3 views

Uploaded by srikaanth3811

It's about Markov Chain

- Lecture1_Feb8
- DSC3215-ZHQ (I, 1718)
- NMSA334 Stochastic Processes 1
- Decision Science-204 MCQ's
- Blooms Taxonomy
- s4 Btech Mqp Random Process
- Markov
- Feller Book
- ans3.pdf
- jssisivolxxiiparti_1529
- MA6451-Probability and Random Processes QB
- Shreve Stochcal4fin 1
- Statistical Data Analysis Book Dang Quang the Hong
- LIFO policy for Perishable Inventory systems under fuzzy environment
- Application of Markov Chain to the Assessment of Students Admission and Academic Performance in Ekiti State University
- Stoping Times
- 264_3
- R5210402 Probability Theory & Stochastic Processes
- External Environmental Analysis PDF
- Mathcad - CAPE - 2002 - Math Unit 2 - Paper 01

You are on page 1of 7

&

QUEUEING THEORY

Dr. P. GodhandaRaman

Assistant Professor

Department of Mathematics

SRM University, Kattankulathur – 603 203

Email : godhanda@gmail.com, Mobile : 9941740168

1

Dr. P. Godhandaraman, Assistant Professor, Dept of Maths, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Mobile: 9941740168, Email: godhanda@gmail.com

15MA207 – PROBABILITY AND QUEUEING THEORY

UNIT – 5 : MARKOV CHAINS

Syllabus

• Introduction to Stochastic process, Markov process, Markov chain one step & n-step Transition Probability.

• Transition Probability Matrix and Applications

• Chapman Kolmogorov theorem (Statement only) – Applications.

• Classification of states of a Markov chain – Applications

INTRODUCTION

Random Processes or Stochastic Processes : A random process is a collection of random variables , which are

functions of a real variable (time). Here ∈ (sample space) and ∈ (index set) and each , is a real valued

function. The set of possible values of any individual member is called state space.

Classification : Random processes can be classified into 4 types depending on the continuous or discrete nature of the

state space S and index set T.

1. Discrete random sequence : If both S and T are discrete

2. Discrete random process : If S is discrete and T is continuous

3. Continuous random sequence : If S is continuous and T is discrete

4. Continuous random process : If both S and T are continuous.

Markov Process

If, for < < < ⋯ < , we have ≤ / = , = ... = = ≤ / =

then the process is called a Markov process. That is, if the future behaviour of the process depends only on the

present state and not on the past, then the random process is called a Markov process.

Markov Chain : If, for all , = / = , = ... = = = / = then

the process ; = 0,1,2 … is called a Markov chain.

One Step Transition Probability : The conditional probability !" − 1, = $ = " / = ! % is called one step

transition probability from state ! to state " in the &' step.

Homogeneous Markov Chain : If the one step transition probability does not depend on the step. That is, ()* + −

,,+=()*-−,, - the Markov chain is called a homogeneous markov chain or the chain is said to have stationary

transition probabilities.

+ - Step Transition Probability : The conditional probability !" = $ = "/ = !% is called n – step transition

probability.

&'

Chapman Kolmogorov Equations : If P is the tpm of a homogeneous Markov chain, the step tpm is equal to

. That is, / !" 0=1 !" 2 .

3

Regular Matrix : A stochastic matrix P is said to be a regular matrix, if all the entries of are positive. A

homogeneous Markov chain is said to be regular if its tpm is regular.

Classification of States of a Markov Chain

Irreducible Chain and Non - Irreducible (or) Reducible: If for every 4, 5 we can find some such that !" > 0, then

every state can be reached from every other state, and the Markov chain is said to be irreducible. Otherwise the chain is

non – irreducible or reducible.

Return State : State 4 of a Markov chain is called a return state, if !" > 0 for some > 1.

Periodic State and Aperiodic State : The period 7! of a return state 4 is the greatest common divisor of all 8 such that

3

!" > 0. That is, 7! = 9:; <8: !! > 0 >. State 4 is periodic with period 7! if 7! > 1 and aperiodic if 7! = 1.

Recurrent (Persistent) State and Transient : If ∑AB @!! = 1, the return to state 4 is certain and the state 4 is said to be

persistent or recurrent. Otherwise, it is said to be transient.

