.55 67.59 27.49 1.88 96.96 166 38.23 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
842.76 87.7 30.61 2.88 121.19 166 54.21 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
950.08 98.86 38.35 3.63 140.84 166 56.89 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
734.91 76.47 35.63 2.25 114.35 166 38.6 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 105.69 kN/m2 pmax = 157.03 kN/m2
pmin = 85.45 kN/m2 pmin = 17.27 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
259 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
95.57 6.7 3.42 105.69 92.29 85.45 98.85
F6-C14 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
94.98 5.21 33.95 134.14 123.72 55.82 66.24
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
107.97 6.6 42.46 157.03 143.83 58.91 72.11
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
85.58 3.89 41.08 130.55 122.77 40.61 48.39
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
73.31 5.51 28.49 107.31 96.29 39.31 50.33
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
80.88 6.97 35.58 123.43 109.49 38.33 52.27
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
58.49 4.26 36.96 99.71 91.19 17.27 25.79
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
80.59 19.89 2.59 103.07 63.29 58.11 97.89
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
89.98 24.78 3.26 118.02 68.46 61.94 111.5
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
67.59 27.49 1.88 96.96 41.98 38.22 93.2
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
87.7 30.61 2.88 121.19 59.97 54.21 115.43
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
98.86 38.35 3.63 140.84 64.14 56.88 133.58
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
76.47 35.63 2.25 114.35 43.09 38.59 109.85
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

259 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


37.32 572.69 850.82 38.15 SAFE 35.74 918.39 12.85 SAFE
F6-C14 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
170.54 572.69 842.05 8.3 SAFE 76.07 912.73 6 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
213.36 572.69 1035.51 7.54 SAFE 95.46 1037.55 5.44 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
204.91 572.69 702 6.23 SAFE 85.79 822.38 4.8 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
144.06 572.69 519.27 7.58 SAFE 54.02 704.49 6.53 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
180.04 572.69 632.04 6.7 SAFE 67.72 777.25 5.74 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
184.73 572.69 298.53 4.72 SAFE 68.14 562.08 4.13 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
99.6 572.69 627.73 12.06 SAFE 15.81 774.46 24.5 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
124.07 572.69 767.62 10.81 SAFE 19.46 864.71 22.22 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
136.81 572.69 434.11 7.36 SAFE 26.83 649.55 12.11 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
152.64 572.69 733.59 8.56 SAFE 63.08 842.76 6.68 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
191.25 572.69 899.94 7.71 SAFE 79.53 950.08 5.98 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
177.27 572.69 566.43 6.43 SAFE 65.48 734.91 5.62 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3100 mm
Width = 3100 mm
Effective Depth = 425 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.24 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 668.07 kN
Punching Shear,P = 668.07 x (( 3.1 x 3.1 ) - ( 0.925 x 1.175 ))
( 3.1 * 3.1 )
P = 592.52 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 925 mm


Width of critical section = 1175 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4200 mm

Depth 592520
Required = 1.37 x4200
= 102.98 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4200 x 425 / 1000
2445 kN
157.03 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
750
0 1175 136.48 kN/m2
425

124.84 kN/m2
d 500 3100
750

500
200 72.11 kN/m2
1300
425 875

3100

143.83 kN/m2 157.03 kN/m2

151.49 kN/m2 153.3 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 153.301 - 25 x 0.5 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.5 )
113.8 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3100 mm
Width at critical section = 750 mm
Shear Force = 113.801 x 3.1 x 0.75
= 264.59 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 136.481 - 25 x 0.5 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.5 )
96.98 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3100 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 96.981 x 3.1 x 0.875
= 263.06 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 264.59 kN


Corresponding Length = 3100 mm

% Ast = 0.24
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.62 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.62 x 1
= 0.78 N/mm2
Depth Required = 264588
0.775 x 3100
= 186 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 157.03 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 120.13 + 249.345 ) / ( 3.1 x 3.1 )
= 38.45
Net causing moment = 118.58 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.3 m

Bending Moment = 118.576 x 1.3 x 1.3 / 2


= 100.2 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1013.41 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 850 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 198 mm
Provide Spacing = 195

Area Provided = 1030.56 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 195 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 369.48 kN

Area Load = 369.475 / (3.1 x 3.1)

38.45 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.3 m

Bending Moment = 38.45 x 1.3 x 1.3 / 2

= 32.49 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 321.12 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 425 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 265
mm
Provide Spacing = 265
mm
Area Provided = 426.57 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3100 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 3100 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 500 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 195 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F6
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C31
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3.1 m
Width Of Footing W = 3.1 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.5 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.18

W
Wp

1.18
Z

1.3 Lp 1.3
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3.1 x 3.1 x 0.5
= 120.13 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3.1 x 3.1) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.5 ) x 18


