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Tyrese Turner

Climate Change

Sept 22, 2018

Pros and Cons of Climate Change

Throughout history, global warming and climate change have become inevitable stains

that are harmful to humanity as well as animals but sometimes climate change can be beneficial

as well. In “Global Concern about Climate Change, Broad Support for Limiting Emissions, ”

Bruce Stokes uses arrangement, style, and delivery to help build his logos and ethos towards his

audience. Also throughout his article, Bruce Stokes will provide a variety of facts, statistics

which will help build his rhetorical effectiveness. On the other hand, “How can climate change

affect animals,” NASA uses style, delivery, and imagery that will help build their logos, ethos,

and pathos. The purpose of these articles is to inform and persuade a broad audience to get

informed about the global warming issues. Stokes wrote this article from an anti-global warming

perspective. All of the statistics about the negative effects that global warming has on the world

benefits the logos and ethos strategies he is implementing benefits his purpose and gives him

access to a broader audience. While NASA wrote their article from a more positive climate

change perspective but its only temporary. NASA used basic but intriguing images, as well as

different fonts types to employ rhetoric among their audience.

Stokes targeted audience is very broad due to all the points he touches on in this article.

Throughout this article, the word “world” keeps reappearing, which elucidates how this is a

world-renowned issue. This recurring word draws a very broad audience by itself due to the fact
that everyone who reads this article lives somewhere in this world, which makes them relevant to

the topic at hand. The reader uses detailed imagery and states interesting facts about many

different places in the world. “In Brazil, home of one of the world’s largest carbon sinks, 86%

believe climate change is a very serious concern.” (Stokes 2) Stokes including this small statistic

has a large impact on the people from Brazil because he shows that they are important by

incorporating this fact about them in this article. He builds his logos and ethos with the Brazilian

nation because of the way he shows their significance to the climate change issue. NASA’s

targeted audiences are animal lovers and nature lovers. They do a good job by including images

of the animals they are specifically talking about. This gives the audience a visual of what NASA

is actually writing about. NASA also uses a lot more images to help give the reader a visual of

the marmots and how they interact with their habitats. NASA has already built their ethos, which

is credibility when they even decided to write about climate change. NASA is a very credible

source, as well as reliable as far as information goes.

In NASA’s article, they speak about early spring and how it positively affects the

marmots in these affected areas. NASA expounds on how “for the past 30 years or so, spring

temperatures have been coming one day earlier each year.”(NASA 1) This little fact about spring

is important because it gives the marmots one more whole month to eat plenty more green plants

and get fatter before they have to go into that long fall hibernation. This also means that the

marmots have more food that’s stored in their bodies, which means more of them are surviving

the winters with ease. NASA builds their, ethos and pathos with this statistic because nature and

animal lovers are appreciating their knowledge about the topic at hand. In this article, Stokes

discusses how the world leaders will meet in Paris to talk about different global agendas and

climate change agreements that every nation can abide by for the years to come. When polling
the nations “Majorities in all 40 nations polled say it is a serious problem,”(Stokes 1) which

conveys how important and big of an issue global warming is across the world. The fact that the

author included this small polling information has a great effect on how people will view this

article because this connotes a feeling of connection between the people of America and the

world. Stokes then begins to talk about the differences the nations face on the global warming

topic. Americans and the Chinese economies are responsible for the “greatest annual CO2

emissions, are among the least concerned.” (Stokes 1) Incorporating this gives his article conflict

because most people wondering what America and China are doing that makes them responsible

for the greatest annual CO2 emissions. This little piece of evidence catches the audience

attention because of this cause controversy among these nation’s people, overall making things

more interesting. The nations agreeing to these terms will have a large impact on the world and a

greater impact of how people will live because most countries believe that the richer and

wealthier countries should do more for the climate change because they produce most of the

greenhouse gases. The potential consequences of climate change are droughts, severe weather,

long periods of hot weather and rising sea levels.

NASA builds pathos, and logos by including facts about the climate and specific animals

that most people wouldn’t know about. Additionally, they choose to include images and graphs

that are specific to his information. The images and graphs they incorporated in his text are very

appealing to those who are more visual people and that is another way he has to widen the

audience that he is trying to reach. Their font styles and delivery of information to images are

very appealing to mostly everyone because he includes a lot of pictures and graphs to give a

visual, a lot of facts and statistics for those who enjoy reading the information instead of just

looking at a picture of what he is talking about, which also helps build up his credibility and
broaden his audience throughout the world. Stokes uses arrangement and delivery to build up his

credibility by citing concrete statistics and facts about climate change. In his article, he begins to

cite very compelling and reliable sources such as, “In the United States, 45% believe global

climate change is a very serious problem. One-in-four Americans do not consider climate change

to be a serious problem, one of the highest shares of all the nations surveyed. Only Israelis (30%)

and Russians (26%) are more likely to say that climate change is not a serious concern.” (Stokes

2) The word “serious” continues to be used repeatedly. The word serious connotes a sense of a

stern attitude. This conveys how significant this problem is to the author and why people feel

that he knows what he is talking about.

Even though, Stokes starts off his essay strong by adequately informing the audience

about climate change. Towards the end, he begins to add his own ideas and opinions which

overall causes this article to lose some credibility because the audience will see how he loses his

focus just to push forward his own ideas and logic. The audience could see how big of an issue

climate change is to everyone around the world. This helps to expand the audience’s perspective

on the topic at hand and this makes the audience have a broader view, which overall helps the

author build up his ethos and logos. Stokes rhetorical strategies and canons help him build a

concrete and compelling article on the dangers of climate change and why they should resolve

the issue. Overall, I felt Stokes article was more rhetorically effective due to the fact of how

credible he was because of the great evidence he included and the way he delivered it.

Work Cited

● NASA. “How Can Climate Change Affect Animals?” NASA, NASA,
● Stokes, Bruce, et al. “Global Concern about Climate Change, Broad Support for Limiting

Emissions.” Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project, 5 Nov. 2015,