Null Persistent and Non – null Persistent State : C!! = ∑AB @!! is called the mean recurrence time of the state 4. If

C!! is finite, the state 4 is non null persistent. If C!! = ∞ the state 4 is null persistent.

Ergodic State: A non null persistent and aperiodic state are called ergodic.

2

Dr. P. Godhandaraman, Assistant Professor, Dept of Maths, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Mobile: 9941740168, Email: godhanda@gmail.com

Theorem used to classify states

1. If a Markov chain is irreducible, all its states are of the same type. They are all transient, all null persistent or all

non null persistent. All its states are either aperiodic or periodic with the same period.

2. If a Markov chain is finite irreducible, all its states are non null persistent.

PROBLEMS

1. A man either drives a car or catches a train to go to office each day. He never goes 2 days in a row by train but if he

drives one day, then the next day he is just as likely to drive again as he is to travel by train. Now suppose that on the

first day of the week, the man tossed a fair die and drove to work if and only if a 6 appeared. (i) Find the probability

that he takes a train on the 3rd day (ii) Find the probability that he drives to work in the long run.

E 4 → E 4 = 0, E 4 → : E = 1, : E → E 4 = , : E → : E =

Solution : Let T – Train and C - Car. If today he goes by train, next day he will not go by train.

:

0 1

=G H . The first day of the week, the man tossed a fair die and drove to work if and only if a 6 appeared. Initial

:

J

state probability distribution is obtained by throwing a die.

I I I

= / 0

J

I I

The 1st day sate distribution is

0 1

= = / 0 G H = / 0

J

I I

The 2nd day sate distribution is

0 1

The 3rd day sate distribution is = = / 0 G H = / K K0

K

P(he travels by train on 3rd day) =

(ii) The limiting form or long run probability distribution. LM = L

(i)

0 1

NO O P G H = NO O P

= O ⇒ O = 2 O

QR

(1)

O + = O ⇒ O = 2 O

QR

O + O = 1

(2)

,

(3)

(4)

+O = 1 ⇒ LV = ,

V

U

Sub. (4) in (3), P(driving in the long run) = .

2. A college student X has the following study habits. If he studies one night, he is 70% sure not to study the next night.

If he does not study one night, he is only 60% sure not to study the next night also. Find (i) the transition probability

matrix (ii) how often he studies in the long run.

Solution : Let S – Studying and N - Not Studying. If he studies one night, next night he is 70% not studying.

Z

0.3 0.7

= / 0 . The limiting form or long run probability distribution. LM = L

Z 0.4 0.6

0.3 0.7

NO O P / 0 = NO O P

0.4 0.6

0.3 O + 0.4 O = O ⇒ 0.4 O = 0.7 O ⇒ 4 O = 7O

0.7 O + 0.6 O = O ⇒ 0.4 O = 0.7 O ⇒ 4 O = 7O

(1)

O + O = 1

(2)

O + O = 1 ⇒ LV =

K̀ a

(3)

,,

Sub. (1) in (3), (4)

O + =1⇒ L, = , P(he studies in the long run) =

a b b

,, ,, ,,

Sub. (4) in (3), .

3

Dr. P. Godhandaraman, Assistant Professor, Dept of Maths, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Mobile: 9941740168, Email: godhanda@gmail.com

,

U

3. Suppose that the probability of a dry day following a rainy day is and that the probability of a rainy day following a

,

dry day is V. Given that May 1 is a dry day, find the prob. that (i) May 3 is also a dry day (ii) May 5 is also a dry day.

; c

Solution : Let D – Dry day and R - Rainy day.

;

= d e . Initial state probability distribution is the probability distribution on May 1. Since May 1 is a dry day.

c

J ` m

K J ` n K̀ K n K̀ ` Jn ,aU

`

4. A salesman territory consists of 3 cities A, B and C. He never sells in the same city on successive days. If he sells in

city A, then the next day, he sells in city B. However, if he sells in either B or C, the next day he is twice as likely to

sell in city A as in the other city. In the long run, how often does he sell in each of the cities?