= 249.35 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 120.13 + 0 + 249.345
= 369.48 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
245 5 1.5 (DL+LL) -15.25 429.72 -12.38 -16.9 0.92 16.49
F6-C31 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -69.98 445.8 -10.43 -14.81 19.3 165.71
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -87.64 550.41 -13.12 -18.53 24.03 207.25
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -81.47 381.26 -8.14 -11.77 23.7 200.61
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 45.58 241.75 -9.37 -12.23 -17.83 -139.33
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 56.82 295.34 -11.81 -15.31 -22.38 -174.05
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 62.98 126.19 -6.82 -8.54 -22.71 -180.69
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -12.52 428.92 -53.43 -147.17 -5.79 14.04
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -15.81 529.31 -66.87 -183.99 -7.33 17.66
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -9.65 360.16 -61.89 -177.22 -7.66 11.02
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -11.88 258.62 33.63 120.14 7.26 12.34
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -15.01 316.44 41.94 150.15 8.98 15.54
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -8.85 147.29 46.93 156.92 8.65 8.9

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3.1 x 3.1
A = 9.61 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3.1 x 3.1 x 3.1


Zxx = 4.97 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 3.1 x 3.1 x 3.1


Zzz = 4.97 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 429.716 + 369.48


= 799.2 kN

P/A = 799.196 / (3.1 x 3.1 )


= 83.16 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 16.896 / 4.966


Mxx/Zxx = 3.403 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 16.486 / 4.966


Mzz/Zzz = 3.320 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 83.163 + 3.403 + 3.32

pmax = 89.89 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 83.163 - 3.403 - 3.32

pmin = 76.44 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 23.61 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 429.716 x 3.1 / 2


= 666.06 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.55


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 120.13 x 1.55


= 186.2 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 249.345 x 1.55


= 386.49 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 666.06 + 0 + 186.2 + 386.49


= 1238.75 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1238.75 / 23.61


= 52.47 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 19.65 kN

Total Vertical Load = 799.2 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 799.196 x 0.5 / 19.65


= 20.34 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
245 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
799.2 83.16 3.41 3.32 89.89 140 76.44 SAFE
F6-C31 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
815.28 84.84 2.99 33.37 121.2 166 48.48 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
919.89 95.72 3.74 41.74 141.2 166 50.25 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
750.74 78.12 2.37 40.4 120.89 166 35.36 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
611.23 63.6 2.47 28.06 94.13 166 33.08 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
664.82 69.18 3.09 35.05 107.32 166 31.05 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
495.67 51.58 1.73 36.39 89.7 166 13.46 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
798.4 83.08 29.64 2.83 115.55 166 50.62 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
898.79 93.53 37.06 3.56 134.15 166 52.91 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
729.64 75.93 35.69 2.22 113.84 166 38.02 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
628.1 65.36 24.2 2.49 92.05 166 38.67 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
685.92 71.38 30.24 3.13 104.75 166 38.01 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
516.77 53.77 31.6 1.8 87.17 166 20.38 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 89.89 kN/m2 pmax = 141.2 kN/m2
pmin = 76.44 kN/m2 pmin = 13.46 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
245 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
83.16 3.41 3.32 89.89 83.07 76.43 83.25
F6-C31 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
84.84 2.99 33.37 121.2 115.22 48.48 54.46
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
95.72 3.74 41.74 141.2 133.72 50.24 57.72
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
78.12 2.37 40.4 120.89 116.15 35.35 40.09
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
63.6 2.47 28.06 94.13 89.19 33.07 38.01
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
69.18 3.09 35.05 107.32 101.14 31.04 37.22
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
51.58 1.73 36.39 89.7 86.24 13.46 16.92
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
83.08 29.64 2.83 115.55 56.27 50.61 109.89
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
93.53 37.06 3.56 134.15 60.03 52.91 127.03
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
75.93 35.69 2.22 113.84 42.46 38.02 109.4
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
65.36 24.2 2.49 92.05 43.65 38.67 87.07
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
71.38 30.24 3.13 104.75 44.27 38.01 98.49
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
53.77 31.6 1.8 87.17 23.97 20.37 83.57
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

