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2m

10m

WATER
TANK

23m
GENERATOR
10m

QT ; VT

TURBINE

GROUND

WATER
TANK

2m
WATER PUMP
2m

3m
POWER CALCULATIONS
TANK HIEGHT (m) 10 m

TANK ELEVATION (m) 10 m

GROSS HEAD (m) 20 m

PIPE LENGTH (m) 14 m

PIPE DIAMETER (m) 0.13 m

PIPE MATERIAL SCH 40 PVC

INTERNAL ROUGHNESS (m) 0m

FLUID PROPERTIES:

FLUID WATER

DENSITY [ 20OC ] 998 kg/m3

DYNAMIC VISCOCITY [ 20 OC ] 0 Pas

KINETIC VISCOCITY [ 20 OC ] 0 kg/ms

FITTINGS: K FACTOR QTY TOTAL FACTOR

90O ELBOWS LR 0.21 2 0.42

GATE VALVES 0.1 2 0.2

PIPE EXIT FROM TANK 0.5 1 0.5

PIPE ENTRY TO TURBINE 1 1 1


SYSTEM K DUE TO FITTINGS Ks 2.12

1. FLOW INTO TURBINE (QT AND VT)

CALCULATIONS:

INITIAL VELOCITY ESTIMATE


(max frictionless flow) V0 19.81 m/s

Reynolds Number Re 2466251.33 TURBULENT FLOW

RELATIVE ROUGHNESS (k/D) ε 0

FRICTION FACTOR f 0.01 Used Haaland Equation


PIPE K DUE TO FRICTION Kf 1.28

HEAD LOSS DUE TO FRICTION


(PENSTOCK FRICTION) Hf 7.52 m 37.58%

HEAD LOSS DUE TO FITTINGS


(MINOR LOSSES) Hm 12.48 m

VELOCITY AT TURBINE ENTRY VT 10.75 m/s

FLOW RATE AT TURBINE ENTRY QT 0.13 m3/s 131.91

2. TURBINE SHAFT POWER


GROSS POWER GENERATED
(TURBINE SHAFT) PG 25.88 KW

NET POWER @ 80%


(DUE TO TURBINE INEFFICIENCY) PN 20.7 KW

DAILY AVAILABLE POWER 496.91 KWH

3. PUMP AND MOTOR SELECTION


PUMP DISCHARGE FLOW RATE QD 0.13 m3/s
Colebrook-White Equation for Turbulent Fow

p 1 v 12 p 2 v 22
  z1=   z2 h L
γ 2g γ 2g
PERCENTAGE HEAD LOSS
ation for Turbulent Fow
PUMP AND MOTOR SELECTION CALCULATIONS

1. FLUID PROPERTIES & FLOW RATE


FLUID PUMPED WATER

PUMPING TEMPERATURE OC 20 OC

DENSITY @ PT 998 kg/m3

VISCOCITY @ PT 0 Pas

NORMAL FLOW RATE 0.13 m3/s

DESIGN FACTOR % 10%

RATED FLOW RATE 0.145102 m3/s

MASS FLOW RATE 144.81 kg/s

KINETIC VISCOCITY @ PT 0 kg/ms

2. HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS

2A. SUCTION PIPE SIZING


PIPE MATERIAL PVC

INTERNAL ROUGHNESS k (m) 0m

SUCTION PIPE SIZE (m) 0.13 m

DISCHARGE PIPE SIZE (m) 0.15 m

ESTIMATED PIPE LENGTH (m) 2m

FRICTION FACTOR CONTINGENCY 10%

TOTAL ESTIMATED PIPE LENGTH (m) 2.2 m

RELATIVE ROUGHNESS (k/D) ε 0

FLOW VELOCITY V 10.75 m/s

REYNOLDS NUMBER Re 1338271.75 TURBULENT FLOW

FRICTION FACTOR f 0.01 Used Haaland Equation


SUCTION PIPE HEAD LOSS Hfs 1.25