0 1 0

A B C

o

Solution : The tpm of the given problem is = p q 0 r. The limiting form or long run prob. distribution. LM = L

: 0

0 1 0

NO O O P q 0 r = NO O O P

0

O + O = O ⇒ 2 O + 2 O = 3O ⇒ 3O − 2 O − 2 O = 0 (1)

O + O = O ⇒ 3O + O = 3O ⇒ 3O − 3O + O = 0 (2)

O = O ⇒ O = 3O

O + O + O = 1

(3)

t

(4)

(5)

Sub. (3) and (5) in (4), O + O + O = 1 ⇒ O + 3O + O = 1 ⇒ O =

t

(6)

Sub. (6) in (3), O = , Sub. (6) in (5), O = , L, = u. bu, LV = u. bm, LU = u. ,m

n t

5. A fair die is tossed repeatedly. If v+ denotes the maximum of the numbers occurring in the first + tosses, find the

Thus in the long run, he sells 40% of the time in city A, 45% of the time in the city B and 15% of the time in city C.

Solution: The state space is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 . = maximum of the numbers occurring in the first trials.

y = maximum of the numbers occurring in the first + 1 trials = maxN , W8}~E 4 ℎ~ + 1 &' E4 €P .

=1

Let us see how the First Row of the tpm is filled.

y = 1 4@ 1 ••~ E 4 + 1 &' E4 €

= 2 4@ 1 ••~ E 4 + 1 &' E4 €

= 3 4@ 1 ••~ E 4 + 1 &' E4 €

= 4 4@ 1 ••~ E 4 + 1 &' E4 €

= 5 4@ 1 ••~ E 4 + 1 &' E4 €

= 6 4@ 1 ••~ E 4 + 1 &' E4 €

+1 &'

I

Now, in the trial, each of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 occurs with probability .

4

Dr. P. Godhandaraman, Assistant Professor, Dept of Maths, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Mobile: 9941740168, Email: godhanda@gmail.com

=2

Let us see how the Second Row of the tpm is filled.

‚@ + 1 &' E4 € E~ W€ 4 1 [E 2, y = 2

Here

‚@ + 1 &' E4 € E~ W€ 4 3, y = 3

‚@ + 1 &' E4 € E~ W€ 4 4, y = 4

‚@ + 1 &' E4 € E~ W€ 4 5, y = 5

‚@ + 1 &' E4 € E~ W€ 4 6, y = 6

= 2, y = 2 = and y = ƒ = , ƒ = 3, 4, 5, 6.

I I

If

+ 1 &' ~

Proceeding similarly, the tpm is

† I I I I I I ‰̂ † I I I I I I ‰̂ † I I I I I I ‰̂ † ‰̂

J ` n

…0 …0 …0

I I I I I I

…0

K J

`

n

… I I I I Iˆ … I I I I Iˆ … I I I I Iˆ … I I I I Iˆ

…0 0 ˆ …0 0 ˆ …0 0 ˆ … ˆ

0 0

n ` n

= &' … I I I Iˆ

, =… I I I Iˆ …

I I I Iˆ

=… I I I Iˆ

…0 0 0 ˆ …0 0 0 ˆ …0 0 0 ˆ

K K K

… 0 0 0 I I I ˆ

I n

… I I I

ˆ … I I I

ˆ … I I I

ˆ

… 0 0 0 0 I I ˆ … 0 0 0 0 I I ˆ … 0 0 0 0 I I ˆ … 0 0 0 0 J ˆ

J J J

… ˆ … ˆ … ˆ … I Iˆ

„ 0 0 0 0 0 I ‡ „ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 „ 0 0 0 0 0 1 ‡

I‡ „ I‡

= / 0

I I I I I I

The initial probability distribution is

= 6 = ∑I!B = 6/ =4 = 4 = ∑I!B !I = N I + I + I + KI + JI + II P

I I

= 6 = I/ + + + + + 10 =

n

I I I I I I

6. The transition probability matrix of a Markov chain v+ , + = ,, V, … having 3 states 1, 2, 3 is

u. , u. m u. b

( = Šu. w u. V u. V‹ and the initial distribution ( u = u. a, u. V, u. , .

u. U u. b u. U

Find (i) ( vV = U, v, = U, vu = V (ii) ( vV = U (iii) ( vU = V, vV = U, v, = U, vu = V .