245 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


23.61 572.69 666.06 52.48 SAFE 19.64 799.2 20.35 SAFE
F6-C31 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
166.37 572.69 691 7.6 SAFE 70.76 815.28 5.77 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
208.08 572.69 853.14 6.86 SAFE 88.61 919.89 5.2 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
200.96 572.69 590.96 5.8 SAFE 81.88 750.74 4.59 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
139.87 572.69 374.71 6.78 SAFE 46.53 611.23 6.57 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
174.73 572.69 457.78 5.9 SAFE 58.03 664.82 5.73 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
180.89 572.69 195.6 4.25 SAFE 63.35 495.67 3.92 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
147.84 572.69 664.84 8.38 SAFE 54.87 798.4 7.28 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
184.84 572.69 820.44 7.54 SAFE 68.72 898.79 6.54 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
177.57 572.69 558.26 6.37 SAFE 62.63 729.64 5.83 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
120.77 572.69 400.87 8.07 SAFE 35.66 628.1 8.81 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
150.95 572.69 490.48 7.05 SAFE 44.55 685.92 7.7 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
157.17 572.69 228.3 5.1 SAFE 47.75 516.77 5.42 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3100 mm
Width = 3100 mm
Effective Depth = 425 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.21 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 550.41 kN
Punching Shear,P = 550.41 x (( 3.1 x 3.1 ) - ( 0.925 x 1.175 ))
( 3.1 * 3.1 )
P = 488.16 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 925 mm


Width of critical section = 1175 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4200 mm

Depth 488160
Required = 1.37 x4200
= 84.84 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4200 x 425 / 1000
2445 kN
141.2 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
750
0 1175 121.01 kN/m2
425

109.56 kN/m2
d 500 3100
750

500
200 57.72 kN/m2
1300
425 875

3100

133.72 kN/m2 141.2 kN/m2

138.07 kN/m2 139.09 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 139.092 - 25 x 0.5 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.5 )
99.59 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3100 mm
Width at critical section = 750 mm
Shear Force = 99.592 x 3.1 x 0.75
= 231.55 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 121.007 - 25 x 0.5 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.5 )
81.51 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3100 mm
Width at critical section = 875 mm
Shear Force = 81.507 x 3.1 x 0.875
= 221.09 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 231.55 kN


Corresponding Length = 3100 mm

% Ast = 0.21
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.34 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.338 x 1
= 0.42 N/mm2
Depth Required = 231552
0.4225 x 3100
= 252 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 141.2 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 120.13 + 249.345 ) / ( 3.1 x 3.1 )
= 38.45
Net causing moment = 102.75 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.3 m

Bending Moment = 102.753 x 1.3 x 1.3 / 2


= 86.83 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 874.09 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 850 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 229 mm
Provide Spacing = 225

Area Provided = 893.16 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 225 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 369.48 kN

Area Load = 369.475 / (3.1 x 3.1)

38.45 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.3 m

Bending Moment = 38.45 x 1.3 x 1.3 / 2

= 32.49 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 321.12 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 425 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 265
mm
Provide Spacing = 265
mm
Area Provided = 426.57 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3100 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 3100 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 500 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 225 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F7
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C15
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3 m
Width Of Footing W = 3.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.5 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.43

W
Wp

1.43
Z

1.25 Lp 1.25
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3 x 3.6 x 0.5
= 135 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3 x 3.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.5 ) x 18


= 281.48 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 135 + 0 + 281.475
= 416.48 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
270 5 1.5 (DL+LL) 5.84 704.05 -11.74 -22.67 2.64 -13.92
F7-C15 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -17.99 555.73 -9.87 -18.71 7.26 162.89
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -22.38 681.16 -12.45 -23.63 9.09 203.54
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -24.76 404.94 -7.71 -14.47 8.03 209.13
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 27.33 570.75 -8.92 -17.56 -3.03 -185.16
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 34.26 699.94 -11.27 -22.19 -3.79 -231.53
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 31.89 423.72 -6.52 -13.02 -4.85 -225.93
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) 5.07 563.19 -86.27 -224.04 -4.7 -11.99
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) 6.44 690.49 -107.96 -280.29 -5.87 -15.07
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ 4.06 414.27 -103.21 -271.12 -6.93 -9.47
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) 4.27 563.29 67.48 187.77 8.93 -10.28
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) 5.44 690.61 84.24 234.47 11.17 -12.93
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ 3.07 414.39 88.98 243.64 10.11 -7.33

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3 x 3.6
A = 10.8 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3 x 3.6 x 3.6


Zxx = 6.48 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 3.6 x 3 x 3


Zzz = 5.4 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 704.052 + 416.48


= 1120.53 kN

P/A = 1120.532 / (3 x 3.6 )


= 103.75 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 22.67 / 6.48


Mxx/Zxx = 3.499 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 13.919 / 5.4


Mzz/Zzz = 2.578 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 103.753 + 3.499 + 2.578

pmax = 109.83 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 103.753 - 3.499 - 2.578

pmin = 97.68 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 26.61 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 704.052 x 3 / 2


= 1056.08 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.5


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 135 x 1.5


= 202.5 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 281.475 x 1.5


= 422.22 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1056.08 + 0 + 202.5 + 422.22


= 1680.8 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1680.8 / 26.61


= 63.16 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 13.12 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1120.53 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1120.532 x 0.5 / 13.12


