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UNIT 2 Grammar practice

Relative pronouns & adverbs which, what & that


1 Complete the sentences with one relative pronoun 3 Translate the sentences into your language.
or adverb each. 1 Is this the fastest that your car can go?
Sunday is when we usually play baseball. …………………………………………………………
1 This is the gym ………… I work out. …………………………………………………………
2 Alex Ferguson was a football manager ………… 2 He couldn’t believe what he was seeing.
had a lot of success with Manchester United. …………………………………………………………
3 Andy Murray, ………… coach is Ivan Lendl, has …………………………………………………………
won many tournaments recently. 3 These tickets were the cheapest ones that I could
4 Snowboarding is a sport ………… is becoming find.
more popular every year. …………………………………………………………
5 August is the month ………… most people go on …………………………………………………………
holiday. 4 I saw the Olympic 100m sprint final, which was
6 New York is a city ………… is always very busy. amazing.
…………………………………………………………
Defining & non-defining clauses …………………………………………………………
2 Complete the text with one relative pronoun or 5 All that I want to do now is sleep.
adverb in each gap. Then choose whether each …………………………………………………………
relative clause is defining or non-defining. …………………………………………………………
The world’s most popular sporting events
• Number 5: The fifth most watched sporting event is Formal & informal structures
the Monaco Grand Prix, which has been held
4 Complete the second and third sentences so that
every year since 1929. It usually has around 25
they mean the same as the first sentences. Use
million viewers. one formal and one informal structure.
• Number 4: The Super Bowl is also a sport We were talking about the Australian Open
(1) ………… is very popular. In 2012, there were Tournament.
111.5 million people (2) ………… watched the a) Formal: The Australian Open is the tournament
biggest game in American football. about which we were talking.
• Number 3: In third place is the ICC Cricket World b) Informal: The Australian Open is the tournament
Cup Championship, (3) ………… was watched by which we were talking about.
several hundred million people in 2011. 1 The students were talking to Professor Lee.
• Number 2: It’s the FIFA World Cup (4) ………… a) Formal: Professor Lee is the person ..................
has the second biggest audience in sport. In 2010, .................................................................................
there were 700 million people watching b) Informal: Professor Lee is the person .................
(5) ………… Spain played the Netherlands. .................................................................................
• Number 1: In the summer of 2012, everyone was 2 I studied at Harvard University.
watching London, (6) ………… the Olympics a) Formal: Harvard is the university ........................
opening ceremony had an estimated 1 billion .................................................................................
viewers. b) Informal: Harvard is the university ......................
.................................................................................
defining / non-defining 3 They have been training for the decathlon.
1 defining / non-defining a) Formal: The decathlon is the event ....................
2 defining / non-defining .................................................................................
3 defining / non-defining b) Informal: The decathlon is the event ..................
4 defining / non-defining .................................................................................
5 defining / non-defining
6 defining / non-defining

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UNIT 2 Grammar practice
Consolidation
5 Complete the second sentence so that it has the
same meaning as the first sentence. Use the
words in bold.
I borrowed my brother’s coat. He’ll be back
tomorrow. (whose)
My brother, whose coat I borrowed, will be back
tomorrow.
1 I’ve lived in this house all my life and it’s for sale.
(where)
This house, ………………………………………, is
for sale.
2 ‘I didn’t hit your car, Mr Long,’ said Dan. (denied)
Dan ……………………………………… Mr Long’s
car.
3 ‘Who told you about the problem, Simon?’ asked
Jane. (had)
Jane asked Simon
……………………………………… about the
problem.
4 First, he ate the cake, then he drank some tea.
(had)
After he ………………………………………, he
drank some tea.
6 Complete the sentences with the correct forms of
the verbs in bold.
Gemma promised to text me when she got home.
(text)
1 Kamil apologized for ………………………… his
mother’s birthday. (forget)
2 By the time you arrived, we …………………………
for three hours. (already / wait)
3 Sam advised his sister ………………………… to
the party. (not / go)
4 ………………………… James yesterday? (see)
5 Sorry, I forgot the money. I …………………………
it tomorrow, I promise. (bring)
6 ………………………… the Taj Mahal? (ever /
visit)

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