= 3, = 3, = 2 = = 3/ = 3, = 2 = 3, = 2

Solution:

= = 3/ =3 = 3, =2 = = 3, =2

(i)

= = 3/ = 2 = 2 = =2

= 0.3 0.2 0.2 = 0.012

=3 = = 3, =1 + = 3, = 2 + = 3, = 3

= = 3/ =1 =1 + = 3/ = 2 = 2 + = 3/ =3 =3

(ii)

= =1 + =2 + =3

= 0.26 0.7 + 0.34 0.2 + 0.29 0.1 = 0.279

0.1 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.43 0.31 0.26

= Š0.6 0.2 0.2‹ Š0.6 0.2 0.2‹ = Š0.24 0.42 0.34‹

0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.36 0.35 0.29

= 2, = 3, = 3, = 2 = = 2/ = 3, = 3, = 2 = 3, = 3, =2

= = 2/ = 3 = 3, = 3, =2

(iii)

= = 3/ = 3, =2 = 3, =2

= = 3/ =3 = 3, =2

= = 3/ = 2 =2 = =2

= 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 = 0.0048

5

Dr. P. Godhandaraman, Assistant Professor, Dept of Maths, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Mobile: 9941740168, Email: godhanda@gmail.com

u‰̂

U ,

†b b

…,

7. The transition probability matrix of a Markov chain • Ž , Ž = ,, V, … having 3 states 1, 2, 3 is f = … b

, ,

V bˆ

… ,ˆ

&

„u

U

b b‡

the initial distribution f = < , , >. Find (i) f •U = V/• V = , (ii) f •V = V (iii) f • V = V, •, = ,, • u = V

u , , ,

U U U

(iii) f •U = ,, • V = V, •, = ,, • u = V

(i) P X = 2/X = 1 = =

Solution:

K

=2 = = 2, =1 + = 2, =2 + = 2, = 3

= = 2/ =1 =1 + = 2/ =2 =2 + = 2/ =3 =3

(iii)

= =1 + =2 + =3

= < >< > + < >< > + < >< > =

J t n

I I I I

† K K 0‰̂ † K K 0‰̂ † I

J

I I‰̂

… … …J

= …K =…

t

Kˆ …K Kˆ I I Iˆ

… ˆ… ˆ … Kˆ

„0 K K ‡ „0 K K ‡ „ I

n

I I‡

(iv) = 2, = 1, =2 = = 2/ = 1, =2 = 1, =2

= = 2/ =1 = 1, =2 = = 1, =2

= = 1/ =2 =2 = =2

= <K> <K> < > = 0.0208

= 1, = 2, = 1, =2 = = 1/ = 2, = 1, = 2 = 2, = 1, =2

= = 1/ = 2 = 2, = 1, =2

(v)

= = 2/ = 1, =2 = 1, =2

= = 2/ =1 = 1, =2

= = 1, =2 = = 1/ =2 =2

= = 2 = < > < > < > < > = 0.0052

K K K

u , u

8. Find the nature of the states of the Markov chain with the transition probability matrix ( = d u e.

, ,

V V

u , u

0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0

=d 0 e, = =d 0 ed 0 e = q0 1 0r ,

0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0

Solution :

0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0

= = q0 1 0r d 0 e=d 0 e= K

= =d 0 ed 0 e = q0 1 0r =

0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0

,

The chain is irreducible. Also since there are only 3 states, the chain is finite. That is, the chain is finite and irreducible.

K I

All the states are non null persistent.

State 1:

K I

State 2:

K I

State 3:

All the states 1, 2, 3 have period 2. That is, they are periodic. All the states are non null persistent, but the states are

periodic. Hence all the states are not ergodic.

6

Dr. P. Godhandaraman, Assistant Professor, Dept of Maths, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Mobile: 9941740168, Email: godhanda@gmail.com

9. Three boys A, B, C are throwing a ball to each other. A always throw the ball to B &B always throws to C but C

is just as likely to throw the ball to B as to A. Show that the process is Markovian. Find the transition matrix &

classify the states.

Solution:

o 0 1 0

A B C

= p d 0 0 1e

: 0

0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 † 0‰̂

0r , 0 …

= = d0 0 1e d0 0 1e = q = =q rd0 0 1 e = …0 ˆ

0 0 0 0 0 … ˆ

„K K ‡

† 0‰̂ 0 1 0 †0 ‰̂ †0 ‰̂ 0 1 0 †K K ‰̂

… 0 0 1e = … … 0 0 1 …

K

= = …0 ˆd …K ˆ,

J

= K = … K ˆd e = …K Kˆ

0 0

K K

… ˆ … ˆ … ˆ … ˆ

„K K ‡ „K K‡ „K K ‡ „t t ‡

> 0, > 0, >0, > 0, > 0, >0, > 0, > 0, >0

The chain is irreducible. Also since there are only 3 states, the chain is finite. That is, the chain is finite and irreducible.