= 42.71 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
270 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 103.75 3.5 2.58 109.83 140 97.68 SAFE
F7-C15 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
972.21 90.02 2.89 30.17 123.08 166 56.96 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 101.63 3.65 37.7 142.98 166 60.29 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
821.42 76.06 2.24 38.73 117.03 166 35.09 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
987.23 91.41 2.71 34.29 128.41 166 54.42 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 103.37 3.43 42.88 149.68 166 57.07 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
840.2 77.8 2.01 41.84 121.65 166 33.95 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
979.67 90.71 34.58 2.23 127.52 166 53.91 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 102.5 43.26 2.79 148.55 166 56.45 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
830.75 76.92 41.85 1.76 120.53 166 33.32 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
979.77 90.72 28.98 1.91 121.61 166 59.83 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 102.51 36.19 2.4 141.1 166 63.92 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
830.87 76.93 37.6 1.36 115.89 166 37.98 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 109.83 kN/m2 pmax = 149.68 kN/m2
pmin = 97.68 kN/m2 pmin = 33.32 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
270 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
103.75 3.5 2.58 109.83 102.83 97.67 104.67
F7-C15 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
90.02 2.89 30.17 123.08 117.3 56.96 62.74
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
101.63 3.65 37.7 142.98 135.68 60.28 67.58
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
76.06 2.24 38.73 117.03 112.55 35.09 39.57
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
91.41 2.71 34.29 128.41 122.99 54.41 59.83
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
103.37 3.43 42.88 149.68 142.82 57.06 63.92
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
77.8 2.01 41.84 121.65 117.63 33.95 37.97
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
90.71 34.58 2.23 127.52 58.36 53.9 123.06
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
102.5 43.26 2.79 148.55 62.03 56.45 142.97
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
76.92 41.85 1.76 120.53 36.83 33.31 117.01
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
90.72 28.98 1.91 121.61 63.65 59.83 117.79
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
102.51 36.19 2.4 141.1 68.72 63.92 136.3
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
76.93 37.6 1.36 115.89 40.69 37.97 113.17
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

270 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


26.6 624.72 1056.08 63.19 SAFE 13.11 1120.53 42.73 SAFE
F7-C15 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
163.96 624.72 833.6 8.9 SAFE 20.52 972.21 23.7 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
204.9 624.72 1021.75 8.04 SAFE 25.61 1097.64 21.43 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
209.63 624.72 607.42 5.88 SAFE 25.93 821.42 15.84 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
185.99 624.72 856.13 7.97 SAFE 28.75 987.23 17.17 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
232.59 624.72 1049.92 7.21 SAFE 36.07 1116.42 15.48 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
226.3 624.72 635.59 5.57 SAFE 32.55 840.2 12.91 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
224.36 624.72 844.79 6.55 SAFE 86.42 979.67 5.67 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
280.69 624.72 1035.74 5.92 SAFE 108.15 1106.97 5.12 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
271.29 624.72 621.41 4.6 SAFE 103.29 830.75 4.03 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
188.05 624.72 844.94 7.82 SAFE 67.62 979.77 7.25 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
234.83 624.72 1035.92 7.08 SAFE 84.41 1107.09 6.56 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
243.75 624.72 621.59 5.12 SAFE 89.03 830.87 4.67 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3000 mm
Width = 3600 mm
Effective Depth = 425 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.27 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 704.05 kN
Punching Shear,P = 704.052 x (( 3 x 3.6 ) - ( 0.925 x 1.175 ))
( 3 * 3.6 )
P = 633.2 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 925 mm


Width of critical section = 1175 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4200 mm

Depth 633200
Required = 1.37 x4200
= 110.05 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4200 x 425 / 1000
2445 kN
149.68 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1000
0 1425 125.86 kN/m2
425

115.74 kN/m2
d 500 3600
750

500
200 63.92 kN/m2
1250
425 825

3000

142.82 kN/m2 149.68 kN/m2

146.83 kN/m2 147.8 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 147.797 - 25 x 0.5 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.5 )
108.3 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3000 mm
Width at critical section = 1000 mm
Shear Force = 108.297 x 3 x 1
= 324.89 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 125.861 - 25 x 0.5 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.5 )
86.36 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3600 mm
Width at critical section = 825 mm
Shear Force = 86.361 x 3.6 x 0.825
= 256.49 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 324.89 kN


Corresponding Length = 3000 mm

% Ast = 0.27
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.38 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.3804 x 1
= 0.48 N/mm2
Depth Required = 324891
0.4755 x 3000
= 303 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 149.68 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 135 + 281.475 ) / ( 3 x 3.6 )
= 38.56
Net causing moment = 111.12 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.43 m

