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Name_________________________

4.3 section Extra Credit


Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. In Niels Bohr’s model of the atom, electrons move


a. like balls rolling down a hill. c. like popcorn in a popcorn popper.
b. like planets orbiting the sun. d. like beach balls on water waves.
____ 2. What can you assume has happened if an electron moves to a higher energy level?
a. The atom has become more stable. c. The electron has gained energy.
b. The electron has lost energy. d. The atom has lost an electron.
____ 3. How was Bohr’s atomic model similar to Rutherford’s model?
a. It assigned energy levels to electrons.
b. It described electron position in terms of the electron cloud model.
c. It described how electrons gain or lose energy.
d. It described a nucleus surrounded by a large volume of space.
____ 4. Which statement accurately represents the arrangement of electrons in Bohr’s atomic model?
a. Electrons vibrate in fixed locations around the nucleus.
b. Electrons travel around the nucleus in fixed energy levels with energies that vary from
level to level.
c. Electrons travel around the nucleus in fixed energy levels with equal amounts of energy.
d. Electrons travel randomly in the relatively large space outside the nucleus.
____ 5. What do scientists use to predict the locations of electrons in atoms?
a. probability c. geometry
b. algebra d. ratios and proportions
____ 6. What does the electron cloud model describe?
a. the most likely locations of electrons in atoms
b. the precise locations of electrons in atoms
c. the number of electrons in an atom
d. the mass of the electrons in an atom
____ 7. Which statement about electrons and atomic orbitals is NOT true?
a. An electron has the same amount of energy in all orbitals.
b. An orbital can contain a maximum of two electrons.
c. An electron cloud represents all the orbitals in an atom.
d. An atom’s lowest energy level has only one orbital.
____ 8. Which of the following provides the best analogy for an electron in an atomic orbital?
a. a bee buzzing from flower to flower in a garden
b. a bird flying high in the sky
c. an ant crawling on the surface of a leaf
d. a bee buzzing inside a closed jar
____ 9. What is the difference between an atom in the ground state and an atom in an excited state?
a. The atom in the ground state has less energy and is less stable than the atom in an excited
state.
b. The atom in an excited state has one fewer electron than the atom in the ground state.
c. The atom in an excited state has more energy and is less stable than the atom in the ground
state.
d. The atom in an excited state has one more electron than the atom in the ground state.
____ 10. The glowing of a neon light is caused by electrons emitting energy as they
a. move from lower to higher energy levels. c. move from higher to lower energy levels.
b. collide with other electrons. d. collide with the nucleus.