All the states are non null persistent.

J

1st state A:

> 0, > 0, > 0… ~E4[7 [@ p = 9:; 2, 3, 4 … = 1

nd K

2 state B:

rd K

3 state C:

All the states A, B, C have period 1. That is, they are aperiodic.

All the states are aperiodic and non null persistent, they are ergodic.

Regards!

Dr. P. GodhandaRaman

Assistant Professor

Department of Mathematics

SRM University, Kattankulathur – 603 203

Email : godhanda@gmail.com, Mobile : 9941740168

7

Dr. P. Godhandaraman, Assistant Professor, Dept of Maths, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Mobile: 9941740168, Email: godhanda@gmail.com

- Lecture1_Feb8Uploaded bydarksideofthenight
- DSC3215-ZHQ (I, 1718)Uploaded bycaspersoong
- NMSA334 Stochastic Processes 1Uploaded byDionisio Ussaca
- Decision Science-204 MCQ'sUploaded byNikhil Bhalerao
- Blooms TaxonomyUploaded bysabinayou
- s4 Btech Mqp Random ProcessUploaded byDELFIN BIJU
- MarkovUploaded byyoki_triwahyudi
- Feller BookUploaded bybb31415
- ans3.pdfUploaded byRadhika Ravi
- jssisivolxxiiparti_1529Uploaded byTarig Gibreel
- MA6451-Probability and Random Processes QBUploaded bySabari
- Shreve Stochcal4fin 1Uploaded byDaniel He
- Statistical Data Analysis Book Dang Quang the HongUploaded byAnonymous gInYZHU
- LIFO policy for Perishable Inventory systems under fuzzy environmentUploaded byIJSRP ORG
- Application of Markov Chain to the Assessment of Students Admission and Academic Performance in Ekiti State UniversityUploaded byIJSTR Research Publication
- Stoping TimesUploaded byfmayambala
- 264_3Uploaded byDaniel
- R5210402 Probability Theory & Stochastic ProcessesUploaded bysivabharathamurthy
- External Environmental Analysis PDFUploaded byTammy
- Mathcad - CAPE - 2002 - Math Unit 2 - Paper 01Uploaded byNefta Baptiste
- Mathcad - CAPE - 2003 - Math Unit 2 - Paper 01Uploaded byNefta Baptiste
- bini-cime.pdfUploaded byImron Mashuri
- chpter-1Uploaded bychuchhe
- Introduction to Statistical Process ControlUploaded byRahul Dalvi
- 7Uploaded byNishant Shah
- VAJ000547Uploaded bysanthitry
- MATH1271_Midterm2_2013SpringUploaded byexamkiller
- 513 (Sims, Princeton).pdfUploaded byInvest
- Axelrod's Metanorm Games on NetworksUploaded byj00000000
- SWOT Form.xlsUploaded bywindra herintyoko