Bending Moment = 111.123 x 1.425 x 1.425 / 2


= 112.82 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1146.17 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 850 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 175 mm
Provide Spacing = 175

Area Provided = 1148.34 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 416.48 kN

Area Load = 416.475 / (3 x 3.6)

38.56 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.43 m

Bending Moment = 38.56 x 1.425 x 1.425 / 2

= 39.15 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 387.79 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 425 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 265
mm
Provide Spacing = 265
mm
Area Provided = 426.57 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3000 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 3600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 500 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 175 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F7
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C17
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3 m
Width Of Footing W = 3.6 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.5 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.43

W
Wp

1.43
Z

1.25 Lp 1.25
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3 x 3.6 x 0.5
= 135 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3 x 3.6) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.5 ) x 18


= 281.48 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 135 + 0 + 281.475
= 416.48 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
266 5 1.5 (DL+LL) -5.42 687.28 -19.74 -24.91 -0.31 8.64
F7-C17 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -50.29 564.59 -15.33 -19.99 24.62 220.44
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -62.41 689.67 -19.75 -25.6 30.83 274.72
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -60.43 421.18 -11.62 -15.39 30.93 271.6
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 41.63 535.06 -16.25 -19.87 -25.13 -206.62
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 52.49 652.75 -20.91 -25.45 -31.37 -259.11
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 54.48 384.27 -12.77 -15.24 -31.26 -262.23
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -3.97 498.77 -72.37 -168.03 1.82 5.15
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -4.51 607.39 -91.05 -210.65 2.32 5.61
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -2.52 338.91 -82.92 -200.44 2.42 2.48
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -4.69 600.88 40.79 128.17 -2.32 8.67
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -5.41 735.02 50.4 159.6 -2.86 10
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -3.43 466.54 58.53 169.81 -2.75 6.88

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3 x 3.6
A = 10.8 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3 x 3.6 x 3.6


Zxx = 6.48 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 3.6 x 3 x 3


Zzz = 5.4 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 687.282 + 416.48


= 1103.76 kN

P/A = 1103.762 / (3 x 3.6 )


= 102.2 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 24.914 / 6.48


Mxx/Zxx = 3.845 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 8.636 / 5.4


Mzz/Zzz = 1.600 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 102.2 + 3.845 + 1.6

pmax = 107.65 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 102.2 - 3.845 - 1.6

pmin = 96.76 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 26.37 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 687.282 x 3 / 2


= 1030.93 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.5


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 135 x 1.5


= 202.5 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 281.475 x 1.5


= 422.22 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1030.93 + 0 + 202.5 + 422.22


= 1655.65 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 1655.65 / 26.37


= 62.79 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 20.47 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1103.76 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1103.762 x 0.5 / 20.47


= 26.97 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
266 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 102.2 3.85 1.6 107.65 140 96.76 SAFE
F7-C17 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
981.07 90.84 3.09 40.83 134.76 166 46.92 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 102.42 3.96 50.88 157.26 166 47.59 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
837.66 77.56 2.38 50.3 130.24 166 24.89 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
951.54 88.11 3.07 38.27 129.45 166 46.77 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 99 3.93 47.99 150.92 166 47.09 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
800.75 74.14 2.36 48.57 125.07 166 23.22 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
915.25 84.75 25.94 0.96 111.65 166 57.85 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 94.8 32.51 1.04 128.35 166 61.26 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
755.39 69.94 30.94 0.46 101.34 166 38.55 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 94.2 19.78 1.61 115.59 166 72.81 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
1151.5 106.62 24.63 1.86 133.11 166 80.14 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
883.02 81.76 26.21 1.28 109.25 166 54.28 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 107.65 kN/m2 pmax = 157.26 kN/m2
pmin = 96.76 kN/m2 pmin = 23.22 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
266 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
102.2 3.85 1.6 107.65 99.95 96.75 104.45
F7-C17 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
90.84 3.09 40.83 134.76 128.58 46.92 53.1
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
102.42 3.96 50.88 157.26 149.34 47.58 55.5
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
77.56 2.38 50.3 130.24 125.48 24.88 29.64
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
88.11 3.07 38.27 129.45 123.31 46.77 52.91
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
99 3.93 47.99 150.92 143.06 47.08 54.94
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
74.14 2.36 48.57 125.07 120.35 23.21 27.93
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
84.75 25.94 0.96 111.65 59.77 57.85 109.73
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
94.8 32.51 1.04 128.35 63.33 61.25 126.27
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
69.94 30.94 0.46 101.34 39.46 38.54 100.42
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
94.2 19.78 1.61 115.59 76.03 72.81 112.37
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
106.62 24.63 1.86 133.11 83.85 80.13 129.39
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
81.76 26.21 1.28 109.25 56.83 54.27 106.69
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

