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outside diameter of the tube if the stress is limited to 120

MN/m2. answer

Solution 104

106. Given:

Diameter of cable = 0.6 inch

Weight of bar = 6000 lb

Required: Stress in the cable

Solution 106

where:

thus,

answer

answer Problem 107

Given:

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer Axial load P = 3000 lb

Problem 105 page 12 Cross-sectional area of the rod = 0.5 in2

Given:

Weight of bar = 800 kg Required: Stress in steel, aluminum, and bronze

Maximum allowable stress for bronze = 90 MPa sections

Maximum allowable stress for steel = 120 MPa Solution 107

Required: Smallest area of bronze and steel cables

Solution 105

By symmetry:

For steel:

answer

For aluminum:

answer

Solution 109

answer

For bronze:

answer

Problem 108 page 12

For wire AB: By sine law (from the

Given: force polygon):

Maximum allowable stress for steel = 140 MPa

Maximum allowable stress for aluminum = 90 MPa

Maximum allowable stress for bronze = 100 MPa

Required: Maximum safe value of axial load P

Solution 108

For bronze:

For aluminum: Problem 110 page 13

Given:

Size of steel bearing plate = 12-inches square

Size of concrete footing = 12-inches square

For Steel: Size of wooden post = 8-inches diameter

Maximum allowable stress for wood = 1800 psi

Maximum allowable stress for concrete = 650 psi

For safe , use answer

Required: Maximum safe value of load P

Solution 110

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer For wood:

Problem 109 page 13

Given:

Maximum allowable stress of the wire = 30 ksi

Cross-sectional area of wire AB = 0.4 in2

Cross-sectional area of wire AC = 0.5 in2 From FBD of Wood:

Required: Largest weight W

At joint F:

For concrete:

Problem 111 page 14 At joint E:

Given:

Cross-sectional area of each member = 1.8 in2

Required: Stresses in members CE, DE, and DF

Solution 111

From the FBD of the truss:

Stresses:

Stress = Force/Area

answer

answer

answer

Problem 112 page 14

Given:

Maximum allowable stress in tension = 20 ksi

Maximum allowable stress in compression = 14 ksi

Required: Cross-sectional areas of members AG, BC,

and CE

Solution 112

answer

Check:

(OK!)

Compression

answer

For member BD: (See FBD 01)

Tension

answer

For member CF: (See FBD 01)

Compression

answer

At joint E: For member BC: (See FBD 02)

Compression

Compression

answer

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer

Problem 114 page 15

answer Given:

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Maximum allowable stress in each cable = 100 MPa

Singer Area of cable AB = 250 mm2

Problem 113 page 15 Area of cable at C = 300 mm 2

Given: Required: Mass of the heaviest bar that can be

Cross sectional area of each member = 1600 mm 2. supported

Required: Stresses in members BC, BD, and CF Solution 114

Solution 113

Based on cable AB:

The resisting area is the shaded area along the

perimeter and the shear force is equal to the

punching force .

Based on cable at C:

answer

Safe weight

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer

Problem 116 page 16

Given:

Shear strength of plate = 40 ksi

answer Allowable compressive stress of punch = 50 ksi

The figure below:

SHEAR STRESS

Problem 115 page 16

Given:

Required diameter of hole = 20 mm

Thickness of plate = 25 mm

Shear strength of plate = 350 MN/m 2

Required: Force required to punch a 20-mm-diameter

hole

Required:

Solution 115

a. Maximum thickness of plate to punch a 2.5

inches diameter hole

b. Diameter of smallest hole if the plate is 0.25 inch

thick

Solution 116

a. Maximum thickness of plate:

Based on puncher strength:

Equivalent

shear force of the plate

Based on shear strength of plate:

answer

b. Diameter of smallest hole:

Based on compression of puncher:

Equivalent shear

force for plate

Based on shearing of plate:

answer

Problem 117 page 17

Given:

Force P = 400 kN

Shear strength of the bolt = 300 MPa

The figure below:

Where:

answer

Required: Diameter of the smallest bolt Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer

Solution 117 Problem 119 page 17

The bolt is subject to double shear.