- Formal Language a Practical Introduction by Adam Brooks WebberUploaded byRaghav Agrawal
- Transportation Engineering - GATE Material - Ace Engineering Academy - Free Download PDF - Civilenggforall (1)Uploaded bysrikaanth3811
- 3267-6924-1-PB Fuzzy Logic Based Intrusion Detection System Against Black Hole Attack in Mobile Ad Hoc NetworksUploaded bysrikaanth3811
- [International Series on Microprocessor-Based and Intelligent Systems Engineering 23] John Harris (Auth.) - An Introduction to Fuzzy Logic Applications (2000, Springer Netherlands)Uploaded bysrikaanth3811
- ch10Uploaded bySimond Caesar Semblante
- Intro-2013Uploaded bysrikaanth3811
- 5_microprocessors and InterfacingUploaded bysrikaanth3811
- 6c525ce8e83710adebad895700c331c24d8dUploaded bysrikaanth3811
- Datatransfersystem 141024052901 Conversion Gate02Uploaded bysrikaanth3811
- Input Output Organization 11Uploaded byamit_coolbuddy20
- Interfacing 1Uploaded bysrikaanth3811
- Grey System TheoryUploaded byMitPatel
- 1-s2.0-S0895717709000272-mainUploaded bysrikaanth3811
- 1-s2.0-S0307904X08000206-mainUploaded bysrikaanth3811
- (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 9404) Herbert Bos, Fabian Monrose, Gregory Blanc (Eds.)-Research in Attacks, Intrusions, And Defenses_ 18th International Symposium, RAID 2015, Kyoto, Japan, NovembeUploaded bysrikaanth3811
- instructionsetof8086.pptxUploaded bySri Anjaneya N
- UNIT-IUploaded bysrikaanth3811
- Lecture 10Uploaded bysrikaanth3811
- Interrupts_of_intel_8085.pdfUploaded bysrikaanth3811
- EXP (12)Logical InstructionUploaded bysrikaanth3811
- An Introduction to Probabilistic ModelingUploaded bylackoibolya
- (Security and Cryptology 10453) Marc Dacier, Michael Bailey, Michalis Polychronakis, Manos Antonakakis (Eds.)-Research in Attacks, Intrusions, And Defenses_ 20th International Symposium, RAID 2017, At (1)Uploaded bysrikaanth3811
- detailedexplanationofpindescriptionof8085microprocessor-160321095344Uploaded bysrikaanth3811
- 8085Uploaded bymukeshmohanan007
- IJAEGT-409571-2-Pp-120-124-V-Ramana Securing Data Packets From Vampire Attacks in Wireless Ad-hoc Sensor Network.Uploaded bysrikaanth3811
- Ijns-2013-V15-n1-p50-58 a Game-Theoretic Approach to Security and Power Conservation in Wireless Sensor NetworksUploaded bysrikaanth3811
- ch20.pptUploaded byAnonymous 1ioUBbN
- Intro to Automata Theory, Languages and Computation _ John E Hopcroft, Jeffrey D UllmanUploaded bysrikaanth3811

- Stochastic ProcessUploaded byCarlos de la Calleja
- dceschsyllUploaded byMohan Kumar N
- Branching ProcessesUploaded byPatrick Mugo
- veerarajanUploaded byManish Vohra
- Random Proc Jan 09Uploaded byalomelo
- Affine Term-Structure ModelsUploaded bybarrie1985
- CTF Lecture NotesUploaded byDeniz Mostarac
- Emh HistoryUploaded bynajhabib
- chap07Uploaded byjulianli0220
- Byron K. Williams, James D. Nichols, Michael J. Conroy - Analysis and Management of Animal Populations-Academic Press (2002).pdfUploaded byJulio San Martín Órdenes
- An Innovations Approach to Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Dynamic SystemsUploaded byAryeh Marks
- Evaluating gambles using dynamicsUploaded byAntónio Fonseca
- Msg 00210Uploaded bykw19822
- 28669193 Iannis Xenakis S 709 AnalysisUploaded bygiamburrasca
- IHvps _SY_230913054808Uploaded byvishal.telang.areva4538
- 261170689-mining-geostatistics-pdf.pdfUploaded bythewhitebunny6789
- 2. Leiviskä K (1996) Simulation in Pulp and Paper Industry. February 1996.pdfUploaded byHuy Nguyen
- random walk articleUploaded byAlqaas Chaudhry
- Performance Models- Representation and Analysis MethodsUploaded byTesfahun Girma
- MathUploaded byalfredomedardo
- Human Effort Dynamics and Schedule Risk AnalysisUploaded byenfrspit
- mesyllabusUploaded byAvinash Gaikwad
- Libro - Peligro Sísmico [G. Montalva]Uploaded byPablo Sanhueza
- Christiano Et Al, Eichenbaum, Vigfusson - What Happens After a Technolo y ShockUploaded byAlex Din
- HW7Uploaded bynick10686
- Mathematical Methods in Signal Processing and Digital Image AnalysisUploaded byNeilson Luniere Vilaça
- ECE Syllabus Anna university (CEG,MIT)Uploaded byPon Krithikha
- Msc Maths Stats Subjects 2015 2016 3Uploaded byAvadroze
- danielbioestadistica.pdfUploaded byMaicel Monzon
- stochcalcuslectureUploaded byM.Siva Nagi Reddy