Check for Overturning & Sliding:-


Check against Overturning Check against Sliding
Stabilize Moment
Load Total Total
Joint O/T FOS for
Case FOS Result Hz. Vert. Result
Mmt. (Soil,Pe Load on Sliding
d, Fdn) Ped Force Load

266 5 1.5 (DL+LL)


26.37 624.72 1030.93 62.79 SAFE 20.46 1103.76 26.97 SAFE
F7-C17 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
221.34 624.72 846.89 6.65 SAFE 52.58 981.07 9.33 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
275.91 624.72 1034.5 6.02 SAFE 65.46 1106.15 8.45 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
272.03 624.72 631.78 4.62 SAFE 61.53 837.66 6.81 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
207.58 624.72 802.59 6.88 SAFE 44.69 951.54 10.65 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
260.36 624.72 979.13 6.17 SAFE 56.5 1069.23 9.47 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
262.68 624.72 576.41 4.58 SAFE 55.95 800.75 7.16 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
168.11 624.72 748.17 8.17 SAFE 72.48 915.25 6.32 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
210.73 624.72 911.1 7.29 SAFE 91.16 1023.87 5.62 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
200.46 624.72 508.37 5.66 SAFE 82.96 755.39 4.56 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
128.46 624.72 901.32 11.88 SAFE 41.06 1017.36 12.39 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
159.91 624.72 1102.54 10.81 SAFE 50.69 1151.5 11.36 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
169.95 624.72 699.81 7.8 SAFE 58.63 883.02 7.54 SAFE

Check For Shear


a) Two Way Shear
Limit State Method

d/2

d/2

Critical Section = At distance d/2 from face of column


Concrete Grade = 30 N/mm2
Column Details
Length = 500 mm
Width = 750 mm

Foundation Details
Length = 3000 mm
Width = 3600 mm
Effective Depth = 425 mm
Percentage Of Steel = 0.3 %

Punching Load
Maximum Load on Column = 735.02 kN
Punching Shear,P = 735.024 x (( 3 x 3.6 ) - ( 0.925 x 1.175 ))
( 3 * 3.6 )
P = 661.06 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Shear Resistance Of Concrete (Vc)
= vc x bc x d -----Refer to clause no. 31.6.3.1 of IS 456
where vc = ks x tc
ks = 0.5 + βc -----should not be greater than 1
βc = Short Side Of Column
Long Side Of Column

500
βc =
750
βc = 0.67
ks = 1
τc = 1.37 N/mm2
bc = Appropriate perimeter at distance d/2

Length of critical section = 925 mm


Width of critical section = 1175 mm
Perimeter of critical section = 4200 mm

Depth 661060
Required = 1.37 x4200
= 114.89 mm
Shear Resistance = 1.37 x 4200 x 425 / 1000
2445 kN
157.26 kN/m2
B) One Way Shear
1000
0 1425 129 kN/m2
425

116.98 kN/m2
d 500 3600
750

500
200 55.5 kN/m2
1250
425 825

3000

149.34 kN/m2 157.26 kN/m2

153.96 kN/m2 155.08 kN/m2

Case = With Stress Increase


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
At Length
Maximum Pressure = 155.083 - 25 x 0.5 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.5 )
115.58 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3000 mm
Width at critical section = 1000 mm
Shear Force = 115.583 x 3 x 1
= 346.75 kN
At Width
Maximum Pressure = 128.995 - 25 x 0.5 - 18 x ( 2 - 0.5 )
89.5 kN/m2 -- For without Buoynacy Condition With Stress Increse
Length at critical section = 3600 mm
Width at critical section = 825 mm
Shear Force = 89.495 x 3.6 x 0.825
= 265.8 kN

Designed Shear Stress = 346.75 kN


Corresponding Length = 3000 mm

% Ast = 0.3
Allowable Shear Stress = 0.4 N/mm2 ----Refer Table 19 of IS 456
k = 1 ---- Refer clause no. 40.2 of IS 456
Increaae In Shear Stress = Allowed
τc = 1.25 x 0.396 x 1
= 0.5 N/mm2
Depth Required = 346749
0.495 x 3000
= 309 mm

Design Of Foundation
a) Calculation of Reinforcement at Bottom
Maximum Pressure = 157.26 -- Without Buoyancy Load Case
Pressure due to Soil & Fdn wt = ( 135 + 281.475 ) / ( 3 x 3.6 )
= 38.56
Net causing moment = 118.7 kN/m2
Maximum Projection of fdn = 1.43 m

Bending Moment = 118.701 x 1.425 x 1.425 / 2


= 120.52 kN.m
Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - 1-
(4.6 x Mu )
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 1227.79 mm2

Mini.% of re-bar = 0.2 %


Ast = 850 mm2
Use 16 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 200.96 mm2
Spacing = 163 mm
Provide Spacing = 160

