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Table by Abby Recio

Reference: Criminal Procedure (Riano), p. 519-521

Judgement from... File a… File with… Appeal to the…

Municipal Trial Court Notice of Appeal Municipal Trial Court* Regional Trial Court

Regional Trial Court (original


Notice of Appeal Regional Trial Court* Court of Appeals
jurisdiction)
Regional Trial Court (appellate
Petition for Review under Rule 42 Court of Appeals Court of Appeals
jurisdiction)
Regional Trial Court (imposed
penalty of reclusion perpetua or life
imprisonment; OR lesser penalty is
imposed but for offenses committed
on the same occasion; OR which
Notice of Appeal Regional Trial Court* Court of Appeals
arose out of the same occurrence that
gave rise to the more serious offense
for which the penalty for death,
reclusion perpetua, or life
imprisonment is imposed)
NONE
(records forwarded to the CA
NONE
Regional Trial Court (death penalty) within 20 but not earlier than 15 Court of Appeals
(automatic review by the CA)
days from promulgation or denial
of MR/Motion for New Trial)
Court of Appeals (penalty OTHER
THAN death, reclusion perpetua, or
life imprisonment) (only questions of Petition for Review Supreme Court Supreme Court
law to be raised + only errors of CA,
not RTC)
Court of Appeals (penalty OTHER
THAN death, reclusion perpetua, or Petitioner for Certiorari under Rule
Supreme Court Supreme Court
life imprisonment) (questions of fact 45
to be raised)
Court of Appeals (reclusion perpetua,
Notice of Appeal Court of Appeals Supreme Court
life imprisonment)

* “Filed with the court which rendered judgement or final order appealed from and by serving a copy thereof upon the adverse party”