You are on page 1of 2

Colaborativa unidad 2

Hector jhair lesmes correal

Cód. 1013621767
Jhon Edwin Borray
Cristian Giovanny Rodríguez

Electronic Engineering Program - National Open and Distance University UNAD, School of Basic Sciences Technology and
Engineering ECBTI – Colombia


This report is made based on the requirements of the guide given for its development, to be able to identify the sensors and
actuators that are going to be used in the project in complete SCADA, as well as to take into account the operation of the
sensors and their response to the variables to be treated, such as the temperature in the tank and the level of liquid.

1. INTRODUCCION The derivative mode. - Produces a control action that is

proportional to the speed with which the error is changing.
This work is carried out in consideration of the proposed
When there is a sudden change in the error signal, the
guide in which the variables to be taken into account in the
controller produces a correction signal of great magnitude;
process of the micro-brewery are developed, in which it
when the change is gradual, only a small corrective signal
must be carried to certain temperatures and filled with tanks
is produced. It is considered then that the derivative control
of the production process.
is acting in advance, since when measuring the speed with
Also evaluating this process, we do not realize the needs which the error changes, it anticipates and exerts its control
that we can find in the industry and provide solutions to the before it occurs. This control is not used alone; it is always
different problems that may arise in these processes and used together with the proportional or with the PI.
use the software tools and mathematical tools.
What are sensors
2.MARCO TEORICO The sensor is called the instrument that produces a signal,
usually electrical (once hydraulic signals were used), which
PID control. - It is a type of control in closed loop, very used
reflects the value of a property, through some definite
for the control of variables such as temperature, level, correlation (its gain). Strictly speaking, a sensor is an
speed, pressure, etc. The PID receives an error calculated instrument that does not alter the property surveyed. For
from the desired output minus the output obtained, and its example, a temperature sensor would be such an
output is used as input in the system we want to control. instrument that it does not add or yield heat to the census
The controller attempts to minimize the error by adjusting mass, that is, in concrete, it would be an instrument of zero
the system input. It is a type of control acts proportionally to mass or that does not contact the mass to which the
temperature should be measured (a infrared radiation
the error, takes into account the disturbances and is
thermometer, pe).
predictive, that is; act before the error occurs.
What are actuators
The proportional mode. - Produces a control action that is They are the final elements of control, responsible for taking
proportional to the error. The corrective signal will increase the output of a control system and turn it into a control action
as the error does. If the error decreases, the magnitude of on the process. For example; a valve that prevents or
the correction also decreases and the correction process restricts the passage of gas to a burner that heats an
slows down. element part of a process, that valve is an actuator.
It is also an actuator, for example; a hydraulic cylinder
that acts on a device to which it must exercise a
The integral mode. - Produces a control action that is
certain pressure, etc.
proportional to the integral of the error in time. That is to
say; a constant error signal will produce a correction signal
that increases steadily. The correction will continue to
increase while the error persists is as if the integral
controller looks back, adds all the errors and responds
according to the changes that occure.

Transfer function:
A transfer function is a mathematical model that through a
quotient? relates the response of a system (modeled) to a
input signal or excitation (also modeled). In the control
theory, the functions of transfer to characterize the input
relationships and output of components or systems that are
described by linear and invariant differential equations
in the time. The transfer function of a linear system and
invariant in time (LTI), is defined as the quotient between
the Laplace transform of the output and the Laplace
transform of the entrance, under the assumption
that the initial conditions are zero.