Area Provided = 1256 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
b) Calculation of Reinforcement at Top
Reinforcement at top is checked for overburden load on top of foundation
since 100% of foundation is not in contact with soil.
Wt. Of Soil + Fdn wt. = 416.48 kN

Area Load = 416.475 / (3 x 3.6)

38.56 kN/m2

Maxi. Projection of fdn = 1.43 m

Bending Moment = 38.56 x 1.425 x 1.425 / 2

= 39.15 kN.m

Ast = 0.5 x fck x b x d 1 - (4.6 x Mu )


1-
fy fck x b x d2

Ast = 387.79 mm2

Mini % of Re-bar = 0.1 %

Ast = 425 mm2


Use 12 mm dia bars
Area of bar = 113.04 mm2

Spacing = 265
mm
Provide Spacing = 265
mm
Area Provided = 426.57 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways

Summary Of Design :-
Length Of Footing :- 3000 mm
WIdth Of Footing :- 3600 mm
Depth Of Footing :- 500 mm
Reinforcement :-
At Top :- Provide 12 mm dia Bars @ 265 mm spacing bothways
At Bottom :- Provide 16 mm dia Bars @ 160 mm spacing bothways
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

DESIGN OF ISOLATED FOOTING


Density Of Concrete = 25 kN/m3 FOOTING NO. F8
Density Of Soil = 18 kN/m 3
COLUMN NO. C16
Depth Of Foundation = 2 m
Net SBC = 104 kN/m2
(As per foundation design basis.)
Gross SBC = 104 + 2 x 18 REFER STAAD
ANALYSIS FILE
= 140 kN/m 2
SUPPORT REACTION.
(Where increase in SBC is not allowed.)
Gross SBC = 104 x 1.25 + 18 x 2
= 166 kN/m2
(Where increase in SBC is allowed.)
FC = 30 N/mm2
FY = 415 N/mm2
Length Of Footing L = 3 m
Width Of Footing W = 4.5 m
Thickness Of Fdn T = 0.6 m
Width Of Pedestal wp = 0.75 m
Length Of Pedestal lp = 0.5 m
Height Of Pedestal = 0 m
Coefficient Of Friction = 0.5
Ground Water Table Ht. = 0 m

1.88

W
Wp

1.88
Z

1.25 Lp 1.25
X

Load Calculation for Footing & Soil:-


Self Wt. Of Footing = 25 x 3 x 4.5 x 0.6
= 202.5 kN

Weight of Soil = [(3 x 4.5) - (0.5 x 0.75)] x (2 - 0.6 ) x 18


= 330.75 kN

Self Wt. Of Pedestal = 25 x 0.75 x 0.5 x 0


= 0 kN
(Not considered here since it is modelled in STAAD)
Weight of Footing + Soil = 202.5 + 0 + 330.75
= 533.25 kN
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G

INPUT:- INPUT STAAD SUPPORT REACTION (Unit kN - m)


JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z
265 5 1.5 (DL+LL) -4.95 886.62 13.62 10.25 2.62 16.02
F8-C16 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX) -49.19 721.27 11.31 9.18 7.28 251.21
7 1.5 (DL+EQX) -60.97 856.64 14.12 11.49 8.87 312.41
8 0.9DL+1.5EQX -59.2 519.97 8.68 7.38 7.92 306.65
9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX) 41.26 697.33 10.49 7.22 -3.1 -225.59
10 1.5 (DL-EQX) 52.09 826.72 13.11 9.05 -4.1 -283.59
11 0.9DL-1.5EQX 53.86 490.05 7.66 4.94 -5.06 -289.35
12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ) -4.03 708.26 -99.15 -287 -0.65 13.04
13 1.5 (DL+EQZ) -4.53 840.38 -123.95 -358.73 -1.04 14.69
14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ -2.75 503.71 -129.4 -362.84 -1.99 8.93
15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ) -3.9 710.33 120.95 303.4 4.83 12.59
16 1.5 (DL-EQZ) -4.36 842.97 151.18 379.27 5.8 14.13
17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ -2.58 506.3 145.73 375.16 4.85 8.37

Check for Maximum and Minimum Pressure at the Base:-


Area of Footing A = 3 x 4.5
A = 13.5 m2

Section Modulus Zxx = 1/6 x 3 x 4.5 x 4.5


Zxx = 10.13 m3

Section Modulus Zzz = 1/6 x 4.5 x 3 x 3


Zzz = 6.75 m3

Total Vertical Load P = 886.62 + 533.25


= 1419.87 kN

P/A = 1419.87 / (3 x 4.5 )


= 105.18 kN/m2

Mxx/Zxx = 10.251 / 10.125


Mxx/Zxx = 1.013 kN/m2

Mzz/Zzz = 16.016 / 6.75


Mzz/Zzz = 2.373 kN/m2

Maxi.Soil Pressure pmax = 105.176 + 1.013 + 2.373

pmax = 108.57 kN/m2 < 140 kN/m2

Less Than Allowable Hence O.K.