Given:

Diameter of pin at B = 20 mm

Problem 118 page 17

Given:

Diameter of pulley = 200 mm

Diameter of shaft = 60 mm

Length of key = 70 mm

Applied torque to the shaft = 2.5 kN·m

Allowable shearing stress in the key = 60 MPa

Required: Width b of the key

Solution 118

shear force of pin at B

double shear

answer

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer

Problem 120 page 17

Given:

Unit weight of each member = 200 lb/ft

Maximum shearing stress for pin at A = 5 000 psi

Required: The smallest diameter pin that can be used at

A Length,

Solution 120 Weight,

For member AB:

Equation (2)

Length,

Weight,

Equation (1)

answer

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer

Problem 121 page 18 Problem 122 page 18

Given: Given:

Allowable shearing stress in the pin at B = 4000 psi Width of wood =

Allowable axial stress in the control rod at C = 5000 psi Thickness of wood =

Diameter of the pin = 0.25 inch Angle of Inclination of glued joint =

Diameter of control rod = 0.5 inch Cross sectional area =

Pin at B is at single shear

Required: The maximum force P that can be applied by Required: Show that shearing stress on glued

the operator joint

Solution 121

Solution 122

Shear area,

Shear area,

Shear force,

(ok!)

BEARING STRESS

Problem 125

In Fig. 1-12, assume that a 20-mm-diameter rivet joins

the plates that are each 110 mm wide. The allowable

stresses are 120 MPa for bearing in the plate material

and 60 MPa for shearing of rivet. Determine (a) the

minimum thickness of each plate; and (b) the largest

average tensile stress in the plates.

Equation (2)

Based on tension of rod (equation 1):

Solution 125

Part (a):

From shearing of rivet:

The figure below:

answer

answer

Problem 126 page 21

Given:

Diameter of each rivet = 3/4 inch Required: Minimum bolt diameter and minimum

Maximum allowable shear stress of rivet = 14 ksi thickness of each yoke

Maximum allowable bearing stress of plate = 18 ksi

Solution 127

The figure below:

applied

For shearing of rivets (double shear)

Solution 126

Based on shearing of rivets:

diameter of bolt answer

For bearing of yoke:

thickness of yoke answer

Problem 128 page 21

Safe load answer

Given:

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer Shape of beam = W18 × 86

Problem 127 page 21 Shape of girder = W24 × 117

Shape of angles = 4 × 3-½ × 3/8

Given: Diameter of rivets = 7/8 inch

Load P = 14 kips Allowable shear stress = 15 ksi

Maximum shearing stress = 12 ksi Allowable bearing stress = 32 ksi

Maximum bearing stress = 20 ksi

Required: Allowable load on the connection

Required:

Shearing stress in the head of the bolt

Shearing stress in threads of the bolt

Outside diameter of the washer

Solution 129

Solution 128

Relevant data from the table (Appendix B of textbook):

Properties of Wide-Flange Sections (W shapes): U.S.

Customary Units

Designation Web thickness

W18 × 86 0.480 in

W24 × 117 0.550 in

There are 8 single-shear rivets in the girder and 4

double-shear (equivalent to 8 single-shear) in the beam,

thus, the shear strength of rivets in girder and beam are

equal.

Tensile force on the bolt:

The thickness of girder W24 × 117 is 0.550 inch while Shearing stress in the head of the bolt:

thus, the critical in bearing is the clip.

answer

Shearing stress in the threads:

The thickness of beam W18 × 86 is 0.480 inch while that answer

of the clip angle is 2 × 0.375 = 0.75 inch (clip angles are

Outside diameter of washer:

on both sides of the beam), thus, the critical in bearing is

the beam.

answer

The allowable load on the connection

Problem 130 page 22

is answer

Given:

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer Allowable shear stress = 70 MPa

Problem 129 page 21 Allowable bearing stress = 140 MPa

Diameter of rivets = 19 mm

Given:

Diameter of bolt = 7/8 inch

Diameter at the root of the thread (bolt) = 0.731 inch

Inside diameter of washer = 9/8 inch

Tensile stress in the nut = 18 ksi

Bearing stress = 800 psi

The truss below:

say 5 rivets

Based on bearing of member:

of rivets, n

say 7 rivets

use 7 rivets for member BC answer

For member BE:

Required: Based on shearing of rivets:

Number of rivets to fasten member BC to the gusset

plate Where A = area of 1 rivet × number of rivets, n

Number of rivets to fasten member BE to the gusset

plate say 5 rivets

Largest average tensile or compressive stress in

Based on bearing of member:

members BC and BE

Solution 130 Where Ab = diameter of rivet × thickness of BE × number

At Joint C: of rivets, n

say 3 rivets

use 5 rivets for member BE answer

Relevant data from the table (Appendix B of

textbook): Properties of Equal Angle Sections: SI Units

Designation Area

L75 × 75 × 6 864 mm2

L75 × 75 × 13 1780 mm2

(Tension)

Consider the section through member BD, BE, and CE:

answer

Compressive stress of member BE (L75 × 75 × 13):

(Compression)

For Member BC:

Based on shearing of rivets: answer

Where A = area of 1 rivet × number of rivets,

n

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