Mini.Soil Pressure pmin = 105.176 - 1.013 - 2.373

pmin = 101.79 kN/m2 > 0

No Tension at the Base of Footing


JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for Overturning:-

Overturning Moment = Resultant of Mx & Mz


= 19.02 kN.m

Calculation of Stabilizing Moment

Due to External Load = 886.62 x 3 / 2


= 1329.93 kN.m

Due to wt. of Pedestral = 0 x 1.5


= 0 kN.m

Due to Self Wt. of Fdn = 202.5 x 1.5


= 303.75 kN.m

Due to Wt. of Soil = 330.75 x 1.5


= 496.13 kN.m

Total Stabilizing moment = 1329.93 + 0 + 303.75 + 496.13


= 2129.81 kN.m

F.O.S. against Overturning = 2129.81 / 19.02


= 111.98 > 1.2 Hence Safe

Check for Sliding:-

Resultant Shear Force = 14.5 kN

Total Vertical Load = 1419.87 kN

F.O.S. against Sliding = 1419.87 x 0.5 / 14.5


= 48.97 > 1.4 Hence Safe
JOB NO.
JYOTI CUSTOMER GOVT. OF J&K POWER DEPT. DATE 4-Jul-2009
STRUCTURES LTD.
SUB STATION ALUSTENG CONTROL DESIGNED BY P.C.K
MUMBAI DESCRIPTION
ROOM BLDG. CHECKED BY S.A.G
Check for All Load Cases:-

Check for Maxi. & Mini. Pressure at Base of Footing:-

Load Total pmax pall pmin


Joint P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz Result
Case Load
265 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
### 105.18 1.02 2.38 108.58 140 101.78 SAFE
F8-C16 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
### 92.93 0.91 37.22 131.06 166 54.8 SAFE
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
### 102.95 1.14 46.29 150.38 166 55.53 SAFE
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
### 78.02 0.73 45.43 124.18 166 31.86 SAFE
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
### 91.15 0.72 33.42 125.29 166 57.02 SAFE
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
### 100.74 0.9 42.02 143.66 166 57.82 SAFE
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
1023.3 75.8 0.49 42.87 119.16 166 32.44 SAFE
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
### 91.96 28.35 1.94 122.25 166 61.68 SAFE
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
### 101.75 35.43 2.18 139.36 166 64.15 SAFE
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
### 76.81 35.84 1.33 113.98 166 39.65 SAFE
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
### 92.12 29.97 1.87 123.96 166 60.28 SAFE
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
### 101.94 37.46 2.1 141.5 166 62.39 SAFE
0 17 0.9DL-1.5EQZ
### 77 37.06 1.24 115.3 166 38.71 SAFE

Summary of Bearing Pressure


Without Stress Increase:- With Stress Increase:-
pmax = 108.58 kN/m2 pmax = 150.38 kN/m2
pmin = 101.78 kN/m2 pmin = 31.86 kN/m2

Load P/A Mxx/Zxx Mzz/Zzz


Joint 1+2+3 1-2+3 1-2-3 1+2-3
Case (1) (2) (3)
265 5 1.5 (DL+LL)
105.18 1.02 2.38 108.58 106.54 101.78 103.82
F8-C16 6 1.2 (DL+LL+EQX)
92.93 0.91 37.22 131.06 129.24 54.8 56.62
0 7 1.5 (DL+EQX)
102.95 1.14 46.29 150.39 148.11 55.53 57.81
0 8 0.9DL+1.5EQX
78.02 0.73 45.43 124.18 122.72 31.86 33.32
0 9 1.2 (DL+LL-EQX)
91.15 0.72 33.42 125.29 123.85 57.01 58.45
0 10 1.5 (DL-EQX)
100.74 0.9 42.02 143.66 141.86 57.82 59.62
0 11 0.9DL-1.5EQX
75.8 0.49 42.87 119.16 118.18 32.44 33.42
0 12 1.2 (DL+LL+EQZ)
91.96 28.35 1.94 122.25 65.55 61.67 118.37
0 13 1.5 (DL+EQZ)
101.75 35.43 2.18 139.36 68.5 64.14 135
0 14 0.9DL+1.5EQZ
76.81 35.84 1.33 113.98 42.3 39.64 111.32
0 15 1.2 (DL+LL-EQZ)
92.12 29.97 1.87 123.96 64.02 60.28 120.22
0 16 1.5 (DL-EQZ)
101.94 37.46 2.1 141.5 66.58 62.38 